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relation vitamin d and obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040951/perfluoroalkyl-substances-bone-density-and-cardio-metabolic-risk-factors-in-obese-8-12-year-old-children-a-pilot-study
#1
Naila Khalil, James R Ebert, Masato Honda, Miryoung Lee, Ramzi W Nahhas, Antti Koskela, Thomas Hangartner, Kurunthachalam Kannan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs), including perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS), perfluorohexane sulfonic acid (PFHxS), and perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA), have been associated with adverse bone, and metabolic changes in adults. However association of PFASs with bone health in children is understudied. Considering their role as endocrine disruptors, we examined relationships of four PFASs with bone health in children. METHODS: In a cross sectional pilot study, 48 obese children aged 8-12 years were enrolled from Dayton's Children Hospital, Ohio...
October 14, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036551/comparative-study-of-the-growth-and-nutritional-status-of-brazilian-and-nigerian-school-aged-children-with-sickle-cell-disease
#2
Samuel A Adegoke, Maria S Figueiredo, Adekunle D Adekile, Josefina A P Braga
Background: Comparative studies of patients in different sociogeographic/ecological zones may unravel potential environmental and nutritional factors influencing disease phenotype. In sickle cell disease (SCD), differential access to comprehensive care may influence their growth and nutritional status. Methods: From June 2015 to February 2016, steady-state nutritional parameters of 109 Brazilian and 95 Nigerian children with SCD attending routine clinic visits at Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Brazil and Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital, Ile-Ife (Ilesa unit), respectively, were compared...
September 28, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032145/genetic-association-analysis-of-vitamin-d-receptor-gene-polymorphisms-and-obesity-related-phenotypes
#3
Correa-Rodríguez María, Carrillo-Ávila Jose Antonio, Schmidt-RioValle Jacqueline, González-Jiménez Emilio, Vargas Sofia, Martin Javier, Rueda-Medina Blanca
Vitamin D has been established as a key factor in the development of obesity through the vitamin D receptor (VDR). The aim of this study was to investigate the contribution of the VDR gene to obesity-related phenotypes in a population of Caucasian young adults. The study population consisted of 701 healthy Spanish young adults (mean age 20.41±2.48). Three single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of VDR (TaqI, BsmI and FokI) were selected as genetic markers. Body composition measurements including weight, body mass index (BMI), fat mass (FM), percentage of fat mass (PFM), fat-free mass (FFM) and visceral fat level (VFL) were analysed...
October 12, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985441/effects-and-associations-of-nutrition-in-patients-with-venous-leg-ulcers-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Georgina A Barber, Carolina D Weller, Simone J Gibson
AIMS: To identify the associations and effects of nutritional characteristics and interventions on ulcer outcomes in adult patients with venous leg ulcers. BACKGROUND: Venous leg ulcers are the most prevalent type of lower limb ulcer, however little evidence exists regarding the relationship between nutritional status and ulcer healing. DESIGN: A systematic search of English language articles was conducted using the Cochrane Collaboration Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974732/intermediate-and-low-abundant-protein-analysis-of-vitamin-d-deficient-obese-and-non-obese-subjects-by-maldi-profiling
#5
Nasser M Al-Daghri, Enrica Torretta, Daniele Capitanio, Chiara Fania, Franca Rosa Guerini, Shaun B Sabico, Mario Clerici, Cecilia Gelfi
Obesity is a pathological condition caused by genetic and environmental factors, including vitamin D deficiency, which increases the risk of developing cardiovascular disorders and diabetes. This case-control study was designed to verify whether serum profiles could be identified differentiating obese and non-obese Saudis characterized by vitamin D deficiency and pathological levels of triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and high total cholesterol levels. The serum protein profiles of 64 vitamin D deficient (serum 25(OH)D < 50nmol/L) individuals with metabolic syndrome and with (n = 31; BMI ≥ 30) or without (n = 33; BMI < 30) obesity were analyzed by a quantitative label-free mass spectrometry approach (MALDI-profiling), combined with different serum immunodepletion strategies (Human7 and Human14 immuno-chromatographies), to analyze the intermediate- and low-abundant protein components...
October 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947887/link-between-diet-and-chemotherapy-related-gastrointestinal-side-effects
#6
Marcin Mardas, Radosław Madry, Marta Stelmach-Mardas
AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate an association between food products consumption, dietary intake and the incidence of selected gastrointestinal symptoms (nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and constipation) in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty six women receiving chemotherapy for ovarian cancer were eligible for the study. Anthropometrical measurements were assessed. The dietary intake was evaluated by 24-hours food records. The association between the consumption of selected food products and gastrointestinal symptoms incidences was assessed by modified semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire including 77-different food items that was developed and applied in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy...
