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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100067/race-based-experiences-of-ethnic-minority-health-professionals-arab-physicians-and-nurses-in-israeli-public-healthcare-organizations
#1
Yael Keshet, Ariela Popper-Giveon
: Increasing workforce diversity was found to contribute to the narrowing of disparities in health. However, racism toward ethnic minority health professionals has not been adequately researched. In Israel, public healthcare organizations that serve a mixed Jewish-Arab population employ Arab minority healthcare professionals. Instances of prejudice and manifestations of racism toward them, which frequently surface in public discussion and the media, have unfortunately gained little scholarly attention...
January 19, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077202/long-term-care-and-cultural-competence
#2
Jeannette Y Wick, Myroslava Sharabun
The United States has historically been a melting pot of cultures. Today the population has changed because many immigrants are now older than past immigrants, are frequently retired, and have chronic diseases that need careful management. Health care providers need to be culturally competent to deliver effective health care to these diverse populations. Over the years, health care systems and providers have become much more aware of the needs of minority populations. They accommodate language differences and individuals' ingrained beliefs that may affect health care and learn how to ask the questions that will elicit the information they need to treat patients...
January 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068132/east-asian-adolescents-ethnic-identity-development-and-cultural-integration-a-qualitative-investigation
#3
Eunju Yoon, Kristen Adams, Angela Clawson, Hanna Chang, Shruti Surya, Gihane Jérémie-Brink
Drawing on the current conceptualization of acculturation/enculturation as bilinear, multidimensional processes proceeding in interaction with surrounding contexts, this study examined ethnic identity development and cultural integration of 13 adolescents from East Asian immigrant families. Five domains emerged via the Consensual Qualitative Research method: ethnic/cultural identity and socialization; bicultural living; racial context-racism and stereotypes; family context-parental expectation; and peer context-friendship/dating...
January 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054198/strategies-for-working-with-asian-americans-in-mental-health-community-members-policy-perspectives-and-recommendations
#4
Suzie S Weng, Jennifer Spaulding-Givens
This qualitative study used snowball sampling of individuals known to provide informal assistance to Asian American community members with their mental health problems in a locality in the South where there has been an exponential increase of the Asian American population. The major themes found include: (1) the existence of cultural, language, knowledge, and transportation barriers and the importance of policy in addressing them; (2) the impact of the model minority myth and the need for inclusive policymaking; and (3) the unique service and policy needs of immigrants...
January 4, 2017: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052929/physical-functioning-and-disability-trajectories-by-age-of-migration-among-mexican-elders-in-the-united-states
#5
Marc A Garcia, Adriana M Reyes
OBJECTIVES: To address a gap in our understanding of the long-term consequences of nativity and age of migration for the health of the Mexican elderly population. METHOD: We employ age graded latent growth curve models stratified by gender to examine the extent of physical functioning and disability, measured in terms of performance-oriented mobility assessments (POMAs) and activities of daily living (ADLs) after age 65 in a large longitudinal sample of Mexican-origin individuals...
January 3, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042387/colorectal-cancer-screening-opportunities-to-improve-uptake-outcomes-and-disparities
#6
REVIEW
Neal Shahidi, Winson Y Cheung
Colorectal cancer screening has become a standard of care in industrialized nations for those 50 to 75 years of age, along with selected high-risk populations. While colorectal cancer screening has been shown to reduce both the incidence and mortality of colorectal cancer, it is a complex multi-disciplinary process with a number of important steps that require optimization before tangible improvements in outcomes are possible. For both opportunistic and programmatic colorectal cancer screening, poor participant uptake remains an ongoing concern...
December 16, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029348/ethnic-identity-and-paranoid-thinking-implicit-out-group-preference-and-language-dominance-predict-paranoia-in-emirati-women
#7
Justin Thomas, Richard P Bentall, Lowri Hadden, Lily O'Hara
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Psychotic experiences including persecutory beliefs are elevated among immigrant and minority populations, especially when living in low ethnic density neighbourhoods (the ethnic density effect). Discrimination, victimization and experiencing a sense of 'not belonging' are hypothesized to play a role in this effect. Because a secure ethnic identity protects against poor self-esteem it may also protect against paranoia. This study explores the relationship between language proficiency (Arabic/English), in-group identity (implicit and explicit) and paranoia in female Emirati university students...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025705/prevalence-and-predictors-of-positive-screening-for-postpartum-depression-in-minority-parturients-in-the-south-bronx
#8
Samfee Doe, Stephen LoBue, Abraham Hamaoui, Shadi Rezai, Cassandra E Henderson, Ray Mercado
It is reported that the rates of perinatal depressive disorders are high in ethnic minority groups from non-English speaking countries. However, very few studies have compared the prevalence of positive screening for postpartum depression (PPD) in minority communities living in an inner city. The goal of this study is to determine the prevalence and the predictors of positive screening for postpartum depression in minority parturients in the South Bronx. The study is a chart review of 314 minority parturients, Black or Hispanic, screened for postpartum depression using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) tool...
