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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538824/sensitivity-and-specificity-of-the-percentage-of-consonants-correct-revised-in-the-identification-of-speech-sound-disorder
#1
Tatiane Faria Barrozo, Luciana de Oliveira Pagan-Neves, Joyce Pinheiro da Silva, Haydée Fiszbein Wertzner
Purpose: The purpose of the study was to determine the sensitivity and specificity, and to establish cutoff points for the severity index Percentage of Consonants Correct - Revised (PCC-R) in Brazilian Portuguese-speaking children with and without speech sound disorders. Methods: 72 children between 5:00 and 7:11 years old - 36 children without speech and language complaints and 36 children with speech sound disorders. The PCC-R was applied to the figure naming and word imitation tasks that are part of the ABFW Child Language Test...
May 22, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538137/evidence-affirming-school-supports-for-australian-transgender-and-gender-diverse-students
#2
Tiffany Jones
Background: The United Nations (UN) and related UN bodies have recognised transgender and gender diverse (TGD) students' rights at the global level to full equitable access to education, and specifically sexuality education, repeatedly. Methods: This article explores the available support for this equal access in Australia. It discusses TGD student rights in a range of Australian laws and education policies. Results: It shows how the inclusion of TGD students, particularly in sexuality education, is reinforced in the current Australian National Curricula...
May 25, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537805/pathology-of-chronic-hypersensitivity-pneumonitis-what-is-it-what-are-the-diagnostic-criteria-why-do-we-care
#3
Andrew Churg, AnaMaria Bilawich, Joanne L Wright
CONTEXT: - Chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis (CHP) has emerged from obscurity during the past 15 years and is now recognized as a very common form of fibrosing interstitial pneumonia but one that is frequently misdiagnosed both clinically and on surgical lung biopsy as usual interstitial pneumonia/idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (UIP/IPF) or fibrotic nonspecific interstitial pneumonia. OBJECTIVE: - To review the pathologic features of CHP. DATA SOURCES: - Clinical, pathology, and radiology literature were used...
May 24, 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535262/developmental-studies-of-maize-infesting-picture-winged-flies-diptera-ulidiidae
#4
Gaurav Goyal, Gregg S Nuessly, Dakshina R Seal, Gary J Steck, John L Capinera, Kenneth J Boote
Eleven species of picture-winged flies (Diptera: Ulidiidae) attack maize (Zea mays L.) in the Americas. Field and laboratory studies were used to determine developmental times on sweet corn ears for the three most common species attacking the crop in the United States, Chaetopsis massyla (Walker), Euxesta eluta Loew, and Euxesta stigmatias Loew. Egg plus larval stage developmental times were evaluated in early Spring and late Fall 2009, and late Spring 2010, by placing newly deposited eggs in protected ears in the field...
May 23, 2017: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534552/-perforations-following-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-ercp
#5
J Mateo Retuerta, C Chaveli Díaz, A Goikoetxea Urdiain, B Sainz Villacampa, M J Sara Ongay, J J Íñigo Noain
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) associated with sphincterotomy is a useful procedure that is widely used in cases of choledocholithiasis and bile duct obstruction. In spite of being a safe test, there is a risk of complications like pancreatitis, haemorrhaging or perforation. Post-ERCP duodenal perforation is a rare event but has serious consequences if it is not treated early. The lesion mechanism, the place and extension of the perforation, as well as the clinical picture and radiographic findings will guide patient management, which must be individualised and constantly reevaluated...
April 30, 2017: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534406/relationships-between-exciton-dissociation-and-slow-recombination-within-znse-cds-and-cdse-cds-dot-in-rod-heterostructures
#6
Amanda N Grennell, James K Utterback, Orion M Pearce, Molly B Wilker, Gordana Dukovic
Type-II and quasi type-II heterostructure nanocrystals are known to exhibit extended excited-state lifetimes compared to their single material counterparts because of reduced wavefunction overlap between the electron and hole. However, due to fast and efficient hole trapping and non-uniform morphologies, the photophysics of dot-in-rod heterostructures are more rich and complex than this simple picture. Using transient absorption spectroscopy, we observe that the behavior of electrons in the CdS "rod" or "bulb" regions of non-uniform ZnSe/CdS and CdSe/CdS dot-in-rods is similar regardless of the "dot" material, which supports previous work demonstrating that hole trapping and particle morphology drive electron dynamics...
May 23, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534295/addressing-the-needs-of-preschool-children-in-the-context-of-disasters-and-terrorism-clinical-pictures-and-moderating-factors
#7
REVIEW
Daniel Hamiel, Leo Wolmer, Lee Pardo-Aviv, Nathaniel Laor
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This paper surveys the existent theoretical and research literature regarding the needs of preschool children in the context of disasters and terrorism with the aim of understanding (a) the consequences of such events for young children and (b) the main moderating variables influencing the event-consequence association to learn how to enhance their resilience. RECENT FINDINGS: Consequences include a variety of emotional, behavioral, and biological outcomes...
