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Acinetobacter calcoaceticus

Maria Botou, Panayiota Lazou, Konstantinos Papakostas, George Lambrinidis, Thomas Evangelidis, Emmanuel Mikros, Stathis Frillingos
The uracil permease UraA of Escherichia coli is a structurally known prototype for the ubiquitous Nucleobase-Ascorbate Transporter (NAT) or Nucleobase-Cation Symporter-2 (NCS2) family and represents a well defined subgroup of bacterial homologs that remain functionally unstudied. Here, we analyze four of these homologs, including RutG of E. coli which shares 35% identity with UraA and is encoded in the catabolic rut (pyrimidine utilization) operon. Using amplified expression in E. coli K-12, we show that RutG is a high-affinity permease for uracil, thymine and, at low efficiency, xanthine, and recognizes also 5-fluorouracil and oxypurinol...
February 13, 2018: Molecular Microbiology
Kayleigh E Mitchell, Jane F Turton, David H Lloyd
BACKGROUND: Acinetobacter species can exhibit widespread resistance to antimicrobial agents. They are already recognized as important nosocomial pathogens of humans, but are becoming increasingly recognized in opportunistic infections of animals. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine whether Acinetobacter spp. are carried on skin of healthy dogs and, if present, to identify the species. ANIMALS: Forty dogs were sampled at veterinary practices and rescue centres...
February 11, 2018: Veterinary Dermatology
Yan Chen, Zhaoming Liu, Hongju Liu, Yahong Pan, Jing Li, Lan Liu, Zhigang She
Three new isocoumarins-dichlorodiaportintone (1), desmethyldichlorodiaportintone (2) and desmethyldichlorodiaportinol (3)-as well as six known analogues (4-9) were isolated from the culture of the mangrove endophytic fungus Ascomycota sp. CYSK-4 from Pluchea indica. Their structures were elucidated by analysis of spectroscopic data. The absolute configuration of compounds 1 and 2 were determined by the modified Mosher's method. Compound 2 showed significant anti-inflammatory activity by inhibiting the production of NO in LPS-induced RAW 264...
February 9, 2018: Marine Drugs
Young Ah Kim, Jin Ju Kim, Dong Ju Won, Kyungwon Lee
Identifying the trends in community-onset Acinetobacter baumannii complex isolation and diversity according to temperature could help provide insight into the behavior of the A. baumannii complex. We performed a retrospective analysis of A. baumannii complex (Acinetobacter baumannii, Acinetobacter nosocomialis, Acinetobacter pittii, and Acinetobacter calcoaceticus) isolates obtained from patients at a Korean community hospital from 2006 to 2015 with reference to seasonal temperatures. The incidence rates were compared between warm (June-September) and cold (November-March) months, defined as an average mean temperature ≥20°C and ≤5°C, respectively...
May 2018: Annals of Laboratory Medicine
Charlotte Morrill, Chantel Jensen, Xavier Just-Baringo, Gideon Grogan, Nicholas Turner, David John Procter
Cyclic ketones bearing alpha-quaternary stereocenters undergo efficient kinetic resolution using cyclohexanone monooxygenase (CHMO) from Acinetobacter calcoaceticus. Lactones possessing tetrasubstituted stereocenters are obtained with high enantioselectivity (up to >99% ee) and complete chemoselectivity. Preparative scale biotransformations were exploited in conjunction with a SmI2-mediated cyclization process to access complex, enantiomerically enriched cycloheptan- and cycloctan-1,4-diols. In a parallel approach to structurally distinct products, enantioenriched ketones from the resolution bearing an alpha- all carbon quaternary stereocenter were used in a SmI2-mediated cyclization process to give cyclobutanol products (up to >99% ee)...
February 2, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
Lu Chen, Juxiang Yuan, Yingjun Xu, Fengxia Zhang, Zhenlei Chen
The Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-Acinetobacter baumannii (ACB) complex has emerged as a high priority among hospital-acquired pathogens in intensive care units (ICUs), posing a challenge to infection management practices. In this study, the clinical characteristics, antimicrobial susceptibility patterns, and patients outcome among genospecies were retrospectively compared. Samples were taken from the tracheal secretions of 143 patients in the ICU. Genospecies of the ACB complex were discriminated by analysis of the 16S-23S rRNA gene intergenic spacer (ITS) sequence...
