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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792476/a-mixed-methods-investigation-into-the-perspectives-on-mental-health-and-professional-treatment-among-former-system-youth-with-mood-disorders
#1
Michelle R Munson, Sarah Carter Narendorf, Shelly Ben-David, Andrea Cole
Research has shown that how people think about their health (or illnesses) shapes their help-seeking behavior. In this mixed-methods study, we employed a simultaneous concurrent design to explore the perceptions of mental illness among an understudied population: marginalized young adults. Participants were 60 young adults (ages 18-25) who had experienced mood disorders and used multiple public systems of care during their childhoods. Semistructured interviews were conducted to understand participants' illness and treatment experiences during the transition to adulthood...
May 24, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788749/university-life-with-asd-faculty-knowledge-and-student-needs
#2
Sasha M Zeedyk, Yasamine Bolourian, Jan Blacher
Increasingly, young adults with autism spectrum disorder are attending 4-year universities. The transition to adulthood can be challenging for these students, and university life poses its own set of demands. The present article takes a mixed-methods approach by including two studies utilizing complementary methodologies. Through in-depth interviews with students with autism spectrum disorder ( n = 13) and college professors ( n = 18), the purpose of the first study was to evaluate the experiences and needs of college students with autism spectrum disorder and identify the knowledge that faculty members possessed about working with these students...
May 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783974/pathways-to-prevention-protocol-for-the-cap-climate-and-preventure-study-to-evaluate-the-long-term-effectiveness-of-school-based-universal-selective-and-combined-alcohol-misuse-prevention-into-early-adulthood
#3
Nicola C Newton, Lexine Stapinski, Tim Slade, Katrina E Champion, Emma L Barrett, Catherine Chapman, Anna Smout, Siobhan Lawler, Marius Mather, Natalie Castellanos-Ryan, Patricia J Conrod, Maree Teesson
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use and associated harms are among the leading causes of burden of disease among young people, highlighting the need for effective prevention. The Climate and Preventure (CAP) study was the first trial of a combined universal and selective school-based approach to preventing alcohol misuse among adolescents. Initial results indicate that universal, selective and combined prevention were all effective in delaying the uptake of alcohol use and binge drinking for up to 3 years following the interventions...
May 21, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767752/stunting-at-24-months-is-not-related-to-incidence-of-overweight-through-young-adulthood-in-an-urban-south-african-birth-cohort
#4
Sara K Hanson, Richard J Munthali, Elizabeth A Lundeen, Linda M Richter, Shane A Norris, Aryeh D Stein
Background: The role that childhood stunting plays in the development of overweight and obesity later in life is not well understood, particularly in adolescence and young adulthood, because most studies have only followed up through midchildhood. Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the relation between stunting and age-specific patterns of overweight and obesity incidence from early childhood to young adulthood in the context of a country in the process of the nutrition transition while these children were growing up...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758179/regeneration-of-the-germline-in-the-annelid-capitella-teleta
#5
Leah C Dannenberg, Elaine C Seaver
The germline is essential for sexual reproduction and survival of the species. In many metazoans, the developmental potential to generate a distinct germline is segregated from somatic cell lineages early in embryogenesis, suggesting that the unique features of the germline must be established from its onset. Previous studies suggest that germ cells cannot regenerate once removed from the embryo, but few animals have been experimentally tested. We investigated the ability of the germline to regenerate in a lophotrochozoan, the segmented worm Capitella teleta, which has a stereotyped cell lineage program by deleting the germline precursor (cell 3D) in early stage embryos using an infrared laser...
May 11, 2018: Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755185/recidivism-in-a-sample-of-serious-adolescent-offenders
#6
Robert Brame, Edward P Mulvey, Carol A Schubert, Alex R Piquero
Objectives: A broad research literature in criminology documents key aspects of how criminal offending develops and changes over the life span. We contribute to this literature by showcasing methods that are useful for studying medium-term patterns of subsequent criminal justice system involvement among a sample of serious adolescent offenders making the transition to early adulthood. Methods: Our approach relies on 7 years of post-enrollment follow-up from the Pathways to Desistance Study...
March 2018: Journal of Quantitative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749633/responses-to-positive-affect-life-satisfaction-and-self-esteem-a-cross-lagged-panel-analysis-during-middle-adolescence
#7
Diego Gomez-Baya, Ramon Mendoza, Tania Gaspar, Paulo Gomes
During middle adolescence, elevated stress and a greater presence of psychological disorders have been documented. The research has paid little attention to the regulation of positive affective states. Fredrickson's broaden-and-build theory suggests that cultivating positive emotions helps to build resources that boost well-being. The current research aimed to examine the longitudinal associations between responses to positive affect (emotion-focused positive rumination, self-focused positive rumination, and dampening) and psychological adjustment (self-esteem and life satisfaction) during middle adolescence...
