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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340901/mental-health-related-quality-of-life-and-the-timing-of-motherhood-a-16-year-longitudinal-study-of-a-national-cohort-of-young-australian-women
#1
Libby Holden, Richard Hockey, Robert S Ware, Christina Lee
PURPOSE: We examine timing of motherhood in a longitudinal cohort of young Australian women, and its relationship with mental health-related quality of life (SF-36 MHI-5), and with sociodemographic, health behaviour and health-related variables. METHODS: We analysed longitudinal self-report data from a nationally representative cohort of 10,332 Australian women born 1973-1978, surveyed 6 times between 1996 (aged 18-23) and 2012 (aged 34-39). RESULTS: Group-based trajectory modelling identified four groups...
January 16, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337718/physical-inactivity-from-youth-to-adulthood-and-risk-of-impaired-glucose-metabolism
#2
Petri Kallio, Katja Pahkala, Olli J Heinonen, Tuija Tammelin, Mirja Hirvensalo, Risto Telama, Markus Juonala, Costan G Magnussen, Suvi Rovio, Harri Helajärvi, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Jorma Viikari, Olli T Raitakari
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity (PA) is important in the prevention and treatment of impaired glucose metabolism. However, association of physical inactivity during the transition between childhood and adulthood with glucose metabolism is unknown. Therefore, we studied the association of persistent physical inactivity since childhood with glucose metabolism in adulthood. METHODS: Data were drawn from the ongoing, Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study with repeated follow-ups between 1980-2011 (baseline age 3-18 years, n=3596)...
January 15, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335673/desistance-and-severity-of-alcohol-use-disorder-a-lifespan-developmental-investigation
#3
Matthew R Lee, Cassandra L Boness, Yoanna E McDowell, Alvaro Vergés, Douglas L Steinley, Kenneth J Sher
Key to an understanding of alcohol use disorder (AUD) are the drinking-related reductions that begin in young adulthood and continue throughout the adult lifespan. Research is needed to precisely characterize the form of these reductions, including possible developmental differences across the lifespan. Using U.S.-representative data, we estimated multiple-group Markov models characterizing longitudinal transitions among five drinking statuses and differences in transition patterns across six adult age periods...
2018: Clinical Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335085/-impact-of-transition-readiness-on-quality-of-life-in-children-with-chronic-diseases
#4
Jia-Li Ma, Nan Sheng, Wen-Wen Ding, Ying Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the current quality of life in children with chronic diseases, and to explore the impact of transition readiness on quality of life. METHODS: A total of 332 children with chronic diseases from two children's hospitals in Shanghai, China were enrolled. A self-designed demographic questionnaire, Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 4.0 Generic Core Scales (PedsQLTM 4.0), and Self-Management and Transition to Adulthood with Rx=Treatment (STARx) Questionnaire were used to evaluate transition readiness and quality of life...
January 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316885/cash-transfer-interventions-for-sexual-health-meanings-and-experiences-of-adolescent-males-and-females-in-inner-city-johannesburg
#5
Nomhle Khoza, Jonathan Stadler, Catherine MacPhail, Admire Chikandiwa, Heena Brahmbhatt, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe
BACKGROUND: In sub-Saharan Africa, there is growing interest in the use of cash transfer (CT) programs for HIV treatment and prevention. However, there is limited evidence of the consequences related to CT provision to adolescents in low-resourced urban settings. We explored the experiences of adolescents receiving CTs to assess the acceptability and unintended consequences of CT strategies in urban Johannesburg, South Africa. METHODS: We collected qualitative data during a pilot randomized controlled trial of three CT strategies (monthly payments unconditional vs...
January 10, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313712/energy-efficiency-in-children-with-myelomeningocele-during-acute-use-of-assistive-devices-a-pilot-study
#6
Jennifer K Sansom, Beverly D Ulrich
Due to increased metabolic demands during walking, ∼50% of children with myelomeningocele transition to wheelchair use during adolescence/early adulthood. The purpose of our pilot study involving children with myelomeningocele was to determine: (a) energy expenditure needs during acute use of common assistive devices and (b) if walking poles are a feasible assistive device. Oxygen uptake was recorded for eight (5-12 years old) children in four conditions: independent, walker, crutches, and poles. Acute pole use did not significantly differ from independent walking net energy consumption or cost...
January 9, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310752/transition-to-adult-care-for-aboriginal-children-with-rheumatic-fever-a-review-informed-by-a-focussed-ethnography-in-northern-australia
#7
Alice G Mitchell, Suzanne Belton, Vanessa Johnston, Anna P Ralph
Aboriginal children in northern Australia have high rates of rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease, which are chronic conditions because of the need for long-term treatment and monitoring. This article critically reviews the literature on transition to adult care for children with chronic conditions and considers applicability to the care of these children. The review was merged with findings from a focussed ethnography conducted in four remote Aboriginal communities with young people who have these conditions...
