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relation vitamin d and obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086850/the-prevalence-trend-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components-and-risk-factors-in-korean-adults-results-from-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2013
#1
Binh Thang Tran, Bo Yoon Jeong, Jin-Kyoung Oh
BACKGROUND: Abnormalities in the clinical markers of metabolic syndrome (MS) are associated with the development of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and some cancers. MS prevalence in Korea increased between the mid-1990s and mid-2000s; however, no data on the recent trends of MS prevalence are available. Thus, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of MS, the five components of MS, and the related risk factors in Korean adults by using recent data. METHODS: Data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted between 2008 and 2013 were used...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071033/an-analysis-of-the-meal-pattern-at-the-nutrient-level-in-polish-women
#2
Marta Stelmach-Mardas, Marcin Mardas, Wojciech Warchoł, Paweł Bogdański
BACKGROUND: Before the 1990's, access to a variety of foods in Eastern Europe was limited, which could have influenced the currently analyzed dietary behaviors pertaining to overweight and obesity development. The aim of this study was to describe the daily profile of meal patterns in Polish women aged 50-70 at the nutrient level. METHODS: The anthropometrical parameters of four-hundred and fifty Polish women aged 50-70 were assessed. Three 24-hour dietary recalls and validated questionnaires regarding socio-demographic-economic status and meal frequency were applied...
July 2016: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057118/-the-nutrition-status-of-lactating-women-in-china
#3
C X Dong, S A Yin
Nutritional status of lactating women is considered to be a quantitative indicator reflecting the status of reproductive health. To improve nutrition status of lactating women and promote breastfeeding through targeted intervention measures, their dietary and nutritional situations, and related problems, should be fully understood. Generally, energy and macronutrient intake of lactating women can reach or exceed recommended levels, especially during the first month postpartum. However, the intake of some micronutrients is difficult to meet the requirement...
December 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977406/vitamin-d-supplementation-the-metabolic-syndrome-and-oxidative-stress-in-obese-children
#4
Tal Grunwald, Shruti Fadia, Bruce Bernstein, Matthew Naliborski, Shufang Wu, Francesco De Luca
BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggest that vitamin D may play a role in cardiovascular and metabolic health. Oxidative stress has also been implicated in the development of cardiovascular disease. Evidence suggests that vitamin D deficiency may contribute to the occurrence of oxidative stress. This study aimed to determine whether treatment and correction of vitamin D deficiency in obese children led to changes in their metabolic profile, independent of changes in adiposity. In addition, we aimed to determine whether vitamin D deficiency and oxidative stress are causally related in obese children...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973382/lower-insulin-sensitivity-is-related-to-lower-relative-muscle-cross-sectional-area-lower-muscle-density-and-lower-handgrip-force-in-young-and-middle-aged-non-diabetic-men
#5
T Gysel, C Tonoli, S Pardaens, D Cambier, J-M Kaufman, H-G Zmierczak, S Goemaere, B Lapauw, P Calders
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated whether an association between insulin resistance (IR) and muscle parameters is appreciable in young healthy men, independent of obesity. Furthermore, markers of muscle metabolism and hormones/possible determinants, were explored. METHODS: 358 healthy young men were divided into a less and more insulin sensitive (LIS [age=33.2±5.4, BMI=23.4±2.3] and MIS [age=35.5±5.3, BMI=28.1±3.7]) group based on upper and lower quartile of HOMA-IR...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Musculoskeletal & Neuronal Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964863/vitamin-d-status-of-male-osas-patients-improved-after-long-term-cpap-treatment-mainly-in-obese-subjects
#6
Claudio Liguori, Francesca Izzi, Nicola Biagio Mercuri, Andrea Romigi, Alberto Cordella, Umberto Tarantino, Fabio Placidi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of one-year useful continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment on serum vitamin D levels in middle-aged men affected by obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). METHODS: This is a secondary investigation related to a previously published observational study about the effect of short-term CPAP therapy on serum vitamin D levels in severe OSAS (Apnea-Hypopnea Index - AHI- >30/h) patients. In the present study, we included patients participating to the previous investigation who repeated serum vitamin D assessment after one year of useful CPAP treatment, and compared to control a group of OSAS patients with scarce compliance to CPAP treatment...
November 3, 2016: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958255/evaluation-of-serum-vitamin-b12-level-and-related-nutritional-status-among-apparently-healthy-obese-female-individuals
#7
D Baltaci, M H Deler, Y Turker, F Ermis, D Iliev, U Velioglu
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is a major public health problem and great risk for not only cardiovascular diseases but also cancer, musculoskeletal, and gynecological diseases. This study was aimed to investigate the association between serum Vitamin B12 (vitB12), body mass index (BMI), and nutritional status among obese women. METHODS: This cross-sectional study enrolled consecutive female subjects. The consumptions of red meat, fish, bovine liver, egg, and mushroom were recorded...
