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Cerebral palsy adolescent

O Laporta-Hoyos, J Ballester-Plané, P Póo, A Macaya, M Meléndez-Plumed, E Vázquez, I Delgado, L Zubiaurre-Elorza, V L Botellero, A Narberhaus, E Toro-Tamargo, D Segarra, R Pueyo
PURPOSE: Quality of life (QOL) is a key outcome for people with cerebral palsy (CP), and executive functioning is an important predictor of QOL in other health-related conditions. Little is known about this association in CP or about its neural substrate. We aim to analyze the influence of executive functioning (including cognitive flexibility) as well as that of other psychological, motor, communication and socioeconomic variables on QOL and to identify neuroanatomical areas related to QOL in adolescents and adults with CP...
October 20, 2016: Quality of Life Research
Nancy Bagatell, Dara Chan, Kimberly Karrat Rauch, Deborah Thorpe
BACKGROUND: The transition to adulthood, the gradual change in roles and responsibilities, is identified as a challenging time for adolescents and young adults with physical disabilities, including those with cerebral palsy. Health care, education, employment, independent living, and community engagement have been identified as areas of concern. However, relatively little research has been done to understand the experiences, perceptions, and needs of individuals with cerebral palsy as they transition toward adulthood...
October 3, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
Ki Jin Jung, Soon-Sun Kwon, Chin Youb Chung, Kyoung Min Lee, Ki Hyuk Sung, Byung Chae Cho, Myoung Ki Chung, Seung Jun Moon, Jaeyoung Kim, Moon Seok Park
The present study aimed to evaluate bone mineral density (BMD) in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP) and to critically analyze the effects of a variety of factors, particularly the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) level, the Caregiver Priorities and Child Health Index of Life with Disabilities questionnaire, and the Pediatric Outcomes Data Collection Instrument (PODCI), on BMD. Fifty patients with CP who underwent dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry were included. Collected data included the extent of involvement, muscle tone, demographic data, factors determined through chart review, and laboratory results...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
Jennifer M Ryan, Nicola Theis, Cherry Kilbride, Vasilios Baltzopoulos, Charlie Waugh, Adam Shortland, Grace Lavelle, Marika Noorkoiv, Wendy Levin, Thomas Korff
INTRODUCTION: Gait is inefficient in children with cerebral palsy, particularly as they transition to adolescence. Gait inefficiency may be associated with declines in gross motor function and participation among adolescents with cerebral palsy. Resistance training may improve gait efficiency through a number of biomechanical and neural mechanisms. The aim of the Strength Training for Adolescents with cerebral palsy (STAR) trial is to evaluate the effect of resistance training on gait efficiency, activity and participation in adolescents with cerebral palsy...
October 4, 2016: BMJ Open
C Morin, C Ursu, C Delecourt
INTRODUCTION: The everyday life of a non-ambulatory adolescent or young adult with cerebral palsy can be severely impaired by a painful or stiff hip. The usual surgical solutions such as proximal femoral resection (PFR) are not entirely satisfactory for pain relief, and are mutilating. HYPOTHESIS: A retrospective study assessed the impact of total hip replacement (THR) on such impairment, on the hypothesis that it is more effective than PFR in relieving pain, without aggravating disability...
September 30, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
J Fluss, M Dinomais, M Kossotoroff, C Vuillerot, S Darteyre, S Chabrier
Over the last decade considerable advances have been made in the identification, understanding and management of pediatric arterial ischemic stroke. Such increasing knowledge has also brought new perspectives and interrogations in the current acute and rehabilitative care of these patients. Areas covered: In developed countries, focal cerebral arteriopathy is one of the most common causes of arterial ischemic stroke in childhood and imaging features are well characterized. However, there are ongoing debates regarding its underlying mechanisms, natural evolution and proper management...
