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Shashi Kant Bhatia, Jung-Ho Kim, Min-Sun Kim, Junyoung Kim, Ju Won Hong, Yoon Gi Hong, Hyun-Joong Kim, Jong-Min Jeon, Sang-Hyoun Kim, Jungoh Ahn, Hongweon Lee, Yung-Hun Yang
Polyhydroxyalkonate (PHA) is a type of polymer that has the potential to replace petro-based plastics. To make PHA production more economically feasible, there is a need to find a new carbon source and engineer microbes to produce a commercially valuable polymer. Coffee waste is an inexpensive raw material that contains fatty acids. It can act as a sustainable carbon source and seems quite promising with PHA production in Ralstonia eutropha, which is a well-known microbe for PHA accumulation, and has the potential to utilize fatty acids...
November 9, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
J Valdés, G Kutralam-Muniasamy, B Vergara-Porras, R Marsch, F Pérez-Guevara, M R López-Cuellar
Many heterologous transformation studies have been carried out using the Cupriavidus necator PHB(-4) strain to investigate the expression characteristics of various polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) synthase enzymes. In this study, we generated a recombinant C. necator PHB(-4) strain by transforming a plasmid (pMRC03) harbouring the synthetic phaC2 gene of Pseudomonas putida CA-3. Under conditions favourable for expression of the phaC2 P.putCA-3 gene, canola oil was used as carbon source for the synthesis of PHAs...
August 18, 2017: New Biotechnology
Zhixiang Zhu, Yunfang Zhao, Huixia Huo, Xiaoli Gao, Jiao Zheng, Jun Li, Pengfei Tu
Induction of excessive, prolonged, or dysregulated immune responses causes immunological disorders, such as inflammatory diseases, autoimmune diseases, allergic diseases, and organ-graft rejections. In the present study, we investigated the inhibitory effects of HHX-5, a derivative of sesquiterpene from Chinese agarwood, on innate and adaptive immunity for revealing its potential to treat above immunological disorders. The results showed that HHX-5 significantly inhibited the activation of macrophages and neutrophils which play important roles in innate immunity...
November 15, 2016: European Journal of Pharmacology
Katsuhiko Shimizu, Taro Amano, Md Rezaul Bari, James C Weaver, Jiro Arima, Nobuhiro Mori
The hexactinellids are a diverse group of predominantly deep sea sponges that synthesize elaborate fibrous skeletal systems of amorphous hydrated silica. As a representative example, members of the genus Euplectella have proved to be useful model systems for investigating structure-function relationships in these hierarchically ordered siliceous network-like composites. Despite recent advances in understanding the mechanistic origins of damage tolerance in these complex skeletal systems, the details of their synthesis have remained largely unexplored...
September 15, 2015: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Liang Shen, Hongyou Hu, Hongfang Ji, Chuanpan Zhang, Ning He, Qingbiao Li, Yuanpeng Wang
This study aimed to investigate the feasibility and technology to harvest poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate) (PHBHHx) by mixed culture. Copolymer PHBHHx, usually fermented by pure strains, was reported to be synthesized from activated sludge for the first time. Sodium laurate was used as the sole carbon substrate for sludge acclimation and PHBHHx accumulation. Batch experiments were designed to look into the impact of the carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus and oxygen supply on PHBHHx production. The results showed that the acclimated excess sludge was able to produce PHBHHx, and the maximum output (505...
August 2015: Bioresource Technology
Qian Wang, Yaqi Luan, Xuelian Cheng, Qianqian Zhuang, Qingsheng Qi
The copolymer poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate) [P(HB-co-HHx)] has the potential to serve as a biodegradable tissue engineering material. However, the production of this kind of copolymer still suffers from high cost and uncertainty. We describe here the design of metabolic pathways to synthesize P(HB-co-HHx) directly from glucose using recombinant Escherichia coli. By combining the BktB-dependent condensation pathway with the inverted β-oxidation cycle pathway, we were able to synthesize a P(HB-co-HHx) copolymer with a 10 mol% HHx fraction in recombinant E...
March 2015: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Paul Baumeister, Daniela Erdmann, Sabrina Biselli, Nicole Kagermeier, Sigurd Elz, Günther Bernhardt, Armin Buschauer
A series of new piperidinomethylphenoxypropylamine-type histamine H2 receptor (H2 R) antagonists with different substituted "urea equivalents" was synthesized and characterized in functional in vitro assays. Based on these data as selection criteria, radiosynthesis of N-[6-(3,4-dioxo-2-{3-[3-(piperidin-1-ylmethyl)phenoxy]propylamino}cyclobut-1-enylamino)hexyl]-(2,3-(3) H2 )propionic amide ([(3) H]UR-DE257) was performed. The radioligand (specific activity: 63 Ci mmol(-1) ) had high affinity for human, rat, and guinea pig H2 R (hH2 R, Sf9 cells: Kd , saturation binding: 31 nM, kinetic studies: 20 nM)...
