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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769581/a-grazing-gomphotherium-in-middle-miocene-central-asia-10-million-years-prior-to-the-origin-of-the-elephantidae
#1
Yan Wu, Tao Deng, Yaowu Hu, Jiao Ma, Xinying Zhou, Limi Mao, Hanwen Zhang, Jie Ye, Shi-Qi Wang
Feeding preference of fossil herbivorous mammals, concerning the coevolution of mammalian and floral ecosystems, has become of key research interest. In this paper, phytoliths in dental calculus from two gomphotheriid proboscideans of the middle Miocene Junggar Basin, Central Asia, have been identified, suggesting that Gomphotherium connexum was a mixed feeder, while the phytoliths from G. steinheimense indicates grazing preference. This is the earliest-known proboscidean with a predominantly grazing habit...
May 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764414/patient-awareness-knowledge-towards-oral-cancer-a-cross-sectional-survey
#2
Neel Shimpi, Monica Jethwani, Aditi Bharatkumar, Po-Huang Chyou, Ingrid Glurich, Amit Acharya
BACKGROUND: Oral cancer (OC) is associated with multiple risk factors and high mortality rates and substantially contributes to the global cancer burden despite being highly preventable. This cross-sectional study sought to assess current knowledge, awareness, and behaviors of patients in rural communities surrounding OC risk. METHODS: An anonymous 21-question survey was distributed to patients in waiting rooms of a large integrated medical-dental health system serving north-central Wisconsin...
May 15, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755930/parents-attitudes-towards-topical-fluoride-and-vaccines-for-children-are-these-distinct-or-overlapping-phenomena
#3
Richard M Carpiano, Donald L Chi
Despite attention paid to parental refusal of child vaccines, the phenomenon of topical fluoride refusal is poorly understood. We examine the extent to which parent attitudes and Internet use regarding topical fluoride treatment and vaccines may overlap and, in turn, uniquely or distinctly correlate with fluoride and vaccine refusal for the child. In 2017, we analyzed data collected from 2011 to 12 for 361 children from three Washington state dental clinics. The instrument included analogous measures of topical fluoride and vaccine safety concerns, perceived severity of preventable cavities/disease, and Internet use for fluoride/vaccine information; and measures of non-fluoridated toothpaste use, attitudes towards dental x-rays and amalgam and composite fillings...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750622/development-of-the-turkish-version-of-the-index-of-dental-anxiety-and-fear-idaf-4c-dental-anxiety-and-concomitant-factors-in-pediatric-dental-patients
#4
B Buldur, J M Armfield
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop the Turkish version of the Index of Dental Anxiety and Fear (IDAF-4C+ ) and also to explore factors associated with dental anxiety in clinical pediatric dental patients (PDPs). STUDY DESIGN: The study sample consisted of 421 PDPs aged 12-14, 104 of whom were selected for test-retest analysis. The psychometric evaluation included linguistic validity, exploratory factor analysis, reliability by internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha) and test-retest reliability (intra-class correlation coefficient, ICC)...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750619/a-study-of-the-relationship-of-parenting-styles-child-temperament-and-operatory-behavior-in-healthy-children
#5
Amanda K Tsoi, Stephen Wilson, S Thikkurissy
AIM: The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship of the child's temperament, parenting styles, and parents' prediction of their child's behavior in the dental setting. STUDY DESIGN: Subjects were healthy children 4-12 years of age attending a dental clinic. A Parenting Styles and Dimensions Questionnaire (PSDQ) was given to parents to determine their parenting style. Parents completed the Emotionality, Activity, Sociability Temperament (EAS) survey to measure their child's temperament...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750232/in-vitro-evaluation-of-bond-strength-of-four-self-etching-cements
#6
Julio Chávez-Lozada, Carmen Urquía-Morales
Indirect restorations need to be attached with adhesive luting agents to prevent them from becoming dislodged and provide adequate marginal sealing. The aim of this study was to evaluate bond strength to dentin of self-etching resin cements. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 75 flat dentin surfaces were randomly distributed among 5 groups, according to cements used; Group 1: RelyxU100 (3M/ESPE), Group 2: Bis Cem (Bisco), Group 3: Max Cem (Kerr), Group 4: SeT PP (SDI) and Group 5: Relyx ARC (3M/ESPE), control...
December 2017: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749302/integrated-accountable-care-for-medicaid-expansion-enrollees-a-comparative-evaluation-of-hennepin-health
#7
Katherine D Vickery, Nathan D Shippee, Jeremiah Menk, Ross Owen, David M Vock, Peter Bodurtha, Dana Soderlund, Rodney A Hayward, Matthew M Davis, John Connett, Mark Linzer
Hennepin Health, a Medicaid accountable care organization, began serving early expansion enrollees (very low-income childless adults) in 2012. It uses an integrated care model to address social and behavioral needs. We compared health care utilization in Hennepin Health with other Medicaid managed care in the same area from 2012 to 2014, controlling for demographics, chronic conditions, and enrollment patterns. Homelessness and substance use were higher in Hennepin Health. Overall adjusted results showed Hennepin Health had 52% more emergency department visits and 11% more primary care visits than comparators...
