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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822664/laparoscopic-ligation-of-inferior-mesenteric-artery-for-the-treatment-of-type-ii-endoleak-after-endovascular-aortic-aneurysm-repair
#1
REVIEW
Konstantinos Spanos, Nikolaos Tsilimparis, Axel Larena-Avellaneda, Athanasios D Giannoukas, Sebastian E Debus, Tilo Kölbel
OBJECTIVE: Type II endoleak after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is frequently caused by persistent flow from the inferior mesenteric artery (IMA). The aim of this study was to assess the perioperative and midterm efficacy of laparoscopic ligation of the IMA for treatment of endoleak. METHODS: MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Cochrane databases and key references were searched with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses methodology for studies reporting on laparoscopic ligation of the IMA for treatment of type II endoleak after EVAR...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820932/titanium-oxynitride-thin-films-with-tuneable-double-epsilon-near-zero-behaviour-for-nanophotonic-applications
#2
Laurentiu Braic, Nikolaos Vasilantonakis, Andrei Mihai, Ignacio Jose Villar-Garcia, Sarah Fearn, Bin Zou, Neil McN Alford, Brock Doiron, Rupert F Oulton, Stefan A Maier, Anatoly V Zayats, Peter K Petrov
Titanium Oxynitride (TiOxNy) thin films are fabricated using reactive magnetron sputtering. The mechanism of their growth formation is explained and their optical properties are presented. The films grown when the level of residual Oxygen in the background vacuum was between 5 nTorr to 20 nTorr exhibit double Epsilon-Near- Zero (2-ENZ) behaviour with ENZ1 and ENZ2 wavelengths tunable in the 700-850 nm and in the 1100-1350 nm spectral ranges, respectively. Samples fabricated when the level of residual Oxygen in the background vacuum was above 2E-8Torr exhibit non- metallic behaviour, while the layers deposited when the level of residual Oxygen in the background vacuum was below 5E-9Torr, show metallic behaviour with a single ENZ value...
August 18, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819532/a-case-of-enterobiasis-presenting-as-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-a-curious-case-of-the-infection-with-predominant-mental-health-symptoms-presenting-for-the-first-time-in-the-settings-of-a-refugee-camp
#3
Georgios Karamitros, Nikolaos Kitsos, Fotios Athanasopoulos
Enterobiasis (oxyuriasis) is a common infection in human caused by Enterobius vermicularis (E. vermicularis), a human intestinal helminth. Because of the easy way of its transmission among people, it has an extremely high prevalence in overcrowded conditions, such as nurseries and primary schools. Oxyuriasis's symptoms are extremely diverse in children, ranging from nausea, diarrhea, insomnia, irritability, recurrent cellulitis, loss of appetite, nightmares and endometritis. Here we report a curious case of oxyuriasis in the settings of a refugee camp in Greece...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819520/the-ban-on-blood-donation-on-men-who-have-sex-with-men-time-to-rethink-and-reassess-an-outdated-policy
#4
Georgios Karamitros, Nikolaos Kitsos, Ioanna Karamitrou
During the 1980s the HIV/AIDS epidemic outbreak occurred. Due to the high prevalence of the disease on men who had sex with men (MSM) a lifetime ban on blood donations on men who had sex with men (MSM) was implemented. In the recent years, organizations like the European Union (EU) and the World Health Organization (WHO) have established new guidelines introducing the term of "risky sexual behavior" without any reference to the sex orientation of the potential donor, however many countries are hesitant to review the ban on men who had sex with men (MSM)...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818954/on-the-way-to-the-tokyo-summer-olympic-games-2020-prevention-of-severe-head-and-neck-injuries-in-judo-it-s-time-for-action
#5
EDITORIAL
Takeshi Kamitani, Nikolaos G Malliaropoulos, Masaki Omiya, Yohei Otaka, Kosei Inoue, Natsuko Onidani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 17, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818000/exploring-the-relation-between-visual-mental-imagery-and-affect-in-the-daily-life-of-previously-depressed-and-never-depressed-individuals
#6
Christien Slofstra, Maaike H Nauta, Emily A Holmes, Elisabeth H Bos, Marieke Wichers, Nikolaos Batalas, Nicola S Klein, Claudi L H Bockting
Previously depressed individuals experience disturbances in affect. Affective disturbances may be related to visual mental imagery, given that imagery-based processing of emotional stimuli causes stronger affective responses than verbal processing in experimental laboratory studies. However, the role of imagery-based processing in everyday life is unknown. This study assessed mental imagery in the daily life of previously and never depressed individuals. Higher levels of visual mental imagery was hypothesised to be associated with more affective reactivity to both negatively and positively valenced mental representations...
