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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893907/patterns-and-perceptions-of-asynchronous-video-discussion-in-a-graduate-health-sciences-course
#1
Mollie Cummins, Naresh Sundar Rajan, Chad Hodge, Ramkiran Gouripeddi
BACKGROUND: Studies of graduate online education indicate a need for increased interaction among students and faculty. However, it can be challenging to foster a high level of scholarly interaction and engagement in fully online courses. The objective of this study was to evaluate student perceptions and participation patterns related to online, asynchronous video discussion in a graduate health sciences course. METHOD: An asynchronous video discussion was piloted in a 2014 interprofessional informatics course and students were subsequently surveyed to determine their perceptions of this approach...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873413/six-degrees-of-separation-the-small-world-of-medical-education
#2
Wolf E Hautz, Gert Krummrey, Aristomenis Exadaktylos, Stefanie C Hautz
CONTEXT: Conventional wisdom has it that everyone on earth is on average only six steps away from knowing any other person through 'a friend of a friend'. On a local level, however, many people experience that most of their acquaintances know each other. It is thus hard to imagine how such a highly clustered group could be so well connected to the rest of the world. In this paper, we investigate how co-authorship connects scholars in medical education and whether the six degrees of separation hypothesis also applies to the network of authors in the field...
December 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871301/an-innovative-and-collaborative-partnership-between-patients-with-rare-disease-and-industry-supported-registries-the-global-ahus-registry
#3
REVIEW
Len Woodward, Sally Johnson, Johan Vande Walle, Joran Beck, Christoph Gasteyger, Christoph Licht, Gema Ariceta
BACKGROUND: Patients are becoming increasingly involved in research which can promote innovation through novel ideas, support patient-centred actions, and facilitate drug development. For rare diseases, registries that collect data from patients can increase knowledge of the disease's natural history, evaluate clinical therapies, monitor drug safety, and measure quality of care. The active participation of patients is expected to optimise rare-disease management and improve patient outcomes...
November 21, 2016: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867282/is-group-singing-special-health-well-being-and-social-bonds-in-community-based-adult-education-classes
#4
Eiluned Pearce, Jacques Launay, Anna Machin, Robin I M Dunbar
Evidence demonstrates that group singing improves health and well-being, but the precise mechanisms remain unknown. Given that cohesive social networks also positively influence health, we focus on the social aspects of singing, exploring whether improvements in health and well-being are mediated by stronger social bonds, both to the group as a whole (collective-bonding) and to individual classmates (relational-bonding). To do so, seven newly-formed community-based adult education classes (four singing, N=84, and three comparison classes studying creative writing or crafts, N=51) were followed over seven months...
November 2016: Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866793/tracking-the-dissemination-of-a-culturally-targeted-brochure-to-promote-awareness-of-hereditary-breast-and-ovarian-cancer-among-black-women
#5
Courtney Lynam Scherr, Linda Bomboka, Alison Nelson, Tuya Pal, Susan Thomas Vadaparampil
OBJECTIVE: Black women have a higher rate of BRCA1 and BRCA2 (BRCA) mutations, compared with other populations, that increases their risk for hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC). However, Black women are less likely to know about HBOC and genetic testing. Based on a request from a community advisory panel of breast cancer survivors, community leaders and healthcare providers in the Black community, our team developed a culturally targeted educational brochure to promote awareness of HBOC among Black women...
October 31, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859899/neural-signatures-of-trust-in-reciprocity-a-coordinate-based-meta-analysis
#6
Gabriele Bellucci, Sergey V Chernyak, Kimberly Goodyear, Simon B Eickhoff, Frank Krueger
Trust in reciprocity (TR) is defined as the risky decision to invest valued resources in another party with the hope of mutual benefit. Several fMRI studies have investigated the neural correlates of TR in one-shot and multiround versions of the investment game (IG). However, an overall characterization of the underlying neural networks remains elusive. Here, a coordinate-based meta-analysis was employed (activation likelihood estimation method, 30 articles) to investigate consistent brain activations in each of the IG stages (i...
November 17, 2016: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837572/clinical-and-cognitive-factors-affecting-psychosocial-functioning-in-remitted-patients-with-bipolar-disorder
#7
G Konstantakopoulos, N Ioannidi, M Typaldou, D Sakkas, P Oulis
Impaired interpersonal, social, and occupational functioning is very often observed in patients with bipolar disorder, not only at the acute stages of the illness but in remission as well. This finding raises the question of multiple factors that might affect psychosocial functioning in bipolar patients, such as residual subsyndromal symptoms and neuropsychological deficits. Social cognition impairment, especially impaired Theory of Mind (ToM), might also play an important role in bipolar patients' every-day functioning, similarly to what was found in patients with schizophrenia...
