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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805537/high-prevalence-of-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-in-wild-fish-from-the-mediterranean-sea-in-algeria
#1
Soumia Brahmi, Abdelaziz Touati, Catherine Dunyach-Remy, Albert Sotto, Alix Pantel, Jean-Philippe Lavigne
AIM: We investigated the prevalence of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae among wild fish from the coast of Bejaia (Algeria) in the Mediterranean Sea. RESULTS: From March 2012 to August 2013, gut and gill samples of wild fish were screened for the presence of ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae. Strains were characterized with regard to antibiotic resistance, β-lactamase content, plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance, aminoglycoside resistance genes, and clonality (repetitive sequence-based polymerase chain reaction profiles and multilocus sequence typing)...
August 14, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747968/quinolone-susceptibility-and-genetic-characterization-of-salmonella-enterica-subsp-enterica-isolated-from-pet-turtles
#2
B C J De Silva, Sabrina Hossain, S H M P Wimalasena, H N K S Pathirana, Mitchell Wendt, Gang-Joon Heo
Turtle-borne Salmonella enterica owns significance as a leading cause in human salmonellosis. The current study aimed to determine the quinolone susceptibility and the genetic characteristics of 21 strains of S. enterica subsp. enterica isolated from pet turtles. Susceptibility of four antimicrobials including nalidixic acid, ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin, and levofloxacin was examined in disk diffusion and MIC tests where the majority of the isolates were susceptible to all tested quinolones. In genetic characterization, none of the isolates were positive for qnr or aac(6')-Ib genes and no any target site mutations could be detected in gyrA, gyrB, and parC quinolone resistance determining regions (QRDR)...
June 2017: Laboratory Animal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648624/extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamases-and-plasmid-mediated-quinolone-resistance-in-enterobacterial-clinical-isolates-from-neonates-in-tunisia
#3
Karama Charfi, Raoudha Grami, Abir Ben Jeddou, Aziza Messaoudi, Yosra Mani, Olfa Bouallegue, Noureddine Boujaafar, Mahjoub Aouni, Hedi Mammeri, Wejdène Mansour
This study was conducted to investigate extended-spectrum-β-lactamase (ESBL) producing Enterobacteriaceae isolates from the Center of Maternity and Neonatology of Monastir, Tunisia. Fourty-six strains out of 283 were found to produce ESBL: Klebsiella pneumoniae (n = 37), Escherichia coli (n = 6), Enterobacter cloacae (n = 2), and Citrobacter freundi (n = 1). Genotyping analysis, using ERIC2 and RAPD, showed that strains were clonally unrelated. PCR amplification followed by sequencing revealed that all strains produced CTX-M-15...
June 23, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638412/molecular-identification-of-aminoglycoside-modifying-enzymes-and-plasmid-mediated-quinolone-resistance-genes-among-klebsiella-pneumoniae-clinical-isolates-recovered-from-egyptian-patients
#4
Mohamed F El-Badawy, Wael M Tawakol, Shaymaa W El-Far, Ibrahim A Maghrabi, Saleh A Al-Ghamdi, Moselhy S Mansy, Mohammed S Ashour, Mohamed M Shohayeb
Inappropriate use of antibiotics in clinical settings is thought to have led to the global emergence and spread of multidrug-resistant pathogens. The goal of this study was to investigate the prevalence of genes encoding aminoglycoside resistance and plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance among clinical isolates of Klebsiella pneumoniae. All K. pneumoniae isolates were phenotypically identified using API 20E and then confirmed genotypically through amplification of the specific K. pneumoniae phoE gene. All isolates were genotyped by the enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus polymerase chain reaction technique (ERIC-PCR)...
