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Cerebral palsy adolescent

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602046/exercise-interventions-for-cerebral-palsy
#1
REVIEW
Jennifer M Ryan, Elizabeth E Cassidy, Stephen G Noorduyn, Neil E O'Connell
BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy (CP) is a neurodevelopmental disorder resulting from an injury to the developing brain. It is the most common form of childhood disability with prevalence rates of between 1.5 and 3.8 per 1000 births reported worldwide. The primary impairments associated with CP include reduced muscle strength and reduced cardiorespiratory fitness, resulting in difficulties performing activities such as dressing, walking and negotiating stairs.Exercise is defined as a planned, structured and repetitive activity that aims to improve fitness, and it is a commonly used intervention for people with CP...
June 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600111/do-active-video-games-benefit-the-motor-skill-development-of-non-typically-developing-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Zoey E Page, Stephanie Barrington, Jacqueline Edwards, Lisa M Barnett
OBJECTIVES: The use of interactive video gaming, known as 'exergames' or 'active video games (AVG)' may provide an opportunity for motor skill development. Youth with non-typical patterns of development may have deficits in gross motor skill capacities and are therefore an intervention target. The aim was to determine the effectiveness of AVG use on motor skill development in non-typically developing children and adolescents. DESIGN: Review article. METHODS: The PRISMA protocol was used to conduct a systematic review of EBSCOhost, Embase, Gale Cengage, Informit, Ovid, ProQuest, PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science databases...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596080/physical-strain-a-new-perspective-on-walking-in-cerebral-palsy
#3
Astrid Cj Balemans, Eline Bolster, Merel-Anne Brehm, Annet J Dallmeijer
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP) were to 1) describe physical strain of walking, 2) describe the proportion of participants walking above the anaerobic threshold and 3) describe 4 phenotypes of physical strain of walking based on deviations in aerobic capacity and walking energy cost (EC). DESIGN: Cohort SETTING: Academic medical center PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-seven participants (13y5mo(4y0mo)) with CP (Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) levels I[n=13], II[N=17] and III[N=7]) and 20 typically developing participants (TD) (11y8mo(3y5mo))...
June 5, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591387/treatment-of-drooling-with-sublingual-atropine-sulfate-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy
#4
Bruno L Scofano Dias, Alexandre R Fernandes, Heber de S Maia
Objective: To report the effect of sublingual atropine sulfate to treat drooling in children with cerebral palsy by comparing the results of the Drooling Impact Scale in a non-controlled open clinical trial. Results: Twenty-five children were assessed. The difference in the mean scores of the pre- and post-treatment scales reached statistical significance. There was a low frequency of side effects compared to studies with other anticholinergics. Conclusion: The use of sublingual atropine sulfate seems to be safe and there is a reduction in the Drooling Impact Scale score, which suggests efficacy in the treatment of drooling in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy...
May 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569523/mastery-motivation-and-executive-functions-as-predictors-of-adaptive-behavior-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cerebral-palsy-or-myelomeningocele
#5
Seth Warschausky, Jacqueline N Kaufman, Michael Evitts, William Schutt, Edward A Hurvitz
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: To examine mastery motivation and executive functions or behaviors as predictors of adaptive behavior in adolescents and young adults with congenital neurodevelopmental conditions. METHOD: Participants were 2 groups of adolescents and young adults, ages 13-29, including 43 with cerebral palsy and 36 with myelomeningocele living with a parent or caregiver. Participants completed measures of mastery motivation, executive functions or behaviors, and a measure of adaptive behavior...
June 1, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555755/reliability-of-the-assisting-hand-assessment-in-adolescents
#6
Annoek Louwers, Lena Krumlinde-Sundholm, Karin Boeschoten, Anita Beelen
AIM: To investigate the interrater and test-retest reliability of the Assisting Hand Assessment in adolescents (Ad-AHA) with cerebral palsy (CP) and to evaluate the alternate-form reliability of different test activities. METHOD: Participants were 112 adolescents with unilateral CP (60 males, 52 females; mean age 14y 5mo [standard deviation {SD} 2y 8mo], Manual Ability Classification System levels I-III). Reliability was evaluated using intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC), smallest detectable change (SDC), and Bland-Altman plots...
May 29, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553449/post-operative-hypertension-following-correction-of-flexion-deformity-of-the-knees-in-a-spastic-diplegic-child-a-case-report
#7
Mohan Vipin, D M Sujendra, V K Imthiaz, Hitesh-Shah
An adolescent boy with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy presented with crouch gait. He had bilateral severe flexion deformities of knees and hips. He was treated with single event multilevel surgery for the correction of deformities. Surgical procedures included bilateral adductor release, iliopsoas lengthening, bilateral femoral shortening and patella plication. Persistent hypertension was noted in the post-operative period. All causes of secondary hypertension were ruled out. Having persistent hypertension following the femoral shortening procedure is unusual...