August 17, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816833/perioperative-use-of-erythromycin-reduces-cognitive-decline-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-surgery-a-pilot-study
#7
Evanthia Thomaidou, Helena Argiriadou, Georgios Vretzakis, Kalliopi Megari, Nikolaos Taskos, Georgios Chatzigeorgiou, Kyriakos Anastasiadis
OBJECTIVES: Adverse neurologic outcome can be a debilitating complication after cardiac surgery. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential neuroprotective action of erythromycin, a well known antibiotic agent, regarding postoperative cognitive decline in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: Forty patients scheduled for elective coronary artery bypass grafting surgery were prospectively randomly assigned in 2 groups: the erythromycin group (n = 19) who received erythromycin at a dose of 25 mg/kg before and after surgery and the control group (n = 21) who did not receive it...
August 14, 2017: Clinical Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816795/voriconazole-antifungal-prophylaxis-in-children-with-malignancies-a-nationwide-study
#8
Zoi Dorothea Pana, Maria Kourti, Katerina Vikelouda, Antonia Vlahou, Nikolaos Katzilakis, Maria Papageorgiou, Dimitrios Doganis, Loizos Petrikkos, Anna Paisiou, Dimitrios Koliouskas, Antonios Kattamis, Eftichia Stiakaki, Maria Chatzistilianou, Helen Vasilatou-Kosmidis, Sophia Polychronopoulou, Stelios Grafakos, Emmanuel Roilides
BACKGROUND: Antifungal prophylaxis (AFP) is recommended in at-risk hematology-oncology patients. We evaluated the safety of AFP with voriconazole (VRC) in pediatric hematology/oncology patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of VRC AFP in children with malignancies hospitalized in all 7 Greek pediatric hematology/oncology centers during 2008 to 2012 was conducted. Patients' demographics, outcome, and adverse event (AE) data were recorded. RESULTS: Four hundred twenty-nine VRC AFP courses in 249 patients (median age 6 y, 55% boys) were studied...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814232/statins-in-diabetes-mellitus
#9
Charalambos Vlachopoulos, Nikolaos Ioakeimidis, Konstantinos Aznaouridis, George Lazaros, Dimtris Tousoulis
Statins are a group of lipid-lowering medications that have been proven to be efficient in the protection of patients with dyslipidaemia from cardiovascular disease. The beneficial role of statins in both primary and secondary prevention has been well documented in many large randomized clinical trials. This beneficial effect extends to patients with diabetes mellitus. Their safety profile is overall good with mainly mild side effects. However, data indicate that statins may promote new onset diabetes mellitus...
August 15, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813492/point-prevalence-survey-of-healthcare-facility-onset-healthcare-associated-clostridium-difficile-infection-in-greek-hospitals-outside-the-intensive-care-unit-the-c-define-study
#10
Athanasios Skoutelis, Angelos Pefanis, Sotirios Tsiodras, Nikolaos V Sipsas, Moyssis Lelekis, Marios C Lazanas, Panagiotis Gargalianos, George N Dalekos, Emmanuel Roilides, George Samonis, Efstratios Maltezos, Dimitrios Hatzigeorgiou, Malvina Lada, Symeon Metallidis, Athena Stoupis, Georgios Chrysos, Lazaros Karnesis, Styliani Symbardi, Chariclia V Loupa, Helen Giamarellou, Ioannis Kioumis, Helen Sambatakou, Epameinondas Tsianos, Maria Kotsopoulou, Areti Georgopali, Klairi Liakou, Stavroula Perlorentzou, Stamatina Levidiotou, Marina Giotsa-Toutouza, Helen Tsorlini-Christoforidou, Ilias Karaiskos, Georgia Kouppari, Eleftheria Trikka-Graphakos, Maria-Anna Ntrivala, Kate Themeli-Digalaki, Anastasia Pangalis, Melina Kachrimanidou, Maria Martsoukou, Stergios Karapsias, Maria Panopoulou, Sofia Maraki, Anagnostina Orfanou, Efthymia Petinaki, Maria Orfanidou, Vasiliki Baka, Antonios Stylianakis, Iris Spiliopoulou, Stavroula Smilakou, Loukia Zerva, Evangelos Vogiatzakis, Eleni Belesiotou, Charalambos A Gogos
