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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531836/trauma-exposure-incident-psychiatric-disorders-and-disorder-transitions-in-a-longitudinal-population-representative-sample
#1
Kate Walsh, Katie A McLaughlin, Ava Hamilton, Katherine M Keyes
Heterotypic continuity, whereby individuals transition from one disorder to another, is common; however, longitudinal studies examining transdiagnostic predictors of heterotypic continuity are lacking. The current study examined whether trauma exposure during childhood (maltreatment) and adulthood (interpersonal and non-interpersonal trauma) is associated with heterotypic continuity in a national sample. Men and women (N = 34,653) who participated in Waves 1 (2001-2002) and 2 (2004-2005) of the National Survey of Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) completed face-to-face interviews about trauma exposure and psychopathology...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530411/the-legacy-of-early-childhood-violence-exposure-to-adulthood-intimate-partner-violence-variable-and-person-oriented-evidence
#2
Angela J Narayan, Madelyn H Labella, Michelle M Englund, Elizabeth A Carlson, Byron Egeland
This study examined prospective pathways from exposure to interparental violence (EIPV) during infancy (ages 0-24 months) and toddlerhood/preschool (ages 25-64 months) to intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration and victimization in adulthood (ages 23, 26, and 32 years) using 2 complementary approaches. Building on past findings, a variable-oriented approach was used to examine the effects of developmental timing of EIPV in infancy versus toddlerhood/preschool to IPV involvement in early adulthood, at age 23 years...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530045/mental-health-challenges-among-adolescents-living-with-hiv
#3
Rachel C Vreeman, Brittany M McCoy, Sonia Lee
INTRODUCTION: Mental health is a critical and neglected global health challenge for adolescents infected with HIV. The prevalence of mental and behavioural health issues among HIV-infected adolescents may not be well understood or addressed as the world scales up HIV prevention and treatment for adolescents. The objective of this narrative review is to assess the current literature related to mental health challenges faced by adolescents living with HIV, including access to mental health services, the role of mental health challenges during transition from paediatric to adult care services and responsibilities, and the impact of mental health interventions...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530041/hiv-healthcare-transition-outcomes-among-youth-in-north-america-and-europe-a-review
#4
Vicki Tepper, Stefanie Zaner, Patrick Ryscavage
INTRODUCTION: The transition from paediatric to adult care poses risks to the health of young adults living with HIV if unsuccessful, including interruptions in care and poor health outcomes. Evolving best practices in HIV healthcare transition should ideally be informed by real-world qualitative and quantitative clinical healthcare transition outcomes. There has been a recent proliferation of HIV healthcare transition outcome research, largely from Europe and North America. METHODS: A literature search was undertaken using the online databases PubMed, Web of Science, and Google Scholar...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530040/adolescents-with-hiv-and-transition-to-adult-care-in-the-caribbean-central-america-and-south-america-eastern-europe-and-asia-and-pacific-regions
#5
Heather Bailey, Maria Letícia Santos Cruz, Wipaporn Natalie Songtaweesin, Thanyawee Puthanakit
INTRODUCTION: The HIV epidemics in the Caribbean, Central America and South America (CCASA), Eastern Europe (EE) and Asia and Pacific (AP) regions are diverse epidemics affecting different key populations in predominantly middle-income countries. This narrative review describes the populations of HIV-positive youth approaching adolescence and adulthood in CCASA, EE and AP, what is known of their outcomes in paediatric and adult care to date, ongoing research efforts and future research priorities...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530039/transition-from-paediatric-to-adult-care-of-adolescents-living-with-hiv-in-sub-saharan-africa-challenges-youth-friendly-models-and-outcomes
#6
Désiré Lucien Dahourou, Chloé Gautier-Lafaye, Chloe A Teasdale, Lorna Renner, Marcel Yotebieng, Sophie Desmonde, Samuel Ayaya, Mary-Ann Davies, Valériane Leroy
INTRODUCTION: The number of adolescents with perinatally or behaviourally acquired HIV is increasing in low-income countries, and especially in sub-Saharan Africa where HIV prevalence and incidence are the highest. As they survive into adulthood in the era of antiretroviral therapy, there is a pressing need to transfer them from paediatric to adult care, known as the transition of care. We conducted a narrative review of recent evidence on their transition outcomes in Africa, highlighting the specific needs and challenges in these populations and settings, and the different models of care for transition...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530036/living-and-dying-to-be-counted-what-we-know-about-the-epidemiology-of-the-global-adolescent-hiv-epidemic
#7
Amy L Slogrove, Mary Mahy, Alice Armstrong, Mary-Ann Davies
INTRODUCTION: With increasing survival of vertically HIV-infected children and ongoing new horizontal HIV infections, the population of adolescents (age 10-19 years) living with HIV is increasing. This review aims to describe the epidemiology of the adolescent HIV epidemic and the ability of national monitoring systems to measure outcomes in HIV-infected adolescents through the adolescent transition to adulthood. METHODS: Differences in global trends between younger (age 10-14 years) and older (age 15-19 years) adolescents in key epidemic indicators are interrogated using 2016 UNAIDS estimates...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528425/neet-adolescents-grown-up-eight-year-longitudinal-follow-up-of-education-employment-and-mental-health-from-adolescence-to-early-adulthood-in-mexico-city
#8
Raúl A Gutiérrez-García, Corina Benjet, Guilherme Borges, Enrique Méndez Ríos, María Elena Medina-Mora
The purpose is to examine the socio-demographic and mental health outcomes in early adulthood of those who as adolescents were not in education, employment or training, termed NEET, compared to their counterparts who studied, worked, or both. One thousand and seventy-one youth residing in Mexico City participated in a representative, prospective, longitudinal 8-year two-Wave cohort study. At Wave I the participants were aged 12-17 and at Wave II aged 19 and 26. The Composite International Diagnostic Interview assessed psychiatric disorders, substance use and abuse, suicidal behavior, interpersonal relationships, employment and education...
