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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207310/microbiological-quality-and-prevalence-of-%C3%AE-lactam-antibiotic-resistance-genes-in-oysters-crassostrea-rhizophorae
#1
Maria Aparecida da RessurreiÇão Brandão, Amanda Teixeira Sampaio Lopes, Maria Tereza da Silva Neta, Rhyan Barros Farias de Oliveira, Rachel Passos Rezende, George Rêgo Albuquerque, Verônica Dias Gonçalves, Dália Dos Prazeres Rodrigues, Guisla Boehs, Bianca Mendes Maciel
The microbiological quality of oysters reflects the microbiological quality of their habitats because they are filter feeders. The objective of this study was to assess the bacterial composition of the edible oyster Crassostrea rhizophorae in urban and preserved estuaries. Particularly, we assessed the presence of pathogenic bacteria, investigated antibiotic susceptibility in bacterial isolates, and quantified β-lactam antibiotic resistance genes (blaTEM, blaSHV, and blaKPC) via quantitative PCR of oyster DNA...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203289/epidemiological-molecular-characterization-and-antibiotic-resistance-of-salmonella-enterica-serovars-isolated-from-chicken-farms-in-egypt
#2
Hanem El-Sharkawy, Amin Tahoun, Abd El-Galiel A El-Gohary, Moshira El-Abasy, Fares El-Khayat, Trudi Gillespie, Yukio Kitade, Hafez M Hafez, Heinrich Neubauer, Hosny El-Adawy
BACKGROUND: Salmonella is one of major causes of foodborne outbreaks globally. This study was conducted to estimate the prevalence, typing and antibiotic susceptibilities of Salmonella enterica serovars isolated from 41 broiler chicken farms located in Kafr El-Sheikh Province in Northern Egypt during 2014-2015. The clinical signs and mortalities were observed. RESULTS: In total 615 clinical samples were collected from broiler flocks from different organs (liver, intestinal content and gall bladder)...
2017: Gut Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182026/prevalence-of-tem-shv-and-ctx-m-beta-lactamase-genes-in-the-urinary-isolates-of-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#3
Trupti Bajpai, M Pandey, M Varma, G S Bhatambare
INTRODUCTION: Extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) are the major cause of resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics such as penicillins, cephalosporins, and monobactams. They are derived from the narrow-spectrum beta-lactamases (TEM-1, TEM-2, or SHV-1) by mutations that alter the amino acid configuration around the enzyme active site. AIM: To determine the prevalence of ESBL (blaTEM, blaCTX-M, and blaSHV) genes among the members of Enterobacteriaceae. METHODOLOGY: The present prospective study was carried out from January 2015 to June 2015 in the Department of Microbiology and Molecular Medicine of a Teaching Tertiary Care Hospital...
January 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174570/antimicrobial-resistance-and-molecular-epidemiology-of-esbl-producing-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-outpatients-in-town-hospitals-of-shandong-province-china
#4
Zengmin Miao, Song Li, Lei Wang, Wengang Song, Yufa Zhou
This study aimed to investigate antimicrobial resistance and molecular epidemiology of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli (E. coli) isolated from outpatients in town hospitals of Shandong province, China. Antimicrobial susceptibility of ESBL-producing E. coli was tested using the disk diffusion and resistance genes encoding for β-lactamases (blaTEM, blaCTXM, and blaSHV) were detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Multilocus sequence typing (ST) of ESBL-producing E. coli was analyzed in this study...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152085/a-putative-multi-replicon-plasmid-co-harboring-beta-lactamase-genes-blakpc-2-blactx-m-14-and-blatem-1-and-trimethoprim-resistance-gene-dfra25-from-a-klebsiella-pneumoniae-sequence-type-st-11-strain-in-china
#5
Yu Tang, Pinghua Shen, Wei Liang, Jialin Jin, Xiaofei Jiang
The global emergence of Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC)-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae poses a major public health threat requiring immediate and aggressive action. Some older generation antibiotics, such as trimethoprim, serve as alternatives for treatment of infections. Here, we determined the complete nucleotide sequence of plasmid pHS091147, which co-harbored the carbapenemase (blaKPC-2) and trimethoprim resistance genes (dfrA25) from a Klebsiella pneumoniae sequence type (ST) 11 clone recovered in Shanghai, China...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126386/the-occurrence-of-antibiotic-resistance-genes-in-a-mediterranean-river-and-their-persistence-in-the-riverbed-sediment
#6
William Calero-Cáceres, Javier Méndez, Julia Martín-Díaz, Maite Muniesa
The spread of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in the environment is a serious concern. Bacterial ARGs can spread via different mobile genetic elements as phage particles, which thereby emerge as novel vectors for environmental dissemination. To assess how climate events, such as heavy rains or water scarcity, could affect the spread of ARGs, it is necessary to know their prevalence and abundance in aquatic environments as well as the potential reservoirs from which they could become mobile. This study evaluates the occurrence of ARGs in the water and sediment of a Mediterranean river...
