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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917672/-insomnia-and-habits-to-help-to-fall-asleep-among-adults
#1
Katalin Fusz, Béla Faludi, Dorina Pusztai, Nóra Sebők, András Oláh
INTRODUCTION: The quality of sleep can be influenced by several factors, insomnia in turn has an effect on the state of health. AIM: The aim of our survey is to measure the effects of insomnia, furthermore, the sleep affecting agents and habits to help to fall asleep among adults. METHOD: We collected the online nationwide and the written datas from the South-Transdanubia region, 455 adults filled the questionnaire which contains the Athens Insomnia Scale...
December 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906932/polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-and-chronic-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Jesus Prego-Dominguez, Fatine Hadrya, Bahi Takkouche
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is one of the most frequent disease symptoms and represents a global health problem with a considerable economic burden. The role of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in chronic pain conditions was debated during the last decade with conflicting results. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether polyunsaturated fatty acids intake is useful as a preventive or curative tool in chronic pain. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis...
November 2016: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898075/maternal-high-fat-diet-prevents-developmental-programming-by-early-life-stress
#3
M Rincel, A L Lépinay, P Delage, J Fioramonti, V S Théodorou, S Layé, M Darnaudéry
Anxiety disorders and depression are well-documented in subjects exposed to adverse childhood events. Recently, maternal obesity and/or maternal consumption of high-fat diets (HFD) have been also proposed as risk factors for offspring mental health. Here using an animal model in rats, we explored the combinatorial effects of a maternal HFD (40% of energy from fat without impact on maternal weight; during gestation and lactation) and maternal separation (MS) in offspring. In the prefrontal cortex (PFC) of pups, MS led to changes in the expression of several genes such as Bdnf (brain derived neurotrophic factor), 5HT-r1a (serotonin receptor 1a) and Rest4 (neuron-restrictive silencer element, repressor element 1, silencing transcription factor (Rest), splicing variant 4)...
November 29, 2016: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825373/trends-in-body-image-of-adolescent-females-in-metropolitan-and-non-metropolitan-regions-a-longitudinal-study
#4
M Craike, J A Young, C M Symons, M D Pain, J T Harvey, R M Eime, W R Payne
BACKGROUND: Body dissatisfaction is associated with a range of adverse outcomes, including impaired psychological health, low physical activity and disordered eating. This longitudinal study used the Factors Influencing Transitions in Girls' Active Leisure and Sport (FITGALS) dataset to examine trends in body image of adolescent females. Specifically, the study examined satisfaction with body size, physical appearance and dieting behaviour for two cohorts at transitional life phases in two geographic regions longitudinally over a 3-year period...
November 8, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810257/-clinical-practice-guidelines-irritable-bowel-syndrome-with-constipation-and-functional-constipation-in-adults-concept-diagnosis-and-healthcare-continuity-part-1-of-2
#5
F Mearin, C Ciriza, M Mínguez, E Rey, J J Mascort, E Peña, P Cañones, J Júdez
In this Clinical practice guide, an analysis is made of the diagnosis and treatment of adult patients with constipation and abdominal discomfort, under the spectrum of irritable bowel syndrome and functional constipation. These have an important personal, health and social impact, affecting the quality of life of these patients. In irritable bowel syndrome with a predominance of constipation, this is the predominant change in bowel movements, with recurrent abdominal pain, bloating and frequent abdominal distension...
October 31, 2016: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786585/what-physical-health-means-to-me-perspectives-of-people-with-mental-illness
#6
Brenda Happell, Stephanie B Ewart, Chris Platania-Phung, Julia Bocking, Brett Scholz, Robert Stanton
There are significant inequalities in physical health and life expectancy between people with and without a mental illness. Understanding perspectives of people with mental illness on personal meanings of physical health is essential to ensuring health services are aligned with consumer understandings, needs, and values. A qualitative exploratory study was undertaken involving focus groups with 31 consumers in The Australian Capital Territory, Australia. Participants were asked: "What does physical health mean to you?" Thematic analysis was applied to interview transcripts...
October 27, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735992/dietary-fats-and-osteoarthritis-insights-evidences-and-new-horizons
#7
Sunderajhan Sekar, Ross Crawford, Yin Xiao, Indira Prasadam
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a progressive, age-related disease characterized by the degradation of the cartilage, abnormal bone remodeling, and joint pain eventually leading to disability. The occurrence of clinically diagnosed OA and the incidence of disability show geographic variations, which suggests that lifestyle and factors such as diet play a vital role in the formation and progression of OA. Obesity is associated with a state of low-grade inflammation and increased plasma concentrations of fatty acids such as the saturated fatty acids (SFA)...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725652/a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-the-low-fodmap-diet-vs-modified-nice-guidelines-in-us-adults-with-ibs-d
#8
Shanti L Eswaran, William D Chey, Theresa Han-Markey, Sarah Ball, Kenya Jackson
OBJECTIVES: There has been an increasing interest in the role of fermentable oligo-, di-, and monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAPs) in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). We report results from the first randomized controlled trial of the low FODMAP diet in US adults with IBS and diarrhea (IBS-D). The objectives were to compare the efficacy of the low FODMAP diet vs. a diet based upon modified National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidelines (mNICE) on overall and individual symptoms in IBS-D patients...
