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Oncology cancer outcomes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645200/prognostic-awareness-prognostic-communication-and-cognitive-function-in-patients-with-malignant-glioma
#1
Eli L Diamond, Holly G Prigerson, Denise C Correa, Anne Reiner, Katherine Panageas, Maria Kryza-Lacombe, Justin Buthorn, Elizabeth C Neil, Alex M Miller, Lisa M DeAngelis, Allison J Applebaum
Background: Malignant glioma (MG) is a devastating neuro-oncologic disease with almost invariably poor prognosis. Prognostic awareness (PA) is the awareness of incurable disease and shortened life-expectancy (LE). Accurate PA is associated with favorable psychological outcomes at the end-of-life (EOL) for patients with cancer, however little is known about PA or prognostic communication in MG. Moreover, research has yet to evaluate the impact of cognitive impairment on PA and preferred forms of communication...
June 22, 2017: Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644837/real-world-first-line-treatment-and-overall-survival-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-without-known-egfr-mutations-or-alk-rearrangements-in-us-community-oncology-setting
#2
Amy P Abernethy, Ashwini Arunachalam, Thomas Burke, Caroline McKay, Xiting Cao, Rachael Sorg, David P Carbone
PURPOSE: To establish a baseline for care and overall survival (OS) based upon contemporary first-line treatments prescribed in the era before the introduction of immune checkpoint inhibitors, for people with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) without common actionable mutations. METHODS: Using a nationally representative electronic health record data from the Flatiron dataset which included 162 practices from different regions in US, we identified patients (≥18 years old) newly diagnosed with stage IV NSCLC initiating first-line anticancer therapy (November 2012- January 2015, with follow-up through July 2015)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644545/robotic-versus-laparoscopic-rectal-surgery-in-high-risk-patients
#3
Jamil Ahmed, Han Cao, Sofoklis Panteleimonitis, Jim Khan, Amjad Parvaiz
AIM: Laparoscopic rectal surgery is associated with a steep learning curve and high conversion rate despite progress in equipment design and consistent practice. The robotic system has shown the advantage over laparoscopic approach due to stable three-dimensional views, improved dexterity and better ergonomics. These factors make the robotic approach more favourable for rectal surgery. The aim of this study was to compare the perioperative outcomes of laparoscopic and robotic rectal cancer surgery in high-risk patients...
June 23, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643075/a-standardized-comparison-of-peri-operative-complications-after-minimally-invasive-esophagectomy-ivor-lewis-versus-mckeown
#4
Andrew M Brown, Michael J Pucci, Adam C Berger, Talar Tatarian, Nathaniel R Evans, Ernest L Rosato, Francesco Palazzo
BACKGROUND: While our institutional approach to esophageal resection for cancer has traditionally favored a minimally invasive (MI) 3-hole, McKeown esophagectomy (MIE 3-hole) during the last five years several factors has determined a shift in our practice with an increasing number of minimally invasive Ivor Lewis (MIE IL) resections being performed. We compared peri-operative outcomes of the two procedures, hypothesizing that MIE IL would be less morbid in the peri-operative setting compared to MIE 3-hole...
June 22, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643065/laparoscopic-distal-pancreatectomy-for-pancreatic-cancer-is-safe-and-effective
#5
Marita D Bauman, David G Becerra, E Molly Kilbane, Nicholas J Zyromski, C Max Schmidt, Henry A Pitt, Attila Nakeeb, Michael G House, Eugene P Ceppa
PURPOSE: To compare the short-term and oncologic outcomes of patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) undergoing laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (LDP) and open distal pancreatectomy (ODP). METHODS: Consecutive cases of distal pancreatectomy (DP) (n = 422) were reviewed at a single high-volume institution over a 10-year period (2005-2014). Inclusion criteria consisted of any patient with PDAC by surgical pathology. Ninety-day outcomes were monitored through a prospectively maintained pancreatic resection database...
