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Cerebral palsy adolescent

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683017/retrospective-evaluation-of-changes-in-gait-patterns-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy-after-multilevel-surgery
#1
Ramona Steppacher, David North, Christoph Künzle, Harald Lengnick, Harry Klima, Annegret Mündermann, Regina Wegener
The purpose of this study was to retrospectively investigate changes in gait patterns after single-event multilevel surgery in children and adolescents with bilateral cerebral palsy. Three-dimensional instrumented pre- and postoperative gait data of 12 patients were compared to data of 12 healthy control subjects using principal component analysis to reduce the dimensionality of kinematic and kinetic gait data and detect gait differences. The differences between pre- and postoperative data and between postoperative data and data of control subjects were calculated using a linear mixed model...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656386/the-eating-and-drinking-ability-classification-system-concurrent-validity-and-reliability-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#2
Lea Tschirren, Susanne Bauer, Chiara Hanser, Petra Marsico, Diane Sellers, Hubertus J A van Hedel
AIM: As there is little evidence for concurrent validity of the Eating and Drinking Ability Classification System (EDACS), this study aimed to determine its concurrent validity and reliability in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP). METHOD: After an extensive translation procedure, we applied the German language version to 52 participants with CP (30 males, 22 females, mean age 9y 7mo [SD 4y 2mo]). We correlated (Kendall's tau or Kτ ) the EDACS levels with the Bogenhausener Dysphagiescore (BODS), and the EDACS level of assistance with the Manual Ability Classification System (MACS) and the item 'eating' of the Functional Independence Measure for Children (WeeFIM)...
April 15, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642556/reliability-and-validity-of-the-european-child-environment-questionnaire-eceq-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy-persian-version
#3
Mahyar Salavati, Roshanak Vameghi, Seyed Ali Hosseini, Ahmad Saeedi, Masoud Gharib
The aim of this study was to assess the reliability and validity of the Persian version of the European Child Environment Questionnaire (ECEQ) in the Iranian context. In total, 332 parents (20.2% fathers and 79.8% mothers) of children and adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP) with an average age of 12.33 years (min 7.08 to max 18.08) from three provinces in Iran participated in the study. The original version of the questionnaire was translated and back-translated. Confirmatory construct validity was assessed by factor analysis and reliability was evaluated by Cronbach's alpha ( N = 332) and after two weeks' test-retest reliability ( n = 51) using an intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC)...
April 9, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629589/flexed-knee-gait-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#4
C Church, J Ge, S Hager, T Haumont, N Lennon, T Niiler, R Hulbert, F Miller
Aims The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term outcome of adolescents with cerebral palsy who have undergone single-event multilevel surgery for a flexed-knee gait, followed into young adulthood using 3D motion analysis. Patients and Methods A total of 59 young adults with spastic cerebral palsy, with a mean age of 26 years (sd 3), were enrolled into the study in which their gait was compared with an evaluation that had taken place a mean of 12 years (sd 2) previously. At their visits during adolescence, the children walked with excessive flexion of the knee at initial contact and surgical or therapeutic interventions were not controlled between visits...
April 1, 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594463/traumatic-brain-injury-in-indian-children
#5
REVIEW
Krishna Chaitanya, Archana Addanki, Rajendra Karambelkar, Rakesh Ranjan
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children and adolescents is a community-based medical and educational challenge world-over due to increasing urbanization and motorization. In India, children between 1 to 15 years constitute significant proportion of the total population, who are vulnerable for TBI. In developed countries, pediatric trauma mortality still represents more than half of all childhood fatalities, which is 18 times more common than brain tumors. In this study, we attempted to analyze epidemiological factors, management, and outcome of TBI in children at a tertiary care center in Pune, Maharashtra...
March 29, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579008/functional-mobility-improved-after-intensive-progressive-resistance-exercise-in-an-adolescent-with-spina-bifida
#6
Carol L Baym, James B Hedgecock, Mary Jane K Rapport
PURPOSE: To describe the use and effectiveness of a novel intensive progressive resistance exercise (PRE) approach to address the functional goals of a 14-year-old adolescent with a myelomeningocele. SUMMARY OF KEY POINTS: The child had lower extremity weakness, knee and hip flexion contractures, impaired somatosensation, and cardiopulmonary deconditioning, affecting gait mechanics and functional ambulation. An 8-week intensive PRE-based intervention was designed to improve walking in the home by targeting both power-generating and stabilizing lower extremity musculature...
