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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779261/better-diet-quality-is-associated-with-lower-odds-of-severe-periodontitis-in-us-hispanics-latinos
#1
Christian R Salazar, Nadia Laniado, Yasmin Mossavar-Rahmani, Luisa N Borrell, Qibin Qi, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Douglas E Morse, Richard H Singer, Robert C Kaplan, Victor Badner, Ira B Lamster
AIM: We investigated the cross-sectional association between diet quality and severe periodontitis in a sample of diverse Hispanics from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 13,920 Hispanic/Latinos aged 18-74 years of different heritages underwent a full-mouth oral examination and completed two 24hr dietary recalls during 2008-2011. Severe periodontitis was defined as having ≥30% tooth sites with clinical attachment loss ≥ 5mm...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779259/periodontal-status-among-elderly-inhabitants-of-northern-manhattan-the-whicap-ancillary-study-of-oral-health
#2
Jaffer A Shariff, Sandra Burkett, Caitlin Wei-Ming Watson, Bin Cheng, James M Noble, Panos N Papapanou
AIM: We conducted a cross-sectional study of the prevalence, extent and severity of periodontitis in a tri-ethnic cohort of ≥65 year-old participants of the Washington-Heights Inwood Community Aging Project (WHICAP). METHODS: 1,130 individuals (57% of eligible invitees) participated in a full-mouth periodontal examination that included assessments of bleeding on probing, pocket depth and clinical attachment loss (CAL) at six sites/tooth. RESULTS: Participants had a mean age of 75...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779150/disorienting-dilemmas-the-significance-of-resistance-and-disturbance-in-an-intercultural-program-within-kindergarten-teacher-education
#3
Åsta Birkeland, Siv Ødemotland
As the Norwegian society, and thereby the kindergartens, have become more multicultural, the need for cultivating teachers capable of operating in an ever diversified and global world is highlighted as an important educational strategy within teacher education. The purpose of the specific intercultural program in kindergarten teacher education discussed in this article refers to competences needed as a professional teacher in a multicultural kindergarten. Teachers often have various assumptions and beliefs taken for granted...
May 19, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779146/food-addiction-orthorexia-and-food-related-stress-among-dietetics-students
#4
Maria G Grammatikopoulou, Konstantinos Gkiouras, Anastasia Markaki, Xenophon Theodoridis, Vasiliki Tsakiri, Pantelis Mavridis, Theodore Dardavessis, Michael Chourdakis
PURPOSE: Health sciences, and in particular Nutrition and Dietetics students, have been shown to exhibit an increased prevalence of disordered eating. The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to evaluate other specified feeding and eating disorders (OSFEDs), including stress-related eating, food addiction, and orthorexia, in relation to the dietary intake, among nutrition/dietetics students. METHODS: A total of 176 undergraduate students from a Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, in Greece, participated in the study...
May 19, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779085/progressive-grey-matter-volume-changes-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-over-6-weeks-of-antipsychotic-treatment-and-their-relationship-to-clinical-improvement
#5
Xiao Zhang, Yuyanan Zhang, Jinmin Liao, Sisi Jiang, Jun Yan, Weihua Yue, Dai Zhang, Hao Yan
Cross-sectional and longitudinal studies have identified widespread and progressive grey matter volume (GMV) reductions in schizophrenia, especially in the frontal lobe. In this study, we found a progressive GMV decrease in the rostral medial frontal cortex (rMFC, including the anterior cingulate cortex) in the patient group during a 6-week follow-up of 40 patients with schizophrenia and 31 healthy controls well-matched for age, gender, and education. The higher baseline GMV in the rMFC predicted better improvement in the positive score on the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), and this might be related to the improved reality-monitoring...
May 19, 2018: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778992/school-area-road-safety-assessment-and-improvements-sarsai-programme-reduces-road-traffic-injuries-among-children-in-tanzania
#6
Ayikai Poswayo, Simon Kalolo, Katheryn Rabonovitz, Jeffrey Witte, Alejandro Guerrero
PURPOSE: To determine the impact of a paediatric road traffic injury (RTI) prevention programme in urban Sub-Saharan Africa. SETTING: Dares Salaam, Republic of Tanzania. METHODS: Household surveys were conducted in catchment areas around 18 primary schools in Dar es Salaam, Republic of Tanzania; the catchment areas were divided into control and intervention groups. Collected data included basic demographic information on all school-aged household members and whether or not they had been involved in an RTI in the previous 12 months, and, if so, what the characteristics of that RTI were...