December 26, 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013245/european-studies-on-prevalence-and-risk-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-according-to-immigrant-status-a-review
#9
Rafał Kawa, Evald Saemundsen, Sigrídur Lóa Jónsdóttir, Annika Hellendoorn, Sanne Lemcke, Ricardo Canal-Bedia, Patricia García-Primo, Irma Moilanen
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), once considered to be rare, are now reaching prevalence estimates of 1% and higher. Studies conducted in North America indicate large racial/ethnic disparities in the diagnosis of ASDs. Others show, that immigrant children have similar prevalence rates of ASDs as native children, although they are diagnosed later compared with native children. In relation to a EU funded network action, Enhancing the Scientific Study of Early Autism, it was considered important to review the literature on this subject...
December 24, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991600/cervical-cancer-screening-among-arab-women-in-the-united-states-an-integrative-review
#10
Sarah Abboud, Emily De Penning, Bridgette M Brawner, Usha Menon, Karen Glanz, Marilyn S Sommers
PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION: Arab American women are an ethnic minority and immigrant population in the United States with unique and nuanced sociocultural factors that influence preventive health behaviors. The aims of this article are to evaluate and synthesize the existing evidence on cervical cancer screening behaviors, as well as determine factors that influence these behaviors, among Arab American women.
. LITERATURE SEARCH: Extensive literature searches were performed using PubMed, CINAHL®, Scopus, Embase, and Cochrane databases; articles published through October 2015 were sought...
January 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990634/out-group-threats-and-distress-as-antecedents-of-common-in-group-identity-among-majority-and-minority-group-members-in-the-aftermath-of-a-natural-disaster
#11
Loris Vezzali, Annalisa Versari, Alessia Cadamuro, Elena Trifiletti, Gian Antonio Di Bernardo
The aim of the present study was to examine the role of out-group threats in fostering one-group perceptions directly and indirectly via post-traumatic stress symptoms in the aftermath of a natural disaster. We also tested whether these relationships differ depending on the ethnic group of belonging (majority vs. minority). Participants were 589 Italians and 122 immigrants from a region strongly affected by the earthquakes that struck Northern Italy in 2012. Results revealed that among Italians threat stemming from negative out-group behaviour was associated positively with post-traumatic stress symptoms and negatively with perceptions of being a common group with immigrant survivors...
December 19, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981400/strategies-and-challenges-in-recruiting-black-immigrant-mothers-for-a-community-based-study-on-child-nutritional-health-in-ottawa-canada
#12
Rosanne Blanchet, Dia Sanou, Constance P Nana, Elise Pauzé, Malek Batal, Isabelle Giroux
There is a need to identify barriers to participation as well as recruitment strategies to engage minority parents of young children in health-oriented research. This paper offers insights on strategies and challenges in recruiting black immigrant mothers living in Ottawa (Canada) for a community-based health-oriented research project among 6-to-12-year-old children. We recruited 259 mother-child dyads. Most participants were recruited by team members during community events, fairs, religious gatherings, etc...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966432/the-pattern-of-cervical-smear-abnormalities-in-marginalised-women-in-hong-kong
#13
Y H Ting, H Y Tse, W C Lam, K S Chan, T Y Leung
INTRODUCTION: "Ripple Action" and "WE Stand" are projects co-organised by the Hong Kong Women Doctors Association. The two projects organise free cervical screening for low-income women, new immigrants from Mainland China, and ethnic minority women. The objective of this study was to analyse the pattern of cervical smear abnormalities in these marginalised women. METHODS: The study group consisted of 1189 marginalised women who participated in a free cervical screening campaign, including 324 low-income local Chinese, 540 new immigrants from Mainland China, and 325 ethnic minority women...
