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Ultrasound endoscopy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820145/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-gastroenterostomy-are-we-ready-for-prime-time
#1
REVIEW
Mihai Rimbas, Alberto Larghi, Guido Costamagna
Interventional endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) is currently becoming the less invasive therapeutic approach for the drainage of pancreatic fluid collections, of acute cholecystitis in patients unfit for surgery and for biliary drainage after failed endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. In addition, EUS-guided gastroenterostomy (EUS-GE) has recently emerged as a feasible procedure to treat patients with gastric outlet obstruction, as an alternative to surgery or to standard endoscopy when endoscopic stent placement is not possible...
July 2017: Endoscopic Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799152/-gastric-schwannoma-rare-differenzial-diagnosis-of-acute-upper-gastrointestinal-gi-bleeding
#2
Orestis Lyros, Stephan Schickel, Katrin Schierle, Albrecht Hoffmeister, Ines Gockel
Schwannomas are benign tumors derived from Schwann cells and their typical site of origin is the subcutaneous tissue of the extremities. Gastrointestinal localization of Schwannomas is extremely rare and the stomach is the prevalent site. Gastric schwannomas primarily occur in the gastric submucosa and are usually asymptomatic.We present a rare case of a solitary gastric schwannoma in a 51-year old male, which initially manifested with hematemesis by acute upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding. The upper GI-Endoscopy revealed a gastric submucosal tumor, 7 cm in size, located in the proximal corpus and fundus...
August 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783919/training-in-endoscopy-endoscopic-ultrasound
#3
REVIEW
Chang Min Cho
Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) has been recently established as an indispensable modality for the diagnosis and management of pancreatobiliary and gastrointestinal (GI) disorders. EUS proficiency requires both cognitive and technical abilities, including an understanding of the appropriate indications, the performance of appropriate evaluations before and after the procedure, and the management of procedure-related complications. An increasing demand for skills to handle a growing range of interventional EUS procedures and a continual shortage of EUS training programs are two major obstacles for EUS training...
July 2017: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776497/endoscopic-ultrasound-and-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-in-the-diagnosis-of-diffuse-gastrointestinal-lesions-with-inconclusive-endoscopic-biopsies
#4
Hussein Hassan Okasha, Shaimaa Elkholy, Mohamed Sayed, Reem Ezzat Mahdy, Yehia ElSherif, Emad El Gemeie, Amr Abo El Magd
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Many gastrointestinal tumors appearing as diffuse circumferential malignancies, for example, diffuse signet ring adenocarcinoma and lymphoma, might primarily involve the submucosal layer and hence are difficult to diagnose because they frequently yield negative endoscopic biopsies. This main aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) and EUS-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) in the diagnosis of diffuse gastrointestinal lesions with inconclusive endoscopic biopsies...
August 4, 2017: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768544/preoperative-endoscopic-titanium-clip-placement-facilitates-intraoperative-localization-of-early-stage-esophageal-cancer-or-severe-dysplasia
#5
Lei Tan, Juan Feng, Qin Zhao, Ping Chen, Guotao Yang
BACKGROUND: Accurate intraoperative localization of esophageal lesions is essential for successful surgical resection. We tested whether preoperative endoscopic placement of titanium clips could facilitate intraoperative localization of early-stage esophageal cancer or severe dysplasia. METHODS: A prospective randomized clinical trial was performed between May 2012 and July 2014. All enrolled patients received preoperative endoscopy and esophageal endoscopic ultrasound, as well as pathological study on the biopsy specimen, to confirm early stage esophageal cancer or severe dysplasia...
August 2, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767142/prognostic-significance-of-tumor-length-in-patients-receiving-esophagectomy-for-esophageal-cancer
#6
Alexander C Hollis, Lauren M Quinn, James Hodson, Emily Evans, James Plowright, Ruksana Begum, Harriet Mitchell, Mike T Hallissey, John L Whiting, Ewen A Griffiths
AIMS: We investigated the prognostic value of tumor length measurements acquired both from pre-operative imaging and post-operative pathology in esophageal cancer. METHODS: Tumor lengths were examined retrospectively for 389 esophagectomy patients with respect to Endoscopy, EUS (Endoscopic Ultrasound), CT and PET-CT, and pathology. Correlations between the measurements on the different approaches were assessed, and associations between tumor length and survival were analyzed...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757299/the-incidence-of-subclinical-forms-of-urogenital-tuberculosis-in-patients-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#7
Roman Zachoval, Petr Nencka, Martina Vasakova, Emilie Kopecka, Vladimir Borovička, Jiri Wallenfels, Pavel Cermak
The aim of our study was to determine whether patients with pulmonary tuberculosis may have subclinical forms of urogenital tuberculosis. Between 2011 and 2012, a prospective study was conducted. Basic demographic parameters were recorded and the following investigations were performed: direct bacilloscopy of sputum, evaluation of affected lung fields and presence of cavities on chest X-ray, Mantoux tuberculin skin test II, and interferon gamma release assay. Culture and molecular methods for Mycobacterium tuberculosis in urine were performed...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737951/monitoring-of-small-bowel-crohn-s-disease
#8
Uri Kopylov, Anastasios Koulaouzidis, Eyal Klang, Dan Carter, Shomron Ben-Horin, Rami Eliakim
In recent years, the therapeutic paradigm in Crohn's disease has shifted from a mere symptom-oriented approach, to aiming to healing of the underlying inflammation and prevention of long-term structural complications. Such "treat-to-target" approach may allow for a more stable disease course with less hospitalizations, lower requirement for surgery and improved quality of life. In Crohn's disease, the small bowel is affected in the majority of patients; frequently, Crohn's involves only the small bowel, which remains inaccessible to conventional ileocolonoscopic techniques...
