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Pain, health, diet

Eatimad Shalabi-Abbas, Saba Dweikat, Israa Al Gazawy, Sajeda Draghmah
BACKGROUND: Menstruation is a natural phenomenon that occurs throughout the reproductive life of every woman. The aim of this study was to explore knowledge and self-care practices among Palestinian adolescent girls during their menstrual period. Reproductive health issues in adolescent girls is an important but neglected area of Palestinian research. METHODS: For this cross-sectional study we recruited girls from grades seven, eight, and nine in the three biggest schools for girls in Nablus district...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Karen E Assmann, Moufidath Adjibade, Nitin Shivappa, James R Hébert, Michael D Wirth, Mathilde Touvier, Tasnime Akbaraly, Serge Hercberg, Pilar Galan, Chantal Julia, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot
Background: While low-grade chronic inflammation has been suggested as a major modulator of healthy aging (HA), no study has yet investigated the link between the inflammatory potential of the diet and multidimensional concepts of HA. Objective: We aimed to evaluate the association between the inflammatory potential of the diet at midlife, as measured by the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII), and HA assessed 13 y later. Methods: We analyzed data from 2796 participants in the French Supplémentation en Vitamines et Minéraux Antioxydants (SU...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
D Roorda, M J Witvliet, L M Wellens, D V Schulten, C E J Sloots, I de Blaauw, P M A Broens, J Oosterlaan, L W E van Heurn, A F W van der Steeg
AIM: Total colonic aganglionosis (TCA) is a severe form of Hirschsprung's Disease (HD) associated with a high morbidity. This study assesses long-term functional outcome and Quality of Life (QoL) of TCA patients in a national consecutive cohort. METHODS: Medical records of all patients (n=53) diagnosed between 1995 and 2015 were reviewed on surgical and demographic characteristics. Functional outcome of all non-syndromal patients, aged ≥ four years (n=35) was assessed in medical records and with a questionnaire...
March 15, 2018: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
Manabu Akahane, Akie Maeyashiki, Yasuhito Tanaka, Tomoaki Imamura
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the impact of musculoskeletal diseases, depressive mental state, and hypertension on locomotive syndrome, a condition of reduced mobility requiring nursing care. Since locomotive syndrome is a major public health issue that needs attention, its relationship with functional inconvenience in performing daily activities was also investigated. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study using an Internet panel survey, comprising 747 persons aged 30-90 years...
March 12, 2018: Modern Rheumatology
Yuan-Yuan Lei, Suzanne C Ho, Ashley Cheng, Carol Kwok, Chi-Kiu Iris Lee, Ka Li Cheung, Roselle Lee, Herbert H F Loong, Yi-Qian He, Winnie Yeo
Background: The 2007 World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) guideline provides recommendations for cancer prevention among cancer survivors. Limited data have examined whether guideline adherence is related to health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among Chinese patients with breast cancer. Methods: An ongoing prospective cohort study involving 1,462 Chinese women with early-stage breast cancer assessed exercise, diet, and body mass index (BMI) at baseline and at 18-months follow-up after diagnosis...
March 2018: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
Bahendeka Silver, Kaushik Ramaiya, Swai Babu Andrew, Otieno Fredrick, Sarita Bajaj, Sanjay Kalra, Bavuma M Charlotte, Karigire Claudine, Anthony Makhoba
A diagnosis of diabetes or hyperglycemia should be confirmed prior to ordering, dispensing, or administering insulin (A). Insulin is the primary treatment in all patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) (A). Typically, patients with T1DM will require initiation with multiple daily injections at the time of diagnosis. This is usually short-acting insulin or rapid-acting insulin analogue given 0 to 15 min before meals together with one or more daily separate injections of intermediate or long-acting insulin...
March 5, 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
Wendy I Baltzer, Sarah Smith-Ostrin, Jennifer J Warnock, Craig G Ruaux
OBJECTIVE To assess clinical effects of an omega-3 fatty acid and protein-enriched diet, physical rehabilitation, or both in dogs following tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) and arthroscopic surgery for cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) disease. DESIGN Randomized, prospective clinical trial. ANIMALS 48 dogs with unilateral CCL disease. PROCEDURES Dogs were randomly assigned to receive a dry omega-3 fatty acid and protein-enriched dog food formulated to support joint health (test food [TF]), a dry food formulated for maintenance of adult dogs (control food [CF]), TF plus rehabilitation (TF-R), or CF plus rehabilitation (CF-R)...
