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Agata Kosobucka, Piotr Michalski, Łukasz Pietrzykowski, Michał Kasprzak, Karolina Obońska, Tomasz Fabiszak, Mirosława Felsmann, Aldona Kubica
Introduction: A substantial subset of patients after myocardial infarction (MI) discontinue pivotal medication early after discharge. In particular, cessation of antiplatelet treatment may lead to catastrophic ischemic events. Thus, adherence to prescribed medication in patients after MI is an issue of medical and social concern. Purpose: The aim of the study was to evaluate the level of adherence to treatment using a newly developed scale in patients after MI treated with percutaneous coronary intervention...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
Badrul Haidar, Mahbuba Ferdous, Babry Fatema, Ahlan Sabah Ferdous, Mohammad Riazul Islam, Haseena Khan
Endophytes are bacterial or fungal organisms associated with plants in an obligate or facultative manner. In order to maintain a stable symbiosis, many of the endophytes produce compounds that promote plant growth and help them adapt better to the environment. This study was conducted to explore the potential of jute bacterial endophytes for their growth promotion ability in direct and indirect ways. A total of 27 different bacterial species were identified from different varieties of a jute plant (Corchorus olitorius) and different parts of the plant (leaf, root, seed, and seedling) based on 16S rRNA gene sequence...
March 2018: Microbiological Research
Olivier Barbier, Maelle Racle
Introduction: The current evolution of surgical practices is increasingly trending toward hyper-specialization. For military surgeons, their practice in France does not differ from their civilian counterparts. In contrast, in external operations, they have to deal with specific war injuries in austere conditions. They are also required to take care of local populations. Therefore, specific training is necessary, and the French Military Health Service Academy (Ecole du Val-de-Grâce) Paris has set up a specific training called Advanced Course for Deployment Surgery (ACDS) in 2007...
March 14, 2018: Military Medicine
Silvina M Y López, Ma Dolores Molina Sánchez, Graciela N Pastorino, Mario E E Franco, Nicolás Toro García, Pedro A Balatti
The purpose of this work was to study further two Bradyrhizobium japonicum strains with high nitrogen-fixing capacity that were identified within a collection of approximately 200 isolates from the soils of Argentina. Nodulation and nitrogen-fixing capacity and the level of expression of regulatory as well as structural genes of nitrogen fixation and the 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) deaminase gene of the isolates were compared with that of E109-inoculated plants. Both isolates of B. japonicum, 163 and 366, were highly efficient to fix nitrogen compared to commercial strain E109...
March 15, 2018: Current Microbiology
Jing Dong, Yaqin Zhang, Haining Zhang, Zhijie Jia, Suhua Zhang, Xiaogang Wang
PURPOSE: To compare the axial length (AL), anterior chamber depth (ACD) and intraocular lens power (IOLP) of IOLMaster and Ultrasound in normal, long and short eyes. METHODS: Seventy-four normal eyes (≥ 22 mm and ≤ 25 mm), 74 long eyes (> 25 mm) and 78 short eyes (< 22 mm) underwent AL and ACD measurements with both devices in the order of IOLMaster followed by Ultrasound. The IOLP were calculated using a free online LADAS IOL formula calculator. RESULTS: The difference in AL and IOLP between IOLMaster and Ultrasound was statistically significant when all three groups were combined...
2018: PloS One
E V Aleksandrova, A I Batalov, E L Pogosbekyan, N E Zakharova, L M Fadeeva, A D Kravchuk, I N Pronin, A A Potapov
The study purpose was to develop a technique for intravital visualization of the brainstem reticular formation fibers in healthy volunteers using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 21 subjects (13 males and 8 females) aged 21 to 62 years. The study was performed on a magnetic resonance imaging scanner with a magnetic field strength of 3 T in T1, T2, T2-FLAIR, DWI, and SWI modes. A CSD-HARDI algorithm was used to identify thin intersecting fibers of the reticular formatio...
2018: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
Adisa Kursumovic, Jenny C Kienzler, Gerrit J Bouma, Richard Bostelmann, Michael Heggeness, Claudius Thome, Larry E Miller, Martin Barth
STUDY DESIGN: Post hoc analysis of a randomized controlled trial. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the morphology and clinical relevance of vertebral endplate changes (VEPC) following limited lumbar discectomy with or without implantation of a bone-anchored annular closure device (ACD). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Implantation of an ACD following limited lumbar discectomy has shown promise in reducing the risk of recurrent herniation in patients with large annular defects...
