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Hyperemesis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641304/hyperemesis-gravidarum-a-review-of-recent-literature
#1
Viktoriya London, Stephanie Grube, David M Sherer, Ovadia Abulafia
BACKGROUND: In the United States, hyperemesis gravidarum is the most common cause of hospitalization during the first half of pregnancy and is second only to preterm labor for hospitalizations in pregnancy overall. In approximately 0.3-3% of pregnancies, hyperemesis gravidarum is prevalent and this percentage varies on account of different diagnostic criteria and ethnic variation in study populations. Despite extensive research in this field, the mechanism of the disease is largely unknown...
June 23, 2017: Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614956/interventions-for-treating-hyperemesis-gravidarum-a-cochrane-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Rupsa C Boelig, Samantha J Barton, Gabriele Saccone, Anthony J Kelly, Steven J Edwards, Vincenzo Berghella
INTRODUCTION: While nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy are very common, affecting approximately 80% of pregnancies, hyperemesis gravidarum is a severe form affecting 0.3-1.0% of pregnancies. Although hyperemesis gravidarum is rarely a source of mortality, it is a significant source of morbidity. It is one of the most common indications for hospitalization in pregnancy. Beyond the maternal and fetal consequences of malnutrition, the severity of hyperemesis symptoms causes a major psychosocial burden leading to depression, anxiety, and even pregnancy termination...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604421/propranolol-treatment-of-cannabinoid-hyperemesis-syndrome-a-case-report
#3
John R Richards, Oliver Dutczak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601805/measures-of-depression-and-anxiety-in-women-with-hyperemesis-gravidarum-are-flawed
#4
Marlena Schoenberg Fejzo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 10, 2017: Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588158/helicobacter-pylori-stool-antigen-assay-in-hyperemesis-gravidarum
#5
S Kabir, R A Khanam, M S Basher, M S Azam, M A Hossain, T T Mirza, K A Banu, R K Karmoker
Hyperemesis gravidarum is the most severe form of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy that seriously affects the pregnancy outcome. It is a disease with unknown etiology and varieties of contributing factors like hormonal changes, psychological and immunological factors. A significantly high prevalence of Helicobacter pylori among pregnant women with Hyperemesis gravidarum has been revealed recently. A descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out at antenatal ward, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh for a period of twenty-one months among purposively selected thirty-six patients with Hyperemesis gravidarum with a view to assess the involvement of H...
April 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571820/cannabinoid-hyperemesis-syndrome-a-disorder-of-the-hpa-axis-and-sympathetic-nervous-system
#6
John R Richards
Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS), a variant of cyclic vomiting syndrome, is an enigmatic and challenging clinical disorder. As cannabis legalization, use, and potency has increased worldwide over the past decade, so has the prevalence of CHS. These patients often require acute care and inpatient treatment for refractory emesis, electrolyte derangement, dehydration, acute renal failure, and injury to the upper gastrointestinal tract. Routinely-prescribed antiemetics are frequently associated with treatment failure in CHS, necessitating use of sedating agents such as benzodiazepines and antipsychotics...
June 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544726/how-pernicious-is-hyperemesis-gravidarum
#7
Carolyn Paul
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532251/the-effect-of-hyperemesis-gravidarum-on-the-75%C3%A2-g-oral-glucose-tolerance-test-screening-and-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#8
Y Madendag, E Sahin, I Madendag Col, Sahin M Eraslan, A T Tayyar, F Ozdemir, G Acmaz, V Senol
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the effect of hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) on the 75 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and gestational diabetes mellitus. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was conducted via an evaluation of the hospital database medical records of 700 pregnant women. Of these, 60 were included in the study group as a result of hospitalization due to HG, 41 were excluded, and the remaining 599 formed a control group. The body mass index (BMI), urine ketone levels, and ages of all participants were separately recorded, both in the initial examination and during the 75 g OGTT...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494183/resolution-of-cannabis-hyperemesis-syndrome-with-topical-capsaicin-in-the-emergency-department-a-case-series
#9
Laurel Dezieck, Zachary Hafez, Albert Conicella, Eike Blohm, Mark J O'Connor, Evan S Schwarz, Michael E Mullins
BACKGROUND: Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS) is characterized by symptoms of cyclic abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting in the setting of prolonged cannabis use. The transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) receptor may be involved in this syndrome. Topical capsaicin is a proposed treatment for CHS; it binds TRPV1 with high specificity, impairing substance P signaling in the area postrema and nucleus tractus solitarius via overstimulation of TRPV1. This may explain its apparent antiemetic effect in this syndrome...
