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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340045/age-related-patterns-in-cancer-pain-and-its-psychosocial-impact-investigating-the-role-of-variability-in-physical-and-mental-health-quality-of-life
#1
Lynn R Gauthier, Robert H Dworkin, David Warr, Rebecca Pillai Riddell, Alison K Macpherson, Gary Rodin, Camilla Zimmermann, S Lawrence Librach, Malcolm Moore, Frances A Shepherd, Lucia Gagliese
Objective. : Age-related patterns in cancer pain remain equivocal. Most studies ignore heterogeneity across multiple domains of well-being, and the potential role of physical (PH) and mental health (MH) quality of life (QOL) in these age-related patterns is unknown. We investigated the relationships between age and cancer pain intensity, qualities, and interference, and physical and psychosocial adaptation and the interaction between age and PH and MH QOL on pain and adaptation to cancer pain...
March 3, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340043/very-long-term-outcome-following-transcatheter-ablation-of-atrial-fibrillation-are-results-maintained-after-10-years-of-follow-up
#2
Fiorenzo Gaita, Marco Scaglione, Alberto Battaglia, Mario Matta, Cristina Gallo, Michela Galatà, Domenico Caponi, Paolo Di Donna, Matteo Anselmino
Aims: Atrial fibrillation (AF) transcatheter ablation is a safe and effective procedure. However, outcome over 10 years of follow-up has never been reported. The aim of this study is to assess outcome, describe predictors of recurrences, and report on quality of life (QoL) the decade after an AF ablation. Methods and results: Patients referred for AF ablation in a single high volume centre from June 2004 to June 2006 were enrolled and followed in a prospective fashion by yearly clinical assessment and Holter monitoring...
February 28, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339523/factors-affecting-the-quality-of-life-of-chronic-dialysis-patients
#3
Beata Jankowska-Polanska, Izabella Uchmanowicz, Agata Wysocka, Bartosz Uchmanowicz, Katarzyna Lomper, Andrzej M Fal
: Patients on hemodialysis must adjust their life plans to the treatment. They are aware of losing their health and independence. Therefore, acceptance of illness (AI) is important and allows the patient to adjust to new situation and alleviates negative emotions The aim of study was to assess the impact of AI and other socioclinical variables on hemodialysis patients' quality of life (QoL).The study included 100 patients aged 20-85 (M = 57), treated with hemodialysis for at least 2 years. Two validated instruments were used: the Acceptance of Illness Scale (AIS) and the World Health Organization Quality of Life questionnaire...
October 19, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339098/quality-of-life-with-cediranib-in-relapsed-ovarian-cancer-the-icon6-phase-3-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Dan P Stark, Adrian Cook, Julia M Brown, Michael D Brundage, Andrew C Embleton, Richard S Kaplan, Fharat A Raja, Ann Marie W Swart, Galina Velikova, Wendi Qian, Jonathan A Ledermann
BACKGROUND: The ICON6 trial showed that cediranib, an oral inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptors 1, 2, and 3, improved clinical outcomes for patients with platinum-sensitive relapsed ovarian cancer when it was used with chemotherapy and was continued as maintenance therapy. This study describes health-related quality of life (QOL) during the first year of treatment. METHODS: Four hundred fifty-six women were randomly allocated to receive standard chemotherapy only, chemotherapy with concurrent cediranib, or chemotherapy with cediranib administered concurrently and continued as maintenance...
March 24, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338353/the-burden-of-familial-chylomicronemia-syndrome-interim-results-from-the-in-focus-study
#5
Michael Davidson, Michael Stevenson, Andrew Hsieh, Zahid Ahmad, Caroline Crowson, Joseph L Witztum
BACKGROUND: Familial Chylomicronemia Syndrome (FCS) is a rare genetic disorder that is caused by a decrease or an absence of lipoprotein lipase activity. FCS is characterized by marked accumulation of chylomicrons and extreme hypertriglyceridemia, which have major effects on both physical and mental health. To date, there have been no systematic efforts to characterize the impact of chylomicronemia on FCS patients' lives. In particular, the impact of FCS on the burden of illness (BoI) and quality of life (QoL) has not been fully described in the literature...
March 24, 2017: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338226/exploring-and-modelling-impacts-of-third-molar-experience-on-quality-of-life-a-real-time-qualitative-study-using-twitter
#6
Kamal Hanna, Paul Sambrook, Jason M Armfield, David S Brennan
OBJECTIVES: This study had two objectives: (i) to explore and model domains describing the real-time impact of third molars (TMs) on quality of life (QoL); and (ii) to assess the percentage coverage, in some generic health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) instruments, of the TM QoL domains identified in this study. METHODOLOGY: A global cross-sectional sample of tweets containing 'wisdom tooth' over a 1-week period retrieved 3,537 tweets...
March 24, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337570/economics-of-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#7
REVIEW
Luke Rudmik
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The objective of this article is to provide an updated review of the economic burden of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and discuss how both medical and surgical interventions impact direct and indirect costs related to CRS. By understanding the economics of CRS, clinicians may improve the patient-centeredness of their care and help distinguish between low and high value interventions. RECENT FINDINGS: Direct costs related to CRS are primarily driven by outpatient physician visits, prescription medical therapy, and endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS)...
