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Single ce

Jian Wang, Joshua T Greenfield, Kirill Kovnir
Four new quaternary pnictides, R2Mg3SiPn6 (R = La, Ce; Pn = P, As), were synthesized via high-temperature solid-state reactions and gas-phase transport reactions with iodine. Their crystal structures were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. All four compounds are isostructural and crystallize in a new structure type in the orthorhombic space group Pnma (No. 62, Z = 4), Pearson symbol oP48. The crystal structures of R2Mg3SiPn6 are composed of two-dimensional puckered MgP3 layers, which are connected in a three-dimensional framework by P-P dimers and MgSiP4 double-tetrahedral chains...
June 24, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Nain Woo, Su-Kang Kim, Seong Ho Kang
Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) secretion plays a critical role in regulating thyroid gland function and circulating thyroid hormones (i.e., thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3)). A novel multi-immunoreaction-based dual-color capillary electrophoresis (CE) technique was investigated in this study to assess its reliability in diagnosing thyroid gland disease via simultaneous detection of TSH, T3, and T4 in a single run of CE. Compared to the conventional immunoreaction technique, multi-immunoreaction of biotinylated streptavidin antibodies increased the selectivity and sensitivity for individual hormones in human blood samples...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
Xuan Yang, Yingxiang Du, Zijie Feng, Zongran Liu, Jingtang Li
Discovering more superior performance of ionic liquids for the separation science has triggered increasing interest. In this work, two new Hydroxy acid-based chiral ionic liquids (CILs) (tertramethylammonium-d-pantothenate (TMA-d-PAN), tertramethylammonium-d-quinate (TMA-d-QUI)) were designed and first used as additives to establish the maltodextrin-based synergistic systems for enantioseparation in capillary electrophoresis (CE). Compared to traditional single maltodextrin chiral separation system, significantly improved separations of all tested drugs in the CIL/Maltodextrin synergistic systems were obtained...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
Asli Inal, Osman Bulut Ocak, Ebru Demet Aygit, Ihsan Yilmaz, Berkay Inal, Muhittin Taskapili, Birsen Gokyigit
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare three different methods to measure visual acuity (VA) in healthy and amblyopic preschool children: a Snellen E chart (SE), a single Lea symbols (SLS), and a crowded Lea symbols (CLS). METHODS: Seventy-eight eyes of 54 patients (28 females, 26 males) were included in this cross-sectional, comparative study. The control group consisted of 30 healthy cases, and the amblyopic group consisted of 24 patients with amblyopia...
June 20, 2017: International Ophthalmology
Troy J Comi, Monika A Makurath, Marina C Philip, Stanislav S Rubakhin, Jonathan V Sweedler
The ability to characterize chemical heterogeneity in biological structures is essential to understanding cellular level function in both healthy and diseased states, but these variations remain difficult to assess using a single analytical technique. While mass spectrometry (MS) provides sufficient sensitivity to measure many analytes from volume-limited samples, each type of mass spectrometric analysis uncovers only a portion of the complete chemical profile of a single cell. Matrix-assisted laser desorp-tion/ionization (MALDI) MS and capillary electrophoresis electrospray ionization (CE-ESI)-MS are complementary analytical platforms frequently utilized for single cell analysis...
June 21, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
Ti Wen, Zhenning Wang, Yi Li, Zhi Li, Xiaofang Che, Yibo Fan, Shuo Wang, Jinglei Qu, Xianghong Yang, Kezuo Hou, Wenyang Zhou, Ling Xu, Ce Li, Jin Wang, Jing Liu, Liqun Chen, Jingdong Zhang, Xiujuan Qu, Yunpeng Liu
The American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging system is insufficiently prognostic for operable gastric cancer (GC) patients, therefore complementary factors are under intense investigation. Although the focus is on immune markers, the prognostic impact of a single immune factor is minimal, due to complex antitumor immune responses. A more comprehensive evaluation may engender more accurate predictions. We analyzed immune factors by immunohistochemical staining in two independent cohorts. The association with patients' survival was analyzed by the Kaplan-Meier method...
June 15, 2017: Cancer Immunology Research
Huiming Guo, Cong Lu, Huanlei Huang, Bin Xie, Jian Liu, Shaoyi Zheng, Ruixin Fan, Jimei Chen, Jian Zhuang
OBJECTIVES: To report the safety and efficacy results of a 9- to 15-year follow-up investigation among patients who had received Carpentier-Edwards Perimount (CE-P) bovine pericardial bioprostheses (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, CA, USA) for valve replacement. METHODS: This retrospective study investigated freedom from structural valve deterioration (SVD) as well as survival and reoperation among different age and etiology groups in patients who were implanted with a CE-P bioprosthesis at Guangdong General Hospital between 2001 and 2007...
