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relation vitamin d and obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684027/chronic-calcitriol-supplementation-improves-the-inflammatory-profiles-of-circulating-monocytes-and-the-associated-intestinal-adipose-tissue-alteration-in-a-diet-induced-steatohepatitis-rat-model
#1
Yen-Bo Su, Tzu-Hao Li, Chia-Chang Huang, Hung-Cheng Tsai, Shiang-Fen Huang, Yun-Cheng Hsieh, Ying-Ying Yang, Yi-Hsiang Huang, Ming-Chih Hou, Han-Chieh Lin
Vitamin D deficiency and up-regulated TNFα-related signals are reported to be involved in abnormalities including intestinal hyper-permeability, bacterial translocation, systemic/portal endotoxemia, intestinal/adipose tissue/hepatic inflammation, and hepatic steatosis in nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). This study aims to explore the molecular mechanisms and effects of chronic calcitriol [1,25-(OH)2D3, hormonal form of vitamin D] on gut-adipose tissue-liver axis abnormalities using a high-fat diet (HFD)-fed rat model of NASH...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652820/diet-quality-and-nutrient-intake-of-urban-overweight-and-obese-primarily-african-american-older-adults-with-osteoarthritis
#2
Sevasti Vergis, Linda Schiffer, Tiffany White, Andrew McLeod, Neda Khudeira, Andrew Demott, Marian Fitzgibbon, Susan Hughes, Lisa Tussing-Humphreys
Diet quality may be a unique target for preventing and managing obesity-related osteoarthritis (OA). Using the Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI-2010), this study examined the nutrient intake and diet quality of 400 urban overweight and obese primarily African American older adults with self-reported lower extremity OA. Associations between sociodemographic and health-related factors and diet quality were explored. Participants (mean age 67.8 years, SD 5.9) were included. Habitual dietary intake was assessed using a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ)...
April 13, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644951/vitamin-d-deficiency-and-insufficiency-among-us-adults-prevalence-predictors-and-clinical-implications
#3
Xuefeng Liu, Ana Baylin, Phillip D Levy
Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) and insufficiency (VDI) are increasing at a global level, and they are associated with increased risk of various diseases. However, little information is available on the prevalence and predictors of VDD and VDI in a representative population of US adults. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) measurements were collected from 26 010 adults aged ≥18 years from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2001-2010. Using thresholds recommended by the Endocrine Society, VDD was defined as 25(OH)D<50 nmol/l and VDI as 50≤25(OH)D<75 nmol/l...
April 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602840/vitamin-d-obesity-and-leptin-in-relation-to-bladder-cancer-incidence-and-survival-prospective-protocol-study
#4
Randi Elin Gislefoss, Jo Steinson Stenehjem, Helga Helseth Hektoen, Bettina Kulle Andreassen, Hilde Langseth, Karol Axcrona, Elisabete Weiderpass, Alison Mondul, Trude Eid Robsahm
INTRODUCTION: Bladder cancer (BC) (including renal pelvis, ureter and urethra) is one of the most common urogenital cancers and the fourth most frequent cancer in men in the USA. In Norway, the incidence of BC has increased over the last decades. The age-standardised incidence rates per 100 000 for 2011-2015 were 53.7 in men and 16.5 in women. Compared to the 5-year period 2006-2010, the percentage increase in incidence was 6.1% in men and 12.3% in women. The recurrence rate of BC is over 50%, the highest recurrence rate of any malignancy...
March 30, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576504/multiple-sclerosis
#5
REVIEW
Alan J Thompson, Sergio E Baranzini, Jeroen Geurts, Bernhard Hemmer, Olga Ciccarelli
Multiple sclerosis continues to be a challenging and disabling condition but there is now greater understanding of the underlying genetic and environmental factors that drive the condition, including low vitamin D levels, cigarette smoking, and obesity. Early and accurate diagnosis is crucial and is supported by diagnostic criteria, incorporating imaging and spinal fluid abnormalities for those presenting with a clinically isolated syndrome. Importantly, there is an extensive therapeutic armamentarium, both oral and by infusion, for those with the relapsing remitting form of the disease...