April 2017: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337230/health-related-quality-of-life-assessment-among-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-after-surgery-review
#8
REVIEW
Grażyna Bączyk, Dorota Formanowicz, Łukasz Gmerek, Piotr Krokowicz
Aim of the work was to review systematically the published literature addressing whether quality of life (QoL) and health-related QoL (HRQoL) are influenced by surgery among patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Electronic databases and published articles were searched to identify relevant studies published in the years 1990-2015. Then, a multistep selection was undertaken to identify articles that met specific selection criteria, such us specific key-words (IBD, HRQoL, ulcerative colitis (UC), Crohn's disease (CD), and surgery), and the population was assessed (studies concerning patients < 18 years old were excluded)...
2017: Przegla̜d Gastroenterologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336827/-pathophysiology-of-secondary-hyperparathyroidism
#9
Hiroo Kawarazaki
Secondary hyperparathyroidism(SHPT)is the result of a compensatory response of the calcium phosphate homeostatic mechanism. Vitamin D deficiency and chronic kidney disease, both representative pathophysiological causes of SHPT, have been related not only to skeletal disorders but also cardiovascular diseases, ADL and QOL. This relates the importance of SHPT as a pathological cause or marker of such states.
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336036/physical-function-and-physical-activity-in-obese-adults-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#10
REVIEW
Webb A Smith, Audrey Zucker-Levin, William M Mihalko, Michael Williams, Mark Loftin, James G Gurney
Obese patients are more likely to have osteoarthritis and total knee arthroplasty (TKA). This investigation sought to evaluate physical function, activity level, and quality of life (QOL). Obese participants near 1-year postsurgical follow-up appointment were recruited. Evaluation included QOL and activity questionnaire, medical histories, anthropometrics, strength, and aerobic capacity. Sixty participants completed assessments. Obese TKA patients have physical performance limitations and low physical activity levels 1 year after surgery and completion of postoperative rehabilitation...
April 2017: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335729/study-protocol-for-the-sofia-project-swallowing-function-oral-health-and-food-intake-in-old-age-a-descriptive-study-with-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#11
Patricia Hägglund, Lena Olai, Katri Ståhlnacke, Mona Persenius, Mary Hägg, Maria Andersson, Susanne Koistinen, Eva Carlsson
BACKGROUND: Extensive studies have shown that older people are negatively impacted by impaired eating and nutrition. The abilities to eat, enjoy food, and participate in social activities associated with meals are important aspects of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and recovery after illness. This project aims to (i) describe and analyze relationships between oral health and oral HRQoL, swallowing ability, eating ability, and nutritional risk among older individuals admitted to short-term care; (ii) compare the perceptions that older individuals and staff report on care quality related to oral hygiene and eating; and (iii) study the feasibility and effects of a training program for people with impaired swallowing (i...
March 23, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334979/the-effectiveness-of-optimised-clinical-medication-reviews-for-geriatric-patients-opti-med-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Floor Willeboordse, François G Schellevis, Sek Hung Chau, Jacqueline G Hugtenburg, Petra J M Elders
Background.: Inappropriate drug use is a frequent problem in older patients and associated with adverse clinical outcomes and an important determinant of geriatric problems. Clinical medication reviews (CMR) may reduce inappropriate drug use. Objective.: The aim of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of CMR on quality of life (QoL) and geriatric problems in comparison with usual care in older patients with geriatric problems in the general practice. Methods...
February 23, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334707/intravenous-iron-replacement-improves-quality-of-life-in-hypoferritinemic-inflammatory-bowel-disease-patients-with-and-without-anemia
#13
Elena Eliadou, Gregory Kini, Judy Huang, Amy Champion, Stephen James Inns
BACKGROUND: No study has compared changes in quality of life (QoL) following iron therapy between anemic and non-anemic, hypoferritinemic patients. This study compares the impact of parenteral iron replacement on QoL in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients with anemia, or in those with hypoferritinemia alone. METHODS: Consecutive IBD patients diagnosed with anemia or hypoferritinemia were enrolled. IBD questionnaire (IBDQ) and 36-Item Short Form Survey (SF36) at diagnosis and 6 weeks post treatment were measured...
March 24, 2017: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334442/the-relationship-between-eating-psychopathology-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-bariatric-surgery-candidates-a-retrospective-study
#14
Sanjeev Sockalingam, Hedieh Tehrani, Marlene Taube-Schiff, Jessica Van Exan, Vincent Santiago, Raed Hawa
OBJECTIVE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), eating psychopathology, and major depressive disorder (MDD) are highly prevalent in patients with severe obesity. Our study aimed to identify differences in binge-eating disorder (BED) prevalence in bariatric surgery candidates with and without OSA. METHODS: In this retrospective study, demographic data, psychiatric diagnoses, OSA diagnosis, binge eating, depressive and quality of life (QOL) symptoms were collected from 1,099 bariatric surgery candidates from a Canadian setting...