March 13, 2018: Spine
Hellen Cs Römkens, Henny Jm Beckers, Jan Sag Schouten, Tos Tjm Berendschot, Carroll Ab Webers
Purpose: The aim of this study is to generate reference values for anterior chamber morphometrics to facilitate the interpretation of anterior chamber images acquired with swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) in a Caucasian population. Materials and methods: Non-glaucomatous Caucasian subjects, who were newly referred to the outpatient department of the University Eye Clinic Maastricht UMC+, were asked to undergo anterior segment assessment with SS-OCT imaging prior to routine eye examination (including visual acuity and refractive error measurements, Goldmann applanation tonometry, slit lamp examination and funduscopy)...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
Carsten Goebel, Thomas L Diepgen, Brunhilde Blömeke, Anthony A Gaspari, Axel Schnuch, Anne Fuchs, Kordula Schlotmann, Maya Krasteva, Ian Kimber
Occupational exposure of hairdressers to hair dyes has been associated with the development of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) involving the hands. p-Phenylenediamine (PPD) and toluene-2,5-diamine (PTD) have been implicated as important occupational contact allergens. To conduct a quantitative risk assessment for the induction of contact sensitization to hair dyes in hairdressers, available data from hand rinsing studies following typical occupational exposure conditions to PPD, PTD and resorcinol were assessed...
March 9, 2018: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
Galina A Ekimova, Dmitry N Fedorov, Akio Tani, Nina V Doronina, Yuri A Trotsenko
The presence of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) deaminase determines the ability of bacteria to increase the resistance of plants to various types of stress. The genes of ACC deaminase (acdS) and the closely related enzyme D-cysteine desulfhydrase (dcyD) were searched in type strains of various representatives of the genus Methylobacterium. Using PCR screening and in silico searching in the available complete genome sequences of type strains, the genes were found in 28 of 48 species of the genus. Phylogenetic analysis of amino acid sequences of proteins revealed two large groups of sequences of the AcdS protein and one of the DcyD protein...
March 8, 2018: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
Zuoqi Xiao, Suxi Xiao, Yongning Zhang, Tao Pan, Bo Ouyang
Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) is a common irritability skin disease, which can be cured by using the Chinese patent medicine. To explore the pharmacological effect of total flavonoids of Fructus Kochiae (FK) on ACD, we used dinitrochlorobenzene- (DNCB-) induced ACD rats. Five groups were used in our experiments. The normal group and the DNCB group were treated with 0.5% CMC-Na; the DNCB + hFK group was treated with a high dose of total flavonoids of FK (200 mg/kg); the DNCB + lFK group was treated with a low dose of FK (100 mg/kg); the DNCB + Pre group was treated with prednisolone acetate (2...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Xing Li, Li-Min Liao, Guo-Qing Chen, Zhao-Xia Wang, Tian-Ji Lu, Han Deng
There have no universally accepted criteria and have been established for classification of underactive bladder (UAB) at present. Thus, the study described the comprehensive clinical and urodynamic characteristics of UAB in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms.A total of 1726 patients (1259 men and 467 women; 6-88 years old) who were admitted to our center with a diagnosis of UAB were included in this retrospective study. It was due to the type of rehabilitation hospital, so higher percentage of neurological patients were included...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Andrew D McEachran, Kamel Mansouri, Seth R Newton, Brandiese E J Beverly, Jon R Sobus, Antony J Williams
High-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) data has revolutionized the identification of environmental contaminants through non-targeted analysis (NTA). However, chemical identification remains challenging due to the vast number of unknown molecular features typically observed in environmental samples. Advanced data processing techniques are required to improve chemical identification workflows. The ideal workflow brings together a variety of data and tools to increase the certainty of identification. One such tool is chromatographic retention time (RT) prediction, which can be used to reduce the number of possible suspect chemicals within an observed RT window...
May 15, 2018: Talanta
Simone Fulda
Macroautophagy (herein termed autophagy) is evolutionarily highly conserved across eukaryotic cells and represents an intracellular catabolic process that targets damaged macromolecules and organelles for degradation. Autophagy is dysregulated in various human diseases including cancer. In addition, many drugs currently used for the treatment of cancer can engage autophagy, which typically promotes cancer cell survival by mitigating cellular stress. However, under certain circumstances activation of autophagy upon anticancer drug treatment can also trigger a lethal type of autophagy termed autophagic cell death (ACD)...
