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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147063/nativity-race-ethnicity-and-dual-diagnosis-among-us-adults
#1
Magdalena Szaflarski, Shawn Bauldry, Lisa A Cubbins, Karthikeyan Meganathan
Purpose: This study investigated disparities in dual diagnosis (comorbid substance-use and depressive/anxiety disorders) among US adults by nativity and racial-ethnic origin and socioeconomic, cultural, and psychosocial factors that may account for the observed disparities. Design/methodology: The study drew on data from two waves of the National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Racial-ethnic categories included African, Asian/Pacific Islander, European, Mexican, Puerto Rican, and other Hispanic/Latino...
2017: Research in the Sociology of Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142937/geographic-variation-and-us-county-characteristics-associated-with-rapid-kidney-function-decline
#2
Benjamin Bowe, Yan Xie, Hong Xian, Min Lian, Ziyad Al-Aly
Introduction: Geographic variation in the prevalence of chronic kidney disease and incidence of end-stage renal disease has been previously reported. However, the geographic epidemiology of rapid estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) decline has not been examined. Methods: We built a longitudinal cohort of 2,107,570 US veterans to characterize the spatial epidemiology of and examine the associations between US county characteristics and rapid eGFR decline...
January 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121905/the-trafficking-of-women-and-girls-in-taiwan-characteristics-of-victims-perpetrators-and-forms-of-exploitation
#3
Lanying Huang
BACKGROUND: Prior to the passing of 2009 Human Trafficking Prevention Act (HTPA), human trafficking was underestimated in Taiwan. In the past, domestic trafficking in women and girls often targeted vulnerable groups such as young girls from poor families or minority groups. Since the 1990s, an increasing flow of immigrant women, mainly from Vietnam and Indonesia and some from China, into Taiwan has created a new group of Human Trafficking victims. The current study intends to identify, describe, and categorize reported and prosecuted human trafficking cases involving women and girls according to the HTPA in Taiwan...
November 9, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114869/ethno-nationalist-populism-and-the-mobilization-of-collective-resentment
#4
Bart Bonikowski
Scholarly and journalistic accounts of the recent successes of radical-right politics in Europe and the United States, including the Brexit referendum and the Trump campaign, tend to conflate three phenomena: populism, ethno-nationalism and authoritarianism. While all three are important elements of the radical right, they are neither coterminous nor limited to the right. The resulting lack of analytical clarity has hindered accounts of the causes and consequences of ethno-nationalist populism. To address this problem, I bring together existing research on nationalism, populism and authoritarianism in contemporary democracies to precisely define these concepts and examine temporal patterns in their supply and demand, that is, politicians' discursive strategies and the corresponding public attitudes...
November 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111445/bullying-among-immigrant-and-non-immigrant-early-adolescents-school-and-student-level-effects
#5
Irene Vitoroulis, Katholiki Georgiades
We examined the association between school immigrant concentration and bullying among immigrant and non-immigrant early adolescents, and identified potential explanatory factors. First generation immigrant students had reduced odds of victimization and perpetration in schools with high (20-60%), compared to low, levels of immigrant concentration. Second generation immigrant students had reduced odds of ethnic/racial victimization in moderately concentrated schools; while non-immigrants had increased odds in the same schools...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093048/digital-inequality-and-developmental-trajectories-of-low-income-immigrant-and-minority-children
#6
REVIEW
Vikki S Katz, Carmen Gonzalez, Kevin Clark
Children growing up in the United States today are more ethnically and racially diverse than at any time in the nation's history. Because of rising income inequality, almost half of the 72 million children in the United States are also growing up in low-income families, with immigrant and children of color disproportionately likely to be within their ranks. Children in low-income households are more likely to face a number of social challenges, including constrained access to the Internet and devices that connect to it (ie, digital inequality), which can exacerbate other, more entrenched disparities between them and their more privileged counterparts...
November 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075454/restricted-gene-flow-between-resident-oncorhynchus-mykiss-and-an-admixed-population-of-anadromous-steelhead
#7
Andrew P Matala, Brady Allen, Shawn R Narum, Elaine Harvey
The species Oncorhynchus mykiss is characterized by a complex life history that presents a significant challenge for population monitoring and conservation management. Many factors contribute to genetic variation in O. mykiss populations, including sympatry among migratory phenotypes, habitat heterogeneity, hatchery introgression, and immigration (stray) rates. The relative influences of these and other factors are contingent on characteristics of the local environment. The Rock Creek subbasin in the middle Columbia River has no history of hatchery supplementation and no dams or artificial barriers...
