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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154798/non-pharmacological-interventions-for-reducing-mental-distress-in-patients-undergoing-dental-procedures-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Sophia Burghardt, Susan Koranyi, Gabriel Magnucki, Bernhard Strauss, Jenny Rosendahl
OBJECTIVES: This meta-analysis investigates the efficacy of non-pharmacological interventions in adults undergoing dental procedures under regional or general anesthesia compared to standard care alone or an attention control group on the reduction of mental distress, pain, and analgesic use. DATA SOURCES: To identify relevant papers a comprehensive literature search was carried out in MEDLINE, CENTRAL, Web of Science, and PsycINFO (last search August, 2017). Additionally, lists of references of relevant articles and previous reviews were checked...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150644/therapeutic-effects-of-hepatocyte-growth-factor-overexpressing-dental-pulp-stem-cells-on-liver-cirrhosis-in-a-rat-model
#2
Xiao-Fang Cao, Shi-Zhu Jin, Liang Sun, Yuan-Bo Zhan, Feng Lin, Ying Li, Ying-Lian Zhou, Xiu-Mei Wang, Li Gao, Bin Zhang
Cirrhosis is the terminal stage of hepatic diseases and is prone to develop into hepatocyte carcinoma. Increasing evidence suggests that the transplantation of dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) may promote recovery from cirrhosis, but the key regulatory mechanisms involved remain to be determined. In this study, we overexpressed human hepatocyte growth factor (hHGF) in primary rat DPSCs and evaluated the effects of HGF overexpression on the biological behaviors and therapeutic efficacy of grafted DPSCs in cirrhosis...
November 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149082/the-biological-properties-of-ogi-surfaces-positively-act-on-osteogenic-and-angiogenic-commitment-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#3
Paolo Ghensi, Eriberto Bressan, Chiara Gardin, Letizia Ferroni, Maria Costanza Soldini, Federico Mandelli, Claudio Soldini, Barbara Zavan
Osteogenesis process displays a fundamental role during dental implant osteointegration. In the present work, we studied the influence of Osteon Growth Induction (OGI) surface properties on the angiogenic and osteogenic behaviors of Mesenchymal Stem cells (MSC). MSC derived from dental pulp and HUVEC (Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells) were grown in on OGI titanium surfaces, and cell proliferation and DNA synthesis were evaluated by MTT [3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide] test and DNA quantification...
November 17, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146212/the-current-environmental-levels-of-endocrine-disruptors-mercury-cadmium-organochlorine-pesticides-and-pcbs-in-a-belgian-adult-population-and-their-predictors-of-exposure
#4
Catherine Pirard, Stephanie Compere, Katty Firquet, Corinne Charlier
A human biomonitoring study was carried out measuring the levels of endocrine disruptors in 252 participants (18-76 years old) recruited between February and May 2015 from the general population of Liege Province (Belgium). In this study, we reported the recent levels of cadmium and mercury in urine, some organochlorine pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in serum, and their relations to demographic characteristics, lifestyle behaviors and dietary habits. The median urinary levels of mercury and cadmium were 0...
October 31, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144892/preventable-tooth-loss-in-hawai-i-the-role-of-socioeconomic-status-diabetes-and-dental-visits
#5
Mikako Deguchi, Marjorie K Leimomi Mala Mau, James Davis, Richard Niederman
INTRODUCTION: Tooth preservation in adults and children is one of the Healthy People 2020 goals for oral health. Although the overall prevalence of tooth loss has been declining in the United States, substantial racial/ethnic differences in preventable tooth loss persist as a public health problem. We examined the strength of the association of health risk factors and tooth loss in Hawai'i. METHODS: We used data from the Hawai'i Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System survey collected from 2011 through 2014...
November 16, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142865/osteosarcoma-of-the-jaws-in-koreans-analysis-of-26-cases
#6
Hye-In Jeong, Mi Jee Lee, Woong Nam, In-Ho Cha, Hyung Jun Kim
Objectives: In order to assess clinical behavior, response to treatment, and factors influencing prognosis of Korean patients with osteosarcoma of the jaws (OSJ). Materials and Methods: A retrospective study of clinical, and pathological records of 26 patients with OSJ treated at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery in Yonsei University Dental Hospital from 1990 to March 2017. Results: Of 26 patients, there were 9 men (34.6%) and 17 women (65...
