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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889950/from-ambivalence-to-revitalization-negotiating-cardiovascular-health-behaviors-related-to-environmental-and-historical-trauma-in-a-northwest-american-indian-community
#1
Ramona Beltrán, Katie Schultz, Angela R Fernandez, Karina L Walters, Bonnie Duran, Tessa Evans-Campbell
Cardiovascular disease is the number one cause of death among American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/AN). Utilizing narratives from members of a Pacific Northwest tribe, this paper explores perceptions about behaviors affecting cardiovascular health through tribal members' lived experiences related to place-based environmental historical trauma. Findings from narrative analysis indicate that ambivalence is an effect of historical trauma and complicates the adoption of protective cardiovascular health behaviors...
2018: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751773/an-unusual-finding-in-a-desmoid-type-fibromatosis-of-the-pancreas-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Joseph Clarence Torres, Chen Xin
BACKGROUND: Desmoid-type fibromatoses are rare benign and fibrous tumors that account for approximately 0.03% of total neoplasms. Within this category of neoplasms, pancreatic desmoid-type fibromatosis is an extremely rare subgroup, accounting for approximately 5% of desmoid-type fibromatoses. Although the etiology is unknown, some risk factors include trauma, surgery, family history of desmoid tumor, pregnancy, use of contraceptives, genetic mutation, and familial adenomatous polyposis or Gardner syndrome...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691260/ceftolozane-tazobactam-for-the-treatment-of-multidrug-resistant-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-pneumonia-in-a-patient-receiving-intermittent-hemodialysis
#3
Mohammed A Alessa, Thamer A Almangour, Abdulaziz Alhossan, Musaed A Alkholief, Mohammed Alhokail, Deanne E Tabb
PURPOSE: The safety and effectiveness of ceftolozane-tazobactam for the treatment of multidrug-resistant (MDR) Pseudomonas aeruginosa pneumonia in a patient receiving intermittent hemodialysis are reported. CASE REPORT: A 79-year-old African-American man arrived at an emergency trauma center from a nursing home via ambulance with shortness of breath and potential nasogastric tube misplacement. His medical history included end-stage renal disease (ESRD) for which he was receiving intermittent hemodialysis 3 times per week, hypertension, sacral ulcer, coronary artery bypass graft surgery, and P...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679240/a-case-of-tension-faecopneumothorax-after-delayed-diagnosis-of-traumatic-diaphragmatic-hernia
#4
Tien Yew Chern, Allan Kwok, Soni Putnis
BACKGROUND: Traumatic diaphragmatic injuries from blunt or penetrating trauma are difficult to detect in the acute setting and, if missed, can result in significant morbidity and mortality in the future. We present a case demonstrating the natural progression of this resulting in faecopneumothorax, which is a rare but serious presentation. CASE PRESENTATION: A 22-year-old young man presented with left upper quadrant and chest pain, nausea, vomiting, and intermittent obstipation with a background of previous lower chest wall stabbings...
April 20, 2018: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670801/nonoperative-management-of-multiple-penetrating-cardiac-and-colon-wounds-from-a-shotgun-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
Paula M Jaramillo, Jaime A Montoya, David A Mejia, Salin Pereira Warr
Introduction: Surgery for cardiac trauma is considered fatal and for wounds of the colon by associated sepsis is normally considered; however, conservative management of many traumatic lesions of different injured organs has progressed over the years. Presentation of the Case: A 65-year-old male patient presented with multiple shotgun wounds on the left upper limb, thorax, and abdomen. On evaluation, he was hemodynamically stable with normal sinus rhythm and normal blood pressure, no dyspnea, or abdominal pain...
