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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808576/prevalence-and-correlates-of-marijuana-use-among-hiv-seropositive-and-seronegative-men-in-the-multicenter-aids-cohort-study-macs-1984-2013
#1
Chukwuemeka N Okafor, Robert L Cook, Xinguang Chen, Pamela J Surkan, James T Becker, Steve Shoptaw, Eileen Martin, Michael W Plankey
BACKGROUND: Marijuana use is common among HIV+ individuals, but few studies have examined long-term trends in prevalence and correlates of use. METHODS: We evaluated trends (1984-2013) in the annual prevalence of current (past 6-month use) and daily (among current users) marijuana use and determined correlates of use among 2742 HIV-seropositive (HIV+) and 3172 HIV-seronegative (HIV-) men who have sex with men in the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (MACS). Poisson regression models were used to estimate prevalence ratios of marijuana use separately for the men who were enrolled before 2001 (early-cohort) and after 2001 (late-cohort)...
November 3, 2016: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750182/prevalence-and-correlates-of-substance-use-among-youth-living-with-hiv-in-clinical-settings
#2
Kristi E Gamarel, Larry Brown, Christopher W Kahler, M Isabel Fernandez, Douglas Bruce, Sharon Nichols
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to better understand the prevalence and correlates of substance use behaviors among HIV-infected adolescents in HIV care settings. METHODS: A cross-sectional sample of 2216 youth living with HIV (YLWH; ages 12-26) were recruited through the Adolescent Trials Network for HIV Interventions. Participants completed a one-time survey on sociodemographic factors, substance use and health behaviors. We used logistic regression models to understand the correlates of substance use outcomes...
October 11, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733330/disease-monitoring-and-health-campaign-evaluation-using-google-search-activities-for-hiv-and-aids-stroke-colorectal-cancer-and-marijuana-use-in-canada-a-retrospective-observational-study
#3
Rebecca Ling, Joon Lee
BACKGROUND: Infodemiology can offer practical and feasible health research applications through the practice of studying information available on the Web. Google Trends provides publicly accessible information regarding search behaviors in a population, which may be studied and used for health campaign evaluation and disease monitoring. Additional studies examining the use and effectiveness of Google Trends for these purposes remain warranted. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to explore the use of infodemiology in the context of health campaign evaluation and chronic disease monitoring...
October 12, 2016: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669284/the-health-enlightenment-awareness-and-living-heal-intervention-outcome-of-an-hiv-and-hepatitis-b-and-c-risk-reduction-intervention
#4
Tabia Henry-Akintobi, Nastassia Laster, Jennie Trotter, DeBran Jacobs, Tarita Johnson, Tandeca King Gordon, Assia Miller
African American women have among the highest HIV/AIDS and hepatitis B and C incidence rates in the United States, especially among those homeless or incarcerated. The objective of this study was to evaluate the Health Enlightenment, Awareness and Living Intervention, designed to decrease HIV/AIDS, hepatitis and related risky behaviors. The thirteen-session intervention was implemented among homeless and formerly incarcerated low-income African American women, ages 18 to 55, in Atlanta, Georgia from 2006 to 2010...
September 24, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27260179/trajectories-of-marijuana-use-among-hiv-seropositive-and-hiv-seronegative-msm-in-the-multicenter-aids-cohort-study-macs-1984-2013
#5
Chukwuemeka N Okafor, Robert L Cook, Xinguang Chen, Pamela J Surkan, James T Becker, Steve Shoptaw, Eileen Martin, Michael W Plankey
To construct longitudinal trajectories of marijuana use in a sample of men who have sex with men living with or at-risk for HIV infection. We determined factors associated with distinct trajectories of use as well as those that serve to modify the course of the trajectory. Data were from 3658 [1439 HIV-seropositive (HIV+) and 2219 HIV-seronegative (HIV-)] participants of the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study. Frequency of marijuana use was obtained semiannually over a 29-year period (1984-2013). Group-based trajectory models were used to identify the trajectories and to determine predictors and modifiers of the trajectories over time...
