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Pain, health, diet

Sunderajhan Sekar, Ross Crawford, Yin Xiao, Indira Prasadam
Osteoarthritis is a progressive, age-related disease characterized by the degradation of the cartilage, abnormal bone remodelling, and joint pain eventually leading to disability. The occurrence of clinically diagnosed OA and the incidence of disability show geographic variations, which suggests that lifestyle and factors such as diet play a vital role in the formation and progression of OA. Obesity is associated with a state of low-grade inflammation and increased plasma concentrations of fatty acids such as the saturated fatty acids (SFA)...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Shanti L Eswaran, William D Chey, Theresa Han-Markey, Sarah Ball, Kenya Jackson
OBJECTIVES: There has been an increasing interest in the role of fermentable oligo-, di-, and monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAPs) in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). We report results from the first randomized controlled trial of the low FODMAP diet in US adults with IBS and diarrhea (IBS-D). The objectives were to compare the efficacy of the low FODMAP diet vs. a diet based upon modified National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidelines (mNICE) on overall and individual symptoms in IBS-D patients...
October 11, 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
K Pateman, N Cockburn, J Campbell, P J Ford
OBJECTIVES: The symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS) can affect oral care and access to dental services, but there is limited literature describing the oral health and perceived oral healthcare needs of people with MS. This study aimed to explore the oral health experiences, oral health behaviours and barriers to accessing dental care perceived by people living with MS in Australia. METHODS: Six focus groups were held across two metropolitan areas (Brisbane, Queensland and Melbourne, Victoria) and one regional area (Toowoomba, Queensland)...
September 28, 2016: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Nicola Veronese, Brendon Stubbs, Marianna Noale, Marco Solmi, Claudio Luchini, Stefania Maggi
BACKGROUND: The Mediterranean diet has positively influenced various medical conditions, but only a paucity of studies has considered the relation between the Mediterranean diet and quality of life (QOL) among people living in North America. OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether a higher adherence to the Mediterranean diet (aMED) was associated with better QOL and decreased pain, stiffness, disability, and depression in a large cohort of North Americans from the Osteoarthritis Initiative...
September 28, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Benjamin Fife, Renata Forste
PURPOSE: Approximately one third of adolescents in the United States report experiencing frequent headaches and stomachaches. We examined the association of psychosocial and physical factors with the report of weekly headaches or stomachaches using a representative sample of US teens. METHODS: Data for this project are from the survey of Health Behavior in School-Aged Children (HBSC), 2005-2006, a nationally representative sample of students in grades 6-10 in the United States...
September 26, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Esben Boeskov Øzhayat, Peter Østergaard, Klaus Gotfredsen
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to investigate and describe the Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) in a socially endangered group of people and to compare the OHRQoL to other patient groups. MATERIAL AND METHODS: About 294 socially endangered persons attending a volunteer clinic in Copenhagen Denmark filled in the OHIP-14 questionnaire. The group was compared in mean score and reported problems to a group of patients with tooth loss and about to have a removable dental prosthesis (RDP), a group with tooth loss about to have a fixed dental prosthesis (FDP) and a control group without tooth loss...
September 7, 2016: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Yan Wang, Chen Chen, Changcai Zhu, Liang Chen, Qingrong Han, Huarong Ye
Purpose. In order to find key risk factors of chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) among urban men in China, an age-matched case-control study was performed from September 2012 to May 2013 in Yichang, Hubei Province, China. Methodology. A total of 279 patients and 558 controls were recruited in this study. Data were collected by a self-administered questionnaire, including demographics, diet and lifestyle, psychological status, and a physical exam. Conditional logistic regression model was used to analyze collected data...
2016: BioMed Research International
Mahmoud Slim, Elena P Calandre, Juan M Garcia-Leiva, Fernando Rico-Villademoros, Rocio Molina-Barea, Carmen M Rodriguez-Lopez, Piedad Morillas-Arques
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Patients with fibromyalgia frequently present with symptoms similar to those experienced by patients with gluten-related disorders, raising the possibility that a subgroup of these patients could be experiencing underlying gluten sensitivity. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a gluten-free diet (GFD) compared with a hypocaloric diet (HCD) among patients with fibromyalgia. METHODS: Adult patients diagnosed with fibromyalgia were randomly allocated to receive a GFD or a HCD over a 24-week period...