January 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941357/nutrient-deficiencies-prior-to-bariatric-surgery
#8
Lori R Roust, John K DiBaise
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to provide an update of recent additions to our understanding of the prevalence of nutrient deficiencies and the potential role of preoperative weight loss in contributing to these deficiencies in obese individuals planning to undergo bariatric surgery. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent reports that have included bariatric surgery candidates from sites around the world have shown consistent deficiencies in a variety of nutrients...
December 9, 2016: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934854/interactions-between-genetic-lifestyle-and-environmental-risk-factors-for-multiple-sclerosis
#9
REVIEW
Tomas Olsson, Lisa F Barcellos, Lars Alfredsson
Genetic predisposition to multiple sclerosis (MS) only explains a fraction of the disease risk; lifestyle and environmental factors are key contributors to the risk of MS. Importantly, these nongenetic factors can influence pathogenetic pathways, and some of them can be modified. Besides established MS-associated risk factors - high latitude, female sex, smoking, low vitamin D levels caused by insufficient sun exposure and/or dietary intake, and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection - strong evidence now supports obesity during adolescence as a factor increasing MS risk...
January 2017: Nature Reviews. Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876009/lifestyle-medication-and-socio-demographic-determinants-of-mental-and-physical-health-related-quality-of-life-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#10
George A Jelinek, Alysha M De Livera, Claudia H Marck, Chelsea R Brown, Sandra L Neate, Keryn L Taylor, Tracey J Weiland
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (QOL) is a key outcome for people with multiple sclerosis (MS). While modifiable lifestyle factors, like smoking, physical activity and vitamin D, have strong associations with development and progression of MS, few studies have examined such associations with QOL. METHODS: Using patient-reported data from 2312 people with MS from 54 countries, regression models explored associations of socio-demographic, therapeutic and lifestyle factors with QOL, using the Multiple Sclerosis Quality of Life-54 (MSQOL-54)...
November 22, 2016: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864670/relationship-between-vitamin-d-deficiency-and-the-components-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-patients-with-morbid-obesity-before-and-1%C3%A2-year-after-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-or-sleeve-gastrectomy
#11
Ana Obispo Entrenas, David Legupin Tubio, Fabiola Lucena Navarro, Francisco Martin Carvajal, Norberto Gandara Adan, Maximino Redondo Bautista, Jimena Abiles Osinaga
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) is associated with obesity and metabolic syndrome (MS). After bariatric surgery (BS), high rates of VDD often persist and some patients are refractory to the resolution of comorbidities. The aim of the present study is to analyse the relationship between the levels of vitamin D and the persistence of MS components at 12 months after BS, according to the surgical technique used. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of 46 patients undergoing BS: 23 underwent laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGBP) and 23 laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG)...
November 18, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860112/race-or-vitamin-d-a-determinant-of-intima-media-thickness-in-obese-adolescents
#12
Fida Bacha, Silva A Arslanian
OBJECTIVE: Carotid intima media thickness (IMT), a predictor of cardiovascular events, is reported to be higher in African-American (AA) vs White (AW) individuals. We investigated whether racial differences in IMT in obese adolescents could be explained by differences in 25 hydroxy-vitamin D [25(OH)D]. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 63 obese adolescents had 25(OH)D levels, determination of IMT, body composition, insulin sensitivity (IS) by hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp, lipids and blood pressure (BP)...
November 17, 2016: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852618/relation-between-milk-fat-percentage-vitamin-d-and-bmi-z-score-in-early-childhood
#13
Shelley M Vanderhout, Catherine S Birken, Patricia C Parkin, Gerald Lebovic, Yang Chen, Deborah L O'Connor, Jonathon L Maguire
BACKGROUND: Fortified cow milk is a material contributor of vitamin D and dietary fat in children. Recommendations for children >2 y of age advise reduced milk-fat consumption to reduce childhood obesity, yet the relation between lower milk fat, vitamin D stores, and body mass index (BMI) is unclear. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to explore the association between milk-fat percentage and both BMI z score (zBMI) and venous 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D]; the secondary objective was to assess whether milk volume consumed modified this relation...
December 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837387/vitamin-d3-loading-is-superior-to-conventional-supplementation-after-weight-loss-surgery-in-vitamin-d-deficient-morbidly-obese-patients-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#14
Maria Luger, Renate Kruschitz, Christian Kienbacher, Stefan Traussnigg, Felix B Langer, Gerhard Prager, Karin Schindler, Enikö Kallay, Friedrich Hoppichler, Michael Trauner, Michael Krebs, Rodrig Marculescu, Bernhard Ludvik
BACKGROUND: Bariatric patients often suffer from vitamin D deficiency (VDD), and both, morbid obesity and VDD, are related to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. However, limited data are available regarding best strategies for treating VDD, particularly, in bariatric patients undergoing omega-loop gastric bypass (OLGB). Therefore, we examined the efficacy and safety of a forced vitamin D dosing regimen and intervention effects in liver fibrotic patients. METHODS: In this double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial, 50 vitamin D-deficient patients undergoing OLGB were randomly assigned to receive, in the first month postoperatively, oral vitamin D3 (≤3 doses of 100,000 IU; intervention group) or placebo as loading dose (control group) with subsequent maintenance dose (3420 IU/day) in both groups until 6-month visit...
