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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723463/the-global-prevalence-of-infections-in-urology-gpui-study-a-worldwide-surveillance-study-in-urology-patients
#1
Florian Wagenlehner, Zafer Tandogdu, Riccardo Bartoletti, Tommaso Cai, Mete Cek, Ekaterina Kulchavenya, Béla Köves, Kurt Naber, Tamara Perepanova, Peter Tenke, Björn Wullt, Florian Bogenhard, Truls Erik Bjerklund Johansen
The GPIU study is currently the only study registering health care-associated urogenital tract infections, especially in urology patients, in an ongoing surveillance protocol that can help to deliver data on adequate empirical antibiotic therapy in hospitalised urology patients according to guideline recommendations. The annual GPIU study will continue to be performed in November of each year under the URL http://gpiu.esiu.org/.
October 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721836/assisted-reproductive-technologies-a-hierarchy-of-risks-for-conception-pregnancy-outcomes-and-treatment-decisions
#2
M J Davies, A R Rumbold, V M Moore
The use of assisted reproductive technologies (ART) for the treatment of infertility has grown exponentially over the last 20 years, and now accounts for 4% of all births in Australia, and over 1 m births annually around the globe. There is consistent reporting of increased risk of adverse perinatal outcomes and birth defects following infertility treatment. However, change in practice has been stymied by critical knowledge gaps with regards to (a) the relative contribution of patient and treatment factors to adverse outcomes, (b) the independent contribution of specific contemporary treatments and treatment combinations to outcomes, (c) the impact of innovations in laboratory and clinical practice on treatment success and observed risk and (d) changes over time in patient characteristics...
August 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721448/-pi-rads-2-0-for-prostate-mri
#3
T Franiel, M Röthke
The PI-RADS 2.0 classification was established by an international collaboration of the European Society of Urogenital Radiology (ESUR), the American College of Radiology (ACR), and AdMetech Foundation to globally standardize the acquisition and interpretation of multiparametric prostate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The PI-RADS 2.0 aims to improve the detection, localization, staging and risk stratification of patients with suspected or histologically confirmed prostate cancer. Suspicious areas on T2-weighted (T2w) MRI, diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) and dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) were assessed for the presence of a clinically significant prostate cancer with scale from 1 to 5 with 5 being most likely to represent clinically significant prostate cancer...
July 18, 2017: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718614/emergency-management-of-renal-and-genitourinary-trauma-best-practices-update
#4
Whitney K. Bryant, Sanjay Shewakramani
In up to 10% of patients who experience abdominal trauma, renal and urogenital systems will be involved. In polytrauma patients with other potentially life-threatening injuries, renal and genitourinary trauma may be overlooked initially, but a delayed or missed diagnosis of these injuries may result in preventable complications. This review provides a best-practice approach to the diagnosis and management of renal and genitourinary injuries, with an emphasis on the systematic approach needed to identify subtle injuries and avoid long-term urinary sequelae such as hypertension, incontinence, erectile dysfunction, chronic kidney disease, and nephrectomy...
August 2017: Emergency Medicine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717267/semen-culture-and-the-assessment-of-genitourinary-tract-infections
#5
REVIEW
Michael Solomon, Ralf Henkel
The male factor contributes approximately 50% to infertility-related cases in couples with an estimated 12%-35% of these cases attributable to male genital tract infections. Depending on the nature of the infection, testicular sperm production, sperm transport, and sperm function can be compromised. Yet, infections are potentially treatable causes of infertility. Male genital tract infections are increasingly difficult to detect. Moreover, they often remain asymptomatic ("silent") with the result that they are then passed on to the relevant sexual partner leading to fertilization and pregnancy failure as well as illness of the offspring...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Urology: IJU: Journal of the Urological Society of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713432/haematological-profile-and-intensity-of-urogenital-schistosomiasis-in-ghanaian-children
#6
Justice Afrifa, Desmond Gyedu, Eric Ofori Gyamerah, Samuel Essien-Baidoo, Isaac Mensah-Essilfie
BACKGROUND: Urogenital schistosomiasis is a widely contracted parasitic helminth infection often associated with haematological abnormalities. AIM: We investigated the relationship between the haematological profile and the intensity of schistosomiasis among children in the Yeji district. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 100 participants comprising 50 Schistosoma haematobium (S. haematobium) infected and 50 noninfected controls aged 6-17 years matched for age and sex were recruited into the study...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711782/the-human-microbiome
#7
REVIEW
Hubert E Blum
Until recently, human microbiology was based on the identification of single microbes, such as bacteria, fungi and viruses, frequently isolated from patients with acute or chronic infections. Novel culture-independent molecular biochemical analyses (genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics) allow today to detect and classify the diverse microorganisms in a given ecosystem (microbiota), such as the gastrointestinal tract, the skin, the airway system, the urogenital tract and others, and to assess all genomes in these ecosystems (microbiome) as well as their gene products...