January 2015: ChemMedChem
Jong-Min Jeon, Christopher J Brigham, Yong-Hyun Kim, Hyun-Joong Kim, Da-Hye Yi, Hyungsup Kim, ChoKyun Rha, Anthony J Sinskey, Yung-Hun Yang
Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs), a promising family of bio-based polymers, are considered to be alternatives to traditional petroleum-based plastics. Copolymers like poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate) (P(HB-co-HHx)) have been shown to exhibit favorable physical and mechanical properties, due to decreased crystallinity resulting from the presence of medium-chain-length 3-hydroxyhexanoate (3HHx) monomers. In this study, we produced P(HB-co-HHx) using engineered Ralstonia eutropha strains containing deletions of the acetoacetyl-CoA reductase (phaB) genes and replacing the native PHA synthase with phaC2 from Rhodococcus aetherivorans I24 and by using butyrate, a short-chain organic acid, as the carbon source...
June 2014: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Jung Seop Lim, Ku-il Park, Gun Soo Chung, Jong Hoon Kim
In this study, composites of semicrystalline, biodegradable polylactide (PLA) and poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate) (PHB-HHx) were prepared by direct melt compounding. The physical and thermal properties of the composites were investigated as a function of the composition ratio. Differential scanning calorimetry analysis indicated that PLA and PHB-HHx formed immiscible composites over the observed range of composition. The crystallization of PLA was gradually suppressed by increasing proportions of PHB-HHx...
May 1, 2013: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Anikó Czene, Eszter Németh, István G Zóka, Noémi I Jakab-Simon, Tamás Körtvélyesi, Kyosuke Nagata, Hans E M Christensen, Béla Gyurcsik
Colicin E7 (ColE7) is a metallonuclease toxin of Escherichia coli belonging to the HNH superfamily of nucleases. It contains highly conserved amino acids in its HHX(14)NX(8)HX(3)H ββα-type metal ion binding C-terminal active centre. However, the proximity of the arginine at the N-terminus of the nuclease domain of ColE7 (NColE7, 446-576) is necessary for the hydrolytic activity. This poses a possibility of allosteric activation control in this protein. To obtain more information on this phenomenon, two protein mutants were expressed, i...
March 2013: Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry: JBIC
Sebastian L Riedel, Christopher J Brigham, Charles F Budde, Johannes Bader, Chokyun Rha, Ulf Stahl, Anthony J Sinskey
Reduced downstream costs, together with high purity recovery of polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA), will accelerate the commercialization of high quality PHA-based products. In this work, a process was designed for effective recovery of the copolymer poly(hydroxybutyrate-co-hydroxyhexanoate) (P(HB-co-HHx)) containing high levels of HHx (>15 mol%) from Ralstonia eutropha biomass using non-halogenated solvents. Several non-halogenated solvents (methyl isobutyl ketone, methyl ethyl ketone, and butyl acetate and ethyl acetate) were found to effectively dissolve the polymer...
February 2013: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Sebastian L Riedel, Johannes Bader, Christopher J Brigham, Charles F Budde, Zainal Abidin Mohd Yusof, Chokyun Rha, Anthony J Sinskey
Improved production costs will accelerate commercialization of polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) polymer and PHA-based products. Plant oils are considered favorable feedstocks, due to their high carbon content and relatively low price compared to sugars and other refined carbon feedstocks. Different PHA production strategies were compared using a recombinant strain of Ralstonia eutropha that produces high amounts of P(HB-co-HHx) when grown on plant oils. This R. eutropha strain was grown to high cell densities using batch, extended batch, and fed batch fermentation strategies, in which PHA accumulation was triggered by nitrogen limitation...
January 2012: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Charles F Budde, Sebastian L Riedel, Laura B Willis, Chokyun Rha, Anthony J Sinskey
The polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) copolymer poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate) [P(HB-co-HHx)] has been shown to have potential to serve as a commercial bioplastic. Synthesis of P(HB-co-HHx) from plant oil has been demonstrated with recombinant Ralstonia eutropha strains expressing heterologous PHA synthases capable of incorporating HB and HHx into the polymer. With these strains, however, short-chain-length fatty acids had to be included in the medium to generate PHA with high HHx content. Our group has engineered two R...