October 12, 2016: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
Bruno Dohin, Elie Haddad, Hassan Al Khoury Salem, Mohamed Merhez Kilani
OBJECTIVE: Hip internal rotation (HIR) during gait is one of the main functional disorders related to cerebral palsy (CP) in children. Most of the procedures proposed rotational osteotomy of the femur (FRO), (and/or tibia). However, multilevel surgery (SEMLS) including bone procedure, implicates more difficult and longer rehabilitation. When bone deformity is moderate, the authors hypothesized that FRO could be avoided. They developed a soft tissues procedure to improve HIR. The aim of the study was assessment of the procedure...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Carole Vuillerot, Mickael Dinomais, Stephane Marret, Stephane Chabrier, Thierry Debillon
Neonatal arterial ischemic stroke (NAIS) affects one child in 6-17 100,000-birth term neonates, most of these children will keep long-term motor and cognitive impairment. In 2014, initiated by the French Center for Pediatric Stroke in association with the French Society of Neonatology, a steering committee was created to propose clinical guidelines after NAIS. From all the relevant questions, the importance is given to long-term outcomes after a NAIS with a need for a better description of motor and cognitive outcomes after a NAIS in order to propose a more consensual monitoring for these children to improve their management...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Adina M Piovesana, Stephanie Ross, Owen Lloyd, Koa Whittingham, Jenny Ziviani, Robert S Ware, Roslyn N Boyd
: Purpose state: Determine the efficacy of Move-it-to-improve-it (Mitii™), a multi-modal web-based program, in improving Executive Function (EF) in children with unilateral cerebral palsy (UCP). METHOD: Participants (n = 102) were matched in pairs then randomized to: intervention (Mitii™ for 20 weeks; n = 51; 26 males; mean age = 11 years 8 months (SD = 2 years 4 months); Full Scale IQ = 84.65 (SD = 15.19); 28 left UCP; GMFCS-E&R (I = 20, II = 31) or waitlist control (n = 50; 25 males; mean age = 11 years 10 months (SD = 2 years 5 months); Full Scale IQ = 80...
September 24, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Satoshi Toyokawa, Eri Maeda, Yasuki Kobayashi
AIM: Japan lacks a population-based registration system for cerebral palsy (CP), therefore the nationwide prevalence of CP is unknown. Our aim was to estimate the number of children with CP using the National Database of Health Insurance Claims and Specific Health Checkups of Japan, which has been recently developed by the government. METHOD: Study participants were children and adolescents aged below 20 years, who had been assigned CP diagnosis codes more than once in claims issued between June 2012 and May 2013 from all health insurance schemes in Japan, except for Social Welfare and Elderly Health Insurance...
September 20, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Stefan Schmid, Jacqueline Romkes, William R Taylor, Silvio Lorenzetti, Reinald Brunner
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Foot equinus and leg length discrepancy (LLD) are common problems in hemiplegic cerebral palsy (hCP), both causing secondary deviations of pelvic motion during gait. It can therefore be assumed that the spinal deviations observed in hCP patients are secondary as a compensation for the position of the pelvis arising from the disturbed leg function. This study investigated the effects of correcting lower extremity function by orthotics on spinal gait kinematics in hCP patients...
September 2016: Gait & Posture
T W Pin, W Ls Chan, C L Chan, K H Foo, K Hw Fung, L K Li, T Cl Tsang
INTRODUCTION: Children with developmental disabilities usually move from the paediatric to adult health service after the age of 18 years. This clinical transition is fragmented in Hong Kong. There are no local data for adolescents with developmental disabilities and their families about the issues they face during the clinical transition. This pilot study aimed to explore and collect information from adolescents with developmental disabilities and their caregivers about their transition from paediatric to adult health care services in Hong Kong...
October 2016: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
Valeska Gatica-Rojas, Ricardo Cartes-Velásquez, Guillermo Méndez-Rebolledo, Eduardo Guzman-Muñoz, L Eduardo Cofré Lizama
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to evaluate the effects of a Nintendo Wii Balance Board (NWBB) intervention on ankle spasticity and static standing balance in young people with spastic cerebral palsy (SCP). METHODS: Ten children and adolescents (aged 72-204 months) with SCP participated in an exercise program with NWBB. The intervention lasted 6 weeks, 3 sessions per week, 25 minutes for each session. Ankle spasticity was assessed using the Modified Modified Ashworth Scale (MMAS), and static standing balance was quantified using posturographic measures (center-of-pressure [CoP] measures)...
