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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017620/familial-aggregation-of-matrics-consensus-cognitive-battery-scores-in-a-large-sample-of-outpatients-with-schizophrenia-and-their-unaffected-relatives
#1
A Mucci, S Galderisi, M F Green, K Nuechterlein, P Rucci, D Gibertoni, A Rossi, P Rocca, A Bertolino, P Bucci, G Hellemann, M Spisto, D Palumbo, E Aguglia, G Amodeo, M Amore, A Bellomo, R Brugnoli, B Carpiniello, L Dell'Osso, F Di Fabio, M di Giannantonio, G Di Lorenzo, C Marchesi, P Monteleone, C Montemagni, L Oldani, R Romano, R Roncone, P Stratta, E Tenconi, A Vita, P Zeppegno, M Maj
BACKGROUND: The increased use of the MATRICS Consensus Cognitive Battery (MCCB) to investigate cognitive dysfunctions in schizophrenia fostered interest in its sensitivity in the context of family studies. As various measures of the same cognitive domains may have different power to distinguish between unaffected relatives of patients and controls, the relative sensitivity of MCCB tests for relative-control differences has to be established. We compared MCCB scores of 852 outpatients with schizophrenia (SCZ) with those of 342 unaffected relatives (REL) and a normative Italian sample of 774 healthy subjects (HCS)...
October 11, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989752/cultural-investment-and-urban-socio-economic-development-a-geosocial-network-approach
#2
Xiao Zhou, Desislava Hristova, Anastasios Noulas, Cecilia Mascolo, Max Sklar
Being able to assess the impact of government-led investment onto socio-economic indicators in cities has long been an important target of urban planning. However, owing to the lack of large-scale data with a fine spatio-temporal resolution, there have been limitations in terms of how planners can track the impact and measure the effectiveness of cultural investment in small urban areas. Taking advantage of nearly 4 million transition records for 3 years in London from a popular location-based social network service, Foursquare, we study how the socio-economic impact of government cultural expenditure can be detected and predicted...
September 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974257/-but-the-moment-they-find-out-that-you-are-msm%C3%A2-a-qualitative-investigation-of-hiv-prevention-experiences-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-in-ghana-s-health-care-system
#3
Sameer Kushwaha, Yasmin Lalani, Geoffrey Maina, Adedotun Ogunbajo, Leo Wilton, Thomas Agyarko-Poku, Yaw Adu-Sarkodie, Francis Boakye, Nanhua Zhang, LaRon E Nelson
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of HIV in Ghana is 1.3%, compared to 17% among men who have sex with men (MSM). There is limited empirical data on the current health care climate and its impact on HIV prevention services for Ghanaian MSM. The purposes of this study were to investigate (1) MSM's experiences using HIV prevention resources, (2) what factors, including health care climate factors, influenced MSM's use of prevention resources and (3) MSM self-identified strategies for improving HIV/sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevention among MSM in Ghanaian communities...
October 3, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968847/multidimensional-neuroanatomical-subtyping-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#4
Seok-Jun Hong, Sofie L Valk, Adriana Di Martino, Michael P Milham, Boris C Bernhardt
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a group of neurodevelopmental disorders with multiple biological etiologies and highly variable symptoms. Using a novel analytical framework that integrates cortex-wide MRI markers of vertical (i.e., thickness, tissue contrast) and horizontal (i.e., surface area, geodesic distance) cortical organization, we could show that a large multi-centric cohort of individuals with ASD falls into 3 distinctive anatomical subtypes (ASD-I: cortical thickening, increased surface area, tissue blurring; ASD-II: cortical thinning, decreased distance; ASD-III: increased distance)...
September 14, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947389/experience-of-clandestine-use-of-medical-abortion-among-university-students-in-chile-a-qualitative-study
#5
Irma Palma Manríquez, Claudia Moreno Standen, Andrea Álvarez Carimoney, Alondra Richards
OBJECTIVES: o explore the ways in which medical abortion pills are obtained and used by university students in Chile in a clandestine context. STUDY DESIGN: Using a qualitative approach, we conducted in-depth interviews with 30 young women who had had a medical abortion between 2006 and 2016 while attending university. We recorded the details of their pathways to abortion and their experience of abortion, and how they used networks in the university to find the pills and learn how to use them...
September 22, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931499/twitter-and-public-health-part-1-how-individual-public-health-professionals-use-twitter-for-professional-development
#6
Mark Hart, Nichole E Stetten, Sabrina Islam, Katherine Pizarro
BACKGROUND: The use of social networking sites is increasingly being adopted in public health, in part, because of the barriers to funding and reduced resources. Public health professionals are using social media platforms, specifically Twitter, as a way to facilitate professional development. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify public health professionals using Twitter and to analyze how they use this platform to enhance their formal and informal professional development within the context of public health...
