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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324796/individual-mental-health-life-course-events-and-dynamic-neighbourhood-change-during-the-transition-to-adulthood
#1
Noli Brazil, William A V Clark
Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, this study examines the relationship between significant changes in neighbourhood poverty during the transition to adulthood and shifts in depressive symptoms. We found that associations between changes in neighbourhood poverty and mental health disappeared after controlling for contemporaneous life course events, specifically transitions associated with intimate relationship building and human capital formation. The exception is a decrease in depressive symptoms for females moving into lower poverty neighbourhoods across the entire transition to adulthood period...
March 18, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318659/cardiovascular-and-general-health-status-of-adults-with-trisomy-21
#2
Samuel A Hayes, Shelby Kutty, Joshua Thomas, Joyce T Johnson, Anji T Yetman
BACKGROUND: Patients with Trisomy 21 are now living well into adulthood. Little data exists to assist the cardiologist in the care of these patients. We sought to examine the cardiac and general health status of adults with Trisomy 21 undergoing cardiac evaluation. METHODS & RESULTS: A retrospective review of all affected adults >21years followed at 2 tertiary care institutions was performed. Of 193 patients identified, median age was 31 (range 21.1-60.5) years...
March 10, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318457/school-related-adjustment-in-children-and-adolescents-with-chd
#3
Yu-Mi Im, Sunhee Lee, Tae-Jin Yun, Jae Young Choi
Advancements in medical and surgical treatment have increased the life expectancy of patients with CHD. Many patients with CHD, however, struggle with the medical, psychosocial, and behavioural challenges as they transition from childhood to adulthood. Specifically, the environmental and lifestyle challenges in school are very important factors that affect children and adolescents with CHD. This study aimed to evaluate school-related adjustments depending on school level and disclosure of disease in children and adolescents with CHD...
March 20, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314463/successful-transition-to-young-adulthood-with-mental-illness-common-themes-and-future-directions
#4
REVIEW
D Catherine Fuchs, Adele Martel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314459/autism-spectrum-disorders-challenges-and-opportunities-for-transition-to-adulthood
#5
REVIEW
Gerrit I van Schalkwyk, Fred R Volkmar
Improved outcomes for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have opened a range of potential pathways during the transition to adulthood. These include attending college, entering the labor force, and achieving a degree of independent living. Less cognitively able individuals may be eligible for state benefits and may enter supported employment programs. Those attending college require careful support and planning. Practitioners need to be familiar with the unique needs of young adults with ASD. Further research should attempt to define the priorities of individuals and families with ASD making this transition and clarify the value of existing supports and interventions...
April 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314456/transitioning-to-adulthood-from-foster-care
#6
REVIEW
Terry Lee, Wynne Morgan
Transitional age foster youth do not typically receive the types of family supports their nonfoster peers enjoy. Many foster youth experience multiple adversities and often fare worse than nonfoster peers on long-term functional outcomes. Governments increasingly recognize their responsibility to act as parents for state dependents transitioning to adulthood and the need to provide services to address social/emotional supports, living skills, finances, housing, education, employment, and physical and mental health...
April 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314454/challenges-and-gaps-in-understanding-substance-use-problems-in-transitional-age-youth
#7
REVIEW
Oscar G Bukstein
Transitional age youth (TAY), developing from adolescence to adulthood, exhibit the highest level of alcohol and other drug use of any other age group. Risk factors mirror those for the development of problems and disorders in adolescents. Early screening of both college students and noncollege high-risk TAY in the community is critical to early and effective intervention. Brief interventions using motivational techniques are effective for many TAY, particularly for those in early stages of problem use on college campuses...
April 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314453/proximal-influences-on-the-trajectory-of-suicidal-behaviors-and-suicide-during-the-transition-from-adolescence-to-young-adulthood
#8
REVIEW
Aradhana Bela Sood, Julie Linker
Youth transitioning to adulthood have unique developmental tasks that make them vulnerable to suicide. Brain development, life stressors, and psychological adjustments during the transition contribute to a high rate of suicidal gestures. To reduce the incidence of self-harm in this age group, a public health approach that identifies and reduces risk factors and enhances protective factors should be used. Institutions and employment arenas should consider structural supports to facilitate this transition of youth into adulthood, with a particular focus on youth with self-harm thoughts, and should provide education about suicide, evidence-based resources, and intervention programs to encourage help seeking...
