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Gefen Ronen-Eliraz, Amos Russak, Ido Nitzan, Joseph Guttman, Daniel Kurtzman
Managed aquifer recharge (MAR) events are occasionally carried out with surplus desalinated seawater that has been post-treated with CaCO3 in infiltration ponds overlying the northern part of the Israeli Coastal Aquifer. This water's chemical characteristics differ from those of any other water recharged to the aquifer and of the natural groundwater. As the MAR events are short (hours to weeks), the sediment under the infiltration ponds will intermittently host desalinated and natural groundwater. As part of comprehensive research on the influence of those events, column experiments were designed to simulate the alternation of the two water types: post-treated desalinated seawater (PTDES) and natural groundwater (GW)...
October 13, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Huub L A van den Oever, Mirja van Dam, Esther van 't Riet, Frank G A Jansman
INTRODUCTION: Many patients with intentional drug overdose (IDO) are admitted to a medium (MC) or intensive care unit (IC) without ever requiring MC/IC related interventions. The objective of this study was to develop a decision tool, using parameters readily available in the emergency room (ER) for patients with an IDO, to identify patients requiring admission to a monitoring unit. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study among cases of IDO with drugs having potentially acute effects on neurological, circulatory or ventilatory function, admitted to the MC/IC unit between 2007 and 2013...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
Roi Isaac, Ido Goldstein, Noa Furth, Neta Zilber, Sarina Streim, Sigalit Boura-Halfon, Eytan Elhanany, Varda Rotter, Moshe Oren, Yehiel Zick
Earlier reported small interfering RNA (siRNA) high-throughput screens, identified seven-transmembrane superfamily member 3 (TM7SF3) as a novel inhibitor of pancreatic β-cell death. Here we show that TM7SF3 maintains protein homeostasis and promotes cell survival through attenuation of ER stress. Overexpression of TM7SF3 inhibits caspase 3/7 activation. In contrast, siRNA-mediated silencing of TM7SF3 accelerates ER stress and activation of the unfolded protein response (UPR). This involves inhibitory phosphorylation of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2α activity and increased expression of activating transcription factor-3 (ATF3), ATF4 and C/EBP homologous protein, followed by induction of apoptosis...
October 14, 2016: Cell Death and Differentiation
Tadao Takada, Misa Ido, Akane Ashida, Mitsunobu Nakamura, Kazushige Yamana
DNA is considered to be a promising biomolecule as a template and scaffold for arranging and organizing functional molecules on the nanoscale. The construction and evaluation of DNAs containing multiple functional molecules that are useful for optoelectronic devices and sensors has been studied. In this paper we report the efficient incorporation of perylenediimide (PDI) units into DNA by using abasic sites both as binding sites and as reactive sites and the construction of PDI stacks within the DNA structure, accomplished through the preorganization of the PDI units in the hydrophobic pocket within the DNA...
October 14, 2016: Chembiochem: a European Journal of Chemical Biology
Dalit Talmi-Frank, Zeev Altboum, Inna Solomonov, Yael Udi, Diego Adhemar Jaitin, Mordehay Klepfish, Eyal David, Alina Zhuravlev, Hadas Keren-Shaul, Deborah R Winter, Irit Gat-Viks, Michal Mandelboim, Tamar Ziv, Ido Amit, Irit Sagi
Mounting an effective immune response, while also protecting tissue integrity, is critical for host survival. We used a combined genomic and proteomic approach to investigate the role of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteolysis in achieving this balance in the lung during influenza virus infection. We identified the membrane-tethered matrix metalloprotease MT1-MMP as a prominent host-ECM-remodeling collagenase in influenza infection. Selective inhibition of MT1-MMP protected the tissue from infection-related structural and compositional tissue damage...
October 12, 2016: Cell Host & Microbe
Tami Rubinek, Shiri Shahmoon, Ayelet Shabtay-Orbach, Michal Ben Ami, Yael Levy-Shraga, Kineret Mazor-Aronovitch, Yonatan Yeshayahu, Ram Doolman, Rina Hemi, Hannah Kanety, Ido Wolf, Dalit Modan-Moses
CONTEXT: Klotho is an aging-modulating protein expressed mainly in the kidneys, which can be cleaved and shed to act as a circulating hormone. Several lines of evidence suggest a tight interaction between klotho and the GH-IGF-I axis. We showed previously that klotho levels are decreased in pediatric patients with growth hormone deficiency (GHD). Our aim now is to investigate the effect of GH therapy on klotho levels in these patients and to elucidate the role of IGF-1 in mediating secretion of klotho...