May 20, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528334/hormones-and-human-and-nonhuman-primate-growth
#9
Robin Miriam Bernstein
The aim of this paper was to review information pertaining to the hormonal regulation of nonhuman primate growth, with specific focus on the growth hormone (GH)-insulin-like growth factor (IGF) axis and adrenal androgens. Hormones of the GH-IGF axis are consistently associated with measures of growth - linear, weight, or both - during the growth period; in adulthood, concentrations of IGF-I, IGF-binding protein-3, and GH-binding protein are not associated with any measures of size. Comparing patterns of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and DHEA sulfate (DHEAS) may be especially relevant for understanding whether the childhood stage of growth and development is unique to humans and perhaps other apes...
May 19, 2017: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526485/improving-the-sexual-health-of-young-people-with-mobility-impairments-challenges-and-recommendations
#10
Molly Secor-Turner, Barbara J McMorris, Peter Scal
INTRODUCTION: This mixed-method study (a) describes challenges to providing sexual health services to youth with mobility impairments from the perspective of health care providers and experts and (b) describes and compares sexual health-related experiences of youth with mobility impairments. METHOD: Secondary data analysis of My Path, a study focused on the transition to adulthood for youth with mobility impairments. Using an exploratory sequential design, qualitative data (n = 10) were analyzed using systematic content analysis followed by quantitative analysis of survey data (N = 337)...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526087/a-multimodal-day-treatment-program-for-multi-problem-young-adults-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Marie-Jolette A Luijks, Floor Bevaart, Josjan Zijlmans, Laura van Duin, Reshmi Marhe, Theo A H Doreleijers, Henning Tiemeier, Jessica J Asscher, Arne Popma
BACKGROUND: Effective interventions for young adults with severe, multiple problems - such as psychosocial and psychiatric problems, delinquency, unemployment and substance use - are scarce but urgently needed in order to support an adequate transition to adulthood. A multimodal day treatment program called "New Opportunities" (in Dutch: "De Nieuwe Kans"; DNK) was specifically developed to target multi-problem young adults in The Netherlands. The aim of this study protocol is to describe the design of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) in clinical practice to examine the effectiveness of DNK in comparison with care as usual (CAU)...
May 19, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522766/ontogeny-of-myosin-isoform-expression-and-prehensile-function-in-the-tail-of-the-gray-short-tailed-opossum-monodelphis-domestica
#12
Dylan R Thomas, Brad A Chadwell, Gary R Walker, Julio E Budde, John L VandeBerg, Michael T Butcher
Terrestrial opossums use their semi-prehensile tail for grasping nesting materials as opposed to arboreal maneuvering. We relate the development of this adaptive behavior with ontogenetic changes in myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoform expression from 21 days to adulthood. Monodelphis domestica is expected to demonstrate a progressive ability to flex the distal tail up to age 7 months, when it should exhibit routine nest construction. We hypothesize that juvenile stages (3-7 months) will be characterized by retention of the neonatal isoform (MHC-Neo), along with predominant expression of fast MHC-2X and 2B, which will transition into greater MHC-1β and 2A isoform content as development progresses...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522086/correlates-of-sleep-quality-in-midlife-and-beyond-a-machine-learning-analysis
#13
Katherine A Kaplan, Prajesh P Hardas, Susan Redline, Jamie M Zeitzer
OBJECTIVES: In older adults, traditional metrics derived from polysomnography (PSG) are not well correlated with subjective sleep quality. Little is known about whether the association between PSG and subjective sleep quality changes with age, or whether quantitative electroencephalography (qEEG) is associated with sleep quality. Therefore, we examined the relationship between subjective sleep quality and objective sleep characteristics (standard PSG and qEEG) across middle to older adulthood...
