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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882984/immigrant-and-minority-scientists-shaken-by-trump-win
#1
Heidi Ledford, Sara Reardon, Ramin Skibba
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2016: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882710/john-porter-book-prize-lecture-bringing-the-social-back-in-on-the-integration-of-muslim-immigrants-and-the-jurisprudence-of-muslim-minorities
#2
Abdolmohammad Kazemipur
In much of the academic debate on the integration of Muslims into Western liberal democracies, Islam is often treated as one or the sole independent variable in the lives of Muslims. Offering to view Islam-or the understanding of Islam among Muslims-as the dependent variable, The Muslim Question in Canada discusses the influence of socioeconomic forces in shaping the Muslim immigrants' opinions, modes of thinking, and even interpretations of their faith. Drawing on this general approach, which is introduced and developed in the book using a variety of both quantitative and qualitative data, this article focuses on a school of thought within the Islamic jurisprudence known as fiqh al-aqalliyyat al-Muslema (the jurisprudence of Muslim minorities)...
November 2016: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881919/posttraumatic-stress-and-depression-in-yazidi-refugees
#3
Serhat Nasıroğlu, Veysi Çeri
AIM: The aim of this investigation was to determine the frequency of mental pathologies in children and adolescents of the Yazidi minority group who immigrated to Turkey from Iraq. The refugees were asked about preventive and risk factors that occurred before and after their immigration. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The sample comprised 55 children and adolescents (30 males and 25 females) who were Yazidi refugees and had settled in the Uçkuyular, Oğuz, Onbaşı, and Uğurca villages of Batman, Turkey...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836127/lost-in-translation-medication-labeling-for-immigrant-families
#4
Michelle Cruz Jimenez Smith, H Shonna Yin, Lee M Sanders
OBJECTIVES: To identify the patient-safety hazards of current medication labeling standards for immigrant and language-minority families. SUMMARY: The Latino population in the United States has increased by more than 40% over the past decade and the total child population born to Latino parents will surpass one-half of the population in many states. With recent health care and immigration policies, this demographic shift has a disproportional effect on the Latino families...
November 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815269/length-of-residence-in-the-united-states-is-associated-with-a-higher-prevalence-of-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-immigrants-a-contemporary-analysis-of-the-national-health-interview-survey
#5
Yvonne Commodore-Mensah, Nwakaego Ukonu, Olawunmi Obisesan, Jonathan Kumi Aboagye, Charles Agyemang, Carolyn M Reilly, Sandra B Dunbar, Ike S Okosun
BACKGROUND: Cardiometabolic risk (CMR) factors including hypertension, overweight/obesity, diabetes mellitus, and hyperlipidemia are high among United States ethnic minorities, and the immigrant population continues to burgeon. METHODS AND RESULTS: Hypothesizing that acculturation (length of residence) would be associated with a higher prevalence of CMR factors, the authors analyzed data on 54, 984 US immigrants in the 2010-2014 National Health Interview Surveys...
November 4, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793837/mortality-outcomes-for-chinese-and-japanese-immigrants-in-the-usa-and-countries-of-origin-hong-kong-japan-a-comparative-analysis-using-national-mortality-records-from-2003-to-2011
#6
Katherine G Hastings, Karen Eggleston, Derek Boothroyd, Kristopher I Kapphahn, Mark R Cullen, Michele Barry, Latha P Palaniappan
BACKGROUND: With immigration and minority populations rapidly growing in the USA, it is critical to assess how these populations fare after immigration, and in subsequent generations. Our aim is to compare death rates and cause of death across foreign-born, US-born and country of origin Chinese and Japanese populations. METHODS: We analysed all-cause and cause-specific age-standardised mortality rates and trends using 2003-2011 US death record data for Chinese and Japanese decedents aged 25 or older by nativity status and sex, and used the WHO Mortality Database for Hong Kong and Japan decedents in the same years...
October 28, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773981/identifying-spanish-language-competent-physicians-the-diabetes-study-of-northern-california-distance
#7
Claudia Chaufan, Andrew J Karter, Howard H Moffet, Judy Quan, Melissa M Parker, Jenna Kruger, Dean Schillinger, Alicia Fernandez
OBJECTIVES: Language barriers negatively impact health care access and quality for US immigrants. Latinos are the second largest immigrant group and the largest, fastest growing minority. Health care systems need simple, low cost and accurate tools that they can use to identify physicians with Spanish language competence. We sought to address this need by validating a simple and low-cost tool already in use in a major health plan. DESIGN SETTING PARTICIPANTS: A web-based survey conducted in 2012 among physicians caring for patients in a large, integrated health care delivery system...