July 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533918/5-aminosalicylates-to-maintain-remission-in-crohn-s-disease-interpreting-conflicting-systematic-review-evidence
#8
EDITORIAL
Morris Gordon
5-Aminosalicylates are a class of anti-inflammatory agents that have been used for decades in inflammatory bowel disease. Whilst they are first line for induction and an option for maintenance of remission in ulcerative colitis, the picture in Crohn's disease is variable. For maintenance of remission, key Cochrane systematic reviews have found conflicting results between the medical and surgical induced contexts. In this piece, the possible reasons for this are considered. It is proposed that clinicians should consider 5-aminosalicylates agents an option to maintain remission post-surgery...
May 6, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533859/-a-particular-type-of-cicatricial-pemphigoid-with-unique-iga-deposit
#9
Amina Aounallah, Mariem Jrad, Mehdi Ksiaa, Sana Mokni, Wafa Saidi, Lobna Boussofara, Badreddine Sriha, Mohamed Denguezli, Najet Ghariani, Colandane Belajouza, Rafia Nouira
Cicatricial Pemphigoid is a subepithelial bullous dermatosis which essentially involves the mucous membranes with cicatricial evolution We report the case of a 66-year old patient hospitalized with erosive gingivitis associated with dysphagia, dyspnea and blurred vision. Dermatologic examination showed erosive lesions involving the palate and the pharynx. Ophthalmologic examination showed symblepharons, ectropion and bilateral cataract. Gingival biopsy revealed a necrotic detachment of the buccal epithelium...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533841/-collodion-baby-clinical-aspects-and-role-of-prenatal-diagnosis
#10
Ridha Fatnassi, Nédia Marouen, Houcem Ragmoun, Latifa Marzougui, Sabra Hammami
Collodion baby is a severe form of congenital ichthyosis detected in neonatal period. It often has a characteristic clinical picture. When evolution is not fatal; it often causes dry Ichthyosis. Thanks to molecular biology techniques, prenatal diagnosis can be made since the 10-12 weeks of amenorrhea, allowing genetic counselling. Prognosis depends on several parameters, namely the degree of the initial manifestation, the duration of desquamation, as well as underlying Ichthyosis This rewiew of the literature which aims to clarify the diagnostic aspects and therapeutic treatment as well as the role of the antenatal diagnosis is based on a new observation of a collodion baby born at 34 weeks, of a parturient woman having an index case and of infant deaths occurring in the first day of life...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533835/-primary-colonic-extranasal-nk-t-cell-lymphoma-about-a-case
#11
Salma Fares, Mouna Lamchahab, Myriem Aniba, Ghizlane Lembarki, Nadia Mousalli, Meriem Regragui, Mehdi Karkouri, Asmaa Quessar
To better understand this cancer, we here report the case of a 43-year old patient diagnosed with localized and isolated primary colonic NK/T-cell lymphoma without associated enteropathy, treated wih 3 cycles of AspaMetDex with a poor response who died during treatment with a clinical picture of acute abdomen. Primary intestinal NK/T-cell lymphoma most commonly affects the young subject with poor prognosis. It is difficult to distinguish between intestinal NK/T-cell lymphoma and inflammatory or infectious intestinal disorders because of its non-specific clinical and endoscopic features...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533795/a-kasp-genotyping-method-to-identify-northern-watermilfoil-eurasian-watermilfoil-and-their-interspecific-hybrids
#12
Eric L Patterson, Margaret B Fleming, Kallie C Kessler, Scott J Nissen, Todd A Gaines
The invasive aquatic plant Eurasian watermilfoil (Myriophyllum spicatum L.) can hybridize with the related North American native species northern watermilfoil (M. sibiricum Kom.). Hybrid watermilfoil (M. spicatum × M. sibiricum) populations have higher fitness and reduced sensitivity to some commonly used aquatic herbicides, making management more difficult. There is growing concern that management practices using herbicides in lakes with mixed populations of watermilfoil species may further select for hybrid individuals due to the difference in herbicide sensitivity...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533787/genome-wide-analysis-of-gene-expression-provides-new-insights-into-cold-responses-in-thellungiella-salsuginea
#13
Jiangshan Wang, Quan Zhang, Feng Cui, Lei Hou, Shuzhen Zhao, Han Xia, Jingjing Qiu, Tingting Li, Ye Zhang, Xingjun Wang, Chuanzhi Zhao
Low temperature is one of the major environmental stresses that affects plant growth and development, and leads to decrease in crop yield and quality. Thellungiella salsuginea (salt cress) exhibits high tolerance to chilling, is an appropriate model to investigate the molecular mechanisms of cold tolerance. Here, we compared transcription changes in the roots and leaves of T. salsuginea under cold stress using RNA-seq. We identified 2,782 and 1,430 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in leaves and roots upon cold treatment, respectively...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533506/the-correlation-theory-of-the-chemical-bond
#14
Szilárd Szalay, Gergely Barcza, Tibor Szilvási, Libor Veis, Örs Legeza
The quantum mechanical description of the chemical bond is generally given in terms of delocalized bonding orbitals, or, alternatively, in terms of correlations of occupations of localised orbitals. However, in the latter case, multiorbital correlations were treated only in terms of two-orbital correlations, although the structure of multiorbital correlations is far richer; and, in the case of bonds established by more than two electrons, multiorbital correlations represent a more natural point of view. Here, for the first time, we introduce the true multiorbital correlation theory, consisting of a framework for handling the structure of multiorbital correlations, a toolbox of true multiorbital correlation measures, and the formulation of the multiorbital correlation clustering, together with an algorithm for obtaining that...
