Read by QxMD icon Read

Vitamin d depletion

Laura M G Meems, Hasan Mahmud, Hendrik Buikema, Jorg Tost, Sven Michel, Janny Takens, Rikst N Verkaik-Schakel, Inge Vreeswijk-Baudoin, Irene V Mateo-Leach, Torsten Plosch, Rudolf A de Boer
Vitamin D deficiency is one of the most common nutritional deficiencies worldwide. Maternal vitamin D deficiency is associated with increased susceptibility to hypertension in offspring but the reasons for this remain unknown. The aim of this study was to determine if parental vitamin D deficiency leads to altered DNA methylation in offspring that may relate to hypertension. Male and female Sprague-Dawley rats were fed a standard or vitamin D depleted diet. After 10 weeks, non-sibling rats were mated. The conceived pups received standard chow...
October 21, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Nasser M Al-Daghri, Majed S Alokail, Antigoni Manousopoulou, Ashley Heinson, Omar Al-Attas, Yousef Al-Saleh, Shaun Sabico, Sobhy Yakout, Christopher H Woelk, George P Chrousos, Spiros D Garbis
BACKGROUND: Overweight adults are at increased risk for cardiovascular disease and vitamin D deficiency, whereas an important feature to vitamin D physiology is its sex dependence. The aim of this study was to examine whether vitamin D status improvement exerts a sexually dimorphic effect on serum proteins associated with cardiovascular risk among overweight adults. METHODS: Unprocessed serum from age- and BMI-matched men (n=26) and pre-menopausal women (n=24) with vitamin D deficiency and after they achieved sufficiency through a 12-month nutritional intervention was analyzed using our previously published depletion-free, quantitative proteomics method...
October 11, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
Sine Lykkedegn, Grith Lykke Sorensen, Signe Sparre Beck-Nielsen, Bartosz Pilecki, Lars Duelund, Niels Marcussen, Henrik Thybo Christesen
Animal studies suggest a role of vitamin D in fetal lung development although not studied in preterm animals. We tested the hypothesis that vitamin D depletion aggravates respiratory insufficiency in preterm rat offspring. Furthermore, the effects of vitamin D depletion on growth and lung surfactant were investigated. Female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned low vitamin D (VDL) or control diet before mating and followed with serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (s-25(OH)D) determinations. After cesarean section at gestational day 19 (E19) or day 22 (E22), placental weight, birth weight, crown-rump-length (CRL), oxygenation (SaO2) at 30 min and survival time were recorded...
2016: PloS One
Wulf Becker, Anna Karin Lindroos, Cecilia Nälsén, Eva Warensjö Lemming, Veronica Öhrvik
BACKGROUND: Dietary intake and nutritional status are important for pregnancy and pregnancy outcomes. Dietary advice on folate, targeted to women of childbearing age, aims at preventing neural tube defects in the offspring. AIM: To describe food and nutrient intake and nutritional status among women of childbearing age in Sweden in relation to current nutrition recommendations. METHODS: Dietary intake was assessed using a web-based four-day consecutive food record among adults aged 18-80 years-'Riksmaten 2010-11 adults'...
August 25, 2016: Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences
Loan Nguyen-Yamamoto, Andrew C Karaplis, Rene St-Arnaud, David Goltzman
Circulating levels of fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) increase during the early stages of kidney disease, but the underlying mechanism remains incompletely characterized. We investigated the role of vitamin D metabolites in regulating intact FGF23 production in genetically modified mice without and with adenine-induced uremia. Exogenous calcitriol (1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D) and high circulating levels of calcidiol (25-hydroxyvitamin D) each increased serum FGF23 levels in wild-type mice and in mice with global deficiency of the Cyp27b1 gene encoding 25-hydroxyvitamin D 1-α-hydroxylase, which produces 1,25-hydroxyvitamin D...
August 17, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
S C Gominak
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Vitamin D blood levels of 60-80ng/ml promote normal sleep. The present study was undertaken to explore why this beneficial effect waned after 2years as arthritic pain increased. Pantothenic acid becomes coenzyme A, a cofactor necessary for cortisol and acetylcholine production. 1950s experiments suggested a connection between pantothenic acid deficiency, autoimmune arthritis and insomnia. The B vitamins have been shown to have an intestinal bacterial source and a food source, suggesting that the normal intestinal microbiome may have always been the primary source of B vitamins...
