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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212381/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-for-the-treatment-of-bronchiolitis-in-infants-a-systematic-review
#1
Kok Pim Kua, Shaun Wen Huey Lee
BACKGROUND: Bronchiolitis is a common cause of hospitalization among infants. The limited effectiveness of conventional medication has prompted the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) as alternative or adjunctive therapy for the management of bronchiolitis. AIMS: To determine the effectiveness and safety of CAM for the treatment of bronchiolitis in infants aged less than 2 years. METHODS: A systematic electronic search was performed in Medline, Embase, CINAHL, AMED, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) from their respective inception to June 30, 2016 for studies evaluating CAM as an intervention to treat bronchiolitis in infants (1 month to 2 years of age)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211646/observational-study-on-the-dispensing-of-cough-syrups-to-children-with-acute-cough-by-community-pharmacists-in-france
#2
François-André Allaert, Stéphanie Villet, Stéphane Vincent, Laurent Sauve
BACKGROUND: Over-the-counter medicines may be proposed by pharmacists for children with acute cough. Study objectives were to describe the sociodemographic profile of children who were proposed a cough syrup by a pharmacist, the nature of the cough and type(s) of cough syrup proposed and to assess the evolution of the cough, tolerance and satisfaction with treatment. METHODS: Observational, prospective, longitudinal, multicentre study with 157 pharmacies in France...
February 17, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211600/feasibility-of-early-physical-therapy-for-dizziness-after-a-sports-related-concussion-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
J C Reneker, A Hassen, R S Phillips, M C Moughiman, M Donaldson, J Moughiman
The purpose of this study was to (a) assess the feasibility of recruitment/retention of participants, protocol/resource management, and participant safety, and (b) estimate the size of the effect between the experimental and control groups. This was a feasibility study conducted as a prospective pilot double-blind randomized clinical trial. Subjects aged 10-23 years old with acute concussion and dizziness were enrolled from sports medicine centers. Forty-one participants were randomized into treatment and were seen for physical therapy beginning at 10 days post-concussion...
February 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208985/pattern-of-inpatient-dermatology-consultations-in-a-tertiary-care-centre-from-northern-india
#4
Abhilasha Williams, Anuradha Bhatia, Bimal Kanish, Paulina Rose Chaudhary, Clarence James Samuel
INTRODUCTION: The importance of dermatology inpatient consultation is of significant importance yet is not well documented. AIM: To retrospectively analyse the spectrum of dermatology inpatient consultations from the various departments and to document the most commonly occurring dermatological disorders from each speciality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was done in an 800 bedded premier teaching hospital in Ludhiana, Punjab, North Western India...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207666/are-they-complying-physicians-knowledge-attitudes-and-readiness-to-change-regarding-low-back-pain-treatment-guideline-adherence
#5
Sheera Epstein-Sher, Dena H Jaffe, Amnon Lahad
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey of 145 primary care practitioners (PCPs). OBJECTIVE: To examine low back pain (LBP) guideline knowledge, readiness to implement (RTI) these guidelines, and LBP attitudes and beliefs among Israeli PCPs and determine whether physician age, guideline familiarity, and medical specialty affect these variables. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: LBP is a common condition managed primarily by PCPs. Little is known, however, about physician's LBP knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs and how these factors (knowledge, A&B) influence their practice behavior...
February 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207664/descriptive-analysis-of-spinal-neuroaxial-injections-surgical-interventions-and-physical-therapy-utilization-for-degenerative-lumbar-spondylolisthesis-within-medicare-beneficiaries-from-2000-to-2011
#6
Joseph A Sclafani, Alexandra Constantin, Pei-Shu Ho, Venu Akuthota, Leighton Chan
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective, observational study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the utilization of various treatment modalities in the management of degenerative spondylolisthesis within Medicare beneficiaries. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis is a condition often identified in symptomatic low back pain. A variety of treatment algorithms including physical therapy and interventional techniques can be used to manage clinically significant degenerative spondylolisthesis...
February 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204931/postero-inferior-pedicle-surgical-technique-for-the-treatment-of-grade-iii-gynecomastia
#7
Sophie Thiénot, Nicolas Bertheuil, Raphaël Carloni, Cécile Méal, Sylvie Aillet, Christian Herlin, Eric Watier
INTRODUCTION: Surgical treatment of Grade III gynecomastia generally utilizes mastectomy techniques and free transplantation of the nipple-areola complex. Moreover, with rising obesity rates and the development of bariatric surgery, an increasing demand for correctional surgery for pseudogynecomastia has been observed, which is comparable to Grade III gynecomastia in terms of its surgical management. Here, we describe an innovative technique to deal with these new demands: fascio-cutaneous flap by postero-inferior pedicle...
