Read by QxMD icon Read

Pilocytic astrocytoma

Debajyoti Chatterjee, Bishan Dass Radotra, Narendra Kumar, Rakesh Kumar Vasishta, Sunil Kumar Gupta
Background: According to the current World Health Organization (WHO) classification of central nervous system (CNS) tumors (2016), histological diagnosis of gliomas should be supplemented by molecular information. This study was carried out to determine the frequency of isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 ( IDH 1), ATRX , and BRAF V600E mutations in different grade astrocytomas and their prognostic value. Methods: Eighty cases of astrocytoma (15 pilocytic astrocytoma, 25 diffuse astrocytoma, 15 anaplastic astrocytoma, and 25 glioblastoma) with follow-up information were analyzed using immunohistochemistry for IDH1 mutant protein, ATRX, p53, and BRAF...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
Haesu Lee Motoyama, Sohsuke Yamada, Satoko Nakada, Nozomu Kurose, Akihide Tanimoto
Optic nerve pilocytic astrocytoma is an uncommon but well-known entity; however, intraorbital ancient pilocytic astrocytoma of the optic nerve is extremely rarely reported. To our knowledge, this is the first detailed description regarding the intraorbital ancient pilocytic astrocytoma, reported in available English literature, to date. We presented an extremely unusual neurofibromatosis type 1 case of a 17-year-old male's sudden ocular pain secondary to intraorbital pilocytic astrocytoma of the optic nerve with markedly cystic degeneration, fluid production, and hemorrhage, due to ancient and possibly ruptured glioma...
2018: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Aurore Bussat, Maia Proisy, Bertrand Bruneau, Guillaume Bouzillé, Céline Chappé, Laurent Riffaud
OBJECTIVE Tumor-related edema of the optic tract (EOT) corresponds to a preferential posterior distribution of peritumoral edema along the white matter tract of the visual system. To date, the consequences of EOT have never been evaluated specifically in the pediatric population. In this study, the authors attempted to identify clinical and radiological features associated with the development of EOT and the specific influence of this edema on visual function. METHODS A retrospective review was performed of data collected from patients younger than 18 years who underwent surgery for a tumor in the sellar region at the authors' institution between January 2005 and January 2016...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Serena Trubini, Alessandro Ubiali, Carlo Terenzio Paties, Luigi Cavanna
In melanoma, a number of specific genetic and genomic aberrations have been identified to be important in tumorigenesis. In particular, the mutant B-Raf proto-oncogene, Serine/Threonine kinase (BRAF) gene is the target of tailored therapy with kinase inhibitor molecules. Identification of the array of mutations in patients with melanoma will be useful in determining a genetic profile of the tumor with potential implications for treatment decisions. A rare aminoacidic insertion in codon 599 of the BRAF gene (c...
March 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Kazufumi Kikuchi, Akio Hiwatashi, Osamu Togao, Koji Yamashita, Ryotaro Kamei, Mika Kitajima, Masafumi Kanoto, Hiroto Takahashi, Yusuke Uchiyama, Masafumi Harada, Yuki Shinohara, Takashi Yoshiura, Yuki Wakata, Hiroshi Honda
PURPOSE: Imaging findings of pilocytic astrocytoma (PA) vary widely, sometimes resembling those of high-grade glioma (HGG). This study aimed to identify the imaging parameters that can be used to differentiate PA from HGG. METHODS: Altogether, 60 patients with PAs and 138 patients with HGGs were included in the study. Tumor properties and the presence of hydrocephalus, peritumoral edema, and dissemination were evaluated. We also measured the maximum relative cerebral blood flow (rCBFmax ) and volume (rCBVmax ) and determined the minimum apparent diffusion coefficient (ADCmin ) in the tumor's solid components...
February 15, 2018: Neuroradiology
Saraj Kumar Singh, Himanshu Agarwal
A Neuroimage of a cerebellar pilocytic astrocytoma with supratentorial extension in a 26 year old male illustraiting how slow growing brain tumours expand respecting dural but not neural barriers.
