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Rachel V Jimenez, Tyler T Wright, Nicholas R Jones, Jianming Wu, Andrew W Gibson, Alexander J Szalai
C-reactive protein (CRP) is the prototypical acute phase reactant, increasing in blood concentration rapidly and several-fold in response to inflammation. Recent evidence indicates that CRP has an important physiological role even at low, baseline levels, or in the absence of overt inflammation. For example, we have shown that human CRP inhibits the progression of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) in CRP transgenic mice by shifting CD4+ T cells away from the TH 1 and toward the TH 2 subset. Notably, this action required the inhibitory Fcγ receptor IIB (FcγRIIB), but did not require high levels of human CRP...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Divyen K Shah, Vennila Ponnusamy, Jane Evanson, Olga Kapellou, Georgia Ekitzidou, Neelam Gupta, Paul Clarke, Adina T Michael-Titus, Ping K Yip
Aims and hypothesis: Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) remains an important cause of death and disability in newborns. Mild therapeutic hypothermia (TH) is safe and effective; however, there are no tissue biomarkers available at the bedside to select babies for treatment. The aim of this study was to show that it is feasible to study plasma neurofilament light (NfL) levels from newborns and to evaluate their temporal course. Hypothesis: Raised plasma NFL protein levels from newborns who undergo TH after HIE are associated with abnormal MRI outcomes...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
Janin Lautenschläger, Eugene V Mosharov, Ellen Kanter, David Sulzer, Gabriele S Kaminski Schierle
Postnatally derived cultures of ventral mesencephalic neurons offer several crucial advantages over embryonic ventral mesencephalic cultures, including a higher content of TH-positive cells and the ability to derive cells from the substantia nigra, which contains the neurons most vulnerable to Parkinson's disease. On the other hand, these cultures are more challenging to produce consistently. Here, we provide an easy-to-implement protocol for culturing postnatal ventral mesencephalic cells from the substantia nigra (SN) and the ventral tegmental area using commercially available media, dishes, and general lab equipment, avoiding extensive material and equipment purchases...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
Peng Lin, Chen Xu, Wei Xing, Luni Sun, Daniel I Kaplan, Nobuhide Fujitake, Chris M Yeager, Kathleen A Schwehr, Peter H Santschi
Uptake of six particle-reactive and/or redox-sensitive radionuclides (210 Pb,234 Th,7 Be,59 Fe,237 Np and233 Pa) by 14 humic acids (HAs) was investigated in artificial groundwater under mildly acidic conditions (pH~5.5). In HA-groundwater slurry, Pb, Be, Fe and Pa bound strongly to particulate HA (>0.45 µm), supporting their application as tracers of soil erosion. Th bound strongly to the colloidal HA (3 kDa-0.45 µm) and as such, would not be a good candidate as a tracer for monitoring soil erosion...
March 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
Robert R Recker, Mohammed K Akhter, Joan M Lappe, Patrice Watson
Investigators and clinicians use bone histomorphometry data from iliac bone biopsies to study bone abnormalities in diseased patients, and to understand the safety and effectiveness of pharmaceutical interventions. This requires access to a high quality normal data-set to be used for comparisons, a resource that has not been adequate to date. The objective of this work is to present static and dynamic bone histomorphometry data from transilial bone biopsies performed on 48 healthy males, evenly distributed between ages 45 and 75...
