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Congming Wu, Yingchao Wang, Xiaomin Shi, Shuang Wang, Hongwei Ren, Zhangqi Shen, Yang Wang, Juchun Lin, Shaolin Wang
Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-EC) strains are emerging around the world as a source of resistance to β-lactam antibiotics such as ampicillin, cefotaxime, and ceftazidime. mcr-1 is a novel plasmid-mediated gene conferring resistance to colistin. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of ESBL-EC mcr-1 of chicken origin in the different provinces of China during 2008-2014. Overall, 341 of 821 isolates were determined to be ESBL-EC strains, and the proportion of ESBL-positive strains almost doubled from 2008 to 2014...
March 14, 2018: Emerging Microbes & Infections
Dong Wu, Ruoqi Ma, Huawei Wei, Kai Yang, Bing Xie
Around 350 million tons of solid waste is disposed of in landfills every year globally, with millions of cubic meters of landfill leachates released into neighboring environment. However, to date, little is known about the variations of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in on-site leachate treatment systems and its development in leachate-receiving water environment. Here, we quantified 7 subtypes of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs), 3 types of culturable antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARB) and 6 subtypes of mobile genetic elements (MGEs) in the effluents from a combined leachate treatment process, including biological treatment (MBR), physical separation (UF), ultraviolet (UV) disinfection and advanced oxidation process (AOP)...
March 1, 2018: Environment International
Qiuxia Ma, Yong Huang, Jian Wang, Xuebin Xu, Jane Hawkey, Chaojie Yang, Beibei Liang, Xiaofeng Hu, Fuli Wu, Xiaoxia Yang, Jinyan Wang, Rongrui Li, Peng Li, Jing Xie, Leili Jia, Ligui Wang, Rongzhang Hao, Yigang Tong, Kathryn E Holt, Shaofu Qiu, Yansong Sun, Hongbin Song
Since the plasmid-mediated polymyxin resistance gene mcr-1 was first reported in Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae in China, only one mcr-1-positive isolate of Shigella sonnei, containing inactivated mcr-1, has been reported worldwide. Here, we screened 1650 historical S. sonnei strains isolated from 2003 to 2015 in China for mcr-1. We determined the antimicrobial susceptibilities and resistance genes of mcr-1-positive isolates and investigated the transferability of polymyxin resistance by plasmid conjugation...
February 28, 2018: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
Kai Zhang, Ying Zhang, Rui Xin, Yongpeng Zhang, Zhiguang Niu
The ocean is the final place where pollutants generated by human activities are deposited. As a result, the long-range transport of the ocean can facilitate the diffusion of terrestrial contaminants, including ARGs. However, to our knowledge, little research has been devoted to discussing the content change of terrestrial ARGs and the reason for the change in coastal area. This study established various microcosms, in which seawater and freshwater were mixed at different ratio to simulate the environmental conditions of different regions in coastal areas...
February 21, 2018: Chemosphere
Nuno F F Moreira, Carlos Narciso-da-Rocha, M Inmaculada Polo-López, Luisa M Pastrana-Martínez, Joaquim L Faria, Célia M Manaia, Pilar Fernández-Ibáñez, Olga C Nunes, Adrián M T Silva
Solar-driven advanced oxidation processes were studied in a pilot-scale photoreactor, as tertiary treatments of effluents from an urban wastewater treatment plant. Solar-H2 O2 , heterogeneous photocatalysis (with and/or without the addition of H2 O2 and employing three different photocatalysts) and the photo-Fenton process were investigated. Chemical (sulfamethoxazole, carbamazepine, and diclofenac) and biological contaminants (faecal contamination indicators, their antibiotic resistant counterparts, 16S rRNA and antibiotic resistance genes), as well as the whole bacterial community, were characterized...
February 3, 2018: Water Research
Yongzhong Cao, Yongxiu Shen, Lingling Cheng, Xiaorong Zhang, Chao Wang, Yan Wang, Xiaohui Zhou, Guoxiang Chao, Yantao Wu
Salmonellae is one of the most important foodborne pathogens and becomes resistant to multiple antibiotics, which represents a significant challenge to food industry and public health. However, a molecular signature that can be used to distinguish antimicrobial resistance profile, particularly multi-drug resistance or extensive-drug resistance (XDR). In the current study, 168 isolates from the chicken and pork production chains and ill chickens were characterized by serotyping, antimicrobial susceptibility test, multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE)...
