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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809934/long-term-exposure-to-air-pollution-and-the-incidence-of-parkinson-s-disease-a-nested-case-control-study
#1
Chiu-Ying Chen, Hui-Jung Hung, Kuang-Hsi Chang, Chung Y Hsu, Chih-Hsin Muo, Chon-Haw Tsai, Trong-Neng Wu
BACKGROUND: Previous studies revealed that chronic exposure to air pollution can significantly increase the risk of the development of Parkinson's disease (PD), but this relationship is inconclusive as large-scale prospective studies are limited and the results are inconsistent. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to ascertain the adverse health effects of air pollution exposure in a nationwide population using a longitudinal approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a nested case-control study using the National Health Insurance Research Dataset (NHIRD), which consisted of 1,000,000 beneficiaries in the National Health Insurance Program (NHI) in the year 2000 and their medical records from 1995 to 2013 and using public data on air pollution concentrations from monitoring stations across Taiwan released from the Environmental Protection Administration to identify people with ages ≥ 40 years living in areas with monitoring stations during 1995-1999 as study subjects...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804491/phylloremediation-of-air-pollutants-exploiting-the-potential-of-plant-leaves-and-leaf-associated-microbes
#2
REVIEW
Xiangying Wei, Shiheng Lyu, Ying Yu, Zonghua Wang, Hong Liu, Dongming Pan, Jianjun Chen
Air pollution is air contaminated by anthropogenic or naturally occurring substances in high concentrations for a prolonged time, resulting in adverse effects on human comfort and health as well as on ecosystems. Major air pollutants include particulate matters (PMs), ground-level ozone (O3), sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen dioxides (NO2), and volatile organic compounds (VOCs). During the last three decades, air has become increasingly polluted in countries like China and India due to rapid economic growth accompanied by increased energy consumption...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803437/geographic-variation-in-chinese-children-forced-vital-capacity-and-its-association-with-long-term-exposure-to-local-pm10-a-national-cross-sectional-study
#3
Hai-Jun Wang, Qin Li, Yuming Guo, Jie-Yun Song, Zhiqiang Wang, Jun Ma
The purpose of this study was to estimate the association between Chinese children's forced vital capacity (FVC) and particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter ≤10 μm (PM10). The FVC data of 71,763 children aged 7 to 18 was collected from 2010 Chinese National Survey on Students' Construction and Health (CNSSCH). The local annual average concentration of PM10, relative humidity, ambient temperature, and other air pollutant data of 30 cities was collected from China Meteorological Administration and Ministry of Environment Protection of China...
August 12, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803162/-impact-of-air-pollution-in-paediatric-consultations-in-primary-health-care-ecological-study
#4
Raquel Martín Martín, Marciano Sánchez Bayle
OBJECTIVE: To study the correlation between the levels of environmental pollutants and the number of paediatric consultations related to respiratory disease in Primary Health Care. PATIENTS AND METHODS: An ecological study is performed, in which the dependent variable analysed was the number of paediatric consultations in an urban Primary Health Care centre in Madrid over a 3 year period (2013-2015), and specifically the consultations related to bronchiolitis, recurrent bronchospasm, and upper respiratory diseases...
August 9, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800688/monitoring-of-air-pollution-levels-related-to-charilaos-trikoupis-bridge
#5
D A Sarigiannis, E J Handakas, M Kermenidou, I Zarkadas, A Gotti, P Charisiadis, K Makris, M Manousakas, K Eleftheriadis, S P Karakitsios
Charilaos Trikoupis bridge is the longest cable bridge in Europe that connects Western Greece with the rest of the country. In this study, six air pollution monitoring campaigns (including major regulated air pollutants) were carried out from 2013 to 2015 at both sides of the bridge, located in the urban areas of Rio and Antirrio respectively. Pollution data were statistically analyzed and air quality was characterized using US and European air quality indices. From the overall campaign, it was found that air pollution levels were below the respective regulatory thresholds, but once at the site of Antirrio (26...