March 15, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Jude K A des Bordes, Elsa Gonzalez, Maria A Lopez-Olivo, Maithili Shethia, Pratibha Nayak, Maria E Suarez-Almazor
To explore the information needs of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and their acceptance of online resources and Facebook in particular, as a source of information, interaction, and support among peers. Participants were adults with RA of ≤ 10 years duration, had ongoing or prior treatment with disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs or biologic agents, and internet access. We conducted 20 in-depth interviews using semi-structured interview guide to explore: (1) RA information needs, (2) use of self-management health behaviors, (3) use of internet resources for disease management, (4) role of peer support in health self-management, and (5) use of social networking sites (SNS) such as Facebook in disease management...
March 2, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
Bruno K Rodiño-Janeiro, María Vicario, Carmen Alonso-Cotoner, Roberto Pascua-García, Javier Santos
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), one of the most frequent digestive disorders, is characterized by chronic and recurrent abdominal pain and altered bowel habit. The origin seems to be multifactorial and is still not well defined for the different subtypes. Genetic, epigenetic and sex-related modifications of the functioning of the nervous and immune-endocrine supersystems and regulation of brain-gut physiology and bile acid production and absorption are certainly involved. Acquired predisposition may act in conjunction with infectious, toxic, dietary and life event-related factors to enhance epithelial permeability and elicit mucosal microinflammation, immune activation and dysbiosis...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Therapy
Lukas M Vos, Boudewijn Stegenga, A Dennis Stant, Elize H Quik, James Jr Huddleston Slater
AIMS: To determine the cost effectiveness and cost utility of arthrocentesis as an initial treatment for temporomandibular joint (TMJ) arthralgia compared to usual care. METHODS: A two-armed, parallel-design, randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted in the Netherlands from January 2009 to June 2012 that included patients with TMJ arthralgia. Patients were randomly allocated to arthrocentesis (n = 40) or usual care (n = 40) for initial treatment. Arthrocentesis consisted of rinsing the intra-articular space with isotonic saline, and usual care included a soft diet, physical therapy, and splint therapy...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
Mansoor Keshavarz, Maryam Kashanian, Soodabeh Bioos, Yasaman Vazani
wufjhjdkf Background Traditional Persian Medicine (TPM) is an ancient medical system that provides suggestions to improve the health of mothers and children during pregnancy and labor. Persian physicians believed that these instructions made labor easier, safer, and less painful. Methods The present randomized clinical trial was conducted among women at 33-38 weeks of pregnancy in Tehran, Iran. TPM instructions consisted of diet, bathing, and application of oil from the 38th week of pregnancy to the onset of labor...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Peter O Fayemi, Voster Muchenje, Hasan Yetim, Abdulatef Ahhmed
Living with pain is one of the distressing effects of food insecurity and malnutrition among millions of internally displaced persons (IDPs) worldwide. Vulnerability to emotional pain, metabolic imbalance, chronic illnesses and non-communicable diseases by IDPs are associated with stressed livelihood and restricted access to balanced diets in their camps. Tackling the complexity of issues related to internal displacement is challenging as 45% are globally trapped in protracted conditions. In this review, a diet-based intervention is proposed considering the potential benefits of nutrient synergy and analgesic constituents in organ meat...
February 2018: Food Research International
Min Wook So, Sunggun Lee, Seong-Ho Kim
BACKGROUND: Obesity and metabolic abnormalities are important risk factors for knee osteoarthritis (KOA). Recent epidemiologic studies have found that a high glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) diet are associated with a higher risk for metabolic complications and cardiovascular mortality. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the association between dietary GI, dietary GL, and KOA among Korean adults. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study that analyzed data obtained from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2010-2012...
February 7, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Catherine Anne Elliot, Michael John Hamlin
BACKGROUND: A dearth of knowledge exists regarding how multiple health behavior changes made within an exercise prescription programme can improve health parameters. This study aimed to analyse the impact of changing diet and increasing exercise on health improvements among exercise prescription patients. METHODS: In 2016, a representative sample of all enroled New Zealand exercise prescription programme (Green Prescription) patients were surveyed (N = 1488, 29% male, 46% ≥ 60 yr)...
