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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920970/-mind-your-teeth-the-relationship-between-mastication-and-cognition
#1
R A F Weijenberg, S Delwel, B V Ho, C D Wierink, F Lobbezoo
Elderly persons, especially those suffering from dementia, are at great risk of suffering from oral health problems such as orofacial pain and loss of natural teeth. A possible explanation could be that the cognitive and motor impairments resulting from dementia cause a decrease in self-care and as such, a worsening of oral health. An alternative explanation is that cognition and oral health influence each other. Animal studies show that a decrease in masticatory activity, for example due to a soft diet or loss of teeth, causes memory loss and neuronal degeneration...
September 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905042/social-demographic-and-clinical-characteristics-of-patients-suffering-from-peripheral-vascular-disease-treated-surgically-compared-to-patients-treated-with-endovascular-angioplasty
#2
Renata Piotrkowska, Marek Dobosz, Janina Książek, Grzegorz Halena
INTRODUCTION: Atherosclerosis is the most common cause of chronic lower limb ischaemia. Many factors that have a crucial influence on the development of the disease, its course and prognosis have been identified. The risk factors seem to be subject to interventions due to their susceptibility to changes. It is important to increase the engagement of doctors and nurses performing the screening oriented on risk factors, medical consultation regarding giving up smoking, changing the diet and undertaking physical activity...
2017: Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886723/pancreatic-injury-in-children-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Fayza Haider, Mohammed Amin Al Awadhi, Eizat Abrar, Mooza Al Dossari, Hasan Isa, Husain Nasser, Hakima Al Hashimi, Sharif Al Arayedh
BACKGROUND: Trauma is the main cause of morbidity and mortality in the pediatric population. Blunt trauma to the abdomen accounts for the majority of abdominal injuries in children. Pancreatic injury, although uncommon (2 to 9%), is the fourth most common solid organ injury. Unlike other solid organ injuries, pancreatic trauma may be subtle and difficult to diagnose. Computed tomography currently is the imaging modality of choice. As the incidence of pancreatic injury in children sustaining blunt abdominal trauma is low, management remains a challenge...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877730/pancreas-herniation-into-the-mediastinum-a-case-report
#4
Muhammad Shafiq, Moaviz B Badshah, Maaz B Badshah, Mashood B Badshah, James Watkins
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic tissue found in the mediastinum (both true ectopic and herniated pancreas) is rare. It becomes even more challenging when there are complications associated with this entity. CASE PRESENTATION: We report an unusual case of pancreatic herniation into the mediastinum in a 90-year-old Caucasian female. This patient initially presented with nausea and vomiting associated with abdominal pain. Serum lipase and amylase both were elevated. Computed tomography scan of the chest, abdomen and pelvis revealed a large hiatal hernia with pancreas herniation into the mediastinum, with superimposed acute pancreatitis likely due to gallstone...
September 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832845/emotional-and-motor-symptoms-in-riverside-dwellers-exposed-to-mercury-in-the-amazon
#5
José Maria Farah Costa, Abner Ariel da Silva Lima, Dario Rodrigues, Eliana Dirce Torres Khoury, Givago da Silva Souza, Luiz Carlos de Lima Silveira, Maria da Conceição Nascimento Pinheiro
Introduction: The investigation of clinical and neurological impactations associated with exposure to mercury levels in exposed populations is necessary in the Amazon. Objective: To analyze emotional and motor symptoms of riverside dwellers exposed by diet in the municipalities of Itaituba and Acará, in Pará, Brazil. Methods: Hair samples were collected to assess the total mercury (HgT). Demographic data as well as emotional (depression, anxiety and insomnia) and motor (paresthesia, muscle weakness, loss of balance when walking, tremors, limb pain and dysarthria) symptomatology data were obtained...
April 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769814/the-digestive-tract-of-cephalopods-a-neglected-topic-of-relevance-to-animal-welfare-in-the-laboratory-and-aquaculture
#6
REVIEW
António V Sykes, Eduardo Almansa, Gavan M Cooke, Giovanna Ponte, Paul L R Andrews
Maintenance of health and welfare of a cephalopod is essential whether it is in a research, aquaculture or public display. The inclusion of cephalopods in the European Union legislation (Directive 2010/63/EU) regulating the use of animals for scientific purposes has prompted detailed consideration and review of all aspects of the care and welfare of cephalopods in the laboratory but the information generated will be of utility in other settings. We overview a wide range of topics of relevance to cephalopod digestive tract physiology and their relationship to the health and welfare of these animals...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756881/self-reported-oral-health-and-xerostomia-in-adult-patients-with-celiac-disease-versus-a-comparison-group
#7
Tom van Gils, Gerd Bouma, Hetty J Bontkes, Chris J J Mulder, Henk S Brand
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the impact of celiac disease (CD) on oral health and xerostomia. STUDY DESIGN: Members of the Dutch Celiac Society (n = 5522) were invited to complete an online questionnaire based on the Oral Health Impact Profile 14 (OHIP-14) and Xerostomia Inventory (XI). Acquaintances and partners of the CD respondents served as the comparison group. In total, data of 740 patients with CD and 270 comparison participants were evaluated...