August 7, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797522/association-between-air-pollution-and-cardiovascular-mortality-in-hefei-china-a-time-series-analysis
#6
Chao Zhang, Rui Ding, Changchun Xiao, Yachun Xu, Han Cheng, Furong Zhu, Ruoqian Lei, Dongsheng Di, Qihong Zhao, Jiyu Cao
In recent years, air pollution has become an alarming problem in China. However, evidence on the effects of air pollution on cardiovascular mortality is still not conclusive to date. This research aimed to assess the short-term effects of air pollution on cardiovascular morbidity in Hefei, China. Data of air pollution, cardiovascular mortality, and meteorological characteristics in Hefei between 2010 and 2015 were collected. Time-series analysis in generalized additive model was applied to evaluate the association between air pollution and daily cardiovascular mortality...
August 7, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772249/pt-decorated-zinc-oxide-nanorod-arrays-with-graphitic-carbon-nitride-nanosheets-for-highly-efficient-dual-functional-gas-sensing
#7
Hailin Tian, Huiqing Fan, Jiangwei Ma, Zhiyong Liu, Longtao Ma, Shenhui Lei, Jiawen Fang, Changbai Long
In this work, well-aligned ZnO nanorods were grown on the substrate of exfoliated g-C3N4 nanosheets via a microwave-assisted hydrothermal synthesis, and then Pt/ZnO/g-C3N4 nanostructures were obtained after the deposition of Pt nanoparticles. The growth of vertically ordered ZnO nanorods was occurred on g-C3N4 nanosheets through the bonding interaction between Zn and N atoms, which was confirmed by XPS, FT-IR data and molecular orbital theory. The Pt/ZnO/g-C3N4 nanostructures sensor exhibited the remarkable sensitivity, selectivity, and fast response/recovery time for air pollutants of ethanol and NO2...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768161/airborne-heavy-metals-in-two-cities-of-north-rhine-westphalia%C3%A2-%C3%A2-performing-inhalation-cancer-risk-assessment-in-terms-of-atmospheric-circulation
#8
Konstantinos Dimitriou, Pavlos Kassomenos
The main objective of this study was to examine the levels of four heavy metals (As, Cd, Pb and Ni) in PM10 samples collected in two urban background stations in Dortmund and Bielefeld, in relation to atmospheric circulation. Pollution roses, Conditional Probability Function (CPF) roses and backward air mass trajectory clusters were used to identify air currents associated with the importation of PM10 and of the included metal constituents. In addition, PM10, NO2, SO2, O3, As, Cd, Ni and Pb concentrations were analyzed by a Principal Component Analysis (PCA) to reveal major local emission sources of PM10 metal content...
July 28, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767514/interrelationships-between-walkability-air-pollution-greenness-and-body-mass-index
#9
Peter James, Marianthi-Anna Kioumourtzoglou, Jaime E Hart, Rachel F Banay, Itai Kloog, Francine Laden
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have linked urban environmental factors and body mass index (BMI); however, such factors are often examined in isolation, ignoring correlations across exposures. METHODS: Using data on Nurses' Health Study participants living in the Northeastern United States in 2006, we estimated associations between neighborhood walkability (a composite of population density, street connectivity, and business access), greenness (from satellite imagery), and ambient air pollution (from satellite-based spatiotemporally resolved PM2...
July 31, 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763936/effect-modification-of-the-association-between-temperature-variability-and-daily-cardiovascular-mortality-by-air-pollutants-in-three-chinese-cities
#10
Kai Luo, Runkui Li, Zongshuang Wang, Ruiming Zhang, Qun Xu
There is limited evidence showing the mortality effects of temperature variability (TV) on cardiovascular diseases. The joint effects between TV and air pollutants are also less well-established. This study aims to assess the effect modification of TV-cardiovascular mortality by air pollutants in three Chinese cities (Beijing, Nanjing and Chengdu). Data of daily mortality, air pollutants and meteorological factors from 2008 to 2011 was collected from each city. TV was calculated as the standard deviation of daily maximum and minimum temperatures over exposure days...
