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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550766/gender-differences-in-quality-of-life-and-functional-disability-for-depression-outpatients-with-or-without-residual-symptoms-after-acute-phase-treatment-in-china
#1
Na Zhao, Xiaohong Wang, Wenyuan Wu, Yongdong Hu, Yajuan Niu, Xueyi Wang, Chengge Gao, Ning Zhang, Yiru Fang, Jizhong Huang, Tiebang Liu, Fujun Jia, Xuequan Zhu, Jian Hu, Gang Wang
BACKGROUND: Depression is associated with substantial personal suffering and reduced quality of life and functioning. The aim of this study was to investigate gender differences on quality of life and functional impairment of outpatients with depression after acute phase treatment. METHODS: 1503 depression outpatients were recruited from eleven hospitals in China. Subjects were evaluated with sociodemographic characteristics, history and self-report instruments, related to severity of symptoms, function and quality of life...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550744/evaluation-of-a-multi-site-program-designed-to-strengthen-relational-bonds-for-siblings-separated-by-foster-care
#2
Jeffrey Waid, Armeda Stevenson Wojciak
Sibling relationships in foster care settings have received increased attention in recent years. Despite growing evidence regarding the protective potential of sibling relationships for youth in care, some sibling groups continue to experience foster care related separation, and few programs exist to address the needs of these youth. This study describes and evaluates Camp To Belong, a multi-site program designed to provide short-term reunification to separated sibling groups through a week-long summer camp experience...
May 13, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550706/st-michael-s-improvement-program-a-collaborative-approach-to-sustainable-cost-savings
#3
Anne Trafford, Danielle Jane
In response to a challenging financial environment and increasing patient demand, St. Michael's Hospital needed to find long-term sustainable solutions to continue to provide high-quality patient care and invest in key priorities. By conducting Operational Reviews in focused areas, the hospital achieved $7.4 million of in-year savings in the first year, found standardizations, process efficiencies and direct cost savings that positioned itself for success in future funding models. Initiatives were grounded in evidence and relied heavily on the effective execution by the leadership, front-line staff and physicians...
2017: Healthcare Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550697/early-rehabilitation-for-patients-with-hip-fractures-spreading-change-across-the-system
#4
Charissa Levy, Sharon Ocampo-Chan, Linda Huestis, Donna Renzetti
Evidence suggests that patients with hip fractures should begin rehabilitation no later than six days following surgery. The reality is often far different. In an initiative led by the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) Rehab Network, acute care and rehab/complex continuing care hospitals across the GTA have implemented a new early referral process to aid transition of patients from acute care to inpatient rehabilitation as early as possible to improve their outcomes. Two of the participating acute care hospitals have now surpassed the six-day target and two others are within range...
2017: Healthcare Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550621/education-silent-abstracts
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 26, 2017: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550615/education-symposia-and-workshops
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 26, 2017: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550495/core-curriculum-illustration-acute-traumatic-aortic-injury
#7
Manuel Trevino, Shaked Laks, Noemi Brunner
This is the 34th installment of a series that will highlight one case per publication issue from the bank of cases available online as part of the American Society of Emergency Radiology (ASER) educational resources. Our goal is to generate more interest in and use of our online materials. To view more cases online, please visit the ASER Core Curriculum and Recommendations for Study online at http://www.aseronline.org/curriculum/toc.htm .
May 26, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550486/socioeconomic-inequality-of-diabetes-patients-health-care-utilization-in-denmark
#8
Camilla Sortsø, Jørgen Lauridsen, Martha Emneus, Anders Green, Peter Bjødstrup Jensen
Understanding socioeconomic inequalities in health care is critical for achieving health equity. The aim of this paper is threefold: 1) to quantify inequality in diabetes health care service utilization; 2) to understand determinants of these inequalities in relation to socio-demographic and clinical morbidity factors; and 3) to compare the empirical outcome of using income level and educational level as proxies for Socio Economic Status (SES).Data on the entire Danish population of diabetes patients in 2011 (N = 318,729) were applied...
