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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549326/electrochemical-decolorization-of-methyl-red-by-ruo2-iro2-tio2-electrode-and-biodegradation-with-pseudomonas-stutzeri-mn1-and-acinetobacter-baumannii-mn3-an-integrated-approach
#1
Kuppusamy Sathishkumar, Sivaji Sathiyaraj, Punniyakotti Parthipan, Agrawal Akhil, Kadarkarai Murugan, Aruliah Rajasekar
Textile effluent consists of enormous quantities of toxic dyes, which are being discharged into natural aqueous system and thus contaminate the water quality. Hence it is important to develop an eco-friendly and cost effective technology to treat the dyes contaminated wastewater. In this research, an integrated approach of electrochemical oxidation (EO) and biodegradation process (BP) was studied of methyl red (MR) dye. In EO, RuO2-IrO2-TiO2 is used as anode and titanium mesh electrode as cathode. This was followed by BP of the treated EO effluent...
May 15, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549301/ecotoxicological-effect-of-ketamine-evidence-of-acute-chronic-and-photolysis-toxicity-to-daphnia-magna
#2
Shih-Wei Li, Yu-Hsiang Wang, Angela Yu-Chen Lin
Ketamine has been increasingly used in medicine and has the potential for abuse or illicit use around the world. Ketamine cannot be removed by conventional wastewater treatment plants. Although ketamine and its metabolite norketamine have been detected to a significant degree in effluents and aquatic environments, their ecotoxicity effects in aquatic organisms remain undefined. In this study, we investigated the acute toxicity of ketamine and its metabolite, along with the chronic reproductive toxicity of ketamine (5-100μg/L) to Daphnia magna...
May 23, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547567/effects-of-electron-acceptors-on-sulphate-reduction-activity-in-activated-sludge-processes
#3
Francisco Rubio-Rincón, Carlos Lopez-Vazquez, Laurens Welles, Tessa van den Brand, Ben Abbas, Mark van Loosdrecht, Damir Brdjanovic
The concentration of sulphate present in wastewater can vary from 10 to 500 mg SO4(2-)/L. During anaerobic conditions, sulphate is reduced to sulphide by sulphate-reducing bacteria (SRB). Sulphide generation is undesired in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). Previous research indicated that SRB are inhibited by the presence of electron acceptors (such as O2, NO3 and NO2). However, the contact times and concentrations used in those studies are by far higher than occur in WWTPs. Since sulphide can influence the biological nitrogen and phosphorus removal processes, this research aimed to understand how the different electron acceptors commonly present in biological nutrient removal (BNR) systems can affect the proliferation of SRB...
May 25, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545964/inclusion-of-silver-nanoparticles-for-improving-regenerated-cellulose-membrane-performance-and-reduction-of-biofouling
#4
J Benavente, M E García, N Urbano, J M López-Romero, R C Contreras-Cáceres, M A Casado-Rodríguez, A Moscoso, J Hierrezuelo
The preparation of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) and their incorporation into the structure of a regenerated cellulose membrane by dip coating is presented. Morphological characterization of the AgNPs (average diameter of 20±2nm) was carried out by SEM/TEM, while elastic, electrical and antimicrobial properties of the hybrid membrane were also analyzed. The presence of silver nanoparticles in the membrane seems to increases its rigidity and its chemical stability against oxidation, but it only induces small changes in the transport parameters...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544990/degradation-of-mecoprop-in-polluted-landfill-leachate-and-waste-water-in-a-moving-bed-biofilm-reactor
#5
Mònica Escolà Casas, Tue Kjærgaard Nielsen, Witold Kot, Lars Hestbjerg Hansen, Anders Johansen, Kai Bester
Mecoprop is a common pollutant in effluent-, storm- and groundwater as well as in leachates from derelict dumpsites. Thus, bioremediation approaches may be considered. We conducted batch experiments with moving bed biofilm (MBBR)-carriers to understand the degradation of mecoprop. As a model, the carriers were incubated in effluent from a conventional wastewater treatment plant which was spiked to 10, 50 and 100 μg L(-1) mecoprop. Co-metabolic processes as well as mineralization were studied. Initial mecoprop concentration and mecoprop degradation impacted the microbial communities...
