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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835066/mental-illness-and-mental-healthcare-receipt-among-hospitalized-veterans-with-serious-physical-illnesses
#1
Melissa M Garrido, Holly G Prigerson, Suvam Neupane, Joan D Penrod, Christopher E Johnson, Kenneth S Boockvar
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial distress among patients with limited life expectancy influences treatment decisions, treatment adherence, and physical health. Veterans may be at elevated risk of psychosocial distress at the end of life, and understanding their mental healthcare needs may help identify hospitalized patients to whom psychiatric services should be targeted. OBJECTIVE: To examine mental illness prevalence and mental health treatment rates among a national sample of hospitalized veterans with serious physical illnesses...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797655/cocaine-use-and-sexual-risk-among-individuals-with-severe-mental-illness
#2
Todd M Bishop, Stephen A Maisto, Suzanne Spinola
OBJECTIVE: Rates of HIV remain elevated in select populations such as those with severe mental illness and also among those who abuse cocaine, a vehicle through which risky sexual behavior may occur. The objective of the present narrative review was to synthesize the literature regarding stimulant use and its association with sexual risk among individuals with severe mental illness. METHODS: This narrative review of the literature utilized Boolean search logic and the PsycINFO and PsycARTICLES databases to identify articles that explored the relationships among stimulant use, risky sexual behavior, and severe mental illness...
July 2016: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776722/infectious-diseases-and-the-criminal-justice-system
#3
Ank E Nijhawan
The United States leads the world in incarceration, which disproportionately affects disadvantaged individuals, including those who are mentally ill, poor, homeless and racial minorities. Incarceration is disruptive to families and communities and contributes to health disparities in sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The objective of this grand rounds is to review (1) the epidemiology of incarceration in the United States, (2) the social factors which contribute to high rates of STIs in incarcerated individuals and (3) the HIV care cascade in incarcerated and recently released individuals...
October 2016: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718466/mental-disorders-in-hiv-hcv-coinfected-patients-under-antiviral-treatment-for-hepatitis-c
#4
Marta Martin-Subero, Crisanto Diez-Quevedo
This paper aims to review the epidemiology and management of mental disorders in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/hepatitis C virus (HCV) coinfected patients, the need for antiviral therapy in this specific population, and current treatment strategies for HIV/HCV patients with psychiatric and/or substance use disorders. This is a narrative review. Data was sourced from electronic databases and was not limited by language or date of publication. HIV infection has become a survivable chronic illness. Prevalence of HCV infection among HIV-infected patients is high ranging from 50% to 90%...
September 26, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717780/hiv-infection-and-psychiatric-illnesses-a-double-edged-sword-that-threatens-the-vision-of-a-contained-epidemic-the-greater-stockholm-hiv-cohort-study
#5
Amadou Jallow, Gunnar Ljunggren, Per Wändell, Lars Wahlström, Axel C Carlsson
CONTEXT: The Greater Stockholm HIV Cohort Study is an initiative to provide longitudinal information regarding the health of people living with HIV. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to explore the prevalence of HIV and its association with psychiatric co-morbidities. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: All patients with a recorded diagnosis of HIV (any position of the ICD-10 codes B20-B24) were identified during the period 2007-2014 and related to the total population in Stockholm by January 1, 2015, N = 2...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715904/recent-incarceration-and-buprenorphine-maintenance-treatment-outcomes-among-hiv-positive-patients
#6
Daniel P Riggins, Chinazo O Cunningham, Yuming Ning, Aaron D Fox
BACKGROUND: Opioid use disorder is a common cause of morbidity and mortality among people living with HIV/AIDS. Buprenorphine maintenance treatment (BMT) is an effective means of therapy, but patients with recent criminal justice involvement may need more support during BMT than other patients. We hypothesized that recently incarcerated BMT patients who initiated treatment in primary care would have poorer treatment outcomes than those who were not recently incarcerated. METHODS: We analyzed data from a multi-site cohort study of BMT integrated into HIV care...
August 11, 2016: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715455/assessment-of-geriatric-syndromes-and-physical-function-in-people-living-with-hiv
#7
Meredith Greene, Amy C Justice, Kenneth E Covinsky
: As the number of older adults living with HIV continues to increase, understanding how to incorporate geriatric assessments within HIV care will be critical. Assessment of geriatric syndromes and physical function can be useful tools for HIV clinicians and researchers to help identify the most vulnerable older adults and to better understand the aging process in PLWH. This review focuses on the assessment of falls, frailty and physical function, first in the general population of older adults and includes a specific focus on use of these assessments in older adults living with HIV...