March 16, 2018: Bone
Li Huang, Meijuan Wang, Yongdong Yan, Wenjing Gu, Xinxing Zhang, Jiahong Tan, Huiming Sun, Wei Ji, Zhengrong Chen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanisms of OX40L in regulating helper T (Th) cells differentiation through phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathway in vitro and in vivo experiments. METHODS: Serum samples of patients with asthma and healthy controls were used to explore the association between OX40L and Th cells. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to measure the serum concentrations of OX40L, IL-4, IFN-γ, IL-17 and TGF-β...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
Shu-Long Li, Yun Yu, Peng Yang, Hui Wang, Cheng Zhang, Min Liu, Jia-Xiang Zhang, Tong Shen, Changhao Wu, Qi-Xing Zhu
The role of environmental factors in autoimmune diseases has been increasingly recognized. While major advance has been made in understanding biological pathogen-induced autoimmune diseases, chemically triggered autoimmunity is poorly understood. Trichloroethylene (TCE), a common environmental pollutant, has recently been shown to induce autoimmunity. This study explored whether TCE could cause imbalance of T helper (Th) cell subsets which would contribute to the pathogenesis of TCE-induced medicamentosa-like dermatitis...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Toxicology
Hui Gao, Zhuo Dong, Xinkou Gong, Juancong Dong, Yuyu Zhang, Wei Wei, Rui Wang, Shunzi Jin
Exposure to ionizing radiation often induces T helper (Th) cell differentiation, resulting in an imbalance of Th1 and Th2 cellular subtypes, which can affect the efficacy of cancer radiotherapy. The aim of this study was to analyze differential expression of Th1, Th2 and Th3/Type 1 regulatory T cell (Tr1) subtype-related genes and cytokines in mouse thymocytes after high- and low-dose systemic radiation, using functional classification gene arrays and Elisa assays, and to explore the molecular mechanisms underlying radiation's immune effects and their relationship with Th1/Th2 immunity...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Radiation Research
Kirstin Harling, Ernest Adankwah, Alptekin Güler, Anthony Afum-Adjei Awuah, Louis Adu-Amoah, Ertan Mayatepek, Ellis Owusu-Dabo, Norman Nausch, Marc Jacobsen
T-cells critically contribute to protection against Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection, and impaired T-cell responses can lead to disease progression. Pro-inflammatory and immunosuppressive cytokines affect T-cells, and fine-tuned regulation of cytokine signaling via the Jak/STAT signaling pathways is crucial for appropriate T-cell function. Constitutive STAT3 phosphorylation as a consequence of aberrant cytokine signaling has been described to occur in pathognomonic T-cell responses in inflammatory and autoimmune diseases...
March 19, 2018: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
Stephanie C Ray, Chad A Rappleye
The dimorphic fungal pathogen Histoplasma capsulatum takes advantage of the innate immune system, utilizing host macrophages as a proliferative niche while largely avoiding stimulation of signaling host receptors. As a result, innate immune cells are unable to control H. capsulatum on their own. Not all host phagocytes respond to H. capsulatum in the same way, with neutrophils and dendritic cells playing important roles in impeding fungal growth and initiating a protective TH 1 response, respectively. Dendritic cells prime T-cell differentiation after internalization of yeasts via VLA-5 receptors and subsequent degradation of the yeasts...
March 15, 2018: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
Y T Huang, X F Liu, Y F Chen, R F Fu, W Liu, L Zhang, R C Yang
Objective: To investigate the safety and efficacy of eltrombopag for adult patients with chronic immune thrombocytopenia (cITP). Methods: It was a randomised, single-centre, 6 weeks, placebo-controlled study. Beginning in January 29(th), 2013, 35 patients were enrolled, and the trial was completed on May 16(th), 2014. 17 patients were assigned to receive eltrombopag (starting dose 25 mg/d) and 18 were assigned to receive placebo. Results: A total of 35 cases of adult cITP, 6 males and 29 females with a median age of 42(22-66) years were enrolled...
January 14, 2018: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
Salman Siddiqui, Aarti Shikotra, Matthew Richardson, Emma Doran, David Choy, Alex Bell, Cary D Austin, Jeffrey Eastham-Anderson, Beverley Hargadon, Joseph R Arron, Andrew Wardlaw, Christopher E Brightling, Liam G Heaney, Peter Bradding
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a complex chronic disease underpinned by pathological changes within the airway wall. How variations in structural airway pathology and cellular inflammation contribute to the expression and severity of asthma are poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: Therefore we evaluated pathological heterogeneity using topological data analysis (TDA) with the aim of visualizing disease clusters and microclusters. METHODS: A discovery population of 202 adult patients (142 asthmatic patients and 60 healthy subjects) and an external replication population (59 patients with severe asthma) were evaluated...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Yai-Ping Hsiao, Chien-Chang Shen, Chung-Hsiung Huang, Yu-Chin Lin, Tong-Rong Jan
Iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) have been shown to attenuate T helper (Th)1 and Th2 cell-mediated immunity in ovalbumin (OVA)-sensitized mice. The objective of this study is to investigate the effects of IONPs on the immune responses of Th17 cells, a subset of T cells involved in various inflammatory pathologies. For in vivo study, a murine model of delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) was employed. BALB/c mice received a single dose of IONPs (0.2-10 mg iron/kg) via the tail vein 1 h prior to ovalbumin (OVA) sensitization...