July 25, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763933/short-term-association-between-ambient-air-pollution-and-pneumonia-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-time-series-and-case-crossover-studies
#11
REVIEW
Nguyen Thi Trang Nhung, Heresh Amini, Christian Schindler, Meltem Kutlar Joss, Tran Minh Dien, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Laura Perez, Nino Künzli
Ambient air pollution has been associated with respiratory diseases in children. However, its effects on pediatric pneumonia have not been meta-analyzed. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the short-term association between ambient air pollution and hospitalization of children due to pneumonia. We searched the Web of Science and PubMed for indexed publications up to January 2017. Pollutant-specific excess risk percentage (ER%) and confidence intervals (CI) were estimated using random effect models for particulate matter (PM) with diameter ≤ 10 (PM10) and ≤2...
July 25, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763732/exposure-to-air-pollution-and-noise-from-road-traffic-and-risk-of-congenital-anomalies-in-the-danish-national-birth-cohort
#12
Marie Pedersen, Ester Garne, Nete Hansen-Nord, Dorrit Hjortebjerg, Matthias Ketzel, Ole Raaschou-Nielsen, Anne-Marie Nybo Andersen, Mette Sørensen
BACKGROUND: Ambient air pollution has been associated with certain congenital anomalies, but few studies rely on assessment of fine-scale variation in air quality and associations with noise from road traffic are unexplored. METHODS: Among 84,218 liveborn singletons (1997-2002) from the Danish National Birth Cohort with complete covariate data and residential address history from conception until birth, we identified major congenital anomalies in 4018 children. Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and noise from road traffic (Lden) burden during fetal life was modeled...
July 29, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760525/using-daily-excessive-concentration-hours-to-explore-the-short-term-mortality-effects-of-ambient-pm2-5-in-hong-kong
#13
Hualiang Lin, Wenjun Ma, Hong Qiu, Xiaojie Wang, Edwin Trevathan, Zhenjiang Yao, Guang-Hui Dong, Michael G Vaughn, Zhengmin Qian, Linwei Tian
We developed a novel indicator, daily excessive concentration hours (DECH), to explore the acute mortality impacts of ambient fine particulate matter pollution (PM2.5) in Hong Kong. The DECH of PM2.5 was calculated as daily concentration-hours >25 μg/m(3). We applied a generalized additive models to quantify the association between DECH and mortality with adjustment for potential confounders. The results showed that the DECH was significantly associated with mortality. The excess mortality risk for an interquartile range (565 μg/m(3)*hours) increase in DECH of PM2...
July 28, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754128/does-air-pollution-play-a-role-in-infertility-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Julie Carré, Nicolas Gatimel, Jessika Moreau, Jean Parinaud, Roger Léandri
BACKGROUND: Air pollution is involved in many pathologies. These pollutants act through several mechanisms that can affect numerous physiological functions, including reproduction: as endocrine disruptors or reactive oxygen species inducers, and through the formation of DNA adducts and/or epigenetic modifications. We conducted a systematic review of the published literature on the impact of air pollution on reproductive function. Eligible studies were selected from an electronic literature search from the PUBMED database from January 2000 to February 2016 and associated references in published studies...
July 28, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753900/short-term-effects-of-ambient-air-pollution-on-emergency-room-admissions-due-to-cardiovascular-causes-in-beijing-china
#15
Yuxia Ma, Yuxin Zhao, Sixu Yang, Jianding Zhou, Jinyuan Xin, Shigong Wang, Dandan Yang
Ambient air pollution has been a major global public health issue. A number of studies have shown various adverse effects of ambient air pollution on cardiovascular diseases. In the current study, we investigated the short-term effects of ambient air pollution on emergency room (ER) admissions due to cardiovascular causes in Beijing from 2009 to 2012 using a time-series analysis. A total of 82430 ER cardiovascular admissions were recorded. Different gender (male and female) and age groups (15yrs ≤ age <65 yrs and age ≥ 65 yrs) were also examined by single model and multiple-pollutant model...
