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Allergic conjunctivitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728236/-epidemiological-investigation-of-allergic-rhinitis-in-ningxia
#1
X L Shen, D Zhao, X H Yan, P Yang, N Y Feng, W L Wen, H Y Ha, Z C Yang, L L Di, H Q Guo, H T Liu, R X Ma
Objective: To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of allergic rhinitis (AR) in Ningxia and to analyze its related factors. Methods: From March to September of 2013, a multi-stage and cluster sampling method was used to investigate the diagnosis and treatment of AR in Ningxia Area (3 years and above). Guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of allergic rhinitis (2009, Wuyishan) was used as the basis for the diagnosis of adult AR, while Guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of pediatric allergic rhinitis (2010, Chongqing) was used as the basis for children...
July 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721213/diagnostic-approaches-and-treatment-of-eosinophilic-esophagitis-a-review-article
#2
REVIEW
Hossein Akhondi
Eosinophilic Esophagitis (EoE) is a condition that involves eosinophilic influx into the esophageal epithelium. It affects both children and adults; Adults present with dysphagia whereas children with vague abdominal complaints. The clinical symptoms as well as pathologic features of EoE and gastro esophageal reflux disease (GERD) are similar. Since eosinophilia in the esophagus is a non-specific finding, the clinical presentation in conjunction with endoscopic findings and pathology, is crucial in determining a differential diagnosis...
August 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716168/a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial-of-sublingual-immunotherapy-with-house-dust-mite-extract-for-allergic-rhinitis
#3
Yu Guo, Yanqing Li, Dehui Wang, Quan Liu, Zhuofu Liu, Li Hu
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) with house-dust mite (HDM) extract in Chinese patients with HDM-induced allergic rhinitis (AR). METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled trial was conducted with the outpatients of the Eye, Ear, Nose, and Throat Hospital, Fudan University. Forty-eight patients were eligible for randomization to SLIT with a mixture of Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus and Dermatophagoides farinae extract or placebo for 1 year...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712175/corneal-complications-and-visual-impairment-in-vernal-keratoconjunctivitis-patients
#4
Abdus Salam Arif, Bushra Aaqil, Afsheen Siddiqui, Zainab Nazneen, Umer Farooq
BACKGROUND: Vernal kerato-conjunctivitis (VKC) is an infrequent but serious form of allergic conjunctivitis common in warm and humid areas where air is rich in allergens. It affects both eyes asymmetrically. Although VKC is a self-limiting disease but visions affecting corneal complications influence the quality of life in school children. The aim of this study was to list the corneal complications due to this condition and to find out the extent of visual impairment among VKC patients...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711991/one-year-efficacy-of-adjunctive-use-of-ripasudil-a-rho-kinase-inhibitor-in-patients-with-glaucoma-inadequately-controlled-with-maximum-medical-therapy
#5
Hiroshi Inazaki, Satoshi Kobayashi, Yoko Anzai, Hisayoshi Satoh, Shimpei Sato, Maiko Inoue, Shin Yamane, Kazuaki Kadonosono
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the one-year efficacy, ability to lower intraocular pressure, and tolerability of ripasudil, a rho-kinase inhibitor, in patients with glaucoma inadequately controlled with maximum medical therapy. METHODS: This prospective, non-comparative, interventional case-series study included 39 patients with primary open-angle glaucoma inadequately controlled with maximum medical therapy before treatment with ripasudil. Ripasudil was administered twice per day as adjunctive therapy to ongoing glaucoma treatment...
July 15, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676431/efficacy-of-oral-immunotherapy-with-a-rice-based-edible-vaccine-containing-hypoallergenic-japanese-cedar-pollen-allergens-for-treatment-of-established-allergic-conjunctivitis-in-mice
#6
Ken Fukuda, Waka Ishida, Yosuke Harada, Yuhya Wakasa, Hidenori Takagi, Fumio Takaiwa, Atsuki Fukushima
BACKGROUND: We have previously shown that prophylactic oral administration of transgenic rice seeds expressing hypoallergenic modified antigens suppressed the development of allergic conjunctivitis induced by Japanese cedar pollen. We have now investigated the efficacy of oral immunotherapy with such transgenic rice for established allergic conjunctivitis in mice. METHODS: BALB/c mice were sensitized with two intraperitoneal injections of Japanese cedar pollen in alum, challenged with pollen in eyedrops, and then fed for 16 days with transgenic rice seeds expressing modified Japanese cedar pollen allergens Cry j 1 and Cry j 2 or with nontransgenic rice seeds as a control...
July 1, 2017: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673013/coumarins-from-the-roots-of-angelica-dahurica-cause-anti-allergic-inflammation
#7
Dong Li, Li Wu
Allergic inflammation is induced by allergens and leads to various allergic diseases, including rhinitis, asthma and conjunctivitis. Histamine is important in the pathogenesis of an immunoglobulin E-dependent allergic reaction and results in the secretion of cytokines associated with inflammation. Angelica dahurica (A. dahurica) is a medicinal plant widely used in China for the treatment of symptoms related to allergic inflammation. The present study investigated the chemical constituents from A. dahurica and evaluated their reductive effect on allergic inflammation...
