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Ultrasound endoscopy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453471/significance-of-non-invasive-markers-as-predictor-of-esophageal-varices-in-liver-cirrhosis
#1
Dipendra Khadka, Sushil Prajapati, Sudhamshu Kc, Jeetendra Kaji Shrestha, Niyanta Karki, Bikash Jaishi, Kiran Regmi, Sandip Khadka
INTRODUCTION: Upper gastro-intestinal endoscopy remains the gold standard for screening for esophageal varices but it has its own limitations. It is an invasive, expensive and uncomfortable procedure and needs clinical expertise. Accordingly, this study was conducted to establish the role of non-invasive markers for prediction of esophageal varices in liver cirrhosis. METHODS: A hospital based descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out in Liver unit of National Academy of Medical Sciences, Bir Hospital, from October 2016 to September 2017...
October 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444709/mucinous-cystic-neoplasm-of-the-liver-with-extrahepatic-growth-presenting-with-ascending-cholangitis-diagnosed-by-endoscopic-ultrasound-features-a-case-report
#2
Tanawat Pattarapuntakul, Bancha Ovartlarnporn, Jaksin Sottisuporn
BACKGROUND: Mucinous cystic neoplasm of the liver with extrahepatic growth is a rare benign epithelial neoplasm of the biliary system that presents with a mass effect or is incidentally found on imaging. The tumor affects mostly the common hepatic duct, which is difficult to diagnose preoperatively by radiology, endoscopy, or cystic fluid analysis. Endoscopic ultrasound is a noninvasive tool for the evaluation of features of a cystic lesion and the extent of disease. Optimal treatment is complete tumor resection...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440962/focal-achalasia-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Marcus Joachim Herzig, Radu Tutuian
Esophageal achalasia is a primary smooth muscle motility disorder specified by aperistalsis of the tubular esophagus in combination with a poorly relaxing and occasionally hypertensive lower esophageal sphincter (LES). These changes occur secondary to the destruction of the neural network coordinating esophageal peristalsis and LES relaxation (plexus myentericus). There are limited data on segmental involvement of the esophagus in adults. We report on the case of a 54-year-old man who presented initially with complete aperistalsis limited to the distal esophagus...
2018: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437914/gastrointestinal-ultrasound-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-an-underused-resource-with-potential-paradigm-changing-application
#4
REVIEW
Robert Venning Bryant, Antony Friedman, Emily Kate Wright, Kirstin Taylor, Jakob Begun, Giovanni Maconi, Christian Maaser, Kerri L Novak, Torsten Kucharzik, Nathan S S Atkinson, Anil Asthana, Peter R Gibson
Evolution of treatment targets in IBD has increased the need for objective monitoring of disease activity to guide therapeutic strategy. Although mucosal healing is the current target of therapy in IBD, endoscopy is invasive, expensive and unappealing to patients. GI ultrasound (GIUS) represents a non-invasive modality to assess disease activity in IBD. It is accurate, cost-effective and reproducible. GIUS can be performed at the point of care without specific patient preparation so as to facilitate clinical decision-making...
February 3, 2018: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426291/paediatric-pancreaticobiliary-endoscopy-a-21-year-experience-from-a-tertiary-hepatobiliary-centre-and-systematic-literature-review
#5
Margaret G Keane, Mayur Kumar, Natascha Cieplik, Douglas Thorburn, Gavin J Johnson, George J Webster, Michael H Chapman, Keith J Lindley, Stephen P Pereira
BACKGROUND: In adults ERCP and endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) are standard methods of evaluating and treating many hepatopancreaticobiliary (HPB) conditions. HPB disease is being diagnosed with increasing frequency in children but information about role of ERCP and EUS and their outcomes in this population remain limited. Therefore the aims of this study were to describe the paediatric ERCP and EUS experience from a large tertiary referral HPB centre, and to systematically compare outcomes with those of other published series...