November 2016: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
Ayala Gover-Proaktor, Galit Granot, Saar Shapira, Oshrat Raz, Oren Pasvolsky, Arnon Nagler, Dorit L Lev, Aida Inbal, Ido Lubin, Pia Raanani, Avi Leader
Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have revolutionized the prognosis of chronic myeloid leukemia. With the advent of highly efficacious therapy, the focus has shifted toward managing TKI adverse effects, such as vascular adverse events (VAEs). We used an in vitro angiogenesis model to investigate the TKI-associated VAEs. Our data show that imatinib, nilotinib, and ponatinib reduce human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) viability. Pharmacological concentrations of ponatinib induced apoptosis, reduced migration, inhibited tube formation of HUVECs, and had a negative effect on endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) function...
October 12, 2016: Leukemia & Lymphoma
Hadas Newman, Sergiu C Blumen, Itzhak Braverman, Rana Hanna, Beatrice Tiosano, Ido Perlman, Tamar Ben-Yosef
Purpose: To investigate the genetic basis for severe visual complaints by Bukharan Jewish patients with oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD). Methods: Polymerase chain reaction amplification and direct sequencing were used to test for NRL, PABPN1, and NR2E3 mutations. Complete ophthalmic examination included best-corrected visual acuity, biomicroscopic examination, optical coherence tomography, and fundus autofluorescence. Detailed electroretinography (ERG) testing was conducted including expanded International Society for Clinical Electrophysiology of Vision protocol for light-adapted and dark-adapted conditions, measurements of S-cone function, and ON-OFF light-adapted ERG...
October 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Sally A Abuelezz, Nevien Hendawy, Yosra Magdy
Depression is a major health problem in which oxidative stress and inflammation are inextricably connected in its pathophysiology. Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is an important anti-oxidant compound with anti-inflammatory and neuro-protective properties. This study was designed to investigate the hypothesis that CoQ10 by its anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory potentials can alleviate depressive- like behavior by restoring the balance of the tryptophan catabolites kynurenine/serotonin toward the serotonin pathway by down-regulation of hippocampal indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO-1)...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology: the Official Journal of the Society on NeuroImmune Pharmacology
Helena Gaspar, Adele Cutignano, Laura Grauso, Nuno Neng, Vasco Cachatra, Angelo Fontana, Joana Xavier, Marta Cerejo, Helena Vieira, Susana Santos
Among marine organisms, sponges are the richest sources of pharmacologically-active compounds. Stemming from a previous lead discovery program that gathered a comprehensive library of organic extracts of marine sponges from the off-shore region of Portugal, crude extracts of Erylus cf. deficiens collected in the Gorringe Bank (Atlantic Ocean) were tested in the innovative high throughput screening (HTS) assay for inhibitors of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) and showed activity. Bioassay guided fractionation of the dichloromethane extract led to the isolation of four new glycolipids, named erylusamide A-D...
October 11, 2016: Marine Drugs
Guilad Friedemann, Yossi Leshem, Lior Kerem, Boaz Shacham, Avi Bar-Massada, Krystaal M McClain, Gil Bohrer, Ido Izhaki
Ecologically-similar species were found to develop specific strategies to partition their resources, leading to niche differentiation and divergence, in order to avoid interspecific competition. Our study determines multi-dimensional differentiation of two sympatric top-predators, long-legged buzzards (LLB) and short-toed eagles (STE), which recently became sympatric during their breeding season in the Judean Foothills, Israel. By combining information from comprehensive diet and movement analyses we found four dimensions of differentiation: (1) Geographic foraging area: LLB tended to forage relatively close to their nests (2...
October 11, 2016: Scientific Reports
Youhei Hiromori, Akiko Ido, Akira Aoki, Tomoki Kimura, Hisamitsu Nagase, Tsuyoshi Nakanishi
We investigated the ability of group 15 compounds with a triphenyl substituent to bind to and activate human retinoic X receptor (RXR) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) γ and their ability to activate the receptor. Triphenylphosphine oxide (TPPO) transcriptionally activated both RXR and PPARγ. Triphenylbismuth (TPBi) transcriptionally activated PPARγ but not RXR. However, TPBi significantly inhibited RXR transcriptional activity induced by 9-cis retinoic acid (9cRA) and PPARγ transcriptional activity induced by rosiglitazone (Rosi)...
2016: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Yuji Shiba, Toshihito Gomibuchi, Tatsuichiro Seto, Yuko Wada, Hajime Ichimura, Yuki Tanaka, Tatsuki Ogasawara, Kenji Okada, Naoko Shiba, Kengo Sakamoto, Daisuke Ido, Takashi Shiina, Masamichi Ohkura, Junichi Nakai, Narumi Uno, Yasuhiro Kazuki, Mitsuo Oshimura, Itsunari Minami, Uichi Ikeda
Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) constitute a potential source of autologous patient-specific cardiomyocytes for cardiac repair, providing a major benefit over other sources of cells in terms of immune rejection. However, autologous transplantation has substantial challenges related to manufacturing and regulation. Although major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-matched allogeneic transplantation is a promising alternative strategy, few immunological studies have been carried out with iPSCs. Here we describe an allogeneic transplantation model established using the cynomolgus monkey (Macaca fascicularis), the MHC structure of which is identical to that of humans...
