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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764234/the-role-of-diet-in-the-management-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a-focus-on-fodmaps
#1
Russell Dolan, William D Chey, Shanti Eswaran
Irritable bowel syndrome is a common condition that negatively impacts quality of life and results in significant health care expenditures. The vast majority of IBS patients associate their symptoms with eating. Numerous randomized, controlled trials suggest that restriction of dietary FODMAPs improves overall symptoms, abdominal pain, bloating and quality of life in more than half of IBS sufferers. There is emerging data which suggests that other diets (gluten free, guided elimination diets) might also be of benefit to IBS patients...
May 15, 2018: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748817/the-role-of-the-microbiome-for-human-health-from-basic-science-to-clinical-applications
#2
M Hasan Mohajeri, Robert J M Brummer, Robert A Rastall, Rinse K Weersma, Hermie J M Harmsen, Marijke Faas, Manfred Eggersdorfer
The 2017 annual symposium organized by the University Medical Center Groningen in The Netherlands focused on the role of the gut microbiome in human health and disease. Experts from academia and industry examined interactions of prebiotics, probiotics, or vitamins with the gut microbiome in health and disease, the development of the microbiome in early-life and the role of the microbiome on the gut-brain axis. The gut microbiota changes dramatically during pregnancy and intrinsic factors (such as stress), in addition to extrinsic factors (such as diet, and drugs) influence the composition and activity of the gut microbiome throughout life...
May 10, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739280/abdominal-pain-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-for-morbid-obesity
#3
Tom Mala, Ingvild Høgestøl
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is widely used as treatment of morbid obesity. Weight loss, effects on obesity-related co-morbidities and quality of life are well documented post Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Other outcome measures are less well studied. This review explores aspects of prevalence, diagnostic evaluations, etiology, and treatment of abdominal pain specific to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. METHODS: The review is based on PubMed searches and clinical experience with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass...
May 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716703/an-information-education-and-communication-module-to-reduce-dietary-salt-intake-and-blood-pressure-among-tea-garden-workers-of-assam
#4
Prasanta K Borah, Hem C Kalita, Suman K Paine, Purnananda Khaund, Chandra Bhattacharjee, Dilip Hazarika, Meenakshi Sharma, Jagadish Mahanta
OBJECTIVE: High salt diet increases blood pressure. Tea garden workers (TGW) of Assam, India have high (60.8%) prevalence of hypertension (HTN), which may be due to consumption of extra salt (salt as side dish) and salted tea at work place and home. The present study evaluated an information, education and communication (IEC) module to reduce salt intake and blood pressure among TGW. METHODS: Two tea gardens (usual care and intervention) were selected at random covering a total population of 13,458...
March 2018: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703242/an-ehealth-program-versus-a-standard-care-supervised-health-program-and-associated-health-outcomes-in-individuals-with-mobility-disability-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Daniel Berglind, Gisela Nyberg, Mikaela Willmer, Margareta Persson, Michael Wells, Yvonne Forsell
BACKGROUND: Young adults with mobility disability (MD) are less likely to engage in regular physical activity (PA) compared with their able-bodied peers and inactive adults with a MD are more likely to report one or more chronic diseases compared to those who are physically active. Despite the vast amount of research published in the field of PA interventions over the past decades, little attention has been focused on interventions aiming to increase PA among individuals with MD. Thus, we propose to compare the effects of an eHealth program compared to a usual care supervised health program on levels of PA and other health behaviors...
April 27, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677164/the-mediating-role-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-the-prospective-association-between-overall-dietary-quality-and-healthy-aging
#6
Karen E Assmann, Indunil Ruhunuhewa, Moufidath Adjibade, Zhen Li, Raphaëlle Varraso, Serge Hercberg, Pilar Galan, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to quantify to what extent the association between adherence to the French nutritional recommendations at midlife, measured by the Programme National Nutrition Santé-Guideline Score (PNNS-GS), and healthy aging (HA) is mediated by body mass index (BMI) status. METHODS: We analyzed data from 2249 participants of the French 'Supplementation with Vitamins and Mineral Antioxidants' (SU.VI.MAX-'SUpplémentation en VItamines et Minéraux AntioXydants') cohort...
April 20, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659470/meta-analysis-of-perioperative-outcomes-of-acute-laparoscopic-vs-open-repair-of-perforated-gastroduodenal-ulcers
#7
Roberto Cirocchi, Kjetil Soreide, Salomone Di Saverio, Elena Rossi, Alberto Arezzo, Mauro Zago, Iosief Abraha, Nereo Vettoretto, Massimo Chiarugi
BACKGROUND: Surgery is the treatment of choice for perforated peptic ulcer disease (PUD). The aim of the present review is to compare the perioperative outcomes of acute laparoscopic versus open repair for PUD. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published in PubMed, SCOPUS and Web of Science RESULTS: The search included eight RCTs: 615 patients comparing laparoscopic (307 patients) versus open peptic perforated ulcer repair (308 patients)...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614555/-assessment-of-the-quality-of-life-of-tongue-base-cancer-patients-after-reconstruction-with-anterolateral-thigh-perforator-flap
#8
N Gao, K Fu, W He
Objective: To evaluate the quality of life (QOL) of patients who underwent resection of tongue base cancer and reconstruction by anterolateral thigh perforator free flap(ALTFF). Methods: A total of 77 patients with tongue cancer who underwent glossectomy and reconstruction by ALTFF were retrospectively analyzed in this work. At intervals of 3-month before operation, as well as both 3-month and 12-month post-operation, the QOL of these patients was assessed by using the 14-item Oral Health Impact Profile questionnaires(OHIP-14) and the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Head and Neck Module(EORTC-QLQ-H&N35)...