March 14, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
Patrick Belikan, Ulrike Bühler, Christina Wolf, Gautam K Pramanik, René Gollan, Frauke Zipp, Volker Siffrin
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common chronic inflammatory demyelinating disease of the CNS. Myelin-specific CD4+ Th lymphocytes are known to play a major role in both MS and its animal model experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). CCR7 is a critical element for immune cell trafficking and recirculation, that is, lymph node homing, under homeostatic conditions; blocking CCR7+ central memory cells from egress of lymph nodes is a therapeutic approach in MS. To define the effect of CD4+ T cell-specific constitutive deletion of CCR7 in the priming and effector phase in EAE, we used an active EAE approach in T cell reconstituted Rag1-/- mice, as well as adoptive transfer EAE, in which mice received in vitro-primed CCR7-/- or CCR7+/+ myelin Ag TCR-transgenic 2d2 Th17 cells...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Peng Xia, Xiaoting Gong, Lin Xiao, Yida Wang, Tianzhuo Zhang, Qingyuan Liao, Xiaoning Mo, Xiaoyan Qiu, Jing Huang
CCDC134 (coiled-coil domain containing 134), a cytokine-like molecule, was previously reported to have antitumor effects via by augmenting CD8+ T-cell-mediated immunity. However, the dynamic change of CCDC134 expression pattern in spinal cords that may be involved in the progression of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), an animal model for multiple sclerosis, remains unclear. In this study, we found that CCDC134 were markedly increased in the spinal cord during the progression of EAE. Furthermore, we demonstrated that CCDC134 significantly reduced the severity of EAE and slowed down the ongoing EAE, which correlated with reduced spinal cord inflammation and demyelination...
March 13, 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
Anne C Conibear, Markus Muttenthaler
The 7th Chemical Protein Synthesis Meeting took place in September 2017 in Haifa, Israel, bringing together 100 scientists from 11 countries. The cutting-edge scientific program included new synthetic strategies and ligation auxiliaries, novel insights into protein signaling and post-translational modifications, and a range of promising therapeutic applications.
March 15, 2018: Cell Chemical Biology
A M Sirunyan, A Tumasyan, W Adam, F Ambrogi, E Asilar, T Bergauer, J Brandstetter, E Brondolin, M Dragicevic, J Erö, M Flechl, M Friedl, R Frühwirth, V M Ghete, J Grossmann, J Hrubec, M Jeitler, A König, N Krammer, I Krätschmer, D Liko, T Madlener, I Mikulec, E Pree, D Rabady, N Rad, H Rohringer, J Schieck, R Schöfbeck, M Spanring, D Spitzbart, W Waltenberger, J Wittmann, C-E Wulz, M Zarucki, V Chekhovsky, V Mossolov, J Suarez Gonzalez, E A De Wolf, D Di Croce, X Janssen, J Lauwers, H Van Haevermaet, P Van Mechelen, N Van Remortel, S Abu Zeid, F Blekman, J D'Hondt, I De Bruyn, J De Clercq, K Deroover, G Flouris, D Lontkovskyi, S Lowette, S Moortgat, L Moreels, Q Python, K Skovpen, S Tavernier, W Van Doninck, P Van Mulders, I Van Parijs, H Brun, B Clerbaux, G De Lentdecker, H Delannoy, G Fasanella, L Favart, R