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transition to adulthood AND latino

Joseph C Engeda, Katelyn M Holliday, Shakia T Hardy, Sujatro Chakladar, Dan-Yu Lin, Gregory A Talavera, Barbara V Howard, Martha L Daviglus, Amber Pirzada, Pamela J Schreiner, Donglin Zeng, Christy L Avery
To examine the ability of total cholesterol (TC), a low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) proxy widely used in public health initiatives, to capture important population-level shifts away from ideal and intermediate LDL-C throughout adulthood. We estimated age (≥20 years)-, race/ethnic (Caucasian, African American, and Hispanic/Latino)-, and sex- specific net transition probabilities between ideal, intermediate, and poor TC and LDL-C using National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2007-2014; N = 13,584) and Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (2008-2011; N = 15,612) data in 2016 and validated and calibrated novel Markov-type models designed for cross-sectional data...
February 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
Sean D Cleary, Ryan Snead, Daniela Dietz-Chavez, Ivonne Rivera, Mark C Edberg
While research has demonstrated an association between trauma and mental health, this study examined the association between trauma experienced premigration, during migration, and postmigration, and current mental health status among Latino youth aged 12-17 years old living in the US for < 3 years. Participants reported traumatic events experienced in their home country, during migration, and after settling in the US. Regression models examined trauma experienced at each stage of the migration process predicting current levels of depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Gregory Swann, Emily Bettin, Antonia Clifford, Michael E Newcomb, Brian Mustanski
INTRODUCTION: Cross-sectional research has found that young men who have sex with men (YMSM) are more likely to engage in heavy drinking and to have higher rates of marijuana and other illicit drug use compared to their heterosexual peers, but considerably less is known about their patterns of substance use over time. METHODS: In this study, we combined two longitudinal samples of racially diverse YMSM (N=552) and modeled their substance use trajectories from late-adolescence to young adulthood, including their frequency of alcohol use, frequency of marijuana use, and poly-drug use, using piecewise latent curve growth modeling to model change from ages 17-21 and change from ages 22-24...
September 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Parissa J Ballard
The transition from adolescence to adulthood is formative for civic development. Unfortunately, many adolescents from Latino and Asian backgrounds experience discrimination, which can alienate them from civic life. This study employed cross-lagged structural equation modeling to test the bidirectional links between perceived discrimination and civic beliefs and activism among Latino and Asian late adolescents (N = 400, Mage = 17.34, 61% female). Civic beliefs (i.e., believing that the government is unresponsive) and civic activism (i...
December 2016: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
Katelyn M Holliday, Dan Yu Lin, Sujatro Chakladar, Sheila F Castañeda, Martha L Daviglus, Kelly R Evenson, David X Marquez, Qibin Qi, Christina M Shay, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Denise C Vidot, Donglin Zeng, Christy L Avery
Understanding demographic differences in transitions across physical activity (PA) levels is important for informing PA-promoting interventions, yet few studies have examined these transitions in contemporary multi-ethnic adult populations. We estimated age-, race/ethnicity-, and sex-specific 1-year net transition probabilities (NTPs) for National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2007-2012, n=11,556) and Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (2008-2011, n=15,585) adult participants using novel Markov-type state transition models developed for cross-sectional data...
April 2017: Preventive Medicine
Robert J Sampson, Robert D Mare, Kristin L Perkins
This article focuses on stability and change in "mixed middle-income" neighborhoods. We first analyze variation across nearly two decades for all neighborhoods in the United States and in the Chicago area, particularly. We then analyze a new longitudinal study of almost 700 Chicago adolescents over an 18-year span, including the extent to which they are exposed to different neighborhood income dynamics during the transition to young adulthood. The concentration of income extremes is persistent among neighborhoods, generally, but mixed middle-income neighborhoods are more fluid...
July 2015: Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
Jodi L Ford, Christopher R Browning
The immune system plays a critical role in the prevention of infectious and chronic disease. We investigate associations between exposure to neighborhood immigrant concentration across the transition from adolescence to adulthood and immune function among Latino young adults, including moderation by nativity. Data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (1994-2008) were analyzed. Immune function was measured via Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) antibody levels (higher levels indicate impaired immune function) among EBV-positive Latino adults (N=1130)...
March 2015: Health & Place
Rebecca M Callahan, Kathryn M Obenchain
PURPOSE: Prior research suggests that high school experiences shape young adult political behaviors, particularly among immigrant youth. The U.S. social studies classroom, focused on democratic citizenship education, proves an interesting socializing institution. METHODS: Through qualitative inquiry, we interviewed Latino immigrant young adults and their former teachers regarding their high school social studies experiences and evolving political and civic engagement...
2013: Sociological Studies of Children and Youth
Jeanne-Marie R Stacciarini, Rebekah Felicia Smith, Brenda Wiens, Awilda Pérez, Barbara Locke, Melody LaFlam
Growing up as an undocumented immigrant and transitioning to "illegal" adulthood can expose the person to adverse social determinants, which can detrimentally affect mental health by acting as chronic stressors. Although there have been several attempts to reform immigration, none have been entirely successful. Recently, the Dream Act and the path toward citizenship may be important steps for reducing mental health disparities among the undocumented, immigrant population. This case report will describe the experiences of one Latino "dreamer", reveal the effects of an undocumented status on mental health, and posit future directions for mental health promotion in this vulnerable population...