October 20, 2016: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771960/early-onset-of-type-2-diabetes-among-visible-minority-and-immigrant-populations-in-canada
#8
Eric Y Tenkorang
OBJECTIVES: Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that affects nearly over three million Canadians, including immigrants. The timing of the first onset of diabetes has been linked to several other severe diseases. Yet, there is a dearth of empirical studies that examine the timing of the first onset of diabetes among Canadians, in general, and among immigrants and ethnic minority populations within Canada, in particular. DESIGN: Applying event history techniques to the 2013 Canadian Community and Health Survey, we address this research void by examining factors that contribute to the first onset of diabetes among immigrant and visible minority populations in Canada (N = 8905)...
October 24, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764962/willingness-to-use-mental-health-counseling-and-antidepressants-in-older-korean-americans-the-role-of-beliefs-and-stigma-about-depression
#9
Nan Sook Park, Yuri Jang, David A Chiriboga
OBJECTIVES: Despite a high prevalence of mental health problems, racial/ethnic minorities are often reluctant to seek mental health services. Their reluctance may be shaped by cultural beliefs and stigma about mental health. The present study examined how beliefs and stigma about depression (e.g. disbelief in depression as a health-related condition, perception of depression as a normal part of aging, and/or depression as a sign of personal weakness/family shame) pose barriers to older Korean Americans' willingness to use mental health counseling and antidepressants...
October 21, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764954/are-immigrants-and-descendants-with-ill-health-more-prone-to-unemployment-evidence-from-18-european-countries
#10
Kristian Heggebø
OBJECTIVE: Previous research has established that both ill health and minority status are associated with unemployment. Less is known, however, about the interplay between having ill health and being from minority background. The present study examines whether immigrants and descendants with ill health are particularly prone to unemployment during an economic downturn in Europe. DESIGN: The European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) cross-sectional data material is utilized, and linear probability models are estimated...
October 21, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761728/postpartum-depression-among-african-american-and-latina-mothers-living-in-small-cities-towns-and-rural-communities
#11
Miguel Ceballos, Gail Wallace, Glenda Goodwin
BACKGROUND: The presence of postpartum depression can lead to poor maternal-child attachment, failure to thrive, and even infant death. Postpartum depression affects 13-19 % of parturients. However, among racial and ethnic minority parturients, postpartum depression rates have been shown to reach up to 35-67 % (as reported by O'Hara and McCabe, Annu Rev Clin Psychol 9:379-407, 2013; Boury et al., Women Health. 39(3):19-34, 2004; Ramos-Marcuse et al.. J Affect Disord. 122(1-2):68-75, 2010; Lucero et al...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749109/recommendations-for-developing-contextually-relevant-hiv-aids-prevention-strategies-targeting-african-born-immigrants-and-refugees-in-the-united-states
#12
Caroline Kingori, Camila LeMaster Esquivel, Qorsho Hassan, Abdul Elmi, Bakali Mukasa, Michael Reece
African-born immigrants and refugees have HIV infection rates six times higher than any other minority groups in the United States. Despite the increase in the population size and diversity of Somali immigrants and refugees in the United States, Somalis are one of the medically underserved population subgroups in this region. The lack of aggregate HIV infection rates among African-born immigrants, for example, Somali refugees, is a cause for alarm and calls for more research to be conducted in this subgroup...
October 2016: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743106/genetic-lineages-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-isolates-in-isfahan-iran
#13
Fatemeh Riyahi Zaniani, Sharareh Moghim, Hossein Mirhendi, Hajieh Ghasemian Safaei, Hossein Fazeli, Mahshid Salehi, Bahram Nasr Esfahani
In this study, we aimed to identify the genetic lineages of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates in Isfahan via the mycobacterial interspersed repetitive-unit-variable number tandem repeat typing method based on 15 loci. Forty-nine M. tuberculosis isolates were collected between 2013 and 2015 from Tuberculosis patients in Mollahadi Sabzevari Tuberculosis Center in Isfahan. All isolates were typed by 15-locus MIRU-VNTR typing. The highest percentage of isolates, 44.89 % (22/49), belonged to the Euro-American lineage, while the frequencies of the East-African-Indian, East-Asian, and Indo-Oceanic lineages were 28...
