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Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, David C Grossman, Susan J Curry, Karina W Davidson, John W Epling, Francisco A R García, Alex R Kemper, Alex H Krist, Ann E Kurth, C Seth Landefeld, Carol M Mangione, William R Phillips, Maureen G Phipps, Michael P Pignone
Importance: There is convincing evidence that breastfeeding provides substantial health benefits for children. However, nearly half of all US mothers who initially breastfeed stop doing so by 6 months, and there are significant disparities in breastfeeding rates among younger mothers and in disadvantaged communities. Objective: To update the 2008 US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation on primary care interventions to promote breastfeeding. Evidence Review: The USPSTF reviewed the evidence on the effectiveness of interventions to support breastfeeding on breastfeeding initiation, duration, and exclusivity...
October 25, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Abukari I Issaka, Kingsley E Agho, Andre M N Renzaho
OBJECTIVE: The literature on the impact of internal migration on under-five mortality in sub-Saharan Africa has been limited. This study examined the impact of internal migration on under-five mortality rate in 27 sub-Saharan African countries. DESIGN: The analysis used cross-sectional data from the most recent Demographic and Health Surveys of 27 sub-Saharan African countries. Information on the number of live births and the number of under-five deaths in the five years preceding the surveys in these countries was examined...
2016: PloS One
Michael K Yeung, Sophia L Sze, Jean Woo, Timothy Kwok, David H K Shum, Ruby Yu, Agnes S Chan
BACKGROUND: Some functional magnetic resonance imaging studies have reported altered activations in the frontal cortex during working memory (WM) performance in individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), but the findings have been mixed. The objective of the present study was to utilize near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), an alternative imaging technique, to examine neural processing during WM performance in individuals with MCI. METHODS: Twenty-six older adults with MCI (7 males; mean age 69...
October 27, 2016: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
Dror Alishekevitz, Svetlana Gingis-Velitski, Orit Kaidar-Person, Lilach Gutter-Kapon, Sandra D Scherer, Ziv Raviv, Emmanuelle Merquiol, Yael Ben-Nun, Valeria Miller, Chen Rachman-Tzemah, Michael Timaner, Yelena Mumblat, Neta Ilan, David Loven, Dov Hershkovitz, Ronit Satchi-Fainaro, Galia Blum, Jonathan P Sleeman, Israel Vlodavsky, Yuval Shaked
While chemotherapy strongly restricts or reverses tumor growth, the response of host tissue to therapy can counteract its anti-tumor activity by promoting tumor re-growth and/or metastases, thus limiting therapeutic efficacy. Here, we show that vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 3 (VEGFR3)-expressing macrophages infiltrating chemotherapy-treated tumors play a significant role in metastasis. They do so in part by inducing lymphangiogenesis as a result of cathepsin release, leading to VEGF-C upregulation by heparanase...
October 25, 2016: Cell Reports
Kelly Walker, Megan Arbour, Justin Waryold
Graduate medical, nursing, and midwifery curricula often have limited amounts of time to focus on issues related to cultural competency in clinical practice, and respectful sexual and reproductive health care for all individuals in particular. Respectful health care that addresses sexual and reproductive concerns is a right for everyone, including those who self-identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT). LGBT persons have unique reproductive health care needs as well as increased risks for poor health outcomes...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
Madelien V Regeer, Michel I M Versteegh, Nina Ajmone Marsan, Martin J Schalij, Robert J M Klautz, Jeroen J Bax, Victoria Delgado
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Echocardiography
Wedad Matar Almutairi, Susan M Ludington-Hoe
BACKGROUND: Less than 20% of the 996 NICUs in the United States routinely practice kangaroo care, due in part to the inadequate knowledge and skills confidence of nurses. Continuing education improves knowledge and skills acquisition, but the effects of a kangaroo care certification course on nurses' knowledge and skills confidence are unknown. METHOD: A pretest-posttest quasi-experiment was conducted. The Kangaroo Care Knowledge and Skills Confidence Tool was administered to 68 RNs at a 2...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
Solimar Figueroa, Julie Gardner, Jose Irizarry, Tanya Cohn
BACKGROUND: The transition to practice for new graduate nurses poses distinct challenges at the point of care. The complicated work environment necessitates a preceptorship model that maintains safety at all times. METHOD: This study used survey, focus groups, and interviews to assess the effects of the married state preceptorship model (MSPM) on the experiences and perceptions of the new nurses and preceptors in a hospital setting. RESULTS: The result validated the original findings from the new nurses' survey, indicating all (N = 28, 100%) of the new nurses found the MSPM to be beneficial, promote safety, and lessen anxiety, and 27 (96%) thought it helped them to assume a full patient load...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
Donna M Lake, Patricia E Allen, Myrna L Armstrong
Nursing continues to face professional workforce and diversity shortage problems. This article advocates for examining an untapped resource-the consideration of applicants for nursing leadership and educational positions in civilian health care organizations. This untapped resource is highly qualified, already retired (or going to be separated) military nurse officers (MNOs) who possess extensive health care knowledge, as well as distinctive ethnicity and gender composition. Clinical educators, as part of the organizational leadership, can play an important role in assisting the MNO civilian position assimilation because they come from a structured and unique cultural environment...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
Joy Longo, Linda Cassidy, Rose Sherman
: HOW TO OBTAIN CONTACT HOURS BY READING THIS ISSUE Instructions: 1.2 contact hours will be awarded by Villanova University College of Nursing upon successful completion of this activity. A contact hour is a unit of measurement that denotes 60 minutes of an organized learning activity. This is a learner-based activity. Villanova University College of Nursing does not require submission of your answers to the quiz. A contact hour certificate will be awarded after you register, pay the registration fee, and complete the evaluation form online at http://goo...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
Tammy C Roman, Kylene Abraham, Kathleen Dever
In 2015, the Academy for Leadership in Long-Term Care received a grant to provide interprofessional training on the strategies and techniques of TeamSTEPPS(®). The results indicated significant changes in the participants' teamwork and communication strategies to improve resident safety. In part one of this article, the discussion includes the background, literature review, and design of this TeamSTEPPS academic partnership. J Contin Educ Nurs. 2016;47(11):490-492.
