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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644777/transitional-instability-predicts-polymorphous-distress-in-emerging-adults
#1
Chris Segrin, Corey A Pavlich, Melissa McNelis
The primary aim of this investigation is to determine the extent to which transitional instability can predict diverse markers of distress in emerging adults. Participants were 210 emerging adults, aged 18-25 who completed measures of distress that included loneliness, stress, problem drinking, and prescription medication use. One year later, they returned to complete these same measures of distress along with a measure of significant life transitions that they encountered during the past year in such domains as education, employment, residence, and relationships...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644509/comparative-transcriptomic-analysis-of-two-important-life-stages-of-angiostrongylus-cantonensis-fifth-stage-larvae-and-female-adults
#2
Liang Yu, Binbin Cao, Ying Long, Meks Tukayo, Chonglv Feng, Wenzhen Fang, Damin Luo
The mechanisms involved in the fast growth of Angiostrongylus cantonensis from fifth-stage larvae (L5) to female adults and how L5 breaks through the blood-brain barrier in a permissive host remain unclear. In this work, we compared the transcriptomes of these two life stages to identify the main factors involved in the rapid growth and transition to adulthood. RNA samples from the two stages were sequenced and assembled de novo. Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway analyses of 1,346 differentially expressed genes between L5 and female adults was then undertaken...
April 2017: Genetics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644350/lack-of-knowledge-and-low-readiness-for-health-care-transition-in-eosinophilic-esophagitis-and-eosinophilic-gastroenteritis
#3
Swathi Eluri, Wendy M Book, Ellyn Kodroff, Mary Jo Strobel, Jessica H Gebhart, Patricia D Jones, Paul Menard-Katcher, Maria E Ferris, Evan S Dellon
OBJECTIVES: A growing population of adolescents/young adults with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) and eosinophilic gastroenteritis (EGE) will need to transition from pediatric to adult health providers. Measuring health care transition (HCT) readiness is critical, but no studies have evaluated this process in EoE/EGE. We determined the scope and predictors of HCT knowledge in patients and parents with EoE/EGE and measured HCT readiness in adolescents/young adults. METHODS: We conducted an online survey of patients 13 years or older and parents of patients with EoE/EGE who were diagnosed when 25 years or younger...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641063/launching-adoptees-into-adulthood-mothers-and-fathers-promotion-of-volitional-functioning
#4
Sonia Ranieri, Laura Ferrari, Daniela Barni, Rosa Rosnati
In the psychological literature, there is growing evidence that parental support of children's volitional functioning is one of the most prominent protective factors during adolescence and the transition to adulthood. According to the Self-Determination Theory, children cope best with developmental tasks when they acquire a sense of self-governance and self-endorsed functioning. In the field of adoption research, however, the parental promotion of volitional functioning (PVF) and its relation to the adopted child's development are still underinvestigated...
July 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639838/provider-perceptions-of-stigma-and-discrimination-experienced-by-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-phiv-while-accessing-sexual-and-reproductive-health-care
#5
Cynthia D Fair, Meredith Berk
Historically, children with perinatally-acquired HIV (PHIV) were viewed as the "innocent victims" as their HIV infection was not acquired through sexual/drug related means. Today, adolescents with PHIV are surviving into young adulthood and are engaging in developmentally expected behaviors such as establishing intimate, sexual relationships. Like other youth, those living with PHIV often need to access sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services. Previous research has documented stigma and discrimination experienced by adult women living with HIV as they try to access SRH care...
June 22, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622972/a-patient-led-international-study-of-long-term-outcomes-of-esophageal-atresia-eat-1
#6
Evelyn Svoboda, JoAnne Fruithof, Anke Widenmann-Grolig, Graham Slater, Frederic Armand, Bernhard Warner, Simon Eaton, Paolo De Coppi, Edward Hannon
INTRODUCTION: Long term outcomes of esophageal atresia (OA) are poorly understood. The Federation of Esophageal Atresia and Tracheo-Esophageal Fistula support groups (EAT), a collaboration of patient support groups aimed to define patient reported long term outcomes and quality of life (QoL) in a large international cohort of OA patients. METHODS: Questionnaires were designed focusing on patient/parent reported outcomes including surgical history, current symptomatology and quality of life...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620004/cancer-and-central-nervous-system-tumor-surveillance-in-pediatric-neurofibromatosis-1
#7
REVIEW
D Gareth R Evans, Hector Salvador, Vivian Y Chang, Ayelet Erez, Stephan D Voss, Kami Wolfe Schneider, Hamish S Scott, Sharon E Plon, Uri Tabori
Although the neurofibromatoses consist of at least three autosomal dominantly inherited disorders, neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1), neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2), and schwannomatosis, NF1 represents a multisystem pleiotropic condition very different from the other two. NF1 is a genetic syndrome first manifesting in childhood; affecting multiple organs, childhood development, and neurocognitive status; and presenting the clinician with often complex management decisions that require a multidisciplinary approach. Molecular genetic testing (see article for detailed discussion) is recommended to confirm NF1, particularly in children fulfilling only pigmentary features of the diagnostic criteria...
