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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535638/-application-of-long-term-video-electroencephalogram-and-resting-state-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-detection-of-cognition-in-patients-with-benign-epilepsy-of-childhood-with-centrotemporal-spikes
#1
X X Yan, Q Yu, Y T Gao, L T Li, D H Yu, Y Chen, X J Yao, W D Yang, Z J Chen, J Z Yin, Y An, K Tan
Objective: To study the relationship between the changes of brain network and cognition in patients with benign epilepsy of childhood with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS) by using long term video electroencephalogram (VEEG) and resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (RS-fMRI) technology. Methods: Eleven patients with right-handed were recruited (from April 2015 to September 2016) from epilepsy specialist outpatients and functional department of neurosurgery of Tianjin Medical University General Hospital...
May 23, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535477/the-effect-of-crash-characteristics-on-cyclist-injuries-an-analysis-of-virginia-automobile-bicycle-crash-data
#2
Erin Robartes, T Donna Chen
This paper examines bicyclist, automobile driver, vehicle, environmental, and roadway characteristics that influence cyclist injury severity in order to determine which factors should be addressed to mitigate the worst bicyclist injuries. An ordered probit model is used to examine single bicycle-single vehicle crashes from Virginia police crash report data from 2010 to 2014. Five injury severity levels are considered: fatalities, severe injuries, minor or possible injuries, no apparent injuries, and no injury...
May 20, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535445/correlates-of-muscle-dysmorphia-symptomatology-in-natural-bodybuilders-distinguishing-factors-in-the-pursuit-of-hyper-muscularity
#3
Lachlan Mitchell, Stuart B Murray, Matthew Hoon, Daniel Hackett, Tania Prvan, Helen O'Connor
Muscle dysmorphia (MD) is characterized by the pathological pursuit of muscularity and leanness, which includes eating- and exercise-related practices. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to identify correlations of MD symptomatology in natural bodybuilders. An online survey assessing diet, supplementation and training practices, and MD and eating disorder symptoms was completed by male bodybuilders with recent experience competing in a drug-tested competition. Sixty participants (age 29.6±7.1 years) completed the survey...
May 20, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535380/development-of-an-international-comorbidity-education-framework
#4
C Lawson, S Pati, J Green, G Messina, A Strömberg, N Nante, D Golinelli, A Verzuri, S White, T Jaarsma, P Walsh, P Lonsdale, U T Kadam
CONTEXT: The increasing number of people living with multiple chronic conditions in addition to an index condition has become an international healthcare priority. Health education curricula have been developed alongside single condition frameworks in health service policy and practice and need redesigning to incorporate optimal management of multiple conditions. AIM: Our aims were to evaluate current teaching and learning about comorbidity care amongst the global population of healthcare students from different disciplines and to develop an International Comorbidity Education Framework (ICEF) for incorporating comorbidity concepts into health education...
May 17, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535379/image-and-message-recruiting-the-right-nurses-for-the-profession-a-qualitative-study
#5
Anthony Tuckett, Hyein Kim, Jihye Huh
AIM: The aim of this study was to identify the key word(s) or phrases; and key image(s) new to nursing professionals would recommend using in a recruitment poster to encourage school leavers to study nursing or midwifery. BACKGROUND: An updated imaging and messaging in the profession is needed in recruitment initiatives targeting high school students to perceive registered nursing as a lifelong career. METHOD: Open-ended responses reported through the Graduate e-Cohort Study (GeS) Survey 7 2015, representing 109 nursing and midwifery graduates from Australia and New Zealand...
May 17, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535331/computer-and-mobile-technology-interventions-for-self-management-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#6
REVIEW
Catherine McCabe, Margaret McCann, Anne Marie Brady
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterised by airflow obstruction due to an abnormal inflammatory response of the lungs to noxious particles or gases, for example, cigarette smoke. The pattern of care for people with moderate to very severe COPD often involves regular lengthy hospital admissions, which result in high healthcare costs and an undesirable effect on quality of life. Research over the past decade has focused on innovative methods for developing enabling and assistive technologies that facilitate patient self-management...