September 2016: Medical Hypotheses
Lisa A Houghton, Winsome R Parnell, Christine D Thomson, Timothy J Green, Rosalind S Gibson
BACKGROUND: Zinc, selenium, and vitamin D status of New Zealand (NZ) school-aged children was examined in a national survey in 2002. To our knowledge, however, the role of these micronutrients as predictors of hemoglobin has not been explored despite plausible mechanisms for such relations. OBJECTIVE: We examined the relations of iron, zinc, selenium, and vitamin D status with hemoglobin and anemia in children of New Zealand European and other (NZEO) ethnicity enrolled in the 2002 Children's Nutrition Survey and explored whether zinc mediated the relation between selenium and hemoglobin...
September 2016: Journal of Nutrition
Louise Bjørkholt Andersen, Michaela Golic, Lukasz Przybyl, Grith Lykke Sorensen, Jan Stener Jørgensen, Palle Fruekilde, Frauke von Versen-Höynck, Florian Herse, Carsten Schriver Højskov, Ralf Dechend, Henrik Thybo Christesen, Nadine Haase
Maternal vitamin D deficiency is proposed as a risk factor for preeclampsia in humans. We tested the hypothesis that vitamin D depletion aggravates and high supplementation ameliorates the preeclampsia phenotype in an established transgenic rat model of human renin-angiotensin system-mediated preeclampsia. Adult rat dams, transgenic for human angiotensinogen (hAGT) and mated with male rats transgenic for human renin (hREN), were fed either vitamin D-depleted chow (VDd) or enriched chow (VDh) 2 weeks before mating and during pregnancy...
July 2016: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
Giovana M Ourique, Etiane M H Saccol, Tanise S Pês, Werner G Glanzner, Sun Hee Schiefelbein, Viviane M Woehl, Bernardo Baldisserotto, Maria A Pavanato, Paulo B D Gonçalves, Kátia P Barreto
Long-term administration of valproic acid (VPA) is known to promote reproductive impairment mediated by increase in testicular oxidative stress. Vitamin E (VitE) is a lipophilic antioxidant known to be essential for mammalian spermatogenesis. However, the capacity of this vitamin to abrogate the VPA-mediated oxidative stress has not yet been assessed. In the current study, we evaluated the protective effect of VitE on functional abnormalities related to VPA-induced oxidative stress in the male reproductive system...
September 2016: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Zygmunt Zdrojewicz, Marta Herman, Ewa Starostecka
The aim of this article is to show current knowledge concerning valuable substances biologically active present in hen eggs and underline important nutritive role of hen eggs. Hen egg is a good source of nutrients such as proteins, vitamins (A, B2, B6, B12, D, E, K), minerals and lipids. The significant part of lipids is a group of unsaturated phospholipids, which are components of cell membranes, act protectively on the cardiovascular system and contribute to a decrease of cholesterol level and blood pressure...
2016: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
Ammar Zaghlool, Jonatan Halvardson, Jin J Zhao, Mitra Etemadikhah, Antonia Kalushkova, Katarzyna Konska, Helena Jernberg-Wiklund, Ann-Charlotte Thuresson, Lars Feuk
Chromatin-remodeling factors are required for a wide range of cellular and biological processes including development and cognition, mainly by regulating gene expression. As these functions would predict, deregulation of chromatin-remodeling factors causes various disease syndromes, including neurodevelopmental disorders. Recent reports have linked mutations in several genes coding for chromatin-remodeling factors to intellectual disability (ID). Here, we used exome sequencing and identified a nonsynonymous de novo mutation in BAZ1A (NM_182648...
September 2016: Human Mutation
Bryan M Gannon, India Pungarcher, Luciana Mourao, Christopher R Davis, Philipp Simon, Kevin V Pixley, Sherry A Tanumihardjo
BACKGROUND: Crops such as maize, sorghum, and millet are being biofortified with provitamin A carotenoids to ensure adequate vitamin A (VA) intakes. VA assessment can be challenging because serum retinol concentrations are homeostatically controlled and more sensitive techniques are resource-intensive. OBJECTIVES: We investigated changes in serum retinol relative differences of isotope amount ratios of (13)C/(12)C (δ(13)C) caused by natural (13)C fractionation in C3 compared with C4 plants as a biomarker to detect provitamin A efficacy from biofortified (orange) maize and high-carotene carrots...
