keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

IG

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793053/aggressive-fluid-and-sodium-restriction-in-decompensated-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction-results-from-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Karina Sanches Machado d'Almeida, Eneida Rejane Rabelo-Silva, Gabriela Corrêa Souza, Melina Maria Trojahn, Sofia Louise Santin Barilli, Graziella Aliti, Luís Eduardo Rohde, Andreia Biolo, Luís Beck-da-Silva
OBJECTIVES: Sodium and fluid restriction is commonly prescribed for heart failure patients. However, its role in the treatment of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) remains unclear. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of a diet with sodium and fluid restriction with an unrestricted diet in patients admitted for decompensated HFpEF. METHODS: Patients were randomized to a diet with sodium (0.8 g/d) and fluid (800 mL/d) restriction (intervention group [IG]) or an unrestricted diet (control group [CG]) and followed for 7 d or hospital discharge...
March 21, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790260/endogenous-glp-1-alters-postprandial-functional-connectivity-between-homeostatic-and-reward-related-brain-regions-involved-in-the-regulation-of-appetite-in-healthy-lean-males-a-pilot-study
#2
Anne Christin Meyer-Gerspach, Huynh Giao Ly, Stefan Borgwardt, Patrick Dupont, Christoph Beglinger, Lukas Van Oudenhove, Bettina K Wölnerhanssen
AIMS: Peripheral infusion of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) can affect brain activity in areas involved in the regulation of appetite, including hypothalamic and reward-related brain regions. In contrast, the physiological role of endogenous GLP-1 in the central regulation of appetite has hardly been investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was performed as randomized, cross-over trial. Twelve healthy volunteers received an intragastric (ig) glucose (gluc) load with or without intravenous (iv) exendin9-39 (ex9-39; specific GLP-1 receptor antagonist)...
May 22, 2018: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788338/clinical-pharmacology-in-adult-and-pediatric-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#3
Amy Hemperly, William J Sandborn, Niels Vande Casteele
This review describes the clinical pharmacology of the major drugs used for the treatment of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Pharmacokinetics, drug metabolism, mechanism of action, efficacy, and safety profile are discussed. Some small molecules were developed to act systemically (eg, ozanimod) or locally (eg, aminosalicylates) and thus have disparate pharmacokinetic properties. In addition, locally acting compounds have been optimized to mitigate systemic exposure-eg, budesonide, which undergoes extensive first-pass metabolism-thereby reducing systemic bioavailability and side effects...
May 17, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787478/effect-of-a-1-year-elastic-band-resistance-exercise-program-on-cardiovascular-risk-profile-in-postmenopausal-women
#4
Cinta Gómez-Tomás, Iván Chulvi-Medrano, Juan José Carrasco, Yasser Alakhdar
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a 1-year progressive resistance training program using elastic bands on cardiovascular profile parameters in sedentary postmenopausal (>12 months' amenorrhea) women. METHODS: This longitudinal prospective experimental study included 38 menopausal women who were randomly divided into two groups: an intervention group (IG, n = 18), who completed a progressive resistance training program with elastic bands over the course of 12 months (six exercises for whole body training, three sets × 10 repetitions), and a control group (CG, n = 20) that did not perform any training...
May 21, 2018: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786518/evaluation-of-serum-ige-in-peach-allergic-patients-with-systemic-reaction-by-using-recombinant-pru-p-7-gibberellin-regulated-protein
#5
Y Mori, F Okazaki, C Inuo, Y Yamaguchi, S Masuda, S Sugiura, T Fukuie, M Nagao, I Tsuge, T Yosikawa, A Yagami, K Matsunaga, T Fujisawa, K Ito, H Narita, Y Kondo
BACKGROUND: Lipid transfer protein (LTP) is a major fruit allergen. It has, however, recently been revealed that the systemic reaction in peach-allergic patients is related not only to LTP (Pru p 3) but also to gibberellin-regulated protein (Pru p 7). We investigated recombinant Pru p 7 (rPru p 7) for its potential use in worldwide standardization for the diagnosis of peach allergy. METHODS: Natural Pru p 7 (nPru p 7) was purified from peach crude extract using a monoclonal antibody affinity column...
