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MCT Hair

Hossein Shareh
BACKGROUND: Not all patients suffering from trichotillomania (TTM) recover completely using CBT and of those that do, only a few maintain their recovery over time. AIMS: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effectiveness of metacognitive methods combined with habit reversal (MCT/HRT) in trichotillomania with a relatively long-term follow-up. METHOD: A case series (n = 8) and a randomized wait-list controlled trial (n = 34) design were conducted in this study...
January 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
Fei Luo, Zhonglan Zou, Xinlu Liu, Min Ling, Qingling Wang, Qi Wang, Lu Lu, Le Shi, Yonglian Liu, Qizhan Liu, Aihua Zhang
Arsenite is well established as a human carcinogen, but the molecular mechanisms leading to arsenite-induced carcinogenesis are complex and elusive. Accelerated glycolysis, a common process in tumor cells called the Warburg effect, is associated with various biological phenomena. However, the role of glycolysis induced by arsenite is unknown. We have found that, with chronic exposure to arsenite, L-02 cells undergo a metabolic shift to glycolysis. In liver cells exposed to arsenite, hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and monocarboxylate transporter-4 (MCT-4) are over-expressed...
June 1, 2017: Carcinogenesis
Yohei Kawaguchi, Hiroko Mizuno, Mai Horikawa, Mayuko Kano, Kengo Yamada, Fumiko Yamakawa, Takashi Maekawa, Yuto Yamazaki, Keely M McNamara, Hironobu Sasano, Masayuki Hayashi
Mature cystic teratoma (MCT) is rarely involved in the overproduction of steroid hormones in contrast to sex cord stromal tumors. A 31-year-old woman visited our hospital with hirsutism, hoarseness, and hair loss from the scalp. Serum testosterone and free-testosterone levels were 7.3 ng/ml and 2.3 pg/ml, respectively, which were markedly in excess of the age adjusted female standard levels. Basal blood levels of steroid hormones and serum levels of 17-hydroxyprogesterone at 1 h after intravenous injection of adrenocorticotropic hormone demonstrated that 21-hydroxylase deficiency was not the underlying cause of her virilization...
February 2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
Chiharu Ishida, Akira Iwase, Satoko Osuka, Maki Goto, Sachiko Takikawa, Tomoko Nakamura, Tomomi Kotani, Fumitaka Kikkawa
Pentraxin 3 (PTX3) is an inflammatory mediator that is released by a wide range of tissues and cells. Elevated PTX3 levels may represent a useful diagnostic and/or prognostic marker for a number of diseases. The purpose of this study was to investigate serum PTX3 levels in benign gynecological conditions including mature cystic teratomas (MCTs), endometriomas, and uterine leiomyomas. Serum PTX3 levels of the MCT group were found to be significantly higher compared to those of the other groups, including healthy controls (p = 0...
September 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
B Cakmak, M Nacar, Z Ozsoy, N Aliyev, D Koseoglu
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between pathological findings and clinical features in patients with ovarian mature cystic teratomas (MCTs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed and compared the demographic and clinical features of 32 patients confirmed pathologically as having MCT at a university hospital from 2009 to 2014, with MCT contents such as skin, hair, sebum, and cartilage. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 33...
March 2015: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
E F Leidinger, K Freeman, G Kirtz, E H Hooijberg, K Sick
OBJECTIVE: An increased risk of mast cell tumours (MCT) in certain breeds has been described repeatedly in the literature. The incidence of MCTs for registered breeds in Austria, an estimate of the risk by means of the odds ratios based on breed as well as the anatomic localisation of MCTs were examined. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the first part of the study, the ranking of breeds in Austria based on 147,802 dogs with known breed (including mixed breed) was determined, based on those dogs included in the laboratory data base from 2000 to 2010...
2014: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
J W Elliott, P Cripps, L Blackwood, D Berlato, S Murphy, I A Grant
Mast cell tumours (MCTs) are the most common cutaneous tumours of dogs, however rarely they can arise from the oral mucosa. This subset of MCT is reported to demonstrate a more aggressive clinical course than those tumours on the haired skin and the authors hypothesised that dogs with oral, mucosal MCT would have a high incidence of local lymph node metastasis at presentation and that this would be a negative prognostic factor. An additional hypothesis was that mitotic index (MI) would be prognostic. This retrospective study examines 33 dogs with MCTs arising from the oral mucosa...
March 2016: Veterinary and Comparative Oncology
Masaaki Takai, Masanori Kanemura, Hiroshi Kawaguchi, Satoe Fujiwara, Saha Yoo, Yoshimichi Tanaka, Satoshi Tsunetoh, Yoshito Terai, Takashi Yamada, Masahide Ohmichi
UNLABELLED: HASH(0x4612cc0) BACKGROUND: Mature cystic teratomas (MCTs) are the most common germ cell tumors of the ovary. Malignant tranformation occurs in 1-2% of these neoplasms. Although most of the malignancies arising from MCTs are squamous cell carcinomas, adenocarcinoma of the gastrointestinal type is extremery rare. We herein present a case of adenocarcinoma of the intestinal type arising from a MCT. CASE: A 49-year-old female underwent surgery for a left ovarian tumor...