March 2018: Microbiological Research
Nafiseh Maleki, Zahra Tahanasab, Sina Mobasherizadeh, Aliakbar Rezaei, Jamshid Faghri
Background: Extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing is a significant resistant mechanism to β-lactams in Enterobacteriaceae , especially in Klebsiella pneumoniae . The main objectives of this study were to genetically characterize urinary clinical isolates of K. pneumoniae through the investigating of blaTEM , blaCTX-M and using molecular typing by Enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus polymerase chain reaction (ERIC-PCR) method. We also determined the frequency of antibiotic resistance of K...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
Lorenzo Proia, Adriana Anzil, Jessica Subirats, Carles Borrego, Marinella Farrè, Marta Llorca, Jose Luis Balcázar, Pierre Servais
Urban rivers are impacted ecosystems which may play an important role as reservoirs for antibiotic-resistant (AR) bacteria. The main objective of this study was to describe the prevalence of antibiotic resistance along a sewage-polluted urban river. Seven sites along the Zenne River (Belgium) were selected to study the prevalence of AR Escherichia coli and freshwater bacteria over a 1-year period. Culture-dependent methods were used to estimate E. coli and heterotrophic bacteria resistant to amoxicillin, sulfamethoxazole, nalidixic acid and tetracycline...
February 13, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Mudsser Azam, Arif Tasleem Jan, Ashutosh Kumar, Kehkashan Siddiqui, Aftab Hossain Mondal, Qazi Mohd Rizwanul Haq
Escalating burden of antibiotic resistance that has reached new heights present a grave concern to mankind. As the problem is no longer confined to clinics, we hereby report identification of a pandrug resistant Escherichia coli isolate from heavily polluted Delhi stretch of river Yamuna, India. E. coli MRC11 was found sensitive only to tobramycin against 21 antibiotics tested, with minimum inhibitory concentration values >256μg/mL for amoxicillin, carbenicillin, aztreonam, ceftazidime and cefotaxime. Addition of certain heavy metals at higher concentrations were ineffective in increasing susceptibility of E...
February 12, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
Ahmed Olowo-Okere, Yakubu Kokori Enevene Ibrahim, Busayo Olalekan Olayinka
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to characterize ESBL-producing Gram-negative bacterial isolates from patients with surgical site infections (SSIs) at a tertiary healthcare facility in Abuja, Nigeria. METHOD: Consecutive, non-duplicate, wound swabs were collected, over three months period, from wounds of patients who had SSI and cultured appropriately. Bacterial isolates were identified using rapid identification kits. Modified disc diffusion method was used for antibiotics susceptibility testing and the phenotypic ESBL activity of the isolates was determined using the Double Discs Synergy Test (DDST)...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
Azimun Nahar, Sharda Prasad Awasthi, Noritoshi Hatanaka, Kentaro Okuno, Phuong Hoai Hoang, Jayedul Hassan, Atsushi Hinenoya, Shinji Yamasaki
The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-Ec) in retail chicken meats in Japan. Fifty-six domestic and 50 imported (Brazil, n=36; United States, n=8; Thailand, n=6) chicken meat samples were analyzed. The 162 ESBL-Ec included 111 from 43 (77%) domestic samples and 51 from 26 (52%) Brazilian samples. Fifty-three and 30 of 111 and 51 ESBL-Ec from domestic and Brazilian chickens, respectively, were selected for ESBL genotyping...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Moisés Francisco, Sofia Santos Costa, Adriana Belas, Jorge Ramos, Isabel Couto, Constança Pomba, Miguel Viveiros
OBJECTIVES: Typhoid fever is a common infection in Africa and in spite of scarce surveillance reports, its incidence is commonly considered high by the Angolan Health system. Drug-resistant Salmonella enterica serotype Typhi has emerged, turning antimicrobial susceptibility testing essential to provide clinical guidance. This is the first report analyzing antimicrobial resistance patterns and population structure of the few S. enterica ser. Typhi isolated from patients with Typhoid fever in Luanda, Angola...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
Babafela Awosile, J McClure, Javier Sanchez, Juan Carlos Rodriguez-Lecompte, Greg Keefe, Luke C Heider
This study was carried out to determine the frequency of fecal carriage, antimicrobial susceptibility, and resistance genes in Salmonella enterica and Escherichia coli with reduced susceptibility to extended-spectrum cephalosporins (ESC) isolated from 488 dairy calves from 8 farms in New Brunswick, Canada. Both S. enterica and E. coli with reduced susceptibility to ESC were isolated using selective culture. Minimum inhibitory concentrations to a panel of antimicrobial drugs were determined for randomly selected E...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Nirvia Margot Cuaical-Ramos, Marynes Montiel, Daniel Marcano Zamora
INTRODUCTION: In Venezuela, there have been some reports of carbapenemase KPC-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae. Nevertheless, since the first report in 2008, only a few studies have been done on their molecular epidemiology in this country. METHODS: The aims of this study were to detect extended-spectrum betalactamase (ESBL)-producing (blaTEM and blaCTM-M-1) and to determine the genetic relationship between 30 isolates of carbapenemase KPC-producing K. pneumoniae taken from patients at eleven health centers in different states of Venezuela from January 2008 to December 2012, using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE)...
