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Mohammad-Ali Yazdani Abyaneh, Peter Engel, Andrzej Slominski, Bruce Ragsdale, Richard Agag, Daniel Cramer, J Andrew Carlson
BACKGROUND: Giant basal cell carcinomas (GBCCs), (BCC ≥ 5 cm), are often painless, destructive tumors resulting from poorly understood patient neglect. OBJECTIVES: To elucidate etiopathogenic factors distinguishing GBCC from basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and identify predictors for disease-specific death (DSD). METHODS: Case-control study examining clinicopathologic and neuroactive factors (β-endorphin, met-enkephalin, serotonin, adrenocorticotropic hormone, and neurofilament expression) in GBCC and BCC...
October 18, 2016: American Journal of Dermatopathology
Evelyn H Schlenker
The arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus (ANH) interacts with other hypothalamic nuclei, forebrain regions, and downstream brain sites to affect autonomic nervous system outflow, energy balance, temperature regulation, sleep, arousal, neuroendocrine function, reproduction, and cardiopulmonary regulation. Compared to studies of other ANH functions, how the ANH regulates cardiopulmonary function is less understood. Importantly, the ANH exhibits structural and functional sexually dimorphic characteristics and contains numerous neuroactive substances and receptors including leptin, neuropeptide Y, glutamate, acetylcholine, endorphins, orexin, kisspeptin, insulin, Agouti-related protein, cocaine and amphetamine-regulated transcript, dopamine, somatostatin, components of renin-angiotensin system and gamma amino butyric acid that modulate physiological functions...
October 15, 2016: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
Tyler A Johnson, Laura Milan-Lobo, Tao Che, Madeline Ferwerda, Eptisam Lambo, Nicole L McIntosh, Fei Li, Li He, Nicholas Lorig-Roach, Phillip Crews, Jennifer Lynne Whistler
Opioid therapeutics are excellent analgesics, whose utility is compromised by dependence. Morphine (1) and its clinically relevant derivatives such as OxyContin® (4), Vicodin® (5) and Dilaudid® (6) are "biased" agonists at the µ opioid receptor (OR), wherein they engage G-protein signaling but poorly engage β-arrestin and the endocytic machinery. In contrast, the endorphins, met-enkephalin (14) and β-endorphin (15), endogenous peptide agonists for ORs, are more potent analgesics then 1, show reduced liability for tolerance and dependence, and engage both G-protein and β-arrestin pathways as "balanced" agonists...
October 17, 2016: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
Ali Bidari, Banafsheh Ghavidel-Parsa, Sahar Rajabi, Omid Sanaei, Mehrangiz Toutounchi
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the effect of strenuous exercise on β-endorphine (β-END) level in fibromyalgia (FM) patients compared to healthy subjects. METHODS: We enrolled 30 FM patients and 15 healthy individuals. All study participants underwent a treadmill exercise test using modified Bruce protocol (M.Bruce). The goal of the test was achieving at least 70% of the predicted maximal heart rate (HRMax). The serum levels of β-END were measured before and after the exercise program...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Pain
Maria Pannell, Dominika Labuz, Melih Ö Celik, Jacqueline Keye, Arvind Batra, Britta Siegmund, Halina Machelska
BACKGROUND: During the inflammation which occurs following nerve damage, macrophages are recruited to the site of injury. Phenotypic diversity is a hallmark of the macrophage lineage and includes pro-inflammatory M1 and anti-inflammatory M2 populations. Our aim in this study was to investigate the ability of polarized M0, M1, and M2 macrophages to secrete opioid peptides and to examine their relative contribution to the modulation of neuropathic pain. METHODS: Mouse bone marrow-derived cells were cultured as unstimulated M0 macrophages or were stimulated into an M1 phenotype using lipopolysaccharide and interferon-γ or into an M2 phenotype using interleukin-4...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Neuroinflammation
Cezary Skobowiat, Arnold E Postlethwaite, Andrzej T Slominski
The back skin of C57BL/6 mice was exposed to a single 400 mJ/cm(2) dose of ultraviolet B (UVB), and parameters of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis in relation to immune activity were tested after 30-90 min following irradiation. Levels of brain and/or plasma corticotropin releasing hormone (CRH), β-endorphin, ACTH and corticosterone (CORT) were enhanced by UVB. Hypophysectomy had no effect on UVB-induced increases of CORT. Mitogen induced IFNγ production by splenocytes from UVB-treated mice was inhibited at 30, 90 min and after 24 h...
