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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530477/reliability-and-validity-of-an-acromion-marker-cluster-for-recording-scapula-posture-at-end-range-clavicle-protraction-retraction-elevation-and-depression
#1
Yaheli Bet-Or, Wolbert van den Hoorn, Venerina Johnston, Shaun P O'Leary
Acromion Marker Cluster (AMC) methods have been shown to accurately track scapula motion during humeral elevation below 90°, however, their accuracy has not been assessed in shoulder girdle motion such as clavicle protraction, retraction, elevation and depression independent of humeral movement. The aim of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of the AMC method to record scapula orientation at end range clavicle protraction, retraction, elevation and depression. The right scapulae of twenty-two female and twenty male asymptomatic volunteers were assessed with an AMC and Scapula Locator (SL) method during end range clavicle protraction, retraction, elevation and depression (without humeral elevation) using an eight-camera 3D movement registration system...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528351/the-influence-of-critical-shoulder-angle-on-secondary-rotator-cuff-insufficiency-following-shoulder-arthroplasty
#2
Simone Cerciello, Andrew Paul Monk, Enrico Visonà, Stefano Carbone, Thomas Bradley Edwards, Nicola Maffulli, Gilles Walch
INTRODUCTION: Secondary cuff failure after shoulder replacement is disabling and often requires additional surgery. Increased critical shoulder angle (CSA) has been found in patients with cuff tear compared to normal subjects. The interobserver reliability of the CSA and the relationship between CSA and symptomatic secondary cuff failure after shoulder replacement were investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nineteen patients with symptomatic cuff failure after anatomic shoulder replacement (mean FU 45 months) were compared to a control group of 29 patients showing no signs of symptomatic cuff failure (mean FU 105...
May 20, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524156/frozen-shoulder-and-risk-of-cancer-a-population-based-cohort-study
#3
Alma B Pedersen, Erzsébet Horváth-Puhó, Vera Ehrenstein, Mikael Rørth, Henrik T Sørensen
BACKGROUND: Frozen shoulder might be a complication or a presenting symptom of cancer. We examined the risk of a cancer diagnosis after an incident diagnosis of frozen shoulder. METHODS: We used prospectively collected data from Danish registries to identify patients with frozen shoulder during 1995-2013 and followed them for the development of cancer. RESULTS: We observed 2572 incident cancers among 29 098 frozen shoulder patients. The expected number of incident cancers in the general population was 2434...
May 18, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509823/progression-of-fatty-muscle-degeneration-in-atraumatic-rotator-cuff-tears
#4
Jonah Hebert-Davies, Sharlene A Teefey, Karen Steger-May, Aaron M Chamberlain, William Middleton, Kathryn Robinson, Ken Yamaguchi, Jay D Keener
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this prospective study was to examine the progression of fatty muscle degeneration over time in asymptomatic shoulders with degenerative rotator cuff tears. METHODS: Subjects with an asymptomatic rotator cuff tear in 1 shoulder and pain due to rotator cuff disease in the contralateral shoulder were enrolled in a prospective cohort. Subjects were followed annually with shoulder ultrasonography, which evaluated tear size, location, and fatty muscle degeneration...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509654/clinical-reasoning-embodied-meaning-making-in-physiotherapy
#5
Anoop Chowdhury, Wenche Schrøder Bjorbækmo
This article examines physiotherapists' lived experience of practicing physiotherapy in primary care, focusing on clinical reasoning and decision-making in the case of a patient we call Eva. The material presented derives from a larger study involving two women participants, both with a protracted history of neck and shoulder pain. A total of eight sessions, all of them conducted by the first author, a professional physiotherapist, in his own practice room, were videotaped, after which the first author transcribed the sessions and added reflective notes...