BACKGROUND: The correlation of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) with in-hospital morbidity is important in hospital settings where broad-spectrum antimicrobial agents are routinely used, such as in Greece. The C. DEFINE study aimed to assess point-prevalence of CDI in Greece during two study periods in 2013. METHODS: There were two study periods consisting of a single day in March and another in October 2013. Stool samples from all patients hospitalized outside the ICU aged ≥18 years old with diarrhea on each day in 21 and 25 hospitals, respectively, were tested for CDI...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810510/estimation-of-caffeine-intake-from-analysis-of-caffeine-metabolites-in-wastewater
#11
Emma Gracia-Lor, Nikolaos I Rousis, Ettore Zuccato, Richard Bade, Jose Antonio Baz-Lomba, Erika Castrignanò, Ana Causanilles, Félix Hernández, Barbara Kasprzyk-Hordern, Juliet Kinyua, Ann-Kathrin McCall, Alexander L N van Nuijs, Benedek G Plósz, Pedram Ramin, Yeonsuk Ryu, Miguel M Santos, Kevin Thomas, Pim de Voogt, Zhugen Yang, Sara Castiglioni
Caffeine metabolites in wastewater were investigated as potential biomarkers for assessing caffeine intake in a population. The main human urinary metabolites of caffeine were measured in the urban wastewater of ten European cities and the metabolic profiles in wastewater were compared with the human urinary excretion profile. A good match was found for 1,7-dimethyluric acid, an exclusive caffeine metabolite, suggesting that might be a suitable biomarker in wastewater for assessing population-level caffeine consumption...
August 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810217/porous-cellulose-as-promoter-of-oil-production-by-the-oleaginous-yeast-lipomyces-starkeyi-using-mixed-agroindustrial-wastes
#12
Vassilios Ganatsios, Athanasios A Koutinas, Argyro Bekatorou, Vassilios Panagopoulos, Ibrahim M Banat, Antonia Terpou, Nikolaos Kopsahelis
Enhanced single cell oil (SCO) production by the oleaginous yeast Lipomyces starkeyi DSM 70296, immobilised on delignified porous cellulose, is reported. Pure glucose media were initially used. The effects of substrate pH and treatment temperature were evaluated, showing that 30°C and pH 5.0 were the optimum conditions for SCO production by the immobilised yeast. The immobilisation technique led to increased lipid accumulation and cell growth by 44% and 8%, respectively, in the glucose media, compared to free cells in suspension...
July 29, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805974/effect-of-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-in-adh1b-adh4-adh1c-oprm1-drd2-bdnf-and-aldh2-genes-on-alcohol-dependence-in-a-caucasian-population
#13
Martha-Spyridoula Katsarou, Konstantinos Karakonstantis, Nikolaos Demertzis, Emmanouil Vourakis, Aspasia Skarpathioti, Aleksandr E Nosyrev, Aristidis Tsatsakis, Theodoris Kalogridis, Nikolaos Drakoulis
Alcohol is a frequently used addictive substance worldwide. Aim of this study is to determine the frequency distribution of SNPs within ADH1B, ADH4, ADH1C, ALDH2, BDNF, OPRM1, and DRD2 genes in a southeastern European Caucasian population from Greece. For this purpose samples of 1276 volunteers were analyzed after deidentification and anonymization. The allele distribution of the examined polymorphisms in the present Greek population cohort was as follows: rs1229984 (ADH1B): GG(wt) = 64.14%, GA = 29.86%, AA = 4...
