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(Discourse analysis) AND (nursing education)

Claire P Valderama-Wallace
OBJECTIVE: Social inequities threaten the health of the global population. A superficial acknowledgement of social justice by nursing's foundational documents may limit the degree to which nurses view injustice as relevant to nursing practice and education. The purpose was to examine conceptualizations of social justice and connections to broader contexts in the most recent editions. DESIGN: Critical discourse analysis examines and uncovers dynamics related to power, language, and inequality within the American Nurses Association's Code of Ethics, Scope and Standards of Practice, and Social Policy Statement...
April 17, 2017: Public Health Nursing
Ahmadreza Yazdannik, Alireza Yousefy, Sepideh Mohammadi
INTRODUCTION: Understanding how academic dominant discourse is implicated in the shaping of nursing identity, professional aspirations and socialization of nursing students is useful as it can lead to strategies that promote nursing profession. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a qualitative research conducted through discourse analysis approach. Semi-structured interviews, focus group, and direct observation of undergraduate theoretical and clinical courses were used to collect the data...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
Ellinor Tengelin, Elisabeth Dahlborg-Lyckhage
This paper describes the discourses underlying nursing teachers' talk about their own norm-critical competence. Norm criticism is an approach that promotes awareness and criticism of the norms and power structures that exert an excluding effect in society in general and in the healthcare encounter in particular. Given the unequal relationships that can exist in healthcare, for example relationships shaped by racism, sexism and classism, a norm-critical approach to nursing education would help illuminate these matters...
January 2017: Nursing Inquiry
Roger Newham, Louise Terry
Background Narratives, particularly when visual and auditory elements are added to words, reveal more about cultures and behaviours, including those present in professional and service settings. Discourse analysis (DA) enables researchers to explicate meanings and understandings linking culture and behaviour. Aim To explain the development of a DA instrument and method for a research study of caring and compassion as expressed in different media. Discussion The DA instrument assisted in systematic and multi-modal data analysis by several researchers from different countries and backgrounds...
January 23, 2017: Nurse Researcher
Roger Newham, Louise Terry, Siobhan Atherley, Sinead Hahessy, Yolanda Babenko-Mould, Marilyn Evans, Karen Ferguson, Graham Carr, S H Cedar
BACKGROUND: Lack of compassion is claimed to result in poor and sometimes harmful nursing care. Developing strategies to encourage compassionate caring behaviours are important because there is evidence to suggest a connection between having a moral orientation such as compassion and resulting caring behaviour in practice. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to articulate a clearer understanding of compassionate caring via nurse educators' selection and use of published texts and film...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
Sarah Whyte, Elise Paradis, Carrie Cartmill, Ayelet Kuper, Heather Boon, Corinne Hart, Saleem Razack, Mandy Pipher, Cynthia R Whitehead
Interprofessional education (IPE) has been widely incorporated into health professional curricula and accreditation standards despite an arguably thin base of evidence regarding its clinical effects, theoretical underpinnings, and social implications. To better understand how and why IPE first took root, but failed to grow, this study examines one of the earliest documented IPE initiatives, which took place at the University of British Columbia between 1960 and 1975. We examined a subset of 110 texts (academic literature, grey literature, and unpublished records) from a larger study that uses Critical Discourse Analysis to trace the emergence of IPE in Canada...
January 3, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
Amanda de Araújo Romera, Anne Jaquelyne Roque Barrêto, Patrícia Geórgia de Oliveira Diniz Pinheiro, Karinne Dantas de Oliveira Adário, Lenilde Duarte de Sá
Objective: To analyze the discourse of nurse managers related to conditions that (dis)favor the control of tuberculosis in the elderly. Method: This study is qualitative and was held in a city considered a priority in the control of tuberculosis in Paraiba. Data collection was carried out between February and May 2014, through semi-structured interviews with eleven nurse managers. French Discourse Analysis was used the to analyze the empirical material. Results: The following discursive block was identified in the analysis: Conditions that (dis)favor the control of tuberculosis in the elderly...
