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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532482/-ensure-that-you-are-well-aware-of-the-risks-you-are-taking%C3%A2-actions-and-activities-medical-tourists-informal-caregivers-can-undertake-to-protect-their-health-and-safety
#1
Valorie A Crooks, Rebecca Whitmore, Jeremy Snyder, Leigh Turner
BACKGROUND: When seeking care at international hospitals and clinics, medical tourists are often accompanied by family members, friends, or other caregivers. Such caregiver-companions assume a variety of roles and responsibilities and typically offer physical assistance, provide emotional support, and aid in decision-making and record keeping as medical tourists navigate unfamiliar environments. While traveling abroad, medical tourists' caregiver-companions can find themselves confronted with challenging communication barriers, financial pressures, emotional strain, and unsafe environments...
May 22, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515205/family-network-size-and-survival-across-the-lifespan-of-female-macaques
#2
L J N Brent, A Ruiz-Lambides, M L Platt
Two decades of research suggest social relationships have a common evolutionary basis in humans and other gregarious mammals. Critical to the support of this idea is growing evidence that mortality is influenced by social integration, but when these effects emerge and how long they last is mostly unknown. Here, we report in adult female macaques that the impact of number of close adult female relatives, a proxy for social integration, on survival is not experienced uniformly across the life course; prime-aged females with a greater number of relatives had better survival outcomes compared with prime-aged females with fewer relatives, whereas no such effect was found in older females...
May 17, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498175/experiences-of-healthcare-professionals-of-having-their-significant-other-admitted-to-an-acute-care-facility-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#3
Hussamaldeen Sabyani, Richard Wiechula, Judy Magarey, Frank Donnelly
BACKGROUND: Most healthcare professionals at some time will experience having a significant other admitted to an acute care hospital. The knowledge and understanding that these individuals possess because of their professional practice can potentially alter this experience. Expectations of staff and other family members (FMs) can potentially increase the burden on these health professionals. All FMs of patients should have their needs and expectations considered; however, this review specifically addresses what may be unique for healthcare professionals...
May 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481613/perceptions-of-masculinity-and-fatherhood-among-men-experiencing-homelessness
#4
Alexander Rice, Ji Youn Cindy Kim, Christopher Nguyen, William Ming Liu, Kevin Fall, Patrick Galligan
This study explored the perceptions of fatherhood held by 11 men living in a homeless shelter. Using consensual qualitative research methodology (CQR; Hill, 2012), we investigated perceptions of masculinity and fatherhood among fathers experiencing homelessness. Participants described (a) their perceptions of masculinity and fatherhood and changes resulting from homelessness, (b) physical and psychological challenges of being a father experiencing homelessness, and (c) expectations of homeless fathers. The fathers generally expressed feelings of low self-esteem related to their perceived difficulty fulfilling the role of providers for their family; however, they also adapted their view of fatherhood to include roles suited to their situation, such as that of guide, teacher, and role model...
May 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478857/a-qualitative-study-of-the-post-treatment-experiences-and-support-needs-of-survivors-of-lymphoma
#5
Leanne Monterosso, Karen Taylor, Violet Platt, Elizabeth Lobb, Meinir Krishnasamy, Toni Musiello, Caroline Bulsara, Kendall Stratton, David Joske
PURPOSE: To explore the post-treatment experiences and preferences for follow-up support of lymphoma survivors. METHODS: Two focus groups were conducted with 17 participants to explore informational, psychological, emotional, social, practical and physical needs, 6-30 months post-treatment for lymphoma. Perceptions regarding a potential model of survivorship care were also elicited. RESULTS: Thematic content analysis revealed five key themes: Information; Loss and uncertainty; Family, support and post-treatment experience; Transition, connectivity and normalcy, and Person-centred post-treatment care...
June 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474413/alzheimer-s-disease-individuals-dyads-communities-and-costs
#6
Christopher M Callahan
Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD) affect over 5 million Americans. Over a typical disease course of 5-10 years, family caregivers provide the majority of the day-to-day hands-on on care for persons with dementia. Most caregivers enter this complex role with little training and inadequate household resources and they are tasked to navigate a fragmented health care system as well as a patchwork of community services. Our nation can and should do more to help family caregivers provide care in the home to their loved ones who suffer from dementia...