October 7, 2016: Virulence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707688/a-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol-to-evaluate-the-effectiveness-of-an-integrated-care-management-approach-to-improve-adherence-among-hiv-infected-patients-in-routine-clinical-care-rationale-and-design
#8
Heidi M Crane, Rob J Fredericksen, Anna Church, Anna Harrington, Paul Ciechanowski, Jennifer Magnani, Kari Nasby, Tyler Brown, Shireesha Dhanireddy, Robert D Harrington, William B Lober, Jane Simoni, Stevan A Safren, Todd C Edwards, Donald L Patrick, Michael S Saag, Paul K Crane, Mari M Kitahata
BACKGROUND: Adherence to antiretroviral medications is a key determinant of clinical outcomes. Many adherence intervention trials investigated the effects of time-intensive or costly interventions that are not feasible in most clinical care settings. OBJECTIVE: We set out to evaluate a collaborative care approach as a feasible intervention applicable to patients in clinical care including those with mental illness and/or substance use issues. METHODS: We developed a randomized controlled trial (RCT) investigating an integrated, clinic-based care management approach to improve clinical outcomes that could be integrated into the clinical care setting...
October 5, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704388/primary-care-screening-methods-and-outcomes-for-asylum-seekers-in-new-york-city
#9
Nathan S Bertelsen, Elizabeth Selden, Polina Krass, Eva S Keatley, Allen Keller
Effective screening in primary care among asylum-seekers in the US is critical as this population grows. This study aimed to evaluate disease prevalence and screening methods in this high-risk group. Two hundred ten new clients from 51 countries, plus Tibet, who were accepted into a program for asylum seekers from 2012 to 2014 were included. Screening rates and outcomes for infectious, non-communicable, and mental illnesses were evaluated. Screening rates were highest for PTSD, depression, hepatitis B, and latent tuberculosis...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646635/test-site-predicts-hiv-care-linkage-and-antiretroviral-therapy-initiation-a-prospective-3-5%C3%A2-year-cohort-study-of-hiv-positive-testers-in-northern-tanzania
#10
Elizabeth A Reddy, Chris Bernard Agala, Venance P Maro, Jan Ostermann, Brian W Pence, Dafrosa K Itemba, Donna Safley, Jia Yao, Nathan M Thielman, Kathryn Whetten
BACKGROUND: Linkage to HIV care is crucial to the success of antiretroviral therapy (ART) programs worldwide, loss to follow up at all stages of the care continuum is frequent, and long-term prospective studies of care linkage are currently lacking. METHODS: Consecutive clients who tested HIV-positive were enrolled from four HIV testing centers (1 health facility and 3 community-based centers) in the Kilimanjaro region of Tanzania as part of the larger Coping with HIV/AIDS in Tanzania (CHAT) prospective observational study...
September 20, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27640925/multiple-types-of-childhood-and-adult-violence-among-homeless-and-unstably-housed-women-in-san-francisco
#11
Lauren H Wong, Martha Shumway, Annesa Flentje, Elise D Riley
This study examined the relationship between different forms of childhood violence (emotional, physical, and sexual) and these same forms of violence in adulthood, using a cross-sectional baseline survey of 298 homeless and unstably housed women in San Francisco, California. We also examined other related factors, including mental illnesses diagnosis, sex exchange, jail time, HIV status, and sociodemographic information. Regression analysis indicated that although several of these factors were associated with experiences of violence as an adult, specific types of child violence (e...
September 16, 2016: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631361/sex-work-as-an-emerging-risk-factor-for-human-immunodeficiency-virus-seroconversion-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-the-survudi-network
#12
Karine Blouin, Pascale Leclerc, Carole Morissette, Élise Roy, Caty Blanchette, Raymond Parent, Bouchra Serhir, Michel Alary
BACKGROUND: Recent analyses have shown an emerging positive association between sex work and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) incidence among people who inject drugs (PWIDs) in the SurvUDI network. METHODS: Participants who had injected in the past 6 months were recruited across the Province of Quebec and in the city of Ottawa, mainly in harm reduction programs. They completed a questionnaire and provided gingival exudate for HIV antibody testing. The associations with HIV seroconversion were tested with a Cox proportional hazard model using time-dependent covariables including the main variable of interest, sexual activity (sex work; no sex work; sexually inactive)...
October 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630981/the-amagugu-intervention-a-conceptual-framework-for-increasing-hiv-disclosure-and-parent-led-communication-about-health-among-hiv-infected-parents-with-hiv-uninfected-primary-school-aged-children
#13
Tamsen J Rochat, Joanie Mitchell, Alan Stein, Ntombizodumo Brilliant Mkwanazi, Ruth M Bland
Advances in access to HIV prevention and treatment have reduced vertical transmission of HIV, with most children born to HIV-infected parents being HIV-uninfected themselves. A major challenge that HIV-infected parents face is disclosure of their HIV status to their predominantly HIV-uninfected children. Their children enter middle childhood and early adolescence facing many challenges associated with parental illness and hospitalization, often exacerbated by stigma and a lack of access to health education and support...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616654/an-exploratory-investigation-of-sexual-health-screening-in-the-first-12%C3%A2-weeks-of-case-management-in-populations-with-severe-mental-illness
#14
Rebecca Corbett, Stephen Elsom, Natisha Sands, Roshani Prematunga
The sexual health of people with mental illness is commonly overlooked, neglected or inadequately addressed in mental health care, despite evidence showing that people with severe mental illness are more vulnerable to sexually transmitted infections (including HIV), sexual side-effects, and sexual dysfunction than the general population. This article reports a study that investigated sexual health screening in five community mental health clinics within a large a regional health service in Victoria, Australia...