May 16, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508239/double-crush-syndrome-caused-by-cervical-spondylosis-and-vertebral-artery-loop
#6
Young Joon Rho, Woo Jin Choe
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to report a successful treatment experience in a rare case of simultaneous cervical nerve root compression by spondylotic cervical foraminal stenosis and a vertebral artery loop. METHODS: 51-year-old man presented with a 4-year history of left-sided cervical pain radiating to the left shoulder with progressive exacerbation of weakness on left shoulder girdle muscles for 7 months. The patient had no history of trauma. The patient's CT and MRI revealed impingement of the left C6 cervical nerve root by a tortuous vertebral artery loop and also by narrowed left C5-6 cervical foramen that had undergone spondylotic changes...
May 15, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507972/bilateral-coracoid-avulsion-fractures-with-unilateral-anterior-instability-with-glenoid-bone-loss-use-of-avulsed-fragment-for-reconstruction-of-glenoid
#7
Prateek Kumar Gupta, Ashis Acharya, Amit Mourya
INTRODUCTION: Coracoid fractures are often missed since the fracture is not visualized in a routine anteroposterior view of the shoulder and special views are not ordered. Shoulder dislocation is common but it is rare to have a dislocation with a coracoid fracture. The purpose of this paper is to present the rare occurrence of bilateral coracoid fractures in a patient with unilateral anterior shoulder instability managed using the same fractured coracoid fragment by the latarjet procedure...
November 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504029/obstetric-brachial-plexus-palsy-a-population-based-retrospective-case-control-study-and-medicolegal-considerations
#8
Simona Zaami, Francesco Paolo Busardò, Fabrizio Signore, Nicola Felici, Vito Briganti, Giovanni Baglio, Enrico Marinelli, Vittorio Fineschi
AIMS: The aim of this study was to examine 24 cases of obstetric brachial plexus palsy (OBPP) in 41,002 deliveries occurred at San Camillo-Forlanini Hospital in Rome, during the period 2000-2012. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A population-based retrospective case-control study was designed and the database of the hospital was searched; for each case, maternal and fetal records were examined and some risk factors were evaluated. RESULTS: A statistically significant association between the 24 cases OBPP and the following risk factors: primiparity (p < ...
May 14, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496293/the-effect-of-dopaminergic-medication-on-joint-kinematics-during-haptic-movements-in-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease
#9
Kuan-Yi Li, Pei-Yi Chu, Kristen A Pickett
This study examined whether altered joint angular motion during haptic exploration could account for a decline in haptic sensitivity in individuals with PD by analyzing joint position data during haptic exploration of a curved contour. Each participant's hand was passively moved by a robotic arm along the edges of a virtual box (5 cm × 15 cm) with a curved left wall. After each trial, participants indicated whether the contour was curved or straight. Visual, auditory, and tactile cues were occluded, and an electrogoniometer recorded shoulder and elbow joint angles during each trial...
2017: Behavioural Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495574/does-acromioplasty-result-in-favorable-clinical-and-radiologic-outcomes-in-the-management-of-chronic-subacromial-pain-syndrome-a-double-blinded-randomized-clinical-trial-with-9-to-14-years-follow-up
#10
Arjen Kolk, Bregje J W Thomassen, Hajo Hund, Pieter Bas de Witte, Hans-Erik Henkus, Willem G Wassenaar, Ewoud R A van Arkel, Rob G H H Nelissen
BACKGROUND: The treatment effect of acromioplasty for chronic subacromial pain syndrome (SAPS) on long-term shoulder function and rotator cuff deterioration has still to be determined. This study aimed to determine the long-term clinical and radiologic treatment effect of arthroscopic acromioplasty in patients with chronic SAPS. METHODS: In this double-blind, randomized clinical trial, 56 patients with chronic SAPS (median age, 47 years; age range, 31-60 years) were randomly allocated to arthroscopic bursectomy alone or to bursectomy combined with acromioplasty and were followed up for a median of 12 years...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488127/imaging-of-the-coracoglenoid-ligament-a-third-ligament-in-the-rotator-interval-of-the-shoulder
#11
Marcello Zappia, Alessandro Castagna, Antonio Barile, Vito Chianca, Luca Brunese, Nicole Pouliart
OBJECTIVE: The coracoglenoid ligament (CGL) forms part of the anterosuperior capsuloligamentous complex of the shoulder. Although it has received attention in the anatomical literature, it has not been investigated on imaging. The purpose of this study is to determine the percentage value and the interobserver agreement of identification and classification of the CGL on MR and MR arthrography (MRA) imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospectively, 280 MR and 150 MRA examinations were evaluated for detection of the CGL by two musculoskeletal radiologists...
