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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088605/comparison-of-the-anterior-chamber-angle-structure-between-children-and-adults
#1
Yukiko Shimizu, Shunsuke Nakakura, Toshihiko Nagasawa, Akiko Okamoto, Hitoshi Tabuchi, Yoshiaki Kiuchi
PURPOSE: To investigate the anterior chamber structure in children and adults with a similar axial length (AL). METHODS: A total of 50 children (mean age, 7.1 ± 3.3 years; range, 3-16) with mainly refractive error and 50 adults (mean age, 73.7 ± 7.8 years; range, 50-85) with short AL were included. The mean AL was 22.21 ± 0.88 mm (range, 20.67-23.97 mm) in children; 22.34 ± 0.53 mm (range, 20.50-22.96 mm), in adults. The corneal curvature, spherical equivalent, AL, central corneal thickness (CCT), inter-scleral spur distance, perpendicular distance, anterior chamber depth (ACD), angle opening distance (AOD), and lens vault were measured...
January 11, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072934/aetiology-of-preoperative-anaemia-in-patients-undergoing-elective-cardiac-surgery-the-challenge-of-pillar-one-of-patient-blood-management
#2
J Abraham, R Sinha, K Robinson, V Scotland, D Cardone
Preoperative anaemia is common in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Whilst there is a strong association with increased morbidity and mortality, it is currently unclear whether treatment of anaemia leads to patient benefit. This retrospective study aimed to determine the aetiology of preoperative anaemia in a cohort of patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery over two years at a tertiary hospital. Laboratory data obtained at the preoperative assessment clinic visit were assessed to stratify patients into four groups-iron deficiency anaemia (IDA), possible IDA, anaemia of chronic disease (ACD) and non-anaemic patients with low ferritin according to the 'Preoperative haemoglobin assessment and optimisation template' of the Australian Patient Blood Management (PBM) Guidelines...
January 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072534/structure-magnetism-and-thermoelectric-properties-of-magnesium-containing-antimonide-zintl-phases-sr14mgsb11-and-eu14mgsb11
#3
Wen-Jie Tan, Yin-Tu Liu, Min Zhu, Tie-Jun Zhu, Xin-Bing Zhao, Xu-Tang Tao, Sheng-Qing Xia
New Mg-containing antimonide Zintl phases, Sr14MgSb11 and Eu14MgSb11, were synthesized from high-temperature solid-state reactions in Ta tubes at 1323 K. Their structures can be viewed as derived from the Ca14AlSb11 structure type, which adopt the tetragonal space group I41/acd (No. 142, Z = 8) with the cell parameters of a = 17.5691(14)/17.3442(11) Å and c = 23.399(4)/22.981(3) Å for the Sr- and Eu-containing compounds, respectively. The corresponding thermoelectric properties were probed, which demonstrated high potential of these compounds as new thermoelectrics for their very low thermal conductivity and moderate Seebeck coefficient...
January 10, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068365/tonographic-effect-of-ocular-response-analyzer-in-comparison-to-goldmann-applanation-tonometry
#4
Martin Zimmermann, Susanne Pitz, Irene Schmidtmann, Norbert Pfeiffer, Joanna Wasielica-Poslednik
AIMS: The tonographic effect is a phenomenon of intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction following repeated tonometry. This study examines whether the tonographic effect occurs following IOP measurement performed with Ocular Response Analyzer (ORA). METHODS: Both eyes of 31 glaucoma patients and 35 healthy controls underwent nine IOP-measurements performed with GAT and ORA. The number of GAT and ORA measurements performed on each eye differed depending on the randomly allocated investigation scheme...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065780/drug-likeness-prediction-of-chemical-constituents-isolated-from-chinese%C3%A2-materia%C3%A2-medica-ciwujia
#5
Shuai-Nan Zhang, Xu-Zhao Li, Xu-Yan Yang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ciwujia (CWJ), one of the most commonly used Chinese materia medicas (CMMs), is derived from the roots, rhizomes, and stems of Acanthopanax senticosus harms (AS). CWJ has been used for the treatment of various central nervous system (CNS) and peripheral system diseases. Drug-likeness prediction can help to analyze the absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion (ADME) processes of the compounds in CWJ, as well as their potential therapeutic and toxic effects, which is of significance in the confirmation of the active material bases of CWJ...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058150/changes-in-anterior-chamber-depth-after-combined-phacovitrectomy
#6
Gökhan Gülkılık, Sevil Karaman Erdur, Merve Özbek, Mustafa Özsütçü, Mahmut Odabaşı, Göktuğ Demirci, Mehmet Selim Kocabora, Mustafa Eliaçık
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate changes in anterior chamber depth (ACD) and postoperative refractive outcomes after combined phacovitrectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 10 eyes of 10 patients that underwent combined phacovitrectomy (study group) and 14 eyes of 14 patients that underwent phacoemulsification surgery (control group) at İstanbul Medipol University Ophthalmology Department. Preoperative and 3-month postoperative best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), ACD, change in ACD and refractive outcomes were compared between the two groups...
