keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

health economics cost

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342371/global-regional-and-country-level-economic-impacts-of-dental-diseases-in-2015
#1
A J Righolt, M Jevdjevic, W Marcenes, S Listl
Up-to-date information about the economic impact of dental diseases is essential for health care decision makers when seeking to make rational use of available resources. The purpose of this study was to provide up-to-date estimates for dental expenditures (direct costs) and productivity losses (indirect costs) due to dental diseases on the global, regional, and country level. Direct costs of dental diseases were estimated using a previously established systematic approach; indirect costs were estimated using an approach developed by the World Health Organization Commission on Macroeconomics and Health and factoring in 2015 values for gross domestic product and disability-adjusted life years from the Global Burden of Disease Study...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339126/addressing-the-impact-and-unmet-needs-of-nonadherence-in-asthma-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-where-do-we-go-from-here
#2
Richard Dekhuijzen, Federico Lavorini, Omar S Usmani, Job F M van Boven
Nonadherence to treatment, and its associated health and economic burden, is particularly problematic in asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease management because of heterogeneous patient populations and the need for an inhaled route of drug administration. Symptom variability, comorbidities, and device switching further add to suboptimal adherence rates. As opposed to controlled clinical trials, real-life studies show consistently low inhaler adherence in daily practice, yet exact adherence rates have long been affected by disagreement on standardized definitions...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338438/challenges-in-adult-vaccination
#3
Eduardo de Gomensoro, Giuseppe Del Giudice, T Mark Doherty
Life-long primary prevention interventions beginning and continuing throughout an individual's lifetime are increasingly seen as key to meeting the global healthcare challenges that accompany demographic changes - a concept referred to as "Healthy aging". In this perspective, vaccination is seen as part of a triad, together with healthy diet and exercise. Current adult vaccine coverage is lower than target vaccination rates in most developed countries, and so vaccine preventable diseases continue to present a substantial burden on health and healthcare resources, especially in older individuals...
January 16, 2018: Annals of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337686/forgotten-public-health-impacts-of-cancer-an-overview
#4
Susana Viegas, Carina Ladeira, Ana Costa-Veiga, Julian Perelman, Goran Gajski
Cancer is one of the diseases of greatest concern in developed countries and much effort has been invested in discovering and developing therapeutics for curing cancer. Despite the improvements in antineoplastic therapeutics in the last decades, cancer is still one of the most harmful diseases worldwide. The global burden of cancer also implies financial costs: these can be direct costs, such as those related to treatment, care, and rehabilitation and indirect, which include the loss of economic output due to missed work (morbidity costs) and premature death (mortality costs)...
December 20, 2017: Arhiv za Higijenu Rada i Toksikologiju
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337204/the-positive-impacts-of-real-world-data-on-the-challenges-facing-the-evolution-of-biopharma
#5
REVIEW
John Wise, Angeli Möller, David Christie, Dipak Kalra, Elia Brodsky, Evelina Georgieva, Greg Jones, Ian Smith, Lars Greiffenberg, Marie McCarthy, Michael Arend, Olivier Luttringer, Sebastian Kloss, Steve Arlington
Demand for healthcare services is unprecedented. Society is struggling to afford the cost. Pricing of biopharmaceutical products is under scrutiny, especially by payers and Health Technology Assessment agencies. As we discuss here, rapidly advancing technologies, such Real-World Data (RWD), are being utilized to increase understanding of disease. RWD, when captured and analyzed, produces the Real-World Evidence (RWE) that underpins the economic case for innovative medicines. Furthermore, RWD can inform the understanding of disease, help identify new therapeutic intervention points, and improve the efficiency of research and development (R&D), especially clinical trials...
January 11, 2018: Drug Discovery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336929/economic-burden-and-cost-effective-management-of-clostridium-difficile-infections
#6
REVIEW
S M Heimann, M R Cruz Aguilar, S Mellinghof, M J G T Vehreschild
Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is the most important cause of healthcare-associated infectious diarrhea in industrialized countries. We performed a literature review of the overall economic burden of initial and recurrent CDI as well as of the cost-effectiveness of the various treatment strategies applied in these settings. Even though analysis of health economic data is complicated by the limited comparability of results, our review identified several internationally consistent results. Authors from different countries have shown that recurrent CDI disproportionally contributes to the overall economic burden of CDI and therefore offers considerable saving potential...
January 11, 2018: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335933/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-bariatric-surgery-for-morbid-obesity
#7
Adnan Alsumali, Tewodros Eguale, Sigrid Bairdain, Mihail Samnaliev
BACKGROUND: In the USA, three types of bariatric surgeries are widely performed, including laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG), laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB), and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB). However, few economic evaluations of bariatric surgery are published. There is also scarcity of studies focusing on the LSG alone. Therefore, this study is evaluating the cost-effectiveness of bariatric surgery using LRYGB, LAGB, and LSG as treatment for morbid obesity...
