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relation vitamin d and obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443804/25-oh-d-levels-in-relation-to-gender-overweight-insulin-resistance-and-inflammation-in-a-cross-sectional-cohort-of-northern-italian-workers-evidence-in-support-of-preventive-health-care-programs
#1
Luisella Vigna, Letizia Cassinelli, Amedea Silvia Tirelli, Irene Felicetta, Filomena Napolitano, Laura Tomaino, Michela Mutti, Claudia Eleonora Barberi, Luciano Riboldi
OBJECTIVE: In recent years, the welfare of workers and the prevention of chronic disabling diseases has become a topic of great interest. This study investigates serum levels of total 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) in a cohort of overweight-obese and insulin-resistant northern Italian indoor workers in apparent good health followed a nutritional education program. METHODS: An observational cross-sectional study on 385 patients (females = 291, males = 94), age range 18-69 years and body mass index (BMI) > 25 kg/m(2), was performed at the Department of Occupational Medicine Milan, Italy, latitude 45...
April 26, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443718/crosstalk-between-bone-and-fat-tissue-associations-between-vitamin-d-osteocalcin-adipokines-and-markers-of-glucose-metabolism-among-adolescents
#2
Kelly Virecoulon Giudici, Regina Mara Fisberg, Dirce Maria Lobo Marchioni, Bárbara Santarosa Emo Peters, Lígia Araújo Martini
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D), osteocalcin, markers of glucose metabolism, and obesity-related parameters among adolescents. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study with 198 adolescents age 14-18 years. Weight, height, and waist and hip circumferences were measured, as well as the following biochemical parameters: serum 25(OH)D, parathyroid hormone (PTH), total (tOC) and undercarboxylated (ucOC) osteocalcin, adiponectin, leptin, glucose, and insulin...
April 26, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436761/androgen-and-estrogen-shifts-in-men-before-and-after-bariatric-surgery-and-links-to-vitamins-and-trace-elements
#3
Alberto Rosenblatt, Joel Faintuch, Ivan Cecconello
Androgens and estrogens play a key role regarding sexual life and reproduction. Along with hypotestosteronemia, obese men exhibit a 2-fold increase in estradiol concentration, adversely infl uencing these parameters. Estrogens and adipokines also infl uence bone metabolism, exerting a direct effect on vitamin D, calcium homeostasis and bone health. Bariatric procedures normalize some sex hormones, and may reverse several obesity-related conditions. Estrogens levels may remain elevated postoperatively, and despite its protective effect on the skeleton, bariatric patients are more prone to fractures when compared to the general population...
April 24, 2017: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. Journal International de Vitaminologie et de Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436101/systematic-review-on-evidence-based-adolescent-nutrition-interventions
#4
REVIEW
Zohra S Lassi, Anoosh Moin, Jai K Das, Rehana A Salam, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
Adolescence is a critical stage in the life cycle, and adequate nutrition is necessary for the proper growth and development of individuals and their offspring. Here, we comprehensively review all published systematic reviews (through October 2016) on adolescents (10-19 years) and women of reproductive age, including pregnant women, which targeted interventions related to nutrition. For interventions where there was no existing systematic review on adolescents, we reviewed primary studies/trials. We included interventions on micronutrient supplementation (iron, folic acid, iron-folic acid (IFA), calcium, vitamin D, vitamin A, zinc, iodine, and multiple micronutrients), food/protein energy supplementation, nutrition education for pregnant adolescents, obesity prevention and management, and management of gestational diabetes...
April 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416368/nutritional-management-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-review-study
#5
REVIEW
Zeinab Faghfoori, Siavash Fazelian, Mahdi Shadnoush, Reza Goodarzi
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age, which leads to reproductive, hormonal and metabolic abnormalities. Due to the presence of insulin resistance, PCOS increases the risk of chronic diseases like type 2 diabetes, hypertension, lipid disorders, cardiovascular diseases and malignancies such as breast and endometrial cancer. The actual cause of this syndrome is unknown but environmental factors such as dietary habits play an important role in prevention and treatment and lifestyle modifications are the most important therapeutic strategies in these patients...