February 15, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202365/optimising-the-use-of-medicines-to-reduce-acute-kidney-injury-in-children-and-babies
#8
REVIEW
L Oni, D B Hawcutt, M A Turner, M W Beresford, S McWilliam, C Barton, B K Park, P Murray, B Wilm, I Copple, R Floyd, M Peak, A Sharma, D J Antoine
The majority of medications in children are administered in an unlicensed or off-label manner. Paediatricians are obliged to prescribe using the limited evidence available. The 2007 EU regulation on the use of paediatric drugs means pharmaceutical companies are now obliged to (and receive incentives for) contributing to paediatric drug data and carrying out paediatric clinical trials. This is important, as the efficacy and adverse effect profiles of medicines vary across childhood. Additionally, there are significant age-related changes in the pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic activity of many drugs...
February 12, 2017: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180043/preoperative-protective-endovascular-covered-stent-placement-followed-by-surgery-for-management-of-the-cervical-common-and-internal-carotid-arteries-with-tumor-encasement
#9
Michael R Markiewicz, Phillip Pirgousis, Curtis Bryant, James C Cunningham, Roi Dagan, Sukhwinder J Sandhu, Daniel A Siragusa, Arun Gopinath, Rui Fernandes
Objective The objective of this study was to report the outcomes on a preliminary cohort of patients with tumor encasement of either, or both, the cervical internal carotid artery (ICA) and common carotid artery (CCA) following preoperative covered stent placement and surgical resection. Setting This study was set at the University of Florida College of Medicine, Jacksonville, FL. Participants Subjects who received preoperative stenting of the cervical ICA/CCA before surgical resection of head and neck tumors between April 1, 2015, and July 31, 2015 were participated...
February 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179604/ability-of-community-pharmacists-to-promote-self-care-and-self-medication-by-local-residents-i-improvements-in-bone-mineral-density
#10
Yoshiko Wada, Yuko Wada, Satoko Ennyu, Ken-Ichi Shimokawa, Fumiyoshi Ishii
This study was conducted in order to establish a health management method for the elderly in a community through follow-ups of bone mineral density (BMD) measurement results over a 1-year period based on BMD measurements performed by pharmacists and a guidance program. Regarding BMD measurement results, the percent young adult mean (%YAM: mean BMD in healthy persons of the same sex aged between 51 and 82 years old) significantly increased in Period I, during which the intervention by pharmacists was performed (6 months after the start of measurements), but significantly decreased in Period II, during which this intervention was not performed (between 7 and 12 months after the start of measurements)...
February 8, 2017: Drug Discoveries & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175979/mind-the-treatment-gap-a-global-perspective-on-current-and-future-strategies-for-prevention-of-fragility-fractures
#11
REVIEW
N C W Harvey, E V McCloskey, P J Mitchell, B Dawson-Hughes, D D Pierroz, J-Y Reginster, R Rizzoli, C Cooper, J A Kanis
This narrative review considers the key challenges facing healthcare professionals and policymakers responsible for providing care to populations in relation to bone health. These challenges broadly fall into four distinct themes: (1) case finding and management of individuals at high risk of fracture, (2) public awareness of osteoporosis and fragility fractures, (3) reimbursement and health system policy and (4) epidemiology of fracture in the developing world. Findings from cohort studies, randomised controlled trials, systematic reviews and meta-analyses, in addition to current clinical guidelines, position papers and national and international audits, are summarised, with the intention of providing a prioritised approach to delivery of optimal bone health for all...
February 7, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170280/super-users-at-an-acupuncture-and-oriental-medicine-teaching-clinic-demographics-and-unique-clinical-characteristics
#12
Forrest Cooper, Benjamin L Marx, Tamsin L Lee, Deborah Espesete
OBJECTIVE: The use of acupuncture in the United States has consistently grown over the last two decades, and the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health has recently called for greater understanding of "real life outcomes and use" by complementary and alternative medicine users. This study assesses the demographics and utilization patterns of "super-users" treated at the Oregon College of Oriental Medicine intern clinic. METHODS: This was a retrospective chart review at the Oregon College of Oriental Medicine (OCOM) intern clinic, a large acupuncture and oriental medicine (AOM) school in Portland, Oregon...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169870/the-role-of-registries-and-genetic-databases-in-familial-hypercholesterolemia
#13
Iris Kindt, Pedro Mata, Joshua W Knowles
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review how leveraging familial hypercholesterolemia registries can impact molecular genetic research and precision medicine. RECENT FINDINGS: Familial hypercholesterolemia is both much more common and more phenotypically heterogeneous than previously thought with some evidence for significant genotype to phenotype correlations. Genetic testing for familial hypercholesterolemia is becoming both more widely available and cheaper, spurring conversations about its clinical utility...
