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wastewater treatment

Ayrton F Martins, Daiane S da Silva, Alma C C Mejía, José E B Bravo
The main objective of this study was to determine the occurrence of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in surface water samples collected from different points along the stream that flows through the Campus of the Federal University of Santa Maria, RS-Brazil. Before reaching the campus, the water in the stream is already contaminated by wastewater discharged from the surrounding, and once inside the Campus, additional wastewater from a Gas Station situated close to the University hospital. A bench scale photodegradation experiment was conducted of the occurring traces of anthracene, phenanthrene and naphthalene, with the aid of a stirred tank reactor and polymer-supported TiO2 as a catalyst...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
Andrew B Holmes, Frank X Gu
The study of the environmental fate of nanoscale TiO2 (n-TiO2) is a major recent research focus which requires a rapid and accurate on-site concentration determination method. Inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy (ICP-MS) has been the most widely used method for determining the concentration of n-TiO2 in environmental samples; however, poses many challenges, such as hazardous hydrofluoric acid pre-treatment and clear limitations in mobile on-site measurement and monitoring. This study demonstrates that industrial wastewater containing natural organic matter (NOM) can present a major challenge to the analysis of n-TiO2 by ICP-MS, and introduces a spectrophotometry technique that can be used as an alternative...
January 18, 2018: Environmental Technology
Ángel L Santiago-Díaz, Julisa García-Albortante, Mónica L Salazar-Peláez
The aim of this work was to evaluate the performance of a UASB-septic tank as a decentralized treatment of high strength municipal wastewater, under two different HRTs (48 and 72h). Thus, a lab scale (44.85L) UASB-septic tank constituted by three compartments was operated under HRT 72h and 48h. Removal efficiencies of total COD, BOD5 and suspended solids ranged from 60% to 80% for the first two parameters and from 70% to 90% for the last one. According to the statistical analysis, it was established that decreasing HRT from 72h to 48h did not affect the performance of the UASB-septic tank; therefore, the latter HRT is recommended to be used for operation...
January 18, 2018: Environmental Technology
Zhetai Hu, Peide Sun, Jingyi Han, Ruyi Wang, Liang Jiao, Pengfei Yang, Jing Cai
Since extensive application, an increasing amount of antibiotics has been released into wastewater treatment plants. In this study, the enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) system was fed with synthetic wastewater containing erythromycin (ERY) and oxytetracycline (OTC) for 7 days to evaluate the variations of solution ortho-P (SOP), volatile fatty acid (VFA), poly-bhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs), specific oxygen uptake rater (SOUR), and microbial community in the EBPR system. The obtained results showed that the P-removal efficiency decreased to 0...
January 18, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Rupa Salian, Suhas Wani, Ramamohan Reddy, Mukund Patil
Brewing industry releases large quantities of wastewater after product generation. Brewery wastewater contains organic compounds which are biodegradable in nature. These biodegradable wastes can be recycled and reused and hence considered as suitable products for agriculture. But before using wastewater for agriculture, it is better to evaluate the phytotoxic effects of wastewater on crops. Hence, the main objective of this study is to evaluate the effects of brewery effluent on seed germination and growth parameters of selected crop species like chickpea (Cicer arietinum), maize (Zea mays), and pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan)...
January 17, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
D S Manu, Arun Kumar Thalla
The current trend in sustainable development deals mainly with environmental management. There is a need for economically affordable, advanced treatment methods for the proper treatment and management of domestic wastewater containing excess nutrients (such as nitrogen and phosphorus) which can cause eutrophication. The reduction of the excess nutrient content of wastewater by appropriate technology is of much concern to the environmentalist. In the current study, a novel integrated anaerobic-anoxic-oxic activated sludge biofilm (A2O-AS-biofilm) reactor was designed and operated to improve the biological nutrient removal by varying reactor operating conditions such as carbon to nitrogen (C/N) ratio, suspended biomass, hydraulic retention time (HRT) and dissolved oxygen (DO)...
January 2018: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Lihua Sun, Ning He, Xi Duan, Bingbing Yang, Cuimin Feng, Yajun Zhang
The combined processes of powdered activated carbon/biological powdered activated carbon- ultrafiltration (PAC/BPAC-UF) were used to treat secondary effluent. In this study, the effect of PAC and BPAC on membrane flux, membrane resistance and the removal of different molecular weight organic compounds were investigated. In addition, the structure characteristics of the microorganisms of the BPAC were analyzed. The results showed that the optimum dosage of PAC and BPAC was 10 mg/L and 40 mg/L respectively. The reversible membrane fouling resistance of BPAC-UF was higher than that of PAC-UF, and the two processes had the least irreversible resistance at the best dosage...