May 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535321/rural-family-medicine-outcomes-at-the-university-of-minnesota-medical-school-duluth
#7
Anna Fuglestad, Jacob Prunuske, Ronald Regal, Courtney Hunter, James Boulger, Amy Prunuske
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The University of Minnesota Medical School Duluth (MSD) opened in 1972 with a mission to train physicians serving rural Minnesota, emphasizing family medicine and American Indian (AI) communities. Nationwide there are shortages in family medicine and AI physicians, and MSD is a leader in these outcomes. METHODS: This is a longitudinal, retrospective cohort analysis of 1972-2009 MSD graduates using descriptive statistics and multivariate regression to determine relationships between gender, race, age, and hometown and outcomes of family medicine specialty, rural practice, and rural family medicine practice...
May 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535320/effectiveness-of-a-labor-cervical-exam-model-in-family-medicine-and-ob-gyn-residents
#8
Joshua F Nitsche, Nora F Fino, Jose M Palomo, Abraham Portillo Perdomo, Brian C Brost
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Labor cervical exam accuracy is an essential skill for family medicine and OB-GYN residents to master. To determine the effectiveness of simulation on labor cervical exam training, family medicine and OB-GYN residents were trained using a self-constructed PVC pipe-based cervical exam model during a short and intensive simulation workshop or "boot camp." METHODS: A task trainer was constructed that allows for the blind examination of cervical dilation and effacement...
May 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535319/linking-the-heart-and-the-head-humanism-and-professionalism-in-medical-education-and-practice
#9
Lynda Montgomery, Sana Loue, Kurt C Stange
This paper articulates a practical interpretive framework for understanding humanism in medicine through the lens of how it is taught and learned. Beginning with a search for key tensions and relevant insights in the literature on humanism in health professions education, we synthesized a conceptual model designed to foster reflection and action to realize humanistic principles in medical education and practice. The resulting model centers on the interaction between the heart and the head. The heart represents the emotive domains of empathy, compassion, and connectedness...
May 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535318/allopathic-and-osteopathic-medicine-unify-gme-accreditation-a-historic-convergence
#10
Abdul-Kareem H Ahmed, Peter F Schnatz, Eli Y Adashi
In 1968, the American Medical Association resolved to accept qualified graduates of osteopathic medical schools into its accredited Graduate Medical Education (GME) programs. An equally momentous decision was arrived at in 2014 when the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME), the American Osteopathic Association (AOA), and the American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine (AACOM) resolved to institute a single unified GME accreditation system by July 1, 2020. As envisioned, the unified accreditation system will all but assure system-wide consistency of purpose and practice in anticipation of the Next Accreditation System (NAS) of the ACGME...
May 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535316/residents-confidence-providing-primary-care-with-behavioral-health-integration
#11
Patrick Hemming, Amber Hewitt, Joseph J Gallo, Rodger Kessler, R B Levine
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Behavioral health integration (BHI) entails integrated behavioral health clinicians (IBHCs) providing care-generally for mental health and substance abuse disorders and behavioral comorbidity- within the operational functioning of primary care. Because limited data exist regarding BHI in residency, we studied its impact on resident education by examining whether increased behavioral health (BH) co-management improved residents' perceived ability to treat BH conditions...
May 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535313/factors-associated-with-interest-in-pursuing-a-fourth-year-of-family-medicine-residency-training
#12
Patricia A Carney, M Patrice Eiff, Elaine Waller, Lars E Peterson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The optimal length of residency training in family medicine, as with emergency medicine, is an ongoing debate due to several factors, but perceptions of graduating residents are missing from this debate. METHODS: We used data from 3,054 family medicine residents who registered for the American Board of Family Medicine certification examination in 2014. A practice demographic questionnaire was a mandatory component of registration. The survey included the question, "If another year of training were available in your residency program, how likely would you be to pursue that?" We examined several factors potentially associated with interest in additional training...