June 3, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27138170/the-impact-of-marijuana-use-on-memory-in-hiv-infected-patients-a-comprehensive-review-of-the-hiv-and-marijuana-literatures
#6
Linda M Skalski, Sheri L Towe, Kathleen J Sikkema, Christina S Meade
BACKGROUND: The most robust neurocognitive effect of marijuana use is memory impairment. Memory deficits are also high among persons living with HIV/AIDS, and marijuana is the most commonly used drug in this population. Yet research examining neurocognitive outcomes resulting from co-occurring marijuana and HIV is limited. OBJECTIVE: The primary objectives of this comprehensive review are to: (1) examine the literature on memory functioning in HIV-infected individuals; (2) examine the literature on memory functioning in marijuana users; (3) synthesize findings and propose a theoretical framework to guide future research...
May 2, 2016: Current Drug Abuse Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27091028/substance-use-and-adherence-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids-receiving-cart-in-latin-america
#7
Raquel B De Boni, Bryan E Shepherd, Beatriz Grinsztejn, Carina Cesar, Claudia Cortés, Denis Padgett, Eduardo Gotuzzo, Pablo F Belaunzarán-Zamudio, Peter F Rebeiro, Stephany N Duda, Catherine C McGowan
This cross-sectional study describes substance use prevalence and its association with combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) adherence among 3343 individuals receiving care at HIV clinics in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Honduras, Mexico, and Peru. A rapid screening tool evaluated self-reported 7-day recall of alcohol, marijuana, cocaine, heroin, and methamphetamine use, and missed cART doses. Overall, 29.3 % individuals reported having ≥1 alcoholic drinks, 5.0 % reported any illicit drug use and 17.0 % reported missed cART doses...
November 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26881768/the-changing-drug-culture-medical-and-recreational-marijuana
#8
REVIEW
Timothy E Albertson, James A Chenoweth, Daniel K Colby, Mark E Sutter
The major psychoactive compounds in marijuana (cannabis) are cannabinoids, the most significant of which is delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol. There are also two synthetic pharmaceutical cannabinoids, nabilone and dronabinol, available by prescription in the United States. The use of marijuana has increased in the United States with passage of medical marijuana laws in many states and legalization of recreational marijuana use in several states. In addition, the potency of marijuana has increased in recent years...
February 2016: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26811937/associations-between-tobacco-alcohol-and-drug-use-with-coronary-artery-plaque-among-hiv-infected-and-uninfected-men-in-the-multicenter-aids-cohort-study
#9
Sean G Kelly, Michael Plankey, Wendy S Post, Xiuhong Li, Ronald Stall, Lisa P Jacobson, Mallory D Witt, Lawrence Kingsley, Christopher Cox, Matthew Budoff, Frank J Palella
BACKGROUND: We characterized associations between smoking, alcohol, and recreational drug use and coronary plaque by HIV serostatus within the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (MACS). METHODS: MACS participants (N = 1005, 621 HIV+ and 384 HIV-) underwent non-contrast CT scanning to measure coronary artery calcium; 764 underwent coronary CT angiograms to evaluate plaque type and extent. Self-reported use of alcohol, tobacco, smoked/inhaled cocaine, methamphetamine, ecstasy, marijuana, inhaled nitrites, and erectile dysfunction drugs was obtained at semi-annual visits beginning 10 years prior to CT scanning...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26334445/where-you-live-matters-structural-correlates-of-hiv-risk-behavior-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-metro-detroit
#10
José A Bauermeister, Lisa Eaton, Jack Andrzejewski, Jimena Loveluck, William VanHemert, Emily S Pingel
Structural characteristics are linked to HIV/STI risks, yet few studies have examined the mechanisms through which structural characteristics influence the HIV/STI risk of young men who have sex with men (YMSM). Using data from a cross-sectional survey of YMSM (ages 18-29) living in Detroit Metro (N = 328; 9 % HIV-positive; 49 % Black, 27 % White, 15 % Latino, 9 % Other race), we used multilevel modeling to examine the association between community-level characteristics (e.g., socioeconomic disadvantage; distance to LGBT-affirming institutions) and YMSM's HIV testing behavior and likelihood of engaging in unprotected anal intercourse with serodiscordant partner(s)...