2018: PloS One
Yulia Rosa Saharman, Anis Karuniawati, Rudyanto Sedono, Dita Aditianingsih, Pratiwi Sudarmono, Wil H F Goessens, Corné H W Klaassen, Henri A Verbrugh, Juliëtte A Severin
Background: Carbapenem-nonsusceptible A. baumannii-calcoaceticus complex have emerged worldwide, but the epidemiology in Indonesian hospitals has not been studied. Methods: A prospective observational study was performed on the intensive care units (ICUs) of the national referral hospital in Jakarta-Indonesia, in 2013 and 2014. All consecutive adult patients admitted and hospitalized for >48 h in ICUs were included. Basic and clinical data at admission were recorded...
2018: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
Massimiliano Lucidi, Federica Runci, Giordano Rampioni, Emanuela Frangipani, Livia Leoni, Paolo Visca
Understanding bacterial pathogenesis requires adequate genetic tools to assess the role of individual virulence determinants by mutagenesis and complementation assays, as well as for homologous and heterologous expression of cloned genes. Our knowledge of Acinetobacter baumannii pathogenesis has so far been limited by the scarcity of genetic tools to manipulate multi drug resistant (MDR) epidemic strains which are responsible for most of infections. Here, we report the construction of new multi-purpose shuttle plasmids, namely pVRL1 and pVRL2, which can efficiently replicate in Acinetobacter sp...
January 16, 2018: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Bruna Kern Donamore, Stephanie Wagner Gallo, Pedro Maria Abreu Ferreira, Carlos Alexandre Sanchez Ferreira, Sílvia Dias de Oliveira
AIM: To evaluate the influence of aeration on persister levels from Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-baumannii isolates exposed to meropenem or tobramycin, as well as analyze morphological and structural changes in persisters. MATERIALS & METHODS: Levels of persisters were determined after a 48-h exposure to tobramycin or meropenem under aerated or static conditions, and persisters were analyzed by scanning and transmission electron microscopy. RESULTS: The fractions of persisters varied between isolates...
January 5, 2018: Future Microbiology
A C Hernandez-Morales, L L Lessor, T L Wood, D Migl, E M Mijalis, W K Russell, R F Young, J J Gill
The increased prevalence of drug-resistant, nosocomial Acinetobacter infections, particularly from pathogenic members of the Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-baumannii complex, necessitates the exploration of novel treatments such as phage therapy. In the present study, we characterize phage Petty, a novel podophage that infects multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter nosocomialis and Acinetobacter baumannii Genome analysis reveals that phage Petty is a 40,431bp ϕKMV-like phage, with a coding density of 92.2% and a G+C content of 42...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Virology
LongFei Zhao, YaJun Xu, XinHe Lai
A total of 276 endophytic bacteria were isolated from the root nodules of soybean (Glycine max L.) grown in 14 sites in Henan Province, China. The inhibitory activity of these bacteria against pathogenic fungus Phytophthora sojae 01 was screened in vitro. Six strains with more than 63% inhibitory activities were further characterized through optical epifluorescence microscopic observation, sequencing, and phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene, potential plant growth-promoting properties analysis, and plant inoculation assay...
October 13, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
Hugo Oliveira, Ana R Costa, Nico Konstantinides, Alice Ferreira, Ergun Akturk, Sanna Sillankorva, Alexandr Nemec, Mikhail Shneider, Andreas Dötsch, Joana Azeredo
Bacteriophages are ubiquitous in nature and represent a vast repository of genetic diversity, which is driven by the endless coevolution cycle with a diversified group of bacterial hosts. Studying phage-host interactions is important to gain novel insights into their dynamic adaptation. In this study, we isolated 12 phages infecting species of the Acinetobacter baumannii-Acinetobacter calcoaceticus complex which exhibited a narrow host range and similar morphological features (podoviruses with short tails of 9-12 nm and isometric heads of 50-60 nm)...
December 2017: Environmental Microbiology
Maria Jose Grande Burgos, Jose Luis Romero, Rubén Pérez Pulido, Antonio Cobo Molinos, Antonio Gálvez, Rosario Lucas
Tilapia farming is a promising growing sector in aquaculture. Yet, there are limited studies on microbiological risks associated to tilapia farms. The aim of the present study was to analyse the bacterial communities from solid surfaces in contact with air in a tilapia farm in order to evaluate the presence of bacteria potentially toxinogenic or pathogenic to humans or animals. Samples from a local tilapia farm (tank wall, aerator, water outlets, sink and floor) were analyzed by high throughput sequencing technology...