February 6, 2017: Current Opinion in Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168109/investigation-of-helicobacter-pylori-infection-among-symptomatic-children-in-hangzhou-from-2007-to-2014-a-retrospective-study-with-12-796-cases
#14
Xiaoli Shu, Mingfang Ping, Guofeng Yin, Mizu Jiang
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The infection of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is acquired in childhood and the prevalence vary greatly in different countries and regions. The study aimed to investigate the characteristics of H. pylori infection among children with gastrointestinal symptoms in Hangzhou, a representative city of eastern China. METHODS: A systematic surveillance of H. pylori infection according to the (13)C-urea breath test was conducted from January 2007 to December 2014 in the Children's hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167655/improving-community-access-to-terminal-phase-medicines-through-the-implementation-of-a-core-medicines-list-in-south-australian-community-pharmacies
#15
Paul Tait, Chris Horwood, Paul Hakendorf, Timothy To
OBJECTIVES: Difficulties accessing medicines in the terminal phase hamper the ability of patients to die at home. The aim of this study was to identify changes in community access to medicines for managing symptoms in the terminal phase throughout South Australia (SA), following the development of a 'Core Medicines List' (the List) while exploring factors predictive of pharmacies carrying a broad range of useful medicines. METHODS: In 2015, SA community pharmacies were invited to participate in a repeat survey exploring the availability of specific medicines...
February 6, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167471/effect-of-viscum-schimperi-on-advanced-glycation-endproducts-formation
#16
Hossam Mohamed Abdallah, Doha Omar ALGhamdi, Maab Siddiq Al-Salem, Maryam Alattas, Hany Mohamed El-Bassossy, Abdulrahman Mohammed Alahdal, Ibrahim Ateya Shehata, Essam Abdel-Sattar
Diabetes is a disease characterized by elevated uncontrolled glucose level. Hyperglycemia results in diabetic complication due to a reaction between sugar and amino acid of proteins to form advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) in different tissues. Medicinal plants are considered as a great source of bioactive compounds that affect many ailments. In this regard; AGEs formation could be inhibited by many bioactive compounds isolated from medicinal plants. Viscum schimperi Engl. is a plant belongs to Loranthaceae and known for its antidiabetic activity...
November 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163842/assessment-of-maternal-knowledge-about-infantile-colic-in-saudi-arabia
#17
Hassan Al-Shehri, Bader H Al-Mogheer, Talal H Al-Sawyan, Abdulaziz Badr Abualalaa, Omar Ahmed Jarrah, Mosleh Jabari, Abdullah Al-Faris
INTRODUCTION: The infantile colic is a difficult experience met by parents in the first few months of an infant's life. This may lead to increased discomfort for infants as well as psychological distress for mothers. This study aimed at assessing the baseline knowledge of mothers in Saudi Arabia about infantile colic mainly in regard to the etiology and management. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a questionnaire was distributed among mothers in six primary healthcare centers (PHCC) in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, during their visit for immunization clinics in 2016...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162210/-surgical-treatment-and-prognosis-of-ductal-carcinoma-in-situ-526-cases-analysis
#18
S J Zhu, X S Chen, J Y Wu, O Huang, J R He, L Zhu, W G Chen, Y F Li, X C Fei, K W Shen
Objective: To evaluate the choice of surgical treatment of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and its impact on long-term outcomes. Methods: A retrospective analysis of the clinicopathological features and treatment protocol of DCIS patients who underwent surgical treatment in Comprehensive Breast Health Center, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine from January 2009 to August 2016 was done. The factors which could affect surgical treatment were analyzed by χ(2) test and Logistic regression...
February 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161424/integration-of-data-from-a-safety-net-health-care-system-into-the-vaccine-safety-datalink
#19
Simon J Hambidge, Colleen Ross, Jo Ann Shoup, Kris Wain, Komal Narwaney, Kristin Breslin, Eric S Weintraub, Michael M McNeil
BACKGROUND: In 2013 the Institute of Medicine suggested that the Vaccine Safety DataLink (VSD) should broaden its population by including data of more patients from low income and racially and ethnically diverse backgrounds. In response, Kaiser Permanente Colorado (KPCO) partnered with Denver Health (DH), an integrated safety net health care system, to explore the integration of DH data. METHODS: We compared three different methods (reference date of September 1, 2013): "Empanelment" (any patient who has had a primary care visit in the past 18months), "Proxy-enrollment" (two health care visits in 3years separated by 90days), and "Enrollment" in a managed care plan...
February 1, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156607/yoga-program-for-patients-with-brain-tumors-undergoing-radiotherapy-xrt-and-their-family-caregivers
#20
Smith Mallaiah, Anita Mahajan, Terri S Armstrong, Shiao-Pei S Weathers, Kathryn E Moss, Nazli Goktepe, Amy Spelman, Lorenzo Cohen
: 200 Background: The role of behavioral medicine in the symptom management of glioma patients is largely unknown. Moreover, although the literature revealed that family caregivers are at risk of physical and psychological burden, the needs of caregivers generally remain unaddressed. The purpose of this study was to establish feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a couple-based Yoga (CBY) intervention in glioma patients and their caregivers targeting QOL outcomes. METHODS: This small, single-arm pilot trial included adults with low and high grade glioma undergoing XRT and their family caregivers...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
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