January 23, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125687/high-heterogeneity-of-escherichia-coli-sequence-types-harbouring-esbl-ampc-genes-on-inci1-plasmids-in-the-colombian-poultry-chain
#7
Luis Ricardo Castellanos, Pilar Donado-Godoy, Maribel León, Viviana Clavijo, Alejandra Arevalo, Johan F Bernal, Arjen J Timmerman, Dik J Mevius, Jaap A Wagenaar, Joost Hordijk
BACKGROUND: Escherichia coli producing ESBL/AmpC enzymes are unwanted in animal production chains as they may pose a risk to human and animal health. Molecular characterization of plasmids and strains carrying genes that encode these enzymes is essential to understand their local and global spread. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the diversity of genes, plasmids and strains in ESBL/AmpC-producing E. coli from the Colombian poultry chain isolated within the Colombian Integrated Program for Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance (Coipars)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124956/-investigation-of-the-frequency-and-distribution-of-beta-lactamase-genes-in-the-clinical-isolates-of-acinetobacter-baumannii-collected-from-different-regions-of-turkey-a-multicenter-study
#8
Fatih Şaban Beriş, Emine Esra Budak, Duygu Gülek, Aytül Uzun, Zeynep Çizmeci, Fırat Zafer Mengeloğlu, Şahin Direkel, Yeliz Çetinkol, Yasemin Ay Altıntop, Meryem Iraz, Tuba Dal, Safiye Umut Say Coşkun, Pervin Özlem Balcı, Tuba Kayman, Ahmet Çalışkan, Yelda Yazıcı, İsmail Tosun, Ayşe Ertürk, Ayşegül Çopur Çiçek
The diversity and distribution of TEM, SHV and CTX-M type of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) are important for the treatment and control of infections. Determination of ESBL genes in clinical isolates by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and DNA sequencing can obtain useful data for their molecular epidemiology and risk. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of beta-lactamase genes in Acinetobacter baumannii strains isolated from different regions of Turkey. A total of 519 A.baumannii strains collected from hospitals located at 12 different provinces of Turkey (Bolu (n= 67), Tokat (n= 47), Trabzon (n= 25), Ordu (n= 27), Diyarbakır (n= 47), Niğde (n=31), Kayseri (n= 36), Ankara (n= 41), Kirikkale (n= 26), Kahramanmaraş (n= 25), Mersin (n= 40), Istanbul (n= 107)] between 2011-2012 period were included in the study...
October 2016: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123141/antimicrobial-resistance-profiles-and-molecular-characterization-of-escherichia-coli-strains-isolated-from-healthy-adults-in-ho-chi-minh-city-vietnam
#9
Phuong Hoai Hoang, Sharda Prasad Awasthi, Phuc DO Nguyen, Ngan Ly Hoang Nguyen, Dao Thi Anh Nguyen, Ninh Hoang LE, Chinh VAN Dang, Atsushi Hinenoya, Shinji Yamasaki
In this study, we attempted to isolate Escherichia coli from healthy individuals in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, and characterized its antimicrobial resistance profile, extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) genotype, phylogenetic grouping and virulence gene profile. A total of 103 E. coli strains were obtained, and most of them were antimicrobial resistant such to streptomycin (80.6%), tetracycline (67.0%), ampicillin (65.0%), sulfamethoxsazole/trimethoprim (48.5%), nalidixic acid (43.7%), chloramphenicol (34...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111794/selection-of-broad-spectrum-cephalosporin-resistant-escherichia-coli-in-the-feces-of-healthy-dogs-after-first-generation-cephalosporin-administration
#10
Ayako Kimura, Montira Yossapol, Sanae Shibata, Tetsuo Asai
Although antimicrobial products are essential for the treatment of bacterial disease, antimicrobial treatment selects for antimicrobial-resistant (AMR) bacteria. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of first-generation cephalosporin administration on the development of resistant Escherichia coli in dog feces. The proportions of cephalexin (LEX)-resistant E. coli in fecal samples of three healthy dogs treated intravenously with cefazolin before castration and then orally with LEX for 3 days post-operation (PO) were examined using DHL agar with or without LEX (50 μg/mL)...