July 2016: Journal of Nutrition
Laughter Lisenda, Dina Simmons, Gregory B Firth, Yammesh Ramguthy, Thandrayen Kebashni, Anthony J F Robertson
INTRODUCTION: Blount disease can be defined as idiopathic proximal tibial vara. Several etiologies including the mechanical theory have been described. Obesity is the only causative factor proven to be associated with Blount disease. The aim of this study is to assess if there is an association of vitamin D deficiency and Blount disease. METHODS: This a retrospective study of preoperative and postoperative patients with Blount disease who were screened for vitamin D deficiency...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Aaron W James, Michael Chiang, Greg Asatrian, Jia Shen, Raghav Goyal, Choon G Chung, Le Chang, Swati Shrestha, A Simon Turner, Howard B Seim, Xinli Zhang, Benjamin M Wu, Kang Ting, Chia Soo
BACKGROUND: Vertebral compression fractures related to osteoporosis greatly afflict the aging population. One of the most commonly used therapy today is balloon kyphoplasty. However, this treatment is far from ideal and is associated with significant side effects. NELL-1, an osteoinductive factor that possesses both pro-osteogenic and anti-osteoclastic properties, is a promising candidate for an alternative to current treatment modalities. This study utilizes the pro-osteogenic properties of recombinant human NELL-1 (rhNELL-1) in lumbar spine vertebral defect model in osteoporotic sheep...
June 2016: Tissue Engineering. Part A
M Cepa, C Vaz
Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer among women, but despite survival rates improvement, it is still the second major cause of cancer related death. In postmenopausal women with estrogen receptor (ER) dependent breast cancer, hormone therapy is an option, either by direct inhibition of ER using tamoxifen or by aromatase inhibition, resulting in decreased estrogen production. In this paper these two endocrine therapy approaches are compared in terms of their impact on bone health. Guidance for the prevention of bone loss and occurrence of fractures in postmenopausal women receiving AIs is also proposed...
October 2015: Acta Reumatológica Portuguesa
Rong-Zong Liu, Shuai Li, Elizabeth Garcia, Darryl D Glubrecht, Ho Yin Poon, Jacob C Easaw, Roseline Godbout
Retinoic acid (RA), a metabolite of vitamin A, is required for the regulation of growth and development. Aberrant expression of molecules involved in RA signaling has been reported in various cancer types including glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Cellular retinoic acid-binding protein 2 (CRABP2) has previously been shown to play a key role in the transport of RA to retinoic acid receptors (RARs) to activate their transcription regulatory activity. Here, we demonstrate that CRABP2 is predominantly located in the cytoplasm of GBM tumors...
June 2016: Glia
Thalia M Sparling, Nicholas Henschke, Robin C Nesbitt, Sabine Gabrysch
: This article presents a systematic literature review on whether dietary intake influences the risk for perinatal depression, i.e. depression during pregnancy or post-partum. Such a link has been hypothesized given that certain nutrients are important in the neurotransmission system and pregnancy depletes essential nutrients. PubMed, EMBASE and CINAHL databases were searched for relevant articles until 30 May 2015. We included peer-reviewed studies of any design that evaluated whether perinatal depression is related to dietary intake, which was defined as adherence to certain diets, food-derived intake of essential nutrients or supplements...
February 3, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Renee Fenton, Laura Brook-Barclay, Christopher L Delaney, J Ian Spark, Michelle D Miller
BACKGROUND: Polypharmacy is common among patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) with a combination of medications used for risk-factor modification and medical management of the disease itself. Interaction between commonly prescribed medications and nutritional status has not previously been well described. This review aims to critically appraise evidence exploring associations between medications commonly prescribed to patients with PAD and nutritional status and provide recommendations for practice...
April 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Hye-Joo Kwon
Vitamin D has been found to be associated with cardiovascular diseases. However, the role of vitamin D in heart development during embryonic period is largely unknown. Vitamin D induces its genomic effects through its nuclear receptor, the vitamin D receptor (VDR). The present study investigated the role of VDR on heart development by antisense-mediated knockdown approaches in zebrafish model system. In zebrafish embryos, two distinct VDR genes (vdra and vdrb) have been identified. Knockdown of vdra has little effect on heart development, whereas disrupting vdrb gene causes various cardiac phenotypes, characterized by pericardial edema, slower heart rate and laterality defects...
February 12, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Brian Buijsse, David R Jacobs, Lyn M Steffen, Daan Kromhout, Myron D Gross
Vitamin C may reduce risk of hypertension, either in itself or by marking a healthy diet pattern. We assessed whether plasma ascorbic acid and the a priori diet quality score relate to incident hypertension and whether they explain each other's predictive abilities. Data were from 2884 black and white adults (43% black, mean age 35 years) initially hypertension-free in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study (study year 10, 1995-1996). Plasma ascorbic acid was assessed at year 10 and the diet quality score at year 7...
2015: PloS One
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"