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Breech presentation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806537/effect-of-oral-hydration-on-external-cephalic-version-at-term
#1
Virna Franca Zobbi, Antonella Nespoli, Elisa Spreafico, Roberta Recalcati, Federica Loi, Antonietta Scian, Stefania Galimberti
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of oral hydration on the success rate of external cephalic version (ECV). DESIGN: Randomized controlled and single-blind trial. SETTING: Academic tertiary hospital with approximately 3,000 births annually. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred sixty-four women at a gestational age of at least 37 weeks with breech-presenting fetuses and normal amniotic fluid indexes (AFIs). METHODS: Participants were randomly assigned to drink 2000 ml or no more than 100 ml of water in the 2 hours before undergoing ECV...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806199/does-late-hip-dysplasia-occur-after-normal-ultrasound-screening-in-breech-babies
#2
Andrew R Morris, Joanna M C Thomas, Isabel C Reading, Nicholas M P Clarke
BACKGROUND: Recent literature has raised concern regarding the occurrence of late dysplasia after normal screening in breech babies. One paper states a late dysplasia incidence of 29%. This finding is in contrast with other published work, which suggests breech presentation is predictive of spontaneous stabilization of the unstable neonatal hip. We decided to identify the rate of late dysplasia after normal screening in our patient cohort and also to investigate the use of a prophylactic abduction diaper...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780214/labour-outcomes-after-successful-external-cephalic-version-compared-with-spontaneous-cephalic-version
#3
Samantha Krueger, Julia Simioni, Lauren E Griffith, Eileen K Hutton
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to compare obstetrical outcomes for women with a cephalic presentation at birth resulting from successful external cephalic version (ECV) compared to those resulting from spontaneous cephalic version (SCV). METHODS: Secondary analysis was performed on Early External Cephalic Version Trial data. A total of 931 study participants had breech presentations between 34 and 36 weeks' gestation and cephalic presentations at birth. The incidence of intrapartum interventions was compared between patients with successful ECV (557) and those with SCV (374)...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770411/effect-of-iodine-nutrition-on-pregnancy-outcomes-in-an-iodine-sufficient-area-in-china
#4
Yue Xiao, Huakun Sun, Chenyan Li, Yongze Li, Shiqiao Peng, Chenling Fan, Weiping Teng, Zhongyan Shan
Many studies focused on the association between thyroid disease and pregnancy outcomes. The present study explored the effect of iodine nutrition during the first trimester on pregnancy outcomes. One thousand five hundred sixty-nine pregnant, euthyroid women at ≤12 weeks of gestation in an iodine-sufficient area in China were recruited. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria for iodine nutrition during pregnancy, participants were divided into four groups: adequate iodine (median urinary iodine concentration (UIC), 150-249 μg/L), mild deficiency (UIC, 100-150 μg/L), moderate and severe deficiency (UIC, <100 μg/L), and more than adequate and excessive (UIC, ≥250 μg/L) groups...
August 2, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760068/a-novel-and-dedicated-multidisciplinary-service-to-manage-breech-presentation-at-term-3-years-of-experience-in-a-tertiary-care-maternity-unit
#5
Patrick Hickland, Phyl Gargan, Jacquie Simpson, Niamh McCabe, Janitha Costa
OBJECTIVE: In order to provide uniform and unbiased multidisciplinary counselling on the options available, including vaginal breech delivery (VBD) and external cephalic version (ECV), the latter of which could then be performed, a weekly Breech Clinic was introduced to a tertiary care maternity unit in Northern Ireland in June 2013, replacing the traditional ECV Clinic introduced in June 2012. METHODS: Retrospective data collection was undertaken using clinic proformas, Northern Ireland Maternity System data and case notes of women who attended the clinics (ECV and Breech) from June 2012 to May 2015...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757760/comparison-of-apgar-scores-in-breech-presentations-between-vaginal-and-cesarean-delivery
#6
Jonny Karunia Fajar, Mohd Andalas, Harapan Harapan
OBJECTIVE: The mode of delivery in breech presentation (BP) is controversial. Several studies have reported the advantages and disadvantages of delivery mode in BP. The aim of this study was to compare the Apgar scores in BPs between vaginal and cesarean delivery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted at Dr. Zainoel Abidin General Hospital from January 2010 to December 2012. Data on the mode of delivery and Apgar scores at 1 and 5 min for infants with a BP were extracted from the medical records...