August 2016: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056057/flat-anterior-chamber-after-trabeculectomy-in-secondary-angle-closure-glaucoma-with-best1-gene-mutation-case-series
#7
Yimin Zhong, Xinxing Guo, Hui Xiao, Jingyi Luo, Chengguo Zuo, Xiaobo Huang, Jingjing Huang, Lan Mi, Qingjiong Zhang, Xing Liu
PURPOSE: Trabeculectomy has been regarded as a mainstay of initial treatment in eyes of angle closure glaucoma (ACG) with peripheral anterior synechia > 180° in the Chinese population while its efficacy in secondary ACG with BEST1 gene mutation remains unclear. We set out to investigate the treatment outcome of trabeculectomy for secondary ACG in a group of patients with autosomal recessive bestrophinopathy (ARB). METHODS: In this retrospective case series study, 8 secondary ACG patients with ARB and their 4 recruited family members underwent a thorough ophthalmic examination including best-corrected visual acuity, Goldmann applanation tonometry, gonioscopy, and fundus examinations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050321/comparison-of-anterior-segment-measurements-obtained-by-aladdin-optical-biometer-and-sirius-corneal-topography
#8
Onur Polat, Zeki Baysal, Serkan Özcan, Sibel İnan, Ümit Übeyt İnan
OBJECTIVES: To assess the agreement of anterior segment parameter measurements derived from Aladdin optical biometer using optical low coherence interferometer and Sirius corneal topography using combined Scheimpflug-Placido disk. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data obtained using the Aladdin and Sirius systems from 110 eyes of 59 subjects who had no health problems other than refractive errors were retrospectively evaluated. Anterior chamber depth (ACD), flat (K1) and steep (K2) keratometry readings, and white-to-white distance (WTW) measurements taken with both devices were noted...
December 2016: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050320/changes-in-anterior-chamber-depth-after-phacoemulsification-in-pseudoexfoliative-eyes-and-their-effect-on-accuracy-of-intraocular-lens-power-calculation
#9
Sirel Gür Güngör, Ahmet Akman, Leyla Asena, Mustafa Aksoy, Almila Sarıgül Sezenöz
OBJECTIVES: To compare anterior chamber depth (ACD) changes after phacoemulsification surgery in patients with pseudoexfoliation syndrome (PEX) and normal patients using an anterior segment imaging method. Another aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of these changes on the accuracy of intraocular lens (IOL) power calculation and postoperative refraction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-two eyes of 22 patients with PEX and 30 eyes of 30 normal patients who underwent uneventful phacoemulsification surgery and IOL implantation were included in the study...
December 2016: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042234/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-anemia-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#10
REVIEW
Victoria Mücke, Marcus M Mücke, Tim Raine, Dominik Bettenworth
Anemia represents one of the most frequent complications in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and severely impairs the quality of life of affected patients. The etiology of anemia in IBD patients can be multifactorial, often involving a combination of iron deficiency (ID) and anemia of chronic disease (ACD). Although current guidelines recommend screening for and treatment of anemia in IBD patients, current observational data suggest that it still remains underdiagnosed and undertreated. Besides basic laboratory parameters (e...
2017: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028947/the-effects-of-controlled-physical-training-on-peripheral-circulation-following-interventional-treatment-of-coronary-artery-disease
#11
Ireneusz Jurczak, Ksenia Jurczak, Robert Irzmański
BACKGROUND: Controlled physical training induces specific changes in the peripheral circulatory system and can lead to positive changes in the vascular perfusion of the lower extremities. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate changes in peripheral circulation in the calf in patients with acute coronary disease (ACD) undergoing controlled physical training. Impedance plethysmography was used to monitor peripheral circulation during the training. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 90 patients were divided into three study groups...
September 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018415/a-halotolerant-bacterium-bacillus-licheniformis-hsw-16-augments-induced-systemic-tolerance-to-salt-stress-in-wheat-plant-triticum-aestivum
#12
Rajnish P Singh, Prabhat N Jha
Certain plant growth promoting bacteria can protect associated plants from harmful effects of salinity. We report the isolation and characterization of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC) deaminase bacterium Bacillus licheniformis HSW-16 capable of ameliorating salt (NaCl) stress in wheat plants. The bacterium was isolated from the water of Sambhar salt lake, Rajasthan, India. The presence of ACC deaminase activity was confirmed by enzyme assay and analysis of AcdS gene, a structural gene for ACC deaminase...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018305/inoculation-of-soil-with-plant-growth-promoting-bacteria-producing-1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate-deaminase-or-expression-of-the-corresponding-acds-gene-in-transgenic-plants-increases-salinity-tolerance-in-camelina-sativa
#13
Zohreh Heydarian, Min Yu, Margaret Gruber, Bernard R Glick, Rong Zhou, Dwayne D Hegedus
Camelina sativa (camelina) is an oilseed crop touted for use on marginal lands; however, it is no more tolerant of soil salinity than traditional crops, such as canola. Plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) that produce 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate deaminase (ACC deaminase) facilitate plant growth in the presence of abiotic stresses by reducing stress ethylene. Rhizospheric and endophytic PGPB and the corresponding acdS- mutants of the latter were examined for their ability to enhance tolerance to salt in camelina...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008232/structure-based-virtual-screening-and-characterization-of-a-novel-il-6-antagonistic-compound-from-synthetic-compound-database
#14
Jing Wang, Chunxia Qiao, He Xiao, Zhou Lin, Yan Li, Jiyan Zhang, Beifen Shen, Tinghuan Fu, Jiannan Feng
According to the three-dimensional (3D) complex structure of (hIL-6⋅hIL-6R⋅gp 130)2 and the binding orientation of hIL-6, three compounds with high affinity to hIL-6R and bioactivity to block hIL-6 in vitro were screened theoretically from the chemical databases, including 3D-Available Chemicals Directory (ACD) and MDL Drug Data Report (MDDR), by means of the computer-guided virtual screening method. Using distance geometry, molecular modeling and molecular dynamics trajectory analysis methods, the binding mode and binding energy of the three compounds were evaluated theoretically...