May 10, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488015/no-relationship-between-critical-shoulder-angle-and-glenoid-erosion-after-shoulder-hemiarthroplasty-a-comparative-radiographic-study
#12
S Cerciello, B J Morris, E Visonà, K Corona, T B Edwards, N Maffulli, G Walch
INTRODUCTION: Symptomatic glenoid erosion is one of the most common causes of functional impairment after shoulder hemiarthroplasty. A decrease in the critical shoulder angle (CSA) has been associated with the development of shoulder arthritis. The inter-observer reliability of the CSA and the relationship between CSA and symptomatic glenoid erosion after shoulder hemiarthroplasty were investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight patients with symptomatic glenoid erosion after anatomic hemiarthroplasty were compared to a control group of 30 patients with no signs of symptomatic glenoid erosion...
May 9, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486932/risk-assessment-of-manual-handling-operations-at-work-with-the-key-indicator-method-kim-mho-determination-of-criterion-validity-regarding-the-prevalence-of-musculoskeletal-symptoms-and-clinical-conditions-within-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Andre Klussmann, Falk Liebers, Hansjürgen Gebhardt, Monika A Rieger, Ute Latza, Ulf Steinberg
BACKGROUND: Manual handling operations (MHO) are known to be risk factors for work-related upper limb disorders (WRULDs), e.g. symptoms and conditions such as carpal tunnel syndrome. To estimate the risk of WRULDs, a Key Indicator Method (KIM) for the risk assessment of MHO was developed. The method was validated in regard to different criteria, including face validity, criterion validity, reliability and further aspects concerning utility. This paper describes the KIM-MHO and criterion validity of this method with reference to prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs)...
May 10, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486150/the-effects-of-lane-width-shoulder-width-and-road-cross-sectional-reallocation-on-drivers-behavioral-adaptations
#14
Sami Mecheri, Florence Rosey, Régis Lobjois
Previous research has shown that lane-width reduction makes drivers operate vehicles closer to the center of the road whereas hard-shoulder widening induces a position farther away from the road's center. The goal of the present driving-simulator study was twofold. First, it was aimed at further investigating the respective effects of lane and shoulder width on in-lane positioning strategies, by examining vehicle distance from the center of the lane. The second aim was to assess the impact on safety of three possible cross-sectional reallocations of the width of the road (i...
