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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199037/stability-and-change-in-patterns-of-eating-disorder-symptoms-from-adolescence-to-young-adulthood
#1
Carolyn M Pearson, Jonathan Miller, Diann M Ackard, Katie A Loth, Melanie M Wall, Ann F Haynos, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
Using a community adolescent sample, we aimed to (a) empirically derive eating disorder (ED) symptom groups, (b) examine the longitudinal stability of those groups over 10 years, and (c) identify risk factors associated with ED group stability and transition through young adulthood. Young people (N = 2,287) from the Project EAT cohort participated at baseline (1998-1999) and at 10-year follow-up (2008-2009). Participants completed anthropometric measures at baseline and self-report surveys on disordered eating symptoms and risk factors at both time points...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188795/maternal-imprisonment-economic-marginality-and-unmet-health-needs-in-early-adulthood
#2
Holly Foster, John Hagan
There is relatively little research on access to the health care needed by children whose mothers have been incarcerated, and even fewer studies of how effects of lack of access continue and cumulate as these children transition from living with parents, parent surrogates, or foster care into adulthood. We find in a nationally representative U.S. panel study (n=9418 participants from 1995 to 2007-2008 in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent and Adult Health) that young adult children of incarcerated mothers are less likely to receive the health care they need...
February 8, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188045/treatment-issues-for-children-with-epilepsy-transitioning-to-adult-care
#3
REVIEW
Rima Nabbout, Carol S Camfield, Danielle M Andrade, Alexis Arzimanoglou, Catherine Chiron, Joyce A Cramer, Jacqueline A French, Eric Kossoff, Marco Mula, Peter R Camfield
This is the third of three papers that summarize the second symposium on Transition in Epilepsies held in Paris in June 2016. This paper focuses on treatment issues that arise during the course of childhood epilepsy and make the process of transition to adult care more complicated. Some AEDs used during childhood, such as stiripentol, vigabatrin, and cannabidiol, are unfamiliar to adult epilepsy specialists. In addition, new drugs are being developed for treatment of specific childhood onset epilepsy syndromes and have no indication yet for adults...
February 7, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187948/alcohol-drinking-during-adolescence-increases-consumptive-responses-to-alcohol-in-adulthood-in-wistar-rats
#4
Leslie R Amodeo, Diana Kneiber, Derek N Wills, Cindy L Ehlers
Binge drinking and the onset of alcohol-use disorders usually peak during the transition between late adolescence and early adulthood, and early adolescent onset of alcohol consumption has been demonstrated to increase the risk for alcohol dependence in adulthood. In the present study, we describe an animal model of early adolescent alcohol consumption where animals drink unsweetened and unflavored ethanol in high concentrations (20%). Using this model, we investigated the influence of drinking on alcohol-related appetitive behavior and alcohol consumption levels in early adulthood...
February 7, 2017: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169212/associations-between-partnering-and-parenting-transitions-and-dietary-habits-in-young-adults
#5
Kylie J Smith, Sarah A McNaughton, Seana L Gall, Petr Otahal, Terence Dwyer, Alison J Venn
BACKGROUND: Partnering and parenting are important life-stage transitions that often occur during young adulthood. Little is known about how these transitions affect two dietary behaviors linked to increased cardiometabolic disease risk: skipping breakfast and takeaway-food consumption. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to examine whether partnering and parenting transitions during a 5-year period were associated with change in diet quality, skipping breakfast, and takeaway-food consumption...
February 3, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167517/the-need-to-optimize-adolescent-immunization
#6
Henry H Bernstein, Joseph A Bocchini
The adolescent period heralds the pediatric patient's transition into adulthood. It is a time of dynamic development during which effective preventive care measures can promote safe behaviors and the development of lifelong health habits. One of the foundations of preventive adolescent health care is timely vaccination, and every visit can be viewed as an opportunity to update and complete an adolescent's immunizations.In the past decade, the adolescent immunization schedule has expanded to include 2 doses of quadrivalent meningococcal conjugate vaccine, 1 dose of tetanus, diphtheria, acellular pertussis, absorbed vaccine, 2 or 3 doses of human papillomavirus vaccine, depending on the child's age, and an annual influenza vaccine...
February 6, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163084/research-needs-for-effective-transition-in-lifelong-care-of-congenital-genitourinary-conditions-a-workshop-sponsored-by-the-national-institute-of-diabetes-and-digestive-and-kidney-diseases
#7
REVIEW
Michael H Hsieh, Hadley M Wood, Brad E Dicianno, Nienke P Dosa, Veronica Gomez-Lobo, Tej K Mattoo, Rosalia Misseri, Jenna M Norton, Kathleen J Sawin, Peter Scal, James E Wright, Robert A Star, Tamara Bavendam
Over the last 5 decades, health-care advances have yielded quantum improvements in the life expectancy of individuals with congenital genitourinary conditions (CGCs), leading to a crisis of care. Many individuals with CGC enter adulthood unprepared to manage their condition. Pediatric CGC specialists lack training to manage adulthood-related health-care issues, whereas adult genitourinary specialists lack training within the context of CGCs. To address these challenges, the National Institutes of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases convened individuals with CGCs and experts from a variety of fields to identify research needs to improve transitional urology care...