July 2016: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829459/understanding-the-local-context-and-its-possible-influences-on-shaping-implementing-and-running-social-accountability-initiatives-for-maternal-health-services-in-rural-democratic-republic-of-the-congo-a-contextual-factor-analysis
#8
Eric M Mafuta, Lisanne Hogema, Thérèse N M Mambu, Pontien B Kiyimbi, Berthys P Indebe, Patrick K Kayembe, Tjard De Cock Buning, Marjolein A Dieleman
BACKGROUND: Social accountability has to be configured according to the context in which it operates. This paper aimed to identify local contextual factors in two health zones in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and discuss their possible influences on shaping, implementing and running social accountability initiatives. METHODS: Data on local socio-cultural characteristics, the governance context, and socio-economic conditions related to social accountability enabling factors were collected in the two health zones using semi-structured interviews and document reviews, and were analyzed using thematic analysis...
November 9, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807877/social-network-analysis-in-medical-education
#9
Rachel Isba, Katherine Woolf, Robert Hanneman
CONTENT: Humans are fundamentally social beings. The social systems within which we live our lives (families, schools, workplaces, professions, friendship groups) have a significant influence on our health, success and well-being. These groups can be characterised as networks and analysed using social network analysis. SOCIAL NETWORK ANALYSIS: Social network analysis is a mainly quantitative method for analysing how relationships between individuals form and affect those individuals, but also how individual relationships build up into wider social structures that influence outcomes at a group level...
November 2, 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803559/self-care-concept-analysis-in-cancer-patients-an-evolutionary-concept-analysis
#10
Ali Hasanpour-Dehkordi
BACKGROUND: Self-care is a frequently used concept in both the theory and the clinical practice of nursing and is considered an element of nursing theory by Orem. The aim of this paper is to identify the core attributes of the self-care concept in cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used Rodgers' evolutionary method of concept analysis. The articles published in English language from 1980 to 2015 on nursing and non-nursing disciplines were analyzed. Finally, 85 articles, an MSc thesis, and a PhD thesis were selected, examined, and analyzed in-depth...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783780/impacts-of-a-documentary-on-the-daily-lives-of-mothers-and-children-with-disabilities-an-analysis-of-cine-debates
#11
Fátima Gonçalves Cavalcante, Luciana Ferreira Lau, Gabriella Ferrarese Barbosa, Daniela Lima Gomes Berlim, Natasha Coelho Menezes, Daniela de Carvalho Braga, Annibal Coelho de Amorim, Yuri Cavalcante Amorim
The article analyzes the impact of a documentary on the daily lives of mothers and children with disabilities, exhibited at conferences, festivals, universities and schools in Brazil, Colombia and Japan. Produced by film and health professionals, social scientists and a women's network, the feature film "A special day" was awarded at Assim Vivemos VI International Disability Film Festival (2013-2014). The objective is to analyze the impact of the film and its diffusion among professionals and students from health and education areas...
October 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774098/social-media-meets-big-urban-data-a-case-study-of-urban-waterlogging-analysis
#12
Ningyu Zhang, Huajun Chen, Jiaoyan Chen, Xi Chen
With the design and development of smart cities, opportunities as well as challenges arise at the moment. For this purpose, lots of data need to be obtained. Nevertheless, circumstances vary in different cities due to the variant infrastructures and populations, which leads to the data sparsity. In this paper, we propose a transfer learning method for urban waterlogging disaster analysis, which provides the basis for traffic management agencies to generate proactive traffic operation strategies in order to alleviate congestion...
2016: Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753912/os-03-04-influence-of-family-and-peer-networks-on-salt-reduction-in-children-in-the-school-edusalt-school-based-education-programme-to-reduce-salt-trial
#13
Yuan Ma, Xiangxian Feng, Jing Zhang, Haijun Wang, Jianhui Yuan, Zhifang Li, Yanbo Han, Jianbin Zhang, Feng J He, Graham MacGregor, Yangfeng Wu
OBJECTIVE: To identify the social determinants shaping children's behaviour on salt reduction from a network perspective. DESIGN AND METHOD: School-EduSalt is a cluster-randomized controlled trial carried out in 28 primary schools in northern China involving 279 families (279 children aged 10.1 ± 0.5yrs and 553 adults). A 3.5-month education on salt reduction was delivered to the 14 schools (classes) in the intervention group, of which children and their families achieved a significant reduction in salt intake as measured by 24-hour urine sodium...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723191/factors-associated-with-hpv-vaccination-among-cambodian-american-teenagers
#14
Haeok Lee, Minjin Kim, Peter Kiang, Ling Shi, Kevin Tan, Phala Chea, Sonith Peou, Dorcas C Grigg-Saito
OBJECTIVES: Parents have general influence over their children's health and health behavior. However, given the dearth of specific literature regarding knowledge level and social and cultural factors influencing HPV vaccination behaviors among Cambodian American (CA) parent, it is difficult to develop an effective, evidence-based public health HPV vaccination program. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to determine the HPV vaccine uptakes among CA teenagers and to examine factors influencing HPV vaccine uptakes...