January 15, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334881/a-proactive-behavioral-health-service-model-to-address-use-of-constant-observation-in-a-general-hospital
#8
Aaron Pinkhasov, Deepan Singh, Sridivya Chavali, Lori Legrand, Rose Calixte
In hospitals, use of constant observation (CO) causes significant economic burden without demonstrated reduction in adverse events. A novel quality improvement (QI) project was developed to reduce use of CO by integrating proactive behavioral health management of all patients requiring CO in a general hospital. Specific nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic interventions used in this project, which included 491 patients, are discussed. Data collected were compared with data from a baseline period before project implementation...
January 16, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334316/potential-therapeutic-and-economic-value-of-risk-stratified-treatment-as-initial-treatment-of-multiple-myeloma-in-europe
#9
Jennifer G Gaultney, Therese W Ng, Carin A Uyl-de Groot, Pieter Sonneveld, Erik H van Beers, Martin H van Vliet, William K Redekop
Biomarkers associated with prognosis in multiple myeloma (MM) can be used to stratify patients into risk categories. An attractive alternative to uniform treatment (UT), risk-stratified treatment (RST) is proposed where high-risk patients receive bortezomib-based regimens while standard-risk patients receive alternative less costly regimens. An early Markov-type decision analytic model evaluated the potential therapeutic and economic value of different RST strategies compared with UT in MM patients in key European countries...
January 15, 2018: Pharmacogenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333660/interventions-to-increase-attendance-for-diabetic-retinopathy-screening
#10
REVIEW
John G Lawrenson, Ella Graham-Rowe, Fabiana Lorencatto, Jennifer Burr, Catey Bunce, Jillian J Francis, Patricia Aluko, Stephen Rice, Luke Vale, Tunde Peto, Justin Presseau, Noah Ivers, Jeremy M Grimshaw
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence supporting the effectiveness of diabetic retinopathy screening (DRS) in reducing the risk of sight loss, attendance for screening is consistently below recommended levels. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of the review was to assess the effectiveness of quality improvement (QI) interventions that seek to increase attendance for DRS in people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes.Secondary objectives were:To use validated taxonomies of QI intervention strategies and behaviour change techniques (BCTs) to code the description of interventions in the included studies and determine whether interventions that include particular QI strategies or component BCTs are more effective in increasing screening attendance;To explore heterogeneity in effect size within and between studies to identify potential explanatory factors for variability in effect size;To explore differential effects in subgroups to provide information on how equity of screening attendance could be improved;To critically appraise and summarise current evidence on the resource use, costs and cost effectiveness...
January 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331740/development-and-validation-of-a-new-population-based-simulation-model-of-osteoarthritis-in-new-zealand
#11
Ross Wilson, J Haxby Abbott
OBJECTIVE: To describe the construction and preliminary validation of a new population-based microsimulation model developed to analyse the health and economic burden and cost-effectiveness of treatments for knee osteoarthritis (OA) in New Zealand (NZ). METHOD: We developed the New Zealand Management of Osteoarthritis (NZ-MOA) model, a discrete-time state-transition microsimulation model of the natural history of radiographic knee OA. In this article, we report on the model structure, derivation of input data, validation of baseline model parameters against external data sources, and validation of model outputs by comparison of the predicted population health loss with previous estimates...
January 10, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331471/symposium-review-novel-strategies-to-genetically-improve-mastitis-resistance-in-dairy-cattle
#12
P Martin, H W Barkema, L F Brito, S G Narayana, F Miglior
Mastitis is a disease of major economic importance to the dairy cattle sector because of the high incidence of clinical mastitis and prevalence of subclinical mastitis and, consequently, the costs associated with treatment, production losses, and reduced animal welfare. Disease-recording systems compiling data from a large number of farms are still not widely implemented around the world; thus, selection for mastitis resistance is often based on genetically correlated indicator traits such as somatic cell count (SCC), udder depth, and fore udder attachment...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330030/health-impact-assessment-of-cycling-network-expansions-in-european-cities
#13
Natalie Mueller, David Rojas-Rueda, Maëlle Salmon, David Martinez, Albert Ambros, Christian Brand, Audrey de Nazelle, Evi Dons, Mailin Gaupp-Berghausen, Regine Gerike, Thomas Götschi, Francesco Iacorossi, Luc Int Panis, Sonja Kahlmeier, Elisabeth Raser, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen
We conducted a health impact assessment (HIA) of cycling network expansions in seven European cities. We modeled the association between cycling network length and cycling mode share and estimated health impacts of the expansion of cycling networks. First, we performed a non-linear least square regression to assess the relationship between cycling network length and cycling mode share for 167 European cities. Second, we conducted a quantitative HIA for the seven cities of different scenarios (S) assessing how an expansion of the cycling network [i...