February 2, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162841/adherence-to-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-medication-during-the-transition-to-college
#8
Megan R Schaefer, Alana Resmini Rawlinson, Scott T Wagoner, Steven K Shapiro, Jan Kavookjian, Wendy N Gray
PURPOSE: The present study explores the medication self-management experiences of adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) during their transition to young adulthood in college. METHODS: Participants were college freshmen with ADHD prescribed daily medication for their condition. Ten individual interviews were conducted using a semistructured interview script. Measures related to ADHD medication management were also completed. Qualitative data were analyzed via directed content analysis and quantitative data via descriptive statistics...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156024/a-systematic-review-of-adolescents-sense-of-coherence-and-health
#9
REVIEW
Helena Länsimies, Anna-Maija Pietilä, Soili Hietasola-Husu, Mari Kangasniemi
The aim of this systematic review was to describe the association between adolescent sense of coherence (SOC) and health and identify the future direction for research in this area. Systematic searches were conducted (2007-2014) in the PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO and Cochrane electronic databases and carried out manual searches in three scientific journals. A total of 827 original papers were found and 23 were selected. Based on the results, adolescents' sense of coherence (SOC) was related to health in terms of the adolescents' quality of life, health behaviour, mental health and family relationships by using 31 different health-related instruments...
February 3, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146141/type-1-diabetes-from-adolescence-to-adulthood-is-there-a-permanent-need-for-nutrition-education-and-reeducation
#10
Maja Baretić, Martina Matovinović Osvatić, Eva Pavić, Nada Rabađija, Valentina Uroić, Carolina Koletić, Nataša Rojnić Putarek, Ivana Pavlić Renar
BACKGROUND: The transition for type 1 diabetes patients from paediatric to adult diabetology care is challenging process for both medical team and patients. Adult diabetology usually insists on stricter goals and focuses on increased empowerment and self-care. We set to find a more practical and effective way to determine patient knowledge and skills during the transition. The aim of the study was to identify screening questions which best represent knowledge in management of type 1 diabetes and to explore the differences in the effect of a structured educational program for type 1 diabetes patient diagnosed in childhood versus adulthood...
January 31, 2017: Minerva Endocrinologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140737/the-caregivers-perspectives-of-burden-before-and-after-an-internet-based-intervention-of-young-persons-with-adhd-or-autism-spectrum-disorder
#11
Helena Söderqvist, Eklund Kajsa, Britt Hedman Ahlström, Elisabet Wentz
BACKGROUND: Everyday life in a family with a young person with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and/or autism spectrum disorder (ASD), is multifaceted and may be a burden to the caregivers. The aim was to explore experiences of the caregiver situation, and how they were affected when the young persons received Internet-Based Support and Coaching (IBSC). METHOD: A multiple descriptive case design was used. Ten caregivers of 10 young persons with ADHD and/or ASD participated, and completed a questionnaire, measuring caregiver burden...
January 31, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125984/the-youth-mental-health-risk-and-resilience-study-your-study
#12
Peter J Uhlhaas, Ruchika Gajwani, Joachim Gross, Andrew I Gumley, Stephen M Lawrie, Matthias Schwannauer
BACKGROUND: The transition from adolescence to adulthood is associated with the emergence of psychosis and other mental health problems, highlighting the importance of this developmental period for the understanding of developing psychopathology and individual differences in risk and resilience. The Youth Mental Health Risk and Resilience Study (YouR-Study) aims to identify neurobiological mechanisms and predictors of psychosis-risk with a state-of-the-art neuroimaging approach (Magnetoencephalography, Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, Magnetic Resonance Imaging) in combination with core psychological processes, such as affect regulation and attachment, that have been implicated in the development and maintenance of severe mental health problems...
January 26, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120160/the-effects-of-continuities-in-parent-and-peer-aggression-on-relational-intimate-partner-violence-in-the-transition-to-young-adulthood
#13
Bonnie J Leadbeater, Paweena Sukhawathanakul, Brett Holfeld, Jeffery R Temple
Past research suggests that exposure to parent psychological control and peer relational aggression and victimization experienced during adolescence is associated with relational intimate partner violence (IPV) in young adults (ages 22 to 29). However, the effects of continuities in these concerns across young adulthood have not been assessed. Relational IPV is characterized by behaviors intended to damage partner's emotional well-being and security in a romantic relationship (e.g., threatening to break up, purposefully ignoring, or causing jealousy)...
