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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327809/the-prevalence-of-cannabinoid-hyperemesis-syndrome-among-regular-marijuana-smokers-in-an-urban-public-hospital
#1
Joseph Habboushe, Ada Rubin, Haoming Liu, Robert S Hoffman
Epidemiological data, including prevalence, for cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS) remain largely unknown. Without these data, clinicians often describe CHS as "rare" or "very rare" without supporting information. We seek to estimate the prevalence of CHS in a population of patients presenting to a socioeconomically and racially diverse urban Emergency Department of a public hospital. This study consisted of a questionnaire administered to a convenience sample of patients presenting to the ED of the oldest public hospital in the United States...
January 12, 2018: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320384/cannabinoid-hyperemesis-syndrome-and-the-consulting-psychiatrist-a-case-study-of-diagnosis-and-treatment-for-an-emerging-disorder-in-psychiatric-practice
#2
Kristopher A Kast, Liliya Gershengoren
The increasing prevalence of cannabis use in the United States requires awareness of cannabis-related disorders and familiarity with treatment options. We present a case of cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome that required psychiatric consultation for diagnostic clarification and effective treatment with intravenous haloperidol. Literature from emergency medicine, toxicology, and gastroenterology is reviewed, including proposed diagnostic criteria for cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome and reported off-label treatment options, with a specific focus on clinical questions facing the practicing psychiatrist regarding this emerging disorder...
January 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310960/cannabinoid-hyperemesis-syndrome-pathophysiology-and-treatment-in-the-emergency-department
#3
John R Richards
BACKGROUND: Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS) is a challenging clinical disorder. CHS patients frequently present to the emergency department and may require treatment for intractable emesis, dehydration, and electrolyte abnormalities. Thought to be a variant of cyclic vomiting syndrome, CHS has become more prevalent with increasing cannabis potency and use, as enabled by various states having legalized the recreational use of cannabis. OBJECTIVE: This aim of this review is to investigate the pathophysiology of CHS and evaluate the published literature on pharmacologic treatment in the emergency department...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286189/adverse-maternal-and-birth-outcomes-in-women-hospitalised-due-to-hyperemesis-gravidarum
#4
Åse Vikanes, Jone Trovik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 29, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275391/intractable-hyperemesis-gravidarum-in-a-patient-with-type-1-diabetes
#5
Muhammad Fahad Arshad, Nasir Javed, Mohammad Bekhit
Hyperemesis gravidarum is not uncommon. Its pathogenies is multifactorial but not fully understood. We present a case of a middle class, Caucasian pregnant woman aged 24 years with coexisting type 1 diabetes, who had severe hyperemesis gravidarum from the sixth week of pregnancy and was resistant to all standard and off-the-label treatments raising questions about the pathogenesis of hyperemesis gravidarum. She was managed with a multidisciplinary approach and was supported with total parenteral nutrition till she had an emergency caesarean section in the 29th week of pregnancy...
December 22, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260066/acute-up-beating-nystagmus-in-a-pregnant-woman-with-hyperemesis-gravidarum
#6
Kenzo Hokazono, Francisco Geminiani, Debora Bertholdo
Purpose: To describe a case of sudden onset of nystagmus in a pregnant patient with hyperemesis gravidarum. Observations: Sixteen days after onset of persistent nausea and uncontrollable vomiting, a 12 week pregnant woman presented up-beating nystagmus, mild memory impairment and reduced sensitivity in the lower limbs. Laboratory tests presented thiamine deficiency and magnetic resonance imaging showed bilateral medial thalami and midbrain lesions. Because of suspected Wernicke's encephalopathy, the patient was treated with thiamine replacement and significant improvement of symptoms took place...
June 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227846/maternal-human-chorionic-gonadotrophin-concentrations-in-very-early-pregnancy-and-risk-of-hyperemesis-gravidarum-a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-4372-pregnancies-after-in-vitro-fertilization
#7
Johanne Dypvik, Andrea Lid Pereira, Tom Gunnar Tanbo, Anne Eskild
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association of human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) concentrations on a fixed day in very early pregnancy with development of hyperemesis gravidarum. STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective cohort study included 3107 singleton and 1265 twin pregnancies after in vitro fertilization treated at Department of Reproductive Medicine, Rikshospitalet, Oslo University Hospital, Norway in the period 1996-2013. Maternal serum hCG concentrations was measured on day 12 after embryo transfer...
