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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792190/novel-insights-into-neuroinflammation-bacterial-lipopolysaccharide-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-and-ureaplasma-species-differentially-modulate-atypical-chemokine-receptor-3-responses-in-human-brain-microvascular-endothelial-cells
#1
Christine Silwedel, Christian P Speer, Axel Haarmann, Markus Fehrholz, Heike Claus, Mathias Buttmann, Kirsten Glaser
BACKGROUND: Atypical chemokine receptor 3 (ACKR3, synonym CXCR7) is increasingly considered relevant in neuroinflammatory conditions, in which its upregulation contributes to compromised endothelial barrier function and may ultimately allow inflammatory brain injury. While an impact of ACKR3 has been recognized in several neurological autoimmune diseases, neuroinflammation may also result from infectious agents, including Ureaplasma species (spp.). Although commonly regarded as commensals of the adult urogenital tract, Ureaplasma spp...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789498/tools-for-detection-of-schistosomiasis-in-resource-limited-settings
#2
REVIEW
Olumide Ajibola, Bashar Haruna Gulumbe, Anthonius Anayochukwu Eze, Emmanuel Obishakin
Schistosomiasis is a debilitating disease affecting over 200 million people, with the highest burden of morbidity and mortality in African countries. Despite its huge impact on the health and socio-economic burden of the society, it remains a neglected tropical disease, with limited attention from governments and stakeholders in healthcare. One of the critical areas that is hugely under-developed is the development of accurate diagnostics for both intestinal and urogenital schistosomiasis. Diagnosis of schistosomiasis is important for the detection and treatment of disease in endemic and non-endemic settings...
May 23, 2018: Medical Sciences: Open Access Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786785/methods-to-study-angiogenesis-in-a-mouse-model-of-prostate-cancer
#3
Ana-Rita Pedrosa, Alexandre Trindade, António Duarte
Angiogenesis is one important hallmark of cancer progression which explains the relevance of developing methods to efficiently analyze the neo-angiogenic process. In this report we make use of the transgenic adenocarcinoma of the murine prostate (TRAMP) model, considered a good model for studying clinical prostate cancer progression, to describe in detail the methods used to study angiogenesis in this type of solid tumor development. In this report we provide step-by-step procedures on the basis of previous work in our laboratory for: the mouse urogenital sinus (UGS) collection; microdissection of the prostate; preparation of the prostatic samples for immunofluorescence (to analyze vascular density, morphology, maturation, functionality, hypoxia, and others); preparation of prostatic samples to histopathological analysis and/or immunohistochemistry; and endothelial and vascular mural cell sorting and isolation by fluorescent associated cell sorting (FACS) to further analysis (mRNA, protein, or other) or to maintain in culture...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786534/-the-gynecological-pessary-is-it-really-a-device-of-another-age-a-fig-leaf
#4
E Nohuz, E Jouve, G Clement, B Jacquetin
OBJECTIVES: The use of pessary to put back up prolapsed organs to their normal position dates back prior to several millennia. This work aims to discuss its place in our clinical practice through an updated bibliographic review and emphasizes a hands-on approach to pessary fitting and management in terms of indication, pessary type selection, device' size, insertion, removal, follow-up visits and care. METHODS: A review of the literature, in the light of the latest publications and recommendations of French and international learned societies, as well as our own experience, were analyzed...
May 18, 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781073/the-impact-of-concurrent-pelvic-organ-prolapse-reconstructive-surgery-on-midurethral-sling-procedure-outcome
#5
Buğra Çoşkun, Orhan S Aksakal, Bora Çoşkun, Engin Yurtçu, Mehmet Özgür Akkurt, Özgül Kafadar, Melike Doğanay
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of concurrent pelvic organ prolapse (POP) reconstructive surgery on midurethral sling (MUS) procedure outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The present retrospective study included 300 women with urodynamically diagnosed stress urinary incontinence that underwent MUS procedures with or without concurrent POP reconstructive surgery. Patients were divided into four groups according to the performed surgery; 1) transobturator tape (TOT), 2) TOT with POP surgery (anterior colporrhaphy, posterior colporrhaphy and vaginal hysterectomy), 3) tension free vaginal tape (TVT), 4) TVT with POP surgery...
2018: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780021/urogenital-myiasis-caused-by-psychoda-albipennis
#6
Ahmet Rıza Şahin, Ufuk Ölker, Selçuk Nazik, Selma Güler, Ekrem Kireçci
Myiasis is one of the reasons for urogenital parasitosis in our country. Psychoda albipennis is a fly that leads to urogenital myiasis. In this case, a 28-year-old female with complaints of dysuria, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and dropping larvae with urine was referred to our hospital. Larvae in the urine sample were macroscopically and microscopically examined. Subsequently, the patient was diagnosed with urogenital myiasis due to P. albipennis fourth phase larvae. The symptoms were relieved with antibiotic and urinal antiseptic treatments...