March 22, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567008/an-obesity-risk-assessment-tool-for-young-children-validity-with-bmi-and-nutrient-values
#6
Marilyn S Townsend, Mical K Shilts, Dennis M Styne, Christiana Drake, Louise Lanoue, Lenna Ontai
OBJECTIVE: Demonstrate validity and reliability for an obesity risk assessment tool for young children targeting families' modifiable home environments. DESIGN: Longitudinal design with data collected over 100 weeks. SETTING: Head Start and the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children. PARTICIPANTS: Parent-child pairs (n = 133) provided food behavior assessments; 3 child-modified, 24-hour dietary recalls; 3 ≥ 36-hour activity logs; and measured heights and weights...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558783/association-of-vitamin-d-levels-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-asian-indians-is-independent-of-obesity
#7
A Gupta, M Aslam, S Rathi, B K Mishra, S Bhardwaj, R Jhamb, S V Madhu
BACKGROUND: A large proportion of subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in India are non-obese. Asian-Indian subjects with diabetes have been shown to have low vitamin D levels. Whether low vitamin D levels and T2DM in Asian-Indians is attributable to the associated obesity as in caucasians is unclear. Hence we studied the association of vitamin D levels and T2DM in Asian-Indians with or without obesity. METHODS: Total of 213 subjects were recruited in four groups, group 1-Non-obese diabetic, group 2-Non-obese non-diabetic, group 3-Obese diabetic and group 4-Obese non-diabetic...
March 20, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525513/metabolically-healthy-obesity-vitamin-d-and-all-cause-and-cardiometabolic-mortality-risk-in-nhanes-iii
#8
Banaz Al-Khalidi, Samantha M Kimball, Jennifer L Kuk, Chris I Ardern
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Previous studies assessing the prognosis of metabolically healthy obesity (MHO) have been limited by a lack of a harmonized definition of MHO phenotype. Furthermore, obesity is a risk factor for vitamin D deficiency and low vitamin D status has been associated with a higher risk of mortality; however, few studies have evaluated the joint association between vitamin D, metabolic health phenotype, and mortality risk. Using a harmonized definition, we investigated whether MHO is associated with subsequent all-cause and cardiometabolic mortality, and whether serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] modifies these associations...
March 2, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521181/obesity-related-metabolic-and-endocrine-disorders-diagnosed-during-postoperative-follow-up-of-slipped-capital-femoral-epiphysis
#9
Hanifi Ucpunar, Ismet Yalkin Camurcu, Serda Duman, Esra Ucpunar, Hakan Sofu, Avni Ilhan Bayhan
Background and purpose - Patients with slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) are phenotypically overweight or obese and may therefore require clinical follow-up of obesity-related disorders. We evaluated obesity-related disorders such as dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), and vitamin-D deficiency during the postoperative period in patients with SCFE. Patients and methods - 51 patients who were operated and followed-up for SCFE and 62 healthy adolescents without SCFE (control group) were included in this retrospective study...
March 9, 2018: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514138/effects-of-gene-variants-controlling-vitamin-d-metabolism-and-serum-levels-on-hepatic-steatosis
#10
Małgorzata Jamka, Anita Arslanow, Annika Bohner, Marcin Krawczyk, Susanne N Weber, Frank Grünhage, Frank Lammert, Caroline S Stokes
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Common genetic variations in vitamin D metabolism are associated with liver stiffness. Whether these genes are implicated in hepatic steatosis remains unclear. Here we aimed to analyse the association of common vitamin D pathway gene variants with liver steatosis. METHODS: Liver steatosis was assessed non-invasively in 241 patients with chronic liver conditions by controlled attenuation parameter (CAP). The following polymorphisms were genotyped using TaqMan assays: group-specific component (GC) rs7041, 7-dehydrocholesterol reductase (DHCR7) rs12785878, cytochrome P450 2R1 (CYP2R1) rs10741657, -vitamin D receptor (VDR) rs7974353...
