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Breech presentation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885579/an-integrated-assessment-of-pollution-and-biological-effects-in-flounder-mussels-and-sediment-in-the-southern-baltic-sea-coastal-area
#1
Henryka Dabrowska, Orest Kopko, Kari K Lehtonen, Thomas Lang, Ilona Waszak, Maija Balode, Evita Strode
Organic and metal contaminants and biological effects were investigated in flounder, mussels, and sediments in the southern Baltic Sea coastal area in order to assess environmental quality status in that area. Four sites were selected, including two within the Gulf of Gdańsk (GoG). In biota and sediment at each site, DDTs dominated over PCBs and PBDEs were the least abundant among organic contaminants. Their concentrations decreased progressively outward from GoG. Among metal contaminants, the levels of Hg, Pb, and Cd were elevated in GoG...
November 24, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866823/relative-risk-and-incidence-for-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip
#2
Virginie Pollet, Vanessa Percy, Heather J Prior
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence and associated risk factors of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) in a modern population without universal screening. STUDY DESIGN: Children with DDH were identified from the Manitoba Centre for Health Policy's Data Repository by the use of International Classification of Diseases diagnosis codes as well as physician billing tariffs for surgical procedures for DDH for all children born between 1995 and 2012. To identify the outpatient-treated patients, ultrasound scans and radiographic imaging for DDH were reviewed for 2004-2012...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866316/epidemiology-of-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-within-the-uk-refining-the-risk-factors
#3
Timothy Woodacre, Thomas Ball, Peter Cox
PURPOSE: The epidemiology and risk factors for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) are still being refined. We investigated the local epidemiology of DDH in order to define incidence, identify risk factors, and refine our policy on selective ultrasound screening. METHODS: With a cohort study design, data were prospectively recorded on all live births in our region from January 1998 to December 2008. We compared data on babies treated for DDH with data for all other children...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836377/-prevention-of-spontaneous-preterm-birth-excluding-preterm-premature-rupture-of-membranes-guidelines-for-clinical-practice%C3%A2-%C3%A2-text-of-the-guidelines-short-text
#4
L Sentilhes, M-V Sénat, P-Y Ancel, E Azria, G Benoist, J Blanc, G Brabant, F Bretelle, S Brun, M Doret, C Ducroux-Schouwey, A Evrard, G Kayem, E Maisonneuve, L Marcellin, S Marret, N Mottet, S Paysant, D Riethmuller, P Rozenberg, T Schmitz, H Torchin, B Langer
OBJECTIVES: To determine the measures to prevent spontaneous preterm birth (excluding preterm premature rupture of membranes)and its consequences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The PubMed database, the Cochrane Library and the recommendations from the French and foreign obstetrical societies or colleges have been consulted. RESULTS: In France, premature birth concerns 60,000 neonates every year (7.4 %), half of them are delivered after spontaneous onset of labor...
November 8, 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821084/breech-delivery-at-a-university-hospital-in-tanzania
#5
Ulf Högberg, Catrin Claeson, Lone Krebs, Agneta Skoog Svanberg, Hussein Kidanto
BACKGROUND: There is a global increase in rates of Cesarean delivery (CD). A minor factor in this increase is a shift towards CD for breech presentation. The aim of this study was to analyze breech births by mode of delivery and investigate short-term fetal and maternal outcomes in a low-income setting. METHODS: The study design was cross-sectional and the setting was Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH), Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania. Subjects were drawn from a clinical database (1999-2010) using the following inclusion criteria: breech presentation, birth weight ≥ 2,500 g, single pregnancy, fetal heart sound at admission, and absence of pregnancy-related complication as indication for CD...
November 8, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805280/iodine-deficiency-amongst-pregnant-women-in-south-west-england
#6
Bridget A Knight, Beverley M Shields, Xuemei He, Elizabeth N Pearce, Lewis E Braverman, Rachel Sturley, Bijay Vaidya
INTRODUCTION: Iodine deficiency in pregnancy may impair foetal neurological development. The UK population is generally thought to be iodine sufficient; however, recent studies have questioned this assumption. Our study aimed to explore the prevalence of iodine deficiency in a cohort of pregnant mothers from South-West England. METHODS: Urine samples were obtained from 308 women participating in a study of breech presentation in late pregnancy. They had no known thyroid disease and a singleton pregnancy at 36-38 weeks' gestation...