January 2018: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Zhi-Long Ye, Yujun Deng, Xin Ye, Yaoyin Lou, Shaohua Chen
Fluidized granulation is one of the common methods used in wastewater treatment and resource recovery with harvesting millimeter-scale large particles. Presently, effective methods are lacking to measure the fluidized granules ranging from micro- to millimeter scales, with the consequence of ineffectively controlling and optimizing the granulation process. In this work, recovering struvite (MgNH4PO4·6H2O) from swine wastewater by using a fluidized bed was taken as an example. Image processing was applied to analyze the properties of different types of struvite granules, including morphology, particle size distribution, number density and mass concentration...
January 2018: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Daniele Molognoni, Stefania Chiarolla, Daniele Cecconet, Arianna Callegari, Andrea G Capodaglio
Development of renewable energy sources, efficient industrial processes, energy/chemicals recovery from wastes are research issues that are quite contemporary. Bioelectrochemical processes represent an eco-innovative technology for energy and resources recovery from both domestic and industrial wastewaters. The current study was conducted to: (i) assess bioelectrochemical treatability of industrial (dairy) wastewater by microbial fuel cells (MFCs); (ii) determine the effects of the applied organic loading rate (OLR) on MFC performance; (iii) identify factors responsible for reactor energy recovery losses (i...
January 2018: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Shaoxiong Si, Zhong Yan, Zhaobo Gong, Pengfei Liu, Yumin Zhang, Yu Xiang
In order to meet the latest Environmental Protection Law of China on wastewater discharge standards, this paper studied a pilot-scale micro-flocculation filtration pretreatment process for the treatment of oilfield wastewater. The experiment showed that the removal rate of oil and suspended solids (SS) respectively increased from 91.52% to 95.38% and from 66.42% to 97.19%. After the treatment by the micro-flocculation filtration device, the relevant characteristics of the discharge wastewater satisfied the latest standards continuously...
January 2018: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
M Kania, M Gautier, P Michel, R Gourdon
French vertical flow constructed wetlands (French VFCWs) are widely used for the treatment of wastewaters from small communities. In the system, unsettled wastewater is percolated through two successive stages of filter-cells planted with reeds. This causes the formation of a surface sludge layer. This layer plays positive roles in the treatment performance, but also leads to clogging. The objective of this study was to contribute to the description of the sludge deposits characteristics and their dynamics of evolution, which may control the development of clogging...
January 2018: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Yanjun Mao, Xie Quan, Huimin Zhao, Yaobin Zhang, Shuo Chen, Tao Liu
The activated sludge (AS) process is widely applied in dyestuff wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs); however, the nitrogen removal efficiency is relatively low and the effluent does not meet the indirect discharge standards before being discharged into the industrial park's WWTP. Hence it is necessary to upgrade the WWTP with more advanced technologies. Moving bed biofilm processes with suspended carriers in an aerobic tank are promising methods due to enhanced nitrification and denitrification. Herein, a pilot-scale integrated free-floating biofilm and activated sludge (IFFAS) process was employed to investigate the feasibility of enhancing nitrogen removal efficiency at different hydraulic retention times (HRTs)...
January 2018: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
A Sivic, N Atanasova, S Puig, T Griessler Bulc
Large concentrations and oscillations of ammonium nitrogen (NH4+-N) in municipal landfill leachate pose considerable constraints to its further treatment in central wastewater treatment plants. The aim of this study was to evaluate and optimize two technologies for the pre-treatment of 600 L/day of landfill leachate: in particular, to optimize their operational conditions for NH4+-N removal up to a level appropriate for discharge to sewers, i.e. <200 mg/L. Both technologies were based on a sequencing batch reactor (SBR), with two different biomass processes: (A) SBR with dispersed/flocculated biomass and (B) SBR with biomass attached to carriers...