2017: International Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636609/genomic-and-phenotypic-characterisation-of-fluoroquinolone-resistance-mechanisms-in-enterobacteriaceae-in-durban-south-africa
#5
John Osei Sekyere, Daniel Gyamfi Amoako
Resistance to fluoroquinolones (FQ) is being increasingly reported and found to be mediated by efflux pumps, plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance genes (PMQR) and mutations in gyrA, gyrB, parC and parE. However, studies reporting on FQ resistance mechanisms (FQRM), particularly in Africa, are focused mostly on Salmonella. This study used a whole-genome-based approach to describe FQRM in forty-eight clinical Enterobacteriaceae isolates comprising of Klebsiella pneumoniae (n = 21), Serratia marcescens (n = 12), Enterobacter spp...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619611/an-insight-into-selection-specificity-of-quinolone-resistance-determinants-within-enterobacteriaceae-family
#6
Nivedita Dasgupta, Deepjyoti Paul, Debadatta Dhar Chanda, Birson Ingti, Dibyojyoti Bhattacharjee, Atanu Chakravarty, Amitabha Bhattacharjee
OBJECTIVES: Quinolone antimicrobials are frequently misused due to self-medication and suboptimal dose administration, leading to the development of resistance as well as treatment failure. The present study aimed to characterise plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR) determinants and their genetic selection in the presence of quinolone stress within members of the Enterobacteriaceae. METHODS: A total of 209 non-duplicate Enterobacteriaceae isolates were collected from hospital and community health centres over the period July 2013-June 2014...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526792/environmental-spread-of-new-delhi-metallo-%C3%AE-lactamase-1-producing-multidrug-resistant-bacteria-in-dhaka-bangladesh
#7
Mohammad Aminul Islam, Moydul Islam, Rashedul Hasan, M Iqbal Hossain, Ashikun Nabi, Mahdia Rahman, Wil H F Goessens, Hubert P Endtz, Alexandria B Boehm, Shah M Faruque
Resistance to carbapenem antibiotics through the production of New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase-1 (NDM-1) constitutes an emerging challenge in the treatment of bacterial infections. To monitor the possible source of the spread of these organisms in Dhaka, Bangladesh, we conducted a comparative analysis of wastewater samples from hospital-adjacent areas (HAR) and from community areas (COM), as well as public tap water samples, for the occurrence and characteristics of NDM-1-producing bacteria. Of 72 HAR samples tested, 51 (71%) samples were positive for NDM-1-producing bacteria, as evidenced by phenotypic tests and the presence of the blaNDM-1 gene, compared to 5 of 41 (12...
August 1, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516210/antibiotic-resistance-genes-in-surface-water-of-eutrophic-urban-lakes-are-related-to-heavy-metals-antibiotics-lake-morphology-and-anthropic-impact
#8
Yuyi Yang, Chen Xu, Xinhua Cao, Hui Lin, Jun Wang
Urban lakes are impacted by heavy human activities and represent potential reservoirs for antibiotic resistance genes. In this study, six urban lakes in Wuhan, central China were selected to analyze the distribution of sulfonamide resistance (sul) genes, tetracycline resistance (tet) genes and quinolone resistance (qnr) genes and their relationship with heavy metals, antibiotics, lake morphology and anthropic impact. sul1 and sul2 were detected in all six lakes and dominated the types of antibiotic resistance genes, which accounted for 86...
August 2017: Ecotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482456/antibiotic-resistance-genes-in-municipal-wastewater-treatment-systems-and-receiving-waters-in-arctic-canada
#9
Kara D Neudorf, Yan Nan Huang, Colin M Ragush, Christopher K Yost, Rob C Jamieson, Lisbeth Truelstrup Hansen
Domestic wastewater discharges may adversely impact arctic ecosystems and local indigenous people, who rely on being able to hunt and harvest food from their local environment. Therefore, there is a need to develop efficient wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), which can be operated in remote communities under extreme climatic conditions. WWTPs have been identified as reservoirs of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs). The objective of this work was to quantify the presence of nine different ARG markers (int1, sul1, sul2, tet(O), erm(B), mecA, blaCTX-M, blaTEM, and qnr(S)) in two passive systems (waste stabilization ponds [WSPs]) and one mechanical filtration plant operating in two smaller and one large community, respectively, in Nunavut, Canada...
November 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425875/occurrence-of-qnrb1-and-qnrb12-genes-mutation-in-gyra-and-ramr-and-expression-of-efflux-pumps-in-isolates-of-klebsiella-pneumoniae-carriers-of-blakpc-2
#10
Alexsandra Maria Lima Scavuzzi, Maria Amélia Vieira Maciel, Heloísa Ramos Lacerda de Melo, Luiz Carlos Alves, Fábio André Brayner, Ana Catarina Souza Lopes
PURPOSE: The occurrence of quinolone-resistance genes (qnrA, qnrB and qnrS), the presence of mutations in gyrA, gyrB and parC, as well as the expression of efflux pumps (acrB and acrF) and mutations in the gene ramR. METHODOLOGY: Were investigated in 30 blaKPC-2-positive isolates of Klebsiella pneumoniae taken from infection and colonization in hospital patients from Recife-PE, Brazil. The detection of the qnr, acrB and acrF genes and analysis of the mutations in ramR and the quinolone-resistance-determining regions of gyrA, gyrB and parC were performed by PCR followed by DNA sequencing...
