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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321765/recruitment-and-retention-of-south-asian-ethnic-minority-populations-in-behavioral-interventions-to-improve-type-2-diabetes-outcomes
#1
REVIEW
Bushra Mahmood, Rowshanak Afshar, Tricia S Tang
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: South Asian (SA) immigrants have a higher burden of type 2 diabetes, report poor self-management, and remain a hard-to-engage group in behavioral interventions. The purpose of this review was to characterize recruitment and retention of SAs in behavioral interventions. RECENT FINDINGS: We identified 14 studies with limited information regarding recruitment and retention. Overall recruitment rates were low: 12 studies had a mean recruitment rate of 44% among those screened, and 9 studies with complete information on eligibility had a mean recruitment rate of 65...
April 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314455/multicultural-developmental-experiences-implications-for-resilience-in-transitional-age-youth
#2
REVIEW
Deborah Rivas-Drake, Gabriela Livas Stein
Transitional age youth were born into a world that is becomingly increasingly diverse. Youth who are ethnic or racial minorities encounter cultural stressors, including acculturative stress and discrimination that undermine their health and mental health. Decades of research demonstrate that cultural assets can serve as risk-reducing and resilience-enhancing mechanisms among minority and immigrant youth. Cultural assets include the development of a healthy ethnic-racial identity and maintenance of cultural values...
April 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303234/the-civic-integrationist-turn-in-danish-and-swedish-school-politics
#3
Christian Fernández, Kristian Kriegbaum Jensen
The civic integrationist turn usually refers to the stricter requirements for residence and citizenship that many states have implemented since the late 1990's. But what of other policy spheres that are essential for the formation of citizens? Is there a civic turn in school policy? And does it follow the pattern of residence and citizenship? This article addresses these questions through a comparative study of the EU's allegedly strictest and most liberal immigration regimes, Denmark and Sweden, respectively...
2017: Comp Migr Stud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295850/the-effect-of-stereotypes-and-prejudices-regarding-gender-roles-on-the-relation-between-nurses-and-muslim-fathers-in-health-institutions-within-the-community-of-madrid-spain
#4
Juan Luis González-Pascual, Laura Esteban-Gonzalo, Marta Rodríguez-García, Sagrario Gómez-Cantarino, Manuel Moreno-Preciado
Modern Western societies are characterized by a considerable cultural and ethnic diversity whereby different groups and minorities live side by side. However, not all people are viewed in the same light by the autochthonous population. This is particularly true in the case of Muslim immigrants, who are often prone to negative stereotyping and prejudice. This has become increasingly apparent since the 2001 terrorist attacks in New York and the subsequent attacks in various Western countries. This study seeks to analyze the relation between female nurses and those labeled by nurses as "Muslim fathers," as part of a research project on the care of immigrant children in Madrid (Spain)...
March 13, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295129/exposure-to-fine-particulate-matter-air-pollution-in-canada
#5
Lauren Pinault, Aaron van Donkelaar, Randall V Martin
BACKGROUND: Exposure to ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) has been associated with a greater risk of non-accidental, cardiovascular and respiratory mortality in Canada. Research based on Canadian cohorts suggests that exposure to PM2.5 varies by demographic and socioeconomic characteristics. Studies of NO₂, another pollutant, indicate that persons of lower socioeconomic status and some visible minority groups have greater exposure in urban centres. DATA AND METHODS: National residential PM2...
March 15, 2017: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294479/understanding-advance-care-planning-within-the-south-asian-community
#6
Patricia D Biondo, Rashika Kalia, Rooh-Afza Khan, Nadia Asghar, Cyrene Banerjee, Debbie Boulton, Nancy Marlett, Svetlana Shklarov, Jessica E Simon
BACKGROUND: Advance care planning (ACP) is a process of reflection on and communication of a person's future health-care preferences. Evidence suggests visible minorities engage less in ACP. The South Asian ethnic group is the largest visible minority group in Canada, and information is needed to understand how ACP is perceived and how best to approach ACP within this diverse community. OBJECTIVE: To explore perspectives of South Asian community members towards ACP...
March 10, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276806/psychobiological-impact-of-ethnic-discrimination-in-turkish-immigrants-living-in-germany
#7
Susanne Fischer, Urs M Nater, Jana Strahler, Nadine Skoluda, Leander Dieterich, Orgun Oezcan, Ricarda Mewes
Perceived ethnic discrimination has a negative impact on health. One of the key mechanisms may be a dysregulation of stress-responsive systems. Our aims were to investigate whether (1) acute face-to-face ethnic discrimination induces a stress response, and (2) to compare long-term endocrine functioning between immigrants and nonimmigrants. 30 male Turkish immigrants living in Germany underwent an ethnic discrimination condition and a control condition in the laboratory. Perceived ethnic discrimination, stress, salivary alpha-amylase and cortisol were measured four times...
