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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323534/healthy-foods-prepared-at-home-diet-and-support-as-protective-strategies-during-pregnancy-for-hispanic-women
#1
Allison L Hopkins, Michelle Yeoman, Cheryl Ritenbaugh
Birth outcomes tend to be better among Hispanics than among other ethnic groups, even when matched for poverty and education, and foreign-born Latinas compared to their US-born counterparts. These patterns suggest that sociocultural factors exhibited by recent immigrants have the potential to protect birth outcomes against the instability of minority and low socioeconomic status. To discover potential sociocultural factors, a pilot qualitative study was carried out in Tucson, Arizona, with 18 Hispanic mothers...
January 11, 2018: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315535/chinese-and-south-asian-ethnicity-immigration-status-and-clinical-cancer-outcomes-in-the-ontario-cancer-system
#2
James K R Stevenson, Matthew C Cheung, Craig C Earle, Hadas D Fischer, Ximena Camacho, Refik Saskin, Baiju R Shah, Peter C Austin, Simron Singh
BACKGROUND: In the United States, certain minority groups have been shown to have inferior cancer outcomes compared with the white majority population. However, to the authors' knowledge, the majority of research has not separated ethnicity from immigration status. The objective of the current study was to determine the impact of ethnicity, independent of immigration status, on cancer outcomes in Chinese and South Asian populations in Ontario, Canada. METHODS: The authors conducted a population-based retrospective cohort study using administrative databases in Ontario, Canada...
January 9, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310636/sociodemographic-correlates-of-urine-culture-test-utilization-in-calgary-alberta
#3
Thomas P Griener, Christopher Naugler, Wilson W Chan, Deirdre L Church
BACKGROUND: Many clinical practice guidelines encourage diagnosis and empiric treatment of lower urinary tract infection without laboratory investigation; however, urine culture testing remains one of the largest volume tests in the clinical microbiology laboratory. In this study, we sought to determine if there were specific patient groups to which increased testing was directed. To do so, we combined laboratory data on testing rates with Census Canada sociodemographic data. METHODS: Urine culture testing data was obtained from the Calgary Laboratory Services information system for 2011...
January 8, 2018: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310624/adhd-medication-in-offspring-of-immigrants-does-the-income-level-of-the-country-of-parental-origin-matter
#4
Arzu Arat, Viveca Östberg, Bo Burström, Anders Hjern
BACKGROUND: Child psychiatric treatment facilities vary greatly worldwide and are virtually non-existent in many low-income countries. One of the most common psychiatric disorders in childhood is ADHD, with an estimated prevalence of 3-5% in Sweden. Previous studies have shown a similar prevalence of ADHD in minority and majority children in Sweden and the UK. However, clinical studies demonstrated that children from immigrant families living in Sweden received less psychiatric care than those of native-born parents...
January 8, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288343/psychological-outcomes-of-within-group-sexual-violence-evidence-of-cultural-betrayal
#5
Jennifer M Gómez, Jennifer J Freyd
Cultural betrayal trauma theory is a new framework for understanding trauma-related mental health outcomes in immigrant and minority populations. The purpose of the current study is to empirically test cultural betrayal trauma theory. We hypothesized that the association between within-group sexual violence and mental health outcomes would be stronger for minorities. Participants (N = 368) were minority and majority college students, who completed online measures of sexual violence victimization and mental health outcomes...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274934/perspectives-of-immigrant-women-on-the-gender-of-provider-during-childbirth
#6
Christa Aubrey, Zubia Mumtaz, Patrick Patterson, Radha Chari, B F Peter Mitchell
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to gain an understanding of the importance and effect of provider gender for immigrant women accessing obstetrical care. METHODS: A focused ethnography was conducted using purposive sampling of 38 immigrant women from one hospital in Edmonton, Alberta. Data collection consisted of semistructured interviews conducted antenatally (n = 38); an attempt was made to conduct interviews postpartum (n = 21), and intrapartum observations were made (n = 17)...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261434/family-conflict-and-future-concerns-opportunities-for-social-workers-to-better-support-chinese-immigrant-caregiver-employees
#7
Bharati Sethi, Allison Williams, Elise Desjardins, Hanzhuang Zhu, Emile Shen
This paper explores the experiences of Chinese immigrant caregiver employees (CEs) residing in Southern Ontario, Canada. CEs are individuals who provide unpaid care to elderly family members while they are employed in paid work. Based on qualitative interviews with thirteen Mandarin Chinese immigrant CEs and analysis using Constructivist Grounded Theory, several themes emerge with respect to their caregiving experiences. This paper reports on family conflicts and future concerns. Family conflicts occurred due to cultural differences and an intergenerational gap between CEs and their care recipients...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200985/the-impact-of-punitive-immigrant-laws-on-the-health-of-latina-o-populations
#8
Edward D Vargas, Gabriel R Sanchez, Melina Juárez
This study examines how anti-immigrant policies affect the physical health of Latina/os in the United States. Merging two unique datasets: sum of anti-immigrant policies by state from 2005-2011 and a 2011 Robert Wood Johnson Center for Health Policy nationally representative sample of Latina/os (n=1,200), we estimate a series of logistic regressions to understand how anti-immigrant legislations are affecting the health of Latina/os. Our modeling approach takes into consideration Latinos' diverse experience, context that is widely overlooked in datasets that treat Latina/os as a homogeneous ethnic group...