January 2018: Environmental Research
Tim Bobrowski, Elena González Arribas, Roland Ludwig, Miguel D Toscano, Sergey Shleev, Wolfgang Schuhmann
We present a transparent and flexible self-charging biosupercapacitor based on an optimised mediator- and membrane-free enzymatic glucose/oxygen biofuel cell. Indium tin oxide (ITO) nanoparticles were spray-coated on transparent conducting ITO supports resulting in a flocculent, porous and nanostructured electrode surface. By this, high capacitive currents caused by an increased electrochemical double layer as well as enhanced catalytic currents due to a higher number of immobilised enzyme molecules were obtained...
October 11, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Fakhuruddin Indhar, Muhammad Asif Durrani, Amir Bux, Muhammad Sohail
OBJECTIVE: To determine the carbapenemases in carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter species. METHODS: This descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out at the Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, from March to December 2014, and comprised Acinetobacter species isolated from the clinical specimen collected from hospitalised neonates. The screening for carbapenem resistance was performed by meropenem and imipenem discs, and minimum inhibitory concentrations...
October 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
T Toyama, M Kuroda, Y Ogata, Y Hachiya, A Quach, K Tokura, Y Tanaka, K Mori, M Morikawa, M Ike
Duckweed offers the promise of a co-benefit culture combining water purification with biomass production. Acinetobacter calcoaceticus P23 is a plant growth-promoting bacterium isolated from a duckweed, Lemna aequinoctialis. This study quantified its growth-promoting effect on three duckweeds (L. aoukikusa, L. minor, and Spirodela polyrhiza) in sterile Hoagland solution and evaluated its usefulness in duckweed culture under non-sterile conditions. P23 promoted growth of three duckweeds in sterile Hoagland solution at low to high nutrient concentrations (1...
September 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Egle Cekanaviciute, Bryan B Yoo, Tessel F Runia, Justine W Debelius, Sneha Singh, Charlotte A Nelson, Rachel Kanner, Yadira Bencosme, Yun Kyung Lee, Stephen L Hauser, Elizabeth Crabtree-Hartman, Ilana Katz Sand, Mar Gacias, Yunjiao Zhu, Patrizia Casaccia, Bruce A C Cree, Rob Knight, Sarkis K Mazmanian, Sergio E Baranzini
The gut microbiota regulates T cell functions throughout the body. We hypothesized that intestinal bacteria impact the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS), an autoimmune disorder of the CNS and thus analyzed the microbiomes of 71 MS patients not undergoing treatment and 71 healthy controls. Although no major shifts in microbial community structure were found, we identified specific bacterial taxa that were significantly associated with MS. Akkermansia muciniphila and Acinetobacter calcoaceticus , both increased in MS patients, induced proinflammatory responses in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells and in monocolonized mice...
October 3, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Rubing Zhang, Wei Liu, Yujin Cao, Xin Xu, Mo Xian, Huizhou Liu
BACKGROUND: Phloroglucinol is an important chemical, and the biosynthesis processes which can convert glucose to phloroglucinol have been established. However, due to approximate 80% of the glucose being transformed into undesirable by-products and biomass, this biosynthesis process only shows a low yield with the highest value of about 0.20 g/g. The industrial applications are usually hindered by the low current productivity and yield and also by the high costs. Generally, several different aspects limit the development of phloroglucinol biosynthesis...
August 8, 2017: BMC Biotechnology
Margaret T Ho, Brian Weselowski, Ze-Chun Yuan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 3, 2017: Genome Announcements
Shamayeeta Ray, Santosh Panjikar, Ruchi Anand
Phenolic aromatic compounds are a major source of environmental pollution. Currently there are no in situ methods for specifically and selectively detecting these pollutants. Here, we exploit the nature's biosensory machinery by employing Acinetobacter calcoaceticus NCIB8250 protein, MopR, as a model system to develop biosensors for selective detection of a spectrum of these pollutants. The X-ray structure of the sensor domain of MopR was used as a scaffold for logic-based tunable biosensor design. By employing a combination of in silico structure guided approaches, mutagenesis and isothermal calorimetric studies, we were able to generate biosensor templates, that can selectively and specifically sense harmful compounds like chlorophenols, cresols, catechol, and xylenols...
March 24, 2017: ACS Sensors
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