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Geriatric medicine and cultural gerontology

Desmond O'Neill
T.S. Eliot once proposed that there were two sorts of problems in life. One prompted the question, 'What are we going to do about it?' and the other provoked the questions, 'What does it mean? How does one relate to it?' Geriatric medicine, an eminently practical specialty, has concentrated with good effect on the former but with notable exceptions has yet to devote significant time to the latter. Into this breach has developed an innovative and exciting movement in gerontology to provide a deeper and more comprehensive insight into the meaning of ageing...
May 2015: Age and Ageing
Michael A Flatt, Richard A Settersten, Roselle Ponsaran, Jennifer R Fishman
OBJECTIVES: This article analyzes data from interviews with anti-aging practitioners to evaluate how their descriptions of the work they do, their definitions of aging, and their goals for their patients intersect with gerontological views of "successful aging." METHOD: Semistructured interviews were conducted with a sample of 31 anti-aging practitioners drawn from the directory of the American Academy for Anti-Aging Medicine. RESULTS: Qualitative analysis of the transcripts demonstrate that practitioners' descriptions of their goals, intentionally or unintentionally, mimic the dominant models of "successful aging...
November 2013: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Ulla Kriebernegg
This article broaches the topic of biogerontology as presented in Gary Shteyngart's dystopic novel Super Sad True Love Story(2010) from the perspective of cultural and literary gerontology and examines how the novel manages to challenge predominant discourses in the field of scientific anti-aging studies, especially the notion that old age is a disease that can be cured. It compares the novel's presentation of biogerontological knowledge to current developments in the field, using Cambridge biogerontologist and immortality prophet Aubrey de Grey's book Ending Aging(2007) as an example...
January 2013: Journal of Aging Studies
Hidenori Arai, Yasuyoshi Ouchi, Masayuki Yokode, Hideki Ito, Hiroshi Uematsu, Fumio Eto, Shinichi Oshima, Kikuko Ota, Yasushi Saito, Hidetada Sasaki, Kazuo Tsubota, Hidenao Fukuyama, Yoshihito Honda, Akihisa Iguchi, Kenji Toba, Takayuki Hosoi, Toru Kita
UNLABELLED: 1. BACKGROUND: Recent medical advancements, and improvements in hygiene and food supply have led to Japan having the longest life expectancy in the world. Over the past 50 years, the percentage of the elderly population has increased fourfold from 5.7% in 1960 to 23.1% in 2010. This change has occurred at the fastest rate in the world. Compared with France, where the percentage of the elderly population has increased just twofold in the past 100 years, Japanese society is aging at an unprecedented rate...
January 2012: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Robin Y Wood, Karen K Giuliano, Candace U Bignell, Whitney W Pritham
The Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), originally designed to screen for dementia, is an instrument currently used extensively to assess cognitive status in clinical and community settings. This descriptive study compares standard MMSE scores to MMSE scores adjusted for age and education in a sample of 414 elderly Black and White women living independently in communities. After scores were adjusted, 14 participants (all Black) were moved from categories of mild cognitive impairment to unimpaired cognitive ability...
April 2006: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
Luiz E Garcez-Leme, Mariana Deckers Leme, David V Espino
Brazil has approximately 180 million inhabitants, of whom 15.2 million are aged 60 and older and 1.9 million are aged 80 and older. By 2025, the Brazilian elderly population is expected to grow to more than 32 million. Brazil has many problems related to its geographic and population size. Great distances between major cities, marked cultural and racial heterogeneity between the various geographic regions, high poverty levels, and decreasing family size all combine to put pressure on the medical and social services that can be made available to the elder population...
November 2005: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Crystal F Simpson, Samuel C Durso, Linda P Fried, Thomasina Bailey, Cynthia M Boyd, John Burton
The Division of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology at the Johns Hopkins University strives to create a workforce that represents the racial, ethnic, and sex diversity of U.S. society. To that end, the division has developed a summer program for underrepresented minority first-year medical students to expose them to geriatric medicine and research. The ultimate aim of this initiative is to recruit students to academic medicine, specifically geriatric medicine, where they are drastically underrepresented. Nineteen students participated in the program from the summer of 2002 to the summer of 2004...
September 2005: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Debbie Tolson, Marie McAloon, Rhona Hotchkiss, Irene Schofield
AIMS: This paper presents findings from telephone interviews completed with link nurses 2 years into the project to explore how participation progressed achievement of evidence-based practice where the link nurses worked. BACKGROUND: In 2001, an innovative practice development initiative was launched in Scotland. A national network of experienced nurses from across the country was recruited to form the inaugural Community of Practice. This involved describing gerontological nursing, pioneering a nurse-sensitive methodology to craft care guidance that reflects the agreed practice model, and constructing a virtual college based on a situated learning model...
April 2005: Journal of Advanced Nursing
P Rumeau, B Vellas
Dysphagia is most common in geriatric medicine. Aspirations may cause chronic inflammatory syndrome or acute pneumonia or heart failure. At-risk patients should be recognised: some risks are caused by an acute condition, some by chronic disease or handicap. Alzheimer's disease is the most common at-risk condition; it is causes a loss of the conscious part of mastication and early swallowing. Psychiatric disorders with anorexia should not be overlooked as a cause for dysphagia and malnutrition. Due to a longer life, elderly people are more likely to have multiple causes for dysphagia...
2003: Revue de Laryngologie—Otologie—Rhinologie
P A Shuler, R Huebscher, J Hallock
PURPOSE: To present an application of The Shuler Nurse Practitioner Practice Model with elderly patients through use of a gerontological wholistic assessment and the utilization of the model in developing a treatment plan and evaluating patient outcomes. DATA SOURCES: Selected literature from nursing and medicine, including natural, alternative, and complementary (NAC) therapies, as well as the authors' personal experiences. CONCLUSIONS: Providing health care services to the elderly involves recognition of not only physical ailments, but also an awareness of how functional status, psychological condition, social support, environmental conditions and cultural, as well as spiritual beliefs, shape the total health care needs of this vulnerable group...
July 2001: Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners
C Resende Oliveira
This review presents an analysis of the current state of gerontological and geriatric research in Portugal, and highlights the need for a national consensus and funding for age-related research projects. Such efforts must be multidisciplinary, since the process of aging encompasses biological, psychological, social, economic and cultural aspects. Demographic studies reveal a growing population of elderly in Portugal as a result of a healthier population in general. This increased life expectancy, however, is accompanied by a parallel increase in degenerative pathologies and care costs among the elderly...
November 2001: Experimental Gerontology
G Schettler
The number of old people in our society is strongly increasing. In 1960 1.4 percent of the German population were older than 80 years, in 1993 this percentage was 3.8. 4000 persons older than 100 years are living in Germany today. A great number of these old people are ill and in need of help, often being multimorbid. It has to be the task of geriatrics to increase the number of symptom-free years and to relieve arising diseases.--Cardiovascular and cancer diseases--the leading diseases in our society--are for the most part caused and maintained by external factors...
June 1, 1996: Versicherungsmedizin
A Kment
Aging is a physiological process. The experimental gerontology is substantially a purely theoretical science. In the future, however, it will attain increasingly more significance for many fields of medicine. After presenting a survey covering the most important theories of aging it is shortly entered into the efforts to establish a mathematical model of multicellular aging (Beier, Brehme and Wiegel 1973). Furthermore an introduction is given into a longitudinal program (3 years) of the own experimental-gerontological research using about 1000 Sprague-Dawley rats and age parameters...
March 1976: Aktuelle Gerontologie
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