December 14, 2016: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957321/social-characteristics-associated-with-disparities-in-smoking-rates-in-israel
#14
Ofra Kalter-Leibovici, Angela Chetrit, Shlomit Avni, Emma Averbuch, Ilya Novikov, Nihaya Daoud
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is a major cause of health disparities. We aimed to determine social characteristics associated with smoking status and age at smoking initiation in the ethnically-diverse population of Israel. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional survey, based on data collected during 2010 by the Israel Bureau of Statistics, in a representative nationwide sample of 7,524 adults (≥20 years). Information collected by personal interviews included a broad set of demographic and socio-economic characteristics and detailed information on smoking habits...
2016: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924375/a-validated-translation-of-a-survey-for-measuring-incontinence-knowledge-in-chinese-speaking-american-immigrants
#15
Rujin Ju, Nazema Siddiqui, Joanne Garrett, Liping Feng, Michael Heit
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Urinary incontinence is common amongst Chinese immigrants. These women are a rapidly growing population in the USA who require unique assessment tools due to language barriers. Presently, there are no Chinese language surveys to assess knowledge of urinary incontinence. Our goal was to translate and validate a urinary incontinence knowledge survey from English into Chinese. METHODS: The English language Urinary Incontinence Quiz (UIQ) developed and validated by Branch et al...
December 6, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882984/immigrant-and-minority-scientists-shaken-by-trump-win
#16
Heidi Ledford, Sara Reardon, Ramin Skibba
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
24, 2016: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882710/john-porter-book-prize-lecture-bringing-the-social-back-in-on-the-integration-of-muslim-immigrants-and-the-jurisprudence-of-muslim-minorities
#17
Abdolmohammad Kazemipur
In much of the academic debate on the integration of Muslims into Western liberal democracies, Islam is often treated as one or the sole independent variable in the lives of Muslims. Offering to view Islam-or the understanding of Islam among Muslims-as the dependent variable, The Muslim Question in Canada discusses the influence of socioeconomic forces in shaping the Muslim immigrants' opinions, modes of thinking, and even interpretations of their faith. Drawing on this general approach, which is introduced and developed in the book using a variety of both quantitative and qualitative data, this article focuses on a school of thought within the Islamic jurisprudence known as fiqh al-aqalliyyat al-Muslema (the jurisprudence of Muslim minorities)...
November 2016: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881919/posttraumatic-stress-and-depression-in-yazidi-refugees
#18
Serhat Nasıroğlu, Veysi Çeri
AIM: The aim of this investigation was to determine the frequency of mental pathologies in children and adolescents of the Yazidi minority group who immigrated to Turkey from Iraq. The refugees were asked about preventive and risk factors that occurred before and after their immigration. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The sample comprised 55 children and adolescents (30 males and 25 females) who were Yazidi refugees and had settled in the Uçkuyular, Oğuz, Onbaşı, and Uğurca villages of Batman, Turkey...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836127/lost-in-translation-medication-labeling-for-immigrant-families
#19
Michelle Cruz Jimenez Smith, H Shonna Yin, Lee M Sanders
OBJECTIVES: To identify the patient-safety hazards of current medication labeling standards for immigrant and language-minority families. SUMMARY: The Latino population in the United States has increased by more than 40% over the past decade and the total child population born to Latino parents will surpass one-half of the population in many states. With recent health care and immigration policies, this demographic shift has a disproportional effect on the Latino families...
November 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815269/length-of-residence-in-the-united-states-is-associated-with-a-higher-prevalence-of-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-immigrants-a-contemporary-analysis-of-the-national-health-interview-survey
#20
Yvonne Commodore-Mensah, Nwakaego Ukonu, Olawunmi Obisesan, Jonathan Kumi Aboagye, Charles Agyemang, Carolyn M Reilly, Sandra B Dunbar, Ike S Okosun
BACKGROUND: Cardiometabolic risk (CMR) factors including hypertension, overweight/obesity, diabetes mellitus, and hyperlipidemia are high among United States ethnic minorities, and the immigrant population continues to burgeon. METHODS AND RESULTS: Hypothesizing that acculturation (length of residence) would be associated with a higher prevalence of CMR factors, the authors analyzed data on 54, 984 US immigrants in the 2010-2014 National Health Interview Surveys...
November 4, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
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