January 23, 2017: Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109845/outbreak-of-nosocomial-ndm-1-producing-klebsiella-pneumoniae-st1419-in-a-neonatal-unit
#11
Jing Yu, Yue Wang, Zhongju Chen, Xuhui Zhu, Lei Tian, Li Li, Ziyong Sun
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to characterise carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates recovered from neonatal clinical specimens over a 4-month period. METHODS: Seven carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae isolates were analysed. Antibiotic susceptibilities of the isolates were determined by the agar dilution method, and the drug resistance genes were evaluated by PCR. Clonal relatedness of the isolates was assessed using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and multilocus sequence typing (MLST)...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105330/genetic-markers-associated-with-resistance-to-beta-lactam-and-quinolone-antimicrobials-in-non-typhoidal-salmonella-isolates-from-humans-and-animals-in-central-ethiopia
#12
Tadesse Eguale, Josephine Birungi, Daniel Asrat, Moses N Njahira, Joyce Njuguna, Wondwossen A Gebreyes, John S Gunn, Appolinaire Djikeng, Ephrem Engidawork
BACKGROUND: Beta-lactam and quinolone antimicrobials are commonly used for treatment of infections caused by non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) and other pathogens. Resistance to these classes of antimicrobials has increased significantly in the recent years. However, little is known on the genetic basis of resistance to these drugs in Salmonella isolates from Ethiopia. METHODS: Salmonella isolates with reduced susceptibility to beta-lactams (n = 43) were tested for genes encoding for beta-lactamase enzymes, and those resistant to quinolones (n = 29) for mutations in the quinolone resistance determining region (QRDR) as well as plasmid mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR) genes using PCR and sequencing...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099061/iodometric-and-molecular-detection-of-esbl-production-among-clinical-isolates-of-e-coli-fingerprinted-by-eric-pcr-the-first-egyptian-report-declares-the-emergence-of-e-coli-o25b-st131clone-harboring-blages
#13
Mohamed F El-Badawy, Wael M Tawakol, Ibrahim A Maghrabi, Moselhy S Mansy, Mohamed M Shohayeb, Mohammed S Ashour
The extensive use of β-lactam antibiotics has led to emergence and spread of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs). This study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of 7 different ESBL genes (blaTEM, blaSHV, blaCTX-M, blaVEB, blaPER, blaGES, and blaOXA-10) and O25b-ST131 high-risk clone among 61 clinical isolates of Escherichia coli. Also, one broad-spectrum β-lactamase (blaOXA-1) was investigated. This study was also constructed to evaluate iodometric overlay method in detection of ESBL production...
January 18, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087584/emergence-of-klebsiella-variicola-positive-for-ndm-9-a-variant-of-new-delhi-metallo-%C3%AE-lactamase-in-an-urban-river-in-south-korea
#14
Doris Y W Di, Jeonghwan Jang, Tatsuya Unno, Hor-Gil Hur
OBJECTIVES: To examine the presence of pathogenic bacteria carrying New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase in the environment and to characterize the genome structures of these strains. METHODS: Phenotypic screening of antimicrobial susceptibility and WGS were conducted on three Klebsiella variicola strains possessing NDM-9 isolated from an urban river. RESULTS: Three carbapenem-resistant K. variicola isolated from Gwangju tributary were found to possess blaNDM-9 genes...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073965/spread-of-mcr-1-carrying-enterobacteriaceae-in-sewage-water-from-spain
#15
C M Ovejero, J F Delgado-Blas, W Calero-Caceres, M Muniesa, B Gonzalez-Zorn
OBJECTIVES: The mobile colistin resistance gene mcr-1 has been identified worldwide in human and animal sources, while its occurrence in the environment is still largely unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of mcr-1-harbouring Enterobacteriaceae in water samples obtained from rivers and waste water treatment plants in the area of Barcelona, Spain. METHODS: The presence of mcr-1 was detected by PCR. Bacterial identification was performed via MALDI-TOF MS...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073961/genetic-characterization-of-mcr-1-bearing-plasmids-to-depict-molecular-mechanisms-underlying-dissemination-of-the-colistin-resistance-determinant
#16
Ruichao Li, Miaomiao Xie, Jinfei Zhang, Zhiqiang Yang, Lizhang Liu, Xiaobo Liu, Zhiwei Zheng, Edward Wai-Chi Chan, Sheng Chen
