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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440807/palliative-care-policy-analysis-in-iran-a-conceptual-model
#1
Mojgan Ansari, Maryam Rassouli, Mohhamad Esmaiel Akbari, Abbas Abbaszadeh, Ali Akbarisari
Background: Palliative care programs are rapidly evolving for patients with life-threatening illnesses. Increased and earlier access for facilities is a subject of growing importance in health services, policy, and research. Aim: This study was conducted to explain stakeholders' perceptions of the factors affecting the design of such a palliative care system and its policy analysis. Methodology: Semi-structured in-depth interviews conducted following purposive sampling of the participants...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425624/internet-and-social-media-use-for-antibiotic-related-information-seeking-findings-from-a-survey-among-adult-population-in-italy
#2
Rossella Zucco, Francesco Lavano, Rosa Anfosso, Aida Bianco, Claudia Pileggi, Maria Pavia
BACKGROUND: The Internet represents an increasingly common source of health-related information. Internet and Social Media can be used to promote a prudent use of antibiotics. OBJECTIVE: To establish the extent of Internet and Social Media use to search for antibiotic related information and the potential implications in health care among adult population in Italy. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted from March to May 2017, among a sample of parents of public school students...
March 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422178/understanding-the-cervical-screening-behaviour-of-chinese-women-the-role-of-health-care-system-and-health-professions
#3
Can Gu, Carmen W H Chan, Ka Ming Chow, Shengbo Yang, Yang Luo, Huilin Cheng, Honghong Wang
BACKGROUND: In China, cervical cancer cases are increasing, making an impact on the worldwide burden of cervical cancer. Despite the initiatives undertaken by the Chinese government, the current coverage of cervical screening in China remains suboptimal. There is an urgent need to identify the facilitators and barriers associated with the uptake of cervical cancer screening among the Chinese population. PURPOSE: The study aimed to explore the experiences and perceptions of cervical cancer screening of mainland Chinese women in relation to their screening behaviour, particularly in the aspects of health care system and health profession roles...
February 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420233/using-confirmatory-factor-analysis-to-explore-associated-factors-of-intimate-partner-violence-in-a-sample-of-chinese-rural-women-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Fengsu Hou, Catherine Cerulli, Marsha N Wittink, Eric D Caine, Peiyuan Qiu
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) among a sample of rural Chinese women and to explore associated factors. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Rural areas of Guangyuan City, Sichuan, China. PARTICIPANTS: We recruited 1501 women, aged 16 years and older, who had been living locally for at least 2 years and reported being married or in a relationship during the past 12 months...
February 2, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409481/how-the-study-of-online-collaborative-learning-can-guide-teachers-and-predict-students-performance-in-a-medical-course
#5
Mohammed Saqr, Uno Fors, Matti Tedre
BACKGROUND: Collaborative learning facilitates reflection, diversifies understanding and stimulates skills of critical and higher-order thinking. Although the benefits of collaborative learning have long been recognized, it is still rarely studied by social network analysis (SNA) in medical education, and the relationship of parameters that can be obtained via SNA with students' performance remains largely unknown. The aim of this work was to assess the potential of SNA for studying online collaborative clinical case discussions in a medical course and to find out which activities correlate with better performance and help predict final grade or explain variance in performance...
February 6, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409146/validation-of-the-brief-fear-of-negative-evaluation-scale-ii-in-patients-with-systemic-sclerosis-a-scleroderma-patient-centered-intervention-network-cohort-study
#6
Rina S Fox, Linda Kwakkenbos, Marie-Eve Carrier, Sarah D Mills, Shadi Gholizadeh, Lisa R Jewett, Scott C Roesch, Erin L Merz, Shervin Assassi, Daniel E Furst, Karen Gottesman, Maureen D Mayes, Brett D Thombs, Vanessa L Malcarne
OBJECTIVE: Fear of negative evaluation is a common concern among individuals with visible differences but has received limited attention in systemic sclerosis (SSc), which can involve substantial changes to appearance. The Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale (BFNE) was specifically designed to evaluate fear of negative evaluation. There are currently three versions of the BFNE with strong demonstrated measurement properties: two eight-item versions (BFNE-S, BFNE-8) and one 12-item version (BFNE-II)...
February 6, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407606/family-poly-victimization-and-cyberbullying-among-adolescents-in-a-chinese-school-sample
#7
QiQi Chen, Camilla K M Lo, Yuhong Zhu, Anne Cheung, Ko Ling Chan, Patrick Ip
The sustained increase in their use of social networking facilitates the development of adolescents but comes with the risk of cyberbullying, which creates new challenges in regard to adolescent protection. Past evidence shows that family victimization may play an essential role in the way adolescents learn cyberbullying behaviors. Yet, research on the co-occurrence of family victimization and cyberbullying is limited. This study aims to investigate the associations between cyberbullying and family victimization among adolescents, and to examine the health correlates of cyberbullying and family poly-victimization...