2017: Contemporary Oncology Współczesna Onkologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938455/bile-acid-alterations-are-associated-with-insulin-resistance-but-not-with-nash-in-obese-subjects
#7
Vanessa Legry, Sven Francque, Joel T Haas, An Verrijken, Sandrine Caron, Oscar Chávez-Talavera, Emmanuelle Vallez, Luisa Vonghia, Eveline Dirinck, Ann Verhaegen, Mostafa Kouach, Sophie Lestavel, Philippe Lefebvre, Luc Van Gaal, Anne Tailleux, Réjane Paumelle, Bart Staels
Context: Bile acids (BA) are signalling molecules controlling energy homeostasis which can be both toxic and protective for the liver. BA alterations have been reported in obesity, insulin resistance (IR) and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). However whether BA alterations contribute to NASH independently of the metabolic status is unclear. Objective: To assess BA alterations associated with NASH independently of BMI and IR. Design & Setting: Patients visiting the obesity clinic of the Antwerp University Hospital (a tertiary referral facility) were recruited from 2006 to 2014...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921422/high-incidence-of-secondary-hyperparathyroidism-in-bariatric-patients-comparing-different-procedures
#8
Jih-Hua Wei, Wei-Jei Lee, Keong Chong, Yi-Chih Lee, Shu-Chun Chen, Po-Hsun Huang, Shing-Jong Lin
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is an effective therapy for morbid obesity but may reduce calcium absorption and significantly decrease the bone mineral density. This study examined the prevalence of secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) in obese subjects during follow-up after different bariatric surgeries. We investigated predictors of SHPT. METHODS: We enrolled 1470 obese subjects undergoing bariatric/metabolic surgery with at least 1-year follow-up, including 322 patients undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), 695 undergoing single anastomosis (mini-) gastric bypass (SAGB), 93 undergoing laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB), and 360 undergoing sleeve gastrectomy (SG)...
September 18, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918614/modifiable-co-morbidities-trends-during-hospital-admissions-for-obesity-in-france-2009-2014
#9
Pierre Nanyan
Obesity is a growing public health problem in France, but modifiable co-morbidities in obese patients during their hospital admissions excluding bariatric surgery are lacking. Data were extracted from the French national hospital discharge database. Data on patient admissions, age, gender, and length of stay were extracted by selecting any stay coded primary as obesity. Obesity was defined as body mass index (BMI) between 30-39 kg/m², and morbid obesity as BMI≥40 kg/m². Only modifiable co-morbidities frequently diagnosed during the 6-year period with a rate≥3% were chosen...
July 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906453/vitamin-d-supplementation-and-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-present-and-future
#10
REVIEW
Ilaria Barchetta, Flavia Agata Cimini, Maria Gisella Cavallo
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common chronic hepatic disease throughout the Western world and is recognized as the main cause of cryptogenic cirrhosis; however, the identification of an effective therapy for NAFLD is still a major challenge. Vitamin D deficiency is a wide-spread condition which reaches epidemic proportions in industrialized countries, mainly in relation to current lifestyle and limited dietary sources. Epidemiological studies point towards an association between hypovitaminosis D and the presence of NAFLD and steatohepatitis (NASH), independently of confounders such as obesity and insulin resistance...
September 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899715/the-relationship-between-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-concentration-and-liver-enzymes-in-overweight-or-obese-adults-cross-sectional-and-interventional-outcomes
#11
Negar Naderpoor, Aya Mousa, Maximilian de Courten, Robert Scragg, Barbora de Courten
Vitamin D deficiency is prevalent in individuals with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. However, there is limited and inconsistent data on the effect of vitamin D supplementation on liver function. Hepatic enzymes have been used as surrogate markers for NAFLD and have been associated with metabolic syndrome. We examined the relationships between 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and γ-glutamyl transferase (GGT), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) in 120 drug-naïve individuals with no history of liver disease...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895587/a-new-animal-diet-based-on-human-western-diet-is-a-robust-diet-induced-obesity-model-comparison-to-high-fat-and-cafeteria-diets-in-term-of-metabolic-and-gut-microbiota-disruption
#12
R C Bortolin, A R Vargas, J Gasparotto, P R Chaves, C E Schnorr, K da Boit Martinello, A K Silveira, T K Rabelo, D P Gelain, J C F Moreira
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Obesity is a metabolic disorder that predisposes patients to numerous diseases and has become a major global public-health concern. Animal models of diet-induced obesity (DIO) are frequently used to study obesity, but which DIO model most accurately reflects the pathology of human obesity remains unclear. In this study, we designed a diet based on the human Western diet (WD) and compared it with the cafeteria diet (CAF) and high-fat diet (HFD) in order to evaluate which diet most closely mirrors human obesity...
September 12, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875607/the-role-of-overweight-and-obesity-on-bone-health-in-korean-adolescents-with-a-focus-on-lean-and-fat-mass
#13
Hwa Young Kim, Hae Woon Jung, Hyunsook Hong, Jae Hyun Kim, Choong Ho Shin, Sei Won Yang, Young Ah Lee
As the associations between pediatric overweight/obesity and bone health remain controversial, we investigated the effects of overweight/obesity as well as lean mass (LM) and fat mass (FM) on bone parameters in adolescents. Bone parameters were evaluated using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) data of 982 adolescents (aged 12-19 years) from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2009-2010). Z-scores for LM, FM, bone mass, bone mineral density (BMD), and bone mineral apparent density (BMAD) using Korean pediatric reference values were used for analysis...
