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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728346/suggestions-for-promoting-evidence-based-public-health-in-korea
#1
Jong-Myon Bae
The Public Health (EBPH) is defined as a decision-making in the domain of public health using current best evidences. Debates about the latent tuberculosis infection control program suggested by the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in 2017 bring the need for promoting EBPH. To do this, three strategies were suggested as following: drawing some necessary evidences by evaluating policy-evidence gaps, delivering good quality and relevant evidences timely by conducting systematic reviews and adapting public health guidelines, and making the value-driven decisions by training and educating public health policy makers...
July 19, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728285/-prevalence-and-surgery-status-of-cataract-among-adults-aged-60-years-or-above-in-two-villages-of-nantong
#2
J Zhou, Y Yuan, X Zhang, M Yang, H J Guan
Objective: To assess the prevalence, surgical coverage rate and social burden rate of cataract blindness among adults aged ≥60 years in the suburban population of Nantong, Jiangsu, China. Methods: It was a population-based cross-section study. A census with individuals aged ≥60 years was conducted in two villages of the suburb area in Nantong from June to August, 2008. A total of 1 305 individuals received visual acuity and eye examinations. Lens and cataract operative status were evaluated by slit-lamp biomicroscopy...
July 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728283/-epidemiological-survey-of-visual-impairment-in-funing-county-jiangsu
#3
M Yang, J F Zhang, R R Zhu, L H Kang, B Qin, H J Guan
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of visual impairment and factors associated with visual impairment among people aged 50 years and above in Funing County, Jiangsu Province. Methods: Cross-sectional study. Random cluster sampling was used in selecting individuals aged ≥50 years in 30 clusters, and 5 947 individuals received visual acuity testing and eye examination. Stata 13.0 software was used to analyze the data. Multivariate logistic regression was used to detect possible factors of visual impairment such as age, gender and education...
July 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728281/-a-cross-sectional-study-of-cataract-in-residents-with-type-2-diabetes-living-in-xinjing-town-shanghai
#4
B J Zhu, X R Zou, Y Xu, X L Bai, M Lu, Y Y Ma, L N Lu, J F Zhu, H D Zou, X Xu
Objective: To investigate the prevalence, subtypes and risk factors of cataract in type 2 diabetic individuals. Methods: Geographically defined cluster sampling method was used in this population-based, cross-sectional study. There were 7 756 type 2 diabetes individuals in Xinjing Town with a residential population of 88 864. The type 2 diabetic individuals were randomly selected from 20 basic sample units in Xinjing Town of Changning District from April to June 2016. All participants received visual acuity measurement and eye examination...
July 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728212/men-s-information-seeking-behaviour-regarding-cancer-risk-and-screening-a-meta-narrative-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Mohamad M Saab, Mary Reidy, Josephine Hegarty, Mairin O'Mahony, Mike Murphy, Christian Von Wagner, Frances J Drummond
OBJECTIVE: Preventive strategies are known to reduce cancer risk and incidence and improve prognosis. Men seldom seek medical information about cancer prevention and risk reduction. The aim of this meta-narrative systematic review was to critically appraise evidence from qualitative, quantitative, and mixed-methods studies that explored men's information-seeking behaviours in relation to cancer prevention and risk reduction. METHODS: MEDLINE, CINAHL Plus with Full Text, PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection, Education Full Text, and ERIC were systematically searched for studies published in English between January 1(st) 2006 and May 30(th) 2016...
July 20, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728083/sleep-disturbances-and-risk-of-falls-in-an-old-chinese-population-rugao-longevity-and-ageing-study
#6
Teng Ma, Guoping Shi, Yinsheng Zhu, Yong Wang, Xuefeng Chu, Xiaoyan Jiang, Zuyun Liu, Jian Cai, Hongfei Wang, Li Jin, Zhendong Wang, Xiaofeng Wang
BACKGROUND: To explore the relationship between sleep disturbances and falls in an elderly Chinese population. METHODS: Data from 1726 individuals aged 70-87 years from the Rugao Longevity and Ageing Study were used. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) was used to assess sleep variables. Outcomes were falls ≥1 time per year and falls ≥2 times per year. RESULTS: A total of 22.7% of the participants experienced ≥1 fall, and 9.8% experienced ≥2 falls per year...
July 12, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728063/factors-associated-with-non-return-to-work-in-the-severely-injured-victims-3-years-after-a-road-accident-a-prospective-study
#7
C Pélissier, E Fort, L Fontana, B Charbotel, M Hours
Road accidents may impact victims' physical and/or mental health and socio-occupational life, particularly the capacity to return to work. The purpose of our study is to assess modifiable medical and socio-occupational factors of non-return to work in the severely injured 3 years after a road accident. Among1,168 road accidents casualties in the Rhône administrative Département of France followed for five years, 141 of the 222 severely injured (Maximal Abbreviated Injury Scale ≥ 3) aged more than 16 years who were in work at the time of the accident, reported whether they had returned to work in the 3 years following the accident...
