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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911127/nutritional-status-of-children-from-low-income-countries-arriving-in-spain
#1
Moncef Belhassen-García, Virginia Velasco-Tirado, Amparo Lopez-Bernus, Juan Luis Muñoz Bellido, Antonio Muro, Miguel Cordero, Javier Pardo-Lledias
Background: Nutritional problems, anaemia and infectious diseases are the main causes of morbidity and mortality in children and adolescents in tropical and subtropical areas. The main objective of this study was to determine the nutritional status in children from low-income countries who migrated to Spain and the value of the usual biochemistry markers of nutrition in these children, as well as to evaluate the nutritional status associated with imported infectious diseases. Moreover, we evaluated the association between anaemia and nutrition problems...
September 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903649/backlash-the-politics-and-real-world-consequences-of-minority-group-dehumanization
#2
Nour Kteily, Emile Bruneau
Research suggests that members of advantaged groups who feel dehumanized by other groups respond aggressively. But little is known about how meta-dehumanization affects disadvantaged minority group members, historically the primary targets of dehumanization. We examine this important question in the context of the 2016 U.S. Republican Primaries, which have witnessed the widespread derogation and dehumanization of Mexican immigrants and Muslims. Two initial studies document that Americans blatantly dehumanize Mexican immigrants and Muslims; this dehumanization uniquely predicts support for aggressive policies proposed by Republican nominees, and dehumanization is highly associated with supporting Republican candidates (especially Donald Trump)...
January 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888287/the-optimism-trap-migrants-educational-choices-in-stratified-education-systems
#3
Jasper Dag Tjaden, Christian Hunkler
Immigrant children's ambitious educational choices have often been linked to their families' high level of optimism and motivation for upward mobility. However, previous research has mostly neglected alternative explanations such as information asymmetries or anticipated discrimination. Moreover, immigrant children's higher dropout rates at the higher secondary and university level suggest that low performing migrant students could have benefitted more from pursuing less ambitious tracks, especially in countries that offer viable vocational alternatives...
September 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875465/measles-rubella-and-varicella-igg-seroprevalence-in-a-large-refugee-cohort-in-germany-in-2015-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Alexandra Jablonka, Christine Happle, Martin Wetzke, Christian Dopfer, Sonja Merkesdal, Reinhold E Schmidt, Georg M N Behrens, Philipp Solbach
INTRODUCTION: The current extent of migration to the European continent is associated with exceptional humanitarian challenges. In 2015, Western Europe faced an enormous immigration of refugees with largely unknown protection status against communicable diseases. To adapt vaccination strategies, we aimed at assessing seroprevalences against three of the most relevant vaccine preventable diseases (VPD) in a large representative cohort. METHODS: IgG seroprevalences for rubella, varicella (n = 554) and measles (n = 552) were analyzed in inhabitants of a Northern German refugee camp in the summer of 2015...
September 5, 2017: Infectious Diseases and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854860/predictors-of-positive-mental-health-among-refugees-results-from-canada-s-general-social-survey
#5
Morton Beiser, Feng Hou
Do refugees have lower levels of positive mental health than other migrants? If so, to what extent is this attributable to post-migration experiences, including discrimination? How does gender affect the relationships between post-migration experience and positive mental health? To address these questions, the current study uses data from Statistics Canada's 2013 General Social Survey (GSS), a nationally representative household study that included 27,695 Canadians 15 years of age and older. The study compares self-reported positive mental health among 651 refugees, 309 economic immigrants, and 448 family class immigrants from 50 source countries...
January 1, 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854613/racial-ethnic-differences-in-expectations-regarding-aging-among-older-adults
#6
Josephine A Menkin, Shu-Sha Angie Guan, Daniel Araiza, Carmen E Reyes, Laura Trejo, Sarah E Choi, Phyllis Willis, John Kotick, Elizabeth Jimenez, Sina Ma, Heather E McCreath, Emiley Chang, Tuff Witarama, Catherine A Sarkisian
Purpose of the Study: The study identifies differences in age-expectations between older adults from Korean, Chinese, Latino, and African American backgrounds living in the United States. Design and Methods: This study uses baseline demographic, age-expectation, social, and health data from 229 racial/ethnic minority seniors in a stroke-prevention intervention trial. Unadjusted regression models and pair-wise comparisons tested for racial/ethnic differences in age-expectations, overall, and across domain subscales (e...