March 7, 2018: Digestion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490638/dietary-patterns-are-influenced-by-socio-demographic-conditions-of-women-in-childbearing-age-a-cohort-study-of-pregnant-women
#11
Juliana Araujo Teixeira, Teresa Gontijo Castro, Cameron C Grant, Clare R Wall, Ana Lúcia da Silva Castro, Rossana Pulcineli Vieira Francisco, Sandra Elisabete Vieira, Silvia Regina Dias Medici Saldiva, Dirce Maria Marchioni
BACKGROUND: Women's health during their reproductive years and whilst pregnant has implications for their children's health, both in utero and during childhood. Associations of women's pre-pregnancy dietary patterns (DP) with maternal socio-demographic characteristics and nutrient intake were investigated in ProcriAr cohort study in São Paulo/Brazil, 2012. METHODS: The DPs of 454 women were investigated by principal component factor analysis, using dietary information from a validated 110-item food frequency questionnaire...
March 1, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475214/micro-environment-and-intracellular-metabolism-modulation-of-adipose-tissue-macrophage-polarization-in-relation-to-chronic-inflammatory-diseases
#12
REVIEW
Xiao Zhu, Yixuan Tu, Hainan Chen, Ampadu O Jackson, Vaibhav Patel, Kai Yin
BACKGROUND: The accumulation and pro-inflammatory polarization of immune cells, mainly macrophages, in adipose tissue (AT) are considered crucial factors for obesity-induced chronic inflammatory diseases. SCOPE OF REVIEW: In this review, we highlighted the role of adipose tissue macrophage (ATM) polarization on AT function in the obese state and the effect of the micro-environment and intracellular metabolism on the dynamic switch of ATMs into their pro-inflammatory or anti-inflammatory phenotypes, which may have distinct influences on obesity-related chronic inflammatory diseases...
February 23, 2018: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382185/genetic-variations-in-sweet-taste-receptor-gene-are-related-to-chocolate-powder-and-dietary-fiber-intake-in-obese-children-and-adolescents
#13
Marina B Pioltine, Maria Edna de Melo, Aritânia S Santos, Alisson D Machado, Ariana E Fernandes, Clarissa T Fujiwara, Cintia Cercato, Marcio C Mancini
Childhood obesity is a major public health problem. It has a direct impact on the quality of life of children and adolescents, as well as on their future risk of developing chronic diseases. Dietary patterns rich in fats and sugars and lacking dietary fibers, vitamins, and minerals, as well as lack of physical exercise have been associated with the rise of obesity prevalence. However, factors that contribute to the preference for foods rich in these nutrients are not well established. Taste is recognized as an important predictor of food choices, and polymorphisms in taste-related genes may explain the variability of taste preference and food intake...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Personalized Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334717/-the-ten-year-retrospect-of-nutrition-and-health-status-of-pregnant-women-in-china
#14
C X Dong, S A Yin
Improvement of the nutrition and health status of pregnant women should be one of the top priority strategies of improving the physical fitness of next generation and reserve of talented person for national sustainable development. This paper reviews the nutrition and health status of pregnant women in China over the recent ten years and discusses the underlying factors and changing trends. The most popular nutrition-related problem is dietary imbalance, and many micronutrient intakes are lower than the recommended dietary intakes or adequate intakes, and some of nutrient intakes are still at a very low level for a long time such as vitamin D and calcium...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281967/the-effects-of-vitamin-d-administration-on-brain-inflammatory-markers-in-high-fat-diet-induced-obese-rats
#15
Mahdieh Abbasalizad Farhangi, Mehran Mesgari-Abbasi, Ghazaleh Nameni, Ghazaleh Hajiluian, Parviz Shahabi
BACKGROUND: Obesity induced brain inflammation is associated with cognitive disorders. We aimed to investigate the influence of vitamin D on hypothalamus and hippocampus inflammatory response in high-fat diet induced obese rats. METHODS: In the beginning of the study, 40 rats were divided into two groups: control diet and high fat diet (HFD) for 16 weeks; then each group subdivided into two groups including: N, ND + vitamin D, HFD and HFD + vitamin D. Vitamin D supplementation was done for 5 weeks at 500 IU/kg dosage...