Goldouzian, A Grebenyuk, G Karapostoli, T Lenzi, J Luetic, T Maerschalk, A Marinov, A Randle-Conde, T Seva, C Vander Velde, P Vanlaer, D Vannerom, R Yonamine, F Zenoni, F Zhang, A Cimmino, T Cornelis, D Dobur, A Fagot, M Gul, I Khvastunov, D Poyraz, C Roskas, S Salva, M Tytgat, W Verbeke, N Zaganidis, H Bakhshiansohi, O Bondu, S Brochet, G Bruno, C Caputo, A Caudron, S De Visscher, C Delaere, M Delcourt, B Francois, A Giammanco, A Jafari, M Komm, G Krintiras, V Lemaitre, A Magitteri, A Mertens, M Musich, K Piotrzkowski, L Quertenmont, M Vidal Marono, S Wertz, N Beliy, W L Aldá Júnior, F L Alves, G A Alves, L Brito, M Correa Martins Junior, C Hensel, A Moraes, M E Pol, P Rebello Teles, E Belchior Batista Das Chagas, W Carvalho, J Chinellato, A Custódio, E M Da Costa, G G Da Silveira, D De Jesus Damiao, S Fonseca De Souza, L M Huertas Guativa, H Malbouisson, M Melo De Almeida, C Mora Herrera, L Mundim, H Nogima, A Santoro, A Sznajder, E J Tonelli Manganote, F Torres Da Silva De Araujo, A Vilela Pereira, S Ahuja, C A Bernardes, T R Fernandez Perez Tomei, E M Gregores, P G Mercadante, S F Novaes, Sandra S Padula, D Romero Abad, J C Ruiz Vargas, A Aleksandrov, R Hadjiiska, P Iaydjiev, M Misheva, M Rodozov, M Shopova, S Stoykova, G Sultanov, A Dimitrov, I Glushkov, L Litov, B Pavlov, P Petkov, W Fang, X Gao, M Ahmad, J G Bian, G M Chen, H S Chen, M Chen, Y Chen, C H Jiang, D Leggat, H Liao, Z Liu, F Romeo, S M Shaheen, A Spiezia, J Tao, C Wang, Z Wang, E Yazgan, H Zhang, S Zhang, J Zhao, Y Ban, G Chen, Q Li, S Liu, Y Mao, S J Qian, D Wang, Z Xu, C Avila, A Cabrera, L F Chaparro Sierra, C Florez, C F González Hernández, J D Ruiz Alvarez, B Courbon, N Godinovic, D Lelas, I Puljak, P M Ribeiro Cipriano, T Sculac, Z Antunovic, M Kovac, V Brigljevic, D Ferencek, K Kadija, B Mesic, A Starodumov, T Susa, M W Ather, A Attikis, G Mavromanolakis, J Mousa, C Nicolaou, F Ptochos, P A Razis, H Rykaczewski, M Finger, M Finger, E Carrera Jarrin, Y Assran, M A Mahmoud, A Mahrous, R K Dewanjee, M Kadastik, L Perrini, M Raidal, A Tiko, C Veelken, P Eerola, J Pekkanen, M Voutilainen, J Härkönen, T Järvinen, V Karimäki, R Kinnunen, T Lampén, K Lassila-Perini, S Lehti, T Lindén, P Luukka, E Tuominen, J Tuominiemi, E Tuovinen, J Talvitie, T Tuuva, M Besancon, F Couderc, M Dejardin, D Denegri, J L Faure, F Ferri, S Ganjour, S Ghosh, A Givernaud, P Gras, G Hamel de Monchenault, P Jarry, I Kucher, E Locci, M Machet, J Malcles, G Negro, J Rander, A Rosowsky, M Ö Sahin, M Titov, A Abdulsalam, C Amendola, I Antropov, S Baffioni, F Beaudette, P Busson, L Cadamuro, C Charlot, R Granier de Cassagnac, M Jo, S Lisniak, A Lobanov, J Martin Blanco, M Nguyen, C Ochando, G Ortona, P Paganini, P Pigard, R Salerno, J B Sauvan, Y Sirois, A G Stahl Leiton, T Strebler, Y Yilmaz, A Zabi, A Zghiche, J-L Agram, J Andrea, D Bloch, J-M Brom, M Buttignol, E C Chabert, N Chanon, C Collard, E Conte, X Coubez, J-C Fontaine, D Gelé, U Goerlach, M Jansová, A-C Le Bihan, N Tonon, P Van Hove, S Gadrat, S Beauceron, C Bernet, G Boudoul, R Chierici, D Contardo, P Depasse, H El Mamouni, J Fay, L Finco, S Gascon, M Gouzevitch, G Grenier, B Ille, F Lagarde, I B Laktineh, M Lethuillier, L