August 1, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852948/the-association-between-acculturation-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-ghanaian-and-nigerian-born-african-immigrants-in-the-united-states-the-afro-cardiac-study
#7
Yvonne Commodore-Mensah, Nwakaego Ukonu, Lisa A Cooper, Charles Agyemang, Cheryl Dennison Himmelfarb
The burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in ethnic minorities in the United States (US) is high. Acculturation may worsen or improve cardiovascular health in immigrants. We sought to examine the association between acculturation and elevated cardiovascular disease risk in African immigrants, a growing immigrant population in the US. We conducted a cross-sectional study of Ghanaian and Nigerian born-African immigrants in the US. To determine whether acculturation was associated with having elevated CVD risk (defined as ≥3 CVD risk factors or Pooled Cohort Equations score ≥7...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840518/does-acculturative-stress-influence-immigrant-sexual-hiv-risk-and-hiv-testing-behavior-evidence-from-a-survey-of-male-mexican-migrants
#8
Ana P Martinez-Donate, Xiao Zhang, M Gudelia Rangel, Melbourne F Hovell, J Eduardo Gonzalez-Fagoaga, Carlos Magis-Rodriguez, Sylvia Guendelman
OBJECTIVE: Migration is a structural factor that increases HIV vulnerability. Acculturative stress represents a possible mechanism through which migration may negatively impact HIV risk. This study investigated socio-ecological factors associated with acculturative stress levels and examined the association between acculturative stress and HIV-related behavior among Mexican im/migrants. METHODOLOGY: We used data from a probability survey of Mexican im/migrants (N = 1383) conducted in Tijuana, Mexico, in 2009-2010...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826348/home-based-and-technology-centered-childhood-obesity-prevention-for-chinese-mothers-with-preschool-aged-children
#9
Angela Sun, Joyce Cheng, Quynh Bui, Yvonne Liang, Terence Ng, Jyu-Lin Chen
INTRODUCTION: Nearly a quarter of preschool-aged Chinese American children are overweight or obese. Children of overweight mothers are at higher risk for obesity. Efforts to prevent obesity among low-income minority children with overweight mothers should start in early childhood. METHODOLOGY: This randomized pilot study consisted of 8 weekly sessions, examined feasibility of a tablet computer-based intervention among 32 mother-child dyads. The study estimated effect size of the intervention at baseline, 3 and 6 months on maternal outcomes including self-efficacy, eating behaviors, physical activity, child-feeding practices, and change in body mass index...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812239/social-status-discrimination-and-minority-individuals-mental-health-a-secondary-analysis-of-us-national-surveys
#10
Celia C Lo, Tyrone C Cheng
OBJECTIVES: Our study measured minority individuals' social status factors and frequency of discrimination experiences, in order to delineate social mechanisms linking race/ethnicity to mental status (specifically, to current mood/anxiety disorder and self-rated mental health). METHODS: In this nationally representative secondary research, our data analyses drew on the cross-sectional "Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys," dating 2001-2003. The sample for the final model numbered 9368 respondents (2016 Asians, 2676 Latinos, 4676 blacks)...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810434/unhealthy-weight-control-strategies-an-outcome-of-body-image-and-eating-tensions-in-women-of-mexican-origin-living-in-rural-farming-communities
#11
Karen F Stein, Nicole Trabold, Kay Connelly
Unhealthy eating and weight control behaviors are important but modifiable factors that contribute to obesity in majority and minority populations. Studies suggest that these behaviors are common in Mexican American women, but most studies completed to date have focused on college enrolled Mexican American women. Little is known about body weight concerns, eating and weight control behaviors in low acculturated immigrant Mexican women. This qualitative descriptive study utilized two focus groups with 15 women to identify and describe body weight and shape perceptions, and thoughts and behaviors related to eating and weight control of low acculturated Mexican American living in disadvantaged economic situations...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796056/examining-the-association-between-possessing-a-regular-source-of-healthcare-and-adherence-with-cancer-screenings-among-haitian-households-in-little-haiti-miami-dade-county-florida
#12
Hauchie Pang, Mariel Cataldi, Emmanuelle Allseits, Melissa Ward-Peterson, Pura Rodríguez de la Vega, Grettel Castro, Juan Manuel Acuña
Immigrant minorities regularly experience higher incidence and mortality rates of cancer. Frequently, a variety of social determinants create obstacles for those individuals to get the screenings they need. This is especially true for Haitian immigrants, a particularly vulnerable immigrant population in South Florida, who have been identified as having low cancer screening rates. While Haitian immigrants have some of the lowest cancer screening rates in the country, there is little existing literature that addresses barriers to cancer screenings among the population of Little Haiti in Miami-Dade County, Florida...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780439/ethnic-density-immigrant-enclaves-and-latino-health-risks-a-propensity-score-matching-approach
#13
Kelin Li, Ming Wen, Kevin A Henry
Whether minority concentration in a neighborhood exposes residents to, or protects them from, health risks has generated burgeoning scholarly interests; yet endogeneity as a result of neighborhood selection largely remains unclear in the literature. This study addresses such endogeneity and simultaneously investigates the roles of co-ethnic density and immigrant enclaves in influencing high blood pressure and high cholesterol level among Latinos, the largest minority group in the United States. Pooled cross-sectional data that included both native and foreign-born Latinos of Puerto Rican, Mexican, and other origins (N = 1563) from the 2006 and 2008 Southeastern Pennsylvania Household Health Survey were linked to census-tract profiles from the 2005-2009 American Community Survey...