May 11, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747057/zebrafish-as-a-model-to-study-bone-maturation-nanoscale-structural-and-mechanical-characterization-of-age-related-changes-in-the-zebrafish-vertebral-column
#8
Zhuo Chang, Po-Yu Chen, Yung-Jen Chuang, Riaz Akhtar
Zebrafish (Danio rerio) is a useful model for understanding biomedical properties of bone and are widely employed in developmental and genetics studies. Here, we have studied the development of zebrafish vertebral bone at the nanoscale from adolescence (6 months), early adulthood (10 months) to mid-life (14 months). Characterization of the bone was conducted using energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and PeakForce QNM atomic force microscopy (AFM) techniques. SEM and AFM revealed a lamellar structure with mineralized collagen fibrils...
May 3, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746917/long-term-trajectories-of-mild-asthma-in-adulthood-and-risk-factors-of-progression
#9
Wenjia Chen, J Mark FitzGerald, Larry D Lynd, Don D Sin, Mohsen Sadatsafavi
BACKGROUND: The majority of asthma patients have mild disease. However, the clinical course of mild asthma and risk factors for progression are not well studied. OBJECTIVE: To examine the long-term trajectories of mild asthma and the effects of early-stage risk factors on the subsequent disease course. METHODS: From the administrative health data of British Columbia, Canada, we identified patients 14 to 45 years of age with newly diagnosed mild asthma between January 1997 and December 2012...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746174/developmental-regulation-of-kidney-and-liver-slc-and-abc-drug-transporters-and-drug-metabolizing-enzymes-the-role-of-remote-organ-communication
#10
Jeremiah D Momper, Sanjay K Nigam
The ontogeny of drug transport and metabolism is generally studied independently in tissues, yet in the immediate postnatal period the developmental regulation of transporters and metabolizing enzymes must be coordinated. Using the Remote Sensing and Signaling Hypothesis as a framework, we describe how a systems physiology view helps to make sense of how inter-organ communication via hepatic, renal, and intestinal transporters and drug metabolizing (DMEs) enzymes is regulated from the immediate postnatal period through adulthood...
May 10, 2018: Expert Opinion on Drug Metabolism & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745805/patterns-of-accelerometer-derived-sedentary-time-across-the-lifespan
#11
Diana A Santos, Pedro B Júdice, João P Magalhães, Inês R Correia, Analiza M Silva, Fátima Baptista, Luís B Sardinha
We aimed to describe ST and its patterns on a national level. A hip-worn accelerometer (ActiGraph GT1M) was used to collect data during waking hours from 4575 Portuguese' participants from 2007-2009 (2683 females) aged 10-102 years old. Data was presented by sex, in 5-years age intervals, and by adolescents (n=2833), adults (n=1122), and older adults (n=620). Lambda-mu-sigma (LMS) smoothed percentile curves were estimated. Girls, women, and older women spent 61, 57, and 64% of wear time in ST, respectively...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745690/are-personality-traits-and-relationship-characteristics-reciprocally-related-longitudinal-analyses-of-codevelopment-in-the-transition-out-of-high-school-and-beyond
#12
Jennifer Deventer, Jenny Wagner, Oliver Lüdtke, Ulrich Trautwein
Personality development has been associated with changes in various aspects of social relationships (e.g., contact frequency, emotional closeness, etc.). However, specific patterns of personality-relationship transactions are still not well understood as not many empirical studies have explored major life transitions. Emerging adulthood with its numerous life transitions is crucial for personality and social relationship development. In this study, we looked at personality-relationship transactions in the transition from high school to college, apprenticeship training, and so forth...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744707/intergenerational-transmission-of-work-values-a-meta-analytic-review
#13
Zeynep Cemalcilar, Ekin Secinti, Nebi Sumer
Work values act as guiding principles for individuals' work-related behavior. Economic self-sufficiency is an important predictor for psychological well-being in adulthood. Longitudinal research has demonstrated work values to be an important predictor of economic behavior, and consequently of self-sufficiency. Socialization theories designate parents an important role in the socialization of their children to cultural values. Yet, extant literature is limited in demonstrating the role families play on how youth develop agentic pathways and seek self-sufficiency in transition to adulthood...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727637/personal-behavioral-and-environmental-predictors-of-healthy-weight-maintenance-during-the-transition-to-adulthood
#14
Nicole Larson, Ying Chen, Melanie Wall, Megan R Winkler, Andrea B Goldschmit, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
There is a high prevalence of overweight among U.S. young adults and the intergenerational implications of excess weight gain at this life stage are great. We used Project EAT (Eating and Activity in Teens and Young Adults) study data to identify personal, behavioral, and environmental factors that predicted healthy weight maintenance during the transition from adolescence to adulthood and as individuals progressed from the third to fourth decade of life. The sample included 1120 young adults who were secondary school students in Minneapolis-St...