February 1, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362213/functional-knowledge-of-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-hiv-prevention-among-participants-in-a-web-based-survey-of-sexually-active-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-cross-sectional-study
#8
Erin M Kahle, Stephen Sullivan, Rob Stephenson
BACKGROUND: Awareness of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV prevention is increasing, but little is known about the functional knowledge of PrEP and its impact on willingness to use PrEP. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the functional knowledge of PrEP among a sample of gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) participating in a Web-based survey of sexually active MSM. METHODS: Men at least 18 years old, residing in the United States, and reporting sex with a man in the previous 6 months were recruited through social networking websites...
January 23, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355398/using-twitter-to-access-the-human-right-of-communication-for-people-who-use-augmentative-and-alternative-communication-aac
#9
Bronwyn Hemsley, Stuart Palmer, Stephen Dann, Susan Balandin
PURPOSE: Articles 19, 26 and 27 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and Articles 4, 9 and 21 of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities promote the human rights of communication, education, use of technology and access to information. Social media is an important form of online communication, and Twitter increases users' visibility, influence and reach online. The aim of this sociotechnical research was to determine the impact of teaching three people who use Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) to use Twitter...
January 22, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328983/social-and-cognitive-control-skills-in-long-life-occupation-activities-modulate-the-brain-reserve-in-the-behavioural-variant-of-frontotemporal-dementia
#10
Alessandra Dodich, Giulia Carli, Chiara Cerami, Sandro Iannaccone, Giuseppe Magnani, Daniela Perani
BACKGROUND: Cognitive reserve may delay disease onset and mitigate symptoms presentation in neurodegenerative dementias. Although high occupation levels can be associated with higher cognitive reserve in the behavioural variant of frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD), it was never addressed how specific occupation profiles involving social interaction, executive and attention abilities can modulate neural reserve in bvFTD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively included thirty-seven bvFTD patients with clinical-neuropsychological and FDG-PET brain metabolic data...
December 19, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325409/all-health-partnerships-great-and-small-comparing-mandated-with-emergent-health-partnerships-comment-on-evaluating-global-health-partnerships-a-case-study-of-a-gavi-hpv-vaccine-application-process-in-uganda
#11
Elaine Green, Dan Ritman, Graeme Chisholm
The plurality of healthcare providers and funders in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) has given rise to an era in which health partnerships are becoming the norm in international development. Whether mandated or emergent, three common drivers are essential for ensuring successful health partnerships: trust; a diverse and inclusive network; and a clear governance structure. Mandated and emergent health partnerships operate as very different models and at different scales. However, there is potential for sharing and learning between these types of partnerships...
June 11, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317007/growing-health-partnerships-in-rural-and-remote-communities-what-drives-the-joint-efforts-of-primary-schools-and-universities-in-maintaining-service-learning-partnerships
#12
Sue Kirby, Fabian P Held, Debra Jones, David Lyle
Aim This study explored the partnership between universities and local primary schools to deliver a classroom-based paediatric communication impairment service provided by undergraduate speech pathology students. It aimed to understand how partnerships work to facilitate programme replication. BACKGROUND: The partners included universities sending students on rural clinical placement, local host academic units and primary schools who worked together to provide paediatric speech and language services in primary schools in three sites in Australia...
January 10, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310683/exploring-multi-level-system-factors-facilitating-educator-training-and-implementation-of-evidence-based-practices-ebp-a-study-protocol
#13
Aubyn C Stahmer, Jessica Suhrheinrich, Patricia L Schetter, Elizabeth McGee Hassrick
BACKGROUND: This study examines how system-wide (i.e., region, district, and school) mechanisms such as leadership support, training requirements, structure, collaboration, and education affect the use of evidence-based practices (EBPs) in schools and how this affects the outcomes for students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Despite growing evidence for the positive effects of EBPs for ASD, these practices are not consistently or effectively used in schools. Although special education programs are mandated to use EBPs, there are very few evidence-based methods for selecting, implementing, and sustaining EBPs...
January 8, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306372/twitter-journal-clubs-and-continuing-professional-development-an-analysis-of-a-medradjclub-tweet-chat
#14
A Bolderston, J Watson, N Woznitza, A Westerink, L Di Prospero, G Currie, C Beardmore, J Hewis
INTRODUCTION: Online Twitter journal clubs are a recent and popular innovation with the potential to increase research awareness and inform practice. The medical radiation sciences' MedRadJournalClub (MJRC) is a Twitter-based event that attracts a global group of participants at the monthly chats. An analysis of a recent MedRadJournalClub discussion evaluated the perceived benefits and limitations of medical radiation practitioners participating in an online journal club. METHODS: The February 2017 chat used for analysis was based on the Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences article by Currie et al...
