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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918002/hair-care-practices-in-african-american-women-potential-for-allergic-contact-dermatitis
#1
Alicia Stallings, Apra Sood
Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) is a delayed hypersensitivity reaction that occurs when the skin is re-exposed to a substance to which it was previously sensitized. One significant source of exposure to sensitizing chemicals is through personal grooming and beauty products. While the role of cosmetics and hair-care products in the development of ACD is well-documented, there has been very little literature that specifically addresses the role of hair-care practices of patients with tightly curled hair, such as in patients of African descent, in the development of ACD in this population...
December 2016: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917896/astragaloside-iv-ameliorates-allergic-inflammation-by-inhibiting-key-initiating-factors-in-the-initial-stage-of-sensitization
#2
Kai-Fan Bao, Xi Yu, Xiao Wei, Li-Li Gui, Hai-Liang Liu, Xiao-Yu Wang, Yu Tao, Guo-Rong Jiang, Min Hong
To illuminate the anti-allergy mechanism of astragaloside IV (AS-IV), we assessed its effects in a murine model of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD). AS-IV administered in the sensitization phase, rather than in the elicitation phase, dramatically alleviated the symptoms of allergic inflammation. We hypothesized that AS-IV exerts its anti-allergy effects by regulating the production of key pro-allergic cytokines based on the fact that interleukin (IL)-33 and thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) levels increase significantly in the initial stage of the sensitization phase...
December 5, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908535/mortality-profile-of-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-france-and-its-change-in-10-years
#3
Jérôme Avouac, Fazia Amrouche, Christophe Meune, Grégoire Rey, André Kahan, Yannick Allanore
OBJECTIVE: To study the mortality profile of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in France. METHODS: Data were collected between 2000 and 2011 from the French Epidemiological Center for the Medical Causes of Death database; all death certificates from adults that either mentioned RA as an underlying cause of death (UCD) or as an associated cause of death (ACD) were evaluated using multiple-cause-of-death analysis. The different causes of death and their frequency were reported, together with the ratio of observed/expected number of death (O/E ratio) to measure the strength of association between RA listed as an ACD and the corresponding UCD...
October 29, 2016: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907134/reward-contingencies-improve-goal-directed-behavior-by-enhancing-posterior-brain-attentional-regions-and-increasing-corticostriatal-connectivity-in-cocaine-addicts
#4
Patricia Rosell-Negre, Juan-Carlos Bustamante, Paola Fuentes-Claramonte, Víctor Costumero, Juan-José Llopis-Llacer, Alfonso Barrós-Loscertales
The dopaminergic system provides the basis for the interaction between motivation and cognition. It is triggered by the possibility of obtaining rewards to initiate the neurobehavioral adaptations necessary to achieve them by directing the information from motivational circuits to cognitive and action circuits. In drug addiction, the altered dopamine (DA) modulation of the meso-cortico-limbic reward circuitry, such as the prefrontal cortex (PFC), underlies the disproportionate motivational value of drug use at the expense of other non-drug reinforcers and the user's loss of control over his/her drug intake...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902755/the-utility-of-malaria-rapid-diagnostic-tests-as-a-tool-in-enhanced-surveillance-for-malaria-elimination-in-vanuatu
#5
Wesley Donald, Cielo Pasay, Jean-Olivier Guintran, Harry Iata, Karen Anderson, Johnny Nausien, Karryn J Gresty, Norman C Waters, Lasse S Vestergaard, George Taleo, Qin Cheng
BACKGROUND: As part of efforts to eliminate malaria, Vanuatu has piloted the implementation of enhanced malaria surveillance and response strategies since 2011. This involves passive case detection (PCD) in health facilities, proactive case detection (Pro-ACD) and reactive case detection (Re-ACD) in communities using malaria rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs). While RDTs improve case management, their utility for detection of malaria infections in ACDs in this setting is unclear. METHODS: The utility of malaria RDTs as diagnostic tools was evaluated in PCD, in five rounds of Pro-ACDs and five rounds of Re-ACDs conducted in Tafea and Torba Provinces between 2011 and 2014...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900479/evaluation-of-the-repeatability-of-a-swept-source-ocular-biometer-for-measuring-ocular-biometric-parameters
#6
Teresa Ferrer-Blasco, Alberto Domínguez-Vicent, José J Esteve-Taboada, Miguel A Aloy, Jose E Adsuara, Robert Montés-Micó
PURPOSE: The purpose was to evaluate the repeatability of a new swept-source optical biometer for measuring ocular biometric parameters. METHODS: Thirty subjects with healthy and phakic eyes were included in this study, and only one eye per participant was analysed. Each eye was measured five times with the IOLMaster 700 swept-source optical biometer (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Jena, Germany). Axial length (AL), anterior chamber depth (ACD), central corneal thickness (CCT), lens thickness (LT), white-to-white (WTW), and K1 and K2 keratometric readings were evaluated...
