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relation vitamin d and obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809195/pok%C3%A3-mon-go-why-augmented-reality-games-offer-insights-for-enhancing-public-health-interventions-on-obesity-related-diseases
#1
Ming Chao Wong, Paul Turner, Kate MacIntyre, Kwang Chien Yee
Stimulating widespread interests of the population to participate in behavioural changes through information and technology has been an aim of much health informatics research. The recent widespread participation of the augmented reality game Pokémon Go which encourages exercises, provides significant insights into the potential of information technology to improve healthcare intervention on obesity-related disease. Does Pokémon Go point to another way of achieving health benefits using mobile devices? This paper analyses the features of Pokémon Go in relation to potential health benefits...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803880/vitamin-d-and-symptoms-of-depression-in-overweight-or-obese-adults-a-cross-sectional-study-and-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#2
Aya Mousa, Negar Naderpoor, Maximilian P J de Courten, Barbora de Courten
Recent evidence suggests that vitamin D deficiency may contribute to increased risk of depression. However, previous studies are limited by variability in participant characteristics including vitamin D deficiency status and presence of existing diseases, use of low doses of vitamin D supplementation for short durations, and use of co-interventions or psychotropic drugs. We examined whether 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations were associated with symptoms of depression, as well as whether vitamin D supplementation reduced symptoms of depression in overweight or obese and vitamin D-deficient, but otherwise healthy adults...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796313/lean-body-mass-and-creatine-kinase-is-associated-with-reduced-inflammation-in-obesity
#3
Svein I Bekkelund, Rolf Jorde
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is associated with inflammation, but the role of lean mass and creatine kinase (CK) on the inflammatory process is less known. We investigated the associations between lean mass, CK and fat mass upon inflammatory parameters in an overweight and obese adult population. METHODS: Body composition measured with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), CK and supplementary clinical parameters were measured in 454 overweight and obese individuals...
August 10, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775375/the-relationship-between-maternal-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-status-in-pregnancy-and-childhood-adiposity-and-allergy-an-observational-study
#4
V T Boyle, E B Thorstensen, J M D Thompson, L M E McCowan, E A Mitchell, K M Godfrey, L Poston, C R Wall, R Murphy, W Cutfield, T Kenealy, L C Kenny, P N Baker
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D insufficiency (defined as <75 nmol/l) is widespread amongst pregnant women around the world and has been proposed to influence offspring outcomes in childhood and into adult life, including adiposity and allergy. Disorders including asthma and eczema are on the rise amongst children. Our aim was to investigate the relationship between maternal 25-hydroxyvitamin D status in pregnancy and offspring adiposity, asthma and eczema in childhood. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Maternal 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations were analysed in serum samples collected at 15 weeks' gestation from 1710 participants of the prospective Screening for Pregnancy Endpoints (SCOPE) cohort study...
August 4, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757528/vitamin-d-insufficiency-predicts-elevated-levels-of-complement-3-independent-of-insulin-resistance-and-bmi
#5
Reem M Al Haj Ahmad, Hayder A Al-Domi
This study was to determine serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D), the complement 3 (C3), and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels, and their association with the risk of insulin resistance (IR). A case-control study was carried out among 134 participants with body mass index (BMI) ≥30 kg/m(2) and BMI=18.5-24.99 kg/m(2). Anthropometric and body composition indicators were measured. Serum levels of C3, CRP, 25(OH)D, insulin, and glucose were also measured. IR was assessed by the homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-IR)...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754212/health-promotion-research-in-active-duty-army-soldiers-the-road-to-a-fit-and-ready-force
#6
Mary S McCarthy, Evelyn B Elshaw, Barbara M Szekely, Bethann Pflugeisen
BACKGROUND: In the last decade the Military Health System has changed its paradigm to focus on health promotion and disease prevention. PURPOSE: This paper reviews a decade of research exploring the effects of military life on nutritional status and bone health of Army soldiers. METHOD: Descriptive and experimental approaches have assessed occupational demands on soldiers in variable environments that require optimal nutrition status and physical health...
July 5, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749418/the-association-between-vitamin-d-insufficiency-and-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-population-based-study
#7
Yeonjung Ha, Seong Gyu Hwang, Kyu Sung Rim
Previous studies have shown inconsistent results regarding the association between vitamin D insufficiency and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We attempted to demonstrate this relationship using population-based data. Vitamin D insufficiency was defined as a 25(OH)D level ≤20 ng/mL. Hepatic steatosis index was calculated to define NAFLD. Significant fibrosis was assessed using Body mass index, AST/ALT Ratio, Diabetes (BARD) score. Logistic regression analyses were performed to determine the relationship between vitamin D insufficiency and NAFLD...
July 27, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749117/roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-versus-sleeve-gastrectomy-a-narrative-review-of-risks-and-benefits
#8
Matthew D Ettleson, Corey J Lager, Andrew T Kraftson, Nazanene H Esfandiari, Elif A Oral
INTRODUCTION: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (GB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG) are the most commonly performed metabolic surgeries and are highly effective for the treatment of obesity and related comorbidities. In this narrative review, recent studies of at least two years of follow-up directly comparing outcomes between GB and SG are reviewed to assess the efficacy of each procedure in weight loss and diabetes remission, as well as resulting quality of life (QoL) assessment and micronutrient deficiencies...