June 22, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643051/long-term-outcomes-by-a-transanal-approach-to-total-mesorectal-excision-for-rectal-cancer
#6
John H Marks, Elizabeth A Myers, Erik L Zeger, Albert S Denittis, Mounica Gummadi, Gerald J Marks
BACKGROUND: The challenge of performing a good total mesorectal excision (TME) dissection, particularly in the distal 1/3 of the rectum, has spurred interest in new techniques. Robotic surgery is advocated by some, and more recently, a "new" approach, the transanal total mesorectal excision, has been popularized to address this problem. While great interest in this technique exists, little long-term outcome data are available. We have been utilizing a transanal abdominal transanal approach to TME in order to facilitate the distal dissection, and here, we provide our long-term outcomes using this approach in the management of rectal cancer...
June 22, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642008/concurrent-once-daily-versus-twice-daily-chemoradiotherapy-in-patients-with-limited-stage-small-cell-lung-cancer-convert-an-open-label-phase-3-randomised-superiority-trial
#7
Corinne Faivre-Finn, Michael Snee, Linda Ashcroft, Wiebke Appel, Fabrice Barlesi, Adityanarayan Bhatnagar, Andrea Bezjak, Felipe Cardenal, Pierre Fournel, Susan Harden, Cecile Le Pechoux, Rhona McMenemin, Nazia Mohammed, Mary O'Brien, Jason Pantarotto, Veerle Surmont, Jan P Van Meerbeeck, Penella J Woll, Paul Lorigan, Fiona Blackhall
BACKGROUND: Concurrent chemoradiotherapy is the standard of care in limited-stage small-cell lung cancer, but the optimal radiotherapy schedule and dose remains controversial. The aim of this study was to establish a standard chemoradiotherapy treatment regimen in limited-stage small-cell lung cancer. METHODS: The CONVERT trial was an open-label, phase 3, randomised superiority trial. We enrolled adult patients (aged ≥18 years) who had cytologically or histologically confirmed limited-stage small-cell lung cancer, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0-2, and adequate pulmonary function...
June 19, 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641461/the-impact-of-data-errors-on-the-outcome-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#8
Marc Buyse, Pierre Squifflet, Elisabeth Coart, Emmanuel Quinaux, Cornelis Ja Punt, Everardo D Saad
Background/aims Considerable human and financial resources are typically spent to ensure that data collected for clinical trials are free from errors. We investigated the impact of random and systematic errors on the outcome of randomized clinical trials. Methods We used individual patient data relating to response endpoints of interest in two published randomized clinical trials, one in ophthalmology and one in oncology. These randomized clinical trials enrolled 1186 patients with age-related macular degeneration and 736 patients with metastatic colorectal cancer...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640844/the-g8-screening-tool-enhances-prognostic-value-to-ecog-performance-status-in-elderly-cancer-patients-a-retrospective-single-institutional-study
#9
Masahiro Takahashi, Masanobu Takahashi, Keigo Komine, Hideharu Yamada, Yuki Kasahara, Sonoko Chikamatsu, Akira Okita, Shukuei Ito, Kota Ouchi, Yoshinari Okada, Hiroo Imai, Ken Saijo, Hidekazu Shirota, Shin Takahashi, Takahiro Mori, Hideki Shimodaira, Chikashi Ishioka
BACKGROUND: Some elderly cancer patients, even with good Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG-PS), have poor survival outcomes and cannot tolerate standard therapy. Few studies have detailed the associations between the G8 screening tool, ECOG-PS, and overall survival (OS) in such patients. METHODS: Cancer patients, aged 70 years or older, were assessed for G8 and classified into three groups according to their G8 score: <11 as the low score group, 11-14 as the intermediate score group, and >14 as the high score group...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639136/long-term-oncologic-outcomes-of-robotic-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer-compared-with-laparoscopic-gastrectomy
#10
Kazutaka Obama, Yoo-Min Kim, Dae Ryong Kang, Taeil Son, Hyoung-Il Kim, Sung Hoon Noh, Woo Jin Hyung
BACKGROUND: Initial experiences with robotic gastrectomy (RG) for gastric cancer have demonstrated favorable short-term outcomes, suggesting that RG is an effective alternative to laparoscopic gastrectomy (LG). However, data on long-term survival and recurrence after RG for gastric cancer have yet to be reported. The objective of this study was to assess long-term outcomes after RG compared with LG. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 313 and 524 patients who underwent RG or LG, respectively, for gastric cancer between July 2005 and December 2009...