April 2018: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579002/descriptive-report-of-the-impact-of-fatigue-and-current-management-strategies-in-cerebral-palsy
#7
Laura K Brunton
PURPOSE: To describe the effect of fatigue and self-management practices for adolescents and young adults with cerebral palsy. METHODS: A survey of 124 people with cerebral palsy with the Fatigue Impact and Severity Self-Assessment. RESULTS: Participants in Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) level I experienced little effect of fatigue, with high proportions of this group disagreeing to statements about fatigue impacting their general activities, mobility, and social activities...
April 2018: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572878/muscle-contractures-in-patients-with-cerebral-palsy-and-acquired-brain-injury-are-associated-with-extracellular-matrix-expansion-pro-inflammatory-gene-expression-and-reduced-rrna-synthesis
#8
Ferdinand von Walden, Stefan Gantelius, Chang Liu, Hanna Borgström, Lars Björk, Ola Gremark, Per Stål, Gustavo A Nader, Eva Pontén
INTRODUCTION: Children with cerebral palsy (CP) and acquired brain injury (ABI) commonly develop muscle contractures with advancing age. An underlying growth defect contributing to skeletal muscle contracture formation in CP/ABI has been suggested. METHODS: The biceps muscles of children and adolescents with CP/ABI (n=20) and typically developing controls (n=10) were investigated. We used immunohistochemistry, qRT-PCR and western blotting to assess gene expression relevant to growth and size homeostasis...
March 23, 2018: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569017/a-review-of-preference-based-measures-for-the-assessment-of-quality-of-life-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy
#9
REVIEW
Christine Mpundu-Kaambwa, Gang Chen, Elisabeth Huynh, Remo Russo, Julie Ratcliffe
PURPOSE: To examine the psychometric properties and suitability for use within the context of cerebral palsy research in children and adolescents of generic preference-based outcome measures (PROMs). METHODS: Nine electronic databases were searched in this systematic review. The consensus-based standards for the selection of health measurement instruments (COSMIN) checklist were used to measure the psychometric properties of the PROMs. A meta-analysis was used to pool correlation coefficients for convergent validity using the Schmidt-Hunter method...
March 22, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565694/application-of-commercial-games-for-home-based-rehabilitation-for-people-with-hemiparesis-challenges-and-lessons-learned
#10
Bulmaro A Valdés, Stephanie M N Glegg, Navid Lambert-Shirzad, Andrea N Schneider, Jonathan Marr, Renee Bernard, Keith Lohse, Alison M Hoens, H F Machiel Van der Loos
OBJECTIVE: To identify the factors that influence the use of an at-home virtual rehabilitation gaming system from the perspective of therapists, engineers, and adults and adolescents with hemiparesis secondary to stroke, brain injury, and cerebral palsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study reports on qualitative findings from a study, involving seven adults (two female; mean age: 65 ± 8 years) and three adolescents (one female; mean age: 15 ± 2 years) with hemiparesis, evaluating the feasibility and clinical effectiveness of a home-based custom-designed virtual rehabilitation system over 2 months...
March 22, 2018: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564711/documenting-an-epidemic-of-suffering-low-health-related-quality-of-life-among-transgender-youth
#11
Yuanshu Zou, Rhonda Szczesniak, Alexis Teeters, Lee Ann E Conard, Daniel H Grossoehme
PURPOSE: To quantify HRQOL of TGN patients using the PedsQL 4.0 generic core scales, and to compare reported HRQOL of TGN adolescents with published data from comparison populations. METHODS: Transgender children and adolescents (N = 142; 68% natal females) ages 6-23 years (M = 15.9, SD = 3.7) attending an outpatient clinic for TGN care at an academic pediatric hospital and caregivers of children and adolescents (N = 95) completed the PedsQL 4.0 generic core scales...