March 7, 2018: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584640/greenshell%C3%A2-mussels-a-review-of-veterinary-trials-and-future-research-directions
#9
REVIEW
Charles T Eason, Serean L Adams, Jonathan Puddick, Donato Romanazzi, Matthew R Miller, Nick King, Sarah Johns, Elizabeth Forbes-Blom, Paul A Hessian, Lisa K Stamp, Michael A Packer
The therapeutic benefits of Greenshell™ mussel (GSM; Perna canaliculus ) preparations have been studied using in vitro test systems, animal models, and human clinical trials focusing mainly on anti-inflammatory and anti-arthritic effects. Activity is thought to be linked to key active ingredients that include omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, a variety of carotenoids and other bioactive compounds. In this paper, we review the studies that have been undertaken in dogs, cats, and horses, and outline new research directions in shellfish breeding and high-value nutrition research programmes targeted at enhancing the efficacy of mussel and algal extracts...
March 27, 2018: Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565709/a-life-put-on-pause-an-exploration-of-the-health-related-quality-of-life-issues-relevant-to-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cancer
#10
Samantha C Sodergren, Olga Husson, Gudrun E Rohde, Iwona M Tomasewska, Bella Vivat, Noam Yarom, Helen Griffiths, Anne-Sophie Darlington
PURPOSE: In recent years, the assessment of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has been recognized as particularly informative to healthcare providers. For adolescents and young adults (AYAs), the impact of a cancer diagnosis and subsequent treatment is likely to be distinct from other age groups given the unique and complex physical and psychosocial challenges of this developmental phase. The objective of this study was to capture the HRQoL issues described by AYAs with cancer using thematic analysis...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553407/knowledge-and-self-care-practices-in-adolescent-girls-living-in-nablus-district-during-menstruation-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Eatimad Shalabi-Abbas, Saba Dweikat, Israa Al Gazawy, Sajeda Draghmah
BACKGROUND: Menstruation is a natural phenomenon that occurs throughout the reproductive life of every woman. The aim of this study was to explore knowledge and self-care practices among Palestinian adolescent girls during their menstrual period. Reproductive health issues in adolescent girls is an important but neglected area of Palestinian research. METHODS: For this cross-sectional study we recruited girls from grades seven, eight, and nine in the three biggest schools for girls in Nablus district...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546305/the-inflammatory-potential-of-the-diet-at-midlife-is-associated-with-later-healthy-aging-in-french-adults
#12
Karen E Assmann, Moufidath Adjibade, Nitin Shivappa, James R Hébert, Michael D Wirth, Mathilde Touvier, Tasnime Akbaraly, Serge Hercberg, Pilar Galan, Chantal Julia, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot
Background: While low-grade chronic inflammation has been suggested as a major modulator of healthy aging (HA), no study has yet investigated the link between the inflammatory potential of the diet and multidimensional concepts of HA. Objective: We aimed to evaluate the association between the inflammatory potential of the diet at midlife, as measured by the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII), and HA assessed 13 y later. Methods: We analyzed data from 2796 participants in the French Supplémentation en Vitamines et Minéraux Antioxydants (SU...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543374/long-term-outcome-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-total-colonic-aganglionosis-in-the-netherlands
#13
D Roorda, M J Witvliet, L M Wellens, D V Schulten, C E J Sloots, I de Blaauw, P M A Broens, J Oosterlaan, L W E van Heurn, A F W van der Steeg
AIM: Total colonic aganglionosis (TCA) is a severe form of Hirschsprung's Disease (HD) associated with a high morbidity. This study assesses long-term functional outcome and Quality of Life (QoL) of TCA patients in a national consecutive cohort. METHODS: Medical records of all patients (n=53) diagnosed between 1995 and 2015 were reviewed on surgical and demographic characteristics. Functional outcome of all non-syndromal patients, aged ≥ four years (n=35) was assessed in medical records and with a questionnaire...
March 15, 2018: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529893/the-impact-of-musculoskeletal-diseases-on-the-presence-of-locomotive-syndrome
#14
Manabu Akahane, Akie Maeyashiki, Yasuhito Tanaka, Tomoaki Imamura
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the impact of musculoskeletal diseases, depressive mental state, and hypertension on locomotive syndrome, a condition of reduced mobility requiring nursing care. Since locomotive syndrome is a major public health issue that needs attention, its relationship with functional inconvenience in performing daily activities was also investigated. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study using an Internet panel survey, comprising 747 persons aged 30-90 years...