May 5, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474153/-we-would-never-forget-who-we-are-resettlement-cultural-negotiation-and-family-relationships-among-somali-bantu-refugees
#7
Rochelle L Frounfelker, Mehret T Assefa, Emily Smith, Aweis Hussein, Theresa S Betancourt
Somali refugees are resettling in large numbers in the US, but little is known about the Somali Bantu, an ethnic minority within this population. Refugee youth mental health is linked to the functioning of the larger family unit. Understanding how the process of culturally adjusting to life after resettlement relates to family functioning can help identify what kind of interventions might strengthen families and lead to better mental health outcomes for youth. This paper seeks to address the following research questions: (1) How do different groups of Somali Bantu refugees describe their experiences of culturally adapting to life in the US?; and (2) How, if at all, do processes of cultural adaptation in a new country affect Somali Bantu family functioning? We conducted 14 focus groups with a total of 81 Somali Bantu refugees in New England...
May 4, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472374/the-ebi-search-engine-ebi-search-as-a-service-making-biological-data-accessible-for-all
#8
Young M Park, Silvano Squizzato, Nicola Buso, Tamer Gur, Rodrigo Lopez
We present an update of the EBI Search engine, an easy-to-use fast text search and indexing system with powerful data navigation and retrieval capabilities. The interconnectivity that exists between data resources at EMBL-EBI provides easy, quick and precise navigation and a better understanding of the relationship between different data types that include nucleotide and protein sequences, genes, gene products, proteins, protein domains, protein families, enzymes and macromolecular structures, as well as the life science literature...
May 2, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470506/navigating-cancer-using-online-communities-a-grounded-theory-of-survivor-and-family-experiences
#9
Lydia Jo Harkin, Kinta Beaver, Paola Dey, Kartina Choong
PURPOSE: People affected by cancer often have unmet emotional and social support needs. Online cancer communities are a convenient channel for connecting cancer survivors, allowing them to support one another. However, it is unclear whether online community use makes a meaningful contribution to cancer survivorship, as little previous research has examined the experience of using contemporary cancer communities. We aimed to explore the experiences of visitors to online cancer communities...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467626/shared-care-involving-cancer-specialists-and-primary-care-providers-what-do-cancer-survivors-want
#10
Sharon Lawn, Julia Fallon-Ferguson, Bogda Koczwara
BACKGROUND: Cancer survivors are living longer, prompting greater focus on managing cancer as a chronic condition. Shared care between primary care providers (PCPs) and cancer specialists, involving explicit partnership in how care is communicated, could ensure effective transitions between services. However, little is known about cancer patients' and survivors' preferences regarding shared care. OBJECTIVE: To explore Australian cancer survivors' views on shared care: what cancer survivors need from shared care; enablers and barriers to advancing shared care; and what successful shared care looks like...
May 3, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464086/extension-education-symposium-getting-the-most-out-of-your-extension-appointment-and-still-having-a-life
#11
W Powers, N Cockett, G Lardy
Managing the demands of an academic appointment in extension can be a challenging task. Demands from constituent groups, expectations of supervisors, and rigors of promotion and tenure processes can create pressures that young faculty did not expect. Throw in spousal and family duties and you have created a situation that many will find hard to navigate. However, there are ways to cope and, even better news, there are ways to excel in meeting the demands of an academic appointment and enjoying life. Because many new extension faculty members do not have prior experience in extension, best practices in documenting programs and extension scholarship over the pretenure period are provided in this paper...
April 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463635/research-priorities-for-palliative-care-for-older-adults-with-advanced-chronic-kidney-disease
#12
Ann M O'Hare, Mi-Kyung Song, Manjula Kurella Tamura, Alvin H Moss
Older adults with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) often have multiple comorbid conditions, a high symptom burden, and limited life expectancy. There is mounting concern that the intensive patterns of care that many of these patients receive at the end of life are discordant with their values and preferences. The nephrology community has recognized that there are significant unmet palliative care needs in this population. In this article, we identify three broad areas of knowledge deficit where more evidence is needed to support the "best care possible" for this population: (1) what matters most to older adults with advanced CKD and their caregivers near the end of life; (2) how the nephrology community can best support older adults with advanced CKD to navigate complex treatment decisions throughout their illness; and (3) how the healthcare system should be reconfigured to promote patient- and family-centered care for older adults with advanced CKD...
May 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459866/psychosocial-challenges-facing-women-living-with-hiv-during-the-perinatal-period-in-rural-uganda
#13
Scholastic Ashaba, Angela Kaida, Jessica N Coleman, Bridget F Burns, Emma Dunkley, Kasey O'Neil, Jasmine Kastner, Naomi Sanyu, Cecilia Akatukwasa, David R Bangsberg, Lynn T Matthews, Christina Psaros
The complexities of navigating pregnancy while living with HIV predispose women to additional stress. Finding ways to minimize psychosocial challenges during the perinatal period may maximize the well-being of mothers living with HIV and their children. The goal of this study was to explore psychosocial challenges experienced by women living with HIV (WLWH) during pregnancy and the postpartum. We conducted individual in-depth interviews with 20 WLWH recruited from an HIV treatment cohort study in Mbarara, Uganda as part of a larger study exploring perinatal depression...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456806/navigating-through-the-jungle-of-allergens-features-and-applications-of-allergen-databases
#14
Christian Radauer
The increasing number of available data on allergenic proteins demanded the establishment of structured, freely accessible allergen databases. In this review article, features and applications of 6 of the most widely used allergen databases are discussed. The WHO/IUIS Allergen Nomenclature Database is the official resource of allergen designations. Allergome is the most comprehensive collection of data on allergens and allergen sources. AllergenOnline is aimed at providing a peer-reviewed database of allergen sequences for prediction of allergenicity of proteins, such as those planned to be inserted into genetically modified crops...