November 30, 2016: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898985/a-novel-congenital-cataract-category-system-based-on-lens-opacity-locations-and-relevant-anterior-segment-characteristics
#7
Haotian Lin, Duoru Lin, Zhenzhen Liu, Erping Long, Xiaohang Wu, Qianzhong Cao, Jingjing Chen, Zhuoling Lin, Xiaoyan Li, Li Zhang, Hui Chen, Xiayin Zhang, Jing Li, Weirong Chen, Yizhi Liu
Purpose: We compared the anterior segment characteristics of congenital cataract (CC) patients with lens opacities in different locations and proposed a modified, simple CC category system. Methods: Cataractous eyes of CC patients were classified into four groups based on the locations of lens opacities shown in slit-lamp examinations and by a 3-dimensional anterior segment imaging system as follows: total, anterior, interior, and posterior cataracts. The mean keratometry value, corneal astigmatism (CA), central corneal thickness (CCT), and anterior chamber depth (ACD) of eyes in different groups were compared...
November 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898943/effects-of-feeding-fermented-wheat-with-on-gut-morphology-intestinal-fermentation-nutrient-digestibility-and-growth-performance-in-weaned-pigs
#8
M H A Le, S Galle, Y Yang, J L Landero, E Beltranena, M G Gänzle, R T Zijlstra
Feeding fermented feed to weaned pigs may improve nutrient digestibility and gut health and thereby reduce diarrhea incidence. Effects of feeding wheat grain fermented for 24 h with were evaluated with 36 weaned pigs (7.3 kg BW). Fermented wheat grain contained (DM basis) 14.2% CP, 0.45% chemically available Lys, and 7.8% NDF, whereas unfermented wheat grain contained 16.4% CP, 0.45% chemically available Lys, and 9.9% NDF. Pigs were fed 6 mash wheat-based diets balanced for water content during 2 phases: Phase 1 diets for 1 wk (d 0-7) with 20% unfermented or fermented wheat and, subsequently, Phase 2 diets for 2 wk (d 8-21) with 50% unfermented or fermented wheat...
November 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898517/comparision-of-optical-low-coherence-reflectometry-versus-ultrasonic-biometry-in-high-hypermetropia
#9
Rukiye Aydin, Sevil Karaman Erdur, Kubra Serefoglu Cabuk, Eyyup Karahan, Suleyman Kaynak
PURPOSE: To compare anterior chamber depth (ACD), axial length (AL), and lens thickness (LT) measurements obtained by the Lenstar LS 900 (Haag-Streit AG) optical low-coherence reflectometry with those obtained by the A-scan contact ultrasound among patients with moderate and high hypermetropia. METHODS: Fifty-two eyes of 52 patients with moderate and high hypermetropia (spherical equivalent of +4 D or more) were examined in this study measurements of ACD, AL, and LT obtained by Lenstar were compared with those obtained by applanation A-scan ultrasound...
November 24, 2016: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898325/determination-of-acid-dissociation-constants-pka-of-cephalosporin-antibiotics-computational-and-experimental-approaches
#10
Alyson R Ribeiro, Torsten C Schmidt
Cefapirin (CEPA) and ceftiofur (CEF) are two examples of widely used veterinarian cephalosporins presenting multiple ionization centers. However, the acid dissociation constants (pKa) of CEF are missing and experimental data about CEPA are rare. The same is true for many cephalosporins, where available data are either incomplete or even wrong. Environmentally relevant biotic and abiotic processes depend primordially on the antibiotic pH-dependent speciation. Consequently, this physicochemical parameter should be reliable, including the correct ionization center identification...
