keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

transition to adulthood

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160192/sibship-size-and-young-women-s-transitions-to-adulthood-in-india
#1
K G Santhya, A J Francis Zavier
In India, a substantial proportion of young people are growing up in smaller families with fewer siblings than earlier generations of young people. Studies exploring the associations between declines in sibship size and young people's life experiences are limited. Drawing on data from a sub-nationally representative study conducted in 2006-08 of over 50,000 youths in India, this paper examines the associations between surviving sibship size and young women's (age 20-24) transitions to adulthood. Young women who reported no or a single surviving sibling were categorized as those with a small surviving sibship size, and those who reported two or more surviving siblings as those with a large surviving sibship size...
November 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154688/substance-use-and-cognitive-function-as-drivers-of-condomless-anal-sex-among-hiv-positive-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-aged-50-and-older-the-gold-studies
#2
Sandra A Kupprat, Kristen D Krause, Danielle C Ompad, Perry N Halkitis
PURPOSE: Substance use has been linked to the sexual transmission of HIV among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) across the lifespan. Among older, HIV-positive, MSM populations, cognitive dysfunction associated with age and HIV disease progression also may play a role in sexual risk-taking. People aged 50 years and older represent a growing proportion of the overall HIV-positive population. This study aimed to explore relationships between substance use and cognitive function, and their impact on condomless anal sex (CAS) among HIV-positive gay, bisexual, and other MSM aged 50 years and older...
November 20, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151450/identification-and-expression-analysis-of-cdna-encoding-insulin-like-growth-factor-2-in-horses
#3
Kohta Kikuchi, Keisuke Sasaki, Hiroki Akizawa, Hayato Tsukahara, Hanako Bai, Masashi Takahashi, Yasuo Nambo, Hiroshi Hata, Manabu Kawahara
Insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2) is responsible for a broad range of physiological processes during fetal development and adulthood, but genomic analyses of IGF2 containing the 5'- and 3'-untranslated regions (UTRs) in equines have been limited. In this study, we characterized the IGF2 mRNA containing the UTRs, and determined its expression pattern in the fetal tissues of horses. The complete equine IGF2 mRNA sequence harboring another exon approximately 2.8 kb upstream from the canonical transcription start site was identified as a new transcript variant...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146566/improving-transition-to-employment-for-youth-with-physical-disabilities-protocol-for-a-peer-electronic-mentoring-intervention
#4
Sally Lindsay, Jennifer Stinson, Mary Stergiou-Kita, Joanne Leck
BACKGROUND: Although youth with disabilities have much to gain from employment readiness programs, they are often excluded from or have limited access to vocational programs. One encouraging approach to address gaps in vocational programming is through peer electronic mentoring (e-mentoring), which may facilitate a smoother transition to adulthood by offering support to enhance coping skills. Despite the increase in online communities, little is known about their impact on vocational mentoring for youth with physical disabilities and their parents...
November 16, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144027/longitudinal-change-in-adolescents-prosocial-behavior-toward-strangers-friends-and-family
#5
Laura M Padilla-Walker, Gustavo Carlo, Madison K Memmott-Elison
There is little understanding about how prosocial behavior toward different targets might change over time, and what might promote initial levels and age-related changes in prosocial behavior. Thus, this study examined longitudinal change in prosocial behavior toward strangers, friends, and family from early adolescence through the transition to adulthood. Participants included 500 adolescents from the United States (age 12 to age 20; 52% female, 65% European American). Latent growth curve models suggested that prosocial behavior toward strangers increased across early to mid-adolescence and then flattened out during the transition to adulthood, prosocial behavior toward friends increased steadily, and prosocial behavior toward family was relatively stable across adolescence and then increased...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139024/immigrant-trauma-and-mental-health-outcomes-among-latino-youth
#6
Sean D Cleary, Ryan Snead, Daniela Dietz-Chavez, Ivonne Rivera, Mark C Edberg
While research has demonstrated an association between trauma and mental health, this study examined the association between trauma experienced premigration, during migration, and postmigration, and current mental health status among Latino youth aged 12-17 years old living in the US for < 3 years. Participants reported traumatic events experienced in their home country, during migration, and after settling in the US. Regression models examined trauma experienced at each stage of the migration process predicting current levels of depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132950/fifteen-year-weight-and-disordered-eating-patterns-among-community-based-adolescents
#7
Andrea B Goldschmidt, Melanie M Wall, Tse-Hwei J Choo, E Whitney Evans, Elissa Jelalian, Nicole Larson, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
INTRODUCTION: The current study aims to characterize weight-change trajectories and their concomitant associations with prospectively measured dieting and other disordered eating behaviors among initially nonoverweight adolescents during the transition to adulthood. METHODS: A population-based sample (n=1,091) self-reported their height/weight, dieting, unhealthy weight-control behaviors, and binge eating at 5-year intervals between 1998/1999 and 2013/2014, spanning early/middle adolescence through middle/late young adulthood...