June 15, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615762/prevalence-of-depression-among-school-going-adolescents-in-an-urban-area-of-bihar-india
#8
Kunal Kishor Jha, Satyajeet Kumar Singh, Santosh Kumar Nirala, Chandramani Kumar, Pragya Kumar, Neeraj Aggrawal
INTRODUCTION: Depression is one of the under-recognized health problems in adolescents. Emotional instability resulted from childhood to adulthood transition makes adolescents vulnerable to depression. AIMS: The aim of the study was to explore the prevalence of depression and its associated sociodemographic factors among school-going adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was undertaken from January 2016 to June 2016 in adolescents studying in 9-12(th) standard from forty schools located in an urban area of Patna, Bihar...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613366/-transitional-psychiatry-in-the-netherlands-experiences-and-views-of-mental-health-professionals
#9
S E Gerritsen, G C Dieleman, M A C Beltman, A A M Tangenbergh, A Maras, T A M J van Amelsvoort, A L van Staa
Psychopathology manifests itself primarily in late adolescence and continues into adulthood. Continuity of care is essential during this phase of life. The current care service distinguishes between child/adolescent (CAMHS) and adult mental health services (AMHS). The separation of services can interfere with the continuity of care.<br/> AIM: To map professionals' experiences of and views on the transition and associated problems that young people can experience as they are transferred from CAMHS to AMHS...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612973/survivors-of-childhood-brain-tumors-and-their-caregivers-transition-to-adulthood
#10
Lamia P Barakat, Wendy Hobbie, Jane Minturn, Janet Deatrick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612209/the-developmental-unfolding-of-sibling-influences-on-alcohol-use-over-time
#11
Diana R Samek, Rebecca J Goodman, Lucy Riley, Matt McGue, William G Iacono
Research has long demonstrated that siblings are similar in their alcohol use, however much of this work relies on cross-sectional samples or samples of adolescents alone and/or exclusive focus on older siblings' impact on younger siblings. Using a three time-point design from early adolescence to early adulthood (M ages = 14.9, 18.3, and 22.4 years, respectively; 55% female; 54% European ancestry, 38% Asian ancestry), we evaluated the prospective older and younger sibling influences on alcohol use across time (N = 613 sibling pairs; 35% sisters, 26% brothers, 39% mixed-gender; average age difference = 2...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611972/racial-discrimination-during-adolescence-predicts-mental-health-deterioration-in-adulthood-gender-differences-among-blacks
#12
Shervin Assari, Ehsan Moazen-Zadeh, Cleopatra Howard Caldwell, Marc A Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: Despite the existing knowledge regarding the negative mental health consequences of perceived racial discrimination, very few researchers have used a longitudinal design with long-term follow-up periods to explore gender differences in this association over time. OBJECTIVE: The current longitudinal study aimed to investigate gender differences in predictive role of an increase in perceived racial discrimination during adolescence for mental health deterioration a decade later when they are transitioning to young adulthood...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611007/using-social-media-to-deliver-weight-loss-programming-to-young-adults-design-and-rationale-for-the-healthy-body-healthy-u-hbhu-trial
#13
Melissa A Napolitano, Jessica A Whiteley, Meghan N Mavredes, Jamie Faro, Loretta DiPietro, Laura L Hayman, Charles J Neighbors, Samuel Simmens
BACKGROUND: The transitional period from late adolescence to early adulthood is a vulnerable period for weight gain, with a twofold increase in overweight/obesity during this life transition. In the United States, approximately one-third of young adults have obesity and are at a high risk for weight gain. PURPOSE: To describe the design and rationale of a National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) sponsored randomized, controlled clinical trial, the Healthy Body Healthy U (HBHU) study, which compares the differential efficacy of three interventions on weight loss among young adults aged 18-35years...
June 10, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599850/tobacco-and-alcohol-use-during-adolescence-interactive-mechanisms-in-animal-models
#14
REVIEW
Yael Abreu-Villaça, Alex C Manhães, Thomas E Krahe, Claudio C Filgueiras, Anderson Ribeiro-Carvalho
There is a strong association between tobacco smoking and the consumption of alcoholic beverages. When compared to the effects of either drug on its own, the combined use may lead to worsened outcomes, such as less successful quitting attempts and increased likelihood of developing mood disorders. Co-consumption most frequently begins during adolescence, a developmental period that is characterized by an increased risk for substance use disorders. However, to date, most studies that have contributed to the current state of knowledge on the mechanisms that underlie tobacco or alcohol use/abuse, and their consequences, adopted adult animal models...
