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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549523/-anesthetic-management-of-a-patient-with-15q-tetrasomy-for-dental-treatment
#1
Yuri Hase, Nobuhito Kemekura, Yukie Nitta, Toshiaki Fujisawa
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: 15q tetrasomy is a chromosomal abnormality that is a part of the heterogeneous group of extra structurally abnormal chromosomes. This syndrome is characterized by epilepsy, central hypotonia, developmental delay and intellectual disability, and autistic behavior. This is the first report of the anesthetic management of a patient with this syndrome. CASE REPORT: We administered general anesthesia for dental treatment in a patient with 15q tetrasomy...
May 23, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544064/obesity-is-inversely-related-to-the-risks-of-dental-caries-in-korean-adults
#2
In-Seok Song, Kyungdo Han, Jae-Jun Ryu, Jun-Beom Park
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether obesity is linked with dental caries. The present study hypothesized that obesity may influence the number or prevalence of dental caries in Korean adults. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Data was derived from Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey performed at 2008-2010. Lifestyle, sociodemographic, and biochemical variables were analyzed. Indices related with obesity, sarcopenia, and metabolic syndrome were investigated...
May 20, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542710/behavioral-inferences-from-the-high-levels-of-dental-chipping-in-homo-naledi
#3
Ian Towle, Joel D Irish, Isabelle De Groote
OBJECTIVES: A variety of mechanical processes can result in antemortem dental chipping. In this study, chipping data in the teeth of Homo naledi are compared with those of other pertinent dental samples to give insight into their etiology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Permanent teeth with complete crowns evidencing occlusal wear were examined macroscopically. The location, number, and severity of fractures were recorded and compared to those found in samples of two other South African fossil hominin species and in samples of nonhuman primates (n = 3) and recent humans (n = 7)...
May 24, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537369/dental-problems-and-familismo-social-network-discussion-of-oral-health-issues-among-adults-of-mexican-origin-living-in-the-midwest-united-states
#4
G Maupome, W R McConnell, B L Perry
Objective: To examine the influence of collectivist orientation (often called familismo when applied to the Latino sub-group in the United States) in oral health discussion networks. Basic Research Design: Through respondent-driven sampling and face-to-face interviews, we identified respondents' (egos) personal social network members (alters). Egos stated whom they talked with about oral health, and how often they discussed dental problems in the preceding 12 months...
December 2016: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537360/patient-characteristics-in-relation-to-dental-care-payment-model-capitation-vs-fee-for-service
#5
M Hakeberg, U Wide Boman
Objective: To analyse patient profiles in two payment models, the capitation (DCH) and the fee-for-service (FFS) systems, in relation to socioeconomic status, self-reported health and health behavior, as well as patient attitudes to and satisfaction with the DCH model in the Public Dental Service (PDS) in Sweden. Research design and participants: The present survey included a random national sample of the adult population in Sweden. A telemarketing company, TNS SIFO, was responsible for the sample selection and telephone interviews conducted in May 2013...
December 2016: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532895/motivational-interviewing-to-promote-oral-health-in-adolescents
#6
Lingli Wu, Xiaoli Gao, Edward C M Lo, Samuel M Y Ho, Colman McGrath, May C M Wong
PURPOSE: Motivational interviewing (MI) is a counseling strategy to help people change their behaviors. This single-blinded randomized controlled trial evaluated the effectiveness of MI in improving adolescents' oral health. METHODS: Fifteen secondary schools were randomly assigned to three groups: (I) prevailing health education, (II) MI, and (III) MI coupled with interactive dental caries risk assessment (MI + RA). Adolescents (n = 512) with unfavorable oral health behaviors (infrequent toothbrushing and/or frequent snacking) were recruited; 161, 163, and 188 in groups I-III, respectively...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526003/the-basic-research-factors-questionnaire-for-studying-early-childhood-caries
#7
Judith Albino, Tamanna Tiwari, Stuart A Gansky, Michelle M Henshaw, Judith C Barker, Angela G Brega, Steven E Gregorich, Brenda Heaton, Terrence S Batliner, Belinda Borrelli, Paul Geltman, Nancy R Kressin, Jane A Weintraub, Tracy L Finlayson, Raul I Garcia
BACKGROUND: We describe development of the Early Childhood Caries (ECC) Basic Research Factors Questionnaire (BRFQ), a battery of measures assessing common potential predictors, mediators, and moderators of ECC. Individual-, family-, and community-level factors that are linked to oral health outcomes across at-risk populations are included. Developing standard measures of factors implicated in ECC has the potential to enhance our ability to understand mechanisms underlying successful prevention and to develop more effective interventions...