August 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753805/the-urinary-tract-microbiome-in-health-and-disease
#8
REVIEW
Isabel M Aragón, Bernardo Herrera-Imbroda, María I Queipo-Ortuño, Elisabeth Castillo, Julia Sequeira-García Del Moral, Jaime Gómez-Millán, Gozde Yucel, María F Lara
CONTEXT: The urinary tract, previously considered a sterile body niche, has emerged as the host of an array of bacteria in healthy individuals, revolutionizing the urology research field. OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on microbiome implications in the urinary tract and the usefulness of probiotics/prebiotics and diet as treatment for urologic disorders. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic review was conducted using PubMed and Medline from inception until July 2016...
November 14, 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748625/multiple-risk-factor-counseling-to-promote-heart-healthy-lifestyles-in-the-chest-pain-observation-unit-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
David A Katz, Mark Graber, Patricia Lounsbury, Mark W Vander Weg, Emily K Phillips, Christina Clair, Phillip A Horwitz, Xueya Cai, Alan J Christensen
OBJECTIVE: Admission to the chest pain observation unit (CPOU) may be an advantageous time for patients to consider heart-healthy lifestyle changes while undergoing diagnostic evaluation to rule out myocardial ischemia. The aim of this pragmatic trial was to assess the effectiveness of a multiple risk factor intervention in changing CPOU patients' health beliefs and readiness to change health behaviors. A secondary aim was to obtain preliminary estimates of the intervention's effect on diet, physical activity, and smoking...
July 27, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741425/gabapentin-in-the-management-of-pain-following-tonsillectomy-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#10
James G Sanders, Claire Cameron, Patrick J D Dawes
Objective To determine if a single dose of oral gabapentin given prior to tonsillectomy decreases postoperative morbidity. Study Design Prospective randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial. Setting Southern District Health Board University Hospitals, New Zealand, over a 10-month period. Subjects and Methods Seventy-three adults undergoing tonsillectomy were randomized to receive either a single preoperative dose of oral gabapentin (600 mg) or placebo. A standard analgesic protocol was prescribed for 14 postoperative days...
July 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707363/equine-peripheral-dental-caries-an-epidemiological-survey-assessing-prevalence-and-possible-risk-factors-in-western-australian-horses
#11
K Jackson, E Kelty, M Tennant
BACKGROUND: Peripheral dental caries is defined as macroscopic destruction of the calcified dental tissues and can cause considerable dental pathology and pain. It appears to occur at a high prevalence in Western Australian horses. At present, risk factors for the condition are poorly understood, making treatment and prevention difficult. OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of and potential risk factors for peripheral caries in Western Australian horses. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional, epidemiological study...
July 14, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686542/polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-and-endocannabinoids-in-health-and-disease
#12
Hércules Rezende Freitas, Alinny Rosendo Isaac, Renato Malcher-Lopes, Bruno Lourenço Diaz, Isis Hara Trevenzoli, Ricardo Augusto De Melo Reis
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are lipid derivatives of omega-3 (docosahexaenoic acid, DHA, and eicosapentaenoic acid, EPA) or of omega-6 (arachidonic acid, ARA) synthesized from membrane phospholipids and used as a precursor for endocannabinoids (ECs). They mediate significant effects in the fine-tune adjustment of body homeostasis. Phyto- and synthetic cannabinoids also rule the daily life of billions worldwide, as they are involved in obesity, depression and drug addiction. Consequently, there is growing interest to reveal novel active compounds in this field...
July 7, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674135/mechanism-evaluation-of-a-lifestyle-intervention-for-patients-with-musculoskeletal-pain-who-are-overweight-or-obese-protocol-for-a-causal-mediation-analysis
#13
Hopin Lee, John Wiggers, Steven J Kamper, Amanda Williams, Kate M O'Brien, Rebecca K Hodder, Luke Wolfenden, Sze Lin Yoong, Elizabeth Campbell, Robin Haskins, Emma K Robson, James H McAuley, Christopher M Williams
INTRODUCTION: Low back pain (LBP) and knee osteoarthritis (OA) are highly prevalent and disabling conditions that cause societal and economic impact worldwide. Two randomised controlled trials (RCTs) will evaluate the effectiveness of a multicomponent lifestyle intervention for patients with LBP and knee OA who are overweight or obese. The key targets of this intervention are to improve physical activity, modify diet and correct pain beliefs. These factors may explain how a lifestyle intervention exerts its effects on key patient-relevant outcomes: pain, disability and quality of life...
