keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

community acquired pneumonia AND children

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912842/severe-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-infection-in-children-admitted-to-pediatric-intensive-care
#1
Katie M Moynihan, Andrew Barlow, Clare Nourse, Claire Heney, Sanmarié Schlebusch, Luregn J Schlapbach
Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a common cause of community-acquired pneumonia and may cause life-threatening disease in children. We identified 30 (0.3%) confirmed M. pneumoniae cases by clinical and laboratory criteria in 11,526 PICU admissions. Outcomes were comparable to patients admitted with other infections (n=3,005, p>0.1). Our findings indicate that empiric antimicrobial coverage for M. pneumoniae infection in PICU is rarely needed.
June 15, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908521/respiratory-viruses-among-children-with-non-severe-community-acquired-pneumonia-a-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Amanda C Nascimento-Carvalho, Ana-Luisa Vilas-Boas, Maria-Socorro H Fontoura, Tytti Vuorinen, Cristiana M Nascimento-Carvalho
BACKGROUND: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) causes a major burden to the health care system among children under-5 years worldwide. Information on respiratory viruses in non-severe CAP cases is scarce. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the frequency of respiratory viruses among non-severe CAP cases. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study conducted in Salvador, Brazil. Out of 820 children aged 2-59 months with non-severe CAP diagnosed by pediatricians (respiratory complaints and radiographic pulmonary infiltrate/consolidation), recruited in a clinical trial (ClinicalTrials...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891609/population-pharmacokinetics-and-safety-of-solithromycin-following-intravenous-and-oral-administration-in-infants-children-and-adolescents
#3
Daniel Gonzalez, Laura P James, Amira Al-Uzri, Miroslava Bosheva, Felice C Adler-Shohet, Susan R Mendley, John S Bradley, Claudia Espinosa, Eva Tsonkova, Kathryn Moffett, Lucila Marquez, Kari A Simonsen, Stefan Stoilov, Felix Boakye-Agyeman, Theresa Jasion, Christoph P Hornik, Robert Hernandez, Daniel K Benjamin, Michael Cohen-Wolkowiez
Solithromycin is a novel fluoroketolide antibiotic, which was under investigation for the treatment of community-acquired bacterial pneumonia (CABP). A phase 1 study was performed to characterize the pharmacokinetics (PK) and safety of solithromycin in children. Eighty-four subjects (median age 6 years [range 4 days - 17 years]) were administered intravenous (IV) or oral (capsules or suspension) solithromycin (IV 6-8 mg/kg; capsules/suspension 14-16 mg/kg on Day 1 and 7-15 mg/kg on Days 2-5). PK samples were collected after first and multi-dose administration...
June 11, 2018: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29883232/emerging-problems-in-the-treatment-of-paediatric-community-acquired-pneumonia
#4
Nicola Principi, Susanna Esposito
Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) remains one of the most common reasons for paediatric morbidity and accounts for about 16% of all the deaths occurring in children less than 5 years of age. Areas covered: The main aim of this paper is to discuss the emerging problems for CAP treatment in paediatric age. Expert commentary: Official recommendations for therapeutic approaches to paediatric CAP, despite being not very recent, seem still to be the best solution to assure the highest probabilities of cure for children with this disease living in industrialized countries...
June 8, 2018: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850828/factors-associated-with-pneumonia-severity-in-children-a-systematic-review
#5
Preston Dean, Todd A Florin
Community-acquired pneumonia in children is associated with significant morbidity and mortality; however, data are limited in predicting which children will have negative outcomes, including clinical deterioration, severe disease, or development of complications. The Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society/Infectious Diseases Society of America (PIDS/IDSA) pediatric pneumonia guideline includes criteria that were modified from adult criteria and define pneumonia severity to assist with resource allocation and site-of-care decision-making...
May 30, 2018: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790844/antibiotic-use-for-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-neonates-and-children-who-evidence-review
#6
Shrey Mathur, Aline Fuchs, Julia Bielicki, Johannes Van Den Anker, Mike Sharland
Background Pneumonia is the most common cause of death in children worldwide, accounting for 15% of all deaths of children under 5 years of age. This review summarises the evidence for the empirical antibiotic treatment of community-acquired pneumonia in neonates and children and puts emphasis on publications since the release of the previous WHO Evidence Summary report published in 2014. Methods A systematic search for systematic reviews and meta-analyses of antibiotic therapy for community-acquired pneumonia was conducted between 1 January 2013 and 10 November 2016...