2018: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661835/sexual-differentiation-of-contextual-fear-responses
#6
Lorianna Colon, Natalie Odynocki, Anthony Santarelli, Andrew M Poulos
Development and sex differentiation impart an organizational influence on the neuroanatomy and behavior of mammalian species. Prior studies suggest that brain regions associated with fear motivated defensive behavior undergo a protracted and sex-dependent development. Outside of adult animals, evidence for developmental sex differences in conditioned fear is sparse. Here, we examined in male and female Long-Evans rats how developmental age and sex affect the long-term retention and generalization of Pavlovian fear responses...
May 2018: Learning & Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644266/ureteric-transection-secondary-to-penetrating-handlebar-injury
#7
K P Debbink, D B Tashjian, M V Tirabassi, R Gaffey, J Nahmias
Ureteric trauma is rare, occurring in < 1% of all traumas. We present a unique case of a 13 year old female who sustained a penetrating abdominal injury from a bicycle handlebar. Upon initial examination there was herniation of bowel through the abdominal wound, so exploratory laparotomy was performed. A serosal injury of the colon and bleeding mesenteric veins were encountered; the retroperitoneum was not explored at that time. Postoperative course was remarkable for a doubling of the serum creatinine, increasing abdominal distention and pain...
August 2017: Trauma Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643373/reading-willy-wonka-in-the-era-of-anti-thinking
#8
Ian S Miller
Whether encountered as a movie or novel, Roald Dahl's Charlie and the Chocolate Factory is a childhood staple of postwar Anglophone culture. Originally published in 1964, Dahl's story of "Willie Wonka" is a morality tale for our times addressed by the present essay in relation to the precariousness, violence, intergenerational faith, and materialist fantasies reflective of contemporary life in the early twenty-first century. Compensating for the precarity of contemporary life's impoverishment as assumptions of societal stability are overthrown, this chronicle of the Bucket family details: envious desire validated by large group chosen trauma; authoritarian enslavement of inferior, colonized peoples with murderous, industrial-level human experimentation; toward gratification of the greedy fantasy of unlimited sweetness under the sway of lethal identification with the aggressor...
June 2018: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602488/femoral-arterial-and-central-venous-catheters-in-the-trauma-resuscitation-room
#9
S R Hamada, M Fromentin, M Ronot, T Gauss, A Harrois, J Duranteau, C Paugam-Burtz
BACKGROUND: Arterial and central venous femoral catheters (fAC-CVC) use during the initial management of severe trauma patients is not a standard technique in most trauma centers. Arguments in favor of their use are: continuous monitoring of blood pressure, safe drug administration, easy blood sampling and potentially large bore venous access. The lack of evidence makes the practice heterogeneous. The aim of the present study was to describe the use and complications of fAC-CVC in the trauma bay in two centers where they are routinely used...
May 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577225/-progress-in-the-treatment-of-surgical-procedures-for-slow-transit-constipation
#10
Dong Wei
Slow transit constipation (STC) is the most common type of chronic constipation, and surgical treatment is one of the most important means for the treatment of slow transit constipation. With the introduction of the concept of STC and the normalization of STC treatment, development of surgical treatment in slow transit constipation is continuous, and the innovation of the operation method in slow transit constipation is continuous as well from partial colectomy, total colectomy (including ileorectal anastomosis, anorectal anastomosis and ileum bag anal canal anastomosis) to subtotal colectomy (including ileosigmoid colon anastomosis, isoperistaltic cecum rectal anastomosis and antiperistaltic cecum rectal anastomosis)...
March 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563609/rsk2-is-required-for-traf6-phosphorylation-mediated-colon-inflammation
#11
Ke Yao, Sung-Young Lee, Cong Peng, Do Young Lim, Hiroyuki Yamamoto, Joohyun Ryu, Tae-Gyu Lim, Hanyong Chen, Guoguo Jin, Zhenjiang Zhao, Yaping Han, Wei-Ya Ma, Ann M Bode, Zigang Dong
Inflammation is a complex biological host reaction to tissue damage, infection and trauma. Extensive study of the inflammatory response has led to the identification of several protein kinases that are essential for signaling and could be potential therapeutic targets. The RSK family of kinases has multiple cellular functions. In our study, we found that RSK2 is a mediator for inflammation signaling and interacts with TRAF6. In vitro kinase assay results indicated that RSK2 strongly phosphorylates TRAF6 at serines 46, 47 and 48...