November 26, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897453/clinical-usefulness-of-simultaneous-measurement-of-the-tear-levels-of-ccl17-ccl24-and-il-16-for-the-biomarkers-of-allergic-conjunctival-disorders
#11
Jun Shoji, Hiroshi Aso, Noriko Inada
PURPOSE: This study investigated the clinical usefulness of a multiple tear cytokine/chemokine test by simultaneously determining tear levels of CC chemokine ligand 17 (CCL17)/thymus and activation-regulated chemokine (TARC), CCL24/eotaxin-2, and interleukin-16 (IL-16) for assessing acute and chronic allergic inflammation in allergic conjunctival disorders (ACDs). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This study included 37 patients with ACD and 11 healthy adults (controls). Patients with ACDs were divided into the following three groups; patients with allergic conjunctivitis (AC group, n = 17), patients with atopic keratoconjunctivitis (AKC group, n = 6), and patients with vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC group, n = 14)...
November 29, 2016: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893097/benefit-of-measuring-anterior-segment-structures-using-an-increased-number-of-optical-coherence-tomography-images-the-chinese-american-eye-study
#12
Benjamin Y Xu, Paul Israelsen, Billy X Pan, Dandan Wang, Xuejuan Jiang, Rohit Varma
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the benefit of analyzing an increased number of anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) images on measurement values of various anterior segment parameters. Methods: Subjects for this cross-sectional study were recruited from the Chinese American Eye Study (CHES), a population-based study in Los Angeles, CA. Thirty-two AS-OCT images were acquired from one eye each of 83 consecutive subjects. Sixteen parameters were analyzed in each image, including angle opening distance (AOD), angle recess area (ARA), trabecular iris space area (TISA), trabecular iris angle (TIA), scleral spur angle (SSAngle), lens vault (LV), pupillary diameter (PD), anterior chamber depth (ACD), anterior chamber width (ACW), iris area (IA), and anterior chamber area (ACA)...
November 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886903/allergic-contact-dermatitis
#13
REVIEW
Lisa Kostner, Florian Anzengruber, Caroline Guillod, Mike Recher, Peter Schmid-Grendelmeier, Alexander A Navarini
Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) is a common skin disease caused by a T cell-mediated immune reaction to usually innocuous allergens. ACD can have grave medical and socioeconomic consequences. ACD and irritant contact dermatitis often occur together. A detailed history and clinical examination are crucial and guide patch testing, which is the gold standard to diagnose ACD. T-cell clones persisting in the skin may explain the tendency of ACD to relapse even after years of allergen avoidance. Traditional treatments for ACD are topical steroids, calcineurin inhibitors, phototherapy, retinoids (including the recent alitretinoin), and immunosuppressants...
February 2017: Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885342/venous-adventitial-cystic-disease-a-review-of-45-cases-treated-since-1963
#14
REVIEW
Corey Bascone, Mazen Iqbal, Patrick Narh-Martey, Mauricio Szuchmacher, Michael Cicchillo, Kambhampaty V Krishnasastry
Purpose. To review and identify the most accurate ways of diagnosing and treating adventitial cystic disease (ACD) of the venous system. Methods. Cases of ACD were collected through three popular medical databases, including PubMed, Cochrane, OVID, and MEDLINE. After reviewing the literature, the sites of occurrence of 323 cases of adventitial cystic disease were documented, and all cases of arterial ACD were excluded. The clinical features, treatment, and subsequent course of 45 cases of venous ACD are included in this paper...