January 9, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300862/reproductive-alterations-in-chronically-exposed-female-mice-to-environmentally-relevant-doses-of-a-mixture-of-phthalates-and-alkylphenols
#8
Daniel Patiño-García, Leonor Cruz-Fernandes, Julio Buñay, Jaime Palomino, Ricardo D Moreno
Endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) are exogenous compounds that modify hormone biosynthesis, causing adverse effects to human health. Among them, phthalates, and alkylphenols are important due to their wide use in plastics, detergents, personal care products, cosmetics and food packaging. However, their conjoint effects over reproductive female health have not been addressed. The aim of this work was to test the effect of chronically exposed female mice to a mixture of three phthalates [bis (2-ethylhexyl), dibutyl and benzyl butyl] and two alkylphenols [4-nonylphenol and 4-tert-octylphenol], from conception to adulthood at environmentally relevant doses...
December 28, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294801/classes-of-intimate-partner-violence-from-late-adolescence-to-young-adulthood
#9
Hans Saint-Eloi Cadely, Joe F Pittman, Gregory S Pettit, Jennifer E Lansford, John E Bates, Kenneth A Dodge, Amy Holtzworth-Munroe
Researchers do not agree on how intimate partner violence (IPV) emerges and changes from adolescence to young adulthood. This may be because change in these behaviors varies across individuals. The present study uses a longitudinal, person-centered approach to examine whether there are multiple classes or patterns of change in the perpetration of IPV during the transitional period from adolescence (age 18) to young adulthood (age 25) using data collected annually from a community sample of 484 participants...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294758/-every-time-i-try-to-get-out-i-get-pushed-back-1-the-role-of-violent-victimization-in-women-s-experience-of-multiple-episodes-of-homelessness
#10
Ryan Broll, Laura Huey
Research shows that, for most people, homelessness is not a chronic state that one enters and never leaves. Instead, homelessness tends to be dynamic, with individuals cycling in and out of multiple periods of homelessness throughout their lives. Despite this recognition, and a wealth of research on the causes of homelessness, generally, there is a lack of scholarship on the pathways to multiple episodes of homelessness. In particular, the relationship between violent victimization and women's likelihood of being homeless multiple times is largely unexplored...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287220/changes-in-rejection-sensitivity-across-adolescence-and-emerging-adulthood-associations-with-relationship-involvement-quality-and-coping
#11
Jerika C Norona, Valerya Tregubenko, Shira Bezalel Boiangiu, Gil Levy, Miri Scharf, Deborah P Welsh, Shmuel Shulman
Using a sample of 110 Israeli youth (72% female), the present study investigates associations between initial levels of rejection sensitivity as well as changes in rejection sensitivity from age 16 to age 23 and relationship involvement, quality, and (growth following) coping with relationship stress. Results showed that rejection sensitivity generally decreased over time into the transition to adulthood. Furthermore, levels of rejection sensitivity at age 16 predicted whether young people were romantically involved by age 23, as well as the quality of their relationships...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287186/transitions-into-young-adulthood-extent-to-which-alcohol-use-perceived-drinking-norms-and-consequences-vary-by-education-and-work-statuses-among-18-20year-olds
#12
Christine M Lee, Jennifer M Cadigan, Anne M Fairlie, Melissa A Lewis
INTRODUCTION: With many young adults pursuing post-secondary education and many working, understanding the importance of education and work roles on alcohol use are of developmental and clinical importance. Utilizing a sample of 18-20year-olds transitioning from adolescence to young adulthood, the current study examined how social role statuses in education (i.e., not in school, 2-year students, 4-year students) and work status (i.e., unemployed, employed part-time, employed full-time) were associated with alcohol use, alcohol-related consequences, and perceived drinking norms...
December 12, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283816/impact-of-disease-disclosure-on-stigma-an-experimental-investigation-of-college-students-reactions-to-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#13
Jacob A Rohde, Yue Wang, Chelsea M Cutino, Bonnie K Dickson, Marisa C Bernal, Serena Bronda, Aizhou Liu, Sai Indira Priyadarshini, Ling Guo, Jason S Reich, Francis A Farraye
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a serious chronic illness that affects 1 in 200 people in the United States with the majority of new cases of IBD diagnosed in young people under the age of 35. Despite the growing number of people who are diagnosed each year, the consequences of health-related stigma faced by young people grappling with the effects of IBD are understudied. This experimental investigation explored the existence of enacted stigma among college students, a population that faces many social and psychological challenges due to the added emotional stresses brought about by the transition from high school and adolescence to college and adulthood...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281841/developmental-emergence-of-adult-neural-stem-cells-as-revealed-by-single-cell-transcriptional-profiling
#14
Scott A Yuzwa, Michael J Borrett, Brendan T Innes, Anastassia Voronova, Troy Ketela, David R Kaplan, Gary D Bader, Freda D Miller
Adult neural stem cells (NSCs) derive from embryonic precursors, but little is known about how or when this occurs. We have addressed this issue using single-cell RNA sequencing at multiple developmental time points to analyze the embryonic murine cortex, one source of adult forebrain NSCs. We computationally identify all major cortical cell types, including the embryonic radial precursors (RPs) that generate adult NSCs. We define the initial emergence of RPs from neuroepithelial stem cells at E11.5. We show that, by E13...