May 1, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723829/quality-of-life-at-the-retirement-transition-life-course-pathways-in-an-early-baby-boom-birth-cohort
#15
Josephine M Wildman, Suzanne Moffatt, Mark Pearce
Promoting quality of life (QoL) in later life is an important policy goal. However, studies using prospective data to explore the mechanisms by which earlier events influence QoL in older age are lacking. This study is the first to use prospective data to investigate pathways by which a range of measures of life-course socioeconomic status contribute to later-life QoL. The study uses data from the Newcastle Thousand Families Study cohort (N = 1142), an early 'baby-boom' birth cohort born in 1947 in Newcastle upon Tyne, an industrial city in north-east England...
April 12, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721744/students-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-their-parents-in-the-transition-into-higher-education-impact-on-dynamics-in-the-parent-child-relationship
#16
Valérie Van Hees, Herbert Roeyers, Jan De Mol
This study examined how 34 senior students and first-year college students with autism spectrum disorder, their mothers (n = 34) and fathers (n = 26) navigate the higher education transition, and how this context impacts on dynamics in the parent-child relationships. Semi-structured interviews were analyzed based on grounded theory and dyadic analysis principles. Both parties were confronted with an abundance of challenges and experienced strong feelings of ambivalence, stress and anxiety. Differences in perspectives occurred regarding the construction of adulthood, the acquisition of autonomy, disclosure and subscribing to support services...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717381/parental-support-and-youth-occupational-attainment-help-or-hindrance
#17
Anna Manzoni
Although several concerns surround the transition to adulthood and youth increasingly rely on parental support, our knowledge about the implications of parental support for youth development and transition to adulthood is limited. This study fills this gap by conceptualizing development within a life course perspective that links social inequality and early life course transitions. It draws on a subsample of youth observed between age 18 and 28 from the Transition to Adulthood supplement of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics 2005-2015 (N = 7,542; 53% female, 51...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709622/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-young-adult-health-outcomes-among-youth-aging-out-of-foster-care
#18
Rebecca Rebbe, Paula S Nurius, Mark E Courtney, Kym R Ahrens
OBJECTIVE: Former youth in foster care (YFC) are at greater risk of chronic health conditions than their peers. Although research in general population samples has demonstrated a dose-response relationship between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and adult health outcomes, few studies have conducted similar analyses in highly stress-exposed populations such as YFC. This paper uses person-centered latent class analysis (LCA) methods to examine the relationship between different profiles of ACE exposures and divergent health trajectories amongst this high-risk population...
April 27, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706663/religious-pathways-from-adolescence-to-adulthood
#19
Bo Hyeong Jane Lee, Lisa D Pearce, Kristen M Schorpp
Prior research suggests the significance of religion for development and wellbeing in adolescence and beyond. Further, new developments and applications of statistical methods have led to ways of better accounting for the multidimensional nature of religiosity (e.g. latent class analysis), as well as the dynamic aspects of religiosity (e.g. latent growth curve models). Yet, rarely if ever are both features of religiosity incorporated and examined together. Therefore, we propose and conduct a latent class analysis using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) to identify seven distinct pathways of religiosity that involve independently changing levels of religious affiliation, religious service attendance, personal importance of religion, and prayer from adolescence to adulthood...
September 2017: Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704147/associations-between-marijuana-use-trajectories-and-educational-and-occupational-success-in-young-adulthood
#20
Kara Thompson, Bonnie Leadbeater, Megan Ames, Gabriel J Merrin
Adolescence and young adulthood is a critical stage when the economic foundations for life-long health are established. To date, there is little consensus as to whether marijuana use is associated with poor educational and occupational success in adulthood. We investigated associations between trajectories of marijuana use from ages 15 to 28 and multiple indicators of economic well-being in young adulthood including achievement levels (i.e., educational attainment and occupational prestige), work characteristics (i...
April 28, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
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