May 19, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778977/medical-students-and-brain-death-an-educational-initiative
#7
EDITORIAL
Jeanie C McGee, Alireza Minagar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 30, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778950/efficacy-of-educational-intervention-to-improve-awareness-of-the-importance-of-iodine-use-of-iodized-salt-and-dietary-iodine-intake-in-northeastern-italian-schoolchildren
#8
Sara Watutantrige-Fernando, Susi Barollo, Loris Bertazza, Elisabetta Cavedon, Simona Censi, Jacopo Manso, Federica Vianello, Caterina Mian
OBJECTIVE: An educational program was conducted among school-aged children to improve their knowledge about iodine prophylaxis, their iodine status, and their dietary habits. METHODS: At the baseline (T0) and after 6 mo (T1), participants (970 at T0 and 949 at T1) answered questionnaires testing their knowledge about iodine prophylaxis and their eating habits. Urine samples were collected from a randomly selected subgroup of participants (313 at T0 and 312 at T1)...
March 23, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778918/cognitive-mechanisms-of-sleep-outcomes-in-a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-internet-based-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia
#9
Philip I Chow, Karen S Ingersoll, Frances P Thorndike, Holly R Lord, Linda Gonder-Frederick, Charles M Morin, Lee M Ritterband
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate in a randomized clinical trial the role of sleep-related cognitive variables in the long-term efficacy of an online, fully automated cognitive behavioral therapy intervention for insomnia (CBT-I) (Sleep Healthy Using the Internet [SHUTi]). METHOD: Three hundred and three participants (Mage  = 43.3 years; SD = 11.6) were randomly assigned to SHUTi or an online patient education condition and assessed at baseline, postintervention (nine weeks after baseline), and six and 12 months after the intervention period...
December 20, 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778829/a-qualitative-investigation-of-the-attitudes-and-beliefs-about-physical-activity-and-post-traumatic-osteoarthritis-in-young-adults-3-10-years-after-an-intra-articular-knee-injury
#10
Allison M Ezzat, Mariana Brussoni, Jackie L Whittaker, Carolyn A Emery
OBJECTIVE: To understand the influence of the injury experience on current attitudes and beliefs about physical activity (PA) and the development of post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) in youth and young adults 3-10 years after a sport-related knee injury. DESIGN: Qualitative study. SETTING: University Sports Medical/Research Center. PARTICIPANTS: 20 young adults 3-10 years subsequent to intra-articular knee injury...
May 4, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778784/food-choice-considerations-among-american-indians-living-in-rural-oklahoma-the-thrive-study
#11
Marianna S Wetherill, Mary B Williams, Micah L Hartwell, Alicia L Salvatore, Tvli Jacob, Tamela K Cannady, Joy Standridge, Jill Fox, Jennifer Spiegel, Natia Anderson, Valarie Blue Bird Jernigan
In rural American Indian (AI) communities, access to affordable, healthy foods is often limited. Understanding AI food choice considerations when selecting foods, such as sensory appeal, cost, or health, is an important yet understudied topic for eliminating persistent AI health disparities. In partnership with the Chickasaw Nation and Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma, we administered a modified version of the Food Choice Values (FCV) Questionnaire to a cross-sectional sample of 83 AI patrons shopping at tribally-owned convenience stores ≥3 times per week...
May 17, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778772/predicting-pharmacy-naloxone-stocking-and-dispensing-following-a-statewide-standing-order-indiana-2016
#12
B E Meyerson, J D Agley, A Davis, W Jayawardene, A Hoss, D J Shannon, P T Ryder, K Ritchie, R Gassman
BACKGROUND: While naloxone, the overdose reversal medication, has been available for decades, factors associated with its availability through pharmacies remain unclear. Studies suggest that policy and pharmacist beliefs may impact availability. Indiana passed a standing order law for naloxone in 2015 to increase access to naloxone. OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with community pharmacy naloxone stocking and dispensing following the enactment of a statewide naloxone standing order...
April 26, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778713/concluding-commentary-on-current-trends-to-enhance-the-clinical-safety-of-pediatric-transfusion-focusing-on-prevention-of-untoward-complications-of-hsc-transplantation-newer-strategies-for-improving-the-standards-of-safety-quality-of-stem-cells-expansion-for
#13
REVIEW
Irena Sniecinski, Jerard Seghatchian
Clinical practice and related diagnostic, development and research [DDR] strategies in pediatric transfusion and transplantation cover a broad range of multidisciplinary studies, performed by many professionals involved in this most challenging clinical field [1]. This commentary on the current position and future perspectives in pediatric transfusion field is aimed to highlight major unresolved transfusion complications in pediatric patients, namely red blood cell and platelet alloimmunisation, and new ones such as nosocomial infection, thrombosis and multi-organ failure...