January 2018: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Kuangxin Zhou, Johan Stüber, Rabea-Luisa Schubert, Christian Kabbe, Matthias Barjenbruch
Agricultural reuse of dewatered sludge is a valid route for sludge valorization for small and mid-size wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) due to the direct utilization of nutrients. A more stringent of German fertilizer ordinance requires the degradation of 20% of the synthetic additives like polymeric substance within two years, which came into force on 1 January 2017. This study assessed the use of starch-based polymers for full-scale dewatering of municipal sewage sludge. The laboratory-scale and pilot-scale trials paved the way for full-scale trials at three WWTPs in Germany...
January 2018: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
B Díaz-Garduño, J A Perales, C Garrido-Pérez, M L Martín-Díaz
A mobile pilot plant was set up in a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) in southwest Spain to address potential adverse effects of effluents as a whole contaminant, which are discharging into marine environments. Ruditapes philippinarum specimens were exposed to different effluent concentrations (50%, 25%, 12.5%, 6.25%, and 3.15%) during seven days. After effluent exposure, lysosomal membrane stability alterations (LMS), changes in the energy status storage (total lipids content (TLP) and in the mitochondrial electron transport (MET), inhibition of inflammatory mechanisms (cyclooxygenase activity (COX)), and neurotoxic effects (acetylcholinesterase (AChE) were determined in exposed organisms...
January 12, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Dongning Wei, Bingyu Li, Hongli Huang, Lin Luo, Jiachao Zhang, Yuan Yang, Jiajun Guo, Lin Tang, Guangming Zeng, Yaoyu Zhou
Nowadays, agricultural contamination is becoming more and more serious due to the rapid growth of agricultural industry, which discharged antibiotics, pesticides or toxic metals into farmlands. A large number of researchers have applied biochar-based functional materials to the treatment of agricultural wastewater contamination. Meanwhile, biochar has also proved to be a very promising and effective technology in water purification field due to its various beneficial properties (e.g., cost effective, high specific surface area, and surface reactive groups)...
January 2, 2018: Chemosphere
Rebecca B Phillips, Ryan R James, Matthew L Magnuson
Intentional and unintentional contamination incidents, such as terrorist attacks, natural disasters, and accidental spills, can result in large volumes of contaminated water. These waters may require pre-treatment before disposal and assurances that treated waters will not adversely impact biological processes at wastewater treatment facilities, or receiving waters. Based on recommendations of an industrial workgroup, this study addresses such concerns by studying electrochemical advanced oxidation process (EAOP) pre-treatment for contaminated waters, using a boron-doped diamond (BDD) anode, prior to discharge to wastewater treatment facilities...
January 6, 2018: Chemosphere
Dewu Ding, Xiao Sun
Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 can transfer electrons from the intracellular environment to the extracellular space of the cells to reduce the extracellular insoluble electron acceptors (Extracellular Electron Transfer, EET). Benefiting from this EET capability, Shewanella has been widely used in different areas, such as energy production, wastewater treatment, and bioremediation. Genome-wide proteomics data was used to determine the active proteins involved in activating the EET process. We identified 1012 proteins with decreased expression and 811 proteins with increased expression when the EET process changed from inactivation to activation...
January 16, 2018: Genes
Ana Causanilles, Vera Nordmann, Dennis Vughs, Erik Emke, Olivier de Hon, Félix Hernández, Pim de Voogt
The present study investigates the applicability of the chemical analysis of wastewater to assess the use of doping substances by the general population and amateur athletes. To this end, an analytical methodology that can identify and quantify a list of 15 substances from the groups of anabolic steroids, weight loss products, and masking agents in wastewater has been developed. The method uses solid phase extraction to increase the detection sensitivity of the target analytes, expected to be present at very low concentrations (ng L-1 range), and decrease possible matrix interferences...
January 15, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Hongyu Dong, Guangfeng Wei, Wenjuan Fan, Shangchen Ma, Hongying Zhao, Weixian Zhang, Xiaohong Guan, Timothy J Strathmann
Experimental work was undertaken in this study to re-investigate the mechanisms and active species responsible for oxidation of co-contaminants in the Cr(VI)/HSO3- reaction system. Batch experiments showed that the degradation rates of 4-chlorophenol (4-CP) correlated well with the rates of Cr(VI) reduction by sulfite in the same solutions, and that O2(aq) was necessary for the oxidation of 4-CP. Multiple lines of evidences indicate that Cr(VI)/HSO3- reaction is a SO4--based oxidation process. SO3- was generated in Cr(VI)/HSO3- system based on the electron spin resonance spectra, which could be transformed to secondary radicals (SO4-, SO5-, and HO)...
December 30, 2017: Chemosphere
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