April 5, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401645/body-composition-and-micronutrient-deficiencies-in-patients-with-an-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#6
Charith Horadagoda, Timothy Dinihan, Mary Roberts, Kristina Kairaitis
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a multisystem disorder. Abnormal body composition (BC) and low serum micronutrient levels contribute significantly to morbidity associated with acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPD). The BC and serum levels of selected micronutrients were recorded in prospective, consecutive patients admitted to hospital with an AECOPD in Western Sydney. 94 patients were enrolled, 43% female, the average age was 69.8 ± 8.2years(SD). Admission spirometry revealed a mean spirometric ratio of 0...
April 12, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389119/nutritional-status-among-adolescent-girls-in-children-s-homes-anthropometry-and-dietary-patterns
#7
Tone Berg, Christine Magala-Nyago, Per Ole Iversen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Malnutrition is widespread among disadvantaged people in low-income countries like Uganda. Children and adolescents living in children's homes are considered an especially vulnerable group, and malnutrition among girls is of particular concern since it has intergenerational consequences. Virtually no information exists about the nutritional status of adolescent girls living in children's homes in Uganda. We therefore conducted a cross-sectional study to assess the nutritional status by evaluating anthropometric indicators, body composition and dietary patterns...
March 25, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378990/pain-involving-the-motor-system-and-serum-vitamin-d-concentration-in-postmenopausal-women-working-in-agriculture
#8
Dorota Raczkiewicz, Alfred Owoc, Beata Sarecka-Hujar, Iwona Bojar
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Since the role of vitamin D is essential in numerous biological processes its deficiency was suggested to be a risk factor for e.g. osteoporosis, musculoskeletal pain and spine pain. The purpose of the study was to analyse whether serum vitamin D concentration is related to pain involving the motor system in Polish postmenopausal women working in agriculture. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group consisted of 1,751 post-menopausal women, aged 45-65, at least 12 months from the last menstrual period, living in rural areas and working in agriculture...
March 22, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362550/are-children-s-vitamin-d-levels-and-bmi-associated-with-antibody-titers-produced-in-response-to-2014-2015-influenza-vaccine
#9
Chyongchiou J Lin, Judith M Martin, Kelly Stefano Cole, Richard K Zimmerman, Michael Susick, Krissy K Moehling, Min Z Levine, Sarah Spencer, Brendan Flannery, Mary Patricia Nowalk
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D is an immunomodulating hormone, which has been associated with susceptibility to infectious diseases. METHODS: Serum vitamin D levels in 135 children ages 3-17 y were measured at baseline and hemagglutinin influenza antibody titers were measured pre- and 21 d post influenza vaccination with live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) or inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV). Height and weight were derived from the electronic medical record and were used to calculate body mass index (BMI)...
March 31, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353634/vitamin-d-insufficiency-exacerbates-adipose-tissue-macrophage-infiltration-and-decreases-ampk-sirt1-activity-in-obese-rats
#10
Eugene Chang, Yangha Kim
Obesity is recognized as a state of chronic low-grade systemic inflammation due to adipose tissue macrophage infiltration and production of proinflammatory adipokines. Decreased vitamin D status is associated with obesity. The specific aim of the present study is to investigate the effects of vitamin D on obesity-induced adipose tissue inflammation. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized and fed a normal diet (NOR, 1000 IU vitamin D/kg diet), a 45% high-fat diet (HF, 1000 IU vitamin D/kg diet), or a 45% high-fat diet containing 25 IU vitamin D/kg diet (HF+LVD) for 12 weeks...