December 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681479/how-do-australians-living-with-ms-experience-oral-health-and-accessing-dental-care-a-focus-group-study
#9
K Pateman, N Cockburn, J Campbell, P J Ford
OBJECTIVES: The symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS) can affect oral care and access to dental services, but there is limited literature describing the oral health and perceived oral healthcare needs of people with MS. This study aimed to explore the oral health experiences, oral health behaviours and barriers to accessing dental care perceived by people living with MS in Australia. METHODS: Six focus groups were held across two metropolitan areas (Brisbane, Queensland and Melbourne, Victoria) and one regional area (Toowoomba, Queensland)...
September 28, 2016: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680996/adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-is-associated-with-better-quality-of-life-data-from-the-osteoarthritis-initiative
#10
Nicola Veronese, Brendon Stubbs, Marianna Noale, Marco Solmi, Claudio Luchini, Stefania Maggi
BACKGROUND: The Mediterranean diet has positively influenced various medical conditions, but only a paucity of studies has considered the relation between the Mediterranean diet and quality of life (QOL) among people living in North America. OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether a higher adherence to the Mediterranean diet (aMED) was associated with better QOL and decreased pain, stiffness, disability, and depression in a large cohort of North Americans from the Osteoarthritis Initiative...
November 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665418/physical-and-social-factors-associated-with-early-adolescent-headache-and-stomachache-pain
#11
Benjamin Fife, Renata Forste
PURPOSE: Approximately one third of adolescents in the United States report experiencing frequent headaches and stomachaches. We examined the association of psychosocial and physical factors with the report of weekly headaches or stomachaches using a representative sample of US teens. METHODS: Data for this project are from the survey of Health Behavior in School-Aged Children (HBSC), 2005-2006, a nationally representative sample of students in grades 6-10 in the United States...
September 26, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603026/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-socially-endangered-persons-in-copenhagen-denmark
#12
Esben Boeskov Øzhayat, Peter Østergaard, Klaus Gotfredsen
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to investigate and describe the Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) in a socially endangered group of people and to compare the OHRQoL to other patient groups. MATERIAL AND METHODS: About 294 socially endangered persons attending a volunteer clinic in Copenhagen Denmark filled in the OHIP-14 questionnaire. The group was compared in mean score and reported problems to a group of patients with tooth loss and about to have a removable dental prosthesis (RDP), a group with tooth loss about to have a fixed dental prosthesis (FDP) and a control group without tooth loss...
September 7, 2016: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579305/social-determinants-of-chronic-prostatitis-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome-related-lifestyle-and-behaviors-among-urban-men-in-china-a-case-control-study
#13
Yan Wang, Chen Chen, Changcai Zhu, Liang Chen, Qingrong Han, Huarong Ye
Purpose. In order to find key risk factors of chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) among urban men in China, an age-matched case-control study was performed from September 2012 to May 2013 in Yichang, Hubei Province, China. Methodology. A total of 279 patients and 558 controls were recruited in this study. Data were collected by a self-administered questionnaire, including demographics, diet and lifestyle, psychological status, and a physical exam. Conditional logistic regression model was used to analyze collected data...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548732/the-effects-of-a-gluten-free-diet-versus-a-hypocaloric-diet-among-patients-with-fibromyalgia-experiencing-gluten-sensitivity-like-symptoms-a-pilot-open-label-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Mahmoud Slim, Elena P Calandre, Juan M Garcia-Leiva, Fernando Rico-Villademoros, Rocio Molina-Barea, Carmen M Rodriguez-Lopez, Piedad Morillas-Arques
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Patients with fibromyalgia frequently present with symptoms similar to those experienced by patients with gluten-related disorders, raising the possibility that a subgroup of these patients could be experiencing underlying gluten sensitivity. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a gluten-free diet (GFD) compared with a hypocaloric diet (HCD) among patients with fibromyalgia. METHODS: Adult patients diagnosed with fibromyalgia were randomly allocated to receive a GFD or a HCD over a 24-week period...