May 11, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474354/aggravated-nausea-and-vomiting-induced-by-fat-emulsion-for-hyperemesis-gravidarum-a-case-report
#10
B Zhao, M Li, C Ren, X Y Liu, D Mei
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Total parental nutrition (TPN) for hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is generally effective and well-tolerated. We report a case of aggravated nausea and vomiting caused by fat emulsion. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 40-year-old pregnant woman through IVF was admitted to the hospital at 11-week gestation and diagnosed with HG. During TPN treatment, the patient suffered from aggravated nausea and vomiting. We identified fat emulsion as the most likely culprit using challenge, dechallenge and rechallenge...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418209/acupressure-as-adjuvant-treatment-for-the-inpatient-management-of-nausea-and-vomiting-in-early-pregnancy-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Aizura-Syafinaz Adlan, Kar Yoke Chooi, Noor Azmi Mat Adenan
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of acupressure at the Neiguan point (Pericardium [P]6) as adjuvant treatment during inpatient management of severe nausea and vomiting in pregnancy. METHODS: Low risk, spontaneously conceived singleton pregnancies were randomly assigned to a treatment group, who received an acupressure band placed at the Neiguan point (P6) or a placebo group who received an otherwise identical non-stimulating wristband. Participants wore the band for 12 h daily for the first three days of admission...
April 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400711/cannabinoid-hyperemesis-and-the-cyclic-vomiting-syndrome-in-adults-recognition-diagnosis-acute-and-long-term-treatment
#12
REVIEW
Christian G Blumentrath, Boris Dohrmann, Nils Ewald
The cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS) and the cyclic vomiting syndrome in adults (CVS) are both characterized by recurrent episodes of heavy nausea, vomiting and frequently abdominal pain. Both syndromes are barely known among physicians. Literature is inconsistent concerning clinical features which enable differentiation between CVS and CHS. We performed a literature review using the LIVIVO search portal for life sciences to develop a pragmatic approach towards these two syndromes. Our findings indicate that complete and persistent resolution of all symptoms of the disease following cannabis cessation is the only reliable criterion applicable to distinguish CHS from CVS...
2017: German Medical Science: GMS E-journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387093/-diagnosis-of-cannabinoid-hyperemesis-update-on-the-cannabis-shower-syndrome
#13
REVIEW
B Cuppens, M Gensburger, M Tonglet, L Marissiaux, E Brasseur, V d'Orio, A Ghuysen
Sometimes, the emergency department is confronted with cases of repetitive vomiting and abdominal pain without organic causes. These patients come back again and again for this problem. All diagnostic tests are systematically negative. A well conducted history taking reveals a chronic cannabis addiction and the disappearance of symptomatology by taking hot showers. This presentation is pathognomonic of the cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome.