May 1, 2018: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747519/knowledge-of-health-conditions-associated-with-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake-is-low-among-us-hispanic-adults
#8
Sohyun Park, Guadalupe X Ayala, Joseph R Sharkey, Heidi M Blanck
PURPOSE: To examine associations between knowledge of health conditions and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake among Hispanic adults. DESIGN: Quantitative, cross-sectional study. SETTING: The 2015 Estilos survey data. PARTICIPANTS: One thousand US Hispanic adults (≥18 years). MEASURES: The outcome variable was frequency of SSB intake (regular soda, fruit drink, sports/energy drink, and sweetened coffee/tea drink)...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747047/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-orthodontist-based-brief-advice-to-prevent-child-obesity
#9
Melbourne F Hovell, Katharine E Schmitz, Sandy Liles, Kristi Robusto, C Richard Hofstetter, Jeanne F Nichols, Cheryl L Rock, Veronica Irvin, Melanie S Parker, Santiago A Surillo, David Noel
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a randomized controlled trial to test whether brief exercise and diet advice provided during child patient visits to their orthodontic office could improve diet, physical activity, and age-and-gender-adjusted BMI. METHODS: We enrolled orthodontic offices in Southern California and Tijuana, Mexico, and recruited their patients aged 8-16 to participate in a two-year study. At each office visit, staff provided the children with "prescriptions" for improving diet and exercise behaviors...
May 7, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744430/preparation-of-chitin-pla-laminated-composite-for-implantable-application
#10
Romana Nasrin, Shanta Biswas, Taslim Ur Rashid, Sanjida Afrin, Rumana Akhter Jahan, Papia Haque, Mohammed Mizanur Rahman
The present study explores the possibilities of using locally available inexpensive waste prawn shell derived chitin reinforced and bioabsorbable polylactic acid (PLA) laminated composites to develop new materials with excellent mechanical and thermal properties for implantable application such as in bone or dental implant. Chitin at different concentration (1-20% of PLA) reinforced PLA films (CTP) were fabricated by solvent casting process and laminated chitin-PLA composites (LCTP) were prepared by laminating PLA film (obtained by hot press method) with CTP also by hot press method at 160 °C...
December 2017: Bioactive Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741116/possible-sleep-bruxism-circadian-preference-and-sleep-related-characteristics-and-behaviors-among-dental-students
#11
Sara Oliveira Aguiar, Ivana Meyer Prado, Karen Simon Rezende Silveira, Lucas Guimarães Abreu, Sheyla Márcia Auad, Saul Martins Paiva, Júnia Maria Cheib Serra-Negra
OBJECTIVE: To assess sleep bruxism prevalence and its association with circadian preference and sleep-related characteristics among dental students. METHODS: Dental students of the Federal University of Minas Gerais participated in this cross-sectional study. Participants answered a scale assessing individuals' circadian preference, and a questionnaire regarding sleep-related characteristics and behaviors, history of muscle ache in the temporomandibular area, and history of bruxism...
May 9, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739846/childhood-obesity-dental-hygienists-beliefs-attitudes-and-barriers-to-patient-education
#12
Doreen Dawn M Cole, Linda D Boyd, Jared Vineyard, Lori J Giblin-Scanlon
Purpose: Increasing childhood obesity rates present a significant threat to public health. The purpose of this study was to explore dental hygienists' (DH) beliefs, attitudes, knowledge, current practices, and barriers for assessing and educating patients about childhood obesity. Methods: A random sample of DHs (n=13,357) was selected and emailed a link to the validated survey. Of the 1046 respondents who accessed the survey, 919 completed the survey for a completion rate of 89%. Results: A majority of the respondents understood the risk of chronic disease and obesity (99%), role sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) play as added sugar content in the diet (76%), and the amount of SSBs consumed by youth (91%)...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738636/executive-function-as-a-risk-factor-for-incisor-trauma
#13
Jillian M Nyquist, Ceib Phillips, Margot Stein, Lorne D Koroluk
BACKGROUND/AIM: Executive function is the ability to guide behavior to achieve goals or complete tasks. This study explored the relationship between executive function, as assessed by the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function Parent Form Questionnaire (BRIEF® ) and incisor trauma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study included children in the mixed dentition with recent incisor trauma (n=28) and a control group (n=30) without recent incisor trauma. Subjects' parents completed the BRIEF® , while a clinical examination assessed subjects' occlusal relationships...
May 8, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734617/blood-mercury-lead-and-cadmium-levels-and-determinants-of-exposure-among-newcomer-south-and-east-asian-women-of-reproductive-age-living-in-vancouver-canada
#14
Linda Dix-Cooper, Tom Kosatsky
BACKGROUND: Biomarkers of the reproductive and neuro-developmental toxicants mercury (Hg), lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) have been found at higher concentrations in women born outside Canada than in Canadian-born women. We measured blood Hg, Pb and Cd in women ages 19 to 45years living in greater Vancouver (Canada) within five years of their arrival from South Asia (India) or East Asia (mainland China, Hong Kong and Taiwan) and related their biomarker concentration levels with exposures and behaviors since their coming to Canada...