January 24, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114376/professional-s-perspectives-on-care-management-of-young-people-with-perinatally-acquired-hiv-during-transition-a-qualitative-study-in-adult-care-setting
#14
Enora Le Roux, Serge Gottot, Camille Aupiais, Thomas Girard, Maria Teixeira, Corinne Alberti
BACKGROUND: Increasing numbers of young people with perinatally acquired HIV are surviving to adulthood. When they come of age, they leave pediatric services in which they were followed and have to be transferred to the adult health care system. Difficulties in adaptation to adult care and the numbers of young people lost to follow up after transfer to adult care have been reported. This transition phase and their retention in adult care are crucial in maintaining the clinical status of these young with HIV in adulthood...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108176/differential-housing-and-novelty-response-protection-and-risk-from-locomotor-sensitization
#15
Erik J Garcia, Tara N Haddon, Donald A Saucier, Mary E Cain
: High novelty seeking increases the risk for drug experimentation and locomotor sensitization. Locomotor sensitization to psychostimulants is thought to reflect neurological adaptations that promote the transition to compulsive drug taking. Rats reared in enrichment (EC) show less locomotor sensitization when compared to rats reared in isolation (IC) or standard conditions (SC). The current research study was designed to test if novelty response contributed locomotor sensitization and more importantly, if the different housing environments could change the novelty response to protect against the development of locomotor sensitization in both adolescence and adulthood...
January 17, 2017: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099228/transitioning-to-second-line-antiretroviral-therapy-among-adolescents-in-copperbelt-province-zambia-predictors-of-treatment-switching-and-adherence-to-second-line-regimens
#16
Randy M Stalter, Patrick Katayamoyo, Catherine Packer, Harry Banda, Pai-Lien Chen, Jonathan K Mwansa, Donna R McCarraher, Julie A Denison
BACKGROUND: Adolescents living with HIV (ALHIV) experience less favorable antiretroviral therapy (ART) outcomes than other age groups. First-line treatment failure complicates ART management as second-line regimens can be costlier and have greater pill burdens. Understanding predictors of switching ART regimens and adherence among adolescents on second-line ART may help to prevent poor treatment outcomes. METHODS: A quantitative survey was administered to 309 ALHIV attending three ART clinics in the Copperbelt Province, Zambia...
January 16, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093873/diagnostic-and-management-challenges-from-childhood-puberty-through-to-transition-in-severe-insulin-resistance-due-to-insulin-receptor-mutations
#17
Christina Wei, Christine P Burren
Two Caucasian girls, both of normal weight and body mass indices, were diagnosed with type A insulin resistance (IR) in childhood. Case 1 presented with premature adrenarche aged 7 years, then by age 12 years had hirsutism, acne, acanthosis nigricans, and asymptomatic diabetes. Subsequent investigation revealed raised adiponectin (15.3 mg/L) and heterozygous p.Pro1205Leu mutation in the INSR gene encoding the insulin receptor. She experienced postprandial hypoglycaemia on metformin; acarbose was trialled and discontinued aged 16 years, as she became normoglycaemic...
January 17, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088743/socioeconomic-differences-in-adolescent-substance-abuse-treatment-participation-and-long-term-outcomes
#18
Camillia K Lui, Stacy A Sterling, Felicia W Chi, Yun Lu, Cynthia I Campbell
Socioeconomic status (SES) has been consistently linked to poorer access, utilization and outcomes of health care services, but this relationship has been understudied in adolescent substance abuse treatment research. This study examined SES differences in adolescent's treatment participation and long-term outcomes of abstinence and 12-step attendance over five years after treatment. Data are from 358 adolescents (ages 13-18) who were recruited at intake to substance abuse treatment between 2000 and 2002 at four Kaiser Permanente Northern California outpatient treatment programs...
May 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080438/maladaptive-schemas-mediate-poor-parental-attachment-and-suicidality-in-college-students
#19
Jennifer Langhinrichsen-Rohling, Kali Thompson, Candice Selwyn, Heather Finnegan, Tiffany Misra
In college-aged adults (n = 766), the transition to adulthood may aggravate risk factors for suicidal behavior such as poor parental attachment and maladaptive self-schemas. Since poor parental attachment may facilitate developing maladaptive self-related schemas, this study was designed to determine whether specific maladaptive schemas mediate the relation between poor parental attachment and college students' suicide proneness and ideation. Findings supported this hypothesis. Defectiveness and emotional deprivation schemas, which are consistent with "perceived burdensomeness" and "thwarted belonging" (Joiner, 2005 ), may be important intervention targets for suicide prevention programs...
January 12, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074850/juvenile-hormone-biosynthesis-in-adult-blattella-germanica-requires-nuclear-receptors-seven-up-and-ftz-f1
#20
Ferran Borras-Castells, Claudia Nieva, José L Maestro, Oscar Maestro, Xavier Belles, David Martín
In insects, the transition from juvenile development to the adult stage is controlled by juvenile hormone (JH) synthesized from the corpora allata (CA) glands. Whereas a JH-free period during the last juvenile instar triggers metamorphosis and the end of the growth period, the reappearance of this hormone after the imaginal molt marks the onset of reproductive adulthood. Despite the importance of such transition, the regulatory mechanism that controls it remains mostly unknown. Here, using the hemimetabolous insect Blattella germanica, we show that nuclear hormone receptors Seven-up-B (BgSvp-B) and Fushi tarazu-factor 1 (BgFTZ-F1) have essential roles in the tissue- and stage-specific activation of adult CA JH-biosynthetic activity...
January 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
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