June 2017: Politics & Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200465/lack-of-conformity-to-new-local-dietary-preferences-in-migrating-captive-chimpanzees
#9
Gillian L Vale, Sarah J Davis, Erica van de Waal, Steven J Schapiro, Susan P Lambeth, Andrew Whiten
Conformity to the behavioural preferences of others can have powerful effects on intragroup behavioural homogeneity in humans, but evidence in animals remains minimal. In this study, we took advantage of circumstances in which individuals or pairs of captive chimpanzees, Pan troglodytes, were 'migrated' between groups, to investigate whether immigrants would conform to a new dietary population preference experienced in the group they entered, an effect suggested by recent fieldwork. Such 'migratory-minority' chimpanzees were trained to avoid one of two differently coloured foods made unpalatable, before 'migrating' to, and then observing, a 'local-majority' group consume a different food colour...
February 2017: Animal Behaviour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177690/obesity-and-regional-immigrant-density
#10
Scott D Emerson, Nicole S Carbert
Canada has an increasingly large immigrant population. Areas of higher immigrant density, may relate to immigrants' health through reduced acculturation to Western foods, greater access to cultural foods, and/or promotion of salubrious values/practices. It is unclear, however, whether an association exists between Canada-wide regional immigrant density and obesity among immigrants. Thus, we examined whether regional immigrant density was related to obesity, among immigrants. Adult immigrant respondents (n = 15,595) to a national population-level health survey were merged with region-level immigrant density data...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172580/apa-efforts-in-promoting-human-rights-and-social-justice
#11
Frederick T L Leong, Wade E Pickren, Melba J T Vasquez
This article reviews the American Psychological Association's (APA) efforts in promoting human rights and social justice. Beginning with a historical review of the conceptualizations of human rights and social justice, the social challenges that have faced the United States over time are discussed in relation to the APA's evolving mission and strategic initiatives enacted through its boards, committees, and directorates. From early efforts on the Board for Social and Ethical Responsibility in Psychology and the Board of Ethnic Minority Affairs to the establishment of the Public Interest Directorate, the APA's efforts to address these human rights and social justice challenges through its task force reports, guidelines, and policies are described...
November 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172556/bullying-and-minorities-in-secondary-school-students-in-thrace-greece
#12
Aspasia Serdari, Alexandra Gkouliama, Gregory Tripsianis, Hariklia Proios, Maria Samakouri
The aim of the present study is to examine probable heterogeneity in aggressive behaviors and peer victimization among ethnically diverse secondary schools in Thrace. It is a culturally diverse region in Northeastern Greece, which includes Greek Christians and a significant minority of Muslims and immigrants. The study population consisted of 572 school students (293 girls, 279 boys, Mage = 14.24), who completed the Revised Olweus Bully/Victim Questionnaire for Students-Senior and the Youth Self-Report. The percentage of students involved in bullying was 34...
November 27, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166218/the-effect-of-stereotype-content-on-intergroup-uncertainty-and-interactions
#13
David Rast, Amber Gaffney, Fenglu Yang
Drawing on intergroup threat theory and the stereotype content model, we examine intergroup relations in an organizational context. We surveyed 108 Asian immigrants working at a large international organization located in the UK. We found that perceptions of warmth and competence interact to predict minority group members' willingness to interact with an outgroup majority. Extending previous research, we demonstrate that warmth and competence differentially affect intergroup uncertainty, which mediates the relationship between stereotype content and willingness to interact with the outgroup...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147063/nativity-race-ethnicity-and-dual-diagnosis-among-us-adults
#14
Magdalena Szaflarski, Shawn Bauldry, Lisa A Cubbins, Karthikeyan Meganathan
Purpose: This study investigated disparities in dual diagnosis (comorbid substance-use and depressive/anxiety disorders) among US adults by nativity and racial-ethnic origin and socioeconomic, cultural, and psychosocial factors that may account for the observed disparities. Design/methodology: The study drew on data from two waves of the National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Racial-ethnic categories included African, Asian/Pacific Islander, European, Mexican, Puerto Rican, and other Hispanic/Latino...