April 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314451/involving-parents-family-in-treatment-during-the-transition-from-late-adolescence-to-young-adulthood-rationale-strategies-ethics-and-legal-issues
#9
REVIEW
Cecilia M W Livesey, Anthony L Rostain
The progression from adolescence to adulthood is a time of tremendous change, characterized by issues of identity formation, autonomy, and shifting relationship dynamics. The family is embedded in all aspects of this transition and serves as both a protective support and a limiting factor, a complicated duality that raises psychological, ethical, and legal issues. This article discusses the influence of familial factors and provides assessment strategies for evaluating the family in relation to treatment of transitional age youth...
April 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314450/conceptualization-of-success-in-young-adulthood
#10
REVIEW
Maryland Pao
Successful transition from childhood to adulthood is context and culture dependent. This article reviews concepts of mental health and theoretic constructs of successful adulthood that suggest intentional policies and practices are developed with a specific vision of success. Parents, educators, mental health professionals, and policymakers need to be cognizant of their assumptions and essential roles in these processes. The early development of illness may disrupt and alter the timelines of different developmental milestones and trajectories...
April 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314449/aligning-mental-health-treatments-with-the-developmental-stage-and-needs-of-late-adolescents-and-young-adults
#11
REVIEW
Brian Skehan, Maryann Davis
Transitional age youth (TAY) are in a discrete developmental stage, different from both adolescents and mature adults. Serious mental illness can result in their delayed psychosocial development and morbidity. Systemic, provider, and individual barriers result in poor access to care for these youth, potentially impeding their transition to mature adulthood. Current strategies for TAY treatment include patient centered care, vocational and educational support, and shared decision making. There is a paucity of evidence-based practices to effectively treat this population or provide practice guidelines...
April 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314447/developmental-psychopathology-risk-and-resilience-in-the-transition-to-young-adulthood
#12
REVIEW
Patricia K Leebens, Edwin D Williamson
The transition from adolescence to young adulthood is a challenging time for many young people, given the multiple simultaneous demands placed by biological, psychological, and social forces that affect an individual's development. There are additional challenges when one is coping with ongoing or evolving mental health disorders. This article focuses on the demographics of transitional age youth, ages 16 to 26 years, in the United States, the unique characteristics of this developmental period, and how risk and resilience factors may affect the course of development and an individual's pathway to adulthood...
April 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302576/adolescent-chronic-escalating-morphine-administration-induces-long-lasting-changes-in-tolerance-and-dependence-to-morphine-in-rats
#13
Hamed Salmanzadeh, Hossein Azizi, Saeed Semnanian
Adolescence is a gradual period of transition from childhood to adulthood. It is considered as a sensitive developmental time point that long lasting changes occur in the brain. The present study examined adolescent chronic escalating morphine administration on morphine tolerance and dependence in adulthood. Adolescent male Wistar rats (30days old) were administered increasing doses of morphine (2.5 to 25mg/kg, s.c.) every 12h, for 10days. Control rats received saline according to the same protocol. Thereafter, during adulthood (65-75days old), tolerance to antinociceptive effect of morphine was induced by subcutaneous injection of 3mg/kg morphine, once a day for 7days...