June 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517943/implications-of-parent-child-relationships-for-emerging-adults-subjective-feelings-about-adulthood
#14
Anna K Lindell, Nicole Campione-Barr, Sarah E Killoren
Little is known about the role of parents in promoting their children's successful transition to adulthood, particularly for college students who may maintain stronger ties to parents than other emerging adults. The present study therefore investigated longitudinal implications of parent-child relationship qualities during emerging adults' first year of college for their feelings about the upcoming transition to adulthood 3 years later, as well as implications of 3 types of parental control (behavioral control, psychological control, helicopter parenting) for these associations...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512038/involvement-of-the-oxytocin-system-in-the-nucleus-accumbens-in-the-regulation-of-juvenile-social-novelty-seeking-behavior
#15
Caroline J W Smith, Jazmin N Mogavero, Maxwell T Tulimieri, Alexa H Veenema
Exploration of novel environments, stimuli, and conspecifics is highly adaptive during the juvenile period, as individuals transition from immaturity to adulthood. We recently showed that juvenile rats prefer to interact with a novel individual over a familiar cage mate. However, the neural mechanisms underlying this juvenile social novelty-seeking behavior remain largely unknown. One potential candidate is the oxytocin (OXT) system, given its involvement in various motivated social behaviors. Here, we show that administration of the specific oxytocin receptor antagonist desGly-NH2,d(CH2)5-[Tyr(Me)(2),Thr(4)]OVT reduces social novelty seeking-behavior in juvenile male rats when injected into the nucleus accumbens (10ng/0...
May 13, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508603/meeting-reports-adolescence-a-transition-to-adulthood-proceedings-of-the-24th-aschauer-soiree-held-at-jurata-poland-november-5th-2016
#16
Slawomir Koziel, Michael Hermanussen, Alexandra Gomula, James Swanson, Maria Kaczmarek, Mortada El-Shabrawi, Mona Elhusseini, Takashi Satake, Irena Klarić Martinović, Christiane Scheffler, Ruta Morkuniene, Elena Godina, Missoni Saša, Tutkuviene Janina, Siniarska Anna, Joanna Nieczuja-Dwojacka, Javier Núñez, Detlef Groth, Davide Barbieri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506122/examining-transitions-from-youth-to-adult-services-for-young-persons-with-autism
#17
Mathew T Milen, David B Nicholas
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) presents pervasive challenges for individuals throughout their lifetime. Although some financial, community, and individual supports are available for children, there are fewer resources available for adults with ASD, their families, and/or caregivers. It is important to understand the multidimensional shifts associated with the transition from adolescence to adulthood for individuals with ASD. METHODS: To better understand the transitional process, a qualitative study comprised 11 semi-structured interviews with individuals with ASD and their families...
May 16, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498154/pediatric-to-adult-transition-and-medication-adherence-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#18
Jayson Jeganathan, Cheng Hiang Lee, Antony Rahme, Darren K Tiao, Celine Weston, Shoma Dutt, Annabel Magoffin, Vu Kwan, Aladdin Alswaifi, Peter H Katelaris, Kevin J Gaskin, Edward V OʼLoughlin, Rupert W Leong
BACKGROUND: Medication nonadherence is common in inflammatory bowel disease and is associated with poor outcomes. There has been no study on pediatric-to-adult transition as a risk factor for nonadherence in inflammatory bowel disease, which has been demonstrated in other diseases. We aimed to assess whether transitioned (TR) patients have higher nonadherence rates than young adults (YAs) diagnosed in adulthood. METHODS: Consecutive ambulatory subjects were prospectively recruited and completed the validated Medication Adherence Reporting Scale (MARS), with the primary outcome being adherence differences between group age-matched TR and YA groups...
May 11, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490305/long-term-risk-of-severe-retinopathy-in-childhood-onset-type-1-diabetes-a-data-linkage-study
#19
Mary White, Matthew A Sabin, Costan G Magnussen, Michele A O'Connell, Peter G Colman, Fergus Cameron
OBJECTIVES: To determine the relationship between glycaemic control trajectory and the long term risk of severe complications in people with type 1 diabetes mellitus, as well as the effects of paediatric and adult HbA1c levels. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: Data linkage study of data for adults with childhood-onset type 1 diabetes (diagnosed during 1975-2010) who had transitioned from paediatric diabetes care at the Royal Children's Hospital (Melbourne) to adult diabetes care at the Royal Melbourne Hospital during 1992-2013...
May 15, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489225/models-of-care-for-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-in-transition-shared-medical-appointments-and-telemedicine
#20
Jennifer K Raymond
Transitioning through adolescence and young adulthood is challenging, and even more so for patients living with a chronic disease such as type 1 diabetes. Patients in this age group encounter multiple obstacles to effectively managing their diabetes, experience suboptimal glycemic control, face higher rates of acute complications, and are often lost to medical follow-up. Comprehensive strategies and innovative clinical models are needed to engage this population in diabetes medical care, address barriers to ideal management, and improve outcomes...
May 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
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