November 2018: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788200/mycoplasma-pneumoniae-as-a-cause-of-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-children
#7
Samir S Shah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788037/mycoplasma-pneumoniae-among-children-hospitalized-with-community-acquired-pneumonia
#8
Preeta K Kutty, Seema Jain, Thomas H Taylor, Anna M Bramley, Maureen H Diaz, Krow Ampofo, Sandra R Arnold, Derek J Williams, Kathryn M Edwards, Jonathan A McCullers, Andrew T Pavia, Jonas M Winchell, Stephanie J Schrag, Lauri A Hicks
Background: The burden and epidemiology of Mycoplasma pneumoniae (Mp) among U.S. children (<18 years) hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) are poorly understood. Methods: In the Etiology of Pneumonia in the Community (EPIC) study, we prospectively enrolled 2254 children hospitalized with radiographically-confirmed pneumonia from January 2010-June 2012 and tested nasopharyngeal/oropharyngeal swabs for Mp using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
May 17, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785832/lectin-microarray-combined-with-mass-spectrometry-identifies-haptoglobin-related-protein-hpr-as-a-potential-serologic-biomarker-for-separating-non-bacterial-pneumonia-from-bacterial-pneumonia-in-childhood
#9
Lin Yang, Zhou Yang, Lei Cheng, Juan Cheng, Li Cheng, Yangyang Sun, Wenting Li, Kai Song, Weichun Huang, Yong Yin, Shengce Tao, Qinghua Zhang
PURPOSE: Etiological diagnosis of pediatric patients with community-acquired pneumonia is difficult. For therapy, one of the major problems is the difficulty in separating bacterial pneumonia which would benefit from antibiotics from non-bacterial pneumonia. Therefore, we sought to identify potential biomarkers for distinguishing non-bacterial pneumonia from bacterial pneumonia. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Lectin microarray containing 91 lectins was used to screen serums from pediatric patients with pneumonia...
May 22, 2018: Proteomics. Clinical Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759424/lung-ultrasound-findings-undetectable-by-chest-radiography-in-children-with-community-acquired-pneumonia
#10
Giulio Iorio, Maria Capasso, Salvatore Prisco, Giuseppe De Luca, Carlo Mancusi, Bruno Laganà, Maria Antonietta Piscopo, Vincenzo Comune
The purpose of our study was to evaluate any differences between lung ultrasonography and chest radiography (CR) images in children with a diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and, if there are any, to analyze the reasons and possible clinical implications. We reviewed the medical records of patients admitted to the pediatric ward from January 2014 to December 2016 and selected only cases discharged with a diagnosis of CAP who had undergone performed lung ultrasound (LUS) and CR within 24 h of each other...
May 11, 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754841/-risks-associated-with-the-use-of-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-during-pneumonia
#11
REVIEW
G Voiriot, M Chalumeau, J Messika, D Basille, B Philippe, J-D Ricard, C Andrejak, V Jounieaux, O Sanchez, M Fartoukh
INTRODUCTION: Outpatient treatment of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) patients with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is frequent, although this is not based on clinical recommendations and there is no scientific evidence supporting better symptom relief in comparison to acetaminophen. STATE OF THE ART: Experimental data suggest that NSAIDs alter the intrinsic functions of neutrophils, limit their locoregional recruitment, alter bacterial clearance and delay the resolution of inflammatory processes during acute bacterial pulmonary challenge...
May 10, 2018: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754466/temporal-trends-in-paediatric-bacterial-meningitis-in-a-tropical-australian-region-1992-2014
#12
Stephanie White, Hala Katf, Rob Baird, Joshua Francis
AIM: The epidemiology of community-acquired bacterial meningitis has changed following the introduction of routine immunisation against common causative organisms. Indigenous children living in the Northern Territory, Australia, have high rates of bacterial infections. This study describes changes in the epidemiology of childhood bacterial meningitis and the distribution of the burden of disease in the Top End. METHODS: A retrospective review of cases derived from hospital medical records and laboratory data was performed...
May 13, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749357/-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-a-significant-but-underrated-pathogen-in-paediatric-community-acquired-lower-respiratory-tract-infections
#13
REVIEW
Surinder Kumar
Lower respiratory tract infections are considered a common cause responsible for morbidity and mortality among children, and Mycoplasma pneumoniae is identified to be responsible for up to 40 per cent of community-acquired pneumonia in children greater than five years of age. Extrapulmonary manifestations have been reported either due to spread of infection or autoimmune mechanisms. Infection by M. pneumoniae has high incidence and clinical importance but is still an underrated disease. Most widely used serologic methods are enzyme immunoassays for detection of immunoglobulin M (IgM), IgG and IgA antibodies to M...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748750/clinical-and-laboratory-features-of-children-with-community-acquired-pneumonia-are-associated-with-distinct-radiographic-presentations
#14
Oana G Falup-Pecurariu, Javier Diez-Domingo, Susanna Esposito, Adam Finn, Fernanda Rodrigues, Vana Spoulou, George A Syrogiannopoulos, Vytautas Usonis, David Greenberg
Chest radiographs from children with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) were categorized into three distinct presentations and each presentation was correlated to clinical and laboratory findings. Children < 59 months with CAP presenting to pediatric emergency rooms during two years were enrolled prospectively in eight centers across Europe. Clinical and laboratory data were documented and radiographs obtained from patients. Of the 1107 enrolled patients, radiographs were characterized as 74.9% alveolar CAP, 8...