July 24, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753823/is-there-an-association-between-ambient-air-pollution-and-bladder-cancer-incidence-analysis-of-15-european-cohorts
#16
Marie Pedersen, Massimo Stafoggia, Gudrun Weinmayr, Zorana J Andersen, Claudia Galassi, Johan Sommar, Bertil Forsberg, David Olsson, Bente Oftedal, Norun H Krog, Geir Aamodt, Andrei Pyko, Göran Pershagen, Michal Korek, Ulf De Faire, Nancy L Pedersen, Claes-Göran Östenson, Laura Fratiglioni, Mette Sørensen, Kirsten T Eriksen, Anne Tjønneland, Petra H Peeters, Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Roel Vermeulen, Marloes Eeftens, Michelle Plusquin, Timothy J Key, Andrea Jaensch, Gabriele Nagel, Hans Concin, Meng Wang, Ming-Yi Tsai, Sara Grioni, Alessandro Marcon, Vittorio Krogh, Fulvio Ricceri, Carlotta Sacerdote, Andrea Ranzi, Giulia Cesaroni, Francesco Forastiere, Ibon Tamayo, Pilar Amiano, Miren Dorronsoro, Leslie T Stayner, Manolis Kogevinas, Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen, Ranjeet Sokhi, Kees de Hoogh, Rob Beelen, Paolo Vineis, Bert Brunekreef, Gerard Hoek, Ole Raaschou-Nielsen
BACKGROUND: Ambient air pollution contains low concentrations of carcinogens implicated in the etiology of urinary bladder cancer (BC). Little is known about whether exposure to air pollution influences BC in the general population. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and BC incidence. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We obtained data from 15 population-based cohorts enrolled between 1985 and 2005 in eight European countries (N=303431; mean follow-up 14...
November 26, 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753483/maternal-exposure-to-ambient-air-pollution-and-fetal-growth-in-north-east-scotland-a-population-based-study-using-routine-ultrasound-scans
#17
Tom Clemens, Steve Turner, Chris Dibben
BACKGROUND: Maternal ambient air pollution exposure is associated with reduced birthweight. Few studies have examined the effect on growth in utero and none have examined the effect of exposure to particulates less than 2.5µm (PM2.5) and possible effect modification by smoking status. OBJECTIVES: Examine the effect of maternal exposure to ambient concentrations of PM10, PM2.5 and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) for in utero fetal growth, size at birth and effect modification by smoking status...
July 25, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746162/lung-cancer-and-annual-mean-exposure-to-outdoor-air-pollution-in-crete-greece
#18
Dimitra Sifaki-Pistolla, Christos Lionis, Filippos Koinis, Vassilis Georgoulias, Nikos Tzanakis
The increasing burden of lung cancer (LC) in Crete, Greece, has raised certain concerns about the potential association of environmental risk factors with LC. The aim of this study was to assess outdoor air pollution (OAP) and the risk for LC mortality for the first time in Crete using LC primary data. 5057 LC cases (diagnosed from 1992 to 2013) were obtained from the Cancer Registry of Crete (http://www.crc.uoc.gr) and followed up until 2014. The age-standardized incidence and mortality rates (ASIR) were calculated...
July 25, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732305/association-between-gaseous-air-pollutants-and-inflammatory-hemostatic-and-lipid-markers-in-a-cohort-of-midlife-women
#19
Xiangmei May Wu, Rupa Basu, Brian Malig, Rachel Broadwin, Keita Ebisu, Ellen B Gold, Lihong Qi, Carol Derby, Rochelle S Green
BACKGROUND: Exposures to ambient gaseous pollutants have been linked to cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), but the biological mechanisms remain uncertain. OBJECTIVES: This study examined the changes in CVD marker levels resulting from elevated exposure to ambient gaseous pollutants in midlife women. METHODS: Annual repeated measurements of several inflammatory, hemostatic and lipid makers were obtained from 2306 midlife women enrolled in the longitudinal Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN) between 1999 and 2004...
July 18, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732014/association-of-time-serial-changes-in-ambient-particulate-matters-pms-with-respiratory-emergency-cases-in-taipei-s-wenshan-district
#20
Jer-Hwa Chang, Shih-Chang Hsu, Kuan-Jen Bai, Shau-Ku Huang, Chin-Wang Hsu
Ambient air pollution poses a significant risk for a group of common and often debilitating respiratory diseases, but its direct impact on cause-specific respiratory diseases using emergency room visit (ERV) as an indicator remains to be fully explored. In this study, we conducted a time-series study of ambient PM2.5, NO2, SO2 and their association with ERV for asthma, COPD and pneumonia in a four-year time span. Relative risks for ERV as per log increase in the level of ambient pollutants with time lags of up to 10 days were calculated, using a generalized additive model of Poisson regression...
2017: PloS One
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