May 18, 2018: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786065/real-time-precise-point-positioning-based-zenith-tropospheric-delay-for-precipitation-forecasting
#6
Qingzhi Zhao, Yibin Yao, Wanqiang Yao, Zufeng Li
GPS-based Zenith Tropospheric Delay (ZTD) estimation should be easily obtained in a cost-effective way, however, the most previous studies focus on post-processed ZTD estimates using satellite orbit and clock products with at least 3-9 hours latency provided by International GNSS Service (IGS), which limits the GNSS meteorological application for nowcasting. With the development of IGS's real-time pilot project (RTPP), this limitation was removed by April, 2013 as real-time satellite orbit and clock products can be obtained on-line...
May 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785045/an-initial-study-on-the-effect-of-functional-electrical-stimulation-in-erectile-dysfunction-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Cristiane Carboni, Alexandre Fornari, Karoline C Bragante, Marcio A Averbeck, Patrícia Vianna da Rosa, Rodrigo Della Mea Plentz
Erectile dysfunction (ED) affects approximately 150 million men worldwide. Functional electrical stimulation (FES) therapy has shown a high regenerative capacity for smooth muscle cells and, therefore, is being increasingly adopted. FES can be a beneficial treatment option when the cause of ED is related to degeneration of cavernous smooth muscle. To evaluate the impact of FES on erectile function in men with erectile dysfunction. Twenty-two patients with ED participated in this randomized clinical trial. Participants were randomly assigned to two groups: intervention (IG) or control (CG)...
May 22, 2018: International Journal of Impotence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783701/nonnative-energetic-frustrations-in-protein-folding-at-residual-level-a-simulation-study-of-homologous-immunoglobulin-like-%C3%AE-sandwich-proteins
#8
Yunxiang Sun, Feng Ding, Dengming Ming
Nonnative interactions cause energetic frustrations in protein folding and were found to dominate key events in folding intermediates. However, systematically characterizing energetic frustrations that are caused by nonnative intra-residue interactions at residual resolution is still lacking. Recently, we studied the folding of a set of homologous all- α proteins and found that nonnative-contact-based energetic frustrations are highly correlated to topology of the protein native-contact network. Here, we studied the folding of nine homologous immunoglobulin-like (Ig-like) β -sandwich proteins, and examined nonnative-contact-based energetic frustrations Gō-like model...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780105/a-case-of-longstanding-igg4-related-ophthalmic-disease-dramatically-improved-after-steroid-therapy
#9
Yoko Hirata, Jiro Fukae, Akihiro Nishida, Shinsuke Fujioka, Mokoto Hamasaki, Masanari Nonokuma, Yoshio Tsuboi
A 61-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of decreased visual acuity. On admission, he had marked blepharoedema, conjunctival injection, exophthalmos, diplopia, and blurred vision. He also had bronchial asthma and urinary retention requiring urethral catheterization. His serum immunoglobulin (Ig) G4 level was elevated to 1,830 U/mL. Fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography revealed an abnormal uptake in multiple organs. A histopathological examination of the salivary gland revealed IgG4-positive plasma cell infiltration, leading to a diagnosis of IgG4-related ophthalmic disease...
May 18, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779821/clinical-efficacy-and-feasibility-of-whey-protein-isolates-supplementation-in-malnourished-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-a-multicenter-parallel-open-label-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Sharmela Sahathevan, Chee-Hee Se, SeeHoe Ng, Ban-Hock Khor, Karuthan Chinna, Bak Leong Goh, Halim A Gafor, Sunita Bavanandan, Ghazali Ahmad, Tilakavati Karupaiah
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Poor dietary intake is commonly associated with malnutrition in the dialysis population and oral nutritional supplementation is strategized to redress dietary inadequacy. Knowledge on clinical efficacy of whey protein supplementation (WPS) as an option to treat malnutrition in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients is limited. METHODS: This multicenter, parallel, open-label, randomized controlled trial investigated the clinical efficacy of WPS in 126 malnourished CAPD patients with serum albumin <40 g/L and body mass index (BMI) <24 kg/m2 ...
June 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778566/lung-squamous-cell-carcinoma-cells-express-non-canonically-glycosylated-igg-that-activates-integrin-fak-signaling
#11
Jingshu Tang, Jingxuan Zhang, Yang Liu, Qinyuan Liao, Jing Huang, Zihan Geng, Weiyan Xu, Zhengzuo Sheng, Gregory Lee, Youhui Zhang, Jinfeng Chen, Liang Zhang, Xiaoyan Qiu
It is increasingly recognized that many human carcinomas express immunoglobulin (Ig) molecules that are distinct from B-cell-derived Ig and play important roles in cancer initiation, progression, and metastasis. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the functions of cancer-derived Ig remain elusive. Here, we report that lung squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) cells frequently express high levels of cancer IgG (CIgG) that is specifically recognized by a monoclonal antibody RP215. RP215 recognizes CIgG via a novel epitope that involves an N-glycan modification at a non-consensus site within the CH 1 domain...