July 26, 2017: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744831/25-hydroxyvitamin-d-levels-of-children-are-inversely-related-to-adiposity-assessed-by-body-mass-index
#9
Silvia Barja-Fernández, Concepción M Aguilera, Isabel Martínez-Silva, Rocío Vazquez, Mercedes Gil-Campos, Josune Olza, Juan Bedoya, Carmen Cadarso-Suárez, Ángel Gil, Luisa M Seoane, Rosaura Leis
Vitamin D deficiency is associated with wide range of pathologies. Some evidences have shown that low vitamin D circulating levels in children and adolescent are related to fat mass and obesity. The objectives of the present study were to characterize vitamin D status in children and adolescents and to determine if serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentration is related to adiposity assessed by body mass index (BMI). Serum 25(OH)D levels were measured by LIAISON method in 471 children and adolescents (2 to 18 years age) and analyzed according to gender, pubertal period, age, and BMI...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744225/is-it-time-to-begin-a-public-campaign-concerning-frailty-and-pre-frailty-a-review-article
#10
REVIEW
Jerzy Sacha, Magdalena Sacha, Jacek Soboń, Zbigniew Borysiuk, Piotr Feusette
Frailty is a state that encompasses losses in physical, psychological or social domains. Therefore, frail people demonstrate a reduced potential to manage external stressors and to respond to life incidents. Consequently, such persons are prone to various adverse consequences such as falls, cognitive decline, infections, hospitalization, disability, institutionalization, and death. Pre-frailty is a condition predisposing and usually preceding the frailty state. Early detection of frailty (i.e., pre-frailty) may present an opportunity to introduce effective management to improve outcomes...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737861/effects-of-25-hydroxy-vitamin-d-levels-on-the-severity-and-asthma-control-in-school-age-asthma-patients
#11
Merve Havan, Cem H Razi, Ayse D Bulus, Ali O Köksal, Nesibe Andıran
BACKGROUND: The objective was to determine vitamin D levels in patients between the ages 6 and 18 years, followed for asthma, and the relation between vitamin D levels and asthma control and severity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with asthma and healthy volunteers between the ages 6 and 18 years were enrolled into the study as patient and control groups, respectively. Patient demographic information and clinical findings were recorded; a respiratory function test was performed...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734987/bioavailable-and-free-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-and-vitamin-d-binding-protein-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-relationships-with-obesity-and-insulin-resistance
#12
Negar Naderpoor, Soulmaz Shorakae, Sally K Abell, Aya Mousa, Anju E Joham, Lisa J Moran, Nigel K Stepto, Poli Mara Spritzer, Helena J Teede, Barbora de Courten
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common condition characterised by both reproductive and metabolic features (obesity, insulin resistance, diabetes risk). Some evidence suggests that women with PCOS have lower vitamin D levels compared to healthy controls. Vitamin D binding protein (DBP) is the main carrier of vitamin D in circulation and plays an important role in regulating vitamin D concentration and bioavailability for target tissues. To our knowledge, no previous studies have examined DBP, bioavailable and free 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) in women with PCOS...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733112/distinctions-in-gene-specific-changes-in-dna-methylation-in-response-to-folic-acid-supplementation-between-women-with-normal-weight-and-obesity
#13
Hea Jin Park, Lynn B Bailey, Deanna C Shade, Dorothy B Hausman, Natalie M Hohos, Richard B Meagher, Gail Pa Kauwell, Richard D Lewis, Alicia K Smith
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Obesity and maternal folate deficiency are associated with increased risk for neural tube defects (NTDs). Limited knowledge exists on the impact of folate status or obesity on DNA methylation of genes related to NTD risk and folate metabolism. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Women (18-35y) with normal weight (NW; BMI 18.5-24.9kg/m(2); n=12) and obesity (OB; BMI >30kg/m(2); n=6) were provided FA (800μg/d) for 8-weeks. Serum folate concentration and changes in DNA methylation across 2098 CpG sites in 91 genes related to NTD risk and folate metabolism were examined...