February 5, 2018: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
Nandagopal Murugan, Jambulingam Malathi, K Lily Therese, Hajib NarahariRao Madhavan
Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) is a menacing opportunistic, nosocomial pathogen; become a growing concern as conventional antimicrobial therapy is now futile against it. Multi-drug resistant P. aeruginosa (MDRPA) has distinctive resistance mechanisms such as production of β-lactamases, repression of porin genes and over-expression of efflux pumps. The focus of this study is to standardize and application of multiplex PCR (mPCR) to detect the presence of betalactamase genes encoding blaTem, blaOXA, blaCTX-M-15, blaVim, blaGes, blaVeb, blaDIM, AmpC and Efflux pump genes encoding Mex A,B-oprM, Mex C,D-oprJ, Mex X,Y-oprN, oprD, nfxB, MexR...
February 2018: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
Shiyao Zhang, Sofie Piepers, Ruixue Shan, Lingjie Cai, Shuanglan Mao, Jiaqi Zou, Tariq Ali, Sarne De Vliegher, Bo Han
Bovine mastitis is among the most prevalent and costly diseases of dairy animals and is caused by a variety of bacterial pathogens including Streptococcus dysgalactiae. However, comprehensive studies reporting the prevalence and antimicrobial resistance profiles of S. dysgalactiae isolated from bovine mastitis are scarce. Therefore, this study was to investigate the occurrence of S. dysgalactiae associated with bovine clinical mastitis, to assess their antimicrobial resistance profiles, and to analyze the phenotypic and genotypic profiling of resistant isolates...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Yu Zhou, Xuhui Zhu, Hongyan Hou, Yanfang Lu, Jing Yu, Lie Mao, Liyan Mao, Ziyong Sun
BACKGROUND: Diarrhea is the leading infectious cause of childhood morbidity and mortality. Among bacterial agents, diarrheagenic Escherichia coli (DEC) is the major causal agent of childhood diarrhea in developing countries, particularly in children under the age of 5 years. Here, we performed a hospital-based prospective study to explore the pathotype distribution, epidemiological characteristics and antibiotic resistance patterns of DEC from < 5-year-old diarrheal children. METHODS: Between August 2015 and September 2016, 684 stool samples were collected from children (< 5 years old) with acute diarrhea...
February 1, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
Marta Corbella, Mariasofia Caltagirone, Stefano Gaiarsa, Bianca Mariani, Davide Sassera, Ibrahim Bitar, Alba Muzzi, Roberta Migliavacca, Luigia Scudeller, Mauro Stronati, Patrizia Cambieri
Here we report an outbreak of extended spectrum β-lactamase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae that occurred in a neonatal intensive care unit in Northern Italy and involved 97 patients. Progressively tightened sets of containment measures were implemented but the epidemic event was stopped only 9 months later. The final, effective, containment strategy consisted of the application of strict geographic cohorting of colonized infants and their nursing staff, the suspension of any new admission and a rigorous daily sterilization protocol for all surfaces and fomites in the ward...
January 25, 2018: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
Monika Harnisz, Ewa Korzeniewska
The objective of this study was to identify the determinants of antibiotic resistance and virulence of Aeromonas spp. isolated from treated wastewater (WW) and from samples of river water collected upstream (URW) and downstream (DRW) from the effluent discharge point. The resistance of Aeromonas spp. to antibiotics that are widely used in human and veterinary medicine, including beta-lactams, tetracyclines, glycylcyclines, fluoroquinolones, aminoglycosides and sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim, was analyzed by disk diffusion method...
January 17, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
E Abdeen, W Elmonir, I I A Suelam, W S Mousa
AIMS: This study investigated the possible role of Fayoumi chickens and pigeons in the transmission of multidrug resistant (MDR) Salmonella with zoonotic potential. METHODS AND RESULTS: Morbid Fayoumi chickens (70) and pigeons (30) were examined to detect the prevalence and antibiotic resistance of Salmonella and to detect and sequence sodC-1 gene as a zoonotic and phylogenetic marker. Salmonella isolates were detected in 14.3% and 20% of the examined Fayoumi chickens and pigeons, respectively...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Applied Microbiology
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