April 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419869/allodemic-distribution-of-plasmids-co-harbouring-blactx-m-15-aac-6-ib-cr-qnrb-in-klebsiella-pneumoniae-is-the-main-source-of-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamases-in-uruguay-s-paediatric-hospital
#11
V Garcia-Fulgueiras, L Araujo, I Bado, N F Cordeiro, M I Mota, G Laguna, G Algorta, R Vignoli
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe the characteristics of clinical isolates of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing enterobacteria (EPE) in Uruguay's paediatric hospital. METHODS: ESBLs, qnr alleles and aac(6')-Ib-cr were sought and characterised in EPE isolated between March 2010 and March 2012. Transfer of resistance determinants was assessed by conjugation. Incompatibility (Inc) groups, plasmid toxin-antitoxin systems (TAS) and plasmid size were determined in transconjugants...
June 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352250/characteristics-of-quinolone-resistance-in-salmonella-spp-isolates-from-the-food-chain-in-brazil
#12
Bruno R Pribul, Marcia L Festivo, Marcelle S Rodrigues, Renata G Costa, Elizabeth C Dos P Rodrigues, Miliane M S de Souza, Dalia Dos P Rodrigues
Salmonella spp. is an important zoonotic pathogen related to foodborne diseases. Despite that quinolones/fluoroquinolones are considered a relevant therapeutic strategy against resistant isolates, the increase in antimicrobial resistance is an additional difficulty in controlling bacterial infections caused by Salmonella spp. Thus, the acquisition of resistance to quinolones in Salmonella spp. is worrisome to the scientific community along with the possibility of transmission of resistance through plasmids...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343745/feasibility-of-sulfate-calcined-eggshells-for-removing-pathogenic-bacteria-and-antibiotic-resistance-genes-from-landfill-leachates
#13
Mao Ye, Mingming Sun, Xu Chen, Yanfang Feng, Jinzhong Wan, Kuan Liu, Da Tian, Manqiang Liu, Jun Wu, Arthur P Schwab, Xin Jiang
High abundance of human pathogen and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in landfill leachate has become an emerging threat against human health. Therefore, sulfate- and calcination-modified eggshells as green agricultural bioresource were applied to test the feasibility of removing pathogenic bacteria and ARGs from leachate. The highest removal of Escherichia coli (E. coil) and gentamycin resistant gene (gmrA) from artificial contaminated landfill leachate was achieved by the application of eggshell with combined treatment of sulfate and calcination...
May 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333351/ecological-impact-of-ciprofloxacin-on-commensal-enterococci-in-healthy-volunteers
#14
Victoire de Lastours, Elena Maugy, Vincent Mathy, Françoise Chau, Benjamin Rossi, François Guérin, Vincent Cattoir, Bruno Fantin
Background: The ecological impact of ciprofloxacin on commensal enterococci is unknown. Methods: Forty-eight healthy volunteers received ciprofloxacin from day (D) 0 to D14; stools were collected on D7, D14 and D42. Fluoroquinolone-susceptible and -resistant enterococci (FQ-SE and FQ-RE) were detected and quantified by culture, and identified by MALDI-TOF MS. The relative abundance of FQ-RE over FQ-SE was determined. The genetic basis of fluoroquinolone resistance was deciphered by partial sequencing of gyrA and parC genes...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303820/characterisation-of-antimicrobial-resistance-in-salmonellae-during-2014-2015-from-four-centres-across-india-an-icmr-antimicrobial-resistance-surveillance-network-report
#15
MULTICENTER STUDY
Sushila Dahiya, Priyanka Sharma, Bhavana Kumari, Sangeeta Pandey, Rooma Malik, Neelam Manral, Balaji Veeraraghavan, Agila Kumari Pragasam, Pallab Ray, Vikas Gautam, Sujata Sistla, Subhash Chandra Parija, Kamini Walia, Vinod Ohri, Bimal Kumar Das, Seema Sood, Arti Kapil
PURPOSE: The main purpose of this study was to establish 'Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Network' in India and to monitor the antimicrobial susceptibility profile of clinical isolates to establish a national network across the country for monitoring antimicrobial resistance in Salmonella. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted at All India Institute of Medical Sciences, nodal centre with clinical isolates of Salmonellae collected from four centres across India, which included Christian Medical College, Vellore; Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh and Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287903/cytotoxic-effect-associated-with-overexpression-of-qnr-proteins-in-escherichia-coli
#16
Jesús Machuca, Paula Diaz de Alba, Esther Recacha, Álvaro Pascual, José Manuel Rodriguez-Martinez
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to evaluate the cytotoxic effect associated with overexpression of multiple Qnr-like plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR) mechanisms in Escherichia coli. METHODS: Coding regions of different PMQR genes (qnrA1, qnrB1, qnrC, qnrD1, qnrS1, and qepA2) and efsqnr were cloned into pET29a(+) vector and overexpressed in E. coli BL21. E. coli BL21 with and without an empty pET29a(+) vector were used as controls. The cytotoxic effect associated with PMQR mechanism overexpression was determined by transmission electron microscopy and viability assays...