2016: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007115/comparison-of-stability-between-a-modular-intraocular-lens-system-and-a-single-piece-hydrophobic-acrylic-intraocular-lens
#15
Jeffrey R SooHoo, Stephen S Lane, Robert J Cionni, John P Berdahl, Glenn R Sussman, Malik Y Kahook
PURPOSE: To compare the movement of a modular intraocular lens (IOL) with that of a standard single-piece hydrophobic acrylic IOL in a human cadaver eye perfusion model. SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, University of Colorado, Aurora, Colorado, USA. DESIGN: Experimental study. METHODS: Eight phakic human donor eyes of 4 patients had standard phacoemulsification with lens removal. One of 2 IOLs was then implanted in the capsular bag: a modular IOL (Harmoni) or a standard single-piece IOL (Acrysof SN60)...
December 2016: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006916/synergistic-combination-of-case-algorithms-and-dft-chemical-shift-predictions-a-powerful-approach-for-structure-elucidation-verification-and-revision
#16
Alexei V Buevich, Mikhail E Elyashberg
Structure elucidation of complex natural products and new organic compounds remains a challenging problem. To support this endeavor, CASE (computer-assisted structure elucidation) expert systems were developed. These systems are capable of generating a set of all possible structures consistent with an ensemble of 2D NMR data followed by selection of the most probable structure on the basis of empirical NMR chemical shift prediction. However, in some cases, empirical chemical shift prediction is incapable of distinguishing the correct structure...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000285/a-defective-inflammatory-response-may-underlie-cases-of-atopic-dermatitis
#17
LETTER
D A Rivers, R Stern, H I Maibach
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995625/in-training-assessments-the-difficulty-is-trying-to-balance-reality-and-really-tell-the-truth
#18
Catherine E Scarff, Robert M Corderoy, Margaret Bearman
BACKGROUND: In-training assessments (ITA) aim to evaluate trainees' progress and give valuable feedback on their performance. Many factors can affect supervisors during their completion of assessments and these can influence the final results recorded. METHODS: This is the second part of a study of supervisors of the Australasian College of Dermatologists (ACD) and presents the qualitative data on their opinions of the ACD ITA process and the influences on their ITA ratings...
December 20, 2016: Australasian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995169/complementary-pharmacological-and-toxicological-characterization-data-on-the-pharmacological-profile-of-n-2-6-dichlorophenyl-2-4-methyl-1-piperidinyl-acetamide
#19
Myrna Déciga-Campos, Gabriel Navarrete-Vázquez, Francisco Javier López-Muñoz, Tadeusz Librowski, Amanda Sánchez-Recillas, Victor Yañez-Pérez, Rolffy Ortiz-Andrade
This text presents complementary data corresponding to pharmacological and toxicological characterization of N-(2,6-dichlorophenyl)-2-(4-methyl-1-piperidinyl)acetamide (LIA) compound. These data support our research article entitled "Pharmacological profile of N-(2,6-dichlorophenyl)-2-(4-methyl-1-piperidinyl)acetamide, a novel analog of lidocaine" Déciga-Campos M., Navarrete-Vázquez G., López-Muñoz F.J., Librowski T., Sánchez-Recillas A., Yañez-Pérez V., Ortiz-Andrade R. (2016) [1]. Toxicity was predicted through the ACD/ToxSuite software and evaluated in vivo using brine shrimp larvae (Artemia salina L...
September 2016: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994390/comparison-of-anterior-segment-measurements-with-optical-low-coherence-reflectometry-and-partial-coherence-interferometry-optical-biometers
#20
Ertuğrul Can, Mustafa Duran, Tuğba Çetinkaya, Nurşen Arıtürk
AIMS: To evaluate a new noncontact optical biometer using partial-coherence interferometry and to compare the clinical measurements with those obtained from the device using optical low-coherence reflectometry (OLCR). SETTING AND DESIGN: Ondokuz Mayis University, Samsun, Turkey. Nonrandomized, prospective clinical trial. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study was performed on the healthy phakic eyes of volunteers in the year 2014. Measurements of axial length (AL), anterior chamber depth (ACD), central corneal thickness (CCT), mean keratometry (K), and white-to-white (WTW) measurements obtained with the low-time coherence interferometry (LTCI) were compared with those obtained with the OLCR...
October 2016: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
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