September 20, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931014/phonological-memory-in-sign-language-relies-on-the-visuomotor-neural-system-outside-the-left-hemisphere-language-network
#7
Yuji Kanazawa, Kimihiro Nakamura, Toru Ishii, Toshihiko Aso, Hiroshi Yamazaki, Koichi Omori
Sign language is an essential medium for everyday social interaction for deaf people and plays a critical role in verbal learning. In particular, language development in those people should heavily rely on the verbal short-term memory (STM) via sign language. Most previous studies compared neural activations during signed language processing in deaf signers and those during spoken language processing in hearing speakers. For sign language users, it thus remains unclear how visuospatial inputs are converted into the verbal STM operating in the left-hemisphere language network...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926778/korean-immigrants-don-t-buy-health-insurance-the-influences-of-culture-on-self-employed-korean-immigrants-focusing-on-structure-and-functions-of-social-networks
#8
Hyunsung Oh, Chung Hyeon Jeong
Culture has been pinpointed as a culprit of disparities in health insurance coverage between Korean immigrants and other ethnic groups. This study explored specific mechanisms by which culture influences a decision to buy health insurance among self-employed Korean immigrants living in ethnic enclaves by focusing on the structure and functions of social networks. Between March and June 2015, we recruited 24 Korean immigrant adults (aged 18 or older) who identified as self-employed and being uninsured for substantial periods before 2014 in Southern California...
September 12, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916228/cellular-therapy-injections-in-today-s-orthopedic-market-a-social-media-analysis
#9
Prem N Ramkumar, Sergio M Navarro, Heather S Haeberle, Morad Chughtai, Christopher Demetriades, Nicolas S Piuzzi, Michael A Mont, Thomas W Bauer, George F Muschler
BACKGROUND: The current state of cellular therapy for musculoskeletal conditions is at a crossroads. Marketing efforts are often outpacing clinical evidence and regulatory control. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: This study was an effort to describe the marketing of cellular therapy in musculoskeletal medicine by evaluating the content in popular social media channels. Specifically, media posts were evaluated for the following: (1) perspective, (2) tone, (3) content and (4) visibility...
September 12, 2017: Cytotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906409/the-study-on-the-core-personality-trait-words-of-chinese-medical-university-students-based-on-social-network-analysis
#10
Ying Wu, Yunzhen Xue, Zhanling Xue
The medical university students in China whose school work is relatively heavy and educational system is long are a special professional group. Many students have psychological problems more or less. So, to understand their personality characteristics will provide a scientific basis for the intervention of psychological health.We selected top 30 personality trait words according to the order of frequency. Additionally, some methods such as social network analysis (SNA) and visualization technology of mapping knowledge domain were used in this study...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891109/strengthening-community-mental-health-competence-a-realist-informed-case-study-from-dehradun-north-india
#11
Kaaren Mathias, Jeph Mathias, Isabel Goicolea, Michelle Kermode
Few accounts exist of programmes in low- and middle-income countries seeking to strengthen community knowledge and skills in mental health. This case study uses a realist lens to explore how a mental health project in a context with few mental health services, strengthened community mental health competence by increasing community knowledge, creating safer social spaces and engaging partnerships for action. We used predominantly qualitative methods to explore relationships between context, interventions, mechanisms and outcomes in the "natural setting" of a community-based mental health project in Dehradun district, Uttarakhand, North India...
September 11, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889104/machine-learning-analysis-identifies-drosophilagrunge-atrophin-as-an-important-learning-and-memory-gene-required-for-memory-retention-and-social-learning
#12
Balint Z Kacsoh, Casey S Greene, Giovanni Bosco
High throughput experiments are becoming increasingly common, and scientists must balance hypothesis driven experiments with genome wide data acquisition. We sought to predict novel genes involved in Drosophila learning and long-term memory from existing public high-throughput data. We performed an analysis using PILGRM, which analyzes public gene expression compendia using machine learning. We evaluated the top prediction alongside genes involved in learning and memory in IMP, an interface for functional relationship networks...
September 9, 2017: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878997/social-learning-in-otters
#13
Zosia Ladds, William Hoppitt, Neeltje J Boogert
The use of information provided by others to tackle life's challenges is widespread, but should not be employed indiscriminately if it is to be adaptive. Evidence is accumulating that animals are indeed selective and adopt 'social learning strategies'. However, studies have generally focused on fish, bird and primate species. Here we extend research on social learning strategies to a taxonomic group that has been neglected until now: otters (subfamily Lutrinae). We collected social association data on captive groups of two gregarious species: smooth-coated otters (Lutrogale perspicillata), known to hunt fish cooperatively in the wild, and Asian short-clawed otters (Aonyx cinereus), which feed individually on prey requiring extractive foraging behaviours...