May 17, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544987/a-high-efficiency-denitrification-bioreactor-for-the-treatment-of-acrylonitrile-wastewater-using-waterborne-polyurethane-immobilized-activated-sludge
#6
Honghong Dong, Wei Wang, Zhaozheng Song, Hao Dong, Jianfeng Wang, Shanshan Sun, Zhongzhi Zhang, Ming Ke, Zhenjia Zhang, Wei-Min Wu, Guangqing Zhang, Jie Ma
The performance of a laboratory-scale, high-efficiency denitrification bioreactor (15L) using activated sludge immobilized by waterborne polyurethane in treating acrylonitrile wastewater with high concentration of nitrate nitrogen (249mg/L) was investigated. The bioreactor was operated at 30°C for 220days. Batch denitrification experiments showed that the optimal operation parameters were C/NO3(-)-N molar ratio of 2.0 using sodium acetate as electron donor and carrier filling rate of 20% (V/V) in the bioreactor...
May 5, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544928/achieving-advanced-nitrogen-removal-for-small-flow-wastewater-using-a-baffled-bioreactor-bbr-with-intermittent-aeration
#7
Guoqiang Liu, Jianmin Wang
Nitrogen discharge from decentralized and onsite wastewater treatment systems, such as recirculating sand filters, stabilization ponds, and septic tanks, is an important source of groundwater and surface water contamination. This study demonstrated a simple baffled bioreactor (BBR) technology, operated with an intermittent aeration mode, that effectively removed nearly all nitrogen for small flow wastewater treatment. The BBR is characterized by an aeration zone, followed by an integrated internal settler, which automatically retains a high biomass concentration of approximately 6 g/L without using a separate sludge return device...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541949/application-of-batch-tests-to-assess-antibiotic-loads-in-anaerobic-processes
#8
Diana C Rodríguez, Yudy A Londoño, Gustavo A Peñuela
The presence of antibiotics in drinking water and wastewater has not been widely studied because the sanitary engineering sector mainly focuses on the removal of organic matter and nutrients. There is a lack of environmental regulations for pollutants like antibiotics. Batch tests analyse biodegradability to measure the anaerobic degradation potential of the substrate, or they can be used as toxicity tests. Oxytetracycline, florfenicol (FLO), ceftiofur (CEF) and penicillin G (PEN), commonly used in Colombia for the treatment of livestock diseases, were added in different concentrations to anaerobic sludge contained in serological glass bottles...
May 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541943/application-of-powdered-activated-carbon-pac-for-membrane-fouling-control-in-a-pilot-scale-mbr-system
#9
A I Zouboulis, P K Gkotsis, D X Zamboulis, M G Mitrakas
Membrane fouling is considered to be the most serious drawback in wastewater treatment when using membrane bioreactors (MBRs), leading to membrane permeability decrease and efficiency deterioration. This work aims to develop an integrated methodology for membrane fouling control, using powdered activated carbon (PAC), which will enhance the adsorption of soluble microbial products (SMP) and improve membrane filterability, by altering the mixed liquor's characteristics. Reversible fouling was assessed in terms of sludge filterability measurements, according to the standard time-to-filter (TTF) method, while irreversible fouling was assessed in terms of SMP removal...
May 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541938/survey-on-number-and-size-distribution-of-treatment-wetlands-in-austria
#10
Guenter Langergraber, Norbert Weissenbacher
In Austria, 1,840 wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) with design size >50 population equivalent (PE) serve about 95% of the population. The remaining 5% of the population live in single houses and small settlements that require on site and decentralized wastewater treatment technologies. There is no common database on small WWTPs with design size <50 PE; thus data had to be collected from the Austrian federal states and compiled in a database. The total number of small WWTPs in Austria is about 28,700 comprising 1,300 WWTPs with design size 51-500 PE and 27,400 with design size <50 PE, respectively...