June 16, 2017: Cardiology
Luiz F Farias Junior, Rodrigo A V Browne, Danniel T Frazão, Teresa C B Dantas, Paulo H M Silva, Rodrigo P A Freitas, Marcelo S Aoki, Eduardo C Costa
The aim of this study was to compare the effect of a single session of a low-volume high-intensity interval exercise (HIIE) and a continuous exercise (CE) on the magnitude of delayed onset-muscle soreness (DOMS) in untrained healthy males. Fifteen participants (25.1±4.4 years) completed 2 experimental sessions in a randomized order: (a) low-volume HIIE: 10 x 60 s at 90% of maximal velocity (MV) interspersed with 60s of active recovery at 30% of MV; and (b) CE: 20 min at 60% of MV. Pressure-pain threshold (PPT), pressure-pain tolerance (PPTol) and perceived pain intensity (PPI) were assessed in the rectus femoris, biceps femoris and gastrocnemius before and 24 hours post-exercise...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Hiba Diab, Christophe Arnold, Ferdinand Lédée, Gaëlle Trippé-Allard, Géraud Delport, Christèle Vilar, Fabien Bretenaker, Julien Barjon, Jean-Sébastien Lauret, Emmanuelle Deleporte, Damien Garrot
Understanding the surface properties of organic-inorganic lead-based perovskites is of high importance to improve the device's performance. Here, we have investigated the differences between surface and bulk optical properties of CH3NH3PbBr3 single crystals. Depth-resolved cathodoluminescence was used to probe the near-surface region on a depth of a few microns. In addition, we have studied the transmitted luminescence through thicknesses between 50 and 600 μm. In both experiments, the expected spectral shift due to the reabsorption effect has been precisely calculated...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Ying Cheng, Weiyu Song, Jian Liu, Huiling Zheng, Zhen Zhao, Chunming Xu, Yuechang Wei, Emiel J M Hensen
Particulate matter and NO x emissions from diesel exhaust remains one of the most pressing environmental problems. We explore the use of hierarchically ordered mixed Fe-Ce-Zr oxides for the simultaneous capture and oxidation of soot and reduction of NO x by ammonia in a single step. The optimized material can effectively trap the model soot particles in its open macroporous structure and oxidize the soot below 400 °C while completely removing NO in the 285-420 °C range. Surface characterization and DFT calculations emphasize the defective nature of Fe-doped ceria...
June 2, 2017: ACS Catalysis
Darya Mozhayeva, Ingo Strenge, Carsten Engelhard
Capillary electrophoresis (CE) coupled to single particle inductively coupled plasma mass-spectrometry (SP-ICP-MS) was used for the first time with a prototype data acquisition (μsDAQ) system that features 5 μs time resolution (100% duty cycle) to separate and quantify mixtures of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs). Additionally, an online preconcentration technique, reversed electrode polarity stacking mode (REPSM), was applied for Ag NPs analysis with CE-SP-ICP-MS for the first time. After optimization, best results were achieved using a injection time of 110 s and a constant pressure of 50 mbar in hydrodynamic injection mode...
June 23, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
Ahmed Mohamed Ashshi
BACKGROUND: Transmission of dengue virus (DENV) through blood transfusion has been documented and hence screening for DENV during blood donation has been recently recommended by the American Association of Blood Banks and Centres of Disease Control and Prevention. DENV is endemic in the Western province of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) and serotypes 1, 2 and 3, but not 4, have been detected. However, little is known regarding the rates of DENV during blood donation in the kingdom...
June 9, 2017: Virology Journal
Jing Xie, Shanshan Shen, Ruhua Chen, Jun Xu, Kun Dong, Jiancui Huang, Qin Lu, Wenjiao Zhu, Tieliang Ma, Lei Jia, Hongxin Cai, Taofeng Zhu
In the present study, two isostructural lanthanide (Ln)(III) complexes, namely Ln(HL)2(NO3)(CH3OH)2)·CH3OH, where Ln = La in complex 1 and Ce in complex 2, and hydrogen ligand (HL) = (E)-N'-[1-(2-pyridinyl)ethylidene]isonicotinohydrazone, have been isolated and characterized by elemental analysis, infrared spectra and single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The results revealed that the acylhydrazone ligand HL in each complex was deprotonated as an anionic ligand and coordinated to the central La(III) ion via enolization of oxygen and nitrogen atoms...
June 2017: Oncology Letters
Qingfu Zhu, Qiyang Zhang, Ning Zhang, Maojun Gong
Capillary electrophoresis (CE) is a powerful separation technique with advantages over HPLC in terms of separation efficiency, speed, and cost. However, CE suffers in poor reproducibility in quantitative chemical analysis, which is one of major drawbacks preventing its widespread use in routine analytical laboratories. Here we report a novel strategy to enhance the quantitative capability of flow-gated CE. The platform integrated dual flow branches to respectively supply a sample and its standard additions that were then alternately injected into a single capillary for rapid separations (typically 20-90 s)...