December 5, 2012: Journal of Ovarian Research
Wei Song, Michael Conner
Malignant transformation in a mature cystic teratoma (MCT) is rare, with a reported incidence of approximately 1% to 3%. To our knowledge, no case has been reported previously with the invasion of malignant tumor of MCT into the adjacent small intestine. We report a case of squamous cell carcinoma arising within a MCT and invading into the adjacent small bowel. The patient is a 73-yr-old African American woman who noted the presence of a relatively asymptomatic abdominal mass over the past 40 yr. The mass had become more symptomatic over the past several months, with right-sided abdominal pain and constipation...
May 2012: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
David S Sharlin, Theo J Visser, Douglas Forrest
Thyroid hormone is essential for the development of the cochlea and auditory function. Cochlear response tissues, which express thyroid hormone receptor β (encoded by Thrb), include the greater epithelial ridge and sensory epithelium residing inside the bony labyrinth. However, these response tissues lack direct blood flow, implying that mechanisms exist to shuttle hormone from the circulation to target tissues. Therefore, we investigated expression of candidate thyroid hormone transporters L-type amino acid transporter 1 (Lat1), monocarboxylate transporter (Mct)8, Mct10, and organic anion transporting polypeptide 1c1 (Oatp1c1) in mouse cochlear development by in situ hybridization and immunofluorescence analysis...
December 2011: Endocrinology
Seth Isaacs, Samer Fakhri, Amber Luong, Chad Whited, Martin J Citardi
BACKGROUND: Biofilm formation has been implicated as an etiologic factor in the development of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Nasal irrigation with surfactants including dilute baby shampoo have been proposed as an antibiofilm treatment for CRS patients. The effect of dilute baby shampoo on normal sinonasal mucosal function is unknown. METHODS: Mucociliary clearance time (MCT), as measured by the time in minutes for a subject to detect a sweet taste after the application of a saccharin granules at the anterior part of the inferior turbinate, was performed before and shortly after nasal irrigation with 50 ml of 1% baby shampoo (Johnson & Johnson, New Brunswick, NJ) in 27 healthy volunteers...
January 2011: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
Jeong-Yeol Park, Dae-Yeon Kim, Jong-Hyeok Kim, Yong-Man Kim, Young-Tak Kim, Joo-Hyun Nam
OBJECTIVES: Malignant transformation of mature cystic teratoma (MCT) of ovary is very rare. Therefore, the clinicopathologic characteristics, treatment and prognostic factors are not yet well established. The aim of this study was to review our experience with this malignancy and previously published reports in the literature. STUDY DESIGN: A review of pathologic reports for 2019 patients with ovarian MCT and 937 patients with primary ovarian cancer who were treated at the Asan Medical Center, Korea, from 1989 to 2007 identified 16 patients with malignant transformation from MCT...
December 2008: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Wang Ying, Hao Fei, Deng Jun, Yang Xi-chuan, Zhong Bai-yu, Ye Qing-yi
OBJECTIVE: To study the reversible transfection of human melanocytes mediated by simian virus 40 large T antigen (SV40LTAg) and Cre/loxP site-specific recombination system. METHODS: The reconstructed SV40LTAg-EGFP-neo-loxP vector was transfected into primary cultured human melanocytes with Sofast(TM) transfection reagent and the positive cells were selected using G418. After expanding culture of these positive cell clones, the expression of SV40LTAg was detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and immunofluorescent method...
May 2007: Experimental Dermatology
R Lessig, J Edelmann
The introduction of new methods in forensic diagnostics, especially serological techniques, including the use of individual markers for identification is becoming increasingly important. The DNA techniques are particularly promising and dental tissue, especially dental pulp, is a good source of DNA because it is well protected against autolysis. Gc-subtyping and application of DNA techniques for identification were reported in 1992 and show the efficacy of PCR systems for the individualisation of dental tissues...
June 1995: Journal of Forensic Odonto-stomatology
C Guinet, M A Ghossain, J N Buy, L Malbec, D Hugol, J B Truc, D Vadrot
OBJECTIVE: To correlate CT and MR patterns of ovarian mature cystic teratomas (MCT). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: CT and MR findings in 25 histologically proven ovarian MCT were retrospectively reviewed. MCT characterization at CT and MR was based on detection of fat and/or a Rokitansky protuberance. MR signal intensity and CT density numbers of fat were correlated. RESULTS: At pathology, 24/25 tumors contained fat, 1/25 a water content, and 23/25 a Rokitansky protuberance...
July 1995: European Journal of Radiology
J A Deyo, N I Kerkvliet
Monocrotaline (MCT) is a member of a class of compounds known as pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs). PAs are found in the leaves and seeds of a variety of plant species. The potential intoxication of livestock and man through the ingestion of contaminated grains and other foods makes PAs a significant toxicological concern. MCT exposure in rats results in lesions to hepatic and cardiopulmonary tissues as well as alterations in lymphoid organ cellularity. However, no previous studies have investigated MCT-induced functional alterations in the immune system...
May 1990: Fundamental and Applied Toxicology: Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
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