March 22, 2018: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557618/-post-traumatic-diaphragmatic-rupture-in-children-case-report
#12
Luciana Lerendegui, Luis A Gauto, Jimena S Esnaola, Julia Udaquiola, Roberto L Vagni, Pablo Lobos, Juan M Moldes Larribas, Daniel H Liberto
Diaphragmatic rupture is a relatively uncommon entity in pediatrics that can occur as a result of a high-impact trauma. Only between 25 and 50% of the cases are detected in the initial evaluation of the patient, which increases the risk of complications. This paper presents the case of an asymptomatic 8-year-old patient who was referred to our institution after a vehicular accident. A day and a half after admission, a left pulmonary hypoventilation was detected. Computed tomography scan showed intrathoracic elevation of the splenic angle of the colon and the small bowel...
April 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546406/characteristics-of-combat-associated-small-bowel-injuries
#13
Mariya E Skube, Quinn Mallery, Elizabeth Lusczek, Joel Elterman, Mary A Spott, Greg J Beilman
Introduction: Although there are multiple studies regarding the management and outcomes of colonic injuries incurred in combat, the literature is limited with regard to small bowel injuries. This study seeks to provide the largest reported review of the characteristics of combat-associated small bowel injuries. Materials and Methods: The Department of Defense Trauma Registry was queried for U.S. Armed Forces members who sustained hollow viscus injuries in the years 2007-2012 during Operations Enduring Freedom, Iraqi Freedom, and New Dawn...
March 13, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538735/scedosporium-and-lomentospora-an-updated-overview-of-underrated-opportunists
#14
Andoni Ramirez-Garcia, Aize Pellon, Aitor Rementeria, Idoia Buldain, Eliana Barreto-Bergter, Rodrigo Rollin-Pinheiro, Jardel Vieira de Meirelles, Mariana Ingrid D S Xisto, Stephane Ranque, Vladimir Havlicek, Patrick Vandeputte, Yohann Le Govic, Jean-Philippe Bouchara, Sandrine Giraud, Sharon Chen, Johannes Rainer, Ana Alastruey-Izquierdo, Maria Teresa Martin-Gomez, Leyre M López-Soria, Javier Peman, Carsten Schwarz, Anne Bernhardt, Kathrin Tintelnot, Javier Capilla, Adela Martin-Vicente, Jose Cano-Lira, Markus Nagl, Michaela Lackner, Laszlo Irinyi, Wieland Meyer, Sybren de Hoog, Fernando L Hernando
Species of Scedosporium and Lomentospora are considered as emerging opportunists, affecting immunosuppressed and otherwise debilitated patients, although classically they are known from causing trauma-associated infections in healthy individuals. Clinical manifestations range from local infection to pulmonary colonization and severe invasive disease, in which mortality rates may be over 80%. These unacceptably high rates are due to the clinical status of patients, diagnostic difficulties, and to intrinsic antifungal resistance of these fungi...
April 1, 2018: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520416/assessment-of-sensitivity-of-whole-body-ct-for-major-trauma
#15
Susan Yoong, Ravi Kothari, Adam Brooks
INTRODUCTION: Whole body computed tomography has become standard practice in many centres in the management of severely injured trauma patients, however, the evidence for it's diagnostic accuracy is limited. AIM: To assess the sensitivity of whole body CT in major trauma. METHOD: Retrospective review of all patients with injury severity score (ISS) > 15 presenting with blunt trauma to a UK Major Trauma Centre between May 2012 and April 2014...