July 18, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716759/vitamin-d-levels-in-childhood-and-adolescence-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-a-cohort-of-healthy-australian-children
#14
Larry Ke, Rebecca S Mason, Louise A Baur, Chris T Cowell, Xiaoying Liu, Sarah P Garnett, Kaye E Brock
As the prevalence of obesity appears to be increasing in Australia's youth the overall objective of this study was to examine serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) concentrations in a cohort of 8-year-olds (n=249) followed up at age 15 (n=162) and explore associations between 25OHD with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in these populations. This was done in two stages: the first, two cross-sectional analyses (at ages 8 and 15); and the second, a prospective analysis from age 8 to 15. At both ages data on 25OHD, blood lipids, and anthropometry were measured...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711461/prevalence-of-comorbidities-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-evaluation-of-their-monitoring-in-clinical-practice-the-spanish-cohort-of-the-comora-study
#15
Alejandro Balsa, Leticia Lojo-Oliveira, Mercedes Alperi-López, María García-Manrique, Carmen Ordóñez-Cañizares, Lorena Pérez, Virginia Ruiz-Esquide, Alfonso Corrales, Javier Narváez, José Rey-Rey, Carlos Rodríguez-Lozano, Soledad Ojeda, Santiago Muñoz-Fernández, Joan M Nolla, José García-Torrón, Fernando Gamero, Rosario García-Vicuña, Blanca Hernández-Cruz, José Campos, José Rosas, José Francisco García-Llorente, Antonio Gómez-Centeno, Rafael Cáliz, Raimon Sanmartí, Alberto Bermúdez, Lydia Abasolo-Alcázar, Antonio Fernández-Nebro, Luis Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Carlos Marras, Miguel Ángel González-Gay, Ihsane Hmamouchi, Emilio Martín-Mola
OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence of comorbidities in patients with RA in Spain and discuss their management and implications using data from the Spanish cohort of the multinational study on COMOrbidities in Rheumatoid Arthritis (COMORA). METHODS: This is a national sub-analysis of the COMORA study. We studied the demographics and disease characteristics of 200 adults patients diagnosed with RA (1987 ACR), and routine practices for screening and preventing the following selected comorbidities: cardiovascular, infections, cancer, gastrointestinal, pulmonary, osteoporosis and depression...
July 12, 2017: Reumatología Clinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686746/obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-objective-short-sleep-duration-are-independently-associated-with-the-risk-of-serum-vitamin-d-deficiency
#16
Ronaldo D Piovezan, Camila Hirotsu, Marcia C Feres, Fatima D Cintra, Monica L Andersen, Sergio Tufik, Dalva Poyares
BACKGROUND: Studies demonstrate an association between vitamin D (25(OH)D) deficiency and sleep disturbances, such as obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and short sleep duration. However, to date, no studies have concurrently and objectively evaluated the effect of these factors on 25(OH)D. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether OSA and objective short sleep duration are independently associated with reduced 25(OH)D in an adult population sample. METHODS: A cross-sectional study included 657 individuals from the city of Sao Paulo, Brazil, as part of the ERA project...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619429/vitamin-d-and-multiple-sclerosis-an-update
#17
REVIEW
Charles Pierrot-Deseilligny, Jean-Claude Souberbielle
The most recent findings linking exposure to sun and vitamin D insufficiency to multiple sclerosis (MS) are reviewed. Due to insufficient sunshine and changing lifestyles, hypovitaminosis D is widespread in temperate countries. Numerous epidemiological studies have strongly suggested that sunshine and vitamin D insufficiency contributes to MS risk in these countries. Moreover, several large genetic studies in MS patients have recently stated unequivocally that diverse abnormalities involving vitamin D metabolism are related to the risk of the disease...
May 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601383/pretreatment-serum-concentration-of-vitamin-d-and-breast-cancer-characteristics-a-prospective-observational-mediterranean-study
#18
Giuseppe Buono, Mario Giuliano, Carmine De Angelis, Rossella Lauria, Valeria Forestieri, Matilde Pensabene, Dario Bruzzese, Sabino De Placido, Grazia Arpino
BACKGROUND: Recent studies of the correlation between breast cancer (BC) and vitamin D yielded contrasting results. Although preclinical and clinical evidence has implicated vitamin D in BC prevention and outcome, little is known about the link between vitamin D and specific BC histologically defined subtypes. In the attempt to clarify this association we correlated vitamin D levels with BC characteristics. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We enrolled 220 pre- and postmenopausal women with early BC in this prospective observational trial...
May 19, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596677/relationship-between-adipose-tissue-dysfunction-vitamin-d-deficiency-and-the-pathogenesis-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#19
REVIEW
Flavia A Cimini, Ilaria Barchetta, Simone Carotti, Laura Bertoccini, Marco G Baroni, Umberto Vespasiani-Gentilucci, Maria-Gisella Cavallo, Sergio Morini
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common chronic liver disease worldwide. Its pathogenesis is complex and not yet fully understood. Over the years many studies have proposed various pathophysiological hypotheses, among which the currently most widely accepted is the "multiple parallel hits" theory. According to this model, lipid accumulation in the hepatocytes and insulin resistance increase the vulnerability of the liver to many factors that act in a coordinated and cooperative manner to promote hepatic injury, inflammation and fibrosis...
May 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589103/effect-of-symbiotic-supplementation-on-glycemic-control-lipid-profiles-and-microalbuminuria-in-patients-with-non-obese-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-double-blind-clinical-trial
#20
Zarin Sadat Ebrahimi, Ensieh Nasli-Esfahani, Azadeh Nadjarzade, Hassan Mozaffari-Khosravi
BACKGROUND: The prevalent raise of type 2 diabetes (T2D) around the globe, are creating higher risk for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and increasing strain on each country's health care budget in the world. Microalbuminuria has appeared as a key parameter in diabetic patients. Microalbuminuria is also related to increased cardiovascular morbidity in people who are non-obese diabetic. Some studies have suggested that consumption of symbiotic foods might help improve the metabolic profile, inflammatory factors and biomarkers of oxidative stress...
2017: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
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