keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Vitamin deficiencies

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679395/placental-adaptations-to-micronutrient-dysregulation-in-the-programming-of-chronic-disease
#1
Pierre Hofstee, Daniel McKeating, Anthony V Perkins, James S M Cuffe
Poor nutrition during pregnancy is known to impair foetal development and increase the risk of chronic disease in offspring. Both macronutrients and micronutrients are required for a healthy pregnancy although significantly less is understood about the role of micronutrients in the programming of chronic disease. This is despite the fact that modern calorie rich diets are often also deficient in key micronutrients. The importance of micronutrients in gestational disorders is clearly understood but how they impact long term disease in humans requires further investigation...
April 21, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677699/-epidemic-vitamin-d-deficiency-in-prisoners-compared-to-the-german-population-an-analysis-based-on-laboratory-results
#2
Friedrich Pürner, Merle M Böhmer, Manfred Wildner
OBJECTIVE: Effects of long-term imprisonment on the vitamin D (vitD) status of prison inmates in Germany have not been systematically assessed so far. Special circumstances in prisons - little sunlight exposure combined with restricted outdoor activities - may lead to vitD deficiency among prisoners. The aim of this study was to assess the vitD status of prisoners and the general population in order to quantify the extent of vitD deficiency in both groups. METHODS: VitD status (25(OH)D in blood serum samples) was assessed in female inmates of a prison in southern Germany between May 2012-June 2013...
April 20, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677539/fibromyalgia-and-nutrition-therapeutic-possibilities
#3
REVIEW
Geir Bjørklund, Maryam Dadar, Salvatore Chirumbolo, Jan Aaseth
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a complex chronic condition of unknown etiology, characterized by deep and widespread pain, sleep problems, cognitive impairment, fatigue, and other well-known functional symptoms. Recently, it has been proposed that an imbalance of nutritive components, including essential metal ions and vitamins, might play a critical role in the development of FM. Muscle pain has been associated with deficiencies in amino acids, magnesium, selenium, vitamins B and D, as well as with the harmful effects of heavy metals, such as mercury, cadmium, and lead...
April 17, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677309/vitamin-d-calcium-or-combined-supplementation-for-the-primary-prevention-of-fractures-in-community-dwelling-adults-us-preventive-services-task-force-recommendation-statement
#4
David C Grossman, Susan J Curry, Douglas K Owens, Michael J Barry, Aaron B Caughey, Karina W Davidson, Chyke A Doubeni, John W Epling, Alex R Kemper, Alex H Krist, Martha Kubik, Seth Landefeld, Carol M Mangione, Michael Silverstein, Melissa A Simon, Chien-Wen Tseng
Importance: Because of the aging population, osteoporotic fractures are an increasingly important cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Approximately 2 million osteoporotic fractures occurred in the United States in 2005, and annual incidence is projected to increase to more than 3 million fractures by 2025. Within 1 year of experiencing a hip fracture, many patients are unable to walk independently, more than half require assistance with activities of daily living, and 20% to 30% of patients will die...
April 17, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677308/vitamin-d-calcium-or-combined-supplementation-for-the-primary-prevention-of-fractures-in-community-dwelling-adults-evidence-report-and-systematic-review-for-the-us-preventive-services-task-force
#5
Leila C Kahwati, Rachel Palmieri Weber, Huiling Pan, Margaret Gourlay, Erin LeBlanc, Manny Coker-Schwimmer, Meera Viswanathan
Importance: Osteoporotic fractures result in significant morbidity and mortality. Objective: To update the evidence for benefits and harms of vitamin D, calcium, or combined supplementation for the primary prevention of fractures in community-dwelling adults to inform the US Preventive Services Task Force. Data Sources: PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and trial registries through March 21, 2017; references; and experts. Surveillance continued through February 28, 2018...
April 17, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676339/prevalence-of-vitamin-a-deficiency-among-under-five-children-in-south-western-nigeria
#6
Olufunmilola O Abolurin, Adebanjo J Adegbola, Oyeku A Oyelami, Samuel A Adegoke, Oluseye O Bolaji
Background and Aim: Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) constitutes a major nutritional concern in developing countries. It contributes significantly to the morbidity and mortality of under-five children and can result in impaired resistance to infection as well as increased risk of death. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of VAD among Southwestern Nigerian children. Methods: Apparently healthy children aged between 6 months and 5 years were recruited for the study...