July 13, 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711129/care-of-infectious-conditions-in-an-observation-unit
#8
REVIEW
Pawan Suri, Taruna K Aurora
Infectious conditions such as skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs), Urogenital infections and peritonsillar abscesses frequently require care beyond emergency stabilization and are well-suited for short term care in an observation unit. SSTIs are a growing problem, partly due to emergence of strains of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA). Antibiotic choice is guided by the presence of purulence and site of infection. Purulent cellulitis is much more likely to be associated with MRSA. Radiographic imaging should be considered to aid in management in patients who are immunosuppressed, have persistent symptoms despite antibiotic therapy, recurrent infections, sepsis or diabetes...
August 2017: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709583/interactions-between-pelvic-organ-protrusion-levator-ani-descent-and-hiatal-enlargement-in-women-with-and-without-prolapse
#9
Anne G Sammarco, Lahari Nandikanti, Emily K Kobernik, Bing Xie, Alexandra Jankowski, Carolyn W Swenson, John O L Delancey
BACKGROUND: Pelvic organ prolapse has two components; 1) protrusion of the pelvic organs beyond the hymen and 2) descent of the levator ani. The Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification system measures the first component, however, there remains no standard measurement protocol for the second mechanism. OBJECTIVES: Test the hypotheses that 1) difference in the protrusion area is greater than the area created by levator descent in prolapse patients compared with controls and, 2) Prolapse is more strongly associated with levator hiatus compared to urogenital hiatus...
July 11, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709171/omental-actinomycosis-imitating-a-foreign-body-infection
#10
Yoo Shin Choi, Yong Gum Park
Actinomycosis is a rare chronic disease caused by a group of anaerobic Gram-positive bacteria that colonize the mouth, colon, and urogenital tract. Infection involving the cervicofacial area is the most common clinical presentation, followed by that of the pelvic and thoracic areas. The preoperative diagnosis of abdominal actinomycosis is difficult because the condition can be easily confused with malignancy, tuberculosis, or other inflammatory diseases. We report a case of omental actinomycosis mimicking a foreign body...
July 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705578/cloacal-duplication-single-center-experience-in-the-management-of-a-rare-anomaly
#11
Ahmed Abdelhalim, Hesham Arab, Tamer E Helmy, Mohamed E Dawaba, Mohamed E Abou-El-Ghar, Ashraf T Hafez
Cloacal duplication is an exceedingly rare group of anomalies with a limited number of cases reported so far. The anomaly may be confined to partial bladder duplication or it may involve complete duplication of the urogenital tract, hindgut, spine, lower limbs and vascular structures. Every case is unique and ought to be approached individually. By means of imaging studies and endoscopy, anatomic details should be carefully defined before endorsing surgical correction. A satisfactory outcome can be achieved in the majority of cases...
July 10, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705037/saffron-and-its-derivatives-crocin-crocetin-and-safranal-a-patent-review
#12
Maryam Rameshrad, Bibi Marjan Razavi, Hossein Hosseinzadeh
Saffron and its main components have traditionally been used as pharmaceutical agents. Current experimental research projects have also exhibited their applications in a wide spectrum of disorder treatments. Area covered: This review covers the demonstrated findings and patents on therapeutic/pharmaceutical properties of saffron and related derivatives, since 2000 to bold their outstanding merit on human health. An extensive literature review was performed in USP Patent, Patentscope, Espacenet and Google Patent in the field of CNS, cardiovascular, urogenital, dermatological and inflammatory disorders...
July 13, 2017: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704429/effects-of-coconut-oil-on-glycemia-inflammation-and-urogenital-microbial-parameters-in-female-ossabaw-mini-pigs
#13
Annie E Newell-Fugate, Katherine Lenz, Cassandra Skenandore, Romana A Nowak, Bryan A White, Andrea Braundmeier-Fleming
Forty percent of American women are obese and at risk for type II diabetes, impaired immune function, and altered microbiome diversity, thus impacting overall health. We investigated whether obesity induced by an excess calorie, high fat diet containing hydrogenated fats, fructose, and coconut oil (HFD) altered glucose homeostasis, peripheral immunity, and urogenital microbial dynamics. We hypothesized that HFD would cause hyperglycemia, increase peripheral inflammation, and alter urogenital microbiota to favor bacterial taxonomy associated with inflammation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701755/microbiota-composition-of-the-koala-phascolarctos-cinereus-ocular-and-urogenital-sites-and-their-association-with-chlamydia-infection-and-disease
#14
Miranda E Vidgen, Jonathan Hanger, Peter Timms
Disease caused by Chlamydia pecorum is characterised by ocular and urogenital infections that can lead to blindness and infertility in koalas. However, koalas that are infected with C. pecorum do not always progress to disease. In other host systems, the influence of the microbiota has been implicated in either accelerating or preventing infections progressing to disease. This study investigates the contribution of koala urogenital and ocular microbiota to Chlamydia infection and disease in a free ranging koala population...