January 2017: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757656/can-the-rate-of-c-sections-performed-in-a-level-i-perinatal-center-be-reduced-an-analysis-of-the-university-gynecology-clinic-rostock-2008%C3%A2-%C3%A2-2014
#7
Nele Genuttis, Michael Bolz, Volker Briese
INTRODUCTION: In Germany the rate of deliveries by cesarean section is continually increasing. Many different reasons have been put forward to explain this trend. The aim of this study was to examine how the C-section rate developed at the University Gynecology Clinic Rostock, one of the biggest maternity hospitals and level I perinatal centers in Germany, based on various maternal and neonatal parameters. The aim was also to identify potential risk factors for C-sections. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Various obstetric parameters were obtained from the birth cohort (2008 to 2014; n = 20 091) of the University Gynecology Clinic Rostock...
July 2017: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747173/uptake-of-external-cephalic-version-for-term-breech-presentation-an-australian-population-study-2002-2012
#8
Yu Sun Bin, Christine L Roberts, Michael C Nicholl, Jane B Ford
BACKGROUND: The safety, efficacy, and cost-effectiveness of external cephalic version (ECV) for term breech presentation has been demonstrated. Clinical guidelines recommend ECV for all eligible women, but the uptake of this procedure in the Australian healthcare setting is unknown. This study aimed to describe ECV uptake in New South Wales, the most populous state of Australia, during 2002 to 2012. METHODS: Data from routine hospital and birth records were used to identify ECVs conducted at ≥36 weeks' gestation...
July 26, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723831/effect-of-intrathecal-bupivacaine-dose-on-the-success-of-external-cephalic-version-for-breech-presentation-a-prospective-randomized-blinded-clinical-trial
#9
Laurie A Chalifoux, Jeanette R Bauchat, Nicole Higgins, Paloma Toledo, Feyce M Peralta, Jason Farrer, Susan E Gerber, Robert J McCarthy, John T Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Breech presentation is a leading cause of cesarean delivery. The use of neuraxial anesthesia increases the success rate of external cephalic version procedures for breech presentation and reduces cesarean delivery rates for fetal malpresentation. Meta-analysis suggests that higher-dose neuraxial techniques increase external cephalic version success to a greater extent than lower-dose techniques, but no randomized study has evaluated the dose-response effect. We hypothesized that increasing the intrathecal bupivacaine dose would be associated with increased external cephalic version success...
July 19, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717864/diagnosing-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-using-the-graf-ultrasound-method-risk-and-protective-factor-analysis-in-11-820-universally-screened-newborns
#10
Mohammad Schams, Rob Labruyère, Anne Zuse, Mikolaj Walensi
The essential role of ultrasound examinations in diagnosis and treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is widely accepted while the weighting and correlation of protective factors and perinatal risk for DDH still give rise to debate. Our aim was to investigate the impact of single and twofold combined risk and protective factors on the newborns' hip maturity, assessed with the Graf ultrasound method. Therefore, data sets of 11,820 universally screened newborns were analyzed. Univariate and logistic regression analyses were performed to correlate risk and protective factors with mature or immature but appropriate for age and pathologic hip types...
July 17, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703897/media-representations-of-breech-birth-a-prospective-analysis-of-web-based-news-reports
#11
Karolina Petrovska, Athena Sheehan, Caroline S E Homer
INTRODUCTION: Recent research has demonstrated that the media presentation of childbirth is highly medicalized, often portraying birth as risky and dramatic. Media representation of breech presentation and birth is unexplored in this context. This study aimed to explore the content and tone of news media reports relating to breech presentation and breech birth. METHODS: Google alerts were created using the terms breech and breech birth in online English-language news sites over a 3-year period from January 1, 2013, to December 31, 2015...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684651/secular-trends-in-caesarean-section-rates-over-20-years-in-a-regional-obstetric-unit-in-hong-kong
#12
W H Chung, C W Kong, W Wk To
INTRODUCTION: Although caesarean section rates have been increasing over the years in both public and private sectors in Hong Kong, there has been a paucity of formal surveys on local trends in such rates. This study aimed to examine the trends in caesarean section rates over a 20-year period at a public regional obstetric unit in Hong Kong using the Robson's Ten-group Classification System. METHODS: All deliveries in a single obstetric unit during a 20-year period (1995-2014) were classified into 10 subgroups according to the Robson's classification...