January 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675077/a-tale-of-treatable-infantile-neuroregression-and-diagnostic-dilemma-with-glutaric-aciduria-type-i
#7
Sangeetha Yoganathan, Mugil Varman, Samuel Philip Oommen, Maya Thomas
Nutritional deficiencies related neurological manifestations are not uncommon in infants and children. Here, we describe an infant with Vitamin B12 deficiency due to depleted maternal Vitamin B12 status presenting with progressive encephalopathy and extrapyramidal signs. Diagnosis of infantile tremor syndrome was established in our patient based on the clinical and biochemical parameters. Magnetic resonance imaging had shown frontotemporal atrophy with widened Sylvian fissures and prominent cerebrospinal fluid spaces...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674238/calcium-metabolism-serum-markers-in-adult-patients-with-epilepsy-and-the-effect-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-seizure-control
#8
Mario Tombini, Andrea Palermo, Giovanni Assenza, Giovanni Pellegrino, Antonella Benvenga, Chiara Campana, Anda Mihaela Naciu, Federica Assenza, Vincenzo Di Lazzaro
PURPOSE: To evaluate serum markers of calcium metabolism in adult patients with epilepsy (PWE) treated with antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) and the effect of vitamin D supplementation on seizure frequency. METHODS: Serum levels of calcium, phosphate, intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) and 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) were compared in 160 PWE on chronic therapy with AEDs and 42 matched controls. Blood concentrations were analyzed taking into account the different features of epilepsy and treatment...
April 11, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673668/association-of-vitamin-d-level-and-vitamin-d-deficiency-with-risk-of-preeclampsia-a-systematic-review-and-updated-meta-analysis
#9
Soheila Akbari, Babak Khodadadi, Seyyed Amir Yasin Ahmadi, Saber Abbaszadeh, Farhad Shahsavar
OBJECTIVES: Because of the immune modulatory effects of vitamin D3 in preeclampsia, we intend to have a systematic review and meta-analysis on association of both 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25-OHD) level (parametric approach) and 25-OHD deficiency (non-parametric approach) with preeclampsia. As well, for the parametric part, we used receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used Web of Science, PubMed and Science Direct data bases through searching in titles...
April 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673277/effects-of-two-high-dose-vitamin-d-by-parenteral-route-in-treating-vitamin-d-deficiency-a-prospective-interventional-study
#10
Sanjay Gokhale, Sankalp Gokhale
Vitamin D deficiency is recognized as a global public health problem. Despite ample sunshine, vitamin D deficiency is very common in the Middle East (15°-36°N) and African (35°S-37°N) countries; and in South Asian countries. Different oral or parenteral dose modalities are tried for treatment of vitamin-D deficiency. Since the duration of corrective therapy is long; compliance of patients is a major issue. Herein we suggest a simple, affordable and practical plan to treat this very common deficiency.
July 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672394/effects-of-vitamin-b-complex-and-vitamin-c-on-human-skin-cells-is-the-perceived-effect-measurable
#11
Julian-Dario Rembe, Carolin Fromm-Dornieden, Ewa Klara Stuermer
OBJECTIVE: Vitamins are essential for human health. In terms of local application for wound healing, vitamins' positive effect remains unclear. However, because of the regular appearance of nutritional deficiency in chronic wound patients, a favorable impact of locally applied vitamins can be hypothesized. METHODS: Vitamins B3, B5, B6, B7, B9, B10, B12, and C individually as well as different combinations of B vitamins were investigated regarding their ability to promote proliferation and migration of human skin fibroblasts and keratinocytes...
May 2018: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671831/the-potential-of-integrating-provitamin-a-biofortified-maize-in-smallholder-farming-systems-to-reduce-malnourishment-in-south-africa
#12
REVIEW
Mthokozisi K Zuma, Unathi Kolanisi, Albert T Modi
Biofortification interventions have the potential to combat malnutrition. This review explored the use of provitamin A-biofortified maize (PVABM) as a vitamin A deficiency (VAD) reduction agricultural-based strategy. Maize has been identified as one of the key staple crops for biofortification to reduce hidden hunger in Africa. Most nutrition interventions have not been successful in reducing hunger because rural communities, who mainly rely on agriculture, have been indirectly excluded. The biofortification intervention proposed here aims to be an inclusive strategy, based on smallholder farming systems...
April 19, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671532/vitamin-d-screening-and-supplementation-in-community-dwelling-adults-common-questions-and-answers
#13
Michael L LeFevre, Nicholas M LeFevre
Measurement of vitamin D levels and supplementation with oral vitamin D have become commonplace, although clinical trials have not demonstrated health benefits. The usefulness of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels to assess adequate exposure to vitamin D is hampered by variations in measurement technique and precision. Serum levels less than 12 ng per mL reflect inadequate vitamin D intake for bone health. Levels greater than 20 ng per mL are adequate for 97.5% of the population. Routine vitamin D supplementation does not prolong life, decrease the incidence of cancer or cardiovascular disease, or decrease fracture rates...