May 19, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525993/translation-and-validation-of-the-finnish-version-of-index-of-dental-anxiety-and-fear-idaf-4c-%C3%A2-among-dental-students
#8
Mimmi Tolvanen, Katri Puijola, Jason M Armfield, Satu Lahti
BACKGROUND: Dental fear accounts for 41% of the non-habitual dental attendance such as visiting only when in pain among adult Finns. Dentists should be able to recognize patients in risk for irregular attendance due to dental fear and measure their fear with valid and reliable instrument that capture the multidimensionality of dental fear. The study's aim was to translate the Index of Dental Anxiety and Fear (IDAF-4C+) into Finnish and test its reliability and validity. METHODS: The study population consisted of dental students in a Finnish university (n = 202)...
May 19, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516127/a-pilot-study-for-linking-adolescent-patients-to-an-interactive-tobacco-prevention-program
#9
Karen S Calabro, Salma K Marani, Thuan A Le, Georges E Khalil, Irene M Tami-Maury, Alexander V Prokhorov
CONTEXT: The American Academy of Pediatrics and professional guidelines recommend intervening with adolescents about avoiding tobacco use in the health-care setting. Barriers in the clinical setting limit consistent provision of this critical service. OBJECTIVES: This pilot study compared 2 approaches for referring adolescents to an evidence-based tobacco prevention and cessation program in the outpatient setting. Secondary aims assessed tobacco use, knowledge, and program evaluation...
January 2017: Health Services Research and Managerial Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515439/the-biomechanics-behind-extreme-osteophagy-in-tyrannosaurus-rex
#10
Paul M Gignac, Gregory M Erickson
Most carnivorous mammals can pulverize skeletal elements by generating tooth pressures between occluding teeth that exceed cortical bone shear strength, thereby permitting access to marrow and phosphatic salts. Conversely, carnivorous reptiles have non-occluding dentitions that engender negligible bone damage during feeding. As a result, most reptilian predators can only consume bones in their entirety. Nevertheless, North American tyrannosaurids, including the giant (13 metres [m]) theropod dinosaur Tyrannosaurus rex stand out for habitually biting deeply into bones, pulverizing and digesting them...
May 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509514/lay-public-s-use-of-a-support-group-for-general-dental-problems
#11
K K Walker, R D Jackson
OBJECTIVE: To categorize and tabulate layperson inquiries made to an Internet dental health support site to identify oral conditions and associated behaviors of concern. METHODS: A retrospective tabulation of wall postings was made from an established dental health support website hosted by WebMD over a 2-year period (April 2013-April 2015). A mixed method approach of content and thematic analysis was used. Content analysis identified content of oral health concerns, while thematic analysis using grounded theory identified themes and beliefs concerning associated behaviors...
September 2016: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508609/oral-health-in-children-with-obesity-or-diabetes-mellitus
#12
Fima Lifshitz, Patricia Lucia Casavalle, Noemí Bordoni, Patricia Noemi Rodriguez, Silvia Maria Friedman
Oral health status must be considered in the care of children with obesity (OB) and diabetes mellitus (DM). The health of these patients' mouths may have significant effects on their overall health and evolution of their disease. Here we address periodontal disease (PD) and dental caries (DC), since these are two of the most common chronic diseases affecting OB and DM patients. OB plays a plausible role in the development of PD. Both overall OB and central adiposity are associated with increased hazards of gingivitis and its progression to PD...
December 2016: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504861/the-efficacy-of-benzodiazepines-as-acute-anxiolytics-in-children-a-meta-analysis
#13
Heide Kuang, Jessica A Johnson, Jilian M Mulqueen, Michael H Bloch
OBJECTIVE: Current practice guidelines do not recommend benzodiazepines for acute management of anxiety disorders in pediatric patients. However, in procedural settings, benzodiazepines are commonly used to relieve acute preprocedural stress. This meta-analysis examines the efficacy and tolerability of benzodiazepines as short-term anxiolytics in children. METHOD: PubMed was searched for randomized controlled trials assessing the efficacy of benzodiazepines as short-term anxiolytics in pediatric patients...