December 2015: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26093780/trends-and-predictors-of-cigarette-smoking-among-hiv-seropositive-and-seronegative-men-the-multicenter-aids-cohort-study
#11
Wajiha Z Akhtar-Khaleel, Robert L Cook, Steven Shoptaw, Pamela Surkan, Ronald Stall, Rebecca J Beyth, Linda A Teplin, Michael Plankey
We measured the trend of cigarette smoking among HIV-seropositive and seronegative men over time from 1984 to 2012. Additionally, we examined the demographic correlates of smoking and smoking consumption. Six thousand and five hundred and seventy seven men who have sex with men (MSM) from the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (MACS) were asked detailed information about their smoking history since their visit. Prevalence of smoking and quantity smoked was calculated yearly from 1984 to 2012. Poisson regression with robust error variance was used to estimate prevalence ratios of smoking in univariate and multivariate models...
March 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25760352/medical-marijuana-s-public-health-lessons-implications-for-retail-marijuana-in-colorado
#12
Tista S Ghosh, Michael Van Dyke, Ali Maffey, Elizabeth Whitley, Dana Erpelding, Larry Wolk
In 2000, Colorado residents voted to legalize marijuana use for medical conditions such as glaucoma, HIV–AIDS, cancer, seizures, and severe pain. From 2000 to 2009, medical marijuana was available in Colorado only from plants grown in noncommercial, home settings, and the number of medical users..
March 12, 2015: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25587181/cross-sectional-survey-comparing-hiv-risk-behaviours-of-adolescent-and-young-adult-men-who-have-sex-with-men-only-and-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-women-in-the-u-s-and-puerto-rico
#13
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Jonathan M Ellen, Lauren Greenberg, Nancy Willard, Stephanie Stines, James Korelitz, Cherrie B Boyer
OBJECTIVE: To examine the HIV risk behaviours of men who have sex with men only (MSMO) and men who have sex with men and women (MSMW), aged 12-24 years, in five US cities and in San Juan, Puerto Rico. METHODS: Data were collected through four annual cross-sectional anonymous surveys at community venues and included questions about sexual partnerships, sexual practices including condom use and substance use. Demographic and risk profiles were summarised for both groups...
September 2015: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25401955/oral-prevalence-and-clearance-of-oncogenic-human-papilloma-virus-in-a-rehabilitation-community-for-substance-abusers-in-italy-a-case-of-behavioral-correction
#14
Davide B Pugliese, Giacomo Bruzzesi, Caterina Montaldo, Luca Porcu, Marco Landi, Andrea Mastinu, Valter Torri, Lisa Licitra, Laura D Locati
BACKGROUND: Human papilloma virus oral infection can be related to several factors including HIV infection, cigarette smoking, marijuana consumption and number of sexual partners. We conducted a study on oral HPV prevalence and clearance among the hosts of the San Patrignano community, a population considered at "high-risk" for HPV due to their previous habits. METHODS: From March 2007 to September 2010 all subjects were submitted to oropharyngeal brushing and saliva collection at baseline, after 6, 12 and 48 months (for subjects HPV positive at baseline)...
October 2015: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25157345/exploring-substance-use-and-hiv-treatment-factors-associated-with-neurocognitive-impairment-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids
#15
Jennifer M Attonito, Jessy G Dévieux, Brenda D G Lerner, Michelle M Hospital, Rhonda Rosenberg
Neurocognitive (NC) impairment remains prevalent among people living with HIV (PLWH) and may be exacerbated by alcohol and drug use. This cross-sectional study assesses the degree to which alcohol and other drug use, time from HIV diagnosis to treatment, and years living with HIV affect three areas of NC functioning among HIV-seropositive adults. NC functioning in 370 PLWH living in Miami, FL was assessed using the Auditory Verbal Learning Test, the Short Category Test, Booklet Format, and the Color Trails Test 2 (CTT2)...
2014: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25113915/chronic-%C3%AE-%C3%A2-tetrahydrocannabinol-administration-may-not-attenuate-simian-immunodeficiency-virus-disease-progression-in-female-rhesus-macaques
#16
Angela M Amedee, Whitney A Nichols, Nicole J LeCapitaine, Curtis Vande Stouwe, Leslie L Birke, Nedra Lacour, Peter J Winsauer, Patricia E Molina
Persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) frequently use cannabinoids, either recreationally by smoking marijuana or therapeutically (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol; Δ(9)-THC dronabinol). Previously, we demonstrated that chronic Δ(9)-THC administration decreases early mortality in male simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)-infected macaques. In this study, we sought to examine whether similar protective effects resulted from chronic cannabinoid administration in SIV-infected female rhesus macaques. Clinical and viral parameters were evaluated in eight female rhesus macaques that received either Δ(9)-THC (0...