September 12, 2016: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609030/hiv-prevention-advice-for-people-with-serious-mental-illness
#15
REVIEW
Nicola Wright, Athfah Akhtar, Graeme E Tosh, Andrew V Clifton
BACKGROUND: People with serious mental illness have rates of Human Immuno-deficiency Virus (HIV) infection higher than expected in the general population for the same demographic area. Despite this elevated prevalence, UK national strategies around sexual health and HIV prevention do not state that people with serious mental illness are a high risk group. However, a significant proportion in this group are sexually active and engage in HIV-risk behaviours including having multiple sexual partners, infrequent use of condoms and trading sex for money or drugs...
September 9, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544517/coercion-or-caring-the-fundamental-paradox-for-adherence-interventions-for-hiv-people-with-mental-illness
#16
Marlene M Eisenberg, Michael Hennessy, Donna Coviello, Nancy Hanrahan, Michael B Blank
To determine if an escalating HIV treatment adherence intervention would be considered by participants from a caring or coercive perspective, perceived coercion was examined in 238 community-based dually diagnosed individuals (HIV+ and a serious mental illness) randomized to a treatment-as-usual (TAU) control group or preventing AIDS through health for HIV+ persons (PATH+) Intervention that increased intervention intensity when adherence fell below 80 %. Minor differences were observed in perceived coercion between the PATH+ Intervention and Control groups with perceived coercion marginally higher in the PATH+ group...
August 20, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27528877/increasing-number-and-proportion-of-adverse-obstetrical-outcomes-among-women-living-with-hiv-in-the-ottawa-area-a-20-year-clinical-case-series
#17
Sarah Buchan, Katherine A Muldoon, Johanna N Spaans, Louise Balfour, Lindy Samson, Mark Walker, D William Cameron
Background. The prevalence and associated risks with adverse obstetrical outcomes among women living with HIV are not well measured. The objective of this study was to longitudinally investigate the prevalence and correlates of adverse obstetrical outcomes among women with HIV. Methods. This 20-year (1990-2010) clinical case series assessed the prevalence of adverse obstetrical outcomes among pregnant women with HIV receiving care at The Ottawa Hospital (TOH). General estimating equation modeling was used to identify factors independently associated with adverse obstetrical outcomes, while controlling for year of childbirth clustering...
2016: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516106/pathways-to-hiv-testing-and-care-in-goa-india-exploring-psychosocial-barriers-and-facilitators-using-mixed-methods
#18
Rosie Mayston, Anisha Lazarus, Vikram Patel, Melanie Abas, Priya Korgaonkar, Ramesh Paranjape, Savio Rodrigues, Martin Prince
BACKGROUND: Despite recognition of the importance of timely presentation to HIV care, research on pathways to care is lacking. The adverse impact of depression upon adherence to antiretroviral therapy is established. There is emerging evidence to suggest depression may inhibit initial engagement with care. However, the effect of depression and other psychosocial factors upon the pathway to care is unknown. METHODS: We used mixed methods to explore pathways to care of people accessing testing and treatment in Goa, India...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501843/hospitalizations-in-immigrants-and-non-immigrants-diagnosed-with-chronic-hepatitis-c-infection-in-quebec
#19
Rhiannon Kamstra, Laurent Azoulay, Russell Steele, Marina B Klein, Christina Greenaway
BACKGROUND:  Rates of hospitalization due to chronic hepatitis C (HCV) are increasing in Canada and the US. A large proportion of immigrants originate from intermediate and high HCV prevalence countries but are not screened for HCV post-arrival and may therefore have increased risks of liver-related complications and hospitalization. METHODS:  We performed a retrospective cohort study of reported HCV cases in Quebec Canada from 1998-2007 which were linked to administrative health databases...
August 7, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437937/food-insecurity-among-homeless-adults-with-mental-illness
#20
Milad Parpouchi, Akm Moniruzzaman, Angela Russolillo, Julian M Somers
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of food insecurity and food insufficiency is high among homeless people. We investigated the prevalence and correlates of food insecurity among a cohort of homeless adults with mental illness in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. METHODS: Data collected from baseline questionnaires in the Vancouver At Home study were analysed to calculate the prevalence of food insecurity within the sample (n = 421). A modified version of the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Adult Food Security Survey Module was used to ascertain food insecurity...
2016: PloS One
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