November 2016: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703548/a-methodological-approach-to-the-analysis-of-egocentric-social-networks-in-public-health-research-a-practical-example
#15
Janet Klara Djomba, Lijana Zaletel-Kragelj
INTRODUCTION: Research on social networks in public health focuses on how social structures and relationships influence health and health-related behaviour. While the sociocentric approach is used to study complete social networks, the egocentric approach is gaining popularity because of its focus on individuals, groups and communities. METHODS: One of the participants of the healthy lifestyle health education workshop 'I'm moving', included in the study of social support for exercise was randomly selected...
December 1, 2016: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693883/equity-issues-were-not-fully-addressed-in-cochrane-human-immunodeficiency-virus-systematic-reviews
#16
Theresa Aves, Tamara Kredo, Vivian Welch, Sara Mursleen, Stephanie Ross, Babalwa Zani, Nkengafac Villyen Motaze, Leah Quinlan, Lawrence Mbuagbaw
OBJECTIVE: To describe and summarize equity reporting in HIV systematic reviews and explore the extent to which equity issues are addressed and reported in HIV reviews using the PROGRESS Plus framework. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Application of the PROGRESS Plus framework to a bibliometric analysis of HIV reviews in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. RESULTS: The analysis included 103 reviews published as of March 2014, with a median of 5 studies per review (first quartile; Q1 = 2; third quartile; Q3 = 11)...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690499/positive-family-relationships-longitudinal-network-of-relations
#17
Kathleen S J Preston, Allen W Gottfried, Pamella H Oliver, Adele Eskeles Gottfried, Danielle E Delany, Sirena M Ibrahim
The construct of positive family relationships (PFR), defined as family members getting along well and supporting each other, was investigated in a long-term prospective study. A newly constructed scale of positive family relationships developed using the nominal response model of item-response theory, was subject to a longitudinal network of relations analysis. The conceptualization for this research was founded on a positive psychology framework. Data derived from the Fullerton Longitudinal Study and spanned 20 years from middle childhood (age 9 years) to early adulthood (age 29 years)...
October 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683899/partial-adaptation-of-obtained-and-observed-value-signals-preserves-information-about-gains-and-losses
#18
Christopher J Burke, Michelle Baddeley, Philippe N Tobler, Wolfram Schultz
UNLABELLED: Given that the range of rewarding and punishing outcomes of actions is large but neural coding capacity is limited, efficient processing of outcomes by the brain is necessary. One mechanism to increase efficiency is to rescale neural output to the range of outcomes expected in the current context, and process only experienced deviations from this expectation. However, this mechanism comes at the cost of not being able to discriminate between unexpectedly low losses when times are bad versus unexpectedly high gains when times are good...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679839/social-networking-services-based-communicative-care-for-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-in-korea
#19
Hun-Sung Kim, Yoo Jin Jeong, Sun Jung Baik, So Jung Yang, Tong Min Kim, Hyunah Kim, Hyunyong Lee, Seung-Hwan Lee, Jae Hyoung Cho, In-Young Choi, Kun-Ho Yoon
OBJECTIVES: Social networking services (SNS)-based online communities are good examples of improving quality of care by incorporating information technology into medicine. Therefore, we created an SNS-based community care webpage for communication among patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). We aimed to identify what diabetic patients wanted to know and were interested in by analyzing their posts and classified content in which users were interested. METHODS: As opposed to the existing physician-focused health information websites, we built a patient-focused experience exchange website, "I love insulin (http://www...
September 28, 2016: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679765/the-mediating-role-of-social-capital-in-the-association-between-neighbourhood-income-inequality-and-body-mass-index
#20
Joreintje D Mackenbach, Jeroen Lakerveld, Yavanna van Oostveen, Sofie Compernolle, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Helga Bárdos, Harry Rutter, Ketevan Glonti, Jean-Michel Oppert, Helene Charreire, Johannes Brug, Giel Nijpels
BACKGROUND: Neighbourhood income inequality may contribute to differences in body weight. We explored whether neighbourhood social capital mediated the association of neighbourhood income inequality with individual body mass index (BMI). METHODS: A total of 4126 adult participants from 48 neighbourhoods in France, Hungary, the Netherlands and the UK provided information on their levels of income, perceptions of neighbourhood social capital and BMI. Factor analysis of the 13-item social capital scale revealed two social capital constructs: social networks and social cohesion...
September 27, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
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