OBJECTIVES: To analyse and compare mcr-1-bearing plasmids from animal Escherichia coli isolates, and to investigate potential mechanisms underlying dissemination of mcr-1. METHODS: Ninety-seven ESBL-producing E. coli strains isolated from pig farms in China were screened for the mcr-1 gene. Fifteen mcr-1-positive strains were subjected to molecular characterization and bioinformatic analysis of the mcr-1-bearing plasmids that they harboured. RESULTS: Three major types of mcr-1-bearing plasmids were recovered: IncX4 (∼33 kb), IncI2 (∼60 kb) and IncHI2 (∼216-280 kb), among which the IncX4 and IncI2 plasmids were found to harbour the mcr-1 gene only, whereas multiple resistance elements including blaCTX-M, blaCMY, blaTEM, fosA, qnrS, floR and oqxAB were detected, in various combinations, alongside mcr-1 in the IncHI2 plasmids...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072891/molecular-epidemiology-and-resistome-analysis-of-multidrug-resistant-st11-klebsiella-pneumoniae-strain-containing-multiple-copies-of-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-genes-using-whole-genome-sequencing
#17
Roshan DSouza, Naina Adren Pinto, Insik Hwang, Hwang Younjee, YoungLag Cho, Hyunsoo Kim, Dongeun Yong, Jongrak Choi, Kyungwon Lee, Yunsop Chong
The aim of this work was to investigate the mechanism responsible for multidrug resistance in ST11 Klebsiella pneumoniae YMC 2013/7/B3993 containing multiple copies of ESBL genes using multiple parallel sequencing technology. In-depth analysis of the strain revealed multiple copies of ESBL genes, 2 copies of blaSHV-12 and 1 copy of blaCTX-M-15. Furthermore, 1 copy of blaOXA-9 and 3 copies of blaTEM-1 were found. The insertion of Tn1331 was detected, which consisted of blaOXA-9, blaTEM-1, aac(6')-lb-cr, and aadA1 genes...
January 2017: New Microbiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056274/-serotype-identification-and-antibiotic-susceptibility-of-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-in-the-weishan-area-in-shandong-province-china
#18
C C Shao, B Hu, Z W Bi, Z Q Kou, M Fang, B L Chen, Z Q Bi
Objective: To determine the serotypes and drug resistance profiles of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) in animal stools from the Weishan area in Shandong Province, China. To provide the basis for further study. Methods: Five hundred animal stool samples (from pigs, cattle, sheep, dogs and birds) were collected from the Weishan area and STEC strains were isolated from these samples. Strains were serotyped by a serum agglutination test, and their drug resistance profiles were determined through antimicrobial sensitivity experiments...
January 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042666/prevalence-and-antimicrobial-resistance-in-salmonella-enterica-isolated-from-broiler-chickens-pigs-and-meat-products-in-the-thailand-cambodia-border-provinces
#19
Suthathip Trongjit, Sunpetch Angkititrakul, R Emerson Tuttle, Jiratchaya Poungseree, Pawin Padungtod, Rungtip Chuanchuen
This study aimed to examine prevalence and antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in the Salmonella isolates from broilers, pigs and their associated meat products in the Thailand-Cambodia border provinces. A total of 941 samples were collected from pigs and broilers at slaughter houses and from carcasses at local fresh markets in Sa Kaeo, Thailand (n = 554) and Banteay Meanchey, Cambodia (n = 387) in 2014 and 2015. Three hundred-forty five Salmonella isolates were collected from Sa Keao (n = 145; 23%) and Banteay Meanchey (n = 200; 47%) and assayed for antimicrobial susceptibility, class 1 integrons and extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) genes...
January 2, 2017: Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039104/rectal-carriage-of-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-and-carbapenemase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-among-hospitalised-neonates-in-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-in-fez-morocco
#20
Btissam Arhoune, Bouchra Oumokhtar, Fouzia Hmami, Abouddihaj Barguigua, Mohammed Timinouni, Samira El Fakir, Fouzia Chami, Abdelhak Bouharrou
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the faecal carriage and molecular epidemiology of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBLE) isolated from rectal samples of neonates hospitalised in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of a university hospital in Fez, Morocco. METHODS: From February-July 2013, all neonates hospitalised in the NICU were screened for ESBLE carriage at discharge. ESBLs were identified by double-disk synergy test, PCR and DNA sequencing analysis...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
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