August 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876450/what-has-become-of-critique-reassembling-sociology-after-latour
#14
Tom Mills
This paper offers a defence of sociology through an engagement with Actor Network Theory (ANT) and particularly the critique of 'critical' and politically engaged social science developed by Bruno Latour. It argues that ANT identifies some weaknesses in more conventional sociology and social theory, and suggests that 'critical' and 'public' orientated sociologists can learn from the analytical precision and ethnographic sensibilities that characterize ANT as a framework of analysis and a research programme...
September 6, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865001/the-social-networks-of-children-with-and-without-disabilities-in-early-childhood-special-education-classrooms
#15
Jing Chen, Tzu-Jung Lin, Laura Justice, Brook Sawyer
Interaction with peers is an important contributor to young children's social and cognitive development. Yet, little is known about the nature of social networks within preschool inclusive classrooms. The current study applied a social network analysis to characterize children's peer interactions in inclusive classrooms and their relations with children's disability status. The participants were 485 preschoolers from 64 early childhood special education (ECSE) inclusive classrooms. Results from teachers' report of children's social networks showed that children with disabilities formed smaller play networks compared to their typically developing peers in the classroom, but no evidence indicated that children with disabilities engaged in more conflict networks than their counterparts...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855125/theory-of-mind-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-neuropsychological-and-mri-study
#16
Moussa A Chalah, Paul Kauv, Jean-Pascal Lefaucheur, Jérôme Hodel, Alain Créange, Samar S Ayache
OBJECTIVES: Social cognition stands among the most frequently affected yet the least studied cognitive domains in multiple sclerosis (MS). Theory of mind (ToM) is a social cognitive facet that implies the one's ability to predict others' mental states. The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between ToM and neuropsychological and neuroimaging data. METHODS: Thirty-eight consecutive MS patients completed the Reading the Mind in the Eyes test (RMET)...
September 29, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854930/sex-workers-as-peer-health-advocates-community-empowerment-and-transformative-learning-through-a-canadian-pilot-program
#17
Cecilia Benoit, Lynne Belle-Isle, Michaela Smith, Rachel Phillips, Leah Shumka, Chris Atchison, Mikael Jansson, Charlotte Loppie, Jackson Flagg
BACKGROUND: Social marginalization and criminalization create health and safety risks for sex workers and reduce their access to health promotion and prevention services compared to the general population. Community empowerment-based interventions that prioritize the engagement of sex workers show promising results. Peer-to-peer interventions, wherein sex workers act as educators of their colleagues, managers, clients and romantic partners, foster community mobilization and critical consciousness among sex workers and equip them to exercise agency in their work and personal lives...
August 30, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834849/a-review-of-digital-social-and-mobile-technologies-in-health-professional-education
#18
Vernon Curran, Lauren Matthews, Lisa Fleet, Karla Simmons, Diana L Gustafson, Lyle Wetsch
INTRODUCTION: Digital, social, and mobile technologies (DSMTs) can support a wide range of self-directed learning activities, providing learners with diverse resources, information, and ways to network that support their learning needs. DSMTs are increasingly used to facilitate learning across the continuum of health professional education (HPE). Given the diverse characteristics of DSMTs and the formal, informal, and nonformal nature of health professional learning, a review of the literature on DSMTs and HPE could inform more effective adoption and usage by regulatory organizations, educators, and learners...
July 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827256/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-trials-of-social-network-interventions-in-type-2-diabetes
#19
Gabriela Spencer-Bonilla, Oscar J Ponce, Rene Rodriguez-Gutierrez, Neri Alvarez-Villalobos, Patricia J Erwin, Laura Larrea-Mantilla, Anne Rogers, Victor M Montori
OBJECTIVES: In the care of patients with type 2 diabetes, self-management is emphasised and studied while theory and observations suggest that patients also benefit from social support. We sought to assess the effect of social network interventions on social support, glycaemic control and quality of life in patients with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We searched Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid EBM Reviews, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, EMBASE, PsycINFO and CINAHL through April 2017 for randomised clinical trials (RCTs) of social network interventions in patients with type 2 diabetes...
August 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818075/perspectives-of-basic-wheelchair-users-on-improving-their-access-to-wheelchair-services-in-kenya-and-philippines-a-qualitative-study
#20
Emma Williams, Elizabeth Hurwitz, Immaculate Obaga, Brenda Onguti, Adovich Rivera, Tyrone Reden L Sy, R Lee Kirby, Jamie Noon, Deepti Tanuku, Anthony Gichangi, Eva Bazant
BACKGROUND: The United Nations has called for countries to improve access to mobility devices when needed. The World Health Organization has published guidelines on the provision of manual wheelchairs in less-resourced settings. Yet little is known about the extent to which appropriate wheelchairs are available and provided according to international guidelines. This study's purpose was to describe wheelchair users' experiences receiving services and acquiring wheelchair skills in urban and peri-urban areas of Kenya and the Philippines...
August 17, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
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