October 10, 2016: Nature
Ido Feferkorn, Meirav Schmidt, Yakir Segev, Ariel Zilberlicht, Ron Auslender, Yoram Abramov
OBJECTIVES: Infected pelvic hematoma is a relatively common complication of vaginal hysterectomy, manifesting with postoperative pain and fever which often necessitate surgical drainage. We aimed to assess the effect of the surgical technique for vaginal cuff closure on the incidence of this complication. STUDY DESIGN: Until March 31, 2010, our surgical protocol for vaginal hysterectomy included complete vaginal cuff closure. After this date, all surgeries were performed using another technique, by which a patent tract was left at the vaginal cuff for drainage of blood, secretions and debris...
September 20, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Boris H Kramer, G Sander van Doorn, Franz J Weissing, Ido Pen
The extraordinarily long lifespans of queens (and kings) in eusocial insects and the strikingly large differences in life expectancy between workers and queens challenge our understanding of the evolution of aging and provide unique opportunities for studying the causes underlying adaptive variation in lifespan within species. Here we review the major evolutionary theories of aging, focusing on their scope and limitations when applied to social insects. We show that reproductive division of labor, interactions between kin, caste-specific gene regulation networks, and the integration of colony-level trade-offs with individual-level trade-offs provide challenges to the classical theories We briefly indicate how these challenges could be met in future models of adaptive phenotypic plasticity in lifespan between and within different castes...
August 2016: Current Opinion in Insect Science
Jun Young Chung, Ido Regev, L Mahadevan
Wet starch cracks when it dries inhomogeneously, while hot glass cracks when it cools non-uniformly. In both cases, differential shrinkage induced by drying/cooling from the surface causes superficial cracks to grow perpendicular to the surface in different patterns. In contrast with these observations of bulk cracking in brittle materials, when a soft and homogeneously swollen polymer gel dries, differential strains lead to the peeling of a thin layer that spontaneously tears away from the bulk. Continued drying leads to the process repeating itself, forming a peeled-layered structure...
September 20, 2016: Soft Matter
Kai Zhao, Gang Zhou, Huifang Nie, Weiping Chen
In this communication, we describe a three-step synthesis of l-ido-1-deoxynojirimycin derivatives starting from readily available 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-benzyl-d-glucopyranose via Ir-catalyzed reductive amination in water, "borrowing hydrogen" under neat conditions, and Pd-catalyzed debenzylation.
October 12, 2016: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
Laura Barrachina, Ana Rosa Remacha, Antonio Romero, Francisco José Vázquez, Jorge Albareda, Marta Prades, Jaime Gosálvez, Rosa Roy, Pilar Zaragoza, Inmaculada Martín-Burriel, Clementina Rodellar
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have a great potential for treating equine musculoskeletal injuries. Although their mechanisms of action are not completely known, their immunomodulatory properties appear to be key in their functions. The expression of immunoregulatory molecules by MSCs is regulated by pro-inflammatory cytokines, so inflammatory priming of MSCs might improve their therapeutic potential. However, inflammatory environment could also increase MSC immunogenicity and decrease MSC viability and differentiation capacity...
October 6, 2016: Stem Cells and Development
Hanan Herzig Sheinfux, Ido Kaminer, Azriel Z Genack, Mordechai Segev
Deep subwavelength features are expected to have minimal impact on wave transport. Here we show that in contrast to this common understanding, disorder can have a dramatic effect in a one-dimensional disordered optical system with spatial features a thousand times smaller than the wavelength. We examine a unique regime of Anderson localization where the localization length is shown to scale linearly with the wavelength instead of diverging, because of the role of evanescent waves. In addition, we demonstrate an unusual order of magnitude enhancement of transmission induced due to localization...
October 6, 2016: Nature Communications
M A G Rabbani, Michael Ribaudo, Ju-Tao Guo, Sailen Barik
: A major arm of cellular innate immunity is type I interferon (IFN), represented by IFN-α and IFN-β. Type I IFN transcriptionally induces a large number of cellular genes, collectively known as IFN-Stimulated Genes or ISGs, which act as antivirals. The IFIT (interferon-induced proteins with tetratricopeptide repeats)-family proteins constitute a major subclass of ISG, and are characterized by multiple tetratricopeptide repeats (TPRs). Here, we have interrogated IFIT proteins for their ability to inhibit the growth of human parainfluenza virus type 3 (PIV3), a nonsegmented negative-strand RNA virus of the Paramyxoviridae family and major cause of respiratory disease in children...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Virology
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