October 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863873/evaluation-of-the-associations-between-immunoglobulin-e-levels-and-the-number-of-natural-teeth
#14
Kyungdo Han, Eunjoo Lee, Jun-Beom Park
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the association between the number of natural teeth and the total serum immunoglobulin E (IgE), allergen-specific IgE against Dermatophagoides farina, allergen-specific IgE against cockroaches, or allergen-specific IgE against dogs with nationally representative data using the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). METHODS: This study involved a cross-sectional analysis using KNHANES data from 2010...
August 29, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843242/relationship-between-vitamin-d-deficiency-and-markers-of-metabolic-syndrome-among-overweight-and-obese-adults
#15
Fatemeh Kaseb, Kimia Haghighyfard, Maryam-Sadat Salami, Akram Ghadiri-Anari
In recent years, metabolic syndrome, obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease has had a tremendous elevation growth. Many studies have demonstrated negative correlation between vitamin D deficiency and indexes of metabolic syndrome in obese patients. This study was designed to find the relation between vitamin D deficiency and markers of metabolic syndrome among overweight and obese adults referred to obesity center of Shahid Sadoughi hospital in 2014. Eighty-nine overweight and obese adults (79 women and 10 men), who 13 subjects were overweight and 76 subjects were obese were recruited in this cross-sectional study...
June 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826845/association-between-dietary-energy-density-and-obesity-associated-cancer-results-from-the-women-s-health-initiative
#16
Cynthia A Thomson, Tracy E Crane, David O Garcia, Betsy C Wertheim, Melanie Hingle, Linda Snetselaar, Mridul Datta, Thomas Rohan, Erin LeBlanc, Rowan T Chlebowski, Lihong Qi
BACKGROUND: Dietary energy density (DED) is the ratio of energy (kilocalories or kilojoules) intake to food weight (grams) and is a measure of diet quality. Consumption of foods high in DED has been associated with weight gain in adults. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between baseline DED and incident obesity-associated cancers in the Women's Health Initiative. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study of clinical trial and observational study participants...
August 8, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809195/pok%C3%A3-mon-go-why-augmented-reality-games-offer-insights-for-enhancing-public-health-interventions-on-obesity-related-diseases
#17
Ming Chao Wong, Paul Turner, Kate MacIntyre, Kwang Chien Yee
Stimulating widespread interests of the population to participate in behavioural changes through information and technology has been an aim of much health informatics research. The recent widespread participation of the augmented reality game Pokémon Go which encourages exercises, provides significant insights into the potential of information technology to improve healthcare intervention on obesity-related disease. Does Pokémon Go point to another way of achieving health benefits using mobile devices? This paper analyses the features of Pokémon Go in relation to potential health benefits...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803880/vitamin-d-and-symptoms-of-depression-in-overweight-or-obese-adults-a-cross-sectional-study-and-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#18
Aya Mousa, Negar Naderpoor, Maximilian P J de Courten, Barbora de Courten
Recent evidence suggests that vitamin D deficiency may contribute to increased risk of depression. However, previous studies are limited by variability in participant characteristics including vitamin D deficiency status and presence of existing diseases, use of low doses of vitamin D supplementation for short durations, and use of co-interventions or psychotropic drugs. We examined whether 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations were associated with symptoms of depression, as well as whether vitamin D supplementation reduced symptoms of depression in overweight or obese and vitamin D-deficient, but otherwise healthy adults...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796313/lean-body-mass-and-creatine-kinase-is-associated-with-reduced-inflammation-in-obesity
#19
Svein I Bekkelund, Rolf Jorde
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is associated with inflammation, but the role of lean mass and creatine kinase (CK) on the inflammatory process is less known. We investigated the associations between lean mass, CK and fat mass upon inflammatory parameters in an overweight and obese adult population. METHODS: Body composition measured with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), CK and supplementary clinical parameters were measured in 454 overweight and obese individuals...
August 10, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775375/the-relationship-between-maternal-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-status-in-pregnancy-and-childhood-adiposity-and-allergy-an-observational-study
#20
V T Boyle, E B Thorstensen, J M D Thompson, L M E McCowan, E A Mitchell, K M Godfrey, L Poston, C R Wall, R Murphy, W Cutfield, T Kenealy, L C Kenny, P N Baker
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D insufficiency (defined as <75 nmol l(-1)) is widespread among pregnant women around the world and has been proposed to influence offspring outcomes in childhood and into adult life, including adiposity and allergy. Disorders, including asthma and eczema, are on the rise among children. Our aim was to investigate the relationship between maternal 25-hydroxyvitamin D status in pregnancy and offspring adiposity, asthma and eczema in childhood. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Maternal 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations were analysed in serum samples collected at 15 weeks' gestation from 1710 participants of the prospective Screening for Pregnancy Endpoints cohort study...
August 4, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
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