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hiv mental illness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755578/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-gender-difference-in-epidemiology-of-hiv-hepatitis-b-and-hepatitis-c-infections-in-people-with-severe-mental-illness
#1
REVIEW
Getinet Ayano, Mikiyas Tulu, Kibrom Haile, Dawit Assefa, Yodit Habtamu, Gebresilassie Araya, Zegeye Yohannis
Background: People with severe mental disorders (SMDs) are associated with increased risk of infectious disease including human immunodeficiency virus infection (HIV) and hepatitis viruses, such as hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and other types of hepatitis viruses because of high-risk behaviors compared to the general population. The prevalence of HIV in people with SMDs is higher in females than in males. Unlike HIV, the prevalence of HBV and HCV is higher in males than in females...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752639/prevalence-of-hiv-viral-load-suppression-among-psychiatric-inpatients-with-comorbid-substance-use-disorders
#2
D M Coviello, R Lovato, K Apostol, M M Eisenberg, D S Metzger, R Szucs-Reed, N Kiryankova-Dalseth, D Kelly, A Jackson, M Plano, M B Blank
A consistently suppressed viral load enables HIV (+) patients to live longer, healthier lives and reduces the probability of transmitting the virus. Since the prevalence of HIV is four times higher among those with psychiatric disorders than in the general population, it is likely that this group would also have greater difficulty remaining in care and achieving viral suppression. A secondary data analysis utilizing screening data from the Preventing AIDS Through Health (PATH) for Triples (PFT) Study were examined to assess HIV load suppression among 254 psychiatric inpatients with comorbid substance use disorders in Philadelphia...
May 11, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717630/knowledge-and-causal-attributions-for-mental-disorders-in-hiv-positive-children-and-adolescents-results-from-rural-and-urban-uganda
#3
W Nalukenge, F Martin, J Seeley, E Kinyanda
Increasing availability of antiretroviral treatment (ART) has led HIV to be considered a chronic disease, shifting attention to focus on quality of life including mental wellbeing. We investigated knowledge and causal attributions for mental disorders in HIV-positive children and adolescents in rural and urban Uganda. This qualitative study was nested in an epidemiological mental health study among HIV-positive children and adolescents aged 5-17 years in rural and urban Uganda. In-depth interviews were conducted with caregivers of HIV-positive children (5-11 years) and adolescents (12-17 years) in HIV care...
May 2, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707127/risk-of-sexual-transmitted-infection-following-bipolar-disorder-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#4
Shyh-Chyang Lee, Chang-Kuo Hu, Jeng-Hsiu Hung, Albert C Yang, Shih-Jen Tsai, Min-Wei Huang, Li-Yu Hu, Cheng-Che Shen
Background: Bipolar disorder is a severe mental disorder associated with functional and cognitive impairment. Numerous studies have investigated associations between sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and psychiatric illnesses. However, the results of these studies are controversial. Objective: We explored the association between bipolar disorder and the subsequent development of STIs, including human immunodeficiency virus infection; primary, secondary, and latent syphilis; genital warts; gonorrhea; chlamydial infection; and trichomoniasis...
April 3, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689538/opioids-and-hiv-infection-from-pain-management-to-addiction-treatment
#5
Chinazo O Cunningham
HIV-infected persons are more likely to have chronic pain, receive opioid analgesic treatment, receive higher doses of opioids, and to have substance use disorders and mental illness compared with the general population, putting them at increased risk for opioid use disorder. Management of opioid use in HIV-infected individuals can be complex, and the limited data on opioid treatment in this population are conflicting with regard to its effect on HIV outcomes. Buprenorphine treatment for opioid use disorder improves HIV outcomes and other outcomes...
April 2018: Topics in Antiviral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661003/outcomes-among-persons-with-hiv-following-a-mental-health-admission-a-population-based-study
#6
Cindy Lau, Claire E Kendall, Ann N Burchell, Ahmed M Bayoumi, Mona Loutfy, Sean Rourke, Tony Antoniou
Objective To compare outcomes following psychiatric hospitalization between people with and without HIV. Methods Population-based study of people with (n = 1,089) and without (n = 280,888) HIV who were hospitalized for psychiatric illness between January 1, 2006 and December 31, 2014. Results Overall, 9 (0.8%) people with HIV died within 30 days of discharge, compared with 3710 (1.3%) HIV-negative individuals. Following multivariable adjustment, there was no difference in the risk of readmission or emergency department (ED) visits for psychiatric illness in the 90 days following discharge...
April 17, 2018: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607658/syndemic-effect-of-mental-illness-and-substance-use-on-viral-suppression-among-recently-incarcerated-hiv-infected-individuals-in-the-care-corrections-study
#7
Hannah Yellin, Curt Beckwith, Ann Kurth, Tao Liu, Breana Castonguay, Rudy Patrick, Claudia Trezza, Lauri Bazerman, Irene Kuo
Few studies on HIV-related syndemics of co-occurring and mutually reinforcing psychosocial conditions have assessed clinical outcomes in criminal justice (CJ)-involved populations. Baseline data from the CARE+ Corrections study were used to quantify co-occurring mental illness and substance use and examine syndemic effects on viral suppression among 106 CJ-involved HIV-infected individuals. Ninety-one (86%) reported a mental illness diagnosis, 30 (28%) reported hazardous alcohol use, and 61 (58%) were drug dependent...