December 28, 2017: BMC Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273017/vitamin-d-levels-in-schoolchildren-a-cross-sectional-study-in-kuwait
#16
Khulood Othman Alyahya
BACKGROUND: Ongoing studies in the Middle East, particularly in the Arabian Gulf countries, have reported extremely low levels of serum vitamin D across age and gender. In Kuwait, vitamin D deficiency is prevalent in adolescent girls and in adult women. A number of risk factors have been reported, among which gender, age, and obesity are a few. Because adequate vitamin D status is necessary to promote bone mineral accrual in childhood, and because low vitamin D levels have been associated with a wide range of health problems, there is concern that growing children with low vitamin D may be at higher risk for developing diseases...
December 22, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238479/vitamin-d-receptor-gene-polymorphisms-as-a-risk-factor-for-obesity-in-saudi-men
#17
Ayman Saeed Al-Hazmi, Mazin Mohammed Al-Mehmadi, Sarah Mohammad Al-Bogami, Ashjan Ali Shami, Ahmed Ali Al-Askary, Anas Mohammad Alomery, Saad Saeed Al-Shehri, Haytham Dahlawi, Khadija Abdulrazag, Tariq Ali, Abdalaziz Al-Bogami, Emad Sheshah, Abdalaziz Al-Mutairi, Salh Al-Suhimi, Faris Alharb
Background: The prevalence of obesity and vitamin D deficiency in Saudi Arabia has increased recently. Decreased physical activity might play a role in obesity. Previous studies showed an association between low vitamin D level and its receptor polymorphism with obesity development. Objective: To determine association of low vitamin D level and its receptor polymorphism with obesity in Saudi men. Methods: This case control study was carried out from March 2016 through March 2017...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235126/relationships-of-serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-ionized-calcium-and-parathyroid-hormone-after-obesity-surgery
#18
Stephen Hewitt, Erlend Tuseth Aasheim, Torgeir Thorson Søvik, Jørgen Jahnsen, Jon Kristinsson, Erik Fink Eriksen, Tom Mala
OBJECTIVE: The high prevalence of secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) after obesity surgery is a concern for long-term bone health. Limited knowledge exists about optimal vitamin D and suppression of parathyroid hormone (PTH) after these procedures. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of SHPT and its relation to vitamin D status. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study at Oslo University Hospital, Norway. PATIENTS: A total of 502 consecutive patients, age 22-64 years, attending 2-year follow-up after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass...
March 2018: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204255/bariatric-surgery-and-long-term-nutritional-issues
#19
REVIEW
Roberta Lupoli, Erminia Lembo, Gennaro Saldalamacchia, Claudia Kesia Avola, Luigi Angrisani, Brunella Capaldo
Bariatric surgery is recognized as a highly effective therapy for obesity since it accomplishes sustained weight loss, reduction of obesity-related comorbidities and mortality, and improvement of quality of life. Overall, bariatric surgery is associated with a 42% reduction of the cardiovascular risk and 30% reduction of all-cause mortality. This review focuses on some nutritional consequences that can occur in bariatric patients that could potentially hinder the clinical benefits of this therapeutic option...
November 15, 2017: World Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202779/correlates-of-poor-mental-health-in-early-pregnancy-in-obese-european-women
#20
Matteo C Sattler, Judith G M Jelsma, Annick Bogaerts, David Simmons, Gernot Desoye, Rosa Corcoy, Juan M Adelantado, Alexandra Kautzky-Willer, Jürgen Harreiter, Frans A van Assche, Roland Devlieger, Goele Jans, Sander Galjaard, David Hill, Peter Damm, Elisabeth R Mathiesen, Ewa Wender-Ozegowska, Agnieszka Zawiejska, Kinga Blumska, Annunziata Lapolla, Maria G Dalfrà, Alessandra Bertolotto, Fidelma Dunne, Dorte M Jensen, Lise Lotte T Andersen, Frank J Snoek, Mireille N M van Poppel
BACKGROUND: Depression during pregnancy is associated with higher maternal morbidity and mortality, and subsequent possible adverse effects on the cognitive, emotional and behavioral development of the child. The aim of the study was to identify maternal characteristics associated with poor mental health, in a group of overweight/obese pregnant women in nine European countries, and thus, to contribute to better recognition and intervention for maternal depression. METHODS: In this cross-sectional observational study, baseline data from early pregnancy (< 20 weeks) of the DALI (Vitamin D and Lifestyle Intervention for gestational diabetes mellitus prevention) study were analyzed...
December 4, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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