May 11, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746377/risk-factors-for-severe-community-acquired-pneumonia-among-children-hospitalized-with-cap-younger-than-5-years-of-age
#15
Wei Shan, Ting Shi, Kaile Chen, Jian Xue, Yin Wang, Jia Yu, Genming Zhao, Jianmei Tian, Tao Zhang
BACKGROUND: CAP causes great morbidity and mortality as well as enormous economic burden worldwide. This study intended to describe the clinical characteristics of CAP and explore the risk factors of severe CAP among children in downtown Suzhou, China. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of childhood hospitalizations in Soochow University Affiliated Children's Hospital (SCH) from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2014. Children who were residents of downtown Suzhou, 29 days to <5 years of age, with discharge diagnosis codes (ICD-10) J09 to J18 and J20 to J22 were included...
May 9, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743795/prevalence-and-impact-of-bacterial-infections-in-children-with-liver-disease-a-prospective-study
#16
Rishi Bolia, Anshu Srivastava, Rungmei Marak, Surender K Yachha, Ujjal Poddar
Background and aims: Risk of infections is increased in patients with Acute Liver Failure (ALF) and Decompensated Chronic Liver Disease (DCLD). We evaluated the frequency, site, type and risk-factors for bacterial infections in children with ALF and DCLD and its effect on outcome. Methods: ALF or DCLD children were enrolled prospectively. Clinical and laboratory details were recorded. Cultures (blood, urine and ascites) and chest X-ray were done at admission followed by weekly surveillance cultures...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719793/an-unusual-case-of-lung-abscess-secondary-to-round-pneumonia-caused-by-recurrent-klebsiella-pneumoniae-strain-and-the-role-of-occult-metastases-tumor
#17
Shuchang An, Xiangli Li, Shenhai Wei, Chaofeng Luo, Rong Cui
Round pneumonia is an uncommon form of community-acquired pneumonia usually found in children. To this date, there has been no report on local pulmonary complications in this entity in adult patients. The present study reports a case of a 77-year-old male with lung abscess secondary to round pneumonia caused by recurrent Klebsiella pneumoniae infection accompanied by occult metastases tumor. Occult metastases may have played an important role in leading to cavity as in this present case. Further investigation regarding the relationship between recurrent infection and metastases is needed...
2018: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698412/clinical-manifestations-in-infants-and-children-with-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-infection
#18
Mia Johanna Søndergaard, Martin Barfred Friis, Dennis Schrøder Hansen, Inger Merete Jørgensen
BACKGROUND: Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a common cause of community-acquired pneumonia in older children. Pulmonary and extra-pulmonary symptoms associated with M. pneumoniae infection are reported. M. pneumoniae is mainly epidemic in Denmark with the recurrence every 4-7th year. AIMS: Retrospectively, to describe the epidemiology and clinical features, in infants and children, during the M. pneumoniae epidemic in 2010 and 2011. METHODS: All children under the age of 16 that were tested for M...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697383/-abnormalities-of-thyroid-hormone-metabolism-during-community%C3%A2-acquired-pneumonia-nonthyroidal-illness-syndrome-and-intracellular-iodine-distribution-in-children
#19
H Pavlyshyn, V Kibar, V Furdela, N Haliyash, I Sarapuk
The aim of the study ‒ to investigate the changes of thyroid function and to reveal the relationship in between intracellular distribution of iodine in the blood with the severity of the course of pneumonia in children. We investigated 70 patients in age 6-14 years with moderate and severe CAP and 35 healthy children. The levels of free thyroxine (fT4), free triiodo-thyronine (fT3) and thyroid stimulating hormone, thyroid gland ultrasound and urinary iodine were estimated. Inorganic iodine, total and organificated iodine was investigated...
March 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676360/detection-of-immunoglobulin-m-and-immunoglobulin-g-antibodies-to-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-in-children-with-community-acquired-lower-respiratory-tract-infections
#20
Surinder Kumar, Indu Bala Garg, Gulshan Rai Sethi, Sanchit Kumar, Sanjeev R Saigal
Context: Mycoplasma pneumoniae (M. pneumoniae) causes up to 40% of community-acquired pneumonia in children. It is impossible to identify M. pneumoniae infection on the basis of clinical signs, symptoms, and radiological features. Therefore, correct etiological diagnosis strongly depends on laboratory diagnosis. Aims: This study aims to investigate the role of M. pneumonia e in pediatric lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) employing enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) and particle agglutination (PA) test...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
keyword
keyword
57658
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"