2017: Research in the Sociology of Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142937/geographic-variation-and-us-county-characteristics-associated-with-rapid-kidney-function-decline
#15
Benjamin Bowe, Yan Xie, Hong Xian, Min Lian, Ziyad Al-Aly
Introduction: Geographic variation in the prevalence of chronic kidney disease and incidence of end-stage renal disease has been previously reported. However, the geographic epidemiology of rapid estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) decline has not been examined. Methods: We built a longitudinal cohort of 2,107,570 US veterans to characterize the spatial epidemiology of and examine the associations between US county characteristics and rapid eGFR decline...
January 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121905/the-trafficking-of-women-and-girls-in-taiwan-characteristics-of-victims-perpetrators-and-forms-of-exploitation
#16
Lanying Huang
BACKGROUND: Prior to the passing of 2009 Human Trafficking Prevention Act (HTPA), human trafficking was underestimated in Taiwan. In the past, domestic trafficking in women and girls often targeted vulnerable groups such as young girls from poor families or minority groups. Since the 1990s, an increasing flow of immigrant women, mainly from Vietnam and Indonesia and some from China, into Taiwan has created a new group of Human Trafficking victims. The current study intends to identify, describe, and categorize reported and prosecuted human trafficking cases involving women and girls according to the HTPA in Taiwan...
November 9, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114869/ethno-nationalist-populism-and-the-mobilization-of-collective-resentment
#17
Bart Bonikowski
Scholarly and journalistic accounts of the recent successes of radical-right politics in Europe and the United States, including the Brexit referendum and the Trump campaign, tend to conflate three phenomena: populism, ethno-nationalism and authoritarianism. While all three are important elements of the radical right, they are neither coterminous nor limited to the right. The resulting lack of analytical clarity has hindered accounts of the causes and consequences of ethno-nationalist populism. To address this problem, I bring together existing research on nationalism, populism and authoritarianism in contemporary democracies to precisely define these concepts and examine temporal patterns in their supply and demand, that is, politicians' discursive strategies and the corresponding public attitudes...
November 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111445/bullying-among-immigrant-and-non-immigrant-early-adolescents-school-and-student-level-effects
#18
Irene Vitoroulis, Katholiki Georgiades
We examined the association between school immigrant concentration and bullying among immigrant and non-immigrant early adolescents, and identified potential explanatory factors. First generation immigrant students had reduced odds of victimization and perpetration in schools with high (20-60%), compared to low, levels of immigrant concentration. Second generation immigrant students had reduced odds of ethnic/racial victimization in moderately concentrated schools; while non-immigrants had increased odds in the same schools...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093048/digital-inequality-and-developmental-trajectories-of-low-income-immigrant-and-minority-children
#19
REVIEW
Vikki S Katz, Carmen Gonzalez, Kevin Clark
Children growing up in the United States today are more ethnically and racially diverse than at any time in the nation's history. Because of rising income inequality, almost half of the 72 million children in the United States are also growing up in low-income families, with immigrant and children of color disproportionately likely to be within their ranks. Children in low-income households are more likely to face a number of social challenges, including constrained access to the Internet and devices that connect to it (ie, digital inequality), which can exacerbate other, more entrenched disparities between them and their more privileged counterparts...
November 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075454/restricted-gene-flow-between-resident-oncorhynchus-mykiss-and-an-admixed-population-of-anadromous-steelhead
#20
Andrew P Matala, Brady Allen, Shawn R Narum, Elaine Harvey
The species Oncorhynchus mykiss is characterized by a complex life history that presents a significant challenge for population monitoring and conservation management. Many factors contribute to genetic variation in O. mykiss populations, including sympatry among migratory phenotypes, habitat heterogeneity, hatchery introgression, and immigration (stray) rates. The relative influences of these and other factors are contingent on characteristics of the local environment. The Rock Creek subbasin in the middle Columbia River has no history of hatchery supplementation and no dams or artificial barriers...
October 2017: Ecology and Evolution
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