February 8, 2018: BMC Public Health
A Lauro, A D Pinna, E Tossani, V Stanghellini, M Manno, G Caio, L Golfieri, C Zanfi, N Cautero, A Bagni, U Volta, M Di Simone, L Pironi, R F Cogliandro, M Serra, A Venturoli, S Grandi, R De Giorgio
BACKGROUND: Clinical and psychosocial outcomes of a multimodal surgical approach for chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction were analyzed in 24 patients who were followed over a 2- to 12-year period in a single center after surgery or intestinal/multivisceral transplant (CTx). METHODS: The main reasons for surgery were sub-occlusion in surgery and parenteral nutrition-related irreversible complications with chronic intestinal failure in CTx. RESULTS: At the end of follow-up (February 2015), 45...
January 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
H R Harris, A C Eke, J E Chavarro, S A Missmer
STUDY QUESTION: Is there an association between intake of fruits and vegetables and risk of laparoscopically confirmed endometriosis? SUMMARY ANSWER: Higher intake of fruits, particularly citrus fruits, is associated with a lower risk of endometriosis. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Two case-control studies have examined the associations between fruit and vegetable intake and endometriosis risk with contrasting results. Diets rich in fruits and vegetables include higher levels of pro-vitamin A nutrients (alpha-carotene, beta-carotene, beta-cryptoxanthin) and women with endometriosis have been reported to have lower intake of vitamin A than women without endometriosis...
February 1, 2018: Human Reproduction
Prathip Phantumvanit, Yuka Makino, Hiroshi Ogawa, Andrew Rugg-Gunn, Paula Moynihan, Poul Erik Petersen, Wendell Evans, Carlos Alberto Feldens, Edward Lo, Mohammad H Khoshnevisan, Ramon Baez, Benoit Varenne, Tippanart Vichayanrat, Yupin Songpaisan, Margaret Woodward, Siriruk Nakornchai, Chantana Ungchusak
Early Childhood Caries (ECC) is prevalent around the world, but in particular the disease is growing rapidly in low- and middle-income countries in parallel with changing diet and lifestyles. In many countries, ECC is often left untreated, a condition which leads to pain and adversely affects general health, growth and development, and quality of life of children, their families and their communities. Importantly, ECC is also a global public health burden, medically, socially and economically. In many countries, a substantial number of children require general anaesthesia for the treatment of caries in their primary teeth (usually extractions), and this has considerable cost and social implications...
January 30, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Emilie Agardh, Anna-Karin Danielsson, Peter Guban, Anton Lager, Rynaz Rabiee, Peter Allebeck
Previous studies in Sweden have focused on a number of indicators to assess and compare health conditions at regional levels over time. In this study we aimed to give a more complete picture of the health situation in Stockholm County compared to the rest of Sweden, by using the DALY measure (disability-adjusted life years). DALY combines life lost to premature death (YLL) and years lived with disability (YLD) in one measure, and also allow comparisons of fatal and non-fatal conditions. This approach reveals that low back and neck pain and ischemic heart disease dominated the disease burden in 2015...
January 22, 2018: Läkartidningen
Mitra Daneshvar, Nayan Desai, John Andriulli, Matthew Ortman, Eben Eno, Krystal Hunter, Andrea M Russo
Almost 25% of patients with heart failure (HF) have coexisting atrial fibrillation (AF), the latter of which may increase morbidity and mortality. Despite the high prevalence of HF with concomitant AF, this subgroup of patients remains understudied. This study examines gender differences in presentation, treatment and in-hospital outcome of patients with HF and AF. The Get With the Guidelines-Heart Failure (GWTG-HF) database enrolled 6,496 patients with HF who presented to Cooper University Hospital from 2005 to 2012...
January 9, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
Cornelia Bornhauser, Katharina Quack Lötscher, Burkhardt Seifert, Ana Paula Simões-Wüst
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to gain knowledge on the health status of pregnant women in Switzerland, especially their attitude to and decisions about diet, use of medication and consumption of drugs, including alcohol and tobacco. METHODS: Data collected by the consecutive Swiss Health Surveys of 2007 and 2012 on sociodemographic and lifestyle characteristics (including nutrition), type and intake of medication, use of alcohol, tobacco and illicit drugs of the female population were analysed...
December 28, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
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