July 7, 2017: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672751/sonographic-prediction-of-small-and-large-for-gestational-age-in-breech-presenting-fetuses
#13
Anat Shmueli, Amir Aviram, Ron Bardin, Kinneret Tenenbaum-Gavish, Arnon Wiznitzer, Rony Chen, Rinat Gabbay-Benziv
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate various sonographic estimated fetal weight (sEFW) formulas' accuracy for small- and large-for-gestational age (SGA/LGA) prediction in breech-presenting fetuses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all ultrasound-based fetal biometrical measurements performed within 3 days of delivery in term pregnancies, in one medical center (2007-2014). Overall, 274 breech-presenting fetuses (study group) were compared to 274 vertex-presenting fetuses (control group) matched by gender, gestational age and birth weight...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664740/the-impact-of-physiological-peripartal-stress-on-the-lifelong-health-of-newborn
#14
J Hederlingova, P Psenkova, J Zahumensky
In the last decades the exponential increase in frequency of Caesarean sections is being observed. At the same time, there is growing amount of epidemiologic data showing higher lifetime risk of incidence of several diseases in offspring who do not experience natural labour. These findings lead to investigation of mechanisms which are responsible for maladaptation of several organ systems. Authors of this article describe these mechanisms, focusing especially on epigenetic programming, production of microbiome and positive effect of peripartal stress on successful beginning of extrauterine life...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630830/bilateral-humerus-and-right-femur-fracture-in-a-newborn-after-cesarean-section-for-breech-presentation-in-a-twin-pregnancy-a-very-rare-case-report
#15
P Rahul, Amit Rakesh Grover, S M Ajoy
INTRODUCTION: The most common fractures during vaginal delivery occur in the clavicle, humerus, and femur. Cesarean section reduces the chances of a child having a birth injury. However, in some difficult extractions, long bone fractures may occur. Cesarean section further reduces the incidence of birth injuries, especially in a breech delivery. Maneuvers employed during cesarean section, energetic traction, improper uterine incisions, and contracted uterus may cause these injuries. In the medical literature, there are few articles highlighting the occurrence of long bone fractures during cesarean section...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616222/a-case-report-of-an-unusual-cause-of-postoperative-leg-pain-after-posterior-lumbar-fusion
#16
R Daureeawoo, S Baliga, W Mohahmed, E B Ahmed
We report the case of a 36-year old man who underwent elective posterior lumbar spinal fusion after presenting with bilateral leg pain with associated back pain. He had undergone a L5/S1 discectomy in 2001, which provided good symptomatic relief. On this admission, he underwent elective L4-S1 posterolateral fusion and bilateral L4/5 and L5/S1 decompression. Intra-operatively a pedicle screw had to be re-inserted after fluoroscopy confirmed a lateral breech. The patient had no major postoperative complications until the sixth day when the patient re-presented with acute leg pain and weakness...
July 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600050/labor-induction-just-after-external-cephalic-version-with-epidural-analgesia-at-term
#17
Marcos J Cuerva, Carlos S Piñel, Javier Caceres, Jose A Espinosa
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the benefits of external cephalic version (ECV) with epidural analgesia at term and labor induction just after the procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective observational study with patients who did not want trying a breech vaginal delivery and decided trying an ECV with epidural analgesia at term and wanted labor induction or cesarean section after the procedure. We present the results of 40 ECV with epidural analgesia at term and labor induction or cesarean section just after the ECV...
June 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528277/determining-the-number-of-test-fires-needed-to-represent-the-variability-present-within-9mm-luger-firearms
#18
Eric F Law, Keith B Morris, Casey M Jelsema
Many studies have been performed in recent years in the field of firearm examination with the goal of providing an objective method for comparisons of fired cartridge cases. No published research to support the number of test fires needed to represent the variability present within the impressions left on a cartridge case could be found. When a suspect firearm is submitted to a firearm examiner, typically two to four test fires are performed. The recovered cartridge cases are compared to each other to determine which characteristics from the firearm are reproducing, and then compared to any cartridge cases collected at a crime scene...
May 3, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512470/predictors-of-cephalic-vaginal-delivery-following-external-cephalic-version-an-eight-year-single-centre-study-of-447-cases
#19
Natalie Kew, Jacobus DuPlessis, Domenic La Paglia, Katherine Williams
Introduction. Our study aims to investigate and evaluate (1) rates of success of ECV for breech presentation at term at the Royal Women's Hospital in comparison to international standards; (2) mode of delivery following ECV; (3) factors influencing success rates of ECV at the Royal Women's Hospital. Methods. An audit of all women who underwent ECV between the years 2007 and 2014 at the Royal Women's Hospital as public patients was completed. Data parameters were collected from paper and electronic patient files at the Women's Hospital...
2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481464/finding-the-breech-influence-of-breech-presentation-on-mode-of-delivery-based-on-timing-of-diagnosis-attempt-at-external-cephalic-version-and-provider-success-with-version
#20
Suzanne Andrews, Lawrence Leeman, Nicole Yonke
BACKGROUND: Breech presentation affects 3-4% of pregnancies at term and malpresentation is the primary indication for 10-15% of cesarean deliveries. External cephalic version is an effective intervention that can decrease the need for cesarean delivery; however, timely identification of breech presentation is required. We hypothesized that women with a fetus in a breech presentation that is diagnosed after 38 weeks' estimated gestational age have a decreased likelihood of external cephalic version attempted and an increased likelihood of cesarean delivery...
May 8, 2017: Birth
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