Mirabito, A L Pequegnot, S Perries, A Popov, V Sordini, M Vander Donckt, S Viret, T Toriashvili, Z Tsamalaidze, C Autermann, L Feld, M K Kiesel, K Klein, M Lipinski, M Preuten, C Schomakers, J Schulz, T Verlage, V Zhukov, A Albert, E Dietz-Laursonn, D Duchardt, M Endres, M Erdmann, S Erdweg, T Esch, R Fischer, A Güth, M Hamer, T Hebbeker, C Heidemann, K Hoepfner, S Knutzen, M Merschmeyer, A Meyer, P Millet, S Mukherjee, T Pook, M Radziej, H Reithler, M Rieger, F Scheuch, D Teyssier, S Thüer, G Flügge, B Kargoll, T Kress, A Künsken, J Lingemann, T Müller, A Nehrkorn, A Nowack, C Pistone, O Pooth, A Stahl, M Aldaya Martin, T Arndt, C Asawatangtrakuldee, K Beernaert, O Behnke, U Behrens, A Bermúdez Martínez, A A Bin Anuar, K Borras, V Botta, A Campbell, P Connor, C Contreras-Campana, F Costanza, C Diez Pardos, G Eckerlin, D Eckstein, T Eichhorn, E Eren, E Gallo, J Garay Garcia, A Geiser, A Gizhko, J M Grados Luyando, A Grohsjean, P Gunnellini, M Guthoff, A Harb, J Hauk, M Hempel, H Jung, A Kalogeropoulos, M Kasemann, J Keaveney, C Kleinwort, I Korol, D Krücker, W Lange, A Lelek, T Lenz, J Leonard, K Lipka, W Lohmann, R Mankel, I-A Melzer-Pellmann, A B Meyer, G Mittag, J Mnich, A Mussgiller, E Ntomari, D Pitzl, A Raspereza, B Roland, M Savitskyi, P Saxena, R Shevchenko, S Spannagel, N Stefaniuk, G P Van Onsem, R Walsh, Y Wen, K Wichmann, C Wissing, O Zenaiev, S Bein, V Blobel, M Centis Vignali, T Dreyer, E Garutti, D Gonzalez, J Haller, A Hinzmann, M Hoffmann, A Karavdina, R Klanner, R Kogler, N Kovalchuk, S Kurz, T Lapsien, I Marchesini, D Marconi, M Meyer, M Niedziela, D Nowatschin, F Pantaleo, T Peiffer, A Perieanu, C Scharf, P Schleper, A Schmidt, S Schumann, J Schwandt, J Sonneveld, H Stadie, G Steinbrück, F M Stober, M Stöver, H Tholen, D Troendle, E Usai, L Vanelderen, A Vanhoefer, B Vormwald, M Akbiyik, C Barth, S Baur, E Butz, R Caspart, T Chwalek, F Colombo, W De Boer, A Dierlamm, B Freund, R Friese, M Giffels, D Haitz, F Hartmann, S M Heindl, U Husemann, F Kassel, S Kudella, H Mildner, M U Mozer, Th Müller, M Plagge, G Quast, K Rabbertz, M Schröder, I Shvetsov, G Sieber, H J Simonis, R Ulrich, S Wayand, M Weber, T Weiler, S Williamson, C Wöhrmann, R Wolf, G Anagnostou, G Daskalakis, T Geralis, V A Giakoumopoulou, A Kyriakis, D Loukas, I Topsis-Giotis, G Karathanasis, S Kesisoglou, A Panagiotou, N Saoulidou, K Kousouris, I Evangelou, C Foudas, P Kokkas, S Mallios, N Manthos, I Papadopoulos, E Paradas, J Strologas, F A Triantis, M Csanad, N Filipovic, G Pasztor, G I Veres, G Bencze, C Hajdu, D Horvath, Á Hunyadi, F Sikler, V Veszpremi, A J Zsigmond, N Beni, S Czellar, J Karancsi, A Makovec, J Molnar, Z Szillasi, M Bartók, P Raics, Z L Trocsanyi, B Ujvari, S Choudhury, J R Komaragiri, S Bahinipati, S Bhowmik, P Mal, K Mandal, A Nayak, D K Sahoo, N Sahoo, S K Swain, S Bansal, S B Beri, V Bhatnagar, R Chawla, N Dhingra, A K Kalsi, A Kaur, M Kaur, R Kumar, P Kumari, A Mehta, J B Singh, G Walia, Ashok Kumar, Aashaq Shah, A Bhardwaj, S Chauhan, B C Choudhary, R B Garg, S Keshri, A Kumar, S Malhotra, M Naimuddin, K Ranjan, R Sharma, R Bhardwaj, R Bhattacharya, S Bhattacharya, U Bhawandeep, S Dey, S Dutt, S Dutta, S Ghosh, N Majumdar, A