November 1, 2016: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
Jan Jones-Schenk
Palliative care, an important interdisciplinary care modality, is not just for the terminally ill. The Institute of Medicine calls the improvement of end-of-life care a national priority. Developing a culture of ongoing integration of topics such as palliative care into a patient-focused care curriculum would be a lasting and important contribution from professional development educators. J Contin Educ Nurs. 2016;47(11):487-489.
November 1, 2016: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
Kenesha Bradley
Adequate fall prevention interventions are a challenge that nurses continue to endure. Remote video monitoring can be used in conjunction with other fall prevention interventions. This article describes remote video monitoring technology and the benefits and challenges associated with its implementation. J Contin Educ Nurs. 2016;47(11):484-486.
November 1, 2016: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
Pamela S Dickerson
Continuing education departments are charged with the responsibility of developing, implementing, and evaluating education that improves the practice of nursing and enhances the professional development of the nurse. This article addresses the importance of the continuing education (CE) Specialist in supporting this work. J Contin Educ Nurs. 2016;47(11):482-483.
November 1, 2016: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
Desiree Hensel
BACKGROUND: Undergraduate research is a high-impact educational practice that fosters deep learning. Study design is an important factor to consider when planning for student success. METHOD: Q-methodology uses statistical principles to study subjectivity and can be successfully used by undergraduate nursing students to build research skills and foster deep learning. RESULTS: Authentic assessments evidencing attainment of the desired learning outcomes in student studies include well-written literature reviews, successful institutional review board submissions, completed projects, and dissemination of findings...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Education
Mary K Donnelly, Karan S Kverno, Anne E Belcher, Lindsay R Ledebur, Linda D Gerson
BACKGROUND: Online graduate courses provide opportunities for faculty to use technology and digital applications to enhance student learning and learning environments. In nursing education, as we become increasingly dependent on technology, it is important to ensure that both faculty and students add digital literacy to their repertoire of knowledge and skills. VoiceThread(©), one type of Web-based digital application tool, allows students and faculty to verbally communicate and collaborate asynchronously...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Education
Danielle Walker, Terese Verklan
BACKGROUND: The clinical setting creates significant anxiety for students that can decrease their ability to learn. METHOD: This quasi-experimental study examined whether nursing students who participate in peer mentoring during their first clinical experience (n = 18) experienced less anxiety than those in traditional clinical experiences (n = 19). Anxiety was measured using the standardized State Trait Anxiety Index and the Clinical Experiences Anxiety Form (CEAF)...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Education
Mary L Padden-Denmead, Rose M Scaffidi, Regina M Kerley, Amy Lee Farside
BACKGROUND: Simulation and guided reflective journaling have been identified as effective teaching and learning methods to develop critical thinking (CT) and clinical reasoning skills in nursing students. METHOD: A descriptive correlational design was used to determine the relationship between CT and level of reflection using the Holistic Critical Thinking Skills Rubric (HCTSR) and the level of reflection on action assessment (LORAA), respectively, to evaluate 23 baccalaureate student-guided reflective journal entries after a simulation exercise with guided debriefing and after two subsequent clinical experiences...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Education
Karen J Foli, Pamela Karagory, Kristen Kirby
BACKGROUND: Digital badges are virtual and visual representations of achievement by an individual learner. Student motivation to attain competencies in quality and safety may be increased through earning badges; however, empirical research in the literature is scarce. METHOD: Approximately 100 nursing students' perceptions of digital badges were assessed after completing online safety and quality of care modules. The attention, relevance, confidence, and satisfaction (ARCS) model of motivation was used as a theoretical framework...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Education
Barbara J Daley, Sarah Morgan, Sarah Beman Black
BACKGROUND: Although concept mapping was created in the early 1980s, research in nursing education first appeared in 1992. This literature review analyzes the impact of concept mapping in nursing education. METHOD: A total of 221 articles, books, and book chapters were reviewed on the topic of concept mapping in nursing education. RESULTS: Results indicate that concept-mapping research progressed from the emergence state, to an expansion and adaptation stage, to an established stage...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Education
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