June 21, 2017: Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639097/effect-of-an-internet-based-telehealth-system-on-functional-capacity-and-cognition-in-breast-cancer-survivors-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Noelia Galiano-Castillo, Manuel Arroyo-Morales, Mario Lozano-Lozano, Carolina Fernández-Lao, Lydia Martín-Martín, Rosario Del-Moral-Ávila, Irene Cantarero-Villanueva
PURPOSE: This trial determines the effect of an Internet-based tailored exercise program compared to usual care control for improving functional capacity and cognition among breast cancer survivors. METHODS: A two-arm, assessor-blinded, parallel, randomized controlled efficacy trial was conducted. Participants were recruited from the Oncology and Breast unit at the Virgen de las Nieves Hospital (Granada, Spain) between March 2012 to November 2013 and randomized to either the experimental group (an 8-week Internet-based tailored exercise program) or control group (usual care)...
June 22, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639037/long-term-oncological-outcomes-of-submucosal-manipulation-during-non-curative-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-for-submucosal-invasive-gastric-cancer-a-multicenter-retrospective-study-in-japan
#12
Hirotaka Ito, Takuji Gotoda, Tsuneo Oyama, Noboru Kawata, Akiko Takahashi, Yoshikazu Yoshifuku, Shu Hoteya, Masahiro Nakagawa, Waku Hatta, Masaaki Hirano, Mitsuru Esaki, Mitsuru Matsuda, Ken Ohnita, Ryo Shimoda, Motoyuki Yoshida, Osamu Dohi, Jun Takada, Keiko Tanaka, Shinya Yamada, Tsuyotoshi Tsuji, Yoshiaki Hayashi, Naoki Nakaya, Tomohiro Nakamura, Tooru Shimosegawa
BACKGROUND: Sufficient information is not available on the extent to which lymph node metastasis (LNM) and prognosis are affected by submucosal manipulation during endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for submucosal invasive gastric cancer (SMGC). We aimed to identify the effects of submucosal manipulation during ESD on LNM and prognosis in patients with SMGC. METHODS: From 19 institutions in Japan, 2526 patients who failed to meet the current curative criteria for ESD between 2000 and 2011 were recruited...
June 21, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638798/robot-assisted-laparoscopic-vs-open-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Stefano Caruso, Alberto Patriti, Franco Roviello, Lorenzo De Franco, Franco Franceschini, Graziano Ceccarelli, Andrea Coratti
AIM: To evaluate the potential effectiveness of robot-assisted gastrectomy (RAG) in comparison to open gastrectomy (OG) for gastric cancer patients. METHODS: A comprehensive systematic literature search using PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library was carried out to identify studies comparing RAG and OG in gastric cancer. Participants of any age and sex were considered for inclusion in comparative studies of the two techniques independently from type of gastrectomy...
June 10, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637567/the-impact-of-early-recurrence-on-quality-of-life-after-cytoreduction-with-hipec
#14
Nathan M Hinkle, Vandana Botta, John P Sharpe, Paxton Dickson, Jeremiah Deneve, Gitonga Munene
Improved oncological outcomes after cytoreductive surgery (CRS) with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) in highly selected patients have been well documented. The extensive nature of the procedure adversely affects quality of life (QoL). The aim of this study is to longitudinally evaluate QoL following CRS/HIPEC. This is a retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database of patients with peritoneal malignancies undergoing CRS/HIPEC. Clinicopathological data, oncologic outcomes, and QoL were analyzed preoperatively and postoperatively at 2 weeks, and 1, 3, 6, and 12 months...