Modak, K Mondal, S Mukhopadhyay, S Nandan, A Purohit, A Roy, D Roy, S Roy Chowdhury, S Sarkar, M Sharan, S Thakur, P K Behera, R Chudasama, D Dutta, V Jha, V Kumar, A K Mohanty, P K Netrakanti, L M Pant, P Shukla, A Topkar, T Aziz, S Dugad, B Mahakud, S Mitra, G B Mohanty, N Sur, B Sutar, S Banerjee, S Bhattacharya, S Chatterjee, P Das, M Guchait, Sa Jain, S Kumar, M Maity, G Majumder, K Mazumdar, T Sarkar, N Wickramage, S Chauhan, S Dube, V Hegde, A Kapoor, K Kothekar, S Pandey, A Rane, S Sharma, S Chenarani, E Eskandari Tadavani, S M Etesami, M Khakzad, M Mohammadi Najafabadi, M Naseri, S Paktinat Mehdiabadi, F Rezaei Hosseinabadi, B Safarzadeh, M Zeinali, M Felcini, M Grunewald, M Abbrescia, C Calabria, A Colaleo, D Creanza, L Cristella, N De Filippis, M De Palma, F Errico, L Fiore, G Iaselli, S Lezki, G Maggi, M Maggi, G Miniello, S My, S Nuzzo, A Pompili, G Pugliese, R Radogna, A Ranieri, G Selvaggi, A Sharma, L Silvestris, R Venditti, P Verwilligen, G Abbiendi, C Battilana, D Bonacorsi, S Braibant-Giacomelli, R Campanini, P Capiluppi, A Castro, F R Cavallo, S S Chhibra, G Codispoti, M Cuffiani, G M Dallavalle, F Fabbri, A Fanfani, D Fasanella, P Giacomelli, C Grandi, L Guiducci, S Marcellini, G Masetti, A Montanari, F L Navarria, A Perrotta, A M Rossi, T Rovelli, G P Siroli, N Tosi, S Albergo, S Costa, A Di Mattia, F Giordano, R Potenza, A Tricomi, C Tuve, G Barbagli, K Chatterjee, V Ciulli, C Civinini, R D'Alessandro, E Focardi, P Lenzi, M Meschini, S Paoletti, L Russo, G Sguazzoni, D Strom, L Viliani, L Benussi, S Bianco, F Fabbri, D Piccolo, F Primavera, V Calvelli, F Ferro, E Robutti, S Tosi, A Benaglia, L Brianza, F Brivio, V Ciriolo, M E Dinardo, S Fiorendi, S Gennai, A Ghezzi, P Govoni, M Malberti, S Malvezzi, R A Manzoni, D Menasce, L Moroni, M Paganoni, K Pauwels, D Pedrini, S Pigazzini, S Ragazzi, N Redaelli, T Tabarelli de Fatis, S Buontempo, N Cavallo, S Di Guida, F Fabozzi, F Fienga, A O M Iorio, W A Khan, L Lista, S Meola, P Paolucci, C Sciacca, F Thyssen, P Azzi, N Bacchetta, L Benato, D Bisello, A Boletti, R Carlin, A Carvalho Antunes De Oliveira, P Checchia, P De Castro Manzano, T Dorigo, U Dosselli, F Gasparini, U Gasparini, A Gozzelino, S Lacaprara, M Margoni, A T Meneguzzo, N Pozzobon, P Ronchese, R Rossin, F Simonetto, E Torassa, M Zanetti, P Zotto, G Zumerle, A Braghieri, A Magnani, P Montagna, S P Ratti, V Re, M Ressegotti, C Riccardi, P Salvini, I Vai, P Vitulo, L Alunni Solestizi, M Biasini, G M Bilei, C Cecchi, D Ciangottini, L Fanò, P Lariccia, R Leonardi, E Manoni, G Mantovani, V Mariani, M Menichelli, A Rossi, A Santocchia, D Spiga, K Androsov, P Azzurri, G Bagliesi, T Boccali, L Borrello, R Castaldi, M A Ciocci, R Dell'Orso, G Fedi, L Giannini, A Giassi, M T Grippo, F Ligabue, T Lomtadze, E Manca, G Mandorli, L Martini, A Messineo, F Palla, A Rizzi, A Savoy-Navarro, P Spagnolo, R Tenchini, G Tonelli, A Venturi, P G Verdini, L Barone, F Cavallari, M Cipriani, D Del Re, E Di Marco, M Diemoz, S Gelli, E Longo, F Margaroli, B Marzocchi, P Meridiani, G Organtini, R Paramatti, F Preiato, S Rahatlou, C Rovelli, F Santanastasio, N Amapane, R Arcidiacono, S Argiro, M Arneodo, N Bartosik, R Bellan, C