December 15, 2016: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
Tonia Crawford, Peter Roger, Sally Candlin
OBJECTIVE: Patient education is an important part of nurses' roles; however the inconsistent quality of communication skills, including those of registered nurses (RNs) from culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) backgrounds, risk patient safety. Empowerment in patient education has been found to influence patients' self-efficacy and participation in decision-making. Discourse analysis of a whole interaction is used in this paper to trace the consequences of patient education where empowering discourse is displayed by an RN from a CALD background...
March 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
Gordon Lee Gillespie, Tracy Pritchard, Karen Bankston, Jasmine Burno, Greer Glazer
BACKGROUND: The lack of diversity in the nursing profession could be an outcome of unconscious biases. Forums allowing the personal reflection and discourse of these unconscious biases are needed in order for a diverse and inclusive learning environment to exist. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe the experiences of students, staff, faculty members, and guests participating in a forum on diversity and inclusion. METHODS: An exploratory design was used to understand the experiences of college of nursing students, staff, faculty members, and guests who participated in a diversity and inclusion intervention sponsored by the college of nursing's Diversity Advisory Council...
August 30, 2016: Nursing Outlook
Sherri Ogston-Tuck, Kath Baume, Chris Clarke, Simon Heng
BACKGROUND: For decades film has proved to be a powerful form of communication. Whether produced as entertainment, art or documentary, films have the capacity to inform and move us. Films are a highly attractive teaching instrument and an appropriate teaching method in health education. It is a valuable tool for studying situations most transcendental to human beings such as pain, disease and death. OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to determine how this helps students engage with their role as health care professionals; to determine how they view the personal experience of illness, disease, disability or death; and to determine how this may impact upon their provision of patient care...
November 2016: Nurse Education Today
Érika Chediak Mori, Alessandra Vitorino Naghettini
UNLABELLED: Considering the worker's health one of the Unified Health System (SUS) tasks, the Primary Health Care (PHC) and the Family Health Strategy (FHS) play an important role in the development of health actions in the field health-work. In Brazil, where the number of informal and domiciled jobs is high, the FHS becomes a reference in the workers' health actions. Therefore, if the FHS is not attentive to the relation between professional occupation and disease, several diseases that affect workers can overload the system without obtaining a cure...
June 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Rachel Elizabeth Grant, Joanne Goldman, Karen LeGrow, Kathleen M MacMillan, Mary van Soeren, Simon Kitto
The purpose of this scoping review is to examine the nature of the interprofessional education (IPE) discussion that the Canadian nursing profession is having within the Canadian peer-reviewed nursing literature. An electronic database search of CINAHL was conducted using a modified Arksey & O'Malley scoping review framework. Peer-reviewed, English-language articles published in Canadian nursing journals from January 1981 to February 2016 were retrieved. Articles were included if they discussed IPE, or described an educational activity that met our conceptual definition of IPE...
September 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
Michael Annear, Kim Walker, Peter Lucas, Amanda Lo, Andrew Robinson
This article examines the reflective discourses of medical, nursing, and paramedic students participating in interprofessional education (IPE) activities in the context of aged-care clinical placements. The intent of the research is to explore how students engage with their interprofessional colleagues in an IPE assessment and care planning activity and elucidate how students configure their role as learners within the context of a non-traditional aged-care training environment. Research participants included cohorts of volunteer medical (n = 61), nursing (n = 46), and paramedic (n = 20) students who were on clinical placements at two large teaching aged-care facilities in Tasmania, Australia, over a period of 18 months...