December 2017: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550480/characteristics-associated-with-quality-of-life-among-people-with-drug-resistant-epilepsy
#9
Leone Ridsdale, Gabriella Wojewodka, Emily Robinson, Sabine Landau, Adam Noble, Stephanie Taylor, Mark Richardson, Gus Baker, Laura H Goldstein
Quality of Life (QoL) is the preferred outcome in non-pharmacological trials, but there is little UK population evidence of QoL in epilepsy. In advance of evaluating an epilepsy self-management course we aimed to describe, among UK participants, what clinical and psycho-social characteristics are associated with QoL. We recruited 404 adults attending specialist clinics, with at least two seizures in the prior year and measured their self-reported seizure frequency, co-morbidity, psychological distress, social characteristics, including self-mastery and stigma, and epilepsy-specific QoL (QOLIE-31-P)...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550462/a-case-control-study-of-the-risk-factors-for-obstetric-fistula-in-tigray-ethiopia
#10
L Lewis Wall, Shewaye Belay, Tesfahun Haregot, Jonathan Dukes, Eyoel Berhan, Melaku Abreha
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: We tested the null hypothesis that there were no differences between patients with obstetric fistula and parous controls without fistula. METHODS: A unmatched case-control study was carried out comparing 75 women with a history of obstetric fistula with 150 parous controls with no history of fistula. Height and weight were measured for each participant, along with basic socio-demographic and obstetric information. Descriptive statistics were calculated and differences between the groups were analyzed using Student's t test, Mann-Whitney U test where appropriate, and Chi-squared or Fisher's exact test, along with backward stepwise logistic regression analyses to detect predictors of obstetric fistula...
May 26, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550423/tactile-feedback-is-an-effective-instrument-for-the-training-of-grasping-with-a-prosthesis-at-low-and-medium-force-levels
#11
Alessandro Marco De Nunzio, Strahinja Dosen, Sabrina Lemling, Marko Markovic, Meike Annika Schweisfurth, Nan Ge, Bernhard Graimann, Deborah Falla, Dario Farina
Grasping is a complex task routinely performed in an anticipatory (feedforward) manner, where sensory feedback is responsible for learning and updating the internal model of grasp dynamics. This study aims at evaluating whether providing a proportional tactile force feedback during the myoelectric control of a prosthesis facilitates learning a stable internal model of the prosthesis force control. Ten able-bodied subjects controlled a sensorized myoelectric prosthesis performing four blocks of consecutive grasps at three levels of target force (30, 50, and 70%), repeatedly closing the fully opened hand...
May 26, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550378/longitudinal-modeling-of-depressive-trajectories-among-hiv-infected-men-using-cocaine
#12
Shibani Mukerji, Roxanna Haghighat, Vikas Misra, David R Lorenz, Alex Holman, Anupriya Dutta, Dana Gabuzda
Cocaine use is prevalent among HIV-infected individuals. While cross-sectional studies suggest that cocaine users may be at increased risk for depression, long-term effects of cocaine on depressive symptoms remain unclear. This is a longitudinal study of 341 HIV-infected and uninfected men (135 cocaine users and 206 controls) ages 30-60 enrolled in the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study during 1996-2009. The median baseline age was 41; 73% were African-American. In mixed-effects models over a median of 4.8 years of observation, cocaine use was associated with higher depressive symptoms independent of age, education level, and smoking (n = 288; p = 0...