March 2018: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779483/a-review-on-pharmacological-and-clinical-aspects-of-linum-usitatissimum-l
#7
Ramin Ansari, Mohammad Mehdi Zarshenas, Amir Hossein Dadbakhsh
INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND: Linum usitatissimum L., known as common Flax or linseed, from the family Linnaceae, has long been cultivated in different nations due to its applications in medicine and industry. The present study aims to collect nearly all available information about chemical constituents of Flax, as well as pharmacological properties and confirmed clinical usages of it. METHODS: We searched through databases such as Scopus and PubMed for relevant literatures using the keywords: (Linum usitatissimum), (pharmacology) and (phytochemical) from the beginning to 13 Aug 2017...
May 20, 2018: Current Drug Discovery Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769482/aetiological-factors-of-female-genitourinary-fistula
#8
F Z Aalpona, M Kamrul-Hasan, F Islam, S Hossain, S Akter, K F Ananya
The purpose of this observational cross-sectional study was to evaluate the histories of women with urinary incontinence caused by genitourinary fistulae in Bangladesh. This is an exploratory analysis to investigate possible contributing factors to the development of urogenital fistulae. Sixty four (64) women who were treated for urogenital fistulae at the National Fistula Center, Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh were interviewed from July 2013 to December 2013. Their average age was 35.91 years; majorities were illiterate; had early marriage and came from poor family...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763724/influence-of-environmental-and-genotypic-factors-on-biofilm-formation-by-clinical-isolates-of-group-b-streptococci
#9
Shuping Nie, Xuedong Lu, Yan-Wei Hu, Lei Zheng, Qian Wang
Group B Streptococcus (GBS) colonizes the gastrointestinal and urogenital tracts of approximately 30% of women, and it can cause sepsis and meningitis in neonates. GBS has been shown to form biofilms in vitro, but the effects of environmental and genotypic factors upon GBS biofilm formation are unclear. The aim of the present study was to optimize culture conditions for enhanced GBS biofilm production. Furthermore, this study also investigated the influences of strain lineage, pilus profile, and isolation source on GBS biofilm formation...
May 12, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759804/urinary-tract-infection-by-aerococcus-sanguinicola-an-emerging-opportunistic-pathogen
#10
G Jiménez-Guerra, A Lara-Oya, I Martínez-Egea, J M Navarro-Marí, J Gutiérrez-Fernández
Elderly patients with underlying urological disease have a greater risk of urinary tract infections due to uncommon pathogens. The disease caused by Aerococcus has been underestimated, but mass spectrometry could be a simple method for identifying this pathogen. In this study, we report 2 cases of urinary tract infection by Aerococcus sanguinicola. A descriptive clinical-microbiological study was conducted on the presence of A. sanguinicola causing urinary tract infections. The presence of A. sanguinicola occurred in elderly patients with previous urological disease and a significant count in urine obtained through bladder catheterisation...
May 11, 2018: Revista Clínica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753321/influence-of-pathogen-and-focus-of-infection-on-procalcitonin-values-in-sepsis-patients-with-bacteremia-or-candidemia
#11
Daniel O Thomas-Rüddel, Bernhard Poidinger, Matthias Kott, Manfred Weiss, Konrad Reinhart, Frank Bloos
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of procalcitonin (PCT) serum concentrations to diagnose Gram-negative bacteremia and the association of PCT serum concentrations with more specific pathogens and the focus of infection. METHODS: Secondary analysis of the prospectively collected patient-level dataset from a cluster randomized quality improvement trial was performed. The trial included sepsis patients with organ dysfunction treated in the participating intensive care units from 2011 to 2015...
May 13, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752569/widespread-expression-of-perilipin-5-in-normal-human-tissues-and-in-diseases-is-restricted-to-distinct-lipid-droplet-subpopulations
#12
Merita Hashani, Hagen Roland Witzel, Lena Maria Pawella, Judith Lehmann-Koch, Jens Schumacher, Gunhild Mechtersheimer, Martina Schnölzer, Peter Schirmacher, Wilfried Roth, Beate Katharina Straub
Diseases associated with the accumulation of lipid droplets are increasing in western countries. Lipid droplet biogenesis, structure and degradation are regulated by proteins of the perilipin family. Perilipin 5 has been shown to regulate basal lipolysis in oxidative tissues. We examine perilipin 5 in normal human tissues and in diseases using protein biochemical and microscopic techniques. Perilipin 5 was constitutively located at small lipid droplets in skeletal myocytes, cardiomyocytes and brown adipocytes...