August 2015: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Richard A Settersten, Jack K Day, Doris Cancel-Tirado, Debra Minar Driscoll
This chapter explores how fatherhood prompts struggle and growth in the psychological, social, and economic changes associated with the transition to adulthood. Little is known about these connections, especially for disadvantaged Latino and White fathers who live in small and mid-sized American communities. We draw on eight in-depth focus groups with 48 fathers (27 Latino and 21 White) who have children in low-income schools in a small and mid-sized American community. These men face significant challenges in establishing themselves at work-a central task of both adulthood and fatherhood-and in balancing these demands alongside the strong expectation that they also be involved fathers...
March 2014: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
Myriam Forster, Stephanie R Dyal, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati, Chih-Ping Chou, Daniel W Soto, Jennifer B Unger
OBJECTIVES: This article examines the antecedents and consequences of bullying victimization among a sample of Hispanic high school students. Although cultural and familial variables have been examined as potential risk or protective factors for substance use and depression, previous studies have not examined the role of peer victimization in these processes. We evaluated a conceptual model in which cultural and familial factors influenced the risk of victimization, which in turn influenced the risk of substance use and depression...
2013: Ethnicity & Health
Mae Lynn Reyes-Rodríguez, Carmen L Rivera-Medina, Luis Cámara-Fuentes, Alba Suárez-Torres, Guillermo Bernal
BACKGROUND: The transition from adolescence to adulthood is associated with stressful adaptation experiences that may increase symptoms of depression. We explored the prevalence and sex differences of depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation in freshmen Latino college students in Puerto Rico, and identified stressful life events that could contribute to symptoms of depression. METHODS: Two thousand one hundred sixty-three freshmen college students from the University of Puerto Rico (UPR) public education system were assessed for depression symptoms using the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and stressful life events using open questions...
March 5, 2013: Journal of Affective Disorders
Jacinda K Dariotis, Frangiscos Sifakis, Joseph H Pleck, Nan M Astone, Freya L Sonenstein
CONTEXT: Racial and ethnic health disparities are an important issue in the United States. The extent to which racial and ethnic differences in STDs among youth are related to differences in socioeconomic characteristics and risky sexual behaviors requires investigation. METHODS: Data from three waves of the National Survey of Adolescent Males (1988, 1990-1991 and 1995) were used to examine 1,880 young men's history of STDs and their patterns and trajectories of sexual risk behavior during adolescence and early adulthood...
March 2011: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
Larry J Nelson, Laura M Padilla-Walker, Katherine J Christensen, Cortney A Evans, Jason S Carroll
The changing nature of the transition to adulthood in western societies, such as the United States, may be extending the length of time parents are engaged in "parenting" activities. However, little is known about different approaches parents take in their interactions with their emerging-adult children. Hence, this study attempted to identify different clusters of parents based on the extent to which they exhibited both extremes of control (psychological control, punishment, verbal hostility, indulgence) and responsiveness (knowledge, warmth, induction, autonomy granting), and to examine how combinations of parenting were related to emerging adult children's relational and individual outcomes (e...
June 2011: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Beatrix F Perez, Harriett D Romo
Youth exiting foster care often experience difficulties transitioning into adulthood. This paper focuses on Latino foster care youth in a major southwestern U.S. city and addresses the importance of peer networks as a crucial form of social capital as youth leave foster care. Case studies illustrate experiences of foster care alumni ranging in age from 18 to 26. Findings suggest that lack of housing forces youth into residential mobility or "couch surfing" and episodes of homelessness. Familial connections continue to be important to Latino youth...
April 2011: Journal of Adolescence
Gregory S Liptak, Jenny A Kennedy, Nienke P Dosa
OBJECTIVE: To describe outcomes and identify factors that affect social participation in youth and young adults with spina bifida. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective data from a nationally representative survey of youth and young adults with disabilities were analyzed. The WHO ICF framework was used with participation as the dependent category and (a) body function/structure; (b) activities; (c) personal factors; and (d) environment as independent categories. RESULTS: A nationally representative sample of 130 youth with spina bifida (mean age 15 years) representing 5171 individuals with spina bifida was followed up for 4 years...
October 2010: Journal of Pediatrics
Vivian Tseng
This study sought to unpack how immigration is associated with youths' educational choices during the transition to college and adulthood. Surveys and school records were collected on 789 youth (ages 18-25) with Asian Pacific, Latino, African/Afro-Caribbean, and European backgrounds. The results indicated generational differences in educational choices, such that children of immigrants chose courses of study with higher math and science content than that of their peers with U.S.-born parents. Mediation analyses indicated that children of immigrants reported higher social and economic aspirations than did their peers, and their economic aspirations accounted for part of the generational difference in educational choices...
September 2006: Child Development
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