October 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068715/promoting-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-to-prevent-hiv-infections-among-sexual-and-gender-minority-hispanics-latinxs
#8
Kathleen R Page, Omar Martinez, Karen Nieves-Lugo, Maria Cecilia Zea, Suzanne Dolwick Grieb, Thespina J Yamanis, Kaitlin Spear, Wendy W Davis
Sexual and gender minority Hispanics/Latinxs (henceforth: Latinxs) continue to be disproportionately impacted by HIV/AIDS in the U.S. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a biomedical prevention approach which holds significant promise for at risk and vulnerable populations. We discuss barriers and facilitators to uptake of PrEP among sexual and gender minority Latinxs living in the U.S. through an ecosocial lens that takes into account structural, community, and individual contexts. The impact of immigration status on PrEP uptake emerges as a major and recurrent theme that must be understood and addressed by HIV prevention programs aiming to promote an inclusive strategy for sexual and gender minority Latinxs living in the U...
October 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040505/late-booking-amongst-african-women-in-a-london-borough-england-implications-for-health-promotion
#9
Martha J Chinouya, Cathrine Madziva
The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence guidance is that a pregnant woman should see a midwife within the first 13 weeks into her pregnancy, in what is known as the 'booking appointment' or the 'full assessment' where she discusses with the midwife her care plan, medical and family histories and social circumstances. Significant numbers of black African women present after 13 weeks into the pregnancy. This study explores why black African women access the booking appointment after 13 weeks of pregnancy in a London borough...
October 10, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034076/accessibility-to-health-services-among-migrant-workers-in-the-northeast-of-thailand
#10
Suprawee Khongthanachayopit, Wongsa Laohasiriwong
Background. There is an increasing trend of trans-border migration from neighboring countries to Thailand. According to human rights laws, everyone must have access to health services, even if they are from other nationalities.  However, a small minority of health personnel in Thailand discriminate against immigrant workers, as they are from a lower financial bracket. Methods. This cross-sectional study aims to determine the prevalence of accessibility to health services and factors associated with access to health services among migrant workers who work along the Northeast border of Thailand...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017499/imported-malaria-in-spain-2009-2016-results-from-the-redivi-collaborative-network
#11
Francesca F Norman, Ana López-Polín, Fernando Salvador, Begoña Treviño, Eva Calabuig, Diego Torrús, Antonio Soriano-Arandes, Jose-Manuel Ruíz-Giardín, Begoña Monge-Maillo, Jose-Antonio Pérez-Molina, Ana Perez-Ayala, Magdalena García, Azucena Rodríguez, María Martínez-Serrano, Miren Zubero, Rogelio López-Vélez
BACKGROUND: Imported malaria is a frequent diagnosis in travellers and migrants. The objective of this study was to describe the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of patients diagnosed with imported malaria within a Spanish collaborative network registering imported diseases (+REDIVI). In addition, the possible association between malaria and type of case, gender, age or area of exposure was explored. METHODS: Cases of imported malaria were identified among all cases registered in the +REDIVI database during the period October 2009-October 2016...
October 10, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985959/introduction-to-a-special-section-on-explaining-positive-adaptation-of-immigrant-and-minority-youth-across-cultures
#12
EDITORIAL
Peter F Titzmann, Laura Ferrer-Wreder, Radosveta Dimitrova
This special section on "Explaining Positive Adaptation of Immigrant and Minority Youth across Cultures" is the result of an expert meeting organized by the Society for Research in Child Development (SRCD), the European Association of Developmental Psychology (EADP), and the European Association for Research on Adolescence (EARA). The aim of this special section was to bring together empirical studies and expert commentaries on a pressing topic of global importance, and to explore intersections between the fields of acculturation and positive youth development...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967775/maternal-conception-of-gestational-weight-gain-among-latinas-a-qualitative-study
#13
Grace E Fletcher, Leah Teeters, David Schlundt, Kemberlee Bonnet, William J Heerman
OBJECTIVE: Interventions to support healthy gestational weight gain are often ineffective. The objective was to develop a model of how pregnant Latinas-who have a higher risk of poor maternal and neonatal weight-related outcomes-conceptualize healthy gestational weight gain, providing guidance for future interventions. METHOD: Ten focus groups with 50 pregnant Latinas were conducted by a native Spanish-speaking female moderator. On the basis of participant responses, we used grounded theory to inductively develop a personal conceptual framework for gestational weight gain...
October 2, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966344/acculturation-and-health-the-moderating-role-of-socio-cultural-context
#14
Molly Fox, Zaneta Thayer, Pathik D Wadhwa
Acculturation represents an important construct for elucidating the determinants and consequences of health disparities in minority populations. However, the processes and mechanisms underlying acculturation's effects on health are largely undetermined and warrant further study. We integrate concepts from anthropology and statistics to describe the role of sociocultural context as a putative modifier of the relationship between acculturation and health. Sociocultural context may influence the extent to which exposure to host culture leads to internalization of host cultural orientation, and may influence the extent to which acculturation leads to stress and adoption of unhealthy behaviors...