June 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637039/different-impacts-of-preoperative-radiotherapy-and-chemoradiotherapy-on-oncological-outcomes-in-patients-with-stages-ii-and-iii-lower-rectal-cancer-a-propensity-score-analysis
#15
Hirotoshi Takiyama, Kazushige Kawai, Soichiro Ishihara, Koji Yasuda, Kensuke Otani, Takeshi Nishikawa, Toshiaki Tanaka, Tomomichi Kiyomatsu, Keisuke Hata, Hiroaki Nozawa, Teppei Morikawa, Toshiaki Watanabe
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The neoadjuvant therapy for locally advanced rectal cancer has been changed from radiotherapy (RT) to chemoradiotherapy (CRT). This study is aimed at evaluating the benefit of CRT in patients with stage II or III lower rectal cancer, with regard to the impact on recurrence. METHODS: A total of 474 patients with clinical stage II or III lower rectal cancer who received either preoperative RT (n = 221) or CRT (n = 253) followed by total mesorectal excision were identified from our institutional database...
June 21, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635987/integrative-review-of-facility-interventions-to-manage-compassion-fatigue-in-oncology-nurses
#16
Dorien Wentzel, Petra Brysiewicz
PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION: Oncology nurses are regularly exposed to high-stress situations that may lead to compassion fatigue, and many institutions have implemented interventions to reduce burnout in nurses, but knowledge on the feasiblity, effectiveness, and nurses' experience of interventions is lacking.
. LITERATURE SEARCH: Electronic search of literature published from 1992-2015 was performed to evaluate in-facility interventions to manage compassion fatigue in oncology nurses...
May 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635974/conceptual-issues-surrounding-quality-of-life-in-oncology-nursing
#17
Marie Flannery
Quality of life (QOL) is a critical, prevalent, and enduring concept in oncology nursing research and practice. QOL is a paramount issue in the consideration of treatment, goal planning, and decision making for individuals with cancer, their families, and their care providers. Journals, well-developed valid and reliable instruments, and multiple conceptual models and frameworks are devoted to QOL. This column will review two broad conceptual aspects to consider in relation to QOL. First, conceptual considerations will be discussed for the definition and measurement of QOL...
May 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635237/-comparison-of-the-short-term-and-long-term-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-surgery-and-open-surgery-for-early-stage-cervical-cancer
#18
H Y He, Z J Yang, D Y Zeng, D S Yao, J T Fan, R F Zhao, J Q Zhang, X X Hu, Z Lin, Y M Jiang, L Li
Objective: To evaluate the short-term and long-term outcomes after laparoscopic surgery compared with traditional laparotomy in cases of stage ⅠA2-ⅡA2 cervical cancer. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study on the clinical data of 1 863 patients diagnosed as FIGO stages ⅠA2-ⅡA2 cervical cancer in 6 third-grade class-A hospitals in Guangxi province between January 2007 and May 2014. One thousand and seventy-one received laparoscopy, and 792 received laparotomy. T-test, U-test and χ(2) test were used to compare the short-term and long-term outcomes...
June 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634655/effect-of-adherence-on-pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic-relationships-of-oral-targeted-anticancer-drugs
#19
Evelina Cardoso, Chantal Csajka, Marie P Schneider, Nicolas Widmer
The emergence of oral targeted anticancer agents transformed several cancers into chronic conditions with a need for long-term oral treatment. Although cancer is a life-threatening condition, oncology medication adherence-the extent to which a patient follows the drug regimen that is intended by the prescriber-can be suboptimal in the long term, as in any other chronic disease. Poor adherence can impact negatively on clinical outcomes, notably because most of these drugs are given as a standard non-individualized dosage despite marked inter-individual variabilities that can lead to toxic or inefficacious drug concentrations...
June 20, 2017: Clinical Pharmacokinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634646/the-role-of-robotics-in-the-invasive-management-of-bladder-cancer
#20
REVIEW
Pramit Khetrapal, Wei Shen Tan, Benjamin Lamb, Melanie Tan, Hilary Baker, James Thompson, Ashwin Sridhar, John D Kelly, Tim Briggs
Robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) has been adopted widely in many centres, owed largely to the success of robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP). It aims to replicate the oncological outcomes of open radical cystectomy (ORC), while providing a shorter recovery period. Despite this, previous RCTs have failed to show a benefit for RARC over ORC. These trials have compared extracorporeal RARC (eRARC) with ORC, which requires a further incision to mobilise the bowel for urinary reconstruction with an open technique...
August 2017: Current Urology Reports
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