2016: International Journal of Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872755/changes-in-anterior-segment-morphology-of-iris-bombe-before-and-after-laser-peripheral-iridotomy-in-patients-with-uveitic-secondary-glaucoma
#15
Wakako Ikegawa, Takashi Suzuki, Koji Namiguchi, Shiro Mizoue, Atsushi Shiraishi, Yuichi Ohashi
Purpose. To quantify changes in anterior segment (AS) parameters after laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI) using AS-optical coherence tomography (OCT) of iris bombe. Method. AS images of eight eyes were captured before and after iris bombe and more than 2 weeks after LPI (post-LPI) using AS-OCT. We compared the following AS parameters: anterior chamber depth (ACD), anterior chamber volume (ACV), iris curvature (IC), iris thickness at 500 μm from the scleral spur (IT-1) in the middle between the iris root and pupillary margin (IT-2) and 500 μm from the pupillary margin (IT-3) to the anterior chamber angle (ACA) (angle opening distance [AOD750]), and trabecular iris space area...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859540/the-impact-of-citrate-concentration-on-adhesion-of-platelets-and-leukocytes-to-adsorbents-in-whole-blood-lipoprotein-apheresis
#16
René Weiss, Michael B Fischer, Viktoria Weber
Lipoprotein apheresis is applied to deplete low density lipoprotein and other apolipoprotein B containing lipoproteins in patients with severe familial hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia associated pancreatitis, or lipoprotein (a)-hyperlipoproteinemia. Anticoagulation of the extracorporeal circuit may influence cellular activation, as evidenced by a reduction of inflammatory parameters during regional citrate anticoagulation with acid citrate dextrose A (ACD-A) commonly used in whole blood lipid apheresis...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Clinical Apheresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858184/pathogenic-mechanisms-of-actin-cross-linking-toxins-peeling-away-the-layers
#17
Elena Kudryashova, David B Heisler, Dmitri S Kudryashov
Actin cross-linking toxins are produced by Gram-negative bacteria from Vibrio and Aeromonas genera. The toxins were named actin cross-linking domains (ACD), since the first and most of the subsequently discovered ACDs were found as effector domains in larger MARTX and VgrG toxins. Among recognized human pathogens, ACD is produced by Vibrio cholerae, Vibrio vulnificus, and Aeromonas hydrophila. Upon delivery to the cytoplasm of a host cell, ACD covalently cross-links actin monomers into non-polymerizable actin oligomers of various lengths...
November 18, 2016: Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852399/-analysis-of-the-influence-factors-of-school-age-children-s-refractive-status
#18
Z G Chen, M C Chen, J Y Zhang, D Q Cai, Q Wang, S S Lin, J W Chen, H L Zhong
Objective: To analyze the influence of the eye biological parameters, height, and weight on the school-age children's refractive status. Methods: Cross-sectional study. A total of 1 656 children (1 656 eyes), aged from 7 to 14 years, were selected from 8 schools in Wenzhou during June 2012 and June 2013. The height and weight of each child were measured, and the body mass index (BMI) was calculated. The eye biological parameters, including axial length (AL), corneal power (C=1/CR), anterior chamber depth (ACD), and white to white (WTW), were measured by IOLMaster (version 5...
November 11, 2016: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847340/relevance-of-pre-analytical-blood-management-on-the-emerging-cardiovascular-protein-biomarkers-tweak-and-hmgb1-and-on-mirna-serum-and-plasma-profiling
#19
Daniela Basso, Andrea Padoan, Thomas Laufer, Vittorio Aneloni, Stefania Moz, Hannah Schroers, Michela Pelloso, Anna Saiz, Medea Krapp, Paola Fogar, Paola Cornoldi, Carlo-Federico Zambon, Elisa Rossi, Marco La Malfa, Alberto Marotti, Thomas Brefort, Tanja M Weis, Hugo A Katus, Mario Plebani
BACKGROUND: Disease-independent sources of biomarker variability include pre-analytical, analytical and biological variance. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether the pre-analytical phase has any impact on the emerging heart disease TWEAK and HMGB1 protein markers and miRNA biomarkers, and whether peptidome profiling allows the identification of pre-analytical quality markers. METHODS: An assessment was made of sample type (serum, EDTA-Plasma, Citrate-Plasma, ACD-plasma, Heparin-plasma), temperature of sample storage (room temperature or refrigerated), time of sample storage (0...
November 12, 2016: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845488/contact-dermatitis-and-interferon-%C3%AE-dependent-chemokines
#20
P Fallahi, I Ruffilli
Inflammation of the skin is the pathological base of contact dermatitis (CD), and cytokines are very important in its pathogenesis. Recently it has been shown that interferon (IFN)-γ, and the IFN-γ dependent chemokines, monokine induced by IFN-γ (MIG), IFN-γ-induced protein 10 (IP-10), and IFN-inducible T cell alpha chemoattractant (I-TAC), play an important role in CD. Allergic CD (ACD) is a T-cell-mediated disease in which expression of a distinct repertoire of chemokines results in the recruitment of effector T cells into the skin...
September 2016: La Clinica Terapeutica
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