July 24, 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737285/role-of-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-biopsy-in-the-diagnosis-of-lymphoma-of-the-pancreas-a-clinicopathological-study-of-nine-cases
#9
S Sadaf, A Loya, N Akhtar, M A Yusuf
OBJECTIVE: Endoscopic ultrasound-guided-fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) is an established first-line procedure in the management of solid and cystic pancreatic masses. Lymphoma is an uncommon diagnosis in EUS-FNA of the pancreas, and it is more common for such a diagnosis to be because of secondary involvement of the pancreas by a lymphoproliferative disorder than for this to represent isolated primary pancreatic lymphoma (PPL). We present the clinical, EUS and cytological features of these lesions...
July 24, 2017: Cytopathology: Official Journal of the British Society for Clinical Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735375/perioperative-practices-concerning-one-anastomosis-mini-gastric-bypass-a-survey-of-210-surgeons
#10
Kamal K Mahawar, Kuldeepak Singh Kular, Chetan Parmar, Michael Van den Bossche, Yitka Graham, William R J Carr, Brijesh Madhok, Conor Magee, Sanjay Purkayastha, Peter K Small
BACKGROUND: There is currently little evidence available on the perioperative practices concerning one anastomosis/mini gastric bypass (OAGB/MGB) and no published consensus amongst experts. Even the published papers are not clear on these aspects. The purpose of this study was to understand various perioperative practices concerning OAGB/MGB. METHODS: Bariatric surgeons from around the world were invited to participate in a questionnaire-based survey. Only surgeons performing this procedure were included...
July 22, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732002/-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-in-young-pregnant-woman-case-report
#11
Walker Del Cid Jove Oblitas, Miguel Joseph Abril Barreda
Female patient, 28 years old, with a gestation of 14 weeks, natural and from Ilo-Moquegua. Came with a time of disease 4 days with hematemesis, melena, epigastric pain and syncope. Background of colonic resection for peritonitis due to trauma 20 years ago; upper gastrointestinal bleeding three years ago; paternal grandparents died of gastric cancer; chronic gastritis diagnosed from 19 year old. In laboratory studies hemoglobin of 9.2. In the upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was found absence of active upper gastrointestinal bleeding, a large tumor in proximal body toward greater curvature and posterior wall, 8 cm in diameter approximately, lobed appearance, with most of the mucosal surface unscathed is evidence, areas of ulceration of 2-3 mm covered with fibrin (biopsies taken), hard consistency, tent sign (positive) and cushionsign (negative)...
April 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731990/-performance-of-asge-predictive-criteria-in-diagnosis-of-choledocholithiasis-in-the-edgardo-rebagliati-martins-hospital
#12
Harold Eduardo Benites Goñi, Fernando Vicente Palacios Salas, Jairo Luis Asencios Cusihuallpa, Rossmery Aguilar Morocco, Nasthya Solange Segovia Valle
BACKGROUND: In Peru, there are still no local studies designed for evaluating the performance of clinical guidelines designed to stratify patients according to probability of choledocholithiasis. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the performance of predictive criteria proposed by the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE) in diagnosis of choledocholithiasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study conducted in a hospital in Lima (Rebagliati hospital)...
April 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730774/laparoscopic-colectomy-for-serosa-positive-colon-cancer-pt4a-in-patients-with-preoperative-diagnosis-of-cancer-without-serosal-invasion
#13
Shenglong Guo, Detao Tang, Xiaojun Chen, Ming Chen, Yaqian Xiang
PURPOSE: Although general surgeons normally perform laparoscopic colectomies in patients with colon cancer, the procedure is also indicated for serosa-negative tumors (≤ cT3). Serosal invasion (T4a) is regarded as a potential risk factor for peritoneal dissemination due to pneumoperitoneum effects and tumor manipulation during laparoscopic colectomy. We compared short- and long-term outcomes of patients who underwent laparoscopic and open colectomies for serosa-involving colon cancer (pT4a) and had a preoperative diagnosis of cancer without serosal invasion (≤cT3)...