March 8, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496091/minimally-invasive-surgical-approaches-to-colon-cancer
#16
REVIEW
Jean F Salem, Sriharsha Gummadi, John H Marks
Colon cancer remains the most common abdominal visceral malignancy affecting both men and women in America. Open colectomy has been the standard of care for colon cancer patients the past 100 years; although highly effective, the major trauma associated with it has a significant morbidity rate and represents a large operation for patients to recover from. Minimally invasive colon surgery was developed as a new and alternative option, and surgeons aim to continue to make it simpler, more reproducible, and easier to teach and learn...
April 2018: Surgical Oncology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483379/changes-of-serum-and-peritoneal-inflammatory-mediators-in-laparoscopic-radical-resection-for-right-colon-carcinoma
#17
Pengcheng Zhu, Wenzhong Miao, Feng Gu, Chungen Xing
Objective: The objective of this study is to investigate the effects of laparoscopic and open operation on serum and peritoneal inflammatory mediators in patients with right colon carcinoma. Patients and Methods: A total of 100 patients were randomly divided into laparoscopic group (n = 50) and open group (n = 50). The age, sex, operation time, operation blood loss, post-operative Dukes stage, time to first passage of flatus and post-operative hospital stay were recorded...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483377/laparoscopic-management-of-retroperitoneal-injuries-from-penetrating-abdominal-trauma-in-haemodynamically-stable-patients
#18
Modise Zacharia Koto, Oleh Y Matsevych, Fusi Mosai, Moses Balabyeki, Colleen Aldous
Background: Laparoscopy is increasingly utilised in the trauma setting. However, its safety and reliability in evaluating and managing retroperitoneal injuries are not known. Aim: The aim of this study was to analyse our experience with laparoscopic management of retroperitoneal injuries due to penetrating abdominal trauma (PAT) and to investigate its feasibility, safety and accuracy in haemodynamically stable patients. Methods: Over a 4-year period, patients approached laparoscopically with retroperitoneal injuries were analysed...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462085/non-occlusive-mesenteric-ischemia-in-patients-with-methamphetamine-use
#19
Jamie E Anderson, Ian E Brown, Kristin A Olson, Katherine Iverson, Christine S Cocanour, Joseph M Galante
BACKGROUND: Data suggest that methamphetamine may increase the risk of non-occlusive mesenteric ischemia (NOMI). We describe patterns of presentation and outcomes of patients with methamphetamine use who present with NOMI to a single institution. METHODS: This is an observational study of patients from January 2015 to September 2017 with methamphetamine use who presented with NOMI at an academic medical center in Northern California. We summarize patient co-morbidities, clinical presentation, operative findings, pathologic findings, hospital course, and survival...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461464/protective-effects-of-the-complement-inhibitor-compstatin-cp40-in-hemorrhagic-shock
#20
Martijn van Griensven, Daniel Ricklin, Stephanie Denk, Rebecca Halbgebauer, Christian K Braun, Anke Schultze, Felix Hönes, Sofia Koutsogiannaki, Alexandra Primikyri, Edimara Reis, David Messerer, Sebastian Hafner, Peter Radermacher, Ali-Reza Biglarnia, Ranillo R G Resuello, Joel V Tuplano, Benjamin Mayer, Kristina Nilsson, Bo Nilsson, John D Lambris, Markus Huber-Lang
Trauma-induced hemorrhagic shock (HS) plays a decisive role in the development of immune, coagulation, and organ dysfunction often resulting in a poor clinical outcome. Imbalanced complement activation is intricately associated with the molecular danger response and organ damage after HS. Thus, inhibition of the central complement component C3 as turnstile of both inflammation and coagulation is hypothesized as a rational strategy to improve the clinical course after HS.Applying intensive care conditions, anaesthetized, monitored, and protectively ventilated non-human primates (NHP; cynomolgus monkeys) received a pressure-controlled severe HS (60 min at MAP 30 mmHg) with subsequent volume resuscitation...
February 14, 2018: Shock
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