December 7, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212865/the-placenta-controls-the-physiology-of-pregnancy-by-increasing-the-half-life-in-blood-and-receptor
#8
Phil Lowry, Russell Woods
An efficient functioning placenta is essential for a healthy pregnancy and yet the way this is achieved has been the subject of much discussion and confusion, particularly with the occurrence of pathological conditions such as preeclampsia, morning sickness and hyperemesis/ptyalism gravidarum. We will attempt to explain the underlying physiology and the potential roles played by the placental tachykinins, neurokinin B and endokinin.
December 6, 2017: Journal of Molecular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178407/a-meta-analysis-of-the-association-between-helicobacter-pylori-h-%C3%A2-pylori-infection-and-hyperemesis-gravidarum
#9
Qin Xiang Ng, Nandini Venkatanarayanan, Michelle Lee Zhi Qing De Deyn, Collin Yih Xian Ho, Yin Mo, Wee-Song Yeo
BACKGROUND: Hyperemesis gravidarum remains a common, distressing, and significant yet poorly understood disorder during pregnancy. The association between maternal Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection and hyperemesis gravidarum has been increasingly recognized and investigated. This study thus aimed to provide an updated review and meta-analysis of the topic. METHODS: Using the search terms (H. pyloriOR Helicobacter ORHelicobacter pyloriOR infection) AND (pregnancy OR emesis OR hyperemesis gravidarum OR nausea OR vomiting), a preliminary search on the PubMed, Ovid, Web of Science, Google Scholar, and WanFang database yielded 372 papers published in English between January 1st, 1960 and June 1st, 2017...
November 26, 2017: Helicobacter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169898/hyperemesis-gravidarum-pregnancy-and-bone-loss
#10
EDITORIAL
Chang-Ching Yeh, Fa-Kung Lee, Peng-Hui Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 20, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135749/recurrence-rates-of-hyperemesis-gravidarum-in-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-protocol
#11
Caitlin Dean, Katrina Bannigan, Margaret O'Hara, Rebecca Painter, Jon Marsden
The quantitative objective of this review is to identify the recurrence rate of hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) in subsequent pregnancies.
November 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132050/cannabinoid-hyperemesis-syndrome-review-of-the-literature-and-of-cases-reported-to-the-french-addictovigilance-network
#12
REVIEW
Benoît Schreck, Nicolas Wagneur, Pascal Caillet, Marie Gérardin, Jennyfer Cholet, Michel Spadari, Nicolas Authier, Juliana Tournebize, Marion Gaillard, Anais Serre, Louise Carton, Stéphanie Pain, Pascale Jolliet, Caroline Victorri-Vigneau
BACKGROUND: Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome is a variant of cyclical vomiting syndrome in a context of chronic cannabis usage. Our aim was to compare French cases to those identified in the international literature in order to further our knowledge of the clinical criteria, pathophysiology and treatments for cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome. METHODS: We analysed cases reported in the international literature up to 30 June 2017, obtained from the MEDLINE, PsycINFO and The Cochrane Library databases; we selected relevant articles based on title and abstract...
January 1, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123073/moderate-iodine-deficiency-among-pregnant-women-in-hong-kong-revisit-the-problem-after-two-decades
#13
W H Tam, R Sm Chan, M Hm Chan, L Y Yuen, L Li, M Mm Sea, J Woo
INTRODUCTION: A survey conducted during 2005 to 2007 by the Centre for Food Safety in Hong Kong suggested that only 5% of the local population had a sufficient dietary intake of iodine. The study, however, was limited as biochemical data (ie urinary iodine concentration) were lacking. Pregnant women are vulnerable to iodine deficiency because of their increased requirement. Recent studies have shown that iodine deficiency in early pregnancy is associated with poorer cognitive development in early childhood...
November 10, 2017: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122973/capsaicin-cream-for-treatment-of-cannabinoid-hyperemesis-syndrome-in-adolescents-a-case-series
#14
Jessica Graham, Michael Barberio, George Sam Wang
Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS) is an underrecognized diagnosis among adolescents. In the adult literature, it is characterized as nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain in patients with chronic marijuana use. CHS is often refractory to the standard treatment of nausea and vomiting. Unconventional antiemetics, such as haloperidol, have been successful in alleviating symptoms; however, even 1 dose of haloperidol can lead to grave adverse effects, such as dystonia, extrapyramidal reactions, and neuroleptic malignant syndrome...