Biino, N Cartiglia, F Cenna, M Costa, R Covarelli, A Degano, N Demaria, B Kiani, C Mariotti, S Maselli, E Migliore, V Monaco, E Monteil, M Monteno, M M Obertino, L Pacher, N Pastrone, M Pelliccioni, G L Pinna Angioni, F Ravera, A Romero, M Ruspa, R Sacchi, K Shchelina, V Sola, A Solano, A Staiano, P Traczyk, S Belforte, M Casarsa, F Cossutti, G Della Ricca, A Zanetti, D H Kim, G N Kim, M S Kim, J Lee, S Lee, S W Lee, C S Moon, Y D Oh, S Sekmen, D C Son, Y C Yang, A Lee, H Kim, D H Moon, G Oh, J A Brochero Cifuentes, J Goh, T J Kim, S Cho, S Choi, Y Go, D Gyun, S Ha, B Hong, Y Jo, Y Kim, K Lee, K S Lee, S Lee, J Lim, S K Park, Y Roh, J Almond, J Kim, J S Kim, H Lee, K Lee, K Nam, S B Oh, B C Radburn-Smith, S H Seo, U K Yang, H D Yoo, G B Yu, M Choi, H Kim, J H Kim, J S H Lee, I C Park, Y Choi, C Hwang, J Lee, I Yu, V Dudenas, A Juodagalvis, J Vaitkus, I Ahmed, Z A Ibrahim, M A B Md Ali, F Mohamad Idris, W A T Wan Abdullah, M N Yusli, Z Zolkapli, R Reyes-Almanza, G Ramirez-Sanchez, M C Duran-Osuna, H Castilla-Valdez, E De La Cruz-Burelo, I Heredia-De La Cruz, R I Rabadan-Trejo, R Lopez-Fernandez, J Mejia Guisao, A Sanchez-Hernandez, S Carrillo Moreno, C Oropeza Barrera, F Vazquez Valencia, I Pedraza, H A Salazar Ibarguen, C Uribe Estrada, A Morelos Pineda, D Krofcheck, P H Butler, A Ahmad, M Ahmad, Q Hassan, H R Hoorani, A Saddique, M A Shah, M Shoaib, M Waqas, H Bialkowska, M Bluj, B Boimska, T Frueboes, M Górski, M Kazana, K Nawrocki, M Szleper, P Zalewski, K Bunkowski, A Byszuk, K Doroba, A Kalinowski, M Konecki, J Krolikowski, M Misiura, M Olszewski, A Pyskir, 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Skhirtladze, S Toda, F Rebassoo, D Wright, C Anelli, A Baden, O Baron, A Belloni, B Calvert, S C Eno, C Ferraioli, N J Hadley, S Jabeen, G Y Jeng, R G Kellogg, J Kunkle, A C Mignerey, F Ricci-Tam, Y H Shin, A Skuja, S C Tonwar, D Abercrombie, B Allen, V Azzolini, R Barbieri, A Baty, R Bi, S Brandt, W Busza, I A Cali, M D'Alfonso, Z Demiragli, G Gomez Ceballos, M Goncharov, D Hsu, Y Iiyama, G M Innocenti, M Klute, D Kovalskyi, Y S Lai, Y-J Lee, A Levin, P D Luckey, B Maier, A C Marini, C Mcginn, C Mironov, S Narayanan, X Niu, C Paus, C Roland, G Roland, J Salfeld-Nebgen, G S F Stephans, K Tatar, D Velicanu, J Wang, T W Wang, B Wyslouch, A C Benvenuti, R M Chatterjee, A Evans, P Hansen, S Kalafut, Y Kubota, Z Lesko, J Mans, S Nourbakhsh, N Ruckstuhl, R Rusack, J Turkewitz, J G Acosta, S Oliveros, E Avdeeva, K Bloom, D R Claes, C Fangmeier, R Gonzalez Suarez, R Kamalieddin, I Kravchenko, J Monroy, J E Siado, G R Snow, B Stieger, M Alyari, J Dolen, A Godshalk, C Harrington, I Iashvili, D 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Lamichhane, S W Lee, T Libeiro, T Peltola, S Undleeb, I Volobouev, Z Wang, S Greene, A Gurrola, R Janjam, W Johns, C Maguire, A Melo, H Ni, K Padeken, P Sheldon, S Tuo, J Velkovska, Q Xu, P Barria, B Cox, R Hirosky, M Joyce, A Ledovskoy, H Li, C Neu, T Sinthuprasith, Y Wang, E Wolfe, F Xia, R Harr, P E Karchin, J Sturdy, S Zaleski, M Brodski, J Buchanan, C Caillol, S Dasu, L Dodd, S Duric, B Gomber, M Grothe, M Herndon, A Hervé, U Hussain, P Klabbers, A Lanaro, A Levine, K Long, R Loveless, G A Pierro, G Polese, T Ruggles, A Savin, N Smith, W H Smith, D Taylor, N Woods
