Read by QxMD icon Read

Muscle weakness, pain

Sahana Hadihalli Veeregowda, Jayakumar Jyothinagaram Krishnamurthy, Bhuvana Krishnaswamy, Sarala Narayana
Gynecomastia is benign enlargement of male breast, drug-induced gynecomastia accounts for about 25%. We are reporting a case of spironolactone-induced unilateral gynecomastia. A 52-year-old male patient receiving multiple antihypertensives including hydrochlorothiazide presented with muscle weakness and easy fatigability. Investigations revealed hypokalemia; he was advised to stop hydrochlorothiazide and consume potassium-rich diet; since he did not respond to this, spironolactone was added. The patient improved symptomatically but developed painful swelling of the right breast after 12 months of treatment which was suspected to be spironolactone-induced gynecomastia...
January 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
Takako Miyamae, Takuma Hara, Aki Hanaya, Yumi Tani, Takayuki Kishi, Hisashi Yamanaka
A 10-year-old girl manifested persistent fever, skin rash, leg pain, fatigue, and joint pain. Based on muscle weakness, elevated muscle-derived enzymes, magnetic resonance imaging, and skin biopsy results, the diagnosis was juvenile idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (JIIM). Chest CT was normal; the anti-melanoma differentiation-associated protein-5 (anti-MDA5) autoantibody was positive. Initial manifestations subsided after prednisolone (PSL) and methotrexate treatment. After the PSL dosage was decreased, the patient presented with metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint pain and swelling in both index fingers, synovial fluid, and signals on power Doppler ultrasound...
2018: Case Reports in Rheumatology
Josefine E Naili, Eva W Broström, Elena M Gutierrez-Farewik, Michael H Schwartz
This study aimed to evaluate whether the trajectory of the body's Centre of Mass (CoM) is a sensitive and responsive measure of functional compensations in individuals with knee osteoarthritis (OA) performing the Five Times Sit-to-Stand test (5STS). This prospective study included 21 individuals with OA and 21 age- and gender-matched controls. Motion analysis data was collected while participants performed the 5STS, one month prior and one year after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Pain was evaluated using a visual analogue scale...
March 6, 2018: Gait & Posture
Gesine Meyer, Klaus Badenhoop
An adrenal crisis (Addisonian crisis) is an acute life-threatening complication of adrenal insufficiency. It occurs when hydrocortisone demand is not met by supplementation in the context of an infection - often gastrointestinal, fever, trauma, acute psychological or physical stress. Symptoms of weakness, nausea, muscle/joint pain and drowsiness may develop out of robust health within few hours. If overlooked, treated too late, with insufficient dose or route of application, there exists a considerable risk of mortality...
March 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Costansia Bureta, Hiroyuki Tominaga, Takuya Yamamoto, Takao Setoguchi, Hideki Kawamura, Satoshi Nagano, Ichiro Kawamura, Masahiko Abematsu, Hironori Kakoi, Yasuhiro Ishidou, Setsuro Komiya
BACKGROUND: Here we report a rare case of lumbar spine epidural abscess and facet joint septic arthritis caused by Streptococcus agalactiae, which had spread to the iliopsoas muscles, leading to urine retention. CASE PRESENTATION: A 68-year-old woman with low back pain experienced a sudden onset of bilateral lower limb weakness, it was followed 14 days later by urine retention. At consultation, magnetic resonance imaging and identification of serum β-hemolytic streptococci provided a diagnosis of Streptococcus agalactiae infection...
March 13, 2018: BMC Surgery
Joseph J Kavolus, David Sia, Hollis G Potter, David E Attarian, Paul F Lachiewicz
BACKGROUND: Surgeon-performed periarticular injections and anesthesiologist-performed femoral nerve or adductor canal blocks with local anesthetic are in common use as part of multimodal pain management regimens for patients undergoing TKA. However, femoral nerve blocks risk causing quadriceps weakness and falls, and anesthesiologist-performed adductor canal blocks are costly in time and resources and may be unreliable. We investigated the feasibility of a surgeon-performed saphenous nerve ("adductor canal") block from within the knee at the time of TKA...
