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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812239/social-status-discrimination-and-minority-individuals-mental-health-a-secondary-analysis-of-us-national-surveys
#1
Celia C Lo, Tyrone C Cheng
OBJECTIVES: Our study measured minority individuals' social status factors and frequency of discrimination experiences, in order to delineate social mechanisms linking race/ethnicity to mental status (specifically, to current mood/anxiety disorder and self-rated mental health). METHODS: In this nationally representative secondary research, our data analyses drew on the cross-sectional "Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys," dating 2001-2003. The sample for the final model numbered 9368 respondents (2016 Asians, 2676 Latinos, 4676 blacks)...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810434/unhealthy-weight-control-strategies-an-outcome-of-body-image-and-eating-tensions-in-women-of-mexican-origin-living-in-rural-farming-communities
#2
Karen F Stein, Nicole Trabold, Kay Connelly
Unhealthy eating and weight control behaviors are important but modifiable factors that contribute to obesity in majority and minority populations. Studies suggest that these behaviors are common in Mexican American women, but most studies completed to date have focused on college enrolled Mexican American women. Little is known about body weight concerns, eating and weight control behaviors in low acculturated immigrant Mexican women. This qualitative descriptive study utilized two focus groups with 15 women to identify and describe body weight and shape perceptions, and thoughts and behaviors related to eating and weight control of low acculturated Mexican American living in disadvantaged economic situations...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796056/examining-the-association-between-possessing-a-regular-source-of-healthcare-and-adherence-with-cancer-screenings-among-haitian-households-in-little-haiti-miami-dade-county-florida
#3
Hauchie Pang, Mariel Cataldi, Emmanuelle Allseits, Melissa Ward-Peterson, Pura Rodríguez de la Vega, Grettel Castro, Juan Manuel Acuña
Immigrant minorities regularly experience higher incidence and mortality rates of cancer. Frequently, a variety of social determinants create obstacles for those individuals to get the screenings they need. This is especially true for Haitian immigrants, a particularly vulnerable immigrant population in South Florida, who have been identified as having low cancer screening rates. While Haitian immigrants have some of the lowest cancer screening rates in the country, there is little existing literature that addresses barriers to cancer screenings among the population of Little Haiti in Miami-Dade County, Florida...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780439/ethnic-density-immigrant-enclaves-and-latino-health-risks-a-propensity-score-matching-approach
#4
Kelin Li, Ming Wen, Kevin A Henry
Whether minority concentration in a neighborhood exposes residents to, or protects them from, health risks has generated burgeoning scholarly interests; yet endogeneity as a result of neighborhood selection largely remains unclear in the literature. This study addresses such endogeneity and simultaneously investigates the roles of co-ethnic density and immigrant enclaves in influencing high blood pressure and high cholesterol level among Latinos, the largest minority group in the United States. Pooled cross-sectional data that included both native and foreign-born Latinos of Puerto Rican, Mexican, and other origins (N = 1563) from the 2006 and 2008 Southeastern Pennsylvania Household Health Survey were linked to census-tract profiles from the 2005-2009 American Community Survey...
July 25, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774414/hepatitis-delta-infection-current-and-new-treatment-options
#5
REVIEW
Menashe Elazar, Christopher Koh, Jeffrey S Glenn
In humans, hepatitis D virus (HDV) infection only occurs in the presence of a concomitant hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, and induces the most severe form of human viral hepatitis. Even though HDV is spread worldwide and is endemic in some regions, screening and treatment has been often neglected in part due to the lack of an effective therapy. Moreover, HDV prevalence rates are increasing in many countries driven by immigration from areas of high endemicity. Currently, no FDA-approved anti-HDV therapy is available, although interferon (IFN) alpha therapy has demonstrated benefit in a minority of patients...
June 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767094/depressive-symptoms-and-length-of-u-s-residency-are-associated-with-obesity-among-low-income-latina-mothers-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#6
Ana Cristina Lindsay, Mary L Greaney, Sherrie F Wallington, Julie A Wright, Anne T Hunt
Latinos are the largest minority population group in the United States (U.S.), and low-income Latina women are at elevated risk of depression and obesity. Thus, the prevention of these two problems is a pressing public health concern in this population. Both depressive symptoms and obesity are modifiable factors that can be addressed by culturally relevant interventions. However, the association between depressive symptoms and obesity in Latina immigrant women is not well understood. Therefore, this cross-sectional study examined the association between depressive symptoms and obesity among Latina women of childbearing age (15-44)...