August 18, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Ronit Aviram, Netta Harries, Ibtisam Namourah, Akram Amro, Simona Bar-Haim
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether goal-directed group circuit progressive resistance exercise training (GT) can improve motor function in adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP) and to compare outcomes with a treadmill training (TT) intervention. METHODS: In a multi-centered matched pairs study, 95 adolescents with spastic CP (GMFCS II-III) were allocated to GT or TT interventions for 30 bi-weekly one hour training. Outcome measures of GMFM-66, GMFM-D%, GMFM-E%, TUG, 10 meter walk test (10 MWT), and 6 minute walk test (6 MWT) were made at baseline (T1), after interventions (T2) and 6 months post training (T3)...
August 18, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Rena Gale, Julia Namestnic, Pierre Singer, Ilya Kagan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Israeli law mandates chronic ventilator support for children and adolescents who are severely brain impaired and show minimal responses. Feeding protocols in these cases have been based on the caloric requirements of healthy children, deducting calories for lack of activity as well as an individual adjustment according to the cerebral palsy growth curves. However, patients are still inclined to gain excessive weight. Our objective was to determine the caloric requirements of these patients...
August 15, 2016: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Christine Imms, Brooke Adair
AIM: To describe participation trajectories, and impact of school transitions on those trajectories, of children with cerebral palsy (CP). METHOD: This population-based longitudinal study assessed participation in activities outside school of children with CP born in 1994/1995. Eligible children contributed data between two and five occasions over 9 years, and had parents with sufficient English proficiency to complete the measures: the Children's Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment, and the Preferences for Activities of Children...
August 13, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Ashlee Bolger, Jilda Vargus-Adams, Mary McMahon
BACKGROUND: Transition of care from pediatric to adult healthcare providers for youth with special needs (including cerebral palsy) is of current interest as these individuals are now living well into adulthood. Studies have attempted to identify barriers to transition, ideal timing for transition of care, and key elements for successful transition programs. These studies often encompass a wide range of diagnoses, and results cannot be fully applied to those with cerebral palsy (CP). OBJECTIVE: To identify and describe current transition of care (TOC) practices and beliefs among physician providers of adolescents with CP in multidisciplinary CP clinics...
August 9, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Saskia E Kok, Jan J W van der Burg, Karen van Hulst, Corrie E Erasmus, Frank J A van den Hoogen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of a reduction in drooling after bilateral submandibular duct relocation (SMDR) with sublingual gland excision on daily life and care, as well as social and emotional consequences in children and adolescents with neurodevelopmental disabilities. METHODS: This prospective cohort study included 72 children and adolescents (46 males, 26 females) with moderate to severe drooling, and their caregivers. Mean age at the time of surgery was 15 years 2 months (SD 4y 3mo)...
September 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Benjamin L Gordon, Aviva L Wolff, Aaron Daluiski
BACKGROUND: Children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy (hCP) exhibit a typical posture of elbow flexion during gait. However, the change in elbow kinematics and symmetry during gait across age span in both hCP and typically developing (TD) children is not well described. The aim of this study was to quantify the change in elbow kinematics and symmetry across age span in hCP children compared with TD children. METHODS: Upper extremity kinematic data were extracted and analyzed from a database for gait studies performed between 2009 and 2015...
July 29, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Andrew Frank
Work is important for one's self-esteem, social standing and ability to participate in the community as well as for the material advantages it brings to individuals and their families. The evidence suggests that the benefits of employment outweigh the risks of work and are greater than the risks of long-term unemployment or sickness absence. Individuals may be born with physical or intellectual disadvantages (e.g., cerebral palsy), or they may be acquired during childhood or adult life. Some progressive conditions may present in childhood or adolescence (e...
July 16, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
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