December 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110705/pneumomediastinum-following-a-prolonged-second-stage-of-labor-an-emphasis-on-early-diagnosis-and-conservative-management-a-case-report
#15
Stephanie Whelan, Matthew Kelly
BACKGROUND: Esophageal rupture is an extremely rare condition to occur to a pregnant or postnatal woman. Esophageal ruptures have been previously described in the literature; however, they are most common in the setting of hyperemesis gravidarum. CASE PRESENTATION: This case report describes a 27-year-old white woman who began complaining of central chest pain and shortness of breath 3 hours after a normal vaginal delivery, with no history of vomiting antenatally or intrapartum...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066809/obstetric-outcomes-in-pregnant-women-with-and-without-depression-population-based-comparison
#16
Hui-Chun Huang, Fung-Chang Sung, Pei-Chun Chen, Cherry Yin-Yi Chang, Chih-Hsin Muo, Huei-Sheng Shiue, Jian-Pei Huang, Tsai-Chung Li, Ya-Ling Tzeng, Shu-I Wu
This study used insurance claims data to evaluate obstetric outcomes in pregnant women with and without depression because population study for Asian women on the issue is limited. We identified 5,064 women with depression at pregnancy in 2005-2013, and 20,024 pregnant women without depression, frequency matched by age, pregnant year and parity. Obstetric events during pregnancy and deliveries were evaluated. The depression group had more events than comparisons for hyperemesis (39.3 vs. 35.5%), abortion (3...
October 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045301/cannabinoid-hyperemesis-syndrome-chs-a-parisian-case-series
#17
Maude Marillier, Anne Batisse, Yves Edel, An-Hung Nguyen, Cécile Chevallier, Grégory Pfau, Philippe Podevin, Samira Djezzar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033107/soluble-urokinase-type-plasminogen-activator-receptor-supar-and-interleukin-6-levels-in-hyperemesis-gravidarum
#18
Raziye Desdicioglu, Melahat Yildirim, Gulcan Kocaoglu, Busra Demir Cendek, Gamze Avcioglu, Emre Erdem Tas, Ozlem Sengul, Ozcan Erel, Ayse Filiz Yavuz
BACKGROUND: The aim was to compare serum soluble urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) levels as well as interleukin-6 levels (IL-6) in pregnant women with hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) and asymptomatic pregnant women. METHODS: Our study population consists of voluntary first trimester-pregnant women who applied to the outpatient clinic of the department of obstetrics and gynecology of Ankara Ataturk Training and Research Hospital. Between February and May 2016, 60 pregnant women were included in our prospective study...
October 9, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028104/the-influence-of-ovulation-induction-and-assisted-conception-on-maternal-and-perinatal-outcomes-of-twin-pregnancies
#19
G Bordi, A D'Ambrosio, I Gallotta, L Di Benedetto, A Frega, F Torcia, M Schimberni, M Bonito, D Caserta
OBJECTIVE: To compare obstetrical and neonatal outcomes of twin pregnancies conceived via assisted reproductive technology (ART) with those of naturally conceived ones and to investigate the influence of the ART procedure type on these parameters. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This observational study included 450 ART and 647 spontaneous twin pregnancies delivered over 15 years at a single university-based hospital of Rome, Italy. Logistic and linear regression models adjusted for confounding factors were used to evaluate the effect of ART and the type of assisted conception (IVF/ICSI, ovulation induction ± intrauterine insemination, egg/embryo donation) on maternal and perinatal outcomes...
September 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025533/negative-%C3%AE-hcg-and-molar-pregnancy-the-hook-effect
#20
Isabel Lobo Antunes, Joana Curado, Ana Quintas, Alcides Pereira
Molar pregnancy, included in gestational trophoblastic disease, is a benign pathology with ability to metastasize, usually occurring with excessively high βhCG levels. Clinical scenario is usually a woman in extremes of reproductive age presenting with amenorrhoea, pain and vaginal blood loss; signs derived from high βhCG levels may be present (hyperthyroidism, hyperemesis). Diagnosis is based on a positive pregnancy test - usually a qualitative urinary test. The limitation of this test results from its inability to become positive in presence of markedly high levels of βhCG, saturating the antigens used - known as the 'hook effect'...
September 29, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
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