July 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660739/pooled-efficacy-and-safety-data-for-house-dust-mite-sublingual-immunotherapy-tablets-in-adolescents
#8
Tomokazu Matsuoka, David I Bernstein, Keisuke Masuyama, Hendrik Nolte, Kazuhiro Okamiya, Dorthe Seitzberg, Harold S Nelson
BACKGROUND: House dust mite (HDM) respiratory allergy is a common and burdensome disease in children and adolescents. There are few HDM allergy immunotherapy trials in children with perennial allergic rhinitis. This post hoc analysis used pooled data to evaluate efficacy and safety of the SQ HDM sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) tablet in adolescents (12-17 years). METHODS: In 2 double-blind, placebo-controlled trials conducted in North America and Japan, respectively, subjects aged 12+ years with HDM allergic rhinitis were randomized to up to one year of treatment...
June 29, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658721/-prevalence-of-allergic-diseases-in-children-with-secondary-renal-tubular-acidosis-attending-a-tertiary-care-pediatric-center
#9
Blanca María Morfín-Maciel, Silvestre García-De la Puente, Aurora Bojórquez-Ochoa, Alfonso Huante-Anaya, Socorro Orozco-Martínez, Samuel Zaltzman-Girshevich, Elizabeth Guzmán-Vázquez
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested a high prevalence of allergic disease in children with RTA. OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of allergic diseases in children with secondary RTA (renal tubular acidosis) in the nephrology department of the National Institute of Pediatrics (NIP), México. METHODS: An observational, prospective, cross-sectional, descriptive study. Children with secondary RTA < 18 years who attended the outpatient nephrology service in the NIP for 24 months, were included...
April 2017: Revista Alergia Mexico: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Mexicana de Alergia e Inmunología, A.C
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656804/olopatadine-hydrochloride-ophthalmic-solution-for-the-treatment-of-allergic-conjunctivitis
#10
Alexei Gonzalez-Estrada, Keerthi Reddy, Ves Dimov, Frank Eidelman
Olopatadine hydrochloride is an antihistamine and mast cell stabilizer available as oral, intranasal and ocular preparations. Most of the practical applications of olopatadine therapy focus on the treatment of allergic rhinoconjunctivitis via intranasal and ocular routes. Areas covered: This article was created from a comprehensive literature search with information taken from meta-analyses, systematic reviews, and clinical trials of children and adults. The articles that have been selected, evaluate the use of intranasal and ocular antihistamines and their role in allergic rhinoconjunctivitis...
August 2017: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655660/novel-oleyl-amine-modified-polymannuronic-acid-micelle-loading-tacrolimus-for-therapy-of-allergic-conjunctivitis
#11
Mengyi Cong, Zhongyu Wu, Xuelian Xu, Jiaqi Yin, Hongxia Li, Bo Zhuang, Cheng Wang, Xia Zhao
Marine polysaccharide-based nanomaterial attracted considerable attention due to its biocompatibility and biodegradability. Here, a novel polymannuronic acid derivative (PM-C18) was synthesized as nanocarrier modified with hydrophobic oleyl amine. Its structure was confirmed by Fourier-transformed infrared spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance. To investigate its function, we developed tacrolimus (FK506) loaded nanoparticle by self-assembling PM-C18 and studied its drug loading, cytotoxicity and mechanism of in vitro release...
June 24, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652694/pooled-analysis-of-two-studies-evaluating-efficacy-and-safety-of-olopatadine-hydrochloride-0-77-in-patients-with-allergic-conjunctivitis
#12
Eugene McLaurin, Mark Bergmann, Abhijit Narvekar, Adeniyi Adewale, Paul Gomes, Gail Torkildsen
PURPOSE: Two individual phase 3 conjunctival allergen challenge (CAC) studies of similar design have assessed the efficacy and safety of olopatadine hydrochloride (HCl) 0.77% for the treatment of allergic conjunctivitis. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the integrated efficacy and safety of olopatadine HCl 0.77% from a larger dataset by pooling data from the two individual CAC studies. METHODS: Data were pooled from two phase 3, randomized, multicenter, double-masked, active- and vehicle-controlled CAC studies...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643716/prevalence-of-ocular-morbidity-in-school-going-children-in-west-uttar-pradesh
#13
Veer Singh, K P S Malik, V K Malik, Kirti Jain
AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aims to evaluate the prevalence and to make a comparison between the ocular morbidity pattern in school going children of urban and rural areas of West Uttar Pradesh. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A school-based cross-sectional study design was adopted to examine children aged 5-15 years in randomly selected urban and rural schools of West Uttar Pradesh from June 2012 to August 2014. An optometrist did the vision and refraction, and a detailed ophthalmic examination was done by an ophthalmologist...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632331/the-validity-of-register-data-to-identify-children-with-atopic-dermatitis-asthma-or-allergic-rhinoconjunctivitis
#14
Lone Graff Stensballe, Lotte Klansø, Andreas Jensen, Ann Haerskjold, Simon Francis Thomsen, Jacob Simonsen
BACKGROUND: The incidence of atopic dermatitis, wheezing, asthma and allergic rhinoconjunctivitis have been increasing. Register-based studies are essential for research in subpopulations with specific diseases, and facilitate epidemiological studies to identify causes and evaluate interventions. Algorithms have been developed to identify children with atopic dermatitis, asthma or allergic rhinoconjunctivitis using register information on disease-specific dispensed prescribed medication and hospital contacts, but the validity of the algorithms has not been evaluated...