September 26, 2016: Photochemistry and Photobiology
R I M Dunbar, Ben Teasdale, Jackie Thompson, Felix Budelmann, Sophie Duncan, Evert van Emde Boas, Laurie Maguire
Fiction, whether in the form of storytelling or plays, has a particular attraction for us: we repeatedly return to it and are willing to invest money and time in doing so. Why this is so is an evolutionary enigma that has been surprisingly underexplored. We hypothesize that emotionally arousing drama, in particular, triggers the same neurobiological mechanism (the endorphin system, reflected in increased pain thresholds) that underpins anthropoid primate and human social bonding. We show that, compared to subjects who watch an emotionally neutral film, subjects who watch an emotionally arousing film have increased pain thresholds and an increased sense of group bonding...
September 2016: Royal Society Open Science
Jun-Ying Du, Yi Liang, Jun-Fan Fang, Yong-Liang Jiang, Xiao-Mei Shao, Xiao-Fen He, Jian-Qiao Fang
Exogenous and endogenous opioids have been shown to modulate the immune system. Morphine-induced immunosuppression has been investigated extensively. However, the immune-regulating function of endogenous opioid peptides is unclear. The present study aimed to evaluate the difference in effects on cellular immune function between recombinant rat β-endorphin (β-EP; 50 µg/kg) and plant source morphine (10 mg/kg) via intraperitoneal injection treatment in a rat model of bone cancer pain. Walker 256 cells were injected into a tibial cavity injection to establish the bone cancer pain model...
October 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Wei-Wei Chen, Xia Zhang, Wen-Juan Huang
Pain and anxiety are the most common neurological responses to many harmful or noxious stimuli and their management clinically is often challenging. Many of the frequently used morphine-based drugs, non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs and acetaminophen, while efficient for treating pain, lead to patients suffering from several unwanted side effects. Melatonin, produced from the pineal body is a hormone of darkness, is involved in the control of circadian rhythms, and exerts a number of pharmacological effects...
October 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Darija Mahović, Fanika Mrsić
Dear Editor, the practitioners of traditional Chinese medicine described psoriasis some 2000 years ago (1). Psoriasis vulgaris is a common, chronic inflammatory skin disease whose worldwide prevalence ranges from 0.1-3% (2,3). Understanding the role of the immune system in psoriasis and the interplay between the innate and adaptive immune system has helped to manage this complex disease, which affects patients far beyond the skin changes themselves (2). In addition to the usual and widely accepted methods of treatment of psoriasis, including topical therapies, phototherapy, and conventional and biological systemic therapies, data can be found in the literature that suggest a favorable effect of acupuncture on the course of psoriasis (4,5)...
August 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
Rebecca C Price, Nicolas V Christou, Steven B Backman, Laura Stone, Petra Schweinhardt
RATIONALE: Endogenous opioids inhibit nociceptive processing and promote the experience of pleasure. It has been proposed that pain and pleasure lie at opposite ends of an affective spectrum, but the relationship between pain and pleasure and the role of opioids in mediating this relationship has not been tested. OBJECTIVES: Here, we used obese individuals as a model of a dysfunctional opioid system to assess the role of the endogenous opioid peptide, beta-endorphin, on pain and pleasure sensitivity...
September 22, 2016: Psychopharmacology
Jichao Sha, Cuida Meng, Lin Li, Na Cui, Qian Xiu, Dongdong Zhu
Background. Allergic rhinitis (AR) significantly impairs the quality of life of the patients; however, a questionnaire alone is an insufficient and subjective measure of this condition. Obtaining an objective clinical assessment of the level of impairment will be valuable for its treatment. β-Endorphin is one of the most important mediators of both mental state and specific immunity. Thus, we investigated the possibility of using β-endorphin as a biomarker for evaluating the impairment level in AR. Methods...
2016: Disease Markers
A Feldreich, M Ernberg, A Rosén
The mechanisms of relief from persistent pain after temporomandibular joint (TMJ) surgery are not well studied. It was hypothesized that if persistent pain is relieved by TMJ surgery, up-regulated parts of the central nervous system will be desensitized and the neuroendocrine opioid release will decrease back to normal levels. Eleven female patients with a mean age of 47.4±19.4 years and with TMJ pain due to chronic closed lock were examined before and 6-24 months after TMJ discectomy. The effects on plasma β-endorphin levels, pain intensity, and pain thresholds were analyzed...