November 12, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833859/associations-of-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-with-markers-of-inflammation-insulin-resistance-and-obesity-in-black-and-white-community-dwelling-adults
#15
Jennifer L Jackson, Suzanne E Judd, Bhupesh Panwar, Virginia J Howard, Virginia G Wadley, Nancy S Jenny, Orlando M Gutiérrez
AIMS: Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin classically known for its role in calcium absorption and bone health. Growing evidence indicates that vitamin D deficiency may be associated with inflammation, insulin resistance, and obesity. However, prior studies examining the association of vitamin D with metabolic risk factors had relatively low representation of individuals of black race, limiting their ability to characterize associations of vitamin D and parameters of metabolic health in black vs...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827910/the-effect-of-serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-concentrations-on-elevated-serum-c-reactive-protein-concentrations-in-normal-weight-overweight-and-obese-participants-of-a-preventive-health-program
#16
Silmara S B S Mastroeni, Lalani L Munasinghe, Truong-Minh Pham, Sarah A Loehr, John Paul Ekwaru, Marco F Mastroeni, Paul J Veugelers
The hypothesized effect of vitamin D on C-reactive protein (CRP) has received substantial attention as a potential means to alleviate the risk for cardiovascular disease. However, observational studies have been inconsistent in their reporting of associations between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and CRP concentrations, and trials and meta analyses have been inconsistent in their conclusions regarding the effect of vitamin D supplementation on CRP concentrations. These supplementation trials were mostly conducted among patients with more or less inflammatory complications and did not consider potential distinctive effects by weight status...
November 4, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776717/metabolically-obese-individuals-of-normal-weight-have-a-high-risk-of-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-deficiency
#17
Xiaoli Wang, Xiangyun Chang, Yurong Zhu, Huan Wang, Kan Sun
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D status is related to obesity-related metabolic disorders. We investigated the risk of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] deficiency among different metabolic phenotypes. METHODS: This prospective cross-sectional study evaluated 1,292 individuals who were ≥40 years old. Participants were classified as metabolically healthy and normal weight (MHNW), metabolically obese but normal weight (MONW), metabolically healthy but obese (MHO) or metabolically unhealthy and obese (MUO)...
October 2016: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721113/a-vitamin-d-pathway-gene-gene-interaction-affects-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-levels
#18
Nathália Grave, Luciana Tovo-Rodrigues, Janaína da Silveira, Diego Luiz Rovaris, Simone Morelo Dal Bosco, Verônica Contini, Júlia Pasqualini Genro
Much evidence suggests an association between vitamin D deficiency and chronic diseases such as obesity and dyslipidemia. Although genetic factors play an important role in the etiology of these diseases, only a few studies have investigated the relationship between vitamin D-related genes and anthropometric and lipid profiles. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of three vitamin D-related genes with anthropometric and lipid parameters in 542 adult individuals. We analyzed the rs2228570 polymorphism in the vitamin D receptor gene (VDR), rs2134095 in the retinoid X receptor gamma gene (RXRG) and rs7041 in the vitamin D-binding protein gene (GC)...
August 15, 2016: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720018/pathways-through-which-asthma-risk-factors-contribute-to-asthma-severity-in-inner-city-children
#19
Andrew H Liu, Denise C Babineau, Rebecca Z Krouse, Edward M Zoratti, Jacqueline A Pongracic, George T O'Connor, Robert A Wood, Gurjit K Khurana Hershey, Carolyn M Kercsmar, Rebecca S Gruchalla, Meyer Kattan, Stephen J Teach, Melanie Makhija, Dinesh Pillai, Carin I Lamm, James E Gern, Steven M Sigelman, Peter J Gergen, Alkis Togias, Cynthia M Visness, William W Busse
BACKGROUND: Pathway analyses can be used to determine how host and environmental factors contribute to asthma severity. OBJECTIVE: To investigate pathways explaining asthma severity in inner-city children. METHODS: On the basis of medical evidence in the published literature, we developed a conceptual model to describe how 8 risk-factor domains (allergen sensitization, allergic inflammation, pulmonary physiology, stress, obesity, vitamin D, environmental tobacco smoke [ETS] exposure, and rhinitis severity) are linked to asthma severity...
October 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717662/the-most-effective-factors-to-offset-sarcopenia-and-obesity-in-the-older-korean-physical-activity-vitamin-d-and-protein-intake
#20
Chorong Oh, Byeong Hwan Jeon, Shaun Nicholas Reid Storm, Sunkug Jho, Jae-Kyung No
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of the types and levels of physical activity in conjunction with protein intake and vitamin D on sarcopenia and obesity status in an elderly population. METHODS: Study participants (N = 4452) were ages ≥60 y and included 1929 men and 2523 women who completed a body composition analysis with a dual energy x-ray absorptiometry and provided health and dietary data. RESULTS: Higher appendicular skeletal muscle mass/weight was observed in the non-obese group, although obese participants had greater weights...
January 2017: Nutrition
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