June 20, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630085/risk-of-allergic-conjunctivitis-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-a-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study
#15
Yin-Huei Chen, Cheng-Li Lin, Da-Tian Bau, Yi-Chih Hung
OBJECTIVE: In accordance with the dichotomy between T helper type 1(Th1) and T helper type 2 (Th2) responses, the occurrence of allergic conjunctivitis (AC) and type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is, in theory, inversely related in the individual. However, recent studies investigating the association between the two diseases are controversial. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING: We used claims data of the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan...
June 19, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608416/increased-prevalence-of-allergic-asthma-from-1996-to-2006-and-further-to-2016-results-from-three-population-surveys
#16
Helena Backman, Petri Räisänen, Linnea Hedman, Caroline Stridsman, Martin Andersson, Anne Lindberg, Bo Lundbäck, Eva Rönmark
BACKGROUND: During the latter half of the 20(th) century the prevalence of asthma and many other allergic diseases has increased. Information on asthma prevalence trends after 2010, especially regarding studies separating allergic asthma from non-allergic asthma is lacking. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to estimate prevalence trends of current asthma, both allergic and non-allergic, from 1996 to 2016. METHODS: Three cross-sectional samples from the same area of Sweden, 20-69 years, participated in surveys with the same questionnaire in 1996 (n=7104 participants, 85% response rate), 2006 (n=6165, 77%) and 2016 (n=5466, 53%), respectively...
June 13, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603089/specific-allergen-immunotherapy-for-the-treatment-of-allergic-asthma-a-review-of-current-evidence
#17
J Dominguez-Ortega, J Delgado, C Blanco, L Prieto, E Arroabarren, M Cimarra, A Henriquez-Santana, J Iglesias-Souto, J M Vega-Chicote, A I Tabar
Asthma is frequently associated with atopy, characterized by the production of specific immunoglobulin E in response to environmental allergens. Currently, two types of allergen immunotherapy (AIT) are used in clinical practice: subcutaneous and sublingual immunotherapy, both accepted as key components of the therapeutic repertoire for allergic rhinitis and conjunctivitis. However, their role in asthma remains controversial. The present document is aimed at providing the clinicians with a review of the evidence on the use of AIT in asthma, focusing on the most relevant aspects of its mechanism of action, its efficacy, and existing data on safety, tolerability, and cost-effectivity, both in pediatric and adult populations...
June 2017: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593244/effect-of-mandarin-orange-yogurt-on-allergic-conjunctivitis-induced-by-conjunctival-allergen-challenge
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Yuko Hara, Atsushi Shiraishi, Yuri Sakane, Yuki Takezawa, Tomoyuki Kamao, Yuichi Ohashi, Sho Yasunaga, Takuya Sugahara
Purpose: To evaluate the effects of mandarin orange yogurt containing nobiletin and β-lactoglobulin on the allergic conjunctivitis induced by a conjunctival allergen challenge (CAC). Methods: Experiment 1 was performed on 26 asymptomatic patients (age, 25.3 ± 5.3 years) with proven seasonal allergic conjunctivitis due to cedar pollen. We compared the degree of conjunctivitis induced by CAC before and after ingesting mandarin orange yogurt for 2 weeks. Experiment 2 was a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial performed on 31 patients (age, 32...
June 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583485/demographics-and-clinical-features-predictive-of-allergic-versus-non-allergic-rhinitis-in-children-aged-6-18-years-a-single-center-experience-of-1535-patients
#19
Ignazio La Mantia, Claudio Andaloro
BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinitis (CR) is one of the most common causes accounting for lost-school days, absenteeism and resource utilization in pediatric patients. Distinction between common causes of CR, allergic (AR)and non-allergic rhinitis (NAR), based upon clinical features is critical, especially in primary care settings or facilities with lack of allergen sensitivity testing, as management strategies differ considerably. The current study elucidates clinical factors, particularly facial features associated with AR and NAR using a large cohort...
July 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574483/expression-profiling-of-strawberry-allergen-fra-a-during-fruit-ripening-controlled-by-exogenous-auxin
#20
Misaki Ishibashi, Hiroki Yoshikawa, Yuichi Uno
Strawberry fruit contain the allergenic Fra a proteins, members of the pathogenesis-related 10 protein family that causes oral allergic syndrome symptoms. Fra a proteins are involved in the flavonoid biosynthesis pathway, which might be important for color development in fruits. Auxin is an important plant hormone in strawberry fruit that controls fruit fleshiness and ripening. In this study, we treated strawberry fruits with exogenous auxin or auxin inhibitors at pre- and post-harvest stages, and analyzed Fra a transcriptional and translational expression levels during fruit development by real-time PCR and immunoblotting...
June 2, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
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