September 2017: American Anthropologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962666/social-characteristics-associated-with-disparities-in-smoking-rates-in-israel
#15
Ofra Kalter-Leibovici, Angela Chetrit, Shlomit Avni, Emma Averbuch, Ilya Novikov, Nihaya Daoud
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is a major cause of health disparities. We aimed to determine social characteristics associated with smoking status and age at smoking initiation in the ethnically-diverse population of Israel. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional survey, based on data collected during 2010 by the Israel Bureau of Statistics, in a representative nationwide sample of 7,524 adults (≥20 years). Information collected by personal interviews included a broad set of demographic and socio-economic characteristics and detailed information on smoking habits...
December 1, 2016: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958071/racial-ethnic-and-nativity-differences-in-cognitive-life-expectancies-among-older-adults-in-the-united-states
#16
Marc A Garcia, Brian Downer, Chi-Tsun Chiu, Joseph L Saenz, Sunshine Rote, Rebeca Wong
Background and Objectives: To document racial/ethnic and nativity differences by gender in cognitive life expectancies among older adults in the United States. Research Design and Methods: Sullivan-based life tables were used to estimate cognitively normal, cognitively impaired/no dementia (CIND), and dementia life expectancies by gender for White, Black, U.S.-born Hispanic, and foreign-born Hispanic adults 50 years and older in the Health and Retirement Study. Results: Among women, the number of years spent living with dementia for Whites, Blacks, U...
September 16, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950975/emotional-acculturation-a-first-review
#17
REVIEW
Jozefien De Leersnyder
When people move from one cultural context to another, their patterns of emotional experience and expression may change; that is, they may acculturate emotionally. In the current article, I review empirical studies on immigrant minorities that provide first evidence for (i) the phenomenon of emotional acculturation; (ii) the co-existence of heritage and new culture emotional patterns and minorities' switching between the two; and (iii) the potential benefits of minorities' emotional fit with culture. In addition, I outline future directions in this emergent field and highlight how the study of emotional acculturation may inform emotion psychology as it calls for a truly socio-dynamic perspective on what emotions are and how they can/should be studied...
October 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923461/blood-levels-of-toxic-metals-and-rare-earth-elements-commonly-found-in-e-waste-may-exert-subtle-effects-on-hemoglobin-concentration-in-sub-saharan-immigrants
#18
Luis Alberto Henríquez-Hernández, Luis D Boada, Cristina Carranza, José Luis Pérez-Arellano, Ana González-Antuña, María Camacho, Maira Almeida-González, Manuel Zumbado, Octavio P Luzardo
Pollution by heavy metals and more recently by rare earth elements (REE) and other minor elements (ME) has increased due in part to their high use in technological and electronic devices. This contamination can become very relevant in those sites where e-waste is improperly processed, as it is the case in many countries of the African continent. Exposure to some toxic elements has been associated to certain hematological disorders, specifically anemia. In this study, the concentrations of 48 elements (including REE and other ME) were determined by ICP-MS in whole blood samples of sub-Saharan immigrants with anemia (n=63) and without anemia (n=78)...
December 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911127/nutritional-status-of-children-from-low-income-countries-arriving-in-spain
#19
Moncef Belhassen-García, Virginia Velasco-Tirado, Amparo Lopez-Bernus, Juan Luis Muñoz Bellido, Antonio Muro, Miguel Cordero, Javier Pardo-Lledias
Background: Nutritional problems, anaemia and infectious diseases are the main causes of morbidity and mortality in children and adolescents in tropical and subtropical areas. The main objective of this study was to determine the nutritional status in children from low-income countries who migrated to Spain and the value of the usual biochemistry markers of nutrition in these children, as well as to evaluate the nutritional status associated with imported infectious diseases. Moreover, we evaluated the association between anaemia and nutrition problems...
September 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903649/backlash-the-politics-and-real-world-consequences-of-minority-group-dehumanization
#20
Nour Kteily, Emile Bruneau
Research suggests that members of advantaged groups who feel dehumanized by other groups respond aggressively. But little is known about how meta-dehumanization affects disadvantaged minority group members, historically the primary targets of dehumanization. We examine this important question in the context of the 2016 U.S. Republican Primaries, which have witnessed the widespread derogation and dehumanization of Mexican immigrants and Muslims. Two initial studies document that Americans blatantly dehumanize Mexican immigrants and Muslims; this dehumanization uniquely predicts support for aggressive policies proposed by Republican nominees, and dehumanization is highly associated with supporting Republican candidates (especially Donald Trump)...
January 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
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