May 11, 2018: Cell and Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742999/mycoplasma-genitalium-infections-in-cuba-surveillance-of-urogenital-syndromes-2014-2015
#13
Brian A Mondeja, Nadia M Rodríguez, Orestes Blanco, Carmen Fernández, Jørgen S Jensen
Mycoplasma genitalium is an emerging sexually transmitted pathogen implicated in urethritis in men and several inflammatory reproductive tract syndromes in women. The prevalence of M. genitalium infections in Cuban patients with urogenital syndromes is unknown. The aim of this study was to analyse the prevalence of M. genitalium infection in sexually-active Cuban men and women with urogenital syndromes as a part of aetiological surveillance of urogenital syndromes in Cuba. Samples from men and women with urogenital syndromes submitted to the Mycoplasma Reference Laboratory for mycoplasma diagnosis from 1 January 2014 to 1 June 2015 were analysed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for detection of M...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740839/ageing-and-inflammation-in-the-male-reproductive-tract
#14
REVIEW
M B Frungieri, R S Calandra, A Bartke, M E Matzkin
Ageing is usually characterised by a mild chronic proinflammatory state. Despite the tight association between both processes, the phenomenon has recently been termed inflammageing. Inflammation in the male reproductive tract is frequently linked with bacterial or virus infections but also with a broad range of noninfectious processes. Prostatitis, epididymitis and orchitis, among others, can lead to infertility. However, in spite of the inflammation theory of disease, chronic inflammation in male urogenital system does not always cause symptoms...
May 8, 2018: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735819/sexually-transmitted-infections-need-for-extragenital-screening
#15
REVIEW
Jyoti Rawre, Sonu Agrawal, Benu Dhawan
Extragenital infections can occur concurrently with simultaneous urogenital infections. Extragenital sites are believed to serve as hidden reservoirs and play a critical role in their transmission. The etiological relationship of the most widespread Sexually transmitted diseases (STD) pathogen to reproductive tract has long been established, but the distribution to extragenital sites appears to be infrequent and its correlation with the sexual practice still requires to be investigated. Optimal-screening strategies for extragenital infections are largely unknown...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734845/the-prevalence-and-determinants-of-genitourinary-syndrome-of-menopause-in-chinese-mid-life-women-a-single-center-study
#16
M Tao, L Geng, Y Zheng, Y Zhou, C Li
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the prevalence and determinants of genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM) in Chinese mid-life women. METHODS: A cross-sectional single-center study was performed among 40-65-year-old women who participated in physical examinations at Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital from December 2015 to December 2016. The participating women were questioned about their genitourinary symptoms, and the relationships between these symptoms and the women's demographic characteristics were evaluated...
May 8, 2018: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734759/trends-in-the-prevalences-of-selected-birth-defects-in-korea-2008%C3%A2-2014
#17
Jung-Keun Ko, Dirga Kumar Lamichhane, Hwan-Cheol Kim, Jong-Han Leem
Little information is available on the prevalences of birth defects in Korea. The aims of this study were to estimate recent prevalences of selected birth defects and to analyze the prevalence trends of these defects during the period from 2008 to 2014. Prevalences were calculated for 69 major birth defects using health insurance claim data obtained from the Korea National Health Insurance Service (NHIS). Prevalence rate ratios were calculated using Poisson regression to analyze trends over the 7-year study period...
May 5, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734321/mortality-in-the-district-of-ghemme-and-cavaglio-d-agogna-site-of-an-urban-waste-landfill
#18
Christian Salerno, Paola Marciani, Aniello Esposito, Lucio Antonio Palin
INTRODUCTION: Aim this study is to assess anomalous mortality rates from 2002 to 2012, in the municipalities of Ghemme and Cavaglio d'Agogna where a landfill has been active. Before the opening of the landfill (1988), studies highlighted the presence of noxious substances, in the ground layers, and not in the groundwater. Goal of our research is to monitor the health levels of the population in an area, with attention to long/midterm effects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed the analysis on data of the National Institute of Statistics death records, and produced indirect standardized rates (SMR) using the rates of Local Healthcare Agencies (ASL) of Novara and Vercelli as reference population...
January 2018: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730632/assessing-health-quality-of-life-and-urogenital-function-in-a-sample-of-the-swedish-general-population-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
David Bock, Eva Angenete, Elisabeth Gonzales, Jane Heath, Eva Haglind
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the urinary, bowel and sexual function as well as stress symptoms and depression in a sample of the Swedish population. DESIGN: A random sample of Swedish men and women in age groups from 30 to 89 years, a total of 3000 individuals, were contacted and after receiving informed consent, a questionnaire was sent. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Measures of urinary, bowel, sexual function and quality of life. RESULTS: The questionnaire was sent to 2094 individuals who gave informed consent...
May 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727546/-ningmitai-capsule-for-the-treatment-of-andrological-diseases-advances-in-studies
#20
REVIEW
Hong-Cai Cai, Xue-Jun Shang
Ningmitai Capsule is a classical patent medicine prepared from multiple effective ingredients of Chinese herbal medicine, with a wide range of biological activities and a significant efficacy in the treatment of urogenital diseases. Ningmitai Capsule has been widely applied in the management of urological and andrological diseases, with a particularly ideal effect on chronic prostatitis, since its first introduction nearly 20 years ago. With no obvious adverse effect on the male reproductive system, it has also been gaining a gradual application in the treatment of such diseases as urinary tract infections, diabetes, non-gonococcal urethritis, seminal vesiculitis, acute epididymitis, overactive bladder, hematuria, and semen non-liquefaction...
October 2017: Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue, National Journal of Andrology
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