January 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Xiaoke Li, Shuo Qi, Yuntao Jiao, Jing Gao, Hongbo Du
RATIONALE: Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) with initial manifestations of constipation and intestinal obstruction (IO) is rare. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 50-year-old Chinese male patient was admitted to the gastroenterology department due to constipation and abdominal distention for 8 days. He had experienced intermittent back pain for 3 years prior to admission. Based on abdominal radiography, he was initially diagnosed with IO and treated with meal restriction and enemas...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Yang Meng, Xiaofei Wang, Beiyu Wang, Tingkui Wu, Hao Liu
RATIONALE: Cervical open-door laminoplasty can enlarge the volume of the cervical vertebral canal and thus has become an effective and safe treatment for multilevel cervical disc herniation and cervical stenosis. Some post-surgery complications exist, such as reduction of cervical alignment and local kyphosis. However, aggravation of cervical disc herniation at the surgical level during short-term follow-up has not been discussed. Additionally, spontaneous disappearance of herniated disc pulposus is a common phenomenon in the lumbar region but is relatively rare in the cervical region...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Stéphanie Thibault-Gagnon, Corrie Goldfinger, Caroline Pukall, Susan Chamberlain, Linda McLean
BACKGROUND: Digital intravaginal palpation remains the favored method for clinical assessment of pelvic floor muscle (PFM) function in women; however, there is growing interest in using transperineal ultrasound imaging (TPUSI). TPUSI does not involve vaginal penetration, making it particularly relevant for PFM assessment in women with genito-pelvic pain and penetration disorders. AIMS: To study the relations between measures of PFM morphology and function assessed using 3-dimensional (3D) TPUSI and PFM assessment through intravaginal palpation...
March 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Vincent Lepori, Franziska Mühlhause, Adrian C Sewell, Vidhya Jagannathan, Nils Janzen, Marco Rosati, Filipe Miguel Maximiano Alves de Sousa, Aurélie Tschopp, Gertraud Schüpbach, Kaspar Matiasek, Andrea Tipold, Tosso Leeb, Marion Kornberg
Several enzymes are involved in fatty acid oxidation, which is a key process in mitochondrial energy production. Inherited defects affecting any step of fatty acid oxidation can result in clinical disease. We present here an extended family of German Hunting Terriers with 10 dogs affected by clinical signs of exercise induced weakness, muscle pain, and suspected rhabdomyolysis. The combination of clinical signs, muscle histopathology and acylcarnitine analysis with an elevated tetradecenoylcarnitine (C14:1) peak suggested a possible diagnosis of acyl-CoA dehydrogenase very long chain deficiency (ACADVLD)...
February 28, 2018: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
Maria Isabel Bento Ayres Pereira Harry Leite, Sérgio Azevedo Ferreira Alves, Rui Paulo Vicente Reinas, Marta Gomes Rodrigues, Ana Sofia Martins das Neves Garrido, Otília Peixoto da Cunha, Joana Sofia Oliveira Rodrigues, Maria de Fátima Oliveira Santos Poças, Mário António Leite Resende Martins
A previously healthy 13-year-old girl presented with a 9-day history of acute onset severe neck pain associated with limited range of movement. Medical evaluation at day 2 was suggestive of muscle contracture, and she was discharged home with diazepam, antiinflammatory agents, and rest; however, she returned because of progressive clinical worsening with left arm distal paresthesia and paralysis since day 3. There was no history of trauma or other systemic complaints, and her familial medical history was unremarkable...
February 28, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
Natascia Cerrato, Gilberto Calzolari, Pietro Tizzani, Emma Actis Perinetto, Antonio Dellavalle, Enzo Aluffi
Yew leaves poisoning is a rare life-threatening intoxication, whose diagnosis can be difficult. Initial symptoms are nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, dizziness, tachycardia, muscle weakness, confusion, beginning within 1 hr from ingestion and followed by bradycardia, ventricular arrhythmias, ventricular fibrillation, severe hypotension, and death. Taxine-derived alkaloids are responsible for the toxicity of the yew leaves, blocking sodium and calcium channels, and causing conduction abnormalities. Because of lack of a specific antidote and limited efficacy of common antiarrhythmic drugs, prompt diagnosis, detoxification measures, and immediate hemodynamic support (also with transvenous cardiac stimulation) are essential...
February 28, 2018: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
V Moreno-Pérez, Jll Elvira, J Fernandez-Fernandez, F J Vera-Garcia
Background: Glenohumeral internal rotation deficit and external rotation strength have been associated with the development of shoulder pain in overhead athletes. Objective: To examine the bilateral passive shoulder rotational range of motion (ROM), the isometric rotational strength and unilateral serve speed in elite tennis players with and without shoulder pain history (PH and NPH, respectively) and compare between dominant and non-dominant limbs and between groups...