May 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725602/transrectal-ultrasound-guided-extraction-of-impacted-prostatic-urethral-calculi-a-simple-alternative-to-endoscopy
#14
Gregory Amend, Jason Gandhi, Noel L Smith, Steven J Weissbart, David A Schulsinger, Gargi Joshi, Sardar Ali Khan
Urethral stones can become impacted in the posterior urethra, typically presenting with varying degrees of acute urinary retention and lower urinary tract symptoms. These are traditionally treated in the inpatient setting, with external urethrotomy or endoscopic push-back of the calculus into the urinary bladder followed by cystolitholapaxy or cystolithotripsy. However, these methods are invasive, involve general anesthesia, and require radiation. In this report, we describe a simple, minimally invasive, and safe alternative technique to visualize and remove impacted prostatic urethral stones under the real-time guidance of transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS)...
June 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719968/training-in-endoscopy-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography
#15
REVIEW
Jaihwan Kim
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a key endoscopy skill used to diagnose and treat pancreatobiliary diseases. However, its diagnostic use is decreasing in favor of other less invasive methods such as magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography and endoscopic ultrasound. Alternatively, its use has become more important in the therapeutic area. ERCP trainees must know the anatomy and physiology of the pancreatobiliary system, several key basic skills, and complications of a successful procedure...
July 2017: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712200/pregnancy-with-bilateral-metastatic-ovarian-tumour
#16
Sadaqat Jabeen, Maleeha Nisar, Nighat Hussain
Metastatic ovarian tumours are extremely rare. The commonest primary site is usually stomach and the metastasis from this site is termed as krukenberg tumour. It accounts for 1-2% of malignant ovarian tumours. We present a case of 14 weeks' pregnancy with metastatic bilateral malignant ovarian tumour is presented. Diagnosis was made on ultrasound. Tumour markers were insignificant. Patient underwent staging laparotomy with total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo oophorectomy and partial omentectomy...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710883/an-atypical-type-i-gastric-neuroendocrine-tumor
#17
Andrada-Viorela Gheorghe, Mihai Rimbas, Octav Ginghina, Andrada Spanu, Theodor Alexandru Voiosu
BACKGROUND: Gastric neuroendocrine tumors(GI-NETs) are rare lesions, usually discovered incidentally during endoscopy. Based on their pathology, there are 4 types of GI-NETs. Type I are multiple small polypoid lesions with central ulceration located in the gastric body or the fundus, associated with atrophic gastritis usually noninvasive and very rarely metastatic. We report on a rare case of a gastric NET arising from the muscularis propria layer of the pyloric ring. CASE REPORT: We present the case of a 65-year old woman with a history of alcoholic cirrhosis, investigated for melena...
July 14, 2017: Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine, Revue Roumaine de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699175/long-term-health-outcomes-of-adults-with-mccune-albright-syndrome
#18
S C Wong, M Zacharin
CONTEXT: McCune Albright Syndrome (MAS) is associated with numerous health problems. Comprehensive long term health problems of adults with MAS are less well defined in the literature. OBJECTIVE: Our objective is to report comprehensive health outcomes of adults with MAS (> 18 years). DESIGN: Retrospective case note review of 16 adults with MAS managed by one clinician. Results expressed as median (range) RESULTS: The study included 16 adults (7 males) with MAS...
July 12, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694009/role-of-dual-red-imaging-to-guide-intravariceal-sclerotherapy-injection-of-esophageal-varices-with-videos
#19
Yoshihiro Furuichi, Takuji Gotoda, Yoshitaka Kasai, Hirohito Takeuchi, Yuu Yoshimasu, Takashi Kawai, Takao Itoi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Dual red imaging (DRI) is a novel image-enhanced endoscopy technique that can increase the visibility and predict the depth of esophageal varices (EVs). The recurrence rate of EVs after endoscopic injection sclerotherapy (EIS) reportedly decreases by intravariceal injection of a sclerosant. We evaluated prospectively whether the EIS success rate was increased by DRI compared with the white light (WLI) mode. METHODS: A total of 79 EV patients were randomly divided into the DRI (n = 40) and WLI (n = 39) groups...
July 7, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685802/hemorrhagic-meckel-s-diverticulum-interest-of-the-digestive-pertechnetate-scintigraphy
#20
Aida Mhiri, Ihsen Slim, Faouzi Ben Slimène
Meckel's diverticulum is the most prevalent congenital abnormality of the gastrointestinal tract. Clinical symptoms can result in pain, bleeding and perforation caused by peptic ulceration. Among all imaging modalities, Tc-99m pertechnetate scintigraphy is the most sensitive method for Meckel's diverticulum diagnosis, but only mentioned in a few publications. We report the case of a young child with rectal bleeding related hemorrhagic Meckel's diverticulum. Endoscopy and ultrasound were normal. The diagnosis was done by scintigraphy with technetium revealing an accumulation of radiotracer by mucous cells in ectopic gastric mucosa, which allows a detection of Meckel's diverticulum...
October 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
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