May 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535312/residency-education-at-a-crossroads
#13
John Saultz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535144/can-hybrid-educational-activities-of-team-and-problem-based-learning-program-be-effective-for-japanese-medical-students
#14
Kentaro Iwata, Asako Doi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535140/relation-between-body-mass-index-and-body-image-in-spanish-and-mexican-adolescents
#15
Jesús Roberto García Sandoval, José Carlos Caracuel, Armando Cocca, Michaela Cocca, Oswaldo Ceballos Gurrola
This article aims to study the relation between Body Mass Index (BMI) and body image in adolescents from two different social environments in Spain and Mexico, and to compare the construction of an appropriate body scheme in youth from these two countries. The majority of participants were found to be in the normal weight category of BMI. No significant differences were found in BMI or body image comparing Mexican and Spanish adolescents. Regardless of the country of origin, youth belonging to the weight deficit category of BMI overestimated their body shape, whereas those pertaining to overweight and obesity categories underestimated it...
May 23, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535139/otitis-media-with-effusion-our-national-practice
#16
Rachel E Roditi, Richard M Rosenfeld, Jennifer J Shin
Otitis media with effusion (OME) is the focus of an updated multidisciplinary clinical practice guideline published by the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation (AAO-HNSF) and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). Based on data from clinical trials, the guideline recommends against using antihistamines, antibiotics, oral steroids, and intranasal steroids for OME. To understand practice patterns related to these guidelines, we assessed nationally representative data. Despite controlling for age, sex, race/ethnicity, and other potential confounders individualized for each medication class, an increased risk of antihistamine (odds ratio [OR], 3...
April 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535117/evaluation-of-a-chaplain-residency-program-and-its-partnership-with-an-in-patient-palliative-care-team
#17
Elizabeth Jackson-Jordan, Cynthia Stafford, Sara V Stratton, TeresaMarie T Vilagos, Angela Janssen Keenan, Greg Hathaway
In 2009 a Consensus Conference of experts in the field of spiritual care and palliative care recommended the inclusion of Board-certified professional chaplains with at least 1,600 hours of clinical pastoral education as members of palliative care teams. This study evaluates a clinical pastoral education residency program's effectiveness in preparing persons to provide spiritual care for those with serious illness and in increasing the palliative care team members' understanding of the chaplain as part of the palliative care team...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535113/quality-of-life-of-the-elderly-on-old-age-pension-in-lesotho
#18
Eltony Mugomeri, Peter Chatanga, Ts'ele Khetheng, Jotham Dhemba
The southern African country of Lesotho introduced an old age pension scheme in 2004 with the aim of enhancing the quality of life (QoL) of the nation's elderly population. This study is the first to assess the physical, psychological, social and environmental aspects of the health-related QoL of the elderly in Lesotho since the pension scheme was adopted. Data for this study was gathered using the World Health Organization QoL-Bref questionnaire. Mean QoL scores were compared across demographic, socio-economic and clinical variables using analysis of variance (ANOVA), T-test and regression analysis...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535096/mandated-high-school-concussion-education-and-collegiate-athletes-understanding-of-concussion
#19
Miriam Carroll-Alfano
CONTEXT:   Concussions in student-athletes are a serious problem. Most states have enacted legislation mandating concussion education for student-athletes, under the assumption that education leads to better self-reporting of concussions and improved knowledge of symptoms. OBJECTIVE:   (1) To determine the effect of state-based concussion legislation on the proportion of student-athletes receiving concussion education and to assess the moderation of this effect by gender and sport and (2) to assess the effect of concussion education on student-athletes' knowledge of concussion symptoms and likelihood of seeking treatment after a concussion...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535073/paced-auditory-serial-addition-test-pasat-3-0%C3%A2-s-demographically-corrected-norms-for-the-portuguese-population
#20
Claudia Sofia Sousa, Mariana Rigueiro Neves, Ana Margarida Passos, Aristides Ferreira, Maria José Sá
The main goal of this study was to produce adjusted normative data for the Portuguese population on the Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test (PASAT 3.0 s), the version used in the Brief Repeatable Battery of Neuropsychological Tests developed by the National Multiple Sclerosis Society. The study included 326 community-dwelling individuals (199 women and 127 men) aged between 20 and 70 (mean = 40.33, SD = 14.40), who had educational backgrounds ranging from 4 to 23 years of schooling (mean = 12...
May 23, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
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