February 15, 2018: British Journal of Neurosurgery
Martin Hasselblatt, Mohammed Jaber, David Reuss, Oliver Grauer, Annkatrin Bibo, Stephanie Terwey, Uta Schick, Heinrich Ebel, Thomas Niederstadt, Walter Stummer, Andreas von Deimling, Werner Paulus
The histological and molecular features and even the mere existence of diffuse astrocytoma, IDH-wildtype, remain unclear. We therefore examined 212 diffuse astrocytomas (grade II WHO) in adults using IDH1(R132H) immunohistochemistry followed by IDH1/IDH2 sequencing and neuroimaging review. DNA methylation status and copy number profiles were assessed by Infinium HumanMethylation450k BeadChip. Only 25/212 patients harbored tumors without IDH1/IDH2 hotspot mutations and without contrast enhancement. By DNA methylation profiling, 10/25 tumors were classified as glioblastoma, IDH-wildtype, and an additional 7 cases could not be classified using methylome analysis, but showed genetic characteristics of glioblastoma...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology
Christoph Sippl, Steffi Urbschat, Yoo Jin Kim, Sebastian Senger, Joachim Oertel, Ralf Ketter
Promoter methylation of P15, P16, RB transcriptional corepressor 1 (RB1) and O-6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) impacts the prognosis of numerous glioma subtypes. However, whether promoter methylation of these genes also has an impact on the clinical course of pilocytic astrocytoma remains unclear. Using methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction, the methylation status of the tumor suppressor genes P15, P16, RB1, and MGMT in pilocytic astrocytomas (n=18) was analyzed. Immunohistochemical staining for the R132H mutation of the isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP(+)) 1, cytosolic (IDH1) gene was performed...
February 2018: Oncology Letters
Jo-Fen Liu, Robert A Dineen, Shivaram Avula, Tom Chambers, Manali Dutta, Tim Jaspan, Donald C MacArthur, Simon Howarth, Daniele Soria, Philip Quinlan, Srikrishna Harave, Chan Chang Ong, Conor L Mallucci, Ram Kumar, Barry Pizer, David A Walker
BACKGROUND: Despite previous identification of pre-operative clinical and radiological predictors of post-operative paediatric cerebellar mutism syndrome (CMS), a unifying pre-operative risk stratification model for use during surgical consent is currently lacking. The aim of the project is to develop a simple imaging-based pre-operative risk scoring scheme to stratify patients in terms of post-operative CMS risk. METHODS: Pre-operative radiological features were recorded for a retrospectively assembled cohort of 89 posterior fossa tumour patients from two major UK treatment centers (age 2-23yrs; gender 28 M, 61 F; diagnosis: 38 pilocytic astrocytoma, 32 medulloblastoma, 12 ependymoma, 1 high grade glioma, 1 pilomyxoid astrocytoma, 1 atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumour, 1 hemangioma, 1 neurilemmoma, 2 oligodendroglioma)...
February 12, 2018: British Journal of Neurosurgery
W Li, Y R Wang, W Song, W Chang, X Guo, Y Liu, X Y Wang, B Zhang
Objective: To investigate the changes of activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), prothrombin time (PT), thrombin time(TT), fibrinogen(FIB) and platelet counts(PLT) in plasma of patients with glioma, and to explore the correlations between PT, APTT, TT, FIB and PLT with malignant grades of glioma. Methods: One hundred and seventy-two patients with glioma and 47 health controls were investigated in a retrospective analysis. All patients were diagnosed and identified the WHO grade by pathologist after operation...
January 30, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Kevin J Lee, Eduardo Marchan, Jennifer Peterson, Anna C Harrell, Alfredo Quinones-Hinojosa, Paul D Brown, Daniel M Trifiletti
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: Adult pilocytic astrocytomas (PA) are relatively rare central nervous system (CNS) tumors with a favorable prognosis. We sought to investigate existing clinical management strategies and overall survival (OS) as a function of various clinical characteristics among adult patients with PA. METHODS/MATERIALS: All patients over age 18 years, diagnosed with CNS pilocytic astrocytomas from 2004-2014 in the National Cancer Database were included. Clinical and treatment-related characteristics were recorded and analyzed for an association with OS following diagnosis using univariate and multivariate analyses...
February 7, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Kirsten van Baarsen, Jonathan Roth, Natalia Serova, Roger J Packer, Ben Shofty, Ulrich-W Thomale, Giuseppe Cinalli, Helen Toledano, Shalom Michowiz, Shlomi Constantini
OBJECTIVE Hemorrhage (also known as apoplexy) in optic pathway gliomas (OPGs) is rare. Because of the variable presentations and low incidence of OPG hemorrhages, little is known about their clinical course and the best treatment options. The aim of this work was to review risk factors, clinical course, and treatment strategies of optic glioma hemorrhages in the largest possible number of cases. METHODS A total of 34 patients were analyzed. Nine new cases were collected, and 25 were identified in the literature...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
Vita Stagno, Conor Mallucci, Shivaram Avula, Barry Pizer
Vinblastine has shown activity as second line treatment in Low Grade Glioma (LGG) in children as well as anti-angiogenic activity in vitro. A 5 year old girl presented with 6 week history of headaches. MRI demonstrated a right temporo-parietal mass with abnormal pathological vasculature including aneurysmal vessels. Biopsy showed a pilocytic astrocytoma. Due to increased risk from surgery, first line treatment with vinblastine was given. Over 10 months, progressive reduction of tumour vascularity was demonstrated...