May 6, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484716/anatomic-variation-in-morphometry-of-human-coracoid-process-among-asian-population
#15
Manal Fathi, Pike-See Cheah, Umar Ahmad, M Nizlan Nasir, Aye Aye San, Ezamin Abdul Rahim, Paisal Hussin, Rozi Mahmud, Fauziah Othman
Ethnic origin plays an important role in bone morphometry. Studies examining the influence of coracoid process have focused primarily on adults and have not included people from diverse Asian ethnic backgrounds. Our goal was to explore ethnic differences in morphometry of coracoid among Asian population. We performed morphometric measurements of coracoid process on cadaveric shoulders and shoulder CT scans from 118 specimens. The cadaveric sample included Indian (46%), Chinese (27%), and Myanmarese (27%) subjects, while the CT scans sample included Chinese (67%) and Malay (33%) subjects...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484505/effect-of-taichi-softball-on-function-related-outcomes-in-older-adults-a-randomized-control-trial
#16
Lin Lou, Liye Zou, Qun Fang, Huiru Wang, Yang Liu, Zuguo Tian, Yunpeng Han
The purpose of this present study was to examine the effect of Taichi softball (TCSB) on physical function in Chinese older adults. Eighty Chinese older adults were randomly assigned into either an experimental group experiencing four 90-minute TCSB sessions weekly for seven consecutive weeks or a control group. At baseline and 7 weeks later, all participants were asked to perform physical functional tests for both lower and upper limbs. Multiple separate Analyses of Variance (ANOVA) with repeated measures were applied to evaluate the effects of TCSB on function-related outcomes between baseline and postintervention in the two groups...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484301/comparative-analysis-of-family-medicine-education-and-exams-at-cathedras-of-family-medicine-of-universities-in-southeastern-europe-splitska-inicijativa-sarajevo-2017
#17
Izet Masic, Olivera Batic Mujanovic, Maja Racic, Larisa Gavran, Kosana Stanetic, Merzika Hodzic, Milena Cojic, Ljiljana Cvejanov-Kezunovic, Aleksandar Stepanovic, Katarina Stavrikj, Zaim Jatic, Edita Cerny Obrdalj, Amra Zalihic, Ksenija Tusek-Bunc
Education means: learning, teaching or the process of acquiring skills or behavior modification through various exercises. Traditionally, medical education meant the oral, practical and more passive transferring of knowledge and skills from the educators to students and health professionals. Today the importance of focus on educational quality, particularly in the professions operating in the services required by people is agreed by all involved. The higher educational system shoulders some critical responsibilities in the economic, social, cultural and educational development and growth in the communities...
March 2017: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481725/intra-rater-and-inter-rater-reliability-of-the-standardized-ultrasound-protocol-for-assessing-subacromial-structures
#18
Birgitte Hougs Kjær, Karen Ellegaard, Ina Wieland, Susan Warming, Birgit Juul-Kristensen
BACKGROUND: US-examinations related to shoulder impingement (SI) often vary due to methodological differences, examiner positions, transducers, and recording parameters. Reliable US protocols for examination of different structures related to shoulder impingement are therefore needed. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the intra- and inter-rater reliability of the existing ultrasound (US) examinations of the subacromial space, the subacromial-subdeltoid bursa, and the supraspinatus tendon...
May 8, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481385/an-assessment-of-the-safety-of-an-orthopedic-specialty-hospital-a-5-year-experience
#19
Eric M Padegimas, Matthew L Ramsey, Matthew Austin, Javad Parvizi, Gerald R Williams, Kelly Doyle, Michael E West, Richard H Rothman, Alexander R Vaccaro, Surena Namdari
One of the goals of orthopedic specialty hospitals is to provide safe and efficient care to medically optimized patients. The authors' orthopedic specialty hospital is a physician-owned, 24-bed facility that accommodates a multispecialty orthopedic practice in the areas of spine, hip and knee arthroplasty, shoulder and elbow, sports, foot and ankle, and hand surgery. The purpose of this study was to examine the first 5 years of an institutional experience with an orthopedic specialty hospital and to determine if any procedures were at increased risk of postoperative transfer...
May 8, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480792/a-rare-presentation-of-meralgia-paraesthetica-in-limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophy
#20
Ozgur Zeliha Karaahmet, Eda Gurcay, Duygu Ozturk, Sukran Guzel, Aytul Cakci
A 44-year-old female with paraesthesia and pain on the left anterolateral thigh who had been diagnosed with limb-girdle muscular dystrophy by electromyography and muscle biopsy is presented. Neurological examination revealed atrophy of the proximal muscles of both shoulders, plus pseudo hypertrophy of both calves. Electromyography exhibited a myopathic pattern. Musculoskeletal ultrasound imaging demonstrated a fusiform nerve swelling below the inguinal ligament suggesting lateral femoral cutaneous nerve compression, consistent with meralgia paraesthetica...
January 1, 2017: Scottish Medical Journal
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