April 29, 2017: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445624/the-role-of-publicly-funded-family-planning-sites-in-health-insurance-enrollment
#15
Jennifer Yarger, Sara Daniel, M Antonia Biggs, Jan Malvin, Claire D Brindis
CONTEXT: Publicly funded family planning providers are well positioned to help uninsured individuals learn about health insurance coverage options and effectively navigate the enrollment process. Understanding how these providers are engaged in enrollment assistance and the challenges they face in providing assistance is important for maximizing their role in health insurance outreach and enrollment. METHODS: In 2014, some 684 sites participating in California's family planning program were surveyed about their involvement in helping clients enroll in health insurance...
April 26, 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445417/ins-gnss-integration-for-aerobatic-flight-applications-and-aircraft-motion-surveying
#16
Edgar L V Hinüber, Christian Reimer, Tim Schneider, Michael Stock
This paper presents field tests of challenging flight applications obtained with a new family of lightweight low-power INS/GNSS (inertial navigation system/global satellite navigation system) solutions based on MEMS (micro-electro-mechanical- sensor) machined sensors, being used for UAV (unmanned aerial vehicle) navigation and control as well as for aircraft motion dynamics analysis and trajectory surveying. One key is a 42+ state extended Kalman-filter-based powerful data fusion, which also allows the estimation and correction of parameters that are typically affected by sensor aging, especially when applying MEMS-based inertial sensors, and which is not yet deeply considered in the literature...
April 26, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442189/exploring-how-residents-who-partially-participate-in-family-planning-training-determine-their-level-of-participation
#17
Jema K Turk, Felisa Preskill, Alecia Fields, Uta Landy, Jody E Steinauer
OBJECTIVES: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) requires that obstetrics and gynecology residency programs provide access to abortion training, though residents may elect to opt out of participating due to religious or moral objections. While clinical benefits of partial participation have previously been explored, our study aimed to explore how residents navigate partial participation in abortion training and determine their limits. STUDY DESIGN: This study was qualitative in nature...
April 22, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420297/the-social-trajectory-of-brain-tumor-a-qualitative-metasynthesis
#18
Lee Cubis, Tamara Ownsworth, Mark B Pinkham, Suzanne Chambers
PURPOSE: Research indicates that strong social ties can buffer the adverse effects of chronic illness on psychological well-being. Brain tumor typically leads to serious functional impairments that affect relationships and reduce social participation. This metasynthesis aimed to identify, appraise and integrate the findings of qualitative studies that reveal the impact of brain tumor on social networks. METHODS: Four major databases (PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane Library and PsycINFO) were systematically searched from inception to September 2016 for qualitative studies that reported findings on the impact of primary brain tumor on social networks during adulthood...
April 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409625/privileged-structural-motif-detection-and-analysis-using-generative-topographic-maps
#19
Shilva Kayastha, Dragos Horvath, Erik Gilberg, Michael Gütschow, Jürgen Bajorath, Alexandre Varnek
Identification of "privileged structural motifs" associated with specific target families is of particular importance for designing novel bioactive compounds. Here, we demonstrate that they can be extracted from a data distribution represented on a two-dimensional map obtained by Generative Topographic Mapping (GTM). In GTM, structurally related molecules are grouped together on the map. Zones of the map preferentially populated by target-specific compounds were delineated, which helped to capture common substructures on the basis of which these compounds were grouped together by GTM...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402393/metcirc-navigating-mass-spectral-similarity-in-high-resolution-ms-ms-metabolomics-data
#20
Thomas Naake, Emmanuel Gaquerel
Summary: Among the main challenges in metabolomics are the rapid dereplication of previously characterized metabolites across a range of biological samples and the structural prediction of unknowns from MS/MS data. Here, we developed MetCirc to comprehensively align and calculate pairwise similarity scores among MS/MS spectral data and visualize these across a range of biological samples. MetCirc comprises functionalities to interactively organize these data according to compound familial groupings and to accelerate the discovery of shared metabolites and hypothesis formulation for unknowns...
April 11, 2017: Bioinformatics
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