November 2, 2016: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780155/the-importance-of-clinically-and-ethically-fine-tuning-decision-making-about-cesarean-delivery
#7
Michelle T Nguyen, Laurence B McCullough, Frank A Chervenak
In obstetric practice, each pregnant woman presents with a composite of maternal and fetal characteristics that can alter the risk of significant harm without cesarean intervention. The hospital's availability of resources and the obstetrician's training, experience, and skill level can also alter the risk of significant harm without cesarean intervention. This paper proposes a clinical ethical framework that takes these clinical and organizational factors into account, to promote a deliberative rather than simplistic approach to decision-making and counseling about cesarean delivery...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776847/-mode-of-delivery-in-spontaneous-preterm-birth
#8
N Mottet, D Riethmuller
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the benefit/risk balance of way of birth according to fetal presentation, to assess monitoring during preterm labor, to discuss method of delivery and practice of delayed cord clamping in case of spontaneous preterm birth. METHODS: Bibliographic research from the Pubmed database and recommendations issued by the main scientific societies, and assignment of a level of evidence and a recommendation grade. RESULTS: In case of vertex presentation, no studies suggest that cesarean section improve neonatal outcome during spontaneous preterm birth (LE4)...
October 21, 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769196/cardiotocography-in-breech-versus-vertex-delivery-an-examiner-blinded-cross-sectional-nested-case-control-study
#9
Elli Toivonen, Outi Palomäki, Heini Huhtala, Jukka Uotila
BACKGROUND: The safety of vaginal breech delivery has been debated for decades. Although it has been shown to predispose infants to immediate depression, several observational studies have also shown that attempting vaginal breech delivery does not increase perinatal morbidity or low Apgar score at the age of five minutes. Cardiotocography monitoring is recommended during vaginal breech delivery, but comparative data describing differences between cardiotocography tracings in breech and vertex deliveries is scarce...
October 21, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761220/targeted-screening-of-hip-dysplasia-in-newborns-experience-at-a-district-general-hospital-in-scotland
#10
Rahul Tyagi, Marcin R Zgoda, Rachel Short
National Health Service Quality Improvement Scotland (NHS QIS) published a health technology scoping report in 2006 acknowledging that there are serious concerns within Scotland in relation to Developmental Dysplasia of Hip (DDH) as there is no formal screening program in place and there are significant variations between NHS boards leading to confusion for staff and parents. NHS QIS identified need for audit work to improve hip screening in Scotland. The aim of this study is review of current practice of selective screening for DDH...
September 19, 2016: Orthopedic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748525/contribution-of-changing-risk-factors-to-the-trend-in-breech-presentation-at-term
#11
Yu Sun Bin, Christine L Roberts, Michael C Nicholl, Natasha Nassar, Jane B Ford
BACKGROUND: Recent population-wide changes in perinatal risk factors may affect rates of breech presentation at birth, and have implications for the provision of breech services and training in breech management. AIMS: To investigate whether changes in maternal and pregnancy characteristics explain the observed trend in breech presentation at term. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All singleton term (≥37 week) births in New South Wales during 2002-2012 were identified through birth and associated hospital records...
December 2016: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718774/external-cephalic-version-in-premature-rupture-of-membranes-a-systematic-review
#12
Johanna Quist-Nelson, Kathryn Landers, Rebekah McCurdy, Vincenzo Berghella
BACKGROUND: External cephalic version (ECV) increases the likelihood of a vaginal delivery in patients with breech presentation. Our objective was to determine the rate of cephalic vaginal delivery in women undergoing ECV after PROM. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of all case reports, case series, and clinical trials of patients undergoing an ECV after PROM ≥ 24 weeks. Maternal demographics and outcome data were obtained. The primary outcome was rate of cephalic vaginal delivery...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706475/association-of-perinatal-risk-factors-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-population-based-birth-cohort-sibling-control-study
#13
Gustaf Brander, Mina Rydell, Ralf Kuja-Halkola, Lorena Fernández de la Cruz, Paul Lichtenstein, Eva Serlachius, Christian Rück, Catarina Almqvist, Brian M D'Onofrio, Henrik Larsson, David Mataix-Cols
Importance: Perinatal complications may increase the risk of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Previous reports were based on small, retrospective, specialist clinic-based studies that were unable to rigorously control for unmeasured environmental and genetic confounding. Objective: To prospectively investigate a wide range of potential perinatal risk factors for OCD, controlling for unmeasured factors shared between siblings in the analyses. Design, Setting, and Participants: This population-based birth cohort study included all 2 421 284 children from singleton births in Sweden from January 1, 1973, to December 31, 1996, who were followed up through December 31, 2013...