December 2016: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382464/in-reply-the-importance-of-recognizing-cannabinoid-hyperemesis-syndrome-from-synthetic-marijuana-use
#14
EDITORIAL
Cecilia J Sorensen, Kristen DeSanto, Laura Borgelt, Kristina T Phillips, Andrew A Monte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Medical Toxicology: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370228/pharmacologic-treatment-of-cannabinoid-hyperemesis-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
John R Richards, Brent K Gordon, Aaron R Danielson, Aimee K Moulin
Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS) has become more prevalent with increasing cannabis use. CHS is often resistant to standard antiemetics. The objective of this study is to review the current evidence for pharmacologic treatment of CHS. Medline, PsycINFO, DARE, OpenGrey, Google Scholar, and the Cochrane Library were searched from inception to February 2017. Articles were selected and reviewed independently. Evidence was graded using Oxford Center for Evidence-Based Medicine guidelines. The search resulted in 1262 articles with 63 of them eligible for inclusion (205 human subjects)...
March 31, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347201/the-relationship-between-the-helicobacter-pylori-seropositivity-with-systemic-and-local-oxidative-status-and-hyperemesis-gravidarum-a-pilot-study
#16
Abdullah Göymen, İbrahim Özdurak, Şükran Esra Özkaplan, Yavuz Şimsek, Fazıl Avcı, Yaşam Kemal Akpak
OBJECTIVES: The aim of study was to determine the helicobacter pylori (HP) seropositivity and oxidative parameters in serum and saliva of pregnant women with poor oral hygiene and hyperemesis gravidarum (HG). METHODS: A case-control study was conducted involving 50 pregnant women in their first trimester of pregnancy. Twenty-five subjects had a diagnosis of HG, and remaining 25 were healthy pregnant women who served as control subjects were included. The groups were adjusted for age, parity and gestational week...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333653/association-of-transient-hyperthyroidism-and-severity-of-hyperemesis-gravidarum
#17
Nor Zila Hassan Malek, Aida Kalok, Zainal Abidin Hanafiah, Shamsul Azhar Shah, Nor Azlin Mohamed Ismail
Background Transient non-immune hyperthyroidism in early pregnancy is hyperthyroidism diagnosed for the first time in early pregnancy, without evidence of thyroid autoimmunity or clinical findings of Grave's disease and resolved spontaneously as the pregnancy progressed. Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is the commonest cause with 66%-73% of women with severe HG were found to have elevated thyroid function. Materials and methods We conducted a cross sectional study to determine the prevalence of transient hyperthyroidism in patients with hyperemesis gravidarum and its relation to the severity of nausea and vomiting...
March 23, 2017: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301807/complete-hydatidiform-mole-with-co-existing-fetus-predictors-of-live-birth
#18
REVIEW
Manaphat Suksai, Chitkasaem Suwanrath, Ounjai Kor-Anantakul, Alan Geater, Tharangrut Hanprasertpong, Thiti Atjimakul, Aroontorn Pichatechaiyoot
Multiple gestation consisting of complete hydatidiform mole with co-existing fetus (CHMCF) is unusual. From our institution, we reported two cases with unfavorable obstetric consequences. The recommendation for antenatal management is still not distinctly determined. Therefore, the aim of this article was to review the literature according to the predictors of infant survival and to develop a management guidance for pregnancy with CHMCF. Between January 1, 1993 and May 31, 2016, 12 case series and 89 case reports comprising of 204 pregnant women were identified...
May 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283940/in-response-to-letter-to-the-editor-regarding-cannabinoid-hyperemesis-syndrome-diagnosis-pathophysiology-and-treatment-a-systematic-review
#19
Cecilia J Sorensen, Kristen DeSanto, Laura Borgelt, Kristina T Phillips, Andrew A Monte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Medical Toxicology: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274109/what-is-new-in-rome-iv
#20
REVIEW
Max J Schmulson, Douglas A Drossman
Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) are diagnosed and classified using the Rome criteria; the criteria may change over time as new scientific data emerge. The Rome IV was released in May 2016. The aim is to review the main changes in Rome IV. FGIDs are now called disorders of gut-brain interaction (DGBI). Rome IV has a multicultural rather than a Western-culture focus. There are new chapters including multicultural, age-gender-women's health, intestinal microenvironment, biopsychosocial, and centrally mediated disorders...
April 30, 2017: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
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