November 10, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126965/brain-state-expression-and-transitions-are-related-to-complex-executive-cognition-in-normative-neurodevelopment
#8
John D Medaglia, Theodore D Satterthwaite, Apoorva Kelkar, Rastko Ciric, Tyler M Moore, Kosha Ruparel, Ruben C Gur, Raquel E Gur, Danielle S Bassett
Adolescence is marked by rapid development of executive function. Mounting evidence suggests that executive function in adults may be driven by dynamic control of neurophysiological processes. Yet, how these dynamics evolve over adolescence and contribute to cognitive development is unknown. In a sample of 780 youth aged 8-22 yr (42.7% male) from the Philadelphia Neurodevelopment Cohort, we use a dynamic graph approach to extract activation states in BOLD fMRI data from 264 brain regions. We construct a graph in which each observation in time is a node and the similarity in brain states at two different times is an edge...
November 7, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126287/for-better-or-worse-couples-time-together-in-encore-adulthood
#9
Katie R Genadek, Sarah M Flood, Phyllis Moen
Objective: This study examined the amount of time married couples share together in a new "encore adult" life course stage around the 50s, 60s, and 70s. Also investigated was the relationship between shared time and experienced well-being for this age group. Method: Time diary and survey data were used from nationally representative 2003-2014 American Time Use Survey (ATUS) data for 26,303 adults aged 50-79 years. Analyses examined amount of total and exclusive shared couple time and experiences of happiness and stress when together using multivariate models...
November 4, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125799/body-growth-and-rapid-hematological-development-support-breath-hold-of-baby-belugas-delphinapterus-leucas-during-subice-transit
#10
Shawn R Noren, Caryn P Poll, Matthew S Edwards
Body size and oxygen stores in the blood and muscle set breath-hold limits in marine mammals, yet these characteristics are understudied in immature cetaceans. We examined body mass and hematology from birth through adulthood in beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas). At birth, body mass was 8% and 6% of the maximum mass recorded for adult females and males, respectively. Body mass then increased rapidly, approaching an asymptote around 12 yr for females and 18 yr for males. Interestingly, red blood cell counts, hemoglobin content, and hematocrit levels decreased after birth; this neonatal anemia was reversed as levels increased after 2 mo postpartum...
January 2018: Physiological and Biochemical Zoology: PBZ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125507/self-management-and-health-care-transition-trials-tribulations-and-triumphs
#11
Cecily L Betz
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to provide perspectives pertaining to the importance of fostering comprehensive self-management competencies of AEA-SHCN, with attention directed to AEA with spina bifida based upon the Health Care Transition Research Consortium Health Care Transition model. This article is based upon the plenary presentation given at the Spina Bifida 3rd World Congress, entitled, Self-Management and Health Care Transition: Trials, Tribulations and Triumphs. METHOD: A historical perspective of healthcare transition initiatives and best practice guidelines is provided that have influenced the field of research and practice...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123972/how-does-early-adulthood-arrest-alter-substance-use-behavior-are-there-differential-effects-by-race-ethnicity-and-gender
#12
Connie Hassett-Walker, Katrina Walsemann, Bethany Bell, Calley Fisk, Mark Shadden, Weidan Zhou
Purpose: Much criminal justice research has ignored racial/ethnic and gender differences in substance use subsequent to criminal justice involvement. This paper investigated how early adulthood arrest (i.e., 18 to 21 years of age) influences individuals' subsequent transitions from non-substance use to substance use, and substance use to non-substance use through age 30. We also consider if these relationships differ by race/ethnicity and gender. Processes proscribed by labeling theory subsequent to getting arrested are considered...
June 2017: Journal of Developmental and Life-course Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120205/university-counseling-service-for-improving-students-mental-health
#13
Francesca Vescovelli, Paolo Melani, Chiara Ruini, Pio Enrico Ricci Bitti, Fiorella Monti
The main aims of this study were to provide an initial sociodemographic and clinical characterization of university students' academic and psychological functioning and to investigate and compare the feasibility and clinical utility of psychotherapies (cognitive behavior vs. psychodynamic) delivered at a large University in Northern Italy for improving university students' mental health, using self and observer-report measures. One hundred forty-9 students (102 women; MAge = 24.55, SD = 3.35) were consecutively interviewed and extensively assessed by independent clinicians of the Service before and after the intervention, using the Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation and the Global Assessment Scale...