March 5, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275923/conceptualizing-culturally-infused-engagement-and-its-measurement-for-ethnic-minority-and-immigrant-children-and-families
#8
REVIEW
Miwa Yasui, Kathleen J Pottick, Yun Chen
Despite the central role culture plays in racial and ethnic disparities in mental health among ethnic minority and immigrant children and families, existing measures of engagement in mental health services have failed to integrate culturally specific factors that shape these families' engagement with mental health services. To illustrate this gap, the authors systematically review 119 existing instruments that measure the multi-dimensional and developmental process of engagement for ethnic minority and immigrant children and families...
March 8, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271264/identity-and-its-construal-learning-from-luxembourg
#9
Elke Murdock
This article examines national identity construal processes within the case study context of Luxembourg. Building on research highlighting the modalities of generalization from case studies, I present the country case that is Luxembourg. This social universe has a foreign population percentage of 47% and what is considered majority and minority becomes increasingly fluid. The migration process itself is fluid, ranging from daily migration, to medium-term stays, return visits and permanent immigration including uptake of citizenship...
March 7, 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263621/not-your-model-minority-own-group-activism-among-asian-americans
#10
Julia Tran, Nicola Curtin
OBJECTIVES: Research on Asian American activism is neglected in the collective action literature. This study examined a model of Asian American activism that included a context-specific variable, model minority beliefs, and 3 traditional predictors of collective engagement: experiences of discrimination, collective racial identity, and structural awareness. METHOD: Participants completed a survey on their sociopolitical attitudes and behaviors. All participants identified as Asian American (N = 187; Mage = 32...
March 6, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260636/hiv-risk-behaviours-among-immigrant-and-ethnic-minority-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-north-america-and-europe-a-systematic-review
#11
Nathaniel M Lewis, Kathi Wilson
HIV surveillance systems show that gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) bear a disproportionate burden of HIV in North American and European countries. Within the MSM category, HIV prevalence is often elevated among ethnic minority (i.e., Latino, Asian, and Black) MSM, many of whom are also foreign-born immigrants. Little research has focused specifically on foreign-born populations, though studies that provide data on the nativity of their samples offer an opportunity to investigate the potential role of transnational migration in informing HIV risk among ethnic minority MSM...
February 24, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254388/measuring-unmet-needs-for-anticipatory-guidance-among-adolescents-at-school-based-health-centers
#12
Mary M Ramos, Rachel A Sebastian, Scott P Stumbo, Jane McGrath, Gerry Fairbrother
PURPOSE: Our previously validated Youth Engagement with Health Services survey measures adolescent health care quality. The survey response format allows adolescents to indicate whether their needs for anticipatory guidance were met. Here, we describe the unmet needs for anticipatory guidance reported by adolescents and identify adolescent characteristics related to unmet needs for guidance. METHODS: We administered the survey in 2013-2014 to 540 adolescents who used school-based health centers in Colorado and New Mexico...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236689/do-attitudes-and-behavior-of-health-care-professionals-exacerbate-health-care-disparities-among-immigrant-and-ethnic-minority-groups-an-integrative-literature-review
#13
REVIEW
Daniel Drewniak, Tanja Krones, Verina Wild
OBJECTIVES: Recent investigations of ethnicity related disparities in health care have focused on the contribution of providers' implicit biases. A significant effect on health care outcomes is suggested, but the results are mixed. The purpose of this integrative literature review is to provide an overview and synthesize the current empirical research on the potential influence of health care professionals' attitudes and behaviors towards ethnic minority patients on health care disparities...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217042/minority-population-group-status-and-qol-change-the-case-of-older-israelis
#14
Noam Damri, Howard Litwin
This study explores minority group status in relation to change in Quality of Life (QOL) among three population groups in Israel-Veteran Jews, Arab-Israelis and immigrants from the Former Soviet Union (FSU)-controlling for a set of known predictors. The study uses panel data from two waves (2009/10 and 2013) of the Israeli component of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe, (N=1,590). A set of Ordinary Least Squares regressions is used to predict positive QOL change over the two waves. Interaction terms in a number of selected areas are considered...