August 2, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750080/beliefs-about-hypertension-among-nigerian-immigrants-to-the-united-kingdom-a-qualitative-study
#7
James Tosin Akinlua, Richard Meakin, Nick Freemantle
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to elicit beliefs about hypertension among Nigerian immigrants in the United Kingdom. BACKGROUND: The distributions of cardiovascular risk factors and diseases are not shared equally across ethnic and economic groups in the United Kingdom. Its burden is more clustered among minority ethnic populations and migrant groups including black African Nigerian migrants. Similar patterns have been reported across Europe, Australia, Canada, Nordic countries and the United States of America...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748743/community-based-game-intervention-to-improve-south-asian-indian-americans-engagement-with-advanced-care-planning
#8
Kavita Radhakrishnan, Lauren Jodi Van Scoy, Regina Jillapalli, Shubhada Saxena, Miyong T Kim
OBJECTIVE: Advance care planning (ACP) allows individuals to express their preferences for medical treatment in the event that they become incapable of making their own decisions. This study assessed the efficacy of a conversation game intervention for increasing South Asian Indian Americans' (SAIAs') engagement in ACP behaviors as well as the game's acceptability and cultural appropriateness among SAIAs. DESIGN: Eligible community-dwelling SAIAs were recruited at SAIA cultural events held in central Texas during the summer of 2016...
July 27, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731624/risk-for-postpartum-depression-among-immigrant-arabic-women-in-the-united-states-a-feasibility-study
#9
Dalia Alhasanat, Judith Fry-McComish, Hossein N Yarandi
INTRODUCTION: Postpartum depression (PPD) affects approximately 14% of women in the United States and 10% to 37% of Arabic women in the Middle East. Evidence suggests that immigrant women experience higher rates, but information on PPD among immigrant women of Arabic descent in the United States is nonexistent. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive feasibility study was conducted to assess the practicality of implementing a larger proposed research study to examine predictors of PPD in US immigrant women of Arabic descent residing in Dearborn, Michigan...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725839/nursing-strategies-for-engaging-families-of-older-immigrants-hospitalized-for-end-of-life-care-an-australian-study
#10
Megan-Jane Johnstone, Alison M Hutchinson, Helen Rawson, Bernice Redley
BACKGROUND: Engaging with families of older non-English-speaking background (NESB) immigrants hospitalized for end-of-life (EOL) care can be challenging, especially when their cultures, lifeways, and family decision-making processes are unfamiliar to the nurses caring for them. Despite the recognized importance of family engagement when providing EOL care, the issue of ethnic minority family engagement has received little attention in the field. AIM: To explore and describe the strategies nurses use to facilitate engagement with families of older immigrant NESB patients hospitalized for EOL care...
September 2016: Journal of patient experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715698/acculturative-stress-as-a-moderator-of-the-effect-of-drinking-motives-on-alcohol-use-and-problems-among-young-adults
#11
Bridgid Mariko Conn, Kida Ejesi, Dawn W Foster
BACKGROUND: Research has demonstrated a strong relationship between drinking motives and alcohol use among young adult populations. Further, there is substantial evidence of the association between psychosocial stressors and greater alcohol consumption. In the present study, we examined whether acculturative stress would moderate the relationship between major drinking motives and alcohol use behaviors and alcohol-related problems, and whether this relationship differs by racial/ethnic group...
June 30, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678640/alcohol-use-abuse-and-help-seeking-among-u-s-adults-the-role-of-racial-ethnic-origin-and-foreign-born-status
#12
Magdalena Szaflarski, Daniel H Klepinger, Lisa A Cubbins
We used data from Wave 1 and Wave 2 of the National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions to examine racial-ethnic and nativity-based variations in alcohol use/abuse and treatment seeking while accounting for acculturation, stress, and social integration factors. The dependent variables included alcohol use, risky drinking, DSM-IV alcohol use disorder, and treatment seeking in the past 12 months. Racial-ethnic categories included African, European, Asian/Pacific Islander, Mexican, Puerto Rican, and other Hispanic/Latino...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675900/hiv-1-subtype-diversity-and-prevalence-of-primary-drug-resistance-in-a-single-center-pediatric-cohort-in-germany
#13
Jennifer Neubert, Nadja Michalsky, Hans-Jürgen Laws, Arndt Borkhardt, Björn Jensen, Nadine Lübke
OBJECTIVES: Data on drug-resistant mutations (DRMs) in HIV-1-infected therapy-naïve children are scarce. The aim of this study was to determine the HIV-1 subtype distribution and the prevalence of DRMs in therapy-naïve HIV-1-infected children who received routine care at the University Hospital Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany. METHODS: Records of all HIV-1-infected children who received routine care between January 2005 and December 2015 were analyzed retrospectively...