December 2014: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24737013/the-longitudinal-and-interactive-effects-of-hiv-status-stimulant-use-and-host-genotype-upon-neurocognitive-functioning
#17
MULTICENTER STUDY
Andrew J Levine, Sandra Reynolds, Christopher Cox, Eric N Miller, Janet S Sinsheimer, James T Becker, Eileen Martin, Ned Sacktor
Both human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 infection and illicit stimulant use can adversely impact neurocognitive functioning, and these effects can be additive. However, significant variability exists such that as-of-yet unidentified exogenous and endogenous factors affect one's risk for neurocognitive impairment. Literature on both HIV and stimulant use indicates that host genetic variants in immunologic and dopamine-related genes are one such factor. In this study, the individual and interactive effects of HIV status, stimulant use, and genotype upon neurocognitive functioning were examined longitudinally over a 10-year period...
June 2014: Journal of Neurovirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24511405/vanishing-lung-syndrome-in-a-patient-with-hiv-infection-and-heavy-marijuana-use
#18
Basheer Tashtoush, Fernando Gonzalez-Ibarra, Roya Memarpour, Anas Hadeh, Laurence Smolley
Vanishing lung syndrome (VLS) is a rare and distinct clinical syndrome that usually affects young men. VLS leads to severe progressive dyspnea and is characterized by extensive, asymmetric, peripheral, and predominantly upper lobe giant lung bullae. Case reports have suggested an additive role of marijuana use in the development of this disease in young male tobacco smokers. We herein report a case of a 65-year-old Hispanic male previously diagnosed with severe emphysema and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), with a history of intravenous heroin use and active marijuana smoking who presents to the emergency department with severe progressive shortness of breath he was found to have multiple large subpleural bullae occupying more than one-third of the hemithorax on chest computerized tomography (CT), characteristic of vanishing lung syndrome...
2014: Case Reports in Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24142014/prevalence-and-socioeconomic-factors-associated-with-smoking-in-people-living-with-hiv-by-sex-in-recife-brazil
#19
Joanna d'Arc Lyra Batista, Maria de Fátima Pessoa Militão de Albuquerque, Ricardo Arraes de Alencar Ximenes, Demócrito de Barros Miranda-Filho, Heloisa Ramos Lacerda de Melo, Magda Maruza, Libia Vilela Moura, Eduardo Jaime Seara Pinto da Costa Ferraz, Laura Cunha Rodrigues
INTRODUCTION: Smoking is the leading cause of preventable death in the world. The prevalence of smoking is higher in people infected with HIV than in the general population. Although it is biologically plausible that smoking increases the morbidity and mortality of people living with HIV/AIDS, few studies in developing countries have analyzed the determinants and consequences of smoking in HIV infected people. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of smoking and identify the socioeconomic factors associated with smoking and smoking cessation in patients with HIV by sex...
June 2013: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24041455/mediation-effects-of-problem-drinking-and-marijuana-use-on-hiv-sexual-risk-behaviors-among-childhood-sexually-abused-south-african-heterosexual-men
#20
Larry D Icard, John B Jemmott, Anne Teitelman, Ann O'Leary, G Anita Heeren
HIV/AIDS prevalence in South Africa is one of the highest in the world with heterosexual, transmission predominantly promoting the epidemic. The goal of this study is to examine whether, marijuana use and problem drinking mediate the relationship between histories of childhood sexual, abuse (CSA) and HIV risk behaviors among heterosexual men. Participants were 1181 Black men aged, 18-45 from randomly selected neighborhoods in Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. Audio computer assisted, self-interviewing was used to assess self-reported childhood sexual abuse, problem drinking, and marijuana (dagga) use, and HIV sexual transmission behavior with steady and casual partners...
February 2014: Child Abuse & Neglect
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