May 26, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550374/performance-of-an-artificial-multi-observer-deep-neural-network-for-fully-automated-segmentation-of-polycystic-kidneys
#13
Timothy L Kline, Panagiotis Korfiatis, Marie E Edwards, Jaime D Blais, Frank S Czerwiec, Peter C Harris, Bernard F King, Vicente E Torres, Bradley J Erickson
Deep learning techniques are being rapidly applied to medical imaging tasks-from organ and lesion segmentation to tissue and tumor classification. These techniques are becoming the leading algorithmic approaches to solve inherently difficult image processing tasks. Currently, the most critical requirement for successful implementation lies in the need for relatively large datasets that can be used for training the deep learning networks. Based on our initial studies of MR imaging examinations of the kidneys of patients affected by polycystic kidney disease (PKD), we have generated a unique database of imaging data and corresponding reference standard segmentations of polycystic kidneys...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550353/health-policy-responsiveness-lessons-learned-from-maryland-and-prince-george-s-county
#14
Byron Sogie-Thomas, John Sankofa, Crystal Reed, Kweisi Mfume, Lauren Abla Doamekpor
Effective, timely, and intentional policy efforts can significantly impact and improve the public's health and reduce racial and ethnic health disparities across the nation. Creating and implementing responsive policies at the state and county level is essential to supporting community efforts to improve health behaviors and health outcomes, particularly for communities of color who bear the brunt of disease risk and negative health outcomes. Using policy examples from the State of Maryland and Prince George's County, the largest and wealthiest predominately African-American county in the USA, this case study highlights the importance of state and county policy action when presented with opportunities to affect long-lasting, positive change...
May 27, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550349/choice-of-repairing-inguinal-hernia-in-children-open-versus-laparoscopy
#15
Venkatachalam Raveenthiran, Prakash Agarwal
Inguinal hernia is a common disorder of childhood that requires surgical repair at diagnosis. Traditionally, it is operated upon by open inguinal incision. However, with the introduction of laparoscopic repair in 1990, opinion of scientific community is divided concerning the best method of pediatric herniotomy. Educated parents, who long to have the choicest of the best, often gather information from internet and prefer to discuss their concerns with primary care physicians. This descriptive review is intended to provide practicing pediatricians with updated evidence-based information which will enable them to counsel parents regarding the choice of hernia repair...
May 27, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550288/infants-learn-better-from-left-to-right-a-directional-bias-in-infants-sequence-learning
#16
Hermann Bulf, Maria Dolores de Hevia, Valeria Gariboldi, Viola Macchi Cassia
A wealth of studies show that human adults map ordered information onto a directional spatial continuum. We asked whether mapping ordinal information into a directional space constitutes an early predisposition, already functional prior to the acquisition of symbolic knowledge and language. While it is known that preverbal infants represent numerical order along a left-to-right spatial continuum, no studies have investigated yet whether infants, like adults, organize any kind of ordinal information onto a directional space...
May 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550245/amyloid-burden-in-obstructive-sleep%C3%A2-apnea
#17
Chang-Ho Yun, Ho-Young Lee, Seung Ku Lee, Hyun Kim, Hyung Suk Seo, Seong Ae Bang, Sang Eun Kim, Douglas N Greve, Rhoda Au, Chol Shin, Robert J Thomas
To test the hypothesis that excessive amyloid deposition is a biological link between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and Alzheimer's disease, we determined whether OSA increases cerebral amyloid burden, relative to controls, using Pittsburgh Compound B (PiB) PET imaging. The subjects were adult participants (age 50-65 years) from the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study. Polysomnography, brain MRI including 3D images, and a detailed neuro-cognitive function test battery were done in 2011-2012. Nineteen OSA subjects (Apnea-Hypopnea Index [AHI] ≥15/h, 21...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550129/the-editor-in-chief-of-clinical-chemistry-chats-with-the-editor-in-chief-of-nejm-group-about-aacc-learning-lab-for-laboratory-medicine-on-nejm-knowledge
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550117/comparative-exploration-of-multidimensional-flow-cytometry-software-a-model-approach-evaluating-t-cell-polyfunctional-behavior
#19
Timothy T Spear, Michael I Nishimura, Patricia E Simms
Advancement in flow cytometry reagents and instrumentation has allowed for simultaneous analysis of large numbers of lineage/functional immune cell markers. Highly complex datasets generated by polychromatic flow cytometry require proper analytical software to answer investigators' questions. A problem among many investigators and flow cytometry Shared Resource Laboratories (SRLs), including our own, is a lack of access to a flow cytometry-knowledgeable bioinformatics team, making it difficult to learn and choose appropriate analysis tool(s)...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550067/the-carrot-and-the-stick-seem-to-enhance-motor-learning-in-patients-with-stroke
#20
EDITORIAL
Robert Hardwick, Pablo Celnik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 26, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
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