September 13, 2016: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Dominika Labuz, Melih Ö Celik, Andreas Zimmer, Halina Machelska
Neuropathic pain often results from peripheral nerve damage, which can involve immune response. Local leukocyte-derived opioid peptides or exogenous opioid agonists inhibit neuropathy-induced mechanical hypersensitivity in animal models. Since neuropathic pain can also be augmented by heat, in this study we investigated the role of opioids in the modulation of neuropathy-evoked heat hypersensitivity. We used a chronic constriction injury of the sciatic nerve in wild-type and opioid peptide-knockout mice, and tested opioid effects in heat and mechanical hypersensitivity using Hargreaves and von Frey tests, respectively...
2016: Scientific Reports
Marta Kiałka, Tomasz Milewicz, Sandra Mrozińska, Iwona Rogatko, Krystyna Sztefko, Renata Majewska
BACKGROUND: Despite some evidence that indicates that the evolution of PCOS is related to the activity of the endogenous opioid system, and that concentration of plasma β-endorphin levels can increase pain threshold, there are no studies which evaluate pressure pain threshold in the PCOS women population. METHODS: In 48 lean women with PCOS and 38 lean women without this disorder plasma β-endorphins and PPT were measured. RESULTS: The Beta-endorphins level was higher in the PCOS group compared to the controls (15...
September 7, 2016: Minerva Endocrinologica
S V Gein, T A Baeva, V O Nebogatikov
It has been demonstrated that β-endorphin stimulates the zymosan-induced secretion of reactive oxygen species and suppresses the spontaneous production of IL-1β and IL-10 by murine peritoneal macrophages in vivo.
July 2016: Doklady Biological Sciences: Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Biological Sciences Sections
S Corner, T Walsh, L Padilla, A MacNeill, M Wallig, M Kiupel, K Terio
Clouded leopards in North American zoological institutions have a high frequency of pheochromocytomas and were identified in 32 of 70 (45%) animals necropsied. Archival sections of adrenal gland from 20 adult clouded leopards with unilateral or bilateral pheochromocytomas collected between 1984 and 2011 were examined by light microscopy and immunohistochemistry, and case demographics were reviewed. Affected leopards were older than 10 years of age (mean, 16 years; range, 11-19 years), and males were overrepresented (12 males, 8 females)...
August 19, 2016: Veterinary Pathology
Bronwyn Tarr, Jacques Launay, Robin I M Dunbar
Moving in synchrony leads to cooperative behaviour and feelings of social closeness, and dance (involving synchronisation to others and music) may cause social bonding, possibly as a consequence of released endorphins. This study uses an experimental paradigm to determine which aspects of synchrony in dance are associated with changes in pain threshold (a proxy for endorphin release) and social bonding between strangers. Those who danced in synchrony experienced elevated pain thresholds, whereas those in the partial and asynchrony conditions experienced no analgesic effects...
September 2016: Evolution and Human Behavior: Official Journal of the Human Behavior and Evolution Society
Marta Kiałka, Tomasz Milewicz, Krystyna Sztefko, Iwona Rogatko, Renata Majewska
BACKGROUND: Despite the strong preclinical rationale, there are only very few data considering the utility of metformin as a potential pain therapeutic in humans. The aim of this study was to determine the association between metformin therapy and pressure pain threshold (PPT) in lean women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). We hypothesized that metformin therapy in lean PCOS women increases PPT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-seven lean PCOS women with free androgen index phenotype >5 and 18 lean healthy controls were enrolled in the study...
2016: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
A Buryanov, A Kostrub, V Kotiuk
BACKGROUND: The question of hormonal dysregulation in patients with CRPS I in whole was investigated very scantily. There are only a few studies concerning catecholamines, oestrogens and endorphins independently. Other hormones were studied in patients with different other chronic pain conditions. Considering the accumulation of sufficient knowledge about the role of disadaptation processes in CRPS I pathogenesis and the role of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal and hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian systems in the process of adaptation it was logical and consistent to define the role of hormonal dysregulation of these systems in patients with CRPS I...
August 10, 2016: European Journal of Pain: EJP
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