September 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
André Posenau, Tim Peters
AIM: Interprofessional education (IPE) is taking on increasing importance in our complex healthcare system and receiving ever greater attention in the teaching of health science. The majority of concepts and methods employed in this area are based on normative ideas about interprofessional cooperation and only seldom based on empirical research. This paper is an initial attempt to augment this deductive approach with an inductive perspective for the purpose of subsequently providing empirical support for IPE teaching methods...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Maria Mackay, Joanne Joyce-McCoach, Moira Stephens, Natalie Cutler, Roy Brown, Ritin Fernandez, Terry J Froggatt, Leeanne Heaton, Lorna Moxham, Jenny Sim, Victoria Traynor, Sharon Bourgeois
BACKGROUND: The University of Wollongong (UOW) delivers two Transnational International Programmes (TNEP) in Hong Kong (HK): a 1-year undergraduate Bachelor of Nursing (Conversion) degree and a 2-year postgraduate Master of Nursing degree. A curriculum review of these programmes has been undertaken to ensure the quality of the programme remains consistently high and competitive in an international environment. AIM: The aim of the Curriculum Review Project was to utilise the experience of expert academic staff to review the TNEP curricula delivered by an Australian University in Hong Kong (HK) to ensure it met contemporary needs of students, the university, and the Hong Kong Authority...
July 2016: Nurse Education Today
C Scott Smith, Winslow G Gerrish, Melanie Nash, Amber Fisher, Adam Brotman, Deborah Smith, Ami Student, Melissa Green, Jodie Donovan, Melissa Dreffin
In 2011, the US Department of Veterans Affairs established five Centers of Excellence to study training in the patient-centered medical home clinical microsystem. Early on, our center began a discourse analysis in order to better understand each profession's assumptions about roles, responsibilities, and the basis for "truth" in clinical care. We discovered that these different discourses were pervasive and led to unhelpful stereotypes of each other. This article describes the evidence we identified that led us to hypothesize these conflicting discourses and stereotypes...
2015: Journal of Interprofessional Care
Frank Coffey, Keiko Tsuchiya, Stephen Timmons, Bryn Baxendale, Svenja Adolphs, Sarah Atkins
BACKGROUND: Manikins and simulated patients (SPs) are commonly used in health care education and assessment. SPs appear to offer a more realistic experience for learners than 'plastic' manikins, and might be expected to engender interactions that approximate real clinical practice more closely. The analyses of linguistic patterns and touch are methodologies that could be used to explore this hypothesis. Our research aims were: (1) to compare verbal interactions and the use of procedural touch by health care workers (HCWs) in scenarios with SPs and with manikins; and (2) to evaluate the methodologies used to inform a large-scale study...
August 2016: Clinical Teacher
Nisha Sutherland, Catherine Ward-Griffin, Carol McWilliam, Kelli Stajduhar
There has been limited investigation into the processes that shape gender (in)equities in hospice palliative home care. As part of a larger critical ethnographic study, we examined how and why gender relations occur in this context. Using a critical feminist lens, we conducted in-depth interviews with clients living with terminal cancer, their family caregivers and primary nurses; observations of agency home visits; and review of institutional documents. A gender-based analysis revealed that gender enactments of Regulating Gender Relations were legitimized through ideological processes of Normalizing Gender Relations and Equalizing Gender Relations (Re)produced through institutional discourses of individualism and egalitarianism, these gendered processes both advantaged and disadvantaged men and women in hospice palliative home care...
2016: Qualitative Health Research
Jacqueline Limoges, Kim Jagos
BACKGROUND: Little evidence exists about how education influences the ways that registered nurses (RN) and registered practical nurses (RPN) negotiate their professional work relationships. DESIGN: This qualitative study used interviews and reflective writing from 250 Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BScN) and Practical Nursing (PN) students to explore how education constructs intraprofessional relations. The data were collected after two joint BScN/PN education events - one held in the first semester and one in the fourth semester...
October 2015: Nurse Education Today
Gisele Coscrato, Sonia Maria Villela Bueno
OBJECTIVE: To know the conceptions of undergraduates from the Teaching Diploma Program with Bachelor degree in Nursing at a public state-owned higher education institution in an interior city in the State of São Paulo about spirituality and humanization, as well as to propose educative action in that sense. Methodoly. A qualitative study was undertaken, using the action research method. The data were collected in the second semester of 2012 through participant observation, registered in a field diary, and interviews with the help of questionnaires...
2015: Investigación y Educación en Enfermería
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