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Ethnography AND (social network analysis)

Susan E Bell
This article is part of a hospital ethnography that investigates healthcare architecture as an aspect of an increasingly large, complex, and urgent global health issue: caring for refugees and other immigrants. It argues that hospitals are nodes in transnational social networks of immigrant and refugee patients that form assemblages of human and non-human objects. These assemblages co-produce place-specific hospital care in different hospital spaces. Place-specific tensions and power dynamics arise when refugees and immigrants come into contact with these biomedical spaces...
February 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
Linda Bauld, Hilary Graham, Lesley Sinclair, Kate Flemming, Felix Naughton, Allison Ford, Jennifer McKell, Dorothy McCaughan, Sarah Hopewell, Kathryn Angus, Douglas Eadie, David Tappin
BACKGROUND: Although many women stop smoking in pregnancy, others continue, causing harm to maternal and child health. Smoking behaviour is influenced by many factors, including the role of women's significant others (SOs) and support from health-care professionals (HPs). OBJECTIVES: To enhance understanding of the barriers to, and facilitators of, smoking cessation and the feasibility and acceptability of interventions to reach and support pregnant women to stop smoking...
June 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Sarah Kooienga, Reshmi L Singh
BACKGROUND: Electronic prescribing (ERx) is the ability for prescriber to send a digital prescription directly to a pharmacist through a dedicated secure network. A number of federally funded incentives such as the health information technology for economic and clinical health (HITECH) and Meaningful Use standards have led to ERx implementation. ERx is an integral part of primary care practice and today most community pharmacies are enabled to accept e-prescriptions. Little is known about the experience of rural pharmacists, primary care providers and patients regarding e-prescribing...
July 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Maira Quintanilha, Maria J Mayan, Jessica Thompson, Rhonda C Bell
BACKGROUND: International migration and the number of migrant women who experience pregnancy and childbirth in receiving countries have significantly increased in the last two decades. Migrant women often have unmet social and economic needs during pregnancy, and are more likely to have problems unaddressed by health care systems. In this qualitative study, we explored migrant women's perceptions and experiences of health during pregnancy and postpartum, while participating in a perinatal program offered through a community-based organization...
May 25, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
Trisha Greenhalgh, Sara Shaw, Joe Wherton, Gemma Hughes, Jenni Lynch, Christine A'Court, Sue Hinder, Nick Fahy, Emma Byrne, Alexander Finlayson, Tom Sorell, Rob Procter, Rob Stones
INTRODUCTION: Research to date into assisted living technologies broadly consists of 3 generations: technical design, experimental trials and qualitative studies of the patient experience. We describe a fourth-generation paradigm: studies of assisted living technologies in their organisational, social, political and policy context. Fourth-generation studies are necessarily organic and emergent; they view technology as part of a dynamic, networked and potentially unstable system. They use co-design methods to generate and stabilise local solutions, taking account of context...
February 15, 2016: BMJ Open
Fiona Webster, Onil Bhattacharyya, Aileen Davis, Rick Glazier, Joel Katz, Paul Krueger, Ross Upshur, Albert Yee, Lynn Wilson
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic conditions and multiple comorbidities represent a growing challenge for health care globally. Improved coordination of care is considered essential for providing more effective and cost-efficient care for these patients with complex needs. Osteoarthritis is one of the most common and debilitating chronic conditions, is the most frequent cause of chronic pain yet osteoarthritis care is often poorly-coordinated. Primary care is usually the first contact for patients requiring relief from chronic pain...
2015: BMC Health Services Research
Isabelle Ruelland
Several mental health public networks in Brazil focus on the participation of a plurality of actors in different collective methods of analysis and co-management of services in order to ensure improved efficiency and greater democratization of social relations. It is clear that the analysis of the effectiveness of these collectives is often done at the expense of the social relations of power they help produce. In other words, it is as if the participatory nature of the devices immediately ensure their democratic potential and their positive impact on the recovery of the users involved...
2015: Santé Mentale Au Québec
Libby Sallnow, Heather Richardson, Scott A Murray, Allan Kellehear
BACKGROUND: Communities play an increasingly significant role in their own health and social care, and evidence demonstrates the positive impact of this work on a range of health outcomes. Interest is building regarding the application of the principles of the new public health approach to those facing the end of life and their families and communities. AIM: To review the evidence relating to the impact of a new public health approach to end-of-life care, specifically as this applies to efforts to strengthen community action...
March 2016: Palliative Medicine
Katherine C Chretien, Matthew G Tuck, Michael Simon, Lisa O Singh, Terry Kind
BACKGROUND: While researchers have studied negative professional consequences of medical trainee social media use, little is known about how medical students informally use social media for education and career development. This knowledge may help future and current physicians succeed in the digital age. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to explore how and why medical students use Twitter for professional development. DESIGN: This was a digital ethnography...
November 2015: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Dawn-Marie Walker
AIM: To enable readers to make an informed decision about whether online research methods (ORMs) are appropriate for their studies. BACKGROUND: Using an ORM is an innovative way of collecting data and many research designs, such as surveys, interviews, focus groups and ethnography, can be conducted online. There are many potential benefits that can be conferred on traditional research procedures when implemented via the internet, for example economy and convenience, as there are no travel or postal requirements...