May 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533406/spatiotemporal-dynamics-of-word-retrieval-in-speech-production-revealed-by-cortical-high-frequency-band-activity
#15
Stephanie K Riès, Rummit K Dhillon, Alex Clarke, David King-Stephens, Kenneth D Laxer, Peter B Weber, Rachel A Kuperman, Kurtis I Auguste, Peter Brunner, Gerwin Schalk, Jack J Lin, Josef Parvizi, Nathan E Crone, Nina F Dronkers, Robert T Knight
Word retrieval is core to language production and relies on complementary processes: the rapid activation of lexical and conceptual representations and word selection, which chooses the correct word among semantically related competitors. Lexical and conceptual activation is measured by semantic priming. In contrast, word selection is indexed by semantic interference and is hampered in semantically homogeneous (HOM) contexts. We examined the spatiotemporal dynamics of these complementary processes in a picture naming task with blocks of semantically heterogeneous (HET) or HOM stimuli...
May 22, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533367/data-driven-modeling-reveals-cell-behaviors-controlling-self-organization-during-myxococcus-xanthus-development
#16
Christopher R Cotter, Heinz-Bernd Schüttler, Oleg A Igoshin, Lawrence J Shimkets
Collective cell movement is critical to the emergent properties of many multicellular systems, including microbial self-organization in biofilms, embryogenesis, wound healing, and cancer metastasis. However, even the best-studied systems lack a complete picture of how diverse physical and chemical cues act upon individual cells to ensure coordinated multicellular behavior. Known for its social developmental cycle, the bacterium Myxococcus xanthus uses coordinated movement to generate three-dimensional aggregates called fruiting bodies...
May 22, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532524/is-maternal-periconceptional-smoking-associated-with-2d-4d-digit-ratio-in-their-children
#17
M P Velez, T E Arbuckle, P Monnier, W D Fraser
The 2nd--4th finger ratio (2D:4D) has been proposed as a potential indicator of greater androgen exposure during fetal development. Maternal periconceptional smoking may alter the homeostasis of fetal androgens, which could in turn result in differential development of 2D:4Ds in utero. The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of maternal periconceptional smoking (i.e. 1 year before through the first trimester of pregnancy) on the 2D:4D of children within The Maternal-Infant Research on Environmental Chemicals (MIREC) study...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532506/clinical-evaluation-of-myocardial-involvement-in-acute-myopericarditis-in-young-adults
#18
Ersin Saricam, Yasemin Saglam, Tuncay Hazirolan
BACKGROUND: Myocardial involvement in young adults has various causes. Acute myopericarditis is one of the myocardial involvements in young adults. It is easy to confuse with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction because of the electrocardiographic features. This study aims to investigate a number of imaging techniques and clinical features for acute myopericarditis in young adults (<30 years of age). METHODS: This retrospective study included 147 patients selected from the 2147 patients at the age of <30 with acute chest pain admitted into emergency service between 2010 and 2016...
May 22, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532348/perceptual-learning-use-dependent-cortical-plasticity
#19
Wu Li
Our perceptual abilities significantly improve with practice. This phenomenon, known as perceptual learning, offers an ideal window for understanding use-dependent changes in the adult brain. Different experimental approaches have revealed a diversity of behavioral and cortical changes associated with perceptual learning, and different interpretations have been given with respect to the cortical loci and neural processes responsible for the learning. Accumulated evidence has begun to put together a coherent picture of the neural substrates underlying perceptual learning...
October 14, 2016: Annual Review of Vision Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532283/the-feasibility-of-an-automated-eye-tracking-modified-fagan-test-of-memory-for-human-faces-in-younger-ugandan-hiv-exposed-children
#20
Ronak Chhaya, Jonathan Weiss, Victoria Seffren, Alla Sikorskii, Paula M Winke, Julius C Ojuka, Michael J Boivin
OBJECTIVE: The Fagan Test of Infant Intelligence (FTII) uses longer gaze length for unfamiliar versus familiar human faces to gauge visual-spatial encoding, attention, and working memory in infants. Our objective was to establish the feasibility of automated eye tracking with the FTII in HIV-exposed Ugandan infants. METHOD: The FTII was administered to 31 perinatally HIV-exposed noninfected (HEU) Ugandan children 6-12 months of age (11 boys; M = 0.69 years, SD = 0...
May 22, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
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