March 13, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256471/risk-factors-associated-with-fluoroquinolone-resistant-enterococcal-urinary-tract-infections-in-a-tertiary-care-university-hospital-in-north-india
#17
Tuhina Banerjee, Shampa Anupurba
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Fluoroquinolone resistance in both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria has increased with the widespread use of fluoroquinolones. Fluoroquinolone resistance in Gram-negative bacilli has been widely studied, though staphylococci and enterococci are also notably resistant. Enterococci being the second most common cause of healthcare-associated urinary tract infections (UTIs) fluoroquinolones are often the drug of choice. This study was undertaken to assess the risk factors associated with fluoroquinolone-resistant enterococcal UTI in a tertiary level health facility in north India...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193670/subinhibitory-concentrations-of-ciprofloxacin-enhance-antimicrobial-resistance-and-pathogenicity-of-enterococcus-faecium
#18
Clara Sinel, Margherita Cacaci, Pierrick Meignen, François Guérin, Bryan W Davies, Maurizio Sanguinetti, Jean-Christophe Giard, Vincent Cattoir
Enterococcus faecium has emerged as a major opportunistic pathogen for 2 decades with the spread of hospital-adapted multidrug-resistant clones. As members of the intestinal microbiota, they are subjected to numerous bacterial stresses, including antibiotics at subinhibitory concentrations (SICs). Since fluoroquinolones are extensively prescribed, SICs are very likely to occur in vivo, with potential effects on bacterial metabolism with subsequent modulation of opportunistic traits. The aim of this study was to evaluate globally the impact of SICs of ciprofloxacin on antimicrobial resistance and pathogenicity of E...
May 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193666/qnre1-a-member-of-a-new-family-of-plasmid-located-quinolone-resistance-genes-originated-from-the-chromosome-of-enterobacter-species
#19
Ezequiel Albornoz, Nathalie Tijet, Denise De Belder, Sonia Gomez, Florencia Martino, Alejandra Corso, Roberto G Melano, Alejandro Petroni
qnrE1, found in a clinical Klebsiella pneumoniae isolate, was undetectable by PCR assays used for the six qnr families. qnrE1 was located on a conjugative plasmid (ca. 185 kb) and differed from qnrB alleles by 25%. Phylogenetic reconstructions of qnr genes and proteins and analysis of the qnrE1 surroundings showed that this gene belongs to a new qnr family and was likely mobilized by ISEcp1 from the chromosome of Enterobacter spp. to plasmids of K. pneumoniae.
May 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096153/plasmidic-qnr-genes-confer-clinical-resistance-to-ciprofloxacin-under-urinary-tract-physiological-conditions
#20
Guillermo Martín-Gutiérrez, José Manuel Rodríguez-Martínez, Álvaro Pascual, Jerónimo Rodríguez-Beltrán, Jesús Blázquez
Escherichia coli variants expressing plasmid-mediated qnr genes are usually susceptible to fluoroquinolones by standard susceptibility testing. Here we show that, under specific urinary tract physiological conditions, susceptible laboratory and clinical strains harboring qnr determinants become fully resistant to ciprofloxacin (CIP). Therefore, physiological conditions, mainly urine pH values, should be considered when performing susceptibility testing of CIP activity against E. coli in treating urinary tract infection (UTI) and for selecting appropriate antibiotics for UTI treatment...
April 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
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