February 9, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409308/a-prospective-multicenter-study-evaluating-bleeding-risk-after-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-in-patients-prescribed-antithrombotic-agents
#6
Kazumichi Kawakubo, Kei Yane, Kazunori Eto, Hirotoshi Ishiwatari, Nobuyuki Ehira, Shin Haba, Ryusuke Matsumoto, Keisuke Shinada, Hiroaki Yamato, Taiki Kudo, Manabu Onodera, Toshinori Okuda, Yoko Taya-Abe, Shuhei Kawahata, Kimitoshi Kubo, Yoshimasa Kubota, Masaki Kuwatani, Hiroshi Kawakami, Akio Katanuma, Michihiro Ono, Tsuyoshi Hayashi, Minoru Uebayashi, Naoya Sakamto
Background/Aims: Although the risk of bleeding after endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) is low, the safety of EUS-FNA in patients prescribed antithrombotic agents is unclear. Therefore, this study evaluated the incidence of bleeding after EUS-FNA in those patients. Methods: Between September 2012 and September 2015, patients who were prescribed antithrombotic agents underwent EUS-FNA at 13 institutions in Japan were prospectively enrolled in the study...
February 8, 2018: Gut and Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406437/combining-eastern-and-western-practices-for-safe-and-effective-endoscopic-resection-of-large-complex-colorectal-lesions
#7
Andrew Emmanuel, Shraddha Gulati, Margaret Burt, Bu'Hussain Hayee, Amyn Haji
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic resection of large colorectal polyps is well established. However, significant differences in technique exist between eastern and western interventional endoscopists. We report the results of endoscopic resection of large complex colorectal lesions from a specialist unit that combines eastern and western techniques for assessment and resection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Endoscopic resections of colorectal lesions of at least 2 cm were included...
February 5, 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390568/uterine-fibroids-with-positive-18f-fdg-pet-ct-image-and-significantly-increased-ca19-9-a-case-report
#8
Yan Ma, Xiaonan Shao
RATIONALE: Uterine fibroids are the most common pelvic solid tumors and common to 25% of women. F-fluorodexyglucose (F-FDG) is an energy metabolism tracer. Although FDG is generally concentrated in malignant lesions with high glucose metabolism, it can also accumulate in normal tissues, benign lesions, and inflammatory sites. The exact mechanism of FDG uptake by uterine fibroids is not clear. Here, we report a case of uterine fibroids with positive F-FDG positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) imaging and significantly increased CA19-9...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385116/endoscopy-ultrasound%C3%A2-guided-hepatogastrostomy-as-an-alternative-treatment-in-a-patient-with-cholangiocarcinoma-and-failure-of-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography
#9
Łukasz Krupa, Robert Staroń, Małgorzata Wojnicka-Stolarz, Jacek Lepiech, Dorota Gutkowska, Krzysztof Gutkowski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2018: Polish Archives of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383264/acute-duodenal-intramural-hematoma-complicated-by-acute-pancreatitis-a-rare-complication-of-endoscopic-epinephrine-injection-therapy
#10
Emmanuel Ofori, Tagore Sunkara, Eric Then, Febin John, Vinaya Gaduputi
Intramural duodenal hematoma (IDH) is a rare complication in endoscopic management of ulcer hemorrhage. Usually noted in cases of blunt abdominal trauma, non-traumatic IDHs have been reported in individuals on anticoagulation, with blood disorders, pancreatic diseases and in endoscopic procedures such as biopsy, sclerotherapy and argon plasma coagulation. Patients may be asymptomatic or present with acute blood loss anemia, abdominal pain or vomiting. We report a case of an 83-year-old man with melena and syncope who underwent endoscopy for bleeding ulcer control and subsequently developed acute pancreatitis due to an acute IDH...