July 17, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728040/measures-and-predictors-of-varenicline-adherence-in-the-treatment-of-nicotine-dependence
#8
Annie R Peng, Mark Morales, E Paul Wileyto, Larry W Hawk, Paul Cinciripini, Tony P George, Neal L Benowitz, Nicole L Nollen, Caryn Lerman, Rachel F Tyndale, Robert Schnoll
INTRODUCTION: While adherence to medication in smoking cessation clinical trials is strongly associated with clinical outcome, very few studies have evaluated the validity of pill count as a measure of adherence relative to a biological assay, and evaluated a broad range of correlates of adherence. METHODS: In a smoking cessation clinical trial of varenicline, we compared pill counts collected over 4 different time periods to varenicline salivary levels taken after 2weeks of treatment, as well as evaluated predictors of adherence to varenicline...
July 12, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727993/how-do-nurse-practitioners-work-in-primary-health-care-settings-a-scoping-review
#9
REVIEW
Julian Grant, Lauren Lines, Philip Darbyshire, Yvonne Parry
OBJECTIVES: This scoping review explores the work of nurse practitioners in primary health care settings in developed countries and critiques their contribution to improved health outcomes. DESIGN: A scoping review design was employed and included development of a research question, identification of potentially relevant studies, selection of relevant studies, charting data, collating, summarising and reporting findings. An additional step was added to evaluate the methodological rigor of each study...
June 28, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727991/how-accurate-are-self-reported-height-and-weight-in-the-seriously-mentally-ill
#10
Elton K Zhou, Urska Kosir, Suat Kucukgoncu, Erin L Reutenauer Sullivan, Cenk Tek
(1) Determine the accuracy of self-reported height, weight, and body mass index (BMI) calculated from those values in a population suffering from both serious mental illness (SMI) and overweight/obesity; (2) identify any associations that may predict error in self-reported measurements. Data were collected from screening appointments for two clinical trials for adult patients with SMI and overweight/obesity (BMI > 28) who gained weight while on antipsychotic medications. Both studies were conducted at the same urban community mental health center...
July 10, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727967/whither-psychology
#11
Diane F Halpern
Contemporary psychology is experiencing tremendous growth in neuroscience, and there is every indication that it will continue to gain in popularity notwithstanding the scarcity of academic positions for newly minted Ph.Ds. Despite the general perception that brain correlates "explain" or "cause" the mind and behavior, these correlates have not yet proven useful in understanding psychological processes, although they offer the possibility of early identification of some disorders. Other recent developments in psychology include increased emphasis on applications and more global representation among researchers and participants...
July 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727958/lipid-injectable-emulsion-survey-with-gap-analysis
#12
Michael L Christensen, Phil Ayers, Joseph I Boullata, Peggi Guenter, Kathleen M Gura, Beverly Holcombe, David S Seres, Gordon S Sacks
BACKGROUND: Lipid injectable emulsion (ILE) is an integral part of parenteral nutrition (PN), providing energy and essential fatty acids. With recent consensus recommendations for PN, clinical guidelines for ordering and preparation of PN, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approval of new ILE products, and revised ILE labeling to include a 1.2-micron filter, a gap in current practice knowledge was apparent. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition PN Safety Committee surveyed clinicians on how ILE products are prescribed, prepared, and administered to patients from neonates to adults...
July 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727956/increasing-availability-of-benzodiazepines-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-a-canadian-setting
#13
Geoffrey Walton, Huiru Dong, M J Milloy, Kora DeBeck, Thomas Kerr, Evan Wood, Kanna Hayashi
BACKGROUND: Benzodiazepine misuse is associated with mortality and is common among people who inject drugs (PWID). This study aimed to examine the temporal trends in the availability of benzodiazepines among PWID in a Canadian setting, and to identify factors associated with more immediate access to benzodiazepines. METHODS: Data were derived from three prospective cohorts of PWID in Vancouver, Canada, between June 2012 and May 2015. The primary outcome was the perceived availability of benzodiazepines, measured in three levels: not available, delayed availability (available in ≥10 min), and immediate availability (available in <10 min)...
July 20, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727944/computer-based-case-simulations-for-assessment-in-health-care-a-literature-review-of-validity-evidence
#14
Robyn C Ward, Timothy J Muckle, Michael J Kremer, Mary Anne Krogh
Simulation for education and training in health-care professions has been widely applied. However, its value as an assessment tool for competence is not fully known. Logistical barriers of simulation-based assessments have led some health-care organizations to utilize computer-based case simulations (CCSs) for assessment. This article provides a review of the literature on the identification of psychometrically sound, CCS instruments designed to measure decision-making competence in health-care professionals...