May 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541934/evaluation-of-ageratum-conyzoides-in-field-scale-constructed-wetlands-cws-for-domestic-wastewater-treatment
#11
A S Tilak, Suhas P Wani, A Datta, M D Patil, M Kaushal, K R Reddy
Ageratum conyzoides were evaluated in field scale subsurface flow constructed wetlands (CWs) to quantify its nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) uptake and compare with wetland plants (Pistia stratiotes, Typha latifolia and Canna indica). The two-field scale subsurface flow CWs, located in the International Crops Research Institute for Semi-Arid Tropics, received wastewater from an urban colony. The CW1 and CW2 had the same dimensions (length:10 m, width:3 m, total depth:1.5 m and sand and gravel:1 m), similar flow rates (3 m(3)/d), hydraulic loading rates (HLRs-10 cm/d) and hydraulic retention time (HRT-5 days) from July 2014-August 2015...
May 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540550/simultaneous-enhancement-of-sludge-dewaterability-and-removal-of-sludge-borne-heavy-metals-through-a-novel-oxidative-leaching-induced-by-nano-cao2
#12
Boran Wu, Xiaohu Dai, Xiaoli Chai
The production of sewage sludge with the presence of various contaminants has been a serious issue for the operation of wastewater treatment plants on both the economical and environmental sides. To minimize the sludge volume to be handled and limit the potential environmental risk, this study developed a novel oxidative leaching process for enhanced sewage sludge dewatering and simultaneous removal of heavy metals based on nano-CaO2. Response surface methodology determined the following optimal conditioning parameters in terms of capillary suction time reduction: 0...
May 24, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540423/direct-treatment-of-high-strength-soft-drink-wastewater-using-a-down-flow-hanging-sponge-reactor-performance-and-microbial-community-dynamics
#13
Junhui Liao, Curtis Fang, Jimmy Yu, Arun Sathyagal, Eric Willman, Wen-Tso Liu
A stand-alone down-flow hanging sponge (DHS) system with a two-stage configuration was operated for 700 days to treat synthetic soft drink wastewater at 3000 mg/L chemical oxygen demand (COD). Throughout the operation, >90% COD and total organic carbon (TOC) removal efficiency was obtained by the first stage, and a final effluent of COD <60 mg/L (TOC <20 mg/L) was consistently maintained with the second stage. Lower organic removal efficiency was observed to closely correlate with lower pH, higher volatile fatty acid (VFA) concentration, and higher suspended solid (SS) in the effluent...
May 24, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539105/removal-of-sulfamethoxazole-and-diclofenac-from-water-strategies-involving-o3-and-h2o2
#14
Daniela S Gomes, Licínio M Gando-Ferreira, Rosa M Quinta-Ferreira, Rui C Martins
Diclofenac (DCF) and Sulfamethoxazole (SMX) are two of the most frequently detected pharmaceutical compounds in water and are hardly removed by biological treatment systems. The presence of H2O2 was investigated in the ozonation of these two compounds. Experiments were carried out with both using distillated water and secondary effluent from a municipal wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) spiked with pharmaceuticals. Chemical oxygen demand (COD) abatement rate improved when H2O2 was added at the beginning of the ozonation process and when the ozone inlet concentration increased, attaining a maximum value of 91% and simultaneously a lower ozone waste for a H2O2 initial concentration of 5 mM and an ozone inlet concentration of 20 g Nm(-3)...
May 25, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538093/toxic-byproduct-formation-during-electrochemical-treatment-of-latrine-wastewater
#15
Justin T Jasper, Yang Yang, Michael R Hoffmann
Electrochemical systems are an attractive option for onsite latrine wastewater treatment due to their high efficiency and small footprint. While concerns remain over formation of toxic byproducts during treatment, rigorous studies examining byproduct formation are lacking. Experiments treating authentic latrine wastewater over variable treatment times, current densities, chloride concentrations, and anode materials were conducted to characterize byproducts and identify conditions that minimize their formation...