June 6, 2017: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599029/transition-consultation-models-in-two-academic-medical-centers
#15
Jessica I Gold, Rebecca Boudos, Parag Shah, Rita Rossi-Foulkes
Health care transition (HCT), the organized progression from pediatric- to adult-focused models of care, is crucial for patients with chronic childhood conditions. More adolescents with chronic conditions now survive into adulthood and have increased risk of adverse events during HCT. Got Transition-an agreement between the Maternal and Child Health Bureau and the National Alliance to Advance Adolescent Health-developed the Six Core Elements of Health Care Transition 2.0, defining the components of HCT. Most HCT programs incorporate these elements, but delivery varies...
June 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599028/transitioning-the-allergy-immunology-patient-from-childhood-to-adulthood
#16
Flavia C L Hoyte
Allergic disorders and immunodeficiencies are generally chronic and even lifelong conditions, often changing over time, making the cautious transition of care from childhood to adulthood particularly important. Many, but not all, patients can continue to receive their care from the same physician as they transition through adolescence and emerging adulthood, made possible because allergy/immunology training programs require cross-training in the care of both pediatric and adult patients. Although keeping the same physician makes the transition easier for many allergy/immunology patients, even these patients face psychosocial issues unique to adolescents and emerging adults, including increased autonomy, risk-taking behavior, and medical self-management...
June 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599026/transition-issues-and-challenges-for-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#17
Fred R Volkmar, Scott L J Jackson, Logan Hart
Earlier detection and effective, evidence-based practices are gradually improving outcomes for people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Although some continue to need intensive support as adults, an increasing number are now going to college, becoming independent, and marrying. With the transition to adulthood, people with ASD will face a number of significant challenges. Health care providers who are knowledgeable about these challenges can help foster better outcomes and support those requiring higher levels of care...
June 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596067/architecture-and-functioning-of-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-services-a-28-country-survey-in-europe
#18
Giulia Signorini, Swaran P Singh, Vlatka Boricevic-Marsanic, Gwen Dieleman, Katarina Dodig-Ćurković, Tomislav Franic, Suzanne E Gerritsen, James Griffin, Athanasios Maras, Fiona McNicholas, Lesley O'Hara, Diane Purper-Ouakil, Moli Paul, Ulrike Schulze, Cathy Street, Sabine Tremmery, Helena Tuomainen, Frank Verhulst, Jane Warwick, Giovanni de Girolamo
The WHO Child and Adolescent Mental Health Atlas, published in 2005, reported that child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) in Europe differed substantially in their architecture and functioning. We assessed the characteristics of national CAMHS across the European Union (EU), including legal aspects of adolescent care. Using an online mapping survey aimed at expert(s) in each country, we obtained data for all 28 countries in the EU. The characteristics and activities of CAMHS (ie, availability of services, inpatient beds, and clinicians and organisations, and delivery of specific CAMHS services and treatments) varied considerably between countries, as did funding sources and user access...
June 5, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590816/found-in-transition
#19
Nicholas Medforth, Elaine Huntingdon
The journey to adulthood is complex and multi-dimensional. Young people may be independent in some spheres of their lives, but dependent in others. For young people with a disability, long-term condition, or mental health problem there are additional hurdles. As they move between health and social care services, they will find significant differences in expectations, delivery, and culture. At the same time, their own needs will be evolving. Despite a great deal of guidance on effective transition support, in 2014, England's Care Quality Commission highlighted a shortfall between policy and practice...
June 7, 2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587592/bayesian-hierarchical-piecewise-regression-models-a-tool-to-detect-trajectory-divergence-between-groups-in-long-term-observational-studies
#20
Marie-Jeanne Buscot, Simon S Wotherspoon, Costan G Magnussen, Markus Juonala, Matthew A Sabin, David P Burgner, Terho Lehtimäki, Jorma S A Viikari, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Olli T Raitakari, Russell J Thomson
BACKGROUND: Bayesian hierarchical piecewise regression (BHPR) modeling has not been previously formulated to detect and characterise the mechanism of trajectory divergence between groups of participants that have longitudinal responses with distinct developmental phases. These models are useful when participants in a prospective cohort study are grouped according to a distal dichotomous health outcome. Indeed, a refined understanding of how deleterious risk factor profiles develop across the life-course may help inform early-life interventions...
June 6, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
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