August 19, 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Shibin Wang, Bo Li, Gabor S Ungvari, Chee H Ng, Helen F K Chiu, Changgui Kou, Yawen Liu, Yuchun Tao, Yanhua Wu, Yingli Fu, Yue Qi, Yaqin Yu, Yu-Tao Xiang
OBJECTIVE: Although poor mental health is associated with significant personal and societal burden, it is rarely reported in older Chinese populations. This study examined the mental health status of a large representative sample of Chinese elderly in relation to socio-demographic characteristics, lifestyle, and chronic diseases. METHODS: Multistage stratified cluster sampling was used in this cross-sectional study. A total of 4115 people aged between 60 and 79 years were selected and interviewed with standardized assessment tools...
October 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Massih Sedigh-Rahimabadi, Mesbah Shams, Mohammadmehdi Fani, Mahsa Rostami Chijan
BACKGROUND: Gingivitis is among the top general health problems in the world, especially in developing countries. Meanwhile, it may be associated with pulmonary and cardiovascular diseases. In a qualitative study, we tried to identify the corresponding terminology to gingivitis in traditional Persian medicine (TPM) and to explain its potential mechanisms, treatments, and prevention characteristics. METHODS: In a literature review, 4 modern textbooks and 18 related articles, 2 traditional medical dictionaries and 12 traditional medical and 4 traditional pharmaceutical texts were assessed by a specific method...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Ailsa L Hart, Miranda Lomer, Azmina Verjee, Karen Kemp, Omar Faiz, Ann Daly, Julie Solomon, John McLaughlin
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Many uncertainties remain regarding optimal therapies and strategies for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease. Setting research priorities addressing therapies requires a partnership between health-care professionals, patients and organisations supporting patients. We aimed to use the structure of the James Lind Alliance Priority Setting Partnership, which has been used in other disease areas, to identify and prioritise unanswered questions about treatments for inflammatory bowel disease...
August 9, 2016: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
Cheng-Pin Wu, Wen-Miin Liang, Chen-Chi Wang, Chi-Sen Chang, Hong-Zen Yeh, Jeng-Yuan Hsu, Chung-Wang Ko, Shou-Wu Lee, Shu-Chuan Chang, Fung-Chang Sung, Han-Chung Lien
The use of validated patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments for the treatment outcome measure of laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) is crucial given the lack of objective markers. However, current symptom-based PRO instruments can only partially capture the impact of LPR. The GERD Analyzer (GERDyzer), an existing disease-specific PRO instrument, which measures multidimensional health-related quality of life (HRQL) affected by the illness rather than by any specific symptoms, has been validated in patients with erosive gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Wathsala S Nanayakkara, Paula Ml Skidmore, Leigh O'Brien, Tim J Wilkinson, Richard B Gearry
This review summarizes the published clinical studies concerning the management of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) using restriction of Fermentable Oligosaccharide, Disaccharide, Monosaccharide, and Polyols in the diet (low FODMAP diet). In recent years, the data supporting low FODMAP diet for the management of IBS symptoms have emerged, including several randomized controlled trials, case-control studies, and other observational studies. Unlike most dietary manipulations tried in the past to alleviate gastrointestinal symptoms of IBS, all studies on low FODMAP diet have consistently shown symptomatic benefits in the majority of patients with IBS...
2016: Clinical and Experimental Gastroenterology
Paula Berstad, Edoardo Botteri, Inger Kristin Larsen, Magnus Løberg, Mette Kalager, Øyvind Holme, Michael Bretthauer, Geir Hoff
BACKGROUND: The effect of modifying lifestyle at middle age on mortality has been sparsely examined. METHODS: Men and women aged 50-54 years randomised to the control group (no intervention) in the population-based Norwegian Colorectal Cancer Prevention trial were asked to fill in lifestyle questionnaires in 2001 and 2004. Lifestyle scores were estimated ranging from 0 (poorest) to 4 (best) based on health recommendations (non-smoking, daily physical activity, body mass index <25...