October 5, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687460/survey-of-external-cephalic-version-for-breech-presentation-and-neuraxial-blockade-use
#14
Carolyn F Weiniger, Pervez Sultan, Ashley Dunn, Brendan Carvalho
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Neuraxial blockade may increase external cephalic version (ECV) success rates. This survey aimed to assess the frequency and characteristics of neuraxial blockade used to facilitate ECV. SETTING AND DESIGN: We surveyed Society for Obstetric Anesthesia and Perinatology members regarding ECV practice using a 15-item survey developed by 3 obstetric anesthesiologists and tested for face validity. The survey was e-mailed in January 2015 and again in February 2015 to the 1056 Society of Obstetric Anesthesiology and Perinatology members...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668111/florid-cystic-endosalpingiosis-m%C3%A3-llerianosis-in-pregnancy
#15
José Morales-Roselló, Loida Pamplona-Bueno, Beatriz Montero-Balaguer, Domingo Desantes-Real, Alfredo Perales-Marín
Cystic endosalpingiosis refers to the existence of heterotopic cystic müllerian tissue resembling structures of the fallopian tubes. We report a case of florid cystic endosalpingiosis discovered in a pregnant woman during a scheduled cesarean section and review the current knowledge of this disease. A 30-year-old woman with a twin pregnancy attended the hospital day unit at term. The first twin was in a breech presentation and a cesarean section was scheduled. During the procedure the uterine fundus and part of the body were seen completely seeded with multitude of cyst-like structures resembling hydatids of Morgagni...
2016: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646468/ep19-12-doppler-investigation-of-the-blood-flow-in-fetal-bain-in-breech-presentation
#16
I V Ignatko
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624629/the-efficacy-and-safety-of-external-cephalic-version-after-a-previous-caesarean-delivery
#17
Yishay Weill, Raphael N Pollack
BACKGROUND: External cephalic version (ECV) in the presence of a uterine scar is still considered a relative contraindication despite encouraging studies of the efficacy and safety of this procedure. We present our experience with this patient population, which is the largest cohort published to date. AIMS: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of ECV in the setting of a prior caesarean delivery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 158 patients with a fetus presenting as breech, who had an unscarred uterus, had an ECV performed...
September 14, 2016: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591713/trends-in-the-delivery-route-of-twin-pregnancies-in-the-united-states-2006-2013
#18
Zhoobin H Bateni, Steven L Clark, Haleh Sangi-Haghpeykar, Kjersti M Aagaard, Yair J Blumenfeld, Susan M Ramin, Henry C Lee, Karin A Fox, Amirhossein Moaddab, Amir A Shamshirsaz, Bahram Salmanian, Pardis Hosseinzadeh, Diana A Racusin, Hadi Erfani, Jimmy Espinoza, Gary A Dildy, Michael A Belfort, Alireza A Shamshirsaz
OBJECTIVES: To determine the trends of cesarean delivery rate among twin pregnancies from 2006 to 2013. STUDY DESIGN: This is a population-based, cross-sectional analysis of twin live births from United State birth data files of the National Center for Health Statistics for calendar years 2006 through 2013. We stratified the population based on the gestational age groups, maternal race/ethnicity, advanced maternal age (AMA) which was defined by age more than 35 years and within the standard birth weight groups (group 1: birth weight 500-1499g, group 2: birth weight 1500-2499g and group 3: birth weight >2500g)...
October 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571458/brief-report-cesarean-delivery-and-subsequent-fecundability
#19
Rose G Radin, Ellen M Mikkelsen, Kenneth J Rothman, Elizabeth E Hatch, Henrik T Sorensen, Anders H Riis, Wendy Kuohung, Lauren A Wise
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that cesarean delivery is associated with fewer subsequent births relative to vaginal delivery, but it is unclear whether confounding by pregnancy intention or indication for surgery explained these results. We evaluated the association between cesarean delivery and subsequent fecundability among 910 primiparous women after singleton live birth. METHODS: In a cohort of Danish women planning pregnancy (2007-2012), obstetrical history was obtained via registry linkage; time-to-pregnancy and covariate data were collected via questionnaire...
November 2016: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561416/this-baby-is-not-for-turning-women-s-experiences-of-attempted-external-cephalic-version
#20
N P Watts, K Petrovska, A Bisits, C Catling, C S E Homer
BACKGROUND: Existing studies regarding women's experiences surrounding an External Cephalic Version (ECV) report on women who have a persistent breech post ECV and give birth by caesarean section, or on women who had successful ECVs and plan for a vaginal birth. There is a paucity of understanding about the experience of women who attempt an ECV then plan a vaginal breech birth when their baby remains breech. The aim of this study was to examine women's experience of an ECV which resulted in a persistent breech presentation...
2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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