May 2011: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Richard D Ashby, Jonathan A Zerkowski, Daniel K Y Solaiman, Lin Shu Liu
Sophorolipids (SLs) are known to possess antimicrobial properties towards many species (particularly Gram-positive, or Gram(+)) of bacteria. However, these properties can only be exerted if the SLs can be introduced to the bacterial cells in an acceptable manner. Propionibacterium acnes is the common bacterial cause of acne. It is a Gram(+) facultative anaerobe that is susceptible to the antimicrobial effects of SLs. In this study we demonstrated that different biopolymer matrices could be used to produce SL composite films that exert various antimicrobial efficiencies against P...
January 31, 2011: New Biotechnology
Hyun Chul Choi, Soo Ryeon Ryu, Ho Ji, Seung Bin Kim, Isao Noda, Young Mee Jung
We investigated the thermal behavior of spin-coated films of biodegradable poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate) (P(HB-co-HHx)) copolymers at the molecular level. To better understand details of thermal behavior of spin-coated films of P(HB-co-HHx) copolymers, we applied two-dimensional (2D) correlation analysis to the spectra of P(HB-co-HHx) (HHx = 12.0, 10.0, and 3.8 mol %) copolymers during the heating process from 30 to 150 degrees C as obtained by temperature-dependent infrared-reflection absorption spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS)...
September 2, 2010: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Bo-Yi Yu, Po-Ya Chen, Yi-Ming Sun, Yu-Tsang Lee, Tai-Horng Young
Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) are a newer family of biomaterials for tissue-engineering applications. The objective of this study is to investigate the behavior of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) grown on various PHA films. The surface characteristics of PHA co-polymer films were varied by the content of 3-hydroxyvalerate (HV) or 3-hydroxyhexanoate (HHx) and by the film preparation methods such as compression-molding and solvent-casting. Hyaluronic acid (HA) was further applied to modify the surface properties of PHA membranes...
2010: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Haoyuan Cai, Zhaobin Qiu
Crystallization kinetics and morphology of biodegradable poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate) (PHBHHx) containing 7, 10 and 18 mol% 3-hydroxyhexanoate (HHx) comonomer were investigated by differential scanning calorimetry, polarized optical microscopy and wide angle X-ray diffraction in detail in this work. The experimental results indicate that overall isothermal crystallization rates of PHBHHx copolymers are reduced with increasing crystallization temperature and HHx content; however, the crystallization mechanism remains unchanged...
November 7, 2009: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Hai-Feng Zhang, Long Ma, Zhi-Hui Wang, Guo-Qiang Chen
Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) terployesters P(3HB-co-3HV-co-3HHx) consisting of 3-hydroxybutyrate (3HB), 3-hydroxyvalerate (3HV), and 3-hydroxyhexanoate (3HHx) were produced by wild-type Aeromonas hydrophila 4AK4, its recombinant harboring PHA synthesis genes phaPCJ encoding PHA binding protein phasin, PHA synthase, and enoyl-CoA hydratase, and another its recombinant harboring phaAB encoding beta-ketothiolase and acetoacetyl-CoA reductase, respectively, when grown in lauric acid and/or valerate. The terpolyesters produced by A...
October 15, 2009: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Pengju Pan, Zhichao Liang, Nobuo Nakamura, Toshio Miyagawa, Yoshio Inoue
In this study, uracil has been introduced as the nucleating agent (NA) for bacterially synthesized poly[(3-hydroxybutyrate)-co-(3-hydroxyhexanoate)] (PHBHHx) copolymers with HHx content of 5, 10, 18 mol-%, and poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) homopolymer for the first time. Its effect was compared with the conventional NA of PHB, that is, boron nitride (BN), and two other naturally occurring pyrimidine derivatives, i.e., thymine and cytosine. The effects of uracil on the crystallization kinetics, melting behavior, spherulite morphology, and crystalline structure of PHBHHx and PHB were investigated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), polarized optical microscopy (POM), and wide-angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD)...
June 11, 2009: Macromolecular Bioscience
Ho Ji, Seung Bin Kim, Isao Noda, Young Mee Jung
Principal component analysis-based two-dimensional (PCA2D) correlation spectroscopy was applied to the temperature-dependent infrared-reflection absorption (IRRAS) spectra of a spin-coated film of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate) (P(HB-co-HHx)) (HHx=7.2 mol%) copolymer. In asynchronous PCA2D correlation spectra, we clearly captured the existence of two components in the crystalline band of the CO stretching mode, well-ordered primary crystals observed at lower wavenumber and less ordered secondary crystals observed at higher wavenumber, which is not readily detectable in the original 1D spectra...
January 2009: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
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