May 15, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501067/in-defense-of-flossing-can-we-agree-it-s-premature-to-claim-flossing-is-ineffective-to-prevent-dental-caries
#14
EDITORIAL
Lance T Vernon, Jason D Seacat
Current evidence pertaining to the effectiveness of flossing and caries prevention is potentially being misinterpreted by health oversight bodies, which may have significant implications for current and future public flossing guidelines. We identify and discuss several methodological deficiencies, including the lack of validated measures of flossing skill, over-reliance on self-reported flossing behavior, and the lack of current guidelines on how to interpret and apply evidence-based findings to specific clinical scenarios that are present in the studies of flossing effectiveness included in the Cochrane Review...
June 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501061/limited-evidence-shows-that-a-motivational-interviewing-approach-may-be-the-most-effective-behavioral-intervention-for-reducing-dental-caries-in-children
#15
Tracy L Finlayson
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: Preventing childhood caries: a review of recent behavioral research. Albino J, Tiwari T. J Dent Res 2016;95(1):35-42. SOURCE OF FUNDING: Government. NIDCR grants U54DE019259 and 1K99DE024758-01A1. TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Literature review.
June 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499606/finite-element-analysis-of-stress-extent-at-peri-implant-bone-surrounding-external-hexagon-or-morse-taper-implants
#16
J P Macedo, J Pereira, J Faria, C A Pereira, J L Alves, B Henriques, J C M Souza, J López-López
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the distribution of stresses and consequent bone volume affected surrounding external hexagon or Morse taper dental implant systems by finite element analysis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two different dental implant-abutment designs were assessed: external hexagon or Morse taper joints. A mandibular bone model obtained from a computed tomography scan was used. The implant-abutment systems were axially or obliquely (45°) loaded on 150 N relatively to the central axis of the implant...
July 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497901/risk-factors-of-periodontal-disease-in-vietnamese-patients
#17
Thuy A V Pham, Thoai Q Kieu, Lan T Q Ngo
AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the association of periodontitis with dental and smoking behaviors, self-perception of oral status, dental knowledge, and obesity in Vietnamese patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 367 adults who first visited the Faculty of Odonto-Stomatology, University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Information on demographic characteristics, dental and smoking behaviors, self-perception of oral status, dental knowledge, and nutritional status was investigated by a self-administered questionnaire...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495343/multimedia-patient-education-to-assist-oral-impression-taking-during-dental-treatment-a-pilot-study
#18
Dandan Pei, Beilei Liang, Wenzhi Du, Peng Wang, Jie Liu, Min He, Yi Lu
INTRODUCTION: Proper cooperation between patient and dentist is of great help to make a good oral impression. However, patients are frequently confused when information is given through traditional verbal description. The present study compared the effectiveness of the multimedia information delivery ways with the traditional verbal manner on patients' understanding level in oral impression taking. METHODS: The recruited 191 participating patients were randomly assigned to the control group (the verbal group) and two intervention groups (the video group and the picture group) according to the information delivery manner...
June 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494407/streptococcus-mutans-membrane-lipid-composition-virulence-factors-and-structural-parameters
#19
M A Bojanich, R O Calderón
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present work was to analyze whether the location of the dental biofilm was associated with shifts in the membrane fatty acid profile, and whether such shifts could affect certain virulence factors of strains of Streptococcus mutans. DESIGN: An experimental study was conducted to assess the behavior of S. mutans strains isolated from dental biofilm collected from sound and carious smooth and occlusal surfaces of the oral cavity of children...
April 21, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492195/evaluation-of-nitrous-oxide-oxygen-and-triclofos-sodium-as-conscious-sedative-agents
#20
Priya Subramaniam, K L Girish Babu, Disha Lakhotia
BACKGROUND: Conscious sedation is used in the pediatric dentistry to reduce fear and anxiety in children and promote favorable treatment outcomes. To achieve them, the primary clinical need is for a well-tolerated, effective, and expedient analgesic and sedative agent that is safe to use. AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of nitrous oxide-oxygen and triclofos sodium as conscious sedative agents in 5-10-year-old children. METHODOLOGY: Sixty children aged 5-10 years showing anxious, uncooperative, and apprehensive behavior were randomly divided and assigned into two groups (Groups A and B) such that Group A received 40% nitrous oxide-60% oxygen and Group B received triclofos sodium in the dose of 70 mg/kg body weight, given 30 min before the treatment procedure...
April 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
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