February 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Aarti Narayan, Arun Subramanian
We report a case of severe generalised muscle weakness in a 66-year-old man who underwent revision of left knee arthroplasty. On postoperative day 1, he developed non-focal muscle weakness and shortness of breath which progressed over a 6-hour period. Serum phosphorus level was severely low at 0.5 mg/dL, along with mild degree of hypokalaemia, hypocalcaemia and hypomagnesaemia. His symptoms completely resolved after emergent phosphorus replacement. The authors believe this case is of educational interest to physicians as generalised muscle weakness is an uncommon presentation of severe hypophosphataemia...
February 23, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Eiji Sasaki, Shizuka Sasaki, Daisuke Chiba, Yuji Yamamoto, Atsushi Nawata, Eiichi Tsuda, Shigeyuki Nakaji, Yasuyuki Ishibashi
Trunk muscle weakness and imbalance are risk factors for postural instability, low back pain, and poor postoperative outcomes. The association between trunk muscle strength and aging is poorly understood, and establishing normal reference values is difficult. We aimed to establish the validity of a novel portable trunk muscle torque measurement instrument (PTMI). We then estimated reference data for healthy young adults and elucidated age-related weakness in trunk muscle strength. Twenty-four university students were enrolled to validate values for PTMI, and 816 volunteers from the general population who were recruited to the Iwaki Health Promotion Project were included to estimate reference data for trunk muscle strength...
2018: PloS One
S Lerch, D Stark, O Rühmann
OBJECTIVE: Snapping of the iliotibial band over the greater trochanter should be eliminated by reducing tension via lengthening, release, and incision of the iliotibial band. INDICATIONS: Positive clinical examination and painful snapping of the iliotibial band over the greater trochanter, despite extensive conservative treatments, for over 6 months. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Weakness of the abductor muscles with positive Trendelenburg sign. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Direct approach to the iliotibial tract...
February 22, 2018: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
Megan K Mills, Bryn Putbrese, Hailey Allen, Sarah E Stilwill
Lymphangiomatosis is an uncommon disease process characterized by multisystem lymphatic malformations that can involve numerous body systems, including organs, muscles, soft tissues, and bones. Involvement of the nervous system is rare and has even been previously described as a site of sparing. We present a case of a 24-year-old female with known lymphangiomatosis, presenting with acute onset of lower extremity paresthesias, weakness, and new urinary retention. MRI of the pelvis revealed lymphangiomatosis of the sacral plexus, which has not been previously reported...
February 21, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
Kei Houri, Shinichi Hamasaki, Takatoshi Tsujimoto, Tomohisa Uchida, Tatsushige Iwamoto, Toru Shirai, Shinichi Nakao
Background: Spinal cord infarction (SCI) after epidural anesthesia is quite rare. Although most cases of perioperative SCI are associated with aortic, cardiac, or spinal surgery, and/or abnormal preoperative conditions, such as spinal stenosis or hypercoagulopathy, intraoperative events, such as severe hypotension or epidural puncture and catheterization, can be contributory factors. Case presentation: A 52-year-old male was underwent laparoscopic gastrectomy. Before induction of general anesthesia, an epidural catheter was placed without any problems...
2018: JA Clin Rep
J M Boland, P J Tebben, A L Folpe
Tumor-induced osteomalacia (TIO), also known as "oncogenic osteomalacia", is a rare cause of osteomalacia. TIO often has an insidious onset characterized clinically by progressive muscle weakness and bone pain with fractures. The hallmark biochemical finding is a persistent low serum phosphorus concentration due to renal phosphate wasting. The vast majority of cases of TIO result from production of the phosphaturic hormone fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) by a histologically distinctive mesenchymal tumor, termed "phosphaturic mesenchymal tumor" (PMT)...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
Alexis L Maule, Patricia A Janulewicz, Kimberly A Sullivan, Maxine H Krengel, Megan K Yee, Michael McClean, Roberta F White
OBJECTIVES: Across diverse groups of Gulf War (GW) veterans, reports of musculoskeletal pain, cognitive dysfunction, unexplained fatigue, chronic diarrhoea, rashes and respiratory problems are common. GW illness is a condition resulting from GW service in veterans who report a combination of these symptoms. This study integrated the GW literature using meta-analytical methods to characterise the most frequently reported symptoms occurring among veterans who deployed to the 1990-1991 GW and to better understand the magnitude of ill health among GW-deployed veterans compared with non-deployed GW-era veterans...
February 13, 2018: BMJ Open
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"