July 25, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
Qing Han, Jian-Cai Liu, Yue Wen, Li-Juan Chen, Jun-Wei Zhao, Guo-Yu Yang
A family of unprecedented tellurotungstate-based organotin-rare-earth (RE) heterometallic hybrids [H2N(CH3)2]6H12Na2 {[Sn(CH3)W2O4(IN)][(B-α-TeW8O31)RE(H2O) (Ac)]2}2·25H2O [RE = Ce(III) (1), Pr(III) (2), Nd(III) (3), Sm(III) (4), Eu(III) (5), Gd(III) (6), Tb(III) (7); HIN = isonicotinic acid, HAc = acetic acid] were synthesized and characterized by elemental analyses, IR spectra, UV spectra, thermogravimetric analyses, powder X-ray diffraction, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The polyoxoanionic skeletons {[Sn(CH3)W2O4(IN)][(B-α-TeW8O31)RE(H2O) (Ac)]2}2(20-) of 1-7 are constructed from two symmetrical units {[Sn(CH3)W2O4(IN)][(B-α-TeW8O31)RE(H2O) (Ac)]2}(10-) linked by two acetate connectors, which not only represent the first inorganic-organic hybrid RE-substituted tellurotungstates involving three different organic ligands, but also stand for the first samples of organotin-RE heterometallic polyoxometalate derivatives...
June 5, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Hwang-Shang Kou, Chun-Chi Wang
The novel techniques of molecular inversion probes (MIPs) combined with discontinuous rolling cycle amplification (DRCA) was developed for determination of the multi-nucleotide variants at single base. The different-length MIPs, a padlock-probe based technology, are designed to simultaneously recognize the identical nucleotide variants. After ligation and DRCA, the different-length genetic products representing the certain genotypes could be simply determined by the short-end capillary electrophoresis (CE) method...
July 18, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
J L Gómez-Amo, V Estellés, C Marcos, S Segura, A R Esteve, R Pedrós, M P Utrillas, J A Martínez-Lozano
The most destructive wildfire experienced in Spain since 2004 occurred close to Valencia in summer 2012. A total of 48.500ha were affected by two wildfires, which were mostly active during 29-30 June. The fresh smoke plume was detected at the Burjassot measurement station simultaneously to a severe dust episode. We propose an empirical method to evaluate the dust and smoke mixing and its impact on the microphysical and optical properties. For this, we combine direct-sun measurements with a Cimel CE-318 sun-photometer with an inversion methodology, and the Mie theory to derive the column-integrated size distribution, single scattering albedo (SSA) and asymmetry parameter (g)...
December 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Nianpeng Lu, Pengfei Zhang, Qinghua Zhang, Ruimin Qiao, Qing He, Hao-Bo Li, Yujia Wang, Jingwen Guo, Ding Zhang, Zheng Duan, Zhuolu Li, Meng Wang, Shuzhen Yang, Mingzhe Yan, Elke Arenholz, Shuyun Zhou, Wanli Yang, Lin Gu, Ce-Wen Nan, Jian Wu, Yoshinori Tokura, Pu Yu
Materials can be transformed from one crystalline phase to another by using an electric field to control ion transfer, in a process that can be harnessed in applications such as batteries, smart windows and fuel cells. Increasing the number of transferrable ion species and of accessible crystalline phases could in principle greatly enrich material functionality. However, studies have so far focused mainly on the evolution and control of single ionic species (for example, oxygen, hydrogen or lithium ions). Here we describe the reversible and non-volatile electric-field control of dual-ion (oxygen and hydrogen) phase transformations, with associated electrochromic and magnetoelectric effects...
June 1, 2017: Nature
Shangyi Li, Yiming Tang, Weirui Chen, Zhe Hu, Xukai Li, Laisheng Li
Three-dimensional mesoporous MCM-48 and Ce loaded MCM-48 (Ce/MCM-48) were synthesized by hydrothermal and impregnating methods, respectively. They were characterized by XRD, SEM, TEM, EDS, XPS, N2 adsorption-desorption techniques, and the results showed that Ce/MCM-48 still retained a highly ordered cubic structure. A series of experiments were conducted to study the catalytic activity of Ce/MCM-48 and Ce/MCM-41 for ozonation of clofibric acid in aqueous solution. Total Organic Carbon (TOC) removal efficiency in Ce/MCM-48/O3 can be improved to 64% at 120min reaction time, 54% by Ce/MCM-41/O3, only 24% by MCM-48/O3, 23% by single ozonation...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Tianyi Zhu, Wei Huang, Lingfan Zhang, Jie Gao, Wenqing Zhang
In this work, cerium immobilized cross-linked chitosan (CTS-Ce) composite, employed as an efficient adsorbent for Cr(VI) in single system and coexisted with Orange II (OII) in binary system, was prepared by co-precipitation method. The as-obtained adsorbent was characterized by FTIR, SEM, EDS and XPS before and after adsorption. The adsorption behaviors of Cr(VI) in single and binary system were systematically studied. The maximum adsorption capacity of Cr(VI) on CTS-Ce (202.8mg/g) was calculated by Langmuir equation in single metal system, but it decreased to 112...
May 20, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
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