October 14, 2016: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736127/identifying-feigning-in-trauma-exposed-african-immigrants
#14
Rebecca A Weiss, Barry Rosenfeld
As the populations of Western countries become more diverse, the risk of inaccurately generalizing knowledge from majority ethnic groups to minority groups is increasing. However, few of the measures used in forensic assessment are based on normative samples that represent the considerable diversity present in forensic settings. This study examined 4 commonly used measures of feigning: the Dot Counting Test (DCT; Boone, Lu, & Herzberg, 2002); the Miller Forensic Assessment of Symptoms (M-FAST; Miller, 2001); the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM; Tombaugh, 1996); and a validity scale (atypical responding; ATR) on the Trauma Symptom Inventory-2 (Briere, 2011)...
August 15, 2016: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712672/life-satisfaction-ethnicity-and-neighbourhoods-is-there-an-effect-of-neighbourhood-ethnic-composition-on-life-satisfaction
#15
Gundi Knies, Alita Nandi, Lucinda Platt
Immigrants and ethnic minorities tend to have lower life satisfaction than majority populations. However, current understanding of the drivers of these gaps is limited. Using a rich, nationally representative data set with a large sample of ethnic minorities and matched neighbourhood characteristics, we test whether first and second generation minorities experience lower life satisfaction once accounting for compositional differences and whether, specifically, neighbourhood deprivation impacts their wellbeing...
November 2016: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668507/the-roles-of-acculturative-stress-and-social-constraints-on-psychological-distress-in-hispanic-latino-and-asian-immigrant-college-students
#16
Celia Ching Yee Wong, Alma Correa, Kendall Robinson, Qian Lu
Objectives: Acculturative stress has been linked to psychological distress, but few studies have explored the moderating role of social constraints on this relationship. Social constraints are the perception that social networks are unsupportive to stressor-related discussions. In the present study, the relationship between acculturative stress and psychological distress in Hispanic/Latino and Asian immigrants and the moderating role of social constraints in this relationship were examined. Method: Participants were 306 college students (169 Hispanics/Latinos, 137 Asians; 33...
September 26, 2016: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660870/hospitalization-of-injured-immigrants-in-poland-demographic-profile-and-diagnosis
#17
Dorota Cianciara, Paweł Goryński, Wojciech Seroka
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: More and more immigrants gradually come to Poland. Little is known, however, about their health situation or their injuries. The objective of this study was to analyse the cases of hospitalization of immigrants due to injuries in 2008-2010, including the number and demographic characteristics of the patients, as well as the nature of injury according to ICD-10 (S00-T98). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The analysis was conducted on the basis of data from the General Hospital Morbidity Study...
September 2016: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651271/medicaid-expansion-and-healthcare-access-lessons-from-asian-american-and-pacific-islander-experiences-in-california
#18
Won Kim Cook, Iyanrick John, Corina Chung, Winston Tseng, Juliet P Lee
Medicaid coverage increases access to care and improves health outcomes for disadvantaged populations. Yet disparities in enrollment and access to care persist. To understand the facilitators and barriers of Medicaid enrollment and accessing care under the Affordable Care Act for disadvantaged Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders. Focus groups and key informant interviews were conducted. Informational barriers to accessing care were pervasive among most new enrollees. Immigrants with limited English proficiency experienced disproportionate difficulties in enrolling and accessing care post enrollment...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650021/-impact-of-ethnicity-and-social-background-on-examination-results-of-medical-students
#19
K M Stegers-Jager, F N Brommet, A P N Themmen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate underperformance across ethnic minority groups and by first-generation university students in different types of examinations during pre-clinical training. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study METHODS: Participants included Erasmus MC students from the 2008-2013 cohorts (n=2432). Outcome measures were pass/fail on three types of written examinations: 1) theoretical knowledge: clinical problem solving tests (CPSTs) (Year 1-3) and end-of-block tests (Year 1c2-c3), 2) language skills test (Year 1) and 3) writing skills tests (Year 1-3), and OSCEs (Year 2-3)...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648992/pros-and-cons-for-the-medical-age-assessments-in-unaccompanied-minors-a-mini-review
#20
Vincenzo De Sanctis, Ashraf T Soliman, Nada A Soliman, Rania Elalaily, Salvatore Di Maio, Elsaid M A Bedair, Islam Kassem, Giuseppe Millimaggi
Unaccompanied minors refer to immigrants who are under the age of 18 and are not under the care of a parent or legal guardian. Age assessment is used in Europe mainly to establish whether or not an individual is under 18 years of age and therefore eligible for protection under the United Nations' Convention on the Rights of the Child (UN - CRC). EU Member States use a combination of techniques to determine the age of a minor and to certify minor status, including interviews and documentation, physical examinations (anthropometric assessment; sexual maturity assessment; dental observation); psychological and sociological assessment; radiological tests (carpal, dental or collarbone x-rays)...
2016: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
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