November 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117555/mitochondrial-stress-restores-the-heat-shock-response-and-prevents-proteostasis-collapse-during-aging
#14
Johnathan Labbadia, Renee M Brielmann, Mario F Neto, Yi-Fan Lin, Cole M Haynes, Richard I Morimoto
In Caenorhabditis elegans, the programmed repression of the heat shock response (HSR) accompanies the transition to reproductive maturity, leaving cells vulnerable to environmental stress and protein aggregation with age. To identify the factors driving this event, we performed an unbiased genetic screen for suppressors of stress resistance and identified the mitochondrial electron transport chain (ETC) as a central regulator of the age-related decline of the HSR and cytosolic proteostasis. Mild downregulation of ETC activity, either by genetic modulation or exposure to mitochondria-targeted xenobiotics, maintained the HSR in adulthood by increasing HSF-1 binding and RNA polymerase II recruitment at HSF-1 target genes...
November 7, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117244/re-establishing-safer-medical-circumcision-integrated-initiation-ceremonies-for-hiv-prevention-in-a-rural-setting-in-papua-new-guinea-a-multi-method-acceptability-study
#15
Clement Morris Manineng, David MacLaren, Maggie Baigry, Emil Trowalle, Reinhold Muller, Andrew Vallely, Patrick Gesch, Francis Hombhanje, William John McBride
BACKGROUND: Efforts to stem the spread of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) in Papua New Guinea (PNG) are hampered by multiple interrelated factors including limited health services, extreme diversities in culture and language and highly prevalent gender inequity, domestic violence and poverty. In the rural district of Yangoru-Saussia, a revival of previously ceased male initiation ceremonies (MICs) is being considered for a comprehensive approach to HIV prevention. In this study, we explore the local acceptability of this undertaking including replacing traditional penile cutting practices with medical male circumcision (MMC)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113842/ambulatory-care-utilization-among-patients-with-spina-bifida-change-in-care-from-childhood-to-adulthood
#16
Courtney L Shepard, Ella J Doerge, Adam B Eickmeyer, Kate H Kraft, Julian Wan, John T Stoffel
PURPOSE: We examined the ambulatory health care visit utilization of spina bifida children, adults who transitioned to adult care, and adults who continued to seek care in a pediatric setting. METHODS: We evaluated utilization over a one-year period for SB patients who visited any outpatient medical clinic within an integrated health care system. Patients were categorized as pediatric (<18) or adult (> 18). Adults were divided into those who did not fully transition to adult care (DNT) and patients who fully transitioned (adult)...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111880/early-marriage-and-cultural-constructions-of-adulthood-in-two-slums-in-dar-es-salaam
#17
Laura Stark
This study examines under-18 marriage in urban Tanzania from an ethnographic perspective. Due to poverty and high unemployment, some girls aspire to early marriage. Two pathways to early marriage are identified: first, poverty and gendered economic disparities motivate girls to begin transactional sexual activity at an early age, leading parents to favour early marriage as a risk-reduction measure. Second, educational opportunities are often closed off to girls before marriage, as a result of which early marriage becomes the only culturally approved pathway that allows girls to present themselves to others as a self-sufficient agent...
November 7, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110823/assessment-and-significance-of-long-term-outcomes-in-pediatric-surgery
#18
Hanneke IJsselstijn, Saskia J Gischler, René M H Wijnen, Dick Tibboel
Treatment modalities for newborns with anatomical congenital anomalies have greatly improved over the past decades, with a concomitant increase in survival. This review will briefly discuss specific long-term outcomes to illustrate, which domains deserve to be considered in long-term follow-up of patients with anatomical congenital anomalies. Apart from having disease-specific morbidities these children are at risk for impaired neurodevelopmental problems and school failure, which may affect participation in society in later life...
October 2017: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103190/factors-related-to-incomplete-adherence-to-antiretroviral-therapy-among-adolescents-attending-three-hiv-clinics-in-the-copperbelt-zambia
#19
Julie A Denison, Catherine Packer, Randy M Stalter, Harry Banda, Sarah Mercer, Namakau Nyambe, Patrick Katayamoyo, Jonathan K Mwansa, Donna R McCarraher
Little is known about adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) among adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa, where the majority of the world's HIV-positive adolescents reside. We assessed individual, household, and HIV self-management characteristics associated with a 48-hour treatment gap in the preceding 3 months, and a pharmacy medication possession ratio (MPR) that assessed the number of ART pills dispensed divided by the number of ART pills required in the past 6 months, among 285 Zambians, ages 15-19 years...
November 4, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102727/assessment-of-the-acquisition-of-executive-function-during-the-transition-from-adolescence-to-adulthood-in-male-and-female-mice
#20
Ryan Shepard, Emily Beckett, Laurence Coutellier
Executive functions (EF) reached full maturity during the transition from adolescence to adulthood. Human studies provide important information about adolescent developmental trajectories; however, little remains known about the neural circuits underlying the acquisition of mature EF. Ethical and technical considerations with human subjects limit opportunities to design experimental studies that allows for an in-depth understanding of developmental changes in neural circuits that regulate cognitive maturation...
November 2, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
keyword
keyword
57843
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"