August 19, 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27539269/poor-mental-health-status-and-its-associations-with-demographic-characteristics-and-chronic-diseases-in-chinese-elderly
#15
Shibin Wang, Bo Li, Gabor S Ungvari, Chee H Ng, Helen F K Chiu, Changgui Kou, Yawen Liu, Yuchun Tao, Yanhua Wu, Yingli Fu, Yue Qi, Yaqin Yu, Yu-Tao Xiang
OBJECTIVE: Although poor mental health is associated with significant personal and societal burden, it is rarely reported in older Chinese populations. This study examined the mental health status of a large representative sample of Chinese elderly in relation to socio-demographic characteristics, lifestyle, and chronic diseases. METHODS: Multistage stratified cluster sampling was used in this cross-sectional study. A total of 4115 people aged between 60 and 79 years were selected and interviewed with standardized assessment tools...
October 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516668/gingivitis-from-the-viewpoint-of-traditional-persian-medicine
#16
Massih Sedigh-Rahimabadi, Mesbah Shams, Mohammadmehdi Fani, Mahsa Rostami Chijan
BACKGROUND: Gingivitis is among the top general health problems in the world, especially in developing countries. Meanwhile, it may be associated with pulmonary and cardiovascular diseases. In a qualitative study, we tried to identify the corresponding terminology to gingivitis in traditional Persian medicine (TPM) and to explain its potential mechanisms, treatments, and prevention characteristics. METHODS: In a literature review, 4 modern textbooks and 18 related articles, 2 traditional medical dictionaries and 12 traditional medical and 4 traditional pharmaceutical texts were assessed by a specific method...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27506537/what-are-the-top-10-research-questions-in-the-treatment-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-priority-setting-partnership-with-the-james-lind-alliance
#17
Ailsa L Hart, Miranda Lomer, Azmina Verjee, Karen Kemp, Omar Faiz, Ann Daly, Julie Solomon, John McLaughlin
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Many uncertainties remain regarding optimal therapies and strategies for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease. Setting research priorities addressing therapies requires a partnership between health care professionals, patients and organisations supporting patients. We aimed to use the structure of the James Lind Alliance Priority Setting Partnership, which has been used in other disease areas, to identify and prioritise unanswered questions about treatments for inflammatory bowel disease...
August 9, 2016: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27495070/the-suitability-of-the-gerdyzer-instrument-in-ph-test-proven-laryngopharyngeal-reflux-patients
#18
Cheng-Pin Wu, Wen-Miin Liang, Chen-Chi Wang, Chi-Sen Chang, Hong-Zen Yeh, Jeng-Yuan Hsu, Chung-Wang Ko, Shou-Wu Lee, Shu-Chuan Chang, Fung-Chang Sung, Han-Chung Lien
The use of validated patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments for the treatment outcome measure of laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) is crucial given the lack of objective markers. However, current symptom-based PRO instruments can only partially capture the impact of LPR. The GERD Analyzer (GERDyzer), an existing disease-specific PRO instrument, which measures multidimensional health-related quality of life (HRQL) affected by the illness rather than by any specific symptoms, has been validated in patients with erosive gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27382323/efficacy-of-the-low-fodmap-diet-for-treating-irritable-bowel-syndrome-the-evidence-to-date
#19
REVIEW
Wathsala S Nanayakkara, Paula Ml Skidmore, Leigh O'Brien, Tim J Wilkinson, Richard B Gearry
This review summarizes the published clinical studies concerning the management of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) using restriction of Fermentable Oligosaccharide, Disaccharide, Monosaccharide, and Polyols in the diet (low FODMAP diet). In recent years, the data supporting low FODMAP diet for the management of IBS symptoms have emerged, including several randomized controlled trials, case-control studies, and other observational studies. Unlike most dietary manipulations tried in the past to alleviate gastrointestinal symptoms of IBS, all studies on low FODMAP diet have consistently shown symptomatic benefits in the majority of patients with IBS...
2016: Clinical and Experimental Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27312250/lifestyle-changes-at-middle-age-and-mortality-a-population-based-prospective-cohort-study
#20
Paula Berstad, Edoardo Botteri, Inger Kristin Larsen, Magnus Løberg, Mette Kalager, Øyvind Holme, Michael Bretthauer, Geir Hoff
BACKGROUND: The effect of modifying lifestyle at middle age on mortality has been sparsely examined. METHODS: Men and women aged 50-54 years randomised to the control group (no intervention) in the population-based Norwegian Colorectal Cancer Prevention trial were asked to fill in lifestyle questionnaires in 2001 and 2004. Lifestyle scores were estimated ranging from 0 (poorest) to 4 (best) based on health recommendations (non-smoking, daily physical activity, body mass index <25...
June 16, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
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