November 2016: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511835/adcy5-related-movement-disorders-frequency-disease-course-and-phenotypic-variability-in-a-cohort-of-paediatric-patients
#8
Miryam Carecchio, Niccolò E Mencacci, Alessandro Iodice, Roser Pons, Celeste Panteghini, Giovanna Zorzi, Federica Zibordi, Anastasios Bonakis, Argyris Dinopoulos, Joseph Jankovic, Leonidas Stefanis, Kailash P Bhatia, Valentina Monti, Lea R'Bibo, Liana Veneziano, Barbara Garavaglia, Carlo Fusco, Nicholas Wood, Maria Stamelou, Nardo Nardocci
INTRODUCTION: ADCY5 mutations have been recently identified as an important cause of early-onset hyperkinetic movement disorders. The phenotypic spectrum associated with mutations in this gene is expanding. However, the ADCY5 mutational frequency in cohorts of paediatric patients with hyperkinetic movement disorders has not been evaluated. METHODS: We performed a screening of the entire ADCY5 coding sequence in 44 unrelated subjects with genetically undiagnosed childhood-onset hyperkinetic movement disorders, featuring chorea alone or in combination with myoclonus and dystonia...
May 10, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509631/improving-balance-mobility-and-dual-task-performance-in-an-adolescent-with-cerebral-palsy-a-case-report
#9
Sarah Fisher-Pipher, Lisa K Kenyon, Marci Westman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Improving functional mobility is often a desired outcome for adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP). Traditional neurorehabilitation approaches are frequently directed at impairments; however, improvements may not be carried over into functional mobility. The purpose of this case report was to describe the examination, intervention, and outcomes of a task-oriented physical therapy intervention program to improve dynamic balance, functional mobility, and dual-task performance in an adolescent with CP...
July 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509356/assessments-of-pain-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy-a-retrospective-population-based-registry-study
#10
Lena Westbom, Amanda Rimstedt, Eva Nordmark
AIM: To explore pain screening in CPUP, a follow-up surveillance programme for people with cerebral palsy (CP), specifically to describe reported pain prevalence, localizations, patterns of distribution; to compare with studies using psychometrically sound assessment instruments; and to assess agreement between pain documented in CPUP and medical records. METHOD: Registry study of a population with CP, born 1993 to 2008, living in Skåne, Sweden in 2013. Descriptive data, cross-tabulations, and chi-square tests to characterize and compare the study groups...
May 16, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494598/dental-trauma-in-italian-children-and-adolescents-with-special-health-care-needs-a-cross-sectional-retrospective-study
#11
S Bagattoni, A Sadotti, G D'Alessandro, G Piana
AIM: Dental trauma is a frequent finding in people with special health care needs. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of dental trauma in a sample of Italian children and adolescents with special health care needs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 556 medical and dental records of children and adolescents visited from January 2010 to March 2015 were examined. Information about medical diagnosis, gender, site and type of dental trauma (DT) were collected...
March 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474006/curve-flexibility-in-cerebral-palsy-related-neuromuscular-scoliosis-does-the-intraoperative-prone-radiograph-reveal-more-flexibility-than-preoperative-radiographs
#12
Zubair Chaudry, John T Anderson
BACKGROUND: Spinal flexibility is determined preoperatively by manipulating the spine and assessing, radiographically, to what extent the amount of deformity reduces. Quantifying spinal flexibility is important when determining the approach to the planned operation in order to achieve the most optimal spinal correction and balance. Currently, supine traction radiography is a popular method used in patients with severe, cerebral palsy-related neuromuscular scoliosis. The different methods for determining spinal flexibility have been studied extensively in the adolescent idiopathic scoliosis population...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439303/proximal-femoral-osteotomy-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-the-perspective-of-the-trainee
#13
L Zhou, M Camp, A Gahukamble, K L Willoughby, M Harambasic, C Molesworth, A Khot, H K Graham
BACKGROUND: There are a range of implants for fixation of proximal femoral osteotomies (PFOs) in children. We investigated the training experiences and preferences of orthopaedic residents and fellows who were learning PFO, using a fixed angled blade plate (ABP) or a locking, cannulated blade plate (LCBP). We also studied short-term technical and radiographic outcomes. METHODS: This was a prospective, parallel-group, cohort study of 90 consecutive children and adolescents with cerebral palsy who underwent bilateral PFOs with ABP or LCBP...