March 29, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352281/vitamin-d-deficiency-and-its-determinants-in-adults-a-sample-from-community-based-settings-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#11
Wegdan Bani-Issa, Kamal Eldeirawi, Sondos Harfil, Randa Fakhry
Background. Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) is a public health concern in adults worldwide. This study aims to explore the extent of VDD and its associated factors among adults in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Subjects and Methods. Quantitative, cross-sectional research was used to assess VDD and its associated factors in 216 adults recruited from randomly selected community-based healthcare settings over a six-month period. Recent values of vitamin D and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) were abstracted from medical records, followed by interviews with participants to obtain information on factors related to VDD and other covariates and to measure their heights and weights...
2017: International Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337028/modifiable-risk-factors-of-maternal-postpartum-weight-retention-an-analysis-of-their-combined-impact-and-potential-opportunities-for-prevention
#12
J L Hollis, S R Crozier, H M Inskip, C Cooper, K M Godfrey, N C Harvey, C E Collins, S M Robinson
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Pregnancy triggers a physiological change in weight status. Postpartum weight retention in the childbearing years can substantially alter a woman's weight gain trajectory, with several potential contributing factors identified. Most research has relied on women's recall of pre-pregnancy weight during pregnancy or later, and not considered risk factors in combination. Using measured pre-pregnancy weight, this study aimed to examine the associations of maternal postpartum weight retention with parity, pre-pregnancy BMI, excessive gestational weight gain (GWG), maternal serum vitamin D concentration and dietary Glycaemic Index in early and late pregnancy, and breastfeeding duration, including analysis of the combined impact of potentially modifiable risk factors...
April 25, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331572/environmental-risk-factors-for-autism-an-evidence-based-review-of-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses
#13
REVIEW
Amirhossein Modabbernia, Eva Velthorst, Abraham Reichenberg
BACKGROUND: According to recent evidence, up to 40-50% of variance in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) liability might be determined by environmental factors. In the present paper, we conducted a review of systematic reviews and meta-analyses of environmental risk factors for ASD. We assessed each review for quality of evidence and provided a brief overview of putative mechanisms of environmental risk factors for ASD. FINDINGS: Current evidence suggests that several environmental factors including vaccination, maternal smoking, thimerosal exposure, and most likely assisted reproductive technologies are unrelated to risk of ASD...
2017: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329121/very-low-calorie-diets-for-weight-loss-in-obese-older-adults-a-randomized-trial
#14
Cilla J Haywood, Luke A Prendergast, Katrina Purcell, Lauren Le Fevre, Wen Kwang Lim, Mary Galea, Joseph Proietto
Background: Obesity contributes to disability in older adults, and this is offset by weight loss and exercise. Very Low Calorie Diets (VLCDs) achieve rapid weight loss; however, these have not been rigorously evaluated in older people. Methods: A randomized trial was conducted from August 2012 through December 2015. The intervention was 12 weeks of thrice weekly exercise combined with either healthy eating advice (Ex/HE), hypocaloric diet (Ex/Diet), or VLCD (Ex/VLCD)...
February 20, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320484/nutritional-intervention-preconception-and-during-pregnancy-to-maintain-healthy-glucose-metabolism-and-offspring-health-nipper-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Keith M Godfrey, Wayne Cutfield, Shiao-Yng Chan, Philip N Baker, Yap-Seng Chong
BACKGROUND: Improved maternal nutrition and glycaemic control before and during pregnancy are thought to benefit the health of the mother, with consequent benefits for infant body composition and later obesity risk. Maternal insulin resistance and glycaemia around conception and in early pregnancy may be key determinants of maternal physiology and placental function, affecting fetal nutrient supply and maternal-feto-placental communications throughout gestation, with implications for later postnatal health...