January 2018: Oxford Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373437/yield-and-costs-of-evaluating-children-with-cyclic-vomiting-syndrome
#11
Chantal Lucia-Casadonte, Kaitlin Whaley, Ashish Chogle
BACKGROUND: Cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) clinical guidelines recommend an algorithm of basic testing for standard patients, and more targeted testing, including laboratory and imaging studies, in the presence of specific red flags. The cost effectiveness of this screening of children with suspected CVS is lacking. OBJECTIVES: To determine if screening studies in CVS patients results in diagnostic change, and to estimate their healthcare cost. METHOD: Charts of patients (1-18 years) with suspected CVS were retrospectively reviewed at a single center...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346598/accuracy-of-preoperative-staging-for-a-priori-resectable-esophageal-cancer
#12
M Winiker, S Mantziari, S G Figueiredo, N Demartines, P Allemann, M Schäfer
This study assessed the accuracy of preoperative staging in patients undergoing oncological esophagectomy for adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. All patients undergoing surgery for resectable esophageal cancer in a university hospital from 2005 to 2016 were identified from our institutional database. Patients with neoadjuvant treatment were excluded to avoid bias from down-staging effects. Routinely, all patients had an upper endoscopy with biopsy, a thoracoabdominal CT scan, an 18-FEG PET-CT, and endoscopic ultrasound...
January 1, 2018: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346245/diagnostic-yield-and-safety-of-bronchoscopist-directed-moderate-sedation-with-a-bolus-dose-administration-of-propofol-during-endobronchial-ultrasound-bronchoscopy
#13
Danai Khemasuwan, Krittika Teerapuncharoen, David C Griffin
BACKGROUND: The propofol use for moderate sedation (MS) during endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) bronchoscopy is primarily restricted for use by an anesthesiologist because of safety concerns. The goals of this study were to demonstrate the safety and the diagnostic yield of the use of propofol by bronchoscopists and trained endoscopy nurses during EBUS bronchoscopy without intubation. METHODS: We tested a bolus propofol administration protocol targeting MS for EBUS bronchoscopy...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321104/neurectomy-for-anterior-cutaneous-nerve-entrapment-syndrome-in-children
#14
Lindsey B Armstrong, Pradeep Dinakar, David P Mooney
INTRODUCTION: Anterior cutaneous nerve entrapment syndrome (ACNES) is an underrecognized etiology of chronic abdominal pain that causes great morbidity to those affected. We sought to determine the outcome of neurectomy for ACNES in children. METHODS: Demographic and clinical data on children who underwent neurectomy for ACNES by a single surgeon from 10/2011 to 01/2017 were reviewed. RESULTS: Twenty-six patients underwent neurectomy for ACNES...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312558/hyperglycemia-combined-helicobacter-pylori-infection-increases-risk-of-synchronous-colorectal-adenoma-and-carotid-artery-plaque
#15
Kuang-Chun Hu, Ming-Shiang Wu, Cheng-Hsin Chu, Horng-Yuan Wang, Shee-Chan Lin, Helen L Po, Ming-Jong Bair, Chuan-Chuan Liu, Tung-Hung Su, Chi-Ling Chen, Chun-Jen Liu, Shou-Chuan Shih
Background: Cardiovascular disease and colorectal cancer have severe consequences to human health and may occur simultaneously or sequentially. Carotid artery plaque is a predictor of cardiovascular disease, and colorectal adenoma is a premalignant lesion of colorectal cancer. We investigated the core risk factors of carotid artery plaque and colorectal adenoma. Results: In total, 2361 subjects were enrolled. In multivariate analysis, age ≥ 60 years, male sex, BMI > 27, LDL > 130 mg/dL, HbA1c ≥ 6...
December 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290657/diagnostic-classification-of-endosonography-for-differentiating-colorectal-ulcerative-diseases-a-new-statistical-method
#16
En-Qi Qiu, Wen Guo, Tian-Ming Cheng, Yong-Li Yao, Wei Zhu, Si-De Liu, Fa-Chao Zhi
AIM: To establish a classification method for differential diagnosis of colorectal ulcerative diseases, especially Crohn's disease (CD), primary intestinal lymphoma (PIL) and intestinal tuberculosis (ITB). METHODS: We searched the in-patient medical record database for confirmed cases of CD, PIL and ITB from 2008 to 2015 at our center, collected data on endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) from randomly-chosen patients who formed the training set, conducted univariate logistic regression analysis to summarize EUS features of CD, PIL and ITB, and created a diagnostic classification method...