July 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700152/-management-of-genitourinary-trauma
#15
Andry Perrin, Nuno Grilo, Jean-Yves Meuwly, Patrice Jichlinski, Massimo Valerio
Urogenital trauma often occurs in the context of polytrauma patients. In this article, aimed at primary care practitioners and emergency physicians, we summarise the epidemiology and aetiology of these traumas as well as their management. The goal is to allow primary healthcare professionals to become acquainted with diagnostic and therapeutic strategies in genitourinary trauma patients.
November 30, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698942/mri-of-the-scrotum-recommendations-of-the-esur-scrotal-and-penile-imaging-working-group
#16
Athina C Tsili, Michele Bertolotto, Ahmet Tuncay Turgut, Vikram Dogra, Simon Freeman, Laurence Rocher, Jane Belfield, Michal Studniarek, Alexandra Ntorkou, Lorenzo E Derchi, Raymond Oyen, Parvati Ramchandani, Mustafa Secil, Jonathan Richenberg
OBJECTIVES: The Scrotal and Penile Imaging Working Group (SPI-WG) appointed by the board of the European Society of Urogenital Radiology (ESUR) has produced recommendations for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the scrotum. METHODS: The SPI-WG searched for original and review articles published before September 2016 using the Pubmed and Medline databases. Keywords used were 'magnetic resonance imaging', 'testis or testicle or testicular', 'scrotum', 'intratesticular', 'paratesticular', 'extratesticular' 'diffusion-weighted', 'dynamic MRI'...
July 11, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695345/is-pain-relief-after-vaginal-mesh-and-or-sling-removal-durable-long-term
#17
Karen Jong, Shreeya Popat, Alana Christie, Philippe E Zimmern
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: This study was to review our experience of pain relief durability in women who experienced initial pain resolution after vaginal mesh and/or sling removal (VMSR). METHODS: A retrospective chart review of consecutive, nonneurogenic women who underwent VMSR for pain and reported persistent pain relief at the 6-month postoperative follow-up visit were assessed. Pre- and postoperative data collected were self-reported chief complaints, physical examination, other medical conditions associated with chronic pain, use of pain medications, Urogenital Distress Inventory-6 (in which question 6 specifically addresses pain), and the Numerical Pain Rating Scale (NPRS)...
July 10, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693936/sirenomelia-associated-with-discoid-adrenal-and-lumbar-meningocoele-an-autopsy-report
#18
Nelofar Islam, Bappa Mandal, Ram Narayan Das, Goutam Bera, Suchandra Mukherjee, Uttara Chatterjee
Mermaid syndrome or Sirenomelia is a rare congenital deformity in which the legs are fused and bears resemblance to mermaid's tail. It carries a poor prognosis, due to associated urogenital and gastrointestinal abnormalities. An early antenatal diagnosis using Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) can help in termination of pregnancy. Embryologically, it is considered as the extreme form of caudal regression syndrome due to the persistence of vitelline artery. Here, we report a case of Sirenomelia associated with bilateral renal agenesis along with the rare findings of discoid adrenal, lumbar meningocoele and abnormalities of the hand...
June 17, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690602/geography-ethnicity-or-subsistence-specific-variations-in-human-microbiome-composition-and-diversity
#19
REVIEW
Vinod K Gupta, Sandip Paul, Chitra Dutta
One of the fundamental issues in the microbiome research is characterization of the healthy human microbiota. Recent studies have elucidated substantial divergences in the microbiome structure between healthy individuals from different race and ethnicity. This review provides a comprehensive account of such geography, ethnicity or life-style-specific variations in healthy microbiome at five major body habitats-Gut, Oral-cavity, Respiratory Tract, Skin, and Urogenital Tract (UGT). The review focuses on the general trend in the human microbiome evolution-a gradual transition in the gross compositional structure along with a continual decrease in diversity of the microbiome, especially of the gut microbiome, as the human populations passed through three stages of subsistence like foraging, rural farming and industrialized urban western life...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683707/docetaxel-in-hormone-sensitive-advanced-prostate-cancer-genesis-sefh-evaluation-reporta
#20
Juan Carlos García de Paredes Esteban, Emilio Jesús Alegre Del Rey, Rocío Asensi Díez
Prostate cancer (PC) is the most common urogenital malignancy in older men and the second leading cause of death by cancer in men in Europe. Current therapeutic practice considers Androgen Deprivation Therapy (ADT) as first line treatment for clinically localized prostate cancer at high-risk, either locally advanced or metastatic. ADT can be achieved through orchiectomy (surgical castration), luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonists, or through complete androgen blockade (LHRH agonist combined with an anti-androgen)...
July 1, 2017: Farmacia Hospitalaria
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