May 17, 2018: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776608/development-of-a-polyclonal-anti-dugong-immunoglobulin-g-igg-antibody-with-evaluation-of-total-plasma-igg-in-a-living-dugong-dugong-dugon-population
#12
Arthur Wong, Janet M Lanyon, Sara J McKee, Richard Linedale, Lucy Woolford, Trevor Long, Graham R Leggatt
Species-specific antibodies (Ab) for the measurement of immunoglobulins (Ig) are valuable tools for determining the humoral immune status of threatened and endangered wildlife species such as dugongs. However, no studies have reported antibody reagents against dugong immunoglobulin. The object of this study was to develop an Ab with specificity for dugong IgG and apply this tool to survey total IgG levels in plasma samples from a live wild population of dugongs in southern Queensland, Australia. Dugong IgG was isolated from plasma by protein A/G column chromatography and a polyclonal antiserum was successfully raised against the dugong IgG through immunization of mice...
June 2018: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774148/genetic-variations-in-the-tlr3-locus-are-associated-with-eosinophilic-esophagitis
#13
Robledo Ávila-Castellano, José-Raúl García-Lozano, Stefan Cimbollek, Alfredo J Lucendo, Juan-Manuel Bozada, Joaquín Quiralte
Background: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is an antigen-driven disease mediated by an abnormal immune Th2 response. Objective: The objective of this article is to investigate genes associated with regulating immune responses leading to disease susceptibility. Methods: Twenty-seven tag single nucleotide polymorphisms (tSNPs) selected in five candidate genes ( TLR3, TLR4, FOXP3, FLG and TSLP ) were genotyped in 218 EoE patients and 376 controls...
April 2018: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772785/comparison-of-human-milk-immunoglobulin-survival-during-gastric-digestion-between-preterm-and-term-infants
#14
Veronique Demers-Mathieu, Mark A Underwood, Robert L Beverly, Søren D Nielsen, David C Dallas
Human milk provides immunoglobulins (Igs) that supplement the passive immune system of neonates; however, the extent of survival of these Igs during gastric digestion and whether this differs between preterm and term infants remains unknown. Human milk, and infant gastric samples at 2 h post-ingestion were collected from 15 preterm (23⁻32 week gestational age (GA)) mother-infant pairs and from 8 term (38⁻40 week of GA) mother-infant pairs within 7⁻98 days postnatal age. Samples were analyzed via ELISA for concentration of total IgA (secretory IgA (SIgA)/IgA), total secretory component (SC/SIgA/SIgM), total IgM (SIgM/IgM), and IgG as well as peptidomics...
May 17, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771832/growth-factors-release-from-concentrated-growth-factors-effect-of-%C3%AE-tricalcium-phosphate-addition
#15
Veronica Bonazza, Christopher Hajistilly, Dinker Patel, Jatan Patel, Rita Woo, Marco Angelo Cocchi, Barbara Buffoli, Davide Lancini, Ezio Gheno, Rita Rezzani, Sadia Jahanzeb, Adrian Hunnisett, Maher Almasri, Alberta Greco Lucchina, Matteo Brucoli, Carmen Mortellaro, Luigi Fabrizio Rodella
BACKGROUND: Platelet concentrates represent a new approach to improve tissue regeneration and can be used alone or together with autogenous bone, recombinant human growth factors, and/or other biomaterials, to enhance tissue regeneration. Among platelet concentrates, concentrated growth factors (CGFs) exhibit an interesting clinical and biotechnological application potential. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vitro release of 4 growth factors (bone morphogenetic proteins [BMP] -2, BMP-7, transforming growth factor [TGF] -β1, and insulin-like growth factor [IGF] -1) by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) technique, in CGFs mixed or not with β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP), using or not the Round-up device, at different times...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771629/brain-uptake-of-multivalent-and-multi-specific-dvd-ig-proteins-after-systemic-administration
#16
Denise Karaoglu Hanzatian, Annette Schwartz, Farid Gizatullin, Jamie Erickson, Kangwen Deng, Ruth Villanueva, Christopher Stedman, Cristina Harris, Tariq Ghayur, Andrew Goodearl
Therapeutic monoclonal antibodies and endogenous IgG antibodies show limited uptake into the central nervous system (CNS) due to the blood-brain barrier (BBB), which regulates and controls the selective and specific transport of both exogenous and endogenous materials to the brain. The use of natural transport mechanisms, such as receptor-mediated transcytosis (RMT), to deliver antibody therapeutics into the brain have been studied in rodents and monkeys. Recent successful examples include monovalent bispecific antibodies and mono- or bivalent fusion proteins; however, these formats do not have the capability to bind to both the CNS target and the BBB transport receptor in a bivalent fashion as a canonical antibody would...