December 2016: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211056/targeted-mass-media-interventions-promoting-healthy-behaviours-to-reduce-risk-of-non-communicable-diseases-in-adult-ethnic-minorities
#15
REVIEW
Annhild Mosdøl, Ingeborg B Lidal, Gyri H Straumann, Gunn E Vist
BACKGROUND: Physical activity, a balanced diet, avoidance of tobacco exposure, and limited alcohol consumption may reduce morbidity and mortality from non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Mass media interventions are commonly used to encourage healthier behaviours in population groups. It is unclear whether targeted mass media interventions for ethnic minority groups are more or less effective in changing behaviours than those developed for the general population. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of mass media interventions targeting adult ethnic minorities with messages about physical activity, dietary patterns, tobacco use or alcohol consumption to reduce the risk of NCDs...
February 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208066/children-s-evaluations-of-interethnic-exclusion-the-effects-of-ethnic-boundaries-respondent-ethnicity-and-majority-in-group-bias
#16
Jochem Thijs
Two vignette studies were conducted in which preadolescent children (Study 1: N=542; Study 2: N=137; aged 8-13years) evaluated the exclusion, for unknown reasons, of an immigrant minority child by a native majority peer (majority interethnic exclusion). Study 1 compared children's evaluations of majority interethnic exclusion with their evaluations of (majority and minority) intraethnic exclusion and minority interethnic exclusion, and Study 2 examined children's underlying explanations. Each study compared ethnic majority and ethnic minority respondents and examined the role of in-group bias for the former...
June 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199330/comparison-of-bacterial-communities-from-lava-cave-microbial-mats-to-overlying-surface-soils-from-lava-beds-national-monument-usa
#17
Kathleen H Lavoie, Ara S Winter, Kaitlyn J H Read, Evan M Hughes, Michael N Spilde, Diana E Northup
Subsurface habitats harbor novel diversity that has received little attention until recently. Accessible subsurface habitats include lava caves around the world that often support extensive microbial mats on ceilings and walls in a range of colors. Little is known about lava cave microbial diversity and how these subsurface mats differ from microbial communities in overlying surface soils. To investigate these differences, we analyzed bacterial 16S rDNA from 454 pyrosequencing from three colors of microbial mats (tan, white, and yellow) from seven lava caves in Lava Beds National Monument, CA, USA, and compared them with surface soil overlying each cave...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186484/-visible-minority-nurses-and-vertical-mobility-in-hospitals
#18
Naima Bouabdillah, Dave Holmes, Jocelyne Tourigny
Canada has experienced a significant change in its ethnic and cultural composition in recent decades. The sustained immigration from non-European countries has given rise to new generation of visible minorities. This new trend is clearly reflected in healthcare institutions. However, the number of visible minority nurses (VMN) is particularly low in management positions. This research adopting critical ethnography and postcolonial approach focuses on the career paths of VMN in Canadian healthcare institutions...
2016: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179020/hepatitis-b-virus-infection-in-undocumented-immigrants-and-refugees-in-southern-italy-demographic-virological-and-clinical-features
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Nicola Coppola, Loredana Alessio, Luciano Gualdieri, Mariantonietta Pisaturo, Caterina Sagnelli, Carmine Minichini, Giovanni Di Caprio, Mario Starace, Lorenzo Onorato, Giuseppe Signoriello, Margherita Macera, Italo Francesco Angelillo, Giuseppe Pasquale, Evangelista Sagnelli
BACKGROUND: The data on hepatitis b virus (HBV) infection in immigrants population are scanty. The porpoise of this study was to define the demographic, virological, and clinical characteristics of subjects infected with HBV chronic infection in a cohort of immigrants living in Naples, Italy. METHODS: A screening for HBV infection was offered to 1,331 immigrants, of whom 1,212 (91%) (831 undocumented immigrants and 381 refugees) accepted and were screened for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and anti-hepatitis B core antibody (HBc)...
February 9, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100067/race-based-experiences-of-ethnic-minority-health-professionals-arab-physicians-and-nurses-in-israeli-public-healthcare-organizations
#20
Yael Keshet, Ariela Popper-Giveon
Increasing workforce diversity was found to contribute to the narrowing of disparities in health. However, racism toward ethnic minority health professionals has not been adequately researched. In Israel, public healthcare organizations that serve a mixed Jewish-Arab population employ Arab minority healthcare professionals. Instances of prejudice and manifestations of racism toward them, which frequently surface in public discussion and the media, have unfortunately gained little scholarly attention. We used the intergroup contact approach and the theory of the social process of everyday racism as a theoretical framework...
January 19, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
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