May 2013: Nurse Researcher
Huso Yi, Tiantian Zheng, Yanhai Wan, Joanne E Mantell, Minah Park, Joanne Csete
Female sex workers (FSWs) in China are exposed to multiple work-related harms that increase HIV vulnerability. Using mixed-methods, we explored the social-ecological aspects of sexual risk among 348 FSWs in Beijing. Sex-work harms were assessed by property stolen, being underpaid or not paid at all, verbal and sexual abuse, forced drinking; and forced sex more than once. The majority (90%) reported at least one type of harm, 38% received harm protection from 'mommies' (i.e., managers) and 32% reported unprotected sex with clients...
2012: Global Public Health
D Acier, L Nadeau, M Landry
This research used a qualitative methodology and was conducted on a sample of 22 participants with concomitant substance-related and mental health disorders. Today, dual diagnosis patients represent the standard rather than the exception. Our objectives were to consider the elements and processes of the social network to explain variations in consumption of alcohol and drugs. The social network refers to all bonds established by patients, mainly family, couple, friends and therapist relationships. The 22 patients have used a specialized addiction treatment in Montreal (Canada)...
September 2011: L'Encéphale
Richard Griffiths, Sally Casswell
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: To examine how young people in New Zealand engage with alcohol and reproduce alcohol marketing messages and alcohol-related branding in 'Bebo', a popular social networking site (SNS) on the Internet. DESIGN AND METHODS: Data are drawn from information posted on approximately 150 Bebo Web pages and analysed by way of textual analysis and cyberspace ethnography. RESULTS: Social networking sites, such as Bebo, provide young people with a digital space in which to share a range of alcohol marketing messages via peer-to-peer transmission...
September 2010: Drug and Alcohol Review
Christine Chan, Toity Deave, Trisha Greenhalgh
Childhood obesity is particularly prevalent in areas that have seen rapid economic growth, urbanisation, cultural transition, and commodification of food systems. Structuration theory may illuminate the interaction between population and individual-level causes of obesity. We conducted in-depth ethnographies of six overweight/obese and four non-overweight preschool children in Hong Kong, each followed for 12-18 months. Analysis was informed by Stones' strong structuration theory. Risk factors played out differently for different children as social structures were enacted at the level of family and preschool...
July 2010: Sociology of Health & Illness
M Collumbien, A A Qureshi, S H Mayhew, N Rizvi, A Rabbani, B Rolfe, R K Verma, H Rehman, Naveed-i-Rahat
OBJECTIVES: To distinguish between three distinct groups of male and transgender sex workers in Pakistan and to demonstrate how members of these stigmatized groups need to be engaged in the research process to go beyond stated norms of behaviour. METHODS: A peer ethnography study was undertaken in a major city in Pakistan. 15 male and 15 transgender sex workers were trained as peer researchers to each interview three peers in their network. Analysis was based on interviews with peer researchers as well as observation of dynamics during training and analysis workshops...
April 2009: Sexually Transmitted Infections
Lawrence Hsin Yang, Arthur Kleinman
The majority of theoretical models have defined stigma as occurring psychologically and limit its negative effects to individual processes. This paper, via an analysis of how 'face' is embodied in China, deepens an articulation of how the social aspects of stigma might incorporate the moral standing of both individual and collective actors defined within a local context. We illustrate (1) how one's moral standing is lodged within a local social world; (2) how one's status as a 'moral' community member is contingent upon upholding intrapersonal and social-transactional obligations; and (3) how loss of face and fears of moral contamination might lead to a 'social death'...
August 2008: Social Science & Medicine
William Sims Bainbridge
Online virtual worlds, electronic environments where people can work and interact in a somewhat realistic manner, have great potential as sites for research in the social, behavioral, and economic sciences, as well as in human-centered computer science. This article uses Second Life and World of Warcraft as two very different examples of current virtual worlds that foreshadow future developments, introducing a number of research methodologies that scientists are now exploring, including formal experimentation, observational ethnography, and quantitative analysis of economic markets or social networks...
July 27, 2007: Science
José Arturo Granados-Cosme, Kittipong Nasaiya, Alberto Torres Brambila
Studies and recommendations by health agencies have emphasized the importance of education in HIV-AIDS prevention. Mexico has included topics on sexuality and HIV-AIDS in school programs, triggering resistance by some social actors. The current study seeks to clarify the various positions and interests and their influence on the textbook content. A literature search was conducted on the period during which the last educational reform was implemented in Mexico. The discourse analysis focused on the ethnography of communication, which identified: the various actors' positions, arguments, actions, economic and political power, and relations to others...
March 2007: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Jenny Hsin-Chun Tsai
Immigrant youth often rebuild their friendships and other social networks after arriving in a new country. The difficulties involved can threaten their psychosocial development. Formation of social networks needs to be understood within the macro sociocultural context that shapes the experience. Nonetheless, the current literature on social network formation rarely captures that context. Knowledge about immigrant youths' social network, for example, is often embedded in assimilation, ethnic identity, and adaptation literature...
2006: Adolescence
Jenny Hsin-Chun Tsai
PURPOSE: To summarize how computer technology influenced immigrant families' adaptation to life in the United States. DESIGN: Critical ethnography. METHODS: Data were collected from 1998 to 2000 from 13 parents and 16 children from nine Taiwanese immigrant families using semi-structured interviews and a questionnaire. Narrative analysis was used with interview data. FINDINGS: Participants faced the demands of language proficiency, economic survival, loss of social networks, and social disconnection during resettlement...
2006: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
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