April 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732024/does-the-length-of-dental-procedure-influence-children-s-behavior-during-and-after-treatment-a-systematic-review-and-critical-appraisal
#15
REVIEW
Zahra Jamali, Ebrahim Najafpour, Ziya Ebrahim Adhami, Alireza Sighari Deljavan, Naser Asl Aminabadi, Sajjad Shirazi
The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the effect of treatment duration on children's behavior and/or anxiety in the dental setting. To this end, a systematic search was conducted in Pubmed/Medline and Scopus from 1970 to march 2017 for English language articles that assessed the relationship between dental treatment duration or length, and fear/anxiety or behavior in children aged <12 with no confounding medical and/or psychological history and neuro-psychiatric disabilities. Four studies investigating the effect of treatment duration on children's behavior during and/or after treatment were included...
2018: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731777/the-hypoxia-mimetic-agent-cobalt-chloride-differently-affects-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-their-chondrogenic-potential
#16
Gabriella Teti, Stefano Focaroli, Viviana Salvatore, Eleonora Mazzotti, Laura Ingra', Antonio Mazzotti, Mirella Falconi
Adult stem cells are a promising cell source for cartilage regeneration. They resided in a special microenvironment known as the stem-cell niche, characterized by the presence of low oxygen concentration. Cobalt chloride (CoCl2 ) imitates hypoxia in vitro by stabilizing hypoxia-inducible factor-alpha (HIF-1 α ), which is the master regulator in the cellular adaptive response to hypoxia. In this study, the influence of CoCl2 on the chondrogenic potential of human MSCs, isolated from dental pulp, umbilical cord, and adipose tissue, was investigated...
2018: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726734/preparation-and-characterization-of-titanium-segmented-polyurethane-composites-for-bone-tissue-engineering
#17
Fernando Javier Aguilar-Perez, Rossana Vargas-Coronado, Jose Manuel Cervantes-Uc, Juan Valerio Cauich-Rodriguez, Raul Rosales-Ibañez, Juan Jose Pavon-Palacio, Yadir Torres-Hernandez, Jose Antonio Rodriguez-Ortiz
Segmented polyurethanes were prepared with polycaprolactone diol as soft segment and 4,4-methylene-bis cyclohexyl diisocyanate and l-glutamine as the rigid segment. These polyurethanes were filled with 1 wt.% to 5 wt.% titanium particles (Ti), physicochemically characterized and their biocompatibility assessed using human dental pulp stem cells and mice osteoblasts. Physicochemical characterization showed that composites retained the properties of the semicrystalline polyurethane as they exhibited a glass transition temperature (Tg ) between -35°C and -45°C, melting temperature (Tm ) at 52°C and crystallinity close to 40% as determined by differential scanning calorimetry...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726042/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-the-use-of-dental-care-services-during-early-childhood-an-epidemiological-survey
#18
João Gabriel Silva Souza, Aline Araújo Sampaio, Bárbara Emanoelle Costa Oliveira, Kimberly Marie Jones, Andréa Maria Eleutério De Barros Lima Martins
BACKGROUND: The use of dental care services contributes to the improvement of children's healthy behaviors, reducing the prevalence of future dental problems. In this way, the purpose of this study was to describe the use of dental care service during early childhood and the possible socioeconomic inequalities in this use. DESIGN: Data from the Brazilian Oral Health Survey (SB Brasil, 2010) were used. Interviews with the children's parents and clinical examinations with the children were conducted in a 5-year-old representative sample...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725853/effect-of-implant-macrogeometry-on-peri-implant-healing-outcomes-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Luiz Carlos do Carmo Filho, Fernanda Faot, Marina de Matos Madruga, Raissa Micaella Marcello-Machado, Dimorvan Bordin, Altair Antoninha Del Bel Cury
OBJECTIVES: This randomized split-mouth clinical trial investigated the influence of implant macrogeometry on bone properties and peri-implant health parameters during the healing process. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ninety-nine implants were placed bilaterally in posterior mandibles of 23 patients that received at least four dental implant macrogeometries: standard geometry, Integra (IN) and three geometries inducing "healing chamber": Duo (D), Compact (C), and Infra (IF)...
May 3, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723334/a-multicenter-study-of-oral-health-behavior-among-adult-subjects-from-three-south-american-cities
#20
Mariel Viviana Gómez, Andrés Toledo, Paola Carvajal, Sabrina Carvalho Gomes, Ricardo Santos Araújo Costa, Fernando Solanes, Rui Vicente Oppermann, Cassiano Kuchenbecker Rösing, Jorge Gamonal, Hugo Romanelli
The aims of this study were to describe the self-reported oral hygiene habits, dental visit frequency, and gingival bleeding perception in adult populations from three South American cities, and also to assess the association of these variables with sociodemographic data and with the clinical presence of plaque and gingival inflammation. Five-hundred and fifty adult subjects from each city (Porto Alegre, Brazil; Tucumán, Argentina; Santiago, Chile) received full mouth examinations to determine visible plaque and gingival index...
2018: Brazilian Oral Research
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