The azimuthal anisotropy Fourier coefficients (v_{n}) in 8.16 TeV p+Pb data are extracted via long-range two-particle correlations as a function of the event multiplicity and compared to corresponding results in pp and PbPb collisions. Using a four-particle cumulant technique, v_{n} correlations are measured for the first time in pp and p+Pb collisions. The v_{2} and v_{4} coefficients are found to be positively correlated in all collision systems. For high-multiplicity p+Pb collisions, an anticorrelation of v_{2} and v_{3} is observed, with a similar correlation strength as in PbPb data at the same multiplicity...
March 2, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Yulin Chen, Jie Wu, Jiajia Wang, Wenjing Zhang, Bohui Xu, Xiaojun Xu, Li Zong
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The intestinal immune system is an ideal target to induce immune tolerance physiologically. However, the efficiency of oral protein antigen delivery is limited by degradation of the antigen in the gastrointestinal tract and poor uptake by antigen-presenting cells. Gut dendritic cells (DCs) are professional antigen-presenting cells that are prone to inducing antigen-specific immune tolerance. In this study, we delivered the antigen heat shock protein 65-6×P277 (H6P) directly to the gut DCs of NOD mice through oral vaccination with H6P-loaded targeting nanoparticles (NPs), and investigated the ability of this antigen to induce immune tolerance to prevent autoimmune diabetes in NOD mice...
March 15, 2018: Diabetologia
Mariona Camps-Bossacoma, Francisco J Pérez-Cano, Àngels Franch, Margarida Castell
Background: A 10% cocoa-enriched diet influences immune system functionality including the prevention of the antibody response and the induction of lower immunoglobulin (Ig) concentrations. However, neither cocoa polyphenols nor cocoa fiber can totally explain these immunoregulatory properties. Objectives: This study aimed to establish the influence of cocoa theobromine in systemic and intestinal Ig concentrations and to determine the effect of cocoa or theobromine feeding on lymphoid tissue lymphocyte composition...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
Zhaodong Li, Ludovica F Buttó, Kristine-Anne Buela, Li-Guo Jia, Minh Lam, John D Ward, Theresa T Pizarro, Fabio Cominelli
Death receptor 3 (DR3), a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) superfamily, has been implicated in regulating T-helper type-1 (TH 1), type-2 (TH 2), and type-17 (TH 17) responses as well as regulatory T cell (Treg ) and innate lymphoid cell (ILC) functions during immune-mediated diseases. However, the role of DR3 in controlling lymphocyte functions in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is not fully understood. Recent studies have shown that activation of DR3 signaling modulates Treg expansion suggesting that stimulation of DR3 represents a potential therapeutic target in human inflammatory diseases, including Crohn's disease (CD)...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
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