March 13, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301538/do-intrapersonal-factors-mediate-the-association-of-social-support-with-physical-activity-in-young-women-living-in-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-neighbourhoods-a-longitudinal-mediation-analysis
#14
Anouk Middelweerd, Saskia J Te Velde, Gavin Abbott, Anna Timperio, Johannes Brug, Kylie Ball
BACKGROUND: Levels of physical activity (PA) decrease when transitioning from adolescence into young adulthood. Evidence suggests that social support and intrapersonal factors (self-efficacy, outcome expectations, PA enjoyment) are associated with PA. The aim of the present study was to explore whether cross-sectional and longitudinal associations of social support from family and friends with leisure-time PA (LTPA) among young women living in disadvantaged areas were mediated by intrapersonal factors (PA enjoyment, outcome expectations, self-efficacy)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295845/intergenerational-mentoring-at-men-s-sheds-a-feasibility-study
#15
Nathan J Wilson, Reinie Cordier, Marina Ciccarelli, Judith MacCallum, Benjamin Milbourn, Sharmila Vaz, Annette Joosten, Angus Buchanan, Tomomi McAuliffe, Roger J Stancliffe
BACKGROUND: This study reports on the feasibility of an intergenerational mentoring programme for youth with intellectual disability (ID) aimed at developing skills and building networks. METHODS: Youth with ID were paired with older male mentors who were trained to support the mentees participate in activities and social interactions during weekly sessions. We interviewed the mentees and mentors, and assessed them on a range of outcomes using standardized measures...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295312/young-adult-outcomes-in-the-follow-up-of-the-multimodal-treatment-study-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptom-persistence-source-discrepancy-and-height-suppression
#16
James M Swanson, L Eugene Arnold, Brooke S G Molina, Margaret H Sibley, Lily T Hechtman, Stephen P Hinshaw, Howard B Abikoff, Annamarie Stehli, Elizabeth B Owens, John T Mitchell, Quyen Nichols, Andrea Howard, Laurence L Greenhill, Betsy Hoza, Jeffrey H Newcorn, Peter S Jensen, Benedetto Vitiello, Timothy Wigal, Jeffery N Epstein, Leanne Tamm, Kimberly D Lakes, James Waxmonsky, Marc Lerner, Joy Etcovitch, Desiree W Murray, Maximilian Muenke, Maria T Acosta, Mauricio Arcos-Burgos, William E Pelham, Helena C Kraemer
BACKGROUND: The Multimodal Treatment Study (MTA) began as a 14-month randomized clinical trial of behavioral and pharmacological treatments of 579 children (7-10 years of age) diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)-combined type. It transitioned into an observational long-term follow-up of 515 cases consented for continuation and 289 classmates (258 without ADHD) added as a local normative comparison group (LNCG), with assessments 2-16 years after baseline. METHODS: Primary (symptom severity) and secondary (adult height) outcomes in adulthood were specified...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289431/management-issues-of-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia-during-the-transition-from-pediatric-to-adult-care
#17
REVIEW
Jin-Ho Choi, Han-Wook Yoo
Steroid 21-hydroxylase deficiency is the most prevalent form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), accounting for approximately 95% of cases. With the advent of newborn screening and hormone replacement therapy, most children with CAH survive into adulthood. Adolescents and adults with CAH experience a number of complications, including short stature, obesity, infertility, tumor, osteoporosis, and reduced quality of life. Transition from pediatric to adult care and management of long-term complications are challenging for both patients and health-care providers...
February 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287306/sex-based-differences-in-the-determinants-of-old-age-life-expectancy-the-influence-of-perimenopause
#18
April M Falconi
Studies using the sensitive periods framework typically examine the effects of early life exposures on later life health, due to the significant growth and development occurring during the first few years of life. The menopausal transition (i.e., perimenopause) is similarly characterized by rapid physiological change, yet rarely has been tested as a sensitive window in adulthood. Cohort mortality data drawn from three historic populations, Sweden (1751-1919), France (1816-1919), and England and Wales (1841-1919), were analyzed using time series methods to assess whether conditions at midlife significantly influenced or "programmed" later life longevity...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265329/the-transition-process-of-spina-bifida-patients-to-adult-centred-care-an-assessment-of-the-canadian-urology-landscape
#19
REVIEW
Amy Wajchendler, Peter Anderson, Martin A Koyle
INTRODUCTION: Due to medical advances over the past three decades, the vast majority of children with spina bifida (SB) now survive into adulthood. As a result, there is a need to implement a well-defined urological transition process for these patients from the pediatric to adult environment. The objective of this study was to identify and analyze the current medical practices employed and the attitudes regarding transition by Canadian pediatric urologists caring for the SB population...
January 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262326/profiles-in-health-multiple-roles-and-health-lifestyles-in-early-adulthood
#20
Trenton D Mize
RATIONALE: Despite theoretical work suggesting that health behaviors should be considered in tandem rather than as individual and disconnected practices, little quantitative work has examined different lifestyles of health behavior practices. In addition, while a significant body of work has examined the association of holding multiple social roles and health outcomes, little work has examined how acquiring multiple roles in early adulthood influences health behavior. OBJECTIVE: This article (a) illustrates the utility of examining health lifestyles-defined as constellations of individual health behavior practices-and (b) contributes to the literature on how accumulating multiple social roles is associated with health...
February 21, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
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