July 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638693/management-of-the-temporomandibular-joint-in-inflammatory-arthritis-involvement-of-surgical-procedures
#14
REVIEW
Rory C O'Connor, Fiona Fawthrop, Rami Salha, Andrew J Sidebottom
Many conditions may affect the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), but its incidence in individual joint diseases is low. However, inflammatory arthropathies, particularly rheumatoid and psoriatic arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis, appear to have a propensity for affecting the joint. Symptoms include pain, restriction in mouth opening, locking, and noises, which together can lead to significant impairment. Jaw rest, a soft diet, a bite splint, and medical therapy, including disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) and simple analgesia, are the bedrock of initial treatment and will improve most symptoms in most patients...
June 2017: European Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617710/the-low-fodmap-diet-fundamental-therapy-in-the-management-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#15
Carol Ireton-Jones
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The low FODMAP diet is now recognized as first-line therapy for treatment of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms including abdominal pain, gas, bloating, diarrhea and or constipation. This information must be disseminated for application to clinical practice. RECENT FINDINGS: There are many people with IBS worldwide who can benefit from following the low FODMAP diet to alleviate or minimize symptoms. Clinical studies and trials demonstrating the positive outcomes of the low FODMAP diet have been based on diet education provided by dietitians...
September 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600365/effect-of-physical-activity-and-dietary-restriction-interventions-on-weight-loss-and-the-musculoskeletal-function-of-overweight-and-obese-older-adults-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-and-mixed-method-data-synthesis
#16
Asma S Alrushud, Alison B Rushton, Archontissa M Kanavaki, Carolyn A Greig
BACKGROUND: Despite the clinical recommendation of exercise and diet for people with knee osteoarthritis (OA), there are no systematic reviews synthesising the effectiveness of combining physical activity and dietary restriction interventions on the musculoskeletal function of overweight and obese older adults with knee OA. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of combined physical activity and dietary restriction programmes on body weight, body mass index (BMI) and the musculoskeletal function of overweight and obese older adults with knee OA...
June 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582812/symptomatic-efficacy-of-buckwheat-products-in-non-celiac-gluten-sensitivity-ncgs
#17
Monicau Dinu, Donatella Macchia, Giuditta Pagliai, Anna Maria Gori, Francesca Cesari, Rossella Marcucci, Francesco Sofi, Alessandro Casini
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum) is a gluten-free grain with acclaimed benefi-cial effects on human health. Our aim was to assess the effect of buckwheat products on intestinal/extra-intestinal symptoms and biochemical parameters in patients with Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity (NCGS). METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A randomized, crossover trial with two intervention phases was conducted on 19 NCGS patients over a 12 week-period. The participants were assigned to consume products made from buckwheat or to maintain their normal gluten-free diet for 6 weeks in a random order...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576296/biological-determinants-of-health-genes-microbes-and-metabolism-exemplars-of-nursing-science
#18
Erin P Ferranti, Ruth Grossmann, Angela Starkweather, Margaret Heitkemper
BACKGROUND: Increasingly, nurse scientists are incorporating "omics" measures (e.g., genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, and metabolomics) in studies of biologic determinants of health and behavior. The role of omics in nursing science can be conceptualized in several ways: (a) as a portfolio of biological measures (biomarkers) to monitor individual risk, (b) as a set of combined data elements that can generate new knowledge based on large and complex patient data sets, (c) as baseline information that promotes health education and potentially personalized interventions, and (d) as a platform to understand how environmental parameters (e...
April 12, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501228/integrative-medicine-for-the-treatment-of-persistent-pain
#19
REVIEW
Marni G Hillinger, Ruth Q Wolever, Lindsey C McKernan, Roy Elam
Integrative health modalities can provide useful tools in the management of persistent pain in the primary care setting. These modalities, such as acupuncture, mind-body medicine, diet and herbs, and movement strategies can be safely used and may provide patients with hope and empowerment. It is highly recommended that the patient work alongside trained professionals for a given modality and/or an interprofessional team.
June 2017: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496368/self-management-and-psychological-sexological-interventions-in-patients-with-endometriosis-strategies-outcomes-and-integration-into-clinical-care
#20
REVIEW
Laura Buggio, Giussy Barbara, Federica Facchin, Maria Pina Frattaruolo, Giorgio Aimi, Nicola Berlanda
Endometriosis has a multifactorial etiology. The onset and progression of the disease are believed to be related to different pathogenic mechanisms. Among them, the environment and lifestyle may play significant roles. Diet, dietary supplements, physical exercise, osteopathy, massage, acupuncture, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, and Chinese herbal medicine may represent a complementary and feasible approach in the treatment of symptoms related to the disease. In this narrative review, we aimed to examine the most updated evidence on these alternative approaches implicated in the self-management of the disease...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
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