October 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128350/biomechanical-behavior-of-adhesive-cement-layer-and-periodontal-tissues-on-the-restored-teeth-with-zirconia-rbfdps-using-three-kinds-of-framework-design-3d-fea-study
#7
Ayana Uraba, Reina Nemoto, Kosuke Nozaki, Tasuku Inagaki, Satoshi Omori, Hiroyuki Miura
PURPOSE: To investigate stress and strain concentrations on resin-bonded fixed dental prostheses (RBFDPs) frameworks of different design using finite element analysis. METHODS: A human dry skull was scanned and models were produced using three-dimensional printer. After abutment preparation, three frameworks, including a three-unit RBFDP, and two-unit cantilevered RBFDPs using #21 and #23 for the abutment tooth, were fabricated. Scanned data were subtracted to define boundary of each structure...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124888/differential-oxidative-stress-tolerance-of-streptococcus-mutans-isolates-affects-competition-in-an-ecological-mixed-species-biofilm-model
#8
Yuan Liu, Sara R Palmer, Hsiaochi Chang, Ashton N Combs, Robert A Burne, Hyun Koo
Streptococcus mutans strongly influences the development of pathogenic biofilms associated with dental caries. Our understanding of S. mutans behavior in biofilms is based on a few well-characterized laboratory strains; however, individual isolates vary widely in genome content and virulence-associated phenotypes, such as biofilm formation and environmental stress sensitivity. Using an ecological biofilm model, we assessed the impact of co-cultivation of several S. mutans isolates with Streptococcus oralis and Actinomyces naeslundii on biofilm composition following exposure to sucrose...
November 10, 2017: Environmental Microbiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118155/detection-of-early-stage-oral-cancer-lesions-a-survey-of-california-dental-hygienists
#9
Dayna M Hashimoto Barao, Gwen Essex, Ann A Lazar, Dorothy J Rowe
Purpose: To assess dental hygienists' knowledge of early-stage oral cancer lesions and their practices, attitudes, barriers, and facilitators related to early detection.Methods: A 20-item survey containing images of oral lesions and related multiple-choice questions was distributed electronically by the California Dental Hygienists' Association to all dental hygienists whose email addresses were in their database. Response frequencies were calculated per survey item. Logistic regression analysis was used to explore associations...
December 2016: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118146/dental-hygiene-students-perceptions-of-importance-and-confidence-in-applying-motivational-interviewing-during-patient-care
#10
Angela Mills, Wendy E Kerschbaum, Philip S Richards, Gail A Czarnecki, Janet S Kinney, Anne E Gwozdek
Purpose: Motivational Interviewing (MI) is an evidence-based, patient-centered counseling approach for eliciting behavior change. In 2012, the University of Michigan (U-M) Dental Hygiene Program significantly enhanced their behavior change curriculum by reinforcing and building upon the Motivational Interviewing segment. The purpose of this study was to examine students' perceptions of the importance of MI and their confidence in applying it during patient care.Methods: A convenience sample of 22 U-M Class of 2015 dental hygiene students who had received an enhanced curriculum participated in this study, utilizing a retrospective, pre-test/post-test design...
February 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117656/knowledge-attitudes-and-habits-regarding-oral-health-in-first-and-final-year-dental-students
#11
Mia Lujo, Marko Meštrović, Ana Ivanišević Malčić, Jurica Matijević, Silvana Jukić
The purpose of the research was to compare oral health behavior and plaque indices between Croatian first-year and final-year dental students. Therefore, 46.9% of first-year and 47% of final-year dental students were surveyed using the Hiroshima University Dental Behavior Inventory (HU-DBI) questionnaire and had their plaque indices determined. Descriptive statistics analysis, nonparametric tests, and correlation analysis were performed (p<0.05). Sixth-year students had a significantly better mean HU-DBI score (8...
December 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117466/dental-properties-ultrastructure-and-pulp-cells-associated-with-a-novel-dspp-mutation
#12
Thantrira Porntaveetus, Thanaphum Osathanon, Nunthawan Nowwarote, Prasit Pavasant, Chalurmpon Srichomthong, Kanya Suphapeetiporn, Vorasuk Shotelersuk
OBJECTIVE: To investigate physical characteristics and behaviours of dental pulp cells of teeth isolated from a dentinogenesis imperfecta (DGI) patient with a novel DSPP mutation. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Whole exome and Sanger sequencing were employed to identify mutations. Physical characteristics of the teeth were examined. Pulp cells' behaviors including cell proliferation, colony forming unit, osteogenic differentiation, pluripotent markers, and mesenchymal stem cell markers were investigated...
November 8, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116297/maternal-depression-and-anxiety-associated-with-dental-fear-in-children-a-cohort-of-adolescent-mothers-in-southern-brazil
#13
Vanessa Polina Pereira Costa, Marcos Britto Correa, Marília Leão Goettems, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Flávio Fernando Demarco
Exposure to maternal symptoms of depression/anxiety has long-term negative consequences for child development, regardless of the contextual risk. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship of the symptomatology of persistent maternal depression and anxiety with child dental fear. This study was nested in a cohort of adolescent mothers in southern Brazil. Symptomatology of maternal depression and anxiety was assessed during pregnancy and postpartum, when the mothers' children were 24-36 months old, using Beck Depression Inventory and Beck Anxiety Inventory...
November 6, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114704/dental-injuries-in-taekwondo-athletes-practicing-in-saudi-arabia
#14
Yazan R Aljohani, Khalid H Alfaifi, Samaa K Redwan, Dania A Sabbahi, Mohammed H Zahran
To assess the incidence and awareness of taekwondo athletes in Saudi Arabia regarding oral and maxillofacial (OMF) injuries and their prevention. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, an online questionnaire about the incidence and awareness of OMF injuries and their prevention was developed and distributed to taekwondo athletes in Saudi Arabia via their coaches.  Results: Sixty-eight responses were collected. The mean age of the participants was 29.3±9.1 years and 97% of them were males. Most of the participants (83%) believed that they are vulnerable to OMF injuries during practice...