February 2018: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301737/privacy-policies-for-apps-targeted-toward-youth-descriptive-analysis-of-readability
#15
Gitanjali Das, Cynthia Cheung, Camille Nebeker, Matthew Bietz, Cinnamon Bloss
BACKGROUND: Due to the growing availability of consumer information, the protection of personal data is of increasing concern. OBJECTIVE: We assessed readability metrics of privacy policies for apps that are either available to or targeted toward youth to inform strategies to educate and protect youth from unintentional sharing of personal data. METHODS: We reviewed the 1200 highest ranked apps from the Apple and Google Play Stores and systematically selected apps geared toward youth...
January 4, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295706/a-qualitative-study-on-older-primary-care-patients-perspectives-on-depression-and-its-treatments-potential-barriers-to-and-opportunities-for-managing-depression
#16
Anne Stark, Hanna Kaduszkiewicz, Janine Stein, Wolfgang Maier, Kathrin Heser, Siegfried Weyerer, Jochen Werle, Birgitt Wiese, Silke Mamone, Hans-Helmut König, Jens-Oliver Bock, Steffi G Riedel-Heller, Martin Scherer
BACKGROUND: Depression is one of the most common mental disorders in old age and is associated with various negative health consequences for the affected individual. Studies suggest that patients' views on depression have an impact on help-seeking behaviour and treatment. It is thus important to investigate the patient's perspective in order to ascertain optimum management of depression in late life. However, studies on depression and its treatment exploring the perspectives of primary care patients 75 years or older, are rare...
January 3, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273572/facebook-groups-as-a-powerful-and-dynamic-tool-in-medical-education-mixed-method-study
#17
Leo Nicolai, Moritz Schmidbauer, Maximilian Gradel, Sabine Ferch, Sofía Antón, Boj Hoppe, Tanja Pander, Philip von der Borch, Severin Pinilla, Martin Fischer, Konstantinos Dimitriadis
BACKGROUND: Social networking sites, in particular Facebook, are not only predominant in students' social life but are to varying degrees interwoven with the medical curriculum. Particularly, Facebook groups have been identified for their potential in higher education. However, there is a paucity of data on user types, content, and dynamics of study-related Facebook groups. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the role of study-related Facebook group use, characterize medical students that use or avoid using Facebook groups (demographics, participation pattern, and motivation), and analyze student posting behavior, covered topics, dynamics, and limitations in Facebook groups with regards to educational usage...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244814/forecasting-influenza-like-illness-dynamics-for-military-populations-using-neural-networks-and-social-media
#18
Svitlana Volkova, Ellyn Ayton, Katherine Porterfield, Courtney D Corley
This work is the first to take advantage of recurrent neural networks to predict influenza-like illness (ILI) dynamics from various linguistic signals extracted from social media data. Unlike other approaches that rely on timeseries analysis of historical ILI data and the state-of-the-art machine learning models, we build and evaluate the predictive power of neural network architectures based on Long Short Term Memory (LSTMs) units capable of nowcasting (predicting in "real-time") and forecasting (predicting the future) ILI dynamics in the 2011 - 2014 influenza seasons...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229659/a-smoking-prevention-photoageing-intervention-for-secondary-schools-in-brazil-delivered-by-medical-students-protocol-for-a-randomised-trial
#19
Bianca Lisa Faria, Christian M Brieske, Ioana Cosgarea, Albert J Omlor, Fabian N Fries, Christian Olber Moreira de Faria, Henrique Augusto Lino, Ana Carla Cruz Oliveira, Oscar Campos Lisboa, Joachim Klode, Dirk Schadendorf, Breno Bernardes-Souza, Titus J Brinker
INTRODUCTION: Most smokers start smoking during their early adolescence, often with the idea that smoking is glamorous; the dramatic health consequences are too far in the future to fathom. We recently designed and tested an intervention that takes advantage of the broad availability of mobile phones as well as adolescents' interest in their appearance. A free photoageing mobile app (Smokerface) was implemented by medical students in secondary schools via a novel method called mirroring...
December 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222076/adverse-drug-event-discovery-using-biomedical-literature-a-big-data-neural-network-adventure
#20
Ahmad P Tafti, Jonathan Badger, Eric LaRose, Ehsan Shirzadi, Andrea Mahnke, John Mayer, Zhan Ye, David Page, Peggy Peissig
BACKGROUND: The study of adverse drug events (ADEs) is a tenured topic in medical literature. In recent years, increasing numbers of scientific articles and health-related social media posts have been generated and shared daily, albeit with very limited use for ADE study and with little known about the content with respect to ADEs. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop a big data analytics strategy that mines the content of scientific articles and health-related Web-based social media to detect and identify ADEs...
December 8, 2017: JMIR Medical Informatics
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