December 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285022/recommendations-for-the-surgical-treatment-of-endometriosis-part-1-ovarian-endometrioma
#17
Ertan Saridogan, Christian M Becker, Anis Feki, Grigoris F Grimbizis, Lone Hummelshoj, Joerg Keckstein, Michelle Nisolle, Vasilios Tanos, Uwe A Ulrich, Nathalie Vermeulen, Rudy Leon De Wilde
Study question: What does this document on the surgical treatment of endometriosis jointly prepared by the European Society for Gynaecological Endoscopy (ESGE), ESHRE, and the World Endometriosis Society (WES) provide? Summary answer: This document provides recommendations covering technical aspects of different methods of surgery for endometriomas in women of reproductive age. What is already known: Endometriomas (ovarian endometriotic cysts) are a commonly diagnosed form of endometriosis, owing to the relative ease and accuracy of ultrasound diagnosis...
2017: Gynecological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247384/gastric-lipomatosis-treated-by-total-gastrectomy-a-case-report
#18
Shota Aoyama, Katsunori Ami, Akira Fukuda, Kenichiro Imai, Ja-Mun Chong, Masayuki Ando
BACKGROUND: Gastric lipomatosis is characterized by multiple gastric lipomas or a diffuse gastric infiltration of the submucosal or subserosal layer by the adipose tissue; diffuse-type gastric lipomatosis is an extremely rare condition. Here, we present the case of a patient with gastric lipomatosis treated by total gastrectomy. CASE PRESENTATION: A 54-year-old man diagnosed with gastric submucosal tumor in 2008 was referred to our hospital for further examination and treatment in September 2016...
December 16, 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245254/a-primary-gastric-synovial-sarcoma-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#19
REVIEW
In Tae So, Kwang Bum Cho, Ju Yup Lee, Sang Jin Kim, Hye In Jung, Jong Hwan Choi, Yoo Jin Lee, Hyun Jik Lee, Kyung Sik Park, Seung Wan Ryu, Yu Na Kang
RATIONALE: When a gastric spindle cell tumor is observed, the possibility of synovial carcinoma, besides common mesenchymal tumor, should also be considered. PRESENTING CONCERNS OF THE PATIENT: The patient is a 51-year-old American woman who underwent medical check-up at a general hospital. Upper endoscopy showed a 2-cm sized mass covered with intact mucosa, and a central depression located on the posterior wall of the mid body. Biopsy of the mass showed focal atypical cells proliferation in mucosa on hematoxylin & eosin (H&E) staining...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242258/ers-statement-interventional-bronchoscopy-in-children
#20
Ernst Eber, Juan L Antón-Pacheco, Jacques de Blic, Iolo Doull, Al Faro, Raffaella Nenna, Thomas Nicolai, Petr Pohunek, Kostas N Priftis, Paola Serio, Courtney Coleman, Sarah Masefield, Thomy Tonia, Fabio Midulla
Paediatric airway endoscopy is accepted as a diagnostic and therapeutic procedure, with an expanding number of indications and applications in children. The aim of this European Respiratory Society task force was to produce a statement on interventional bronchoscopy in children, describing the evidence available at present and current clinical practice, and identifying areas deserving further investigation. The multidisciplinary task force panel performed a systematic review of the literature, focusing on whole lung lavage, transbronchial and endobronchial biopsy, transbronchial needle aspiration with endobronchial ultrasound, foreign body extraction, balloon dilation and occlusion, laser-assisted procedures, usage of airway stents, microdebriders, cryotherapy, endoscopic intubation, application of drugs and other liquids, and caregiver perspectives...
December 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
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