March 12, 2018: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523666/adherence-to-the-world-cancer-research-fund-american-institute-for-cancer-research-guideline-is-associated-with-better-health-related-quality-of-life-among-chinese-patients-with-breast-cancer
#15
Yuan-Yuan Lei, Suzanne C Ho, Ashley Cheng, Carol Kwok, Chi-Kiu Iris Lee, Ka Li Cheung, Roselle Lee, Herbert H F Loong, Yi-Qian He, Winnie Yeo
Background: The 2007 World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) guideline provides recommendations for cancer prevention among cancer survivors. Limited data have examined whether guideline adherence is related to health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among Chinese patients with breast cancer. Methods: An ongoing prospective cohort study involving 1,462 Chinese women with early-stage breast cancer assessed exercise, diet, and body mass index (BMI) at baseline and at 18-months follow-up after diagnosis...
March 2018: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508275/eadsg-guidelines-insulin-therapy-in-diabetes
#16
Bahendeka Silver, Kaushik Ramaiya, Swai Babu Andrew, Otieno Fredrick, Sarita Bajaj, Sanjay Kalra, Bavuma M Charlotte, Karigire Claudine, Anthony Makhoba
A diagnosis of diabetes or hyperglycemia should be confirmed prior to ordering, dispensing, or administering insulin (A). Insulin is the primary treatment in all patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) (A). Typically, patients with T1DM will require initiation with multiple daily injections at the time of diagnosis. This is usually short-acting insulin or rapid-acting insulin analogue given 0 to 15 min before meals together with one or more daily separate injections of intermediate or long-acting insulin...
April 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504849/evaluation-of-the-clinical-effects-of-diet-and-physical-rehabilitation-in-dogs-following-tibial-plateau-leveling-osteotomy
#17
Wendy I Baltzer, Sarah Smith-Ostrin, Jennifer J Warnock, Craig G Ruaux
OBJECTIVE To assess clinical effects of an omega-3 fatty acid and protein-enriched diet, physical rehabilitation, or both in dogs following tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) and arthroscopic surgery for cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) disease. DESIGN Randomized, prospective clinical trial. ANIMALS 48 dogs with unilateral CCL disease. PROCEDURES Dogs were randomly assigned to receive a dry omega-3 fatty acid and protein-enriched dog food formulated to support joint health (test food [TF]), a dry food formulated for maintenance of adult dogs (control food [CF]), TF plus rehabilitation (TF-R), or CF plus rehabilitation (CF-R)...
March 15, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500557/assessing-information-needs-and-use-of-online-resources-for-disease-self-management-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-qualitative-study
#18
Jude K A des Bordes, Elsa Gonzalez, Maria A Lopez-Olivo, Maithili Shethia, Pratibha Nayak, Maria E Suarez-Almazor
To explore the information needs of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and their acceptance of online resources and Facebook in particular, as a source of information, interaction, and support among peers. Participants were adults with RA of ≤ 10 years duration, had ongoing or prior treatment with disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs or biologic agents, and internet access. We conducted 20 in-depth interviews using semi-structured interview guide to explore: (1) RA information needs, (2) use of self-management health behaviors, (3) use of internet resources for disease management, (4) role of peer support in health self-management, and (5) use of social networking sites (SNS) such as Facebook in disease management...
March 2, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498019/a-review-of-microbiota-and-irritable-bowel-syndrome-future-in-therapies
#19
REVIEW
Bruno K Rodiño-Janeiro, María Vicario, Carmen Alonso-Cotoner, Roberto Pascua-García, Javier Santos
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), one of the most frequent digestive disorders, is characterized by chronic and recurrent abdominal pain and altered bowel habit. The origin seems to be multifactorial and is still not well defined for the different subtypes. Genetic, epigenetic and sex-related modifications of the functioning of the nervous and immune-endocrine supersystems and regulation of brain-gut physiology and bile acid production and absorption are certainly involved. Acquired predisposition may act in conjunction with infectious, toxic, dietary and life event-related factors to enhance epithelial permeability and elicit mucosal microinflammation, immune activation and dysbiosis...
March 2018: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466475/cost-effectiveness-of-arthrocentesis-compared-to-conservative-therapy-for-arthralgia-of-the-temporomandibular-joint-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Lukas M Vos, Boudewijn Stegenga, A Dennis Stant, Elize H Quik, James Jr Huddleston Slater
AIMS: To determine the cost effectiveness and cost utility of arthrocentesis as an initial treatment for temporomandibular joint (TMJ) arthralgia compared to usual care. METHODS: A two-armed, parallel-design, randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted in the Netherlands from January 2009 to June 2012 that included patients with TMJ arthralgia. Patients were randomly allocated to arthrocentesis (n = 40) or usual care (n = 40) for initial treatment. Arthrocentesis consisted of rinsing the intra-articular space with isotonic saline, and usual care included a soft diet, physical therapy, and splint therapy...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
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