December 26, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275434/a-developmental-perspective-on-reentry-understanding-the-causes-and-consequences-of-family-conflict-and-peer-delinquency-during-adolescence-and-emerging-adulthood
#15
Thomas J Mowen, John H Boman
Despite the uniqueness of an incarceration experience for adolescents, there remains a shortage of research on adolescents and emerging adults who have been recently released from detention centers and are returning home during the transitional time period of "reentry". Drawing from the developmental literature, the current study uses a diverse (54% Black, 20% White, 26% Other Race) longitudinal survey of 337 male adolescents living in the United States to examine the interrelationships among crime, substance use, family conflict, and peer delinquency...
December 23, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275000/the-metamorphosis-of-adolescent-hormonal-stress-reactivity-a-focus-on-animal-models
#16
REVIEW
Russell D Romeo
As adolescents transition from childhood to adulthood, many physiological and neurobehavioral changes occur. Shifts in neuroendocrine function are one such change, including the hormonal systems that respond to stressors. This review will focus on these hormonal changes, with a particular emphasis on the pubertal and adolescent maturation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. Furthermore, this review will concentrate on studies using animal models, as these model systems have contributed a great deal to our mechanistic understanding of how factors such as sex and experience with stress shape hormonal reactivity during development...
December 21, 2017: Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274753/multiple-sclerosis-re-examined-essential-and-emerging-clinical-concepts
#17
REVIEW
Jonathan Zurawski, James Stankiewicz
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic autoimmune disease of the central nervous system characterized by exacerbations of neurological dysfunction due to inflammatory demyelination. Neurologic symptoms typically present in young adulthood and vary based on the site of inflammation, though weakness, sensory impairment, brainstem dysfunction and vision loss are common. MS occurs more frequently in women and its development is complex-genetics, hormones, geography, vitamin D, and viral exposure all play roles. Early MS is characterized by relapsing-remitting course and inflammation of the white matter though as patients age, the disease often transitions to a pathologically distinct secondary progressive phase with gradual disability accrual affecting gait, coordination and bladder function...
December 21, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261646/a-conserved-maternal-specific-repressive-domain-in-zelda-revealed-by-cas9-mediated-mutagenesis-in-drosophila-melanogaster
#18
Danielle C Hamm, Elizabeth D Larson, Markus Nevil, Kelsey E Marshall, Eliana R Bondra, Melissa M Harrison
In nearly all metazoans, the earliest stages of development are controlled by maternally deposited mRNAs and proteins. The zygotic genome becomes transcriptionally active hours after fertilization. Transcriptional activation during this maternal-to-zygotic transition (MZT) is tightly coordinated with the degradation of maternally provided mRNAs. In Drosophila melanogaster, the transcription factor Zelda plays an essential role in widespread activation of the zygotic genome. While Zelda expression is required both maternally and zygotically, the mechanisms by which it functions to remodel the embryonic genome and prepare the embryo for development remain unclear...
December 19, 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259659/pregnancy-related-conditions-and-premature-coronary-heart-disease-in-adult-offspring
#19
Andriany Qanitha, Bastianus A J M de Mol, David P Burgner, Peter Kabo, Dara R Pabittei, Irawan Yusuf, Cuno S P M Uiterwaal
Objective: To investigate the association between complications during pregnancy and premature coronary heart disease in adult offspring. Methods: We conducted a population-based case-control study of 153 Indonesian patients with a first acute coronary syndrome (ACS) (age ≤55 years) and 153 age-matched and sex-matched controls. Data on complications during pregnancy (high blood pressure, preterm delivery) and maternal infections in pregnancy were obtained, together with sociodemographic data, clinical profiles, laboratory measurements and adulthood cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors at hospital admission or enrolment...
2017: Heart Asia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242707/the-mental-health-of-youth-and-young-adults-during-the-transition-to-adulthood-in-egypt
#20
Jenny Liu, Sepideh Modrek, Maia Sieverding
BACKGROUND: There has been growing interest in the stalled transition to adulthood in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) and its consequences for young people's socioeconomic outcomes. However, little is known about how important life transitions relate to youth psychosocial well-being in the region. OBJECTIVE: Drawing on a life course framework, we estimate the associations between making transitions in education, employment, and marriage with changes in mental health among young people in Egypt...
2017: Demographic Research
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