May 17, 2018: MAbs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771320/immunoglobulin-profiling-identifies-unique-signatures-in-patients-with-kawasaki-disease-during-intravenous-immunoglobulin-treatment
#17
Tai-Ming Ko, Kazuma Kiyotani, Jeng-Sheng Chang, Jae-Hyun Park, Poh Yin Yew, Yuan-Tsong Chen, Jer-Yuarn Wu, Yusuke Nakamura
Identifying the causes of high fever syndromes such as Kawasaki disease (KD) remains challenging. To investigate pathogen exposure signatures in suspected pathogen-mediated diseases like KD, we performed immunoglobulin (Ig) profiling using a next-generation sequencing method. After intravenous Ig (IVIG) treatment, we observed disappearance of clonally expanded IgM clonotypes, which were dominantly observed in acute-phase patients. The complementary-determining region 3 (CDR3) sequences of dominant IgM clonotypes in acute-phase patients were commonly observed in other Ig isotypes...
May 16, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770794/ursodeoxycholic-acid-protects-interstitial-cajal-like-cells-in-the-gallbladder-from-undergoing-apoptosis-by-inhibiting-tnf-%C3%AE-expression
#18
Jiang-Fan Wan, Shi-Feng Chu, Xin Zhou, Yue-Ting Li, Wen-Bin He, Feng Tan, Piao Luo, Qi-di Ai, Qi Wang, Nai-Hong Chen
Hypomotility is a common symptom of gallstone disease, which is accompanied by a loss of interstitial Cajal-like cells (ICLCs) in the gallbladder. Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) is widely used in treating gallstone disease, and has shown anti-apoptotic and anti-inflammatory effects apart from its ability to dissolve gallstones. In this study, we investigated the anti-apoptotic and anti-inflammatory effects of UDCA on ICLCs in guinea pigs with gallstones. Guinea pigs were fed a high-cholesterol diet for 8 weeks to induce the formation of gallstones...
May 17, 2018: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767160/effects-of-yeast-cell-wall-on-growth-performance-immune-responses-and-intestinal-short-chain-fatty-acid-concentrations-of-broilers-in-an-experimental-necrotic-enteritis-model
#19
Guang-Da Xue, Shu-Biao Wu, Mingan Choct, Robert A Swick
Subclinical necrotic enteritis (NE) causes devastating economic losses in the broiler chicken industry, especially in birds raised free of in-feed antibiotics. Prebiotics are potential alternatives to in-feed antibiotics. Yeast cell wall extract (YCW) derived from Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a prebiotic with known immune modulating effects. This study examined the effects of YCW and antibiotics (AB) during subclinical NE on broiler growth performance, intestinal lesions, humoral immune response and gut microflora metabolites...
December 2017: Animal nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766549/leukocytoclastic-vasculitis-associated-with-immunoglobulin-a-lambda-monoclonal-gammopathy-of-undetermined-significance-a-case-report-and-review-of-previously-reported-cases
#20
Hiroshi Umemura, Osamu Yamasaki, Keiji Iwatsuki
Leukocytoclastic vasculitis is often associated with immunoglobulin (Ig)A deposition on the vascular walls. IgA-associated leukocytoclastic vasculitis comprises various underlying diseases. Hematological disorders that can be minor triggers include multiple myeloma and monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance. Here, we present the case of a 78-year-old woman with leukocytoclastic vasculitis associated with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance of the IgA lambda chain. Oral steroid administration initially showed remission of vasculitis; however, the condition recurred after four attempts of treatment withdrawal...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Dermatology
keyword
keyword
57722
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"