March 1, 2018: Biological Chemistry
Giuseppina Caiazzo, Roberta Di Caprio, Serena Lembo, Annunziata Raimondo, Emanuele Scala, Cataldo Patruno, Anna Balato
In this study, we investigated the role of IL-26 in allergic contact dermatitis (ACD), highlighting its contribute in the cytotoxic mechanism responsible of the tissue injury. IL-26 is a signature Th17 cytokine, and immune cells are its predominant sources. Recently, it has shown that Th17 cell-derived-IL-26 functions like an antimicrobial peptide. Here, we hypothesized that IL-26 could be involved in cytotoxicity mechanism, that underlies ACD. Indeed, we have attributed a role to IL-26 in this context, through PBMC cytotoxicity assays versus Hacat...
March 2, 2018: Experimental Dermatology
Tian Hao Zhu, Raagini Suresh, Benjamin Farahnik, Caleb Jeon, Erin Warshaw, Pamela Scheinman, Christen Mowad, Nina Botto, Bruce Brod, James S Taylor, Amber Reck Atwater, Kalman Watsky, Peter C Schalock, Brian C Machler, Stephen Helms, Sharon E Jacob, Jenny E Murase
BACKGROUND: Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) remains a significant burden of disease in the United States. Patch testing is the criterion standard for diagnosing ACD, but its use may be limited by reimbursement challenges. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the current rate of patch test utilization among dermatologists in academic, group, or private practice settings to understand different patch testing business models that address these reimbursement challenges...
February 28, 2018: Dermatitis
Ahsan Mukhtar, Mohammad Asim Mehboob, Zaheer Uddin Babar, Mazhar Ishaq
Objective: To compare the effects of Pars Plana Vitrectomy (PPV) and Scleral Buckling (SB) with reference to Central Corneal Thickness (CCT), Corneal Endothelial-Cell Density (CED), Anterior Chamber Depth (ACD) and Axial Length (AL) in repair of Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment (RRD). Methods: This comparative cross sectional analytical study was conducted at Armed Forces Institute of Ophthalmology (AFIO), Rawalpindi from July 2013 to July 2015. A total of 69 eyes of 69 patients which underwent repair of RRD by either PPV or SB were analyzed to compare mean change in CCT, CED, ACD and AL between two groups...
November 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Rachel L Moran, Rebecca C Fuller
Selection against hybridization can cause mating traits to diverge between species in sympatry via reproductive character displacement (RCD). Additionally, selection against interspecific fighting can cause aggressive traits to diverge between sympatric species via agonistic character displacement (ACD). By directly affecting conspecific recognition traits, RCD and ACD between species can also incidentally cause divergence in mating and fighting traits among populations within a species [termed cascade RCD (CRCD) and cascade ACD]...
February 2018: Current Zoology
Xingyi Li, Wei Wang, Wenbin Huang, Shida Chen, Jiawei Wang, Zhonghao Wang, Yaoming Liu, Mingguang He, Xiulan Zhang
PURPOSE: To measure the anterior and posterior ocular biometric characteristics concurrently and to explore the relationship between iris, ciliary body and choroid in acute primary angle closure eyes (APAC) and fellow eyes. METHODS: It is a prospective, cross-sectional study. Thirty patients with recent APAC were finally enroled in it. Anterior and posterior uveal parameters were measured simultaneously by anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT), swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) and ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM)...
March 1, 2018: Eye
Jin-Soo Kim, Jung Yeol Choi, Ji-Won Kwon, Won Ryang Wee, Young Keun Han
AIM: To investigate the effects and safety of neodymium: yttrium-aluminium-garnet (Nd:YAG) laser posterior capsulotomy with vitreous strand cutting. METHODS: A total of 40 eyes of 37 patients with symptomatic posterior capsular opacity (PCO) were included in this prospective randomized study and were randomly subjected to either cruciate pattern or round pattern Nd:YAG posterior capsulotomy with vitreous strand cutting (modified round pattern). The best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), intraocular pressure (IOP), refractive error, endothelial cell count (ECC), anterior segment parameters, including anterior chamber depth (ACD) and anterior chamber angle (ACA) were measured before and 1mo after the laser posterior capsulotomy...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
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