March 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266114/interaction-of-lifestyle-behaviour-or-systemic-diseases-with-dental-caries-and-periodontal-diseases-consensus-report-of-group-2-of-the-joint-efp-orca-workshop-on-the-boundaries-between-caries-and-periodontal-diseases
#16
Iain L C Chapple, Philippe Bouchard, Maria Grazia Cagetti, Guglielmo Campus, Maria-Clotilde Carra, Fabio Cocco, Luigi Nibali, Philippe Hujoel, Marja L Laine, Peter Lingstrom, David J Manton, Eduardo Montero, Nigel Pitts, Hélène Rangé, Nadine Schlueter, Wim Teughels, Svante Twetman, Cor Van Loveren, Fridus Van der Weijden, Alexandre R Vieira, Andreas G Schulte
Periodontal diseases and dental caries are the most common diseases of humans and the main cause of tooth loss. Both diseases can lead to nutritional compromise and negative impacts upon self-esteem and quality of life. As complex chronic diseases, they share common risk factors, such as a requirement for a pathogenic plaque biofilm, yet they exhibit distinct pathophysiologies. Multiple exposures contribute to their causal pathways, and susceptibility involves risk factors that are inherited (e.g. genetic variants), and those that are acquired (e...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264828/potential-determinants-of-vitamin-d-in-finnish-adults-a-cross-sectional-study-from-the-northern-finland-birth-cohort-1966
#17
Saranya Palaniswamy, Elina Hyppönen, Dylan M Williams, Jari Jokelainen, Estelle Lowry, Sirkka Keinänen-Kiukaanniemi, Karl-Heinz Herzig, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, Sylvain Sebert
OBJECTIVE: Evidence from randomised controlled trials suggests that vitamin D may reduce multimorbidity, but very few studies have investigated specific determinants of vitamin D2 and D3 (two isoforms of 25-hydroxyvitamin D). The aim of the study was to investigate the determinants of vitamin D2 and D3 and to identify the risk factors associated with hypovitaminosis D. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966...
March 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259209/role-of-vitamin-d-in-intima-media-thickness-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#18
Bengur Taskiran, Guven B Cansu, Eylem Bahadir, Ruya Mutluay
Increased carotid intima media thickness indicates subclinical atherosclerosis. We evaluated the relation between vitamin D level and intima media thickness in patients with type 1 DM. 93 patients (female/male: 48/45, aged 31.5 ± 11.9 years, A1c 9.48 ± 2.43, vitamin D [15.9 (12.1-19.2)]) with type 1 DM were included into the study. Common carotid artery IMT was measured by real time B mode ultrasonography (MyLab 70 XVG, Esaote SpA, Genoa, Italy). Vitamin D was measured using radioimmunassay. Male and female patients (n = 14, 15%) had similar rates of plaque presence (p = 0...
April 2017: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245892/vitamin-d-deficiency-and-sufficiency-among-canadian-children-residing-at-high-latitude-following-the-revision-of-the-rda-of-vitamin-d-intake-in-2010
#19
Lalani L Munasinghe, Yan Yuan, Noreen D Willows, Erin L Faught, John P Ekwaru, Paul J Veugelers
Recently, countries at high latitudes have updated their vitamin D recommendations to ensure adequate intake for the musculoskeletal health of their respective populations. In 2010, the dietary guidelines for vitamin D for Canadians and Americans aged 1-70 years increased from 5 μg/d to 15 μg/d, whereas in 2016 for citizens of the UK aged ≥4 years 10 μg/d is recommended. The vitamin D status of Canadian children following the revised dietary guidelines is unknown. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the prevalence and determinants of vitamin D deficiency and sufficiency among Canadian children...
February 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244294/vitamin-d-and-urinary-incontinence-among-korean-women-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis-from-the-2008-2009-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#20
Hyo Serk Lee, Jun Ho Lee
A recent study investigated the role of vitamin D in urinary incontinence (UI). However, very few data are available on this topic. Therefore, we evaluated these relationships using nationally representative data from Korea. We included 6,451 women over the age of 20 years who had participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey IV. We conducted a propensity-matched study by identifying women with UI. Women without UI, matched for menopause, number of pregnancies, hypertension, diabetes, body mass index, age, stroke, asthma, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, were selected as a control group at a 2:1 ratio...
April 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
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