February 6, 2018: British Journal of Neurosurgery
Khalid Abdalla, Shaker Abdullah, Abeer Almehdar, Naglla Elimam, Mohammed Burhan Abrar, Wasil Jastaniah
BACKGROUND: Treatment modality impacts outcome of childhood low-grade glioma (LGG). Optimizing management in developing countries can be challenging. This study evaluates the clinical characteristics, treatment, and factors influencing outcome of childhood LGG in Saudi Arabia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study retrospectively evaluated 59 children consecutively diagnosed with LGG between January 2001 and June 2016. RESULTS: Median age at diagnosis was 6...
February 2, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Bette K Kleinschmidt-DeMasters, Jean M Mulcahy Levy
BACKGROUND: H3 K27M mutation was originally described in pediatric diffuse intrinsic pontine gliomas (DIPGs), but has been recently recognized to occur also in adult midline diffuse gliomas, as well as midline tumors with other morphologies, including gangliogliomas (GGs), anaplastic GGs, pilocytic astrocytomas (PAs), and posterior fossa ependymomas. In a few patients with H3 K27M-mutant tumors with these alternate morphologies, longer survival has been reported, making grading difficult for the neuropathologist...
February 2, 2018: Clinical Neuropathology
Santhosh A Upadhyaya, Giles W Robinson, Julie H Harreld, Paul D Klimo, Mary Ellen Hoehn, Brent A Orr, Ibrahim A Qaddoumi
BACKGROUND: Despite appropriate therapeutic interventions, progressive optic pathway glioma (OPG) in children may result in loss of vision and other neurologic morbidities. Molecularly targeted therapy against the MAP kinase pathway holds promise in improving outcomes while resulting in lower treatment-related toxicities. We report two children with refractory OPG who had a substantial and early reversal of their neurologic deficits and an impressive imaging response of their tumor to BRAFV600E inhibition therapy...
February 1, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Gautam Dutta, Daljit Singh, Hukum Singh, Deepashu Sachdeva, Vikas Kumar, Ashutosh Chaturvedi
We present a rare case of a 55-yr old patient of pilocytic astrocytoma of the cerebello-pontine angle mimicking a vestibular schwannoma. The tumor protruded into the porus acusticus causing enlargement of the internal auditory meatus, which is quite an unusual feature of glial tumours.
December 26, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
Howard L Weiner, Dimitris G Placantonakis
The resection of deep-seated brain tumors has been associated with morbidity due to injury to critical neural structures during the approach. Recent technological advancements in navigation and stereotaxy, surgical planning, brain tractography and minimal-access brain ports present the opportunity to overcome such limitations. Here, we present the case of a pediatric patient with a left thalamic/midbrain juvenile pilocytic astrocytoma (JPA). The tumor displaced the corticospinal fibers posteriorly and resulted in hemiparesis...
October 11, 2017: Curēus
Jing-Jing Ge, Cheng Li, Jun-Ping Zhang
BACKGROUND: There is no standard salvage treatment for recurrent and/or unresectable brainstem low-grade gliomas after failure from carboplatin and vincristine chemotherapy. Recombinant human endostatin (rh-ES), a mild inhibitor of angiogenesis, has been used for treating lung cancer. But so far as we know, there is no experience for brainstem gliomas. CASE DESCRIPTION: The authors present a pediatric case of recurrent brainstem pilocytic astrocytoma with neuraxis dissemination who experienced tumor progression with carboplatin and vincristine chemotherapy but then had a dramatic and long-term remission for at least 29 months after combined treatment of rh-ES with carboplatin and vincristine...
February 2018: World Neurosurgery
J R F Wilson, F Saeed, A K Tyagi, J R Goodden, G Sivakumar, D Crimmins, M Elliott, S Picton, P D Chumas
INTRODUCTION: The neutrophil-lymphocyte count ratio (NLCR) is an established prognostic marker for renal, lung and colorectal carcinomas and has been suggested to be predictive of histological grade and outcome in adult intracranial tumours. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a correlation of the pre-operative neutrophil count (NC) and NLCR with the final histological grade exists in paediatric intracranial tumours. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was undertaken at a single centre...
November 29, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"