April 1, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543538/the-effect-of-saffron-on-depression-among-recovered-consumers-of-methamphetamine-living-with-hiv-aids
#8
Farzad Jalali, Seyedeh Fatemeh Hashemi
BACKGROUND: From one hand, depression is one of the symptoms that occur after abstinence from methamphetamine. On the other people living with HIV/AIDS are in isolation due to the nature of their illness and depression is one of the most common mental health problems they experience. OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed at determining the effectiveness of saffron on reducing depression among recovered consumers of methamphetamine living with HIV/AIDS. METHODS: The design of this study was semi-experimental with pre-test, post-test and control (placebo) groups...
March 15, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524033/hiv-care-after-jail-low-rates-of-engagement-in-a-vulnerable-population
#9
Benjamin Ammon, Princess Iroh, Yordanos Tiruneh, Xilong Li, Brian T Montague, Josiah D Rich, Ank E Nijhawan
The criminal justice system is a critical area of focus to improve HIV outcomes and reduce health disparities. We analyzed demographic, incarceration, socioeconomic, and clinical data for HIV-positive persons released to the community from the Dallas County Jail (1450 incarcerations, 1111 unique individuals) between January 2011 and November 2013. The study population was 68% black and 14% Hispanic; overall linkage to care within 90 days of release was 34%. In adjusted analyses, Hispanics were more likely to link than whites (aOR 2...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509587/cango-lyec-healing-the-elephant-gender-differences-in-hiv-infection-in-post-conflict-northern-uganda
#10
Patricia M Spittal, Samuel S Malamba, Martin D Ogwang, Seggane Musisi, J Paul Ekwaru, Nelson K Sewankambo, Margo E Pearce, Kate Jongbloed, Sheetal H Patel, Achilles Katamba, Alden H Blair, Herbert Muyinda, Martin T Schechter Obc
BACKGROUND: As previously encamped resettle, potential for rapid HIV transmission in post-conflict Northern Uganda is concerning. Women in particular may be experiencing heightened vulnerability resulting from war-related sexual violence. SETTING: Cango Lyec (Healing the Elephant) Project is a cohort involving conflict-affected people in three districts in Northern Uganda. METHODS: Eight randomly selected communities were mapped and a census was conducted...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507598/undetected-psychiatric-morbidity-among-hiv-aids-patients-attending-comprehensive-care-clinic-ccc-in-nairobi-kenya-towards-an-integrated-mental-health-care
#11
Pauline W Ng'ang'a, Muthoni Mathai, Anne Obondo, Teresia Mutavi, Manasi Kumar
Background: Psychiatric morbidity is commonly associated with HIV disease and may have adverse effects. This aspect may be overlooked at comprehensive HIV care centers in Low and Middle-Income Countries. Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of undetected psychiatric morbidity among HIV/AIDS adult patients attending Comprehensive Care Centre in a semi-urban clinic, in Nairobi, Kenya. Design: Descriptive cross-sectional study of adult HIV patients not receiving any psychiatric treatment was conducted...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504429/relationship-between-illness-representations-and-mental-health-among-hiv-positive-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#12
Phoenix Kit-Han Mo, Joseph Tak-Fai Lau, Xiaobing Wu
Illness representations play a significant role on mental health across various health conditions. The present study explores the associations between illness representations of HIV and mental health (suicidal ideation and depression), and the mediation effects of emotional representations on the associations between cognitive representations and mental health among men who have sex with men who were newly diagnosed with HIV (ND-MSM) in China. A total of 225 ND-MSM were recruited from a non-governmental organisation and were invited to complete a cross-sectional survey...
March 4, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497507/research-priorities-for-adolescent-health-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-mixed-methods-synthesis-of-two-separate-exercises
#13
Jason M Nagata, Sejal Hathi, B Jane Ferguson, Michele J Hindin, Sachiyo Yoshida, David A Ross
Background: In order to clarify priorities and stimulate research in adolescent health in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), the World Health Organization (WHO) conducted two priority-setting exercises based on the Child Health and Nutrition Research Initiative (CHNRI) methodology related to 1) adolescent sexual and reproductive health and 2) eight areas of adolescent health including communicable diseases prevention and management, injuries and violence, mental health, non-communicable diseases management, nutrition, physical activity, substance use, and health policy...