January 9, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328874/neighborhood-interventions-to-reduce-violence
#14
Michelle C Kondo, Elena Andreyeva, Eugenia C South, John M MacDonald, Charles C Branas
Violence is a widespread problem that affects the physical, mental, and social health of individuals and communities. Violence comes with an immense economic cost to its victims and society at large. Although violence interventions have traditionally targeted individuals, changes to the built environment in places where violence occurs show promise as practical, sustainable, and high-impact preventive measures. This review examines studies that use quasi-experimental or experimental designs to compare violence outcomes for treatment and control groups before and after a change is implemented in the built environment...
January 12, 2018: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327742/targeting-cleanups-towards-a-more-sustainable-future
#15
David O'Connor, Deyi Hou
A tension arises between society's disposition to protect people at risk from environmental pollution, and an aversion towards the potential harmful side-effects associated with cleanup activities. Here we explore how setting different cleanup standards may influence some of the environmental, social, and economic side-effects of remediation, and how they can be quantified for incorporation into cleanup target setting; these include (1) secondary environmental impacts, assessed by life cycle assessment (LCA); (2) fatalities and injuries, assessed by actuarial risk analysis; and (3) the cost effectiveness of stringent cleanup standards, assessed by the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER)...
January 12, 2018: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327468/why-do-people-become-health-workers-analysis-from-life-histories-in-4-post-conflict-and-post-crisis-countries
#16
Sophie Witter, Haja Wurie, Justine Namakula, Wilson Mashange, Yotamu Chirwa, Alvaro Alonso-Garbayo
While there is a growing body of literature on how to attract and retain health workers once they are trained, there is much less published on what motivates people to train as health professions in the first place in low- and middle-income countries and what difference this makes to later retention. In this article, we examine patterns in expressed motivation to join the profession across different cadres, based on 103 life history interviews conducted in northern Uganda, Sierra Leone, Cambodia, and Zimbabwe...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326187/pilot-study-protocol-to-inform-a-future-longitudinal-study-of-ageing-using-linked-administrative-data-healthy-ageing-in-scotland-hagis
#17
Elaine Douglas, Alasdair Rutherford, David Bell
INTRODUCTION: Population ageing is a welcome testament to improvements in the social, economic and health circumstances over the life course. However, these successes necessitate that we understand more about the pathways of ageing to plan and cost our health and social care services, to support our ageing population to live healthier for longer and to make adequate provisions for retirement. Longitudinal studies of ageing facilitate such understanding in many countries around the world...
January 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325589/catastrophic-total-costs-in-tuberculosis-affected-households-and-their-determinants-since-indonesia-s-implementation-of-universal-health-coverage
#18
Ahmad Fuady, Tanja A J Houweling, Muchtaruddin Mansyur, Jan Hendrik Richardus
BACKGROUND: As well as imposing an economic burden on affected households, the high costs related to tuberculosis (TB) can create access and adherence barriers. This highlights the particular urgency of achieving one of the End TB Strategy's targets: that no TB-affected households have to face catastrophic costs by 2020. In Indonesia, as elsewhere, there is also an emerging need to provide social protection by implementing universal health coverage (UHC). We therefore assessed the incidence of catastrophic total costs due to TB, and their determinants since the implementation of UHC...
January 12, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325517/a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-evaluating-the-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-the-daily-mile-on-childhood-obesity-and-wellbeing-the-birmingham-daily-mile-protocol
#19
Katie Breheny, Peymane Adab, Sandra Passmore, James Martin, Emma Lancashire, Karla Hemming, Emma Frew
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity prevention is a public health priority. Children spend a large proportion of their waking time in school; therefore this is an appropriate setting to implement obesity prevention initiatives. Anecdotal reports suggest that implementing The Daily Mile in schools has had positive effects on childhood obesity, academic attainment and wellbeing. This trial aims to measure the effectiveness of The Daily Mile for improving health and wellbeing. METHODS: This protocol describes a cluster randomised controlled trial (RCT) in 40 primary schools located in Birmingham, UK...
January 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325516/brucellosis-remains-a-neglected-disease-in-the-developing-world-a-call-for-interdisciplinary-action
#20
K A Franc, R C Krecek, B N Häsler, A M Arenas-Gamboa
BACKGROUND: Brucellosis is an endemic zoonotic disease in most of the developing world that causes devastating losses to the livestock industry and small-scale livestock holders. Infected animals exhibit clinical signs that are of economic significance to stakeholders and include reduced fertility, abortion, poor weight gain, lost draught power, and a substantial decline in milk production. In humans, brucellosis typically manifests as a variety of non-specific clinical signs. Chronicity and recurring febrile conditions, as well as devastating complications in pregnant women are common sequelae...
January 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
keyword
keyword
57644
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"