2017: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420893/scoliosis-in-patients-with-severe-cerebral-palsy-three-different-courses-in-adolescents
#14
Yoshiaki Oda, Tomoyuki Takigawa, Yoshihisa Sugimoto, Masato Tanaka, Hirofumi Akazawa, Toshifumi Ozaki
Patients with cerebral palsy (CP) frequently present with scoliosis; however, the pattern of curve progression is difficult to predict. We aimed to clarify the natural course of the progression of scoliosis and to identify scoliosis predictors. This was a retrospective, single-center, observational study. Total of 92 CP patients from Asahikawasou Ryouiku Iryou Center in Okayama, Japan were retrospectively analyzed. Cobb angle, presence of hip dislocation and pelvic obliquity, and Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) were investigated...
April 2017: Acta Medica Okayama
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381485/developmental-profile-of-motor-cortex-transcallosal-inhibition-in-children-and-adolescents
#15
Patrick Ciechanski, Ephrem Zewdie, Adam Kirton
Transcallosal fibers facilitate interhemispheric networks involved in motor tasks. Despite their clinical relevance, interhemispheric motor control systems have not been completely defined in the developing brain. The objective of this study was to examine the developmental profile of transcallosal inhibition in healthy children and adolescents. Nineteen typically-developing right-handed participants were recruited. Two transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) paradigms assessed transcallosal inhibition: ipsilateral silent periods (iSP) and paired-pulse interhemispheric inhibition (IHI)...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289457/health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy
#16
Anja Radsel, Damjan Osredkar, David Neubauer
INTRODUCTION: In a cross-sectional cohort study, health-related quality of life of Slovenian children and adolescents with cerebral palsy was examined, and factors associated with it have been identified. METHODS: Caregivers of 122 children and adolescents with cerebral palsy were addressed to fill out proxy versions of HRQoL questionnaires (DISABKIDS generic and cerebral palsy module). Children and adolescents without cognitive deficit were asked to fill out the self-report versions...
March 1, 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277416/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-hardware-related-complications-after-proximal-femoral-osteotomy-in-children-and-adolescents
#17
Myung Ki Chung, Soon-Sun Kwon, Byung Chae Cho, Gye Wang Lee, Jaeyoung Kim, Seung Jun Moon, Jae Woo Lee, Chin Youb Chung, Ki Hyuk Sung, Kyoung Min Lee, Moon Seok Park
Proximal femoral osteotomy has been used in cerebral palsy, Perthes disease, hip dysplasia, idiopathic femoral anteversion, and various hip diseases in children and adolescents. Conventionally, a blade plate (BP) has been used. However, the pediatric locking compression plate (LCP) has recently been applied widely. We compared the hardware-related complications of the BP and the LCP as well as the factors influencing these complications in patients who have undergone a proximal femoral osteotomy in children and adolescents...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275812/urinary-stone-disease-in-pediatric-and-adult-metabolic-bone-clinic-patients
#18
Andrew L Schwaderer, Abimbola Oduguwa, Kirsten Kusumi
Kidney stones are increasing in the pediatric and adult populations; similarly osteoporosis is increasingly recognized in children. While kidney stone formers are known to suffer from low bone density, metabolic bone patients have not been considered a high risk population for kidney stones. Retrospective chart review of Nationwide Children's Hospital Metabolic Bone Clinic patients from October 2009-2013. Patients were identified by ICD 9 codes for osteoporosis, osteopenia, low bone density and kidney stones...
March 8, 2017: Urolithiasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254638/deliberately-light-interpersonal-contact-affects-the-control-of-head-stability-during-walking-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy
#19
Katrin Hanna Schulleri, Frauke Burfeind, Beate Höß-Zenker, Éva Feketené Szabó, Nadine Herzig, Annick Ledebt, Leif Johannsen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the potential of deliberately light interpersonal touch (IPT) for reducing excessive head and trunk sway during self-paced walking in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP). DESIGN: Quasi-experimental, proof-of-concept study with between-groups comparison. SETTING: Ambulant care facility, community center. PARTICIPANTS: Children and adolescents (N=65), consisting of those with CP (spastic and ataxic, n=26; Gross Motor Function Classification System I-III; mean age, 9...
February 27, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237421/theory-of-mind-emotional-and-social-functioning-and-motor-severity-in-children-and-adolescents-with-dystonic-cerebral-palsy
#20
Dolapo Adegboye, Annette Sterr, Jean-Pierre Lin, Tamsin J Owen
AIMS: This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate whether children and adolescents with dystonic cerebral palsy (CP) present with emotional and social difficulties along side motor limitations. PARTICIPANTS/MEASURES: Twenty-two verbal and nonverbal children and adolescents with dystonic CP were compared with a normative sample of twenty children and adolescents on measures of theory of mind (ToM), emotion regulation (ER), and social difficulties (SD). RESULTS: Higher social and emotional difficulties were found in the dystonic CP group compared to the control group...
May 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
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