January 1, 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727897/the-course-of-fear-of-cancer-recurrence-different-patterns-by-age-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#15
Daniëlle E J Starreveld, Sabine E Markovitz, Gerard van Breukelen, Madelon L Peters
OBJECTIVE: To examine the time course and predictors of fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) in breast cancer survivors over a period of 18 months after initial surgery. METHODS: Breast cancer patients (n = 267) were followed until 18 months after primary breast surgery. Shortly after surgery, participants completed the Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R) to measure optimism and the Concerns about Recurrence Scale (CARS) to measure FCR. Mixed regression analysis was performed with age, optimism, marital status, education, type of surgery, with or without lymphectomy, chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, or radiotherapy, time since surgery and all interactions with time as predictors of FCR...
July 20, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727793/effect-of-child-marriage-on-girls-school-dropout-in-nepal-analysis-of-data-from-the-multiple-indicator-cluster-survey-2014
#16
Kazutaka Sekine, Marian Ellen Hodgkin
School dropout and child marriage are interrelated outcomes that have an enormous impact on adolescent girls. However, the literature reveals gaps in the empirical evidence on the link between child marriage and the dropout of girls from school. This study identifies the 'tipping point' school grades in Nepal when the risk of dropout due to marriage is highest, measures the effect of child marriage on girls' school dropout rates, and assesses associated risk factors. Weighted percentages were calculated to examine the grades at highest risk and the distribution of reasons for discontinuing school...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727762/sexual-diversity-in-the-united-states-results-from-a-nationally-representative-probability-sample-of-adult-women-and-men
#17
Debby Herbenick, Jessamyn Bowling, Tsung-Chieh Jane Fu, Brian Dodge, Lucia Guerra-Reyes, Stephanie Sanders
In 2015, we conducted a cross-sectional, Internet-based, U.S. nationally representative probability survey of 2,021 adults (975 men, 1,046 women) focused on a broad range of sexual behaviors. Individuals invited to participate were from the GfK KnowledgePanel®. The survey was titled the 2015 Sexual Exploration in America Study and survey completion took about 12 to 15 minutes. The survey was confidential and the researchers never had access to respondents' identifiers. Respondents reported on demographic items, lifetime and recent sexual behaviors, and the appeal of 50+ sexual behaviors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727755/no-abatement-of-steroid-injections-for-tennis-elbow-in-australian-general-practice-a-15-year-observational-study-with-random-general-practitioner-sampling
#18
Bill Vicenzino, Helena Britt, Allan J Pollack, Michelle Hall, Kim L Bennell, David J Hunter
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate general practitioner (GP) management of tennis elbow (TE) in Australia. METHODS: Data about the management of TE by GPs from 2000 to 2015 were extracted from the Bettering the Evaluation of Care of Health program database. Patient and GP characteristics and encounter management data were classified by the International Classification of Primary Care, version 2, and reported using descriptive statistics with point estimates and 95% confidence intervals...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727753/a-prospective-cohort-study-on-risk-factors-of-musculoskeletal-complaints-pain-and-or-stiffness-in-a-general-population-the-troms%C3%A3-study
#19
Ole Fredrik Andorsen, Luai Awad Ahmed, Nina Emaus, Elise Klouman
BACKGROUND: Female gender has been associated with musculoskeletal complaints (MSCs), but there are limited studies on how other factors may influence women and men differently. The aim of this prospective cohort study was to explore possible predictors of MSCs in women and men free of MSCs at baseline. METHODS: The present study included participants from the population-based Tromsø study, with baseline data from 1994-1995 and follow-up data from 2007-2008. MSCs were defined as having pain and/or stiffness in muscles and joints for 3 consecutive months during the past year...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727751/oral-health-and-cardiovascular-care-perceptions-of-people-with-cardiovascular-disease
#20
Paula Sanchez, Bronwyn Everett, Yenna Salamonson, Shilpi Ajwani, Sameer Bhole, Joshua Bishop, Karen Lintern, Samantha Nolan, Rohan Rajaratnam, Julie Redfern, Maria Sheehan, Fiona Skarligos, Lissa Spencer, Ravi Srinivas, Ajesh George
MAIN OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the perception of patients with cardiovascular disease towards oral health and the potential for cardiac care clinicians to promote oral health. METHOD: A needs assessment was undertaken with twelve patients with cardiovascular disease attending cardiac rehabilitation between 2015 and 2016, in three metropolitan hospitals in Sydney, Australia. These patients participated in face-to-face semi-structured interviews...
2017: PloS One
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