2016: Intervirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669535/ethnic-socialization-ethnic-identity-life-satisfaction-and-school-achievement-of-roma-ethnic-minority-youth
#14
Radosveta Dimitrova, Deborah J Johnson, Fons J R van de Vijver
This article is part of a Special Issue entitled Explaining Positive Adaptation of Immigrant Youth across Cultures. This study tested a mediation model of ethnic socialization (i.e., parental practices that promote children's knowledge about their history, heritage culture, cultural authenticity, and ethnic bias management) in Roma youth. Roma are the largest ethnic minority group in Europe subjected to severe discrimination, both currently and historically. Participants were 202 Roma youth aged 14 to 19 years old (M = 16...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669238/stress-across-generations-a-qualitative-study-of-stress-coping-and-caregiving-among-mexican-immigrant-mothers
#15
Amy L Non, Gabriela León-Pérez, Holly Glass, Emma Kelly, Nanibaa' A Garrison
OBJECTIVE: Hispanic immigrants represent the largest and fastest growing ethnic minority within the US, justifying increased attention to identify factors that influence declining immigrant health across generations. This study investigates the range of psychosocial stress exposures and coping mechanisms of Mexican immigrant mothers, and implications for the health of their US-born children. DESIGN: We conducted 10 focus groups with 1st generation Mexican-born immigrant mothers (n = 32 women) in Nashville, TN, in the summer of 2014...
July 3, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669006/an-investigation-of-unmet-socio-economic-needs-among-arab-american-breast-cancer-patients-compared-with-other-immigrant-and-migrant-patients
#16
Claudia Ayash, Rosario Costas-Muñiz, Dalal Badreddine, Julia Ramirez, Francesca Gany
Although Arabs are a growing population in the United States, they are a hidden minority when compared to larger, more studied groups like Latinos and Caribbean immigrants of African descent (CIAD). There is limited research pertaining to patients' unmet socioeconomic and supportive care needs when undergoing breast cancer treatment, particularly among immigrants and migrants. This is a comparative study of a nested cohort of 36 Arabs, 145 Latinos and 128 CIAD breast cancer patients participating in the Integrated Cancer Care Access Network and their areas of needed assistance...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627321/diabetes-knowledge-management-and-prevention-among-haitian-immigrants-in-philadelphia
#17
Rhoda K Moise, Donaldson F Conserve, Bilikisu Elewonibi, Lori A Francis, Rhonda BeLue
Purpose Guided by the PEN-3 Cultural Model, the purpose of this study is to generate culturally framed insight into diabetes knowledge, management, and prevention among Haitians. Despite the disproportionate distribution of type II diabetes mellitus among US minorities, limited research explores outcomes within racial ethnic groups. It is particularly important to disaggregate the large racial-ethnic groups of black given the population growth among foreign-born blacks, such as Haitians, whose population has more than quadrupled in recent decades...
August 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624037/trauma-care-in-a-multiethnic-population-effects-of-being-undocumented
#18
Jonathan M Wyrick, Brittany A Kalosza, George N Coritsidis, Raymond Tse, George Agriantonis
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies have shown that undocumented immigrants (UIs) display characteristics of having a low socioeconomic status and are primarily of ethnic minorities. These social determinants of health are known to be associated with diminished health care access and poor clinical outcomes. We therefore investigated the impact of documentation status on the clinical outcomes of patients with traumatic injuries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of the trauma registry at our safety net institution for all adult patients who were admitted from 2010 to 2014...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620950/the-risk-typology-of-healthcare-access-and-its-association-with-unmet-healthcare-needs-in-asian-americans
#19
Yuri Jang, Nan Sook Park, Hyunwoo Yoon, Ya-Ching Huang, Min-Kyoung Rhee, David A Chiriboga, Miyong T Kim
Using data from the 2015 Asian American Quality of Life Survey (N = 2,609), latent profile analysis was conducted on general (health insurance, usual place for care and income) and immigrant-specific (nativity, length of stay in the U.S., English proficiency and acculturation) risk factors of healthcare access. Latent profile analysis identified a three-cluster model (low-risk, moderate-risk and high-risk groups). Compared with the low-risk group, the odds of having an unmet healthcare need was 1.52 times greater in the moderate-risk group and 2...
June 15, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619877/government-management-of-accompanied-minors-held-in-the-custody-of-immigration-authorities
#20
James A Armontrout, John R Chamberlain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
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