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334419/cosmetic-outcome-and-quality-of-life-are-inextricably-linked-in-breast-conserving-therapy
#15
José H Volders, Vera L Negenborn, Max H Haloua, Nicole M A Krekel, Katarzyna Jóźwiak, Sybren Meijer, Petrousjka M van den Tol
INTRODUCTION: Cosmetic results and quality of life (QoL) are increasingly important in the treatment of breast cancer. This study was designed to determine the relationship between QoL and both subjectively and objectively measured cosmetic outcomes of breast-conserving therapy (BCT), and its course over time. METHODS: A total of 128 breast cancer patients who underwent BCT as part of a prospective randomized controlled trial were included. QoL was measured using the EORTC QLQ-C30 and QLQ-BR23 at baseline, 3, 6, 12, and 36 months...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332703/predictors-of-meaningful-improvement-in-quality-of-life-after-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-surgery-a-prospective-study
#16
Carla Pauli, Marcelo Liborio Schwarzbold, Alexandre Paim Diaz, Maria Emilia Rodrigues de Oliveira Thais, Charles Kondageski, Marcelo Neves Linhares, Ricardo Guarnieri, Bianca de Lemos Zingano, Juliana Ben, Jean Costa Nunes, Hans Joachim Markowitsch, Peter Wolf, Samuel Wiebe, Katia Lin, Roger Walz
OBJECTIVES: To investigate prospectively the independent predictors of a minimum clinically important change (MCIC) in quality of life (QOL) after anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) for drug-resistant mesial temporal lobe epilepsy related to hippocampal sclerosis (MTLE-HS) in Brazilian patients. METHODS: Multiple binary logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the clinical, demographic, radiologic, and electrophysiologic variables independently associated with MCIC in the Quality of Life in Epilepsy-31 Inventory (QOLIE-31) overall score 1 year after ATL in 77 consecutive patients with unilateral MTLE-HS...
March 23, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331422/evaluation-of-incontinence-after-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-radical-prostatectomy-using-the-international-consultation-on-incontinence-modular-questionnaire-short-form-and-noting-the-number-of-safety-pads-needed-by-japanese-patients
#17
Katsuya Hikita, Masashi Honda, Bunya Kawamoto, Panagiota Tsounapi, Kuniyasu Muraoka, Takehiro Sejima, Atsushi Takenaka
BACKGROUND: The definition of continence after robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RARP) has not been consistently defined, with many studies only noting the amount of safety pads used. We therefore examined what definition of continence would be appropriate, employing both the International Consultation on Incontinence Modular Questionnaire Short Form (ICIQ-SF) and the number of pads used by patients. We also evaluated the relationship between the number of pads used and degree of incontinence...
March 2017: Yonago Acta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330476/factors-associated-with-the-quality-of-life-of-family-caregivers-for-leukemia-patients-in-china
#18
Hongjuan Yu, Limin Li, Chaojie Liu, Weidong Huang, Jin Zhou, Wenqi Fu, Yi Ma, Si Li, Yuying Chang, Guoxiang Liu, Qunhong Wu
BACKGROUND: The leukemia affects not only the quality of life (QOL) of patients with the disease but also that of their family caregivers (FCs). The research studies on QOL of FCs for leukemia patients are limited. This study aimed to evaluate the QOL of FCs for leukemia patients in Heilongjiang province, China. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was undertaken with 309 FCs for leukemia patients recruited from three hospitals in Heilongjiang province...
March 23, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329853/early-origins-of-later-life-psychological-well-being-a-novel-application-of-causal-mediation-analysis-to-life-course-research
#19
Tirth R Bhatta, Jeffrey M Albert, Eva Kahana, Nirmala Lekhak
Objectives: This study employs a novel approach to mediation analysis to clarify the influence of interrelated indicators of life course socioeconomic status (SES) on later life psychological well-being in India. Contrary to traditional approaches (i.e., use of product and difference-in-coefficients), we recognize the role of confounders in the estimation of total, direct, and indirect effects of parental education on respondents' psychological well-being. Method: Drawing from the first wave (2007-2010) of the Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health (SAGE) and adopting a counterfactual approach, we estimate both natural direct and indirect effects of parental education through individual educational attainment (secondarily, through household assets as an additional mediator) on respondents' life-satisfaction and quality of life (QOL)...
March 14, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329752/prevalence-and-possible-risk-factors-for-urinary-incontinence-a-cohort-study-in-the-city-of-izmir
#20
Omer Demir, Volkan Sen, Bora Irer, Ozan Bozkurt, Adil Esen
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence and possible risk factors of urinary incontinence (UI) among women aged 18 or older living in the city of Izmir, located in the Aegean coast of Turkey. METHODS: A questionnaire and the validated International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form (ICIQ-SF) were filled by urologists (O.D., V.S., A.E., O.B., and B.I.) with face-to-face interview. The participants with urge UI (UUI) and stress UI (SUI) were compared in terms of risk factors, quality of life (QoL) scores, severity of incontinence, status of doctor consultation, and total ICIQ-SF scores...
March 22, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
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