May 24, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537128/wastewater-management-in-small-towns-understanding-the-failure-of-small-treatment-plants-in-bolivia
#16
Claudia Cossio, Jennifer McConville, Sebastien Rauch, Britt-Marie Wilén, Sahar Dalahmeh, Alvaro Mercado, Ana M Romero
Wastewater management in developing countries is a challenge, especially in small towns with rapid population growth. This study aims at assessing the performance and management of five treatment plants in rural areas of Cochabamba, Bolivia. Pollutants concentrations, wastewater flows, hydraulic and organic loads, and hydraulic retention times were determined in three small treatment plants (2000-10000 p.e.; flow >5L/s) and two very small treatment plants (<2000 p.e.; flow <5L/s). The performance assessment was based on operational parameters, treatment efficiency and effluent quality...
May 24, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537020/comparison-of-experimental-ponds-for-the-treatment-of-dye-wastewater-under-controlled-and-semi-natural-conditions
#17
Dina A Yaseen, Miklas Scholz
This study compares the performance of simulated shallow ponds vegetated with Lemna minor L. under controlled and semi-natural conditions for the treatment of simulated wastewater containing textile dyes. The objectives were to assess the water quality outflow parameters, the potential of L. minor concerning the removal of chemical oxygen demand (COD) and four azo dyes (Acid blue 113, reactive blue 198, Direct Orange 46 and Basic Red 46) and the plants' growth rate. Findings show that all mean outflow values of COD, total dissolved solids (TDS) and electrical conductivity (EC) were significantly (p < 0...
May 23, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535595/enhancement-of-carbon-and-nitrogen-removal-by-helophytes-along-subsurface-water-flowpaths-receiving-treated-wastewater
#18
Miquel Ribot, Susana Bernal, Myrto Nikolakopoulou, Timothy N Vaessen, Joaquín Cochero, Esperança Gacia, Albert Sorolla, Alba Argerich, Francesc Sabater, Manel Isnard, Eugènia Martí
Wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) effluents are sources of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and inorganic nitrogen (DIN) to receiving streams, which can eventually become saturated by excess of DIN. Aquatic plants (i.e., helophytes) can modify subsurface water flowpaths as well as assimilate nutrients and enhance microbial activity in the rhizosphere, yet their ability to increase DIN transformation and removal in WWTP-influenced streams is poorly understood. We examined the influence of helophytes on DIN removal along subsurface water flowpaths and how this was associated with DOC removal and labile C availability...
May 19, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535481/graphene-oxide-enzyme-hybrid-nanoflowers-for-efficient-water-soluble-dye-removal
#19
Hui Li, Jingwei Hou, Linlin Duan, Chao Ji, Yatao Zhang, Vicki Chen
High efficient enzyme immobilization on carbon based conductive supports could provide wide applications in energy and environmental science. Here, we synthesized a 3D flower-like structured self-assembly hybrid nanocomposite with copper phosphate, laccase, graphite oxide (GO) and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) via a facile one-pot strategy under mild conditions. The prepared nanocomposite exhibited very high enzyme loading and improved laccase activity. During the formation of the nanocomposite, the copper phosphate-laccase petals were interwined by CNTs, and GO nanosheets were further coated on the petal surface...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535480/ozonation-of-the-oxybenzone-octinoxate-and-octocrylene-uv-filters-reaction-kinetics-absorbance-characteristics-and-transformation-products
#20
Zachary R Hopkins, Sebastian Snowberger, Lee Blaney
UV-filters (UVFs) are active ingredients in personal care products that protect skin from exposure to UV light. Environmentally-relevant concentrations of UVFs have recently been linked to toxicity in aquatic organisms, necessitating research into improved UVF removal in water/wastewater treatment. Here, we investigated ozonation of the three most commonly employed UVFs: octinoxate (OMC), octocrylene (OC), and oxybenzone (OXY). Specific second-order rate constants for UVF reaction with ozone were identified as follows: OMC, 5...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
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