May 16, 2018: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778641/subregional-volumes-of-the-hippocampus-in-relation-to-cognitive-function-and-risk-of-dementia
#14
Tavia E Evans, Hieab H H Adams, Silvan Licher, Frank J Wolters, Aad van der Lugt, M Kamran Ikram, Michael J O'Sullivan, Meike W Vernooij, M Arfan Ikram
BACKGROUND: Total hippocampal volume has been consistently linked to cognitive function and dementia. Yet, given its complex and parcellated internal structure, the role of subregions of the hippocampus in cognition and risk of dementia remains relatively underexplored. We studied subregions of the hippocampus in a large population-based cohort to further understand their role in cognitive impairment and dementia risk. METHODS: We studied 5035 dementia- and stroke-free persons from the Rotterdam Study, aged over 45 years...
May 17, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778626/factors-underlying-risk-taking-in-heroin-dependent-individuals-feedback-processing-and-environmental-contingencies
#15
Daniella M Saleme, Bruno Kluwe-Schiavon, Abdrabo Soliman, Błażej Misiak, Dorota Frydecka, Ahmed A Moustafa
Evidence suggests that factors influencing risk-taking include whether decisions are made based on emotions (affective systems) or cognitions (deliberative systems), the processing of feedback (e.g., deciding to attend a rehabilitation facility for opioid addiction treatment after an intervention held by a family member), and attention to environmental contingencies (e.g., considering the probability of an outcome such as the likelihood of contracting tetanus from a shared needle; or the gains and losses associated with a decision, such as the benefits and costs of taking drugs)...
May 17, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778587/the-politics-of-place-presidential-voting-patterns-and-providers-prescription-of-emergency-contraception
#16
Kelly Cleland, Brandon Wagner, Pelin Batur, Megan McNamara, Justine Wu, Michael B Rothberg
OBJECTIVE: The most effective forms of emergency contraception (EC) require a prescription or a medical procedure; therefore, provider willingness to offer EC remains critical to patient access. This study seeks to assess whether political alignment of a provider's county is associated with provider attitudes and behaviors regarding EC. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed survey data collected from 1313 healthcare providers from February 2013 to April 2014 at 14 academic medical centers in the United States...
May 17, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778518/an-innovative-medical-school-curriculum-to-address-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-hesitancy
#17
Abigail M Schnaith, Erica M Evans, Caleb Vogt, Andrea M Tinsay, Thomas E Schmidt, Katelyn M Tessier, Britt K Erickson
BACKGROUND: Vaccination rates against Human Papillomavirus (HPV) in the US remain alarmingly low. Physicians can significantly influence a parent's decision to vaccinate their children. However, medical education often lacks training on specific strategies for communicating with vaccine hesitant parents. METHODS: We created an innovative curriculum designed to teach medical students how to address HPV vaccine hesitancy. The curriculum consisted of (1) a presentation on the epidemiology, biology, and disease morbidity associated with HPV, (2) a video that teaches specific communication strategies and (3) role-playing simulations...
May 16, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778516/facilitators-of-and-barriers-to-hpv-vaccination-among-sexual-and-gender-minority-patients-at-a-boston-community-health-center
#18
Kaan Z Apaydin, Holly B Fontenot, Derri Shtasel, Sannisha K Dale, Christina P C Borba, Christopher S Lathan, Lori Panther, Kenneth H Mayer, Alex S Keuroghlian
BACKGROUND: Young sexual minority individuals have lower human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine completion rates than the general population, and little is known about how gender minority people perceive HPV vaccination. The aim of this study was to qualitatively identify patient-, provider-, and systems-level barriers and facilitators for HPV vaccination among sexual and gender minority (SGM) people. METHODS: Fifteen SGM-identified individuals, ages 23-26, were recruited at an urban community health center in Boston, MA, that specializes in care for SGM...
May 16, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778480/relationship-between-herd-size-and-measures-of-animal-welfare-on-dairy-cattle-farms-with-freestall-housing-in-germany
#19
Daniel Gieseke, Christian Lambertz, Matthias Gauly
The objective of this study was to examine the association of herd size with animal welfare in dairy cattle herds. Therefore, 80 conventional dairy cattle farms were classified by the number of cows into 4 herd size classes, C1 (<100 cows), C2 (100-299 cows), C3 (300-499 cows), and C4 (≥500 cows), and assessed using multiple animal-based measures of the Welfare Quality Assessment protocol for dairy cattle. Data were recorded from April 2014 to September 2016 by an experienced single assessor in Northern Germany...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778456/the-challenge-of-controlling-the-copd-epidemic-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-unmet-needs
#20
Francesca Polverino, Bartolome Celli
Many unmet needs still remain in the assessment and treatment of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), particularly in relation to its under- and misdiagnosis, which lead to under- and mistreatment. This paucity of knowledge about the importance and presence of COPD, as well as its treatment, is seen with patients and carers as well as healthcare providers. This review considers the areas of key educational need, including the clinical characteristics of COPD, factors contributing to the disease, effective diagnosis, and clinical management of patients, and the implementation of treatment guidelines...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Medicine
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