September 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774414/hepatitis-delta-infection-current-and-new-treatment-options
#14
REVIEW
Menashe Elazar, Christopher Koh, Jeffrey S Glenn
In humans, hepatitis D virus (HDV) infection only occurs in the presence of a concomitant hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, and induces the most severe form of human viral hepatitis. Even though HDV is spread worldwide and is endemic in some regions, screening and treatment has been often neglected in part due to the lack of an effective therapy. Moreover, HDV prevalence rates are increasing in many countries driven by immigration from areas of high endemicity. Currently, no FDA-approved anti-HDV therapy is available, although interferon (IFN) alpha therapy has demonstrated benefit in a minority of patients...
June 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767094/depressive-symptoms-and-length-of-u-s-residency-are-associated-with-obesity-among-low-income-latina-mothers-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#15
Ana Cristina Lindsay, Mary L Greaney, Sherrie F Wallington, Julie A Wright, Anne T Hunt
Latinos are the largest minority population group in the United States (U.S.), and low-income Latina women are at elevated risk of depression and obesity. Thus, the prevention of these two problems is a pressing public health concern in this population. Both depressive symptoms and obesity are modifiable factors that can be addressed by culturally relevant interventions. However, the association between depressive symptoms and obesity in Latina immigrant women is not well understood. Therefore, this cross-sectional study examined the association between depressive symptoms and obesity among Latina women of childbearing age (15-44)...
August 2, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750080/beliefs-about-hypertension-among-nigerian-immigrants-to-the-united-kingdom-a-qualitative-study
#16
James Tosin Akinlua, Richard Meakin, Nick Freemantle
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to elicit beliefs about hypertension among Nigerian immigrants in the United Kingdom. BACKGROUND: The distributions of cardiovascular risk factors and diseases are not shared equally across ethnic and economic groups in the United Kingdom. Its burden is more clustered among minority ethnic populations and migrant groups including black African Nigerian migrants. Similar patterns have been reported across Europe, Australia, Canada, Nordic countries and the United States of America...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748743/community-based-game-intervention-to-improve-south-asian-indian-americans-engagement-with-advanced-care-planning
#17
Kavita Radhakrishnan, Lauren Jodi Van Scoy, Regina Jillapalli, Shubhada Saxena, Miyong T Kim
OBJECTIVE: Advance care planning (ACP) allows individuals to express their preferences for medical treatment in the event that they become incapable of making their own decisions. This study assessed the efficacy of a conversation game intervention for increasing South Asian Indian Americans' (SAIAs') engagement in ACP behaviors as well as the game's acceptability and cultural appropriateness among SAIAs. DESIGN: Eligible community-dwelling SAIAs were recruited at SAIA cultural events held in central Texas during the summer of 2016...
July 27, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731624/risk-for-postpartum-depression-among-immigrant-arabic-women-in-the-united-states-a-feasibility-study
#18
Dalia Alhasanat, Judith Fry-McComish, Hossein N Yarandi
INTRODUCTION: Postpartum depression (PPD) affects approximately 14% of women in the United States and 10% to 37% of Arabic women in the Middle East. Evidence suggests that immigrant women experience higher rates, but information on PPD among immigrant women of Arabic descent in the United States is nonexistent. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive feasibility study was conducted to assess the practicality of implementing a larger proposed research study to examine predictors of PPD in US immigrant women of Arabic descent residing in Dearborn, Michigan...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725839/nursing-strategies-for-engaging-families-of-older-immigrants-hospitalized-for-end-of-life-care-an-australian-study
#19
Megan-Jane Johnstone, Alison M Hutchinson, Helen Rawson, Bernice Redley
BACKGROUND: Engaging with families of older non-English-speaking background (NESB) immigrants hospitalized for end-of-life (EOL) care can be challenging, especially when their cultures, lifeways, and family decision-making processes are unfamiliar to the nurses caring for them. Despite the recognized importance of family engagement when providing EOL care, the issue of ethnic minority family engagement has received little attention in the field. AIM: To explore and describe the strategies nurses use to facilitate engagement with families of older immigrant NESB patients hospitalized for EOL care...
September 2016: Journal of patient experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715698/acculturative-stress-as-a-moderator-of-the-effect-of-drinking-motives-on-alcohol-use-and-problems-among-young-adults
#20
Bridgid Mariko Conn, Kida Ejesi, Dawn W Foster
BACKGROUND: Research has demonstrated a strong relationship between drinking motives and alcohol use among young adult populations. Further, there is substantial evidence of the association between psychosocial stressors and greater alcohol consumption. In the present study, we examined whether acculturative stress would moderate the relationship between major drinking motives and alcohol use behaviors and alcohol-related problems, and whether this relationship differs by racial/ethnic group...
December 2017: Addictive Behaviors
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