November 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109336/corrosion-resistance-and-mechanical-properties-of-titanium-nitride-plating-on-orthodontic-wires
#15
Haruki Sugisawa, Hideki Kitaura, Kyosuke Ueda, Keisuke Kimura, Masahiko Ishida, Yumiko Ochi, Akiko Kishikawa, Saika Ogawa, Teruko Takano-Yamamoto
Titanium nitride (TiN) coating by ion plating has properties such as high hardness, wear resistance, corrosion resistance, and surface lubricity, therefore TiN coating is often used in various dental appliances and materials. In this study, we evaluated the corrosion behaviors and mechanical properties of TiN coated stainless steel (SS) and nickel titanium (Ni-Ti) orthodontic wires prepared by ion plating. TiN coating by ion plating improves the corrosion resistance of orthodontic wires. The corrosion pitting of the TiN coated wire surface become small...
November 3, 2017: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109314/a-cross-sectional-study-to-assess-the-perception-of-psychosocial-elements-among-pediatric-patients-visiting-dental-clinics
#16
Ashish Bhalla, U B Rajasekaran, Madhavi Singh, Manish Goutam, Nikhil Grover, Ashok Galav
INTRODUCTION: Children with high dental fear and perception usually encounter high prevalence of dental caries. Data showed that individuals with dental fear will probably defer dental appointments which may result in the formation of a setup of an endless loop of dental fear. Present study was aimed to assess different psycho-social parameters among pediatric patients visiting dental clinics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the present cross-sectional study, the data of 200 schoolchildren were collected and analyzed by means of a questionnaire...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108651/targeting-couple-and-parent-child-coercion-to-improve-health-behaviors
#17
Amy M Smith Slep, Richard E Heyman, Danielle M Mitnick, Michael F Lorber, Theodore P Beauchaine
This phase of the NIH Science of Behavior Change program emphasizes an "experimental medicine approach to behavior change," that seeks to identify targets related to stress reactivity, self-regulation, and social processes for maximal effects on multiple health outcomes. Within this framework, our project focuses on interpersonal processes associated with health: coercive couple and parent-child conflict. Diabetes and poor oral health portend pain, distress, expense, loss of productivity, and even mortality...
October 19, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108500/breastfeeding-and-oral-health-evidence-and-methodological-challenges
#18
K G Peres, B W Chaffee, C A Feldens, C Flores-Mir, P Moynihan, A Rugg-Gunn
Breastfeeding is a powerful health-promoting behavior. A 2016 Lancet global collaboration to review the health implications of breastfeeding was among the first to consider oral health outcomes. While a role was suggested for breastfeeding in preventing malocclusion, caries was the only included disease condition unfavorably associated with breastfeeding. The present critical review examines the evidence connecting breastfeeding practices to these outcomes and discusses the methodological challenges inherent in reaching causal conclusions...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103940/morphometric-behavioral-and-genomic-evidence-for-a-new-orangutan-species
#19
Alexander Nater, Maja P Mattle-Greminger, Anton Nurcahyo, Matthew G Nowak, Marc de Manuel, Tariq Desai, Colin Groves, Marc Pybus, Tugce Bilgin Sonay, Christian Roos, Adriano R Lameira, Serge A Wich, James Askew, Marina Davila-Ross, Gabriella Fredriksson, Guillem de Valles, Ferran Casals, Javier Prado-Martinez, Benoit Goossens, Ernst J Verschoor, Kristin S Warren, Ian Singleton, David A Marques, Joko Pamungkas, Dyah Perwitasari-Farajallah, Puji Rianti, Augustine Tuuga, Ivo G Gut, Marta Gut, Pablo Orozco-terWengel, Carel P van Schaik, Jaume Bertranpetit, Maria Anisimova, Aylwyn Scally, Tomas Marques-Bonet, Erik Meijaard, Michael Krützen
Six extant species of non-human great apes are currently recognized: Sumatran and Bornean orangutans, eastern and western gorillas, and chimpanzees and bonobos [1]. However, large gaps remain in our knowledge of fine-scale variation in hominoid morphology, behavior, and genetics, and aspects of great ape taxonomy remain in flux. This is particularly true for orangutans (genus: Pongo), the only Asian great apes and phylogenetically our most distant relatives among extant hominids [1]. Designation of Bornean and Sumatran orangutans, P...
November 20, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098015/parents-perceptions-of-dental-care-challenges-in-male-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-an-initial-qualitative-exploration
#20
Leah I Stein Duker, Benjamin F Henwood, Ricky N Bluthenthal, Emma Juhlin, José C Polido, Sharon A Cermak
Background: Many children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) experience barriers to oral care in the dental office setting. The purpose of this study was to provide an increased understanding of these challenges experienced during oral care in the dental office by children with ASD. Method: This study was part of a larger mixed methods design and builds on quantitative results from a survey of parents of children with ASD ages 2-18 in which parents reported difficulties with access to care, sensory processing, and uncooperative behaviors...
July 2017: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
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