February 15, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671167/vitamin-d-deficiency-and-depressive-symptoms-in-pregnancy-are-associated-with-adverse-perinatal-outcomes
#14
Eynav Elgavish Accortt, Amy Lamb, James Mirocha, Calvin J Hobel
Prenatal vitamin D deficiency and prenatal depression are both separately associated with adverse perinatal outcomes; however, to our knowledge no studies have investigated the effects of having both risk factors. Our objective was to determine to what extent vitamin D deficiency predicts adverse perinatal outcomes and whether elevated depressive symptoms in pregnancy places women at additional increased risk. This study was a secondary data analysis of prospective data collected from a cohort of pregnant women (N = 101) in an obstetric clinic of a large medical center...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670797/recurrent-migratory-transient-bone-marrow-edema-of-the-knees-associated-with-low-vitamin-d-and-systemic-low-bone-mineral-density-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#15
Omar Alsaed, Mohammad Hammoudeh
Transient bone marrow edema (TBME) is a self-limiting disease characterized by joint pain with localized bone marrow edema by MRI and has been reported in many case series and case reports. It is well known that joints of the lower extremity including hips, knees, ankles, and feet are the classical sites for TBME. Many theories have been proposed for the pathogenesis of TBME. Systemic osteopenia and vitamin D deficiency is one of the theories that have been suggested in the last few years. In this case report, we present a middle-aged male patient, who presented with 4 attacks of TBME in both knees between September 2016 and August 2017...
2018: Case Reports in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670260/familial-clustering-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-via-shared-environment-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2012
#16
Namki Hong, Young Ki Lee, Yumie Rhee
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Familial correlation of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration (25(OH)D) was reported in twin- or parent-offspring studies. However, data on relative contribution of environmental factors on familial clustering of 25(OH)D in extended families are limited. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We performed cross-sectional study using data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2008-2012. Familial correlations of 25(OH)D were estimated in 28,551 subjects from 10,882 families...
April 18, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670182/association-of-maternal-serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-concentrations-in-second-and-third-trimester-with-risk-of-macrosomia
#17
Juan Wen, Congli Kang, Jiaan Wang, Xianwei Cui, Qin Hong, Xingyun Wang, Lijun Zhu, Pengfei Xu, Ziyi Fu, Lianghui You, Xing Wang, Chenbo Ji, Xirong Guo
Whether the maternal vitamin D deficiency is associated with infant birth weight is still an argument. Here, we performed a nested case-control study (545 women who subsequently delivered infant with macrosomia and 1090 controls) to evaluate the association of the maternal serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations with risk of macrosomia. We measured the serum 25(OH)D concentrations by enzyme immunoassays. Logistic regression analysis, receiver-operator characteristic curve analysis and graphical nomogram were used for the statistical analyses...
April 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669023/the-relevance-of-vitamin-and-iron-deficiency-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-in-patients-of-the-swiss-ibd-cohort
#18
Matiar Madanchi, Stefania Fagagnini, Nicolas Fournier, Luc Biedermann, Jonas Zeitz, Edouard Battegay, Lukas Zimmerli, Stephan R Vavricka, Gerhard Rogler, Michael Scharl
Background andAims: Vitamin and iron deficiencies are common in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) as a result of chronic intestinal inflammation, increase in demand, or dietary restrictions. Here, we assessed the frequency of complications in relation to deficiency of iron, folate acid, and vitamin B12 in patients enrolled in the nationwide Swiss Inflammatory Bowel Disease Cohort Study (SIBDCS). Methods: A total of 2666 patients were included in the study, 1558 with Crohn's disease (CD) and 1108 with ulcerative colitis (UC)...
April 13, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668535/response-to-long-term-vitamin-d-therapy-for-bone-disease-in-children-with-sickle-cell-disease
#19
Kristen M Williams, Margaret T Lee, Maureen Licursi, Gary M Brittenham, Ilene Fennoy
Patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) are at risk for bone fragility from multiple factors including vitamin D deficiency. To date, no studies have evaluated the efficacy and safety of long-term vitamin D therapy for bone disease in children with SCD. We report a cohort of 4 children with SCD found to have severe vitamin D deficiency, secondary hyperparathyroidism, and abnormal bone mineral density treated with monthly high-dose oral cholecalciferol over 2 years. All patients exhibited a positive response to therapy without hypervitaminosis D or hypercalcemia...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668517/implications-of-vitamin-d-toxicity-deficiency
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2018: Nurse Practitioner
keyword
keyword
57707
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"