June 16, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Karen E Assmann, Valentina A Andreeva, Géraldine M Camilleri, Eric O Verger, Claude Jeandel, Serge Hercberg, Pilar Galan, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot
Although nutrition has been advocated as a major determinant of healthy ageing (HA), studies investigating the link between dietary quality and HA are scarce. We investigated the association between adherence to French food-based and nutrient-based guidelines at midlife, as assessed by three dietary scores, and HA. HA was assessed in 2007-2009, among 2329 participants of the SUpplémentation en Vitamines et Minéraux AntioXydants study aged 45-60 years at baseline (1994-1995) and initially free of diabetes, CVD and cancer...
August 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
Christina J Adler, Richard Malik, Gina V Browne, Jacqueline M Norris
BACKGROUND: Periodontal disease is highly prevalent amongst domestic cats, causing pain, gingival bleeding, reduced food intake, loss of teeth and possibly impacts on overall systemic health. Diet has been suggested to play a role in the development of periodontal disease in cats. There is a complete lack of information about how diet (composition and texture) affects the feline oral microbiome, the composition of which may influence oral health and the development of periodontal disease...
2016: Microbiome
Elke Wintermeyer, Christoph Ihle, Sabrina Ehnert, Ulrich Stöckle, Gunnar Ochs, Peter de Zwart, Ingo Flesch, Christian Bahrs, Andreas K Nussler
Vitamin D is well known to exert multiple functions in bone biology, autoimmune diseases, cell growth, inflammation or neuromuscular and other immune functions. It is a fat-soluble vitamin present in many foods. It can be endogenously produced by ultraviolet rays from sunlight when the skin is exposed to initiate vitamin D synthesis. However, since vitamin D is biologically inert when obtained from sun exposure or diet, it must first be activated in human beings before functioning. The kidney and the liver play here a crucial role by hydroxylation of vitamin D to 25-hydroxyvitamin D in the liver and to 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D in the kidney...
2016: Nutrients
Candace L Williams, Kimberly A Dill-McFarland, Michael W Vandewege, Darrell L Sparks, Scott T Willard, Andrew J Kouba, Garret Suen, Ashli E Brown
Dietary shifts can result in changes to the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) microbiota, leading to negative outcomes for the host, including inflammation. Giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) are physiologically classified as carnivores; however, they consume an herbivorous diet with dramatic seasonal dietary shifts and episodes of chronic GIT distress with symptoms including abdominal pain, loss of appetite and the excretion of mucous stools (mucoids). These episodes adversely affect the overall nutritional and health status of giant pandas...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Peter C Rowe, Colleen L Marden, Samantha E Jasion, Erica M Cranston, Marissa A K Flaherty, Kevin J Kelly
AIM: To examine the prevalence, clinical features and influence on illness severity of cow's milk protein intolerance in young people with chronic fatigue syndrome. METHODS: In a two-year prospective study of 55 adolescents and young adults with chronic fatigue syndrome, we defined intolerance to milk protein if subjects reported (i) no evidence of immediate or anaphylactic reactions to milk, (ii) at least 2 of the following 3 chronic symptoms: gastroesophageal reflux, early satiety and epigastric/abdominal pain, (iii) improvement in upper gastrointestinal symptoms on a milk protein elimination diet and (iv) at least 2 recurrences of upper gastrointestinal symptoms >two hours following open re-exposure to milk protein...
September 2016: Acta Paediatrica
Chi-Yee Fok, Kate Sara Holland, Elena Gil-Zaragozano, Siba Prosad Paul
Coeliac disease (CD) is an immune-mediated genetic condition elicited by the ingestion of gluten, leading to proximal small bowel enteropathy. It affects around 1% of the population, although only a small proportion of cases are actually diagnosed. It is a multisystem disorder presenting with both gastrointestinal and extra-intestinal manifestations such as diarrhoea, abdominal pain, constipation, vomiting, iron deficiency anaemia, faltering growth, dental enamel defects, short stature, liver disease, arthropathy and recurrent aphthous ulcers...
April 28, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
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