June 2018: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493417/ending-aids-as-a-public-health-threat-treatment-as-usual-risk-reduction-services-for-persons-with-mental-illness-in-brazil
#14
Milton L Wainberg, Karen McKinnon, Andrea Norcini-Pala, Olivia K Hughes, Ezra Schrage, Whitney Erby, Claudio G Mann, Francine Cournos
OBJECTIVE: Persons with mental illness have higher HIV infection rates than the general population. Little is known about whether care systems for this population are effectively participating in global efforts to end AIDS as a public health threat. This study examined treatment-as-usual HIV risk reduction services within public mental health settings. METHODS: The authors interviewed 641 sexually active adults attending eight public psychiatric clinics in Rio de Janeiro about participation in a sexual risk reduction program, HIV testing, HIV knowledge, and sexual behaviors...
April 1, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426583/-use-of-new-technologies-by-adolescents-in-the-search-for-health-information
#15
Minerva Blázquez Barba, Dolores Gómez Romero, Isidora Frontaura Fernández, Abdón Camacho Ojeda, Francisco M Rodríguez Salas, Higinio Toriz Cano
OBJECTIVE: To describe Internet sources used by adolescents to consult health information and their sociodemographic characteristics, as well as to identify the variables that influence the choice of Internet site. DESIGN: Cross-sectional descriptive study. Survey adapted from the questionnaire validated by Rideout. PARTICIPANTS AND LOCATION: Adolescents aged 12-18 from 4schools in rural municipalities. RESULTS: The study included a total of 405 adolescents, of whom 51...
February 6, 2018: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338328/avoidance-meaning-and-grief-psychosocial-factors-influencing-engagement-in-hiv-care
#16
Georgia J Michlig, Ryan P Westergaard, Yukyan Lam, Azal Ahmadi, Gregory D Kirk, Andrew Genz, Jeanne Keruly, Heidi Hutton, Pamela J Surkan
Although the introduction of antiretroviral therapy has rendered HIV a chronic illness, inconsistent engagement in HIV care by key populations limits its public health impact. Poor engagement in care is especially prevalent among vulnerable populations with mental health and substance use disorders. Beyond structural and health system considerations, psychosocial factors may present challenges to sustained engagement. We conducted a qualitative study using in-depth interviews with 31 primarily African American, urban-based individuals, many with past or current drug use and mental disorders, living with HIV...
April 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335920/clergy-s-beliefs-about-mental-illness-and-their-perception-of-its-treatability-experience-from-a-church-based-prevention-of-mother-to-child-hiv-transmission-pmtct-trial-in-nigeria
#17
Theddeus Iheanacho, Elina Stefanovics, Echezona E Ezeanolue
Clergy participating in the Healthy Beginning Initiative (N = 45), a program utilizing church workers to integrate packages of care into church activities, completed a 43-item self-administered questionnaire assessing their attitudes and beliefs about mental disorders and perception of their treatability. A majority believed that drug/alcohol use, stress and genetic inheritance could cause mental illness and that society needed to adopt more tolerant attitude toward people with mental disorders. Clergy with contact with people with mental disorders were more likely to perceive depression as treatable...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316883/active-ingredients-of-a-person-centred-intervention-for-people-on-hiv-treatment-analysis-of-mixed-methods-trial-data
#18
Keira Lowther, Richard Harding, Victoria Simms, Aabid Ahmed, Zipporah Ali, Nancy Gikaara, Lorraine Sherr, Hellen Kariuki, Irene J Higginson, Lucy Ellen Selman
BACKGROUND: A new model of care is required to meet the changing needs of people living with HIV (PLWH), particularly in low and middle-income countries, where prevalence is highest. We evaluated a palliative care intervention for PLWH in Mombasa, Kenya. Although we found no effect on pain (primary outcome), there was a positive effect on mental health (secondary outcome) in the intervention group. To inform replication and implementation, we have determined the active ingredients of the intervention and their mechanisms of action...
January 10, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297407/pregnancy-and-the-global-disease-burden
#19
Barbara J Sina
Pregnant women experience unique physiological changes pertinent to the effective prevention and treatment of common diseases that affect their health and the health of their developing fetuses. In this paper, the impact of major communicable (HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, helminth infections, emerging epidemic viral infections) as well as non-communicable conditions (mental illness, substance abuse, gestational diabetes, eclampsia) on pregnancy is discussed. The current state of research involving pregnant women in these areas is also described, highlighting important knowledge gaps for the management of key illnesses that impact pregnancy globally...
December 14, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287239/association-between-virus-exposure-and-depression-in-us-adults
#20
Shawn D Gale, Andrew N Berrett, Lance D Erickson, Bruce L Brown, Dawson W Hedges
Mood disorders are common mental illnesses. Among the factors associated with major depression are exposures to infectious diseases including hepatitis C, influenza, varicella-zoster, and herpes viruses. In this study, we sought to evaluate further associations between viral exposure and depression. From the US Center for Disease Control's National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, we obtained data about depression status, antidepressant use, exposure to hepatitis A, hepatitis B, herpes simplex virus type 1, herpes simplex virus type 2, human immunodeficiency virus, and cytomegalovirus, and sociodemographic variables and evaluated associations between depression and viral exposure in adjusted multivariable models...
March 2018: Psychiatry Research
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