August 2017: Pharmacology Research & Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805116/bisphenol-a-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#14
Vasilios Pergialiotis, Paraskevi Kotrogianni, Evangelos Christopoulos-Timogiannakis, Diamanto Koutaki, Georgios Daskalakis, Nikolaos Papantoniou
PURPOSE: Bisphenol A is a chemical compound related to adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. The purpose of the present systematic review is to summarize current knowledge in the field. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We systematically searched the Medline (1966-2017), Scopus (2004-2017), Clinicaltrials.gov (2008-2017), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials CENTRAL (1999-2017) databases. RESULTS: Thirty-five studies were included in the present systematic review...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802361/functional-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-improves-the-quality-of-life-in-children-suffering-from-chronic-rhinosinusitis-with-nasal-polyps
#15
Melina Fetta, Nikolaos S Tsilis, John V Segas, Thomas P Nikolopoulos, Petros V Vlastarakos
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of FESS in children with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps, regarding their overall postoperative quality-of-life (QoL) and constituent QoL domains. Potential differences between cystic fibrosis (CF) sufferers and non-sufferers, or cases with recurrent sinonasal polyposis versus single-operations were also explored. METHODS: 39 children were studied. The mean patient age was 10.9 years; four children suffered from cystic fibrosis...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801529/silencing-of-repetitive-dna-is-controlled-by-a-member-of-an-unusual-caenorhabditis-elegans-gene-family
#16
Eduardo Leyva-Díaz, Nikolaos Stefanakis, Inés Carrera, Lori Glenwinkel, Guoqiang Wang, Monica Driscoll, Oliver Hobert
Repetitive DNA sequences are subject to gene silencing in various animal species. Under specific circumstances repetitive DNA sequences can escape such silencing. For example, when exogenously added, extrachromosomal DNA sequences that are stably inherited in multicopy repetitive arrays in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans are frequently silenced in the germline, whereas such silencing often does not occur in the soma. This indicates that somatic cells might utilize factors that prevent repetitive DNA silencing...
August 11, 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800131/atg2a-b-deficiency-switches-cytoprotective-autophagy-to-non-canonical-caspase-8-activation-and-apoptosis
#17
Zhenyuan Tang, Yoshinori Takahashi, Chong Chen, Ying Liu, Haiyan He, Nikolaos Tsotakos, Jacob M Serfass, Melat T Gebru, Han Chen, Megan M Young, Hong-Gang Wang
Autophagosomal membranes are emerging as platforms for various cell survival and death signaling networks beyond autophagy. While autophagy-dependent cell death has been reported in response to a variety of stimuli, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain far from clear. Here, we demonstrate that inhibition of autophagosome completion by Atg2A/B deletion accumulates immature autophagosomal membranes that promote non-canonical caspase-8 activation in response to nutrient starvation via an intracellular death-inducing signaling complex (iDISC)...
August 11, 2017: Cell Death and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798808/altered-brain-functional-connectivity-in-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-after-chemotherapy-treatment-a-resting-state-fmri-study
#18
Konstantinos Bromis, Kostakis Gkiatis, Irene Karanasiou, George Matsopoulos, Eustratios Karavasilis, Matilda Papathanasiou, Efstathios Efstathopoulos, Nikolaos Kelekis, Vasileios Kouloulias
Previous studies in small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) patients have mainly focused on exploring neurocognitive deficits associated with prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI). Little is known about functional brain alterations that might occur due to chemotherapy treatment in this population before PCI is administered. For this reason, we used resting-state functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) to examine potential functional connectivity disruptions in brain networks, including the Default Mode Network (DMN), the Sensorimotor Network, and the Task-Positive Network (TPN)...
2017: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797997/hepatocellular-carcinoma-peritoneal-metastasis-role-of-cytoreductive-surgery-and-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-hipec
#19
John Spiliotis, Georgios Nikolaou, Nikolaos Kopanakis, Dimitra Vassiliadou, Alexios Terra, Elias Efstathiou
INTRODUCTION: Peritoneal dissemination of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a rare presentation with an incidence of 2-6%. The most common cause of peritoneal deposits is a ruptured HCC that results in tumor spillage into the peritoneal cavity. The overall incidence of spontaneous ruptures of HCC ranges from 5 to 15% and carries a high mortality rate of up to 50%. Other factors influencing peritoneal dissemination are the lymph node metastasis and the direct diaphragmatic invasion and there is no significant association with past history of FNAB, or percutaneous RFA or ethanol injection and lung or adrenal metastasis...
May 2017: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797916/performance-of-pit-and-fissure-sealants-according-to-tooth-characteristics-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Spyridon N Papageorgiou, Dionysia Dimitraki, Nikolaos Kotsanos, Katrin Bekes, Hubertus van Waes
OBJECTIVE: Aim of this systematic review was to assess the clinical performance of sealants on various teeth in an evidence-based manner. SOURCES: Five databases were searched from inception to February 2017. DATA: Randomized clinical studies on humans. METHODS: After duplicate study selection, data extraction, and risk of bias assessment according to the Cochrane guidelines, Paule-Mandel random-effects meta-analyses of Relative Risks (RRs) and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
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