March 21, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558834/-everyone-sees-you-sitting-there-struggling-with-your-food-experiences-of-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cerebral-palsy
#12
Lianne Remijn, Lenie van den Engel-Hoek, Ton Satink, Bert J M de Swart, Maria W G Nijhuis-van der Sanden
OBJECTIVE: The impact of difficulties with eating and drinking in adolescents and young adults with cerebral palsy is unknown. The purpose of this study is to find out which difficulties adolescents and young adults with cerebral palsy experience with eating and drinking in daily life and how they deal with these difficulties. The study also explores how they think about themselves with respect to eating and what does or does not help regarding social participation. METHOD: We collected the data from ten participants with spastic cerebral palsy (aged 15-23 years) living in the Netherlands...
March 21, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517110/symptomatic-hallux-valgus-and-dorsal-bunion-in-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy-clinical-and-biomechanical-factors
#13
Samuel K van de Velde, Megan Cashin, Ratna Johari, Rachel Blackshaw, Abhay Khot, H Kerr Graham
AIM: The prevalence of severely symptomatic deformities of the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint in adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP) requiring arthrodesis is unknown. Recent literature regarding these deformities is limited. We studied the presentation of severe, symptomatic deformities of the first ray in a large population of children and adolescents with CP and their association with gross motor function, CP subtype, and other musculoskeletal deformities. METHOD: We identified 41 patients with CP and a symptomatic deformity of the first MTP joint, managed by arthrodesis, from a large population based database over a 21-year period...
March 8, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512149/diagnostic-performance-of-body-mass-index-to-identify-excess-body-fat-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#14
Ibrahim Duran, Josefa Schulze, KyriakoS Martakis, Christina Stark, Eckhard Schoenau
AIM: To assess the diagnostic performance of body mass index (BMI) cut-off values according to recommendations of the World Health Organization (WHO), the World Obesity Federation (WOF), and the German Society for Adiposity (DAG) to identify excess body fat in children with cerebral palsy (CP). METHOD: The present study was a monocentric retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data among children and adolescents with CP participating in a rehabilitation programme...
March 7, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504223/consensus-guidelines-on-the-use-of-bisphosphonate-therapy-in-children-and-adolescents
#15
Peter J Simm, Andrew Biggin, Margaret R Zacharin, Christine P Rodda, Elaine Tham, Aris Siafarikas, Craig Jefferies, Paul L Hofman, Diane E Jensen, Helen Woodhead, Justin Brown, Benjamin J Wheeler, Denise Brookes, Antony Lafferty, Craig F Munns
Bisphosphonate therapy is the mainstay of pharmacological intervention in young people with skeletal fragility. The evidence of its use in a variety of conditions remains limited despite over three decades of clinical experience. On behalf of the Australasian Paediatric Endocrine Group, this evidence-based consensus guideline presents recommendations and discusses the graded evidence (using the GRADE system) for these recommendations. Primary bone fragility disorders such as osteogenesis imperfecta are considered separately from osteoporosis secondary to other clinical conditions (such as cerebral palsy, Duchenne muscular dystrophy)...
March 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504042/bone-mineral-density-and-nutritional-status-in-children-with-quadriplegic-cerebral-palsy
#16
Citlalli Alvarez Zaragoza, Edgar Manuel Vasquez Garibay, Andrea A García Contreras, Alfredo Larrosa Haro, Enrique Romero Velarde, Alejandro Rea Rosas, José Luis Cabrales de Anda, Israel Vega Olea
This study demonstrated the relationship of low bone mineral density (BMD) with the degree of motor impairment, method of feeding, anthropometric indicators, and malnutrition in children with quadriplegic cerebral palsy (CP). The control of these factors could optimize adequate bone mineralization, avoid the risk of osteoporosis, and would improve the quality of life. PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to explore the relationship between low BMD and nutritional status in children with quadriplegic CP...
March 4, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467685/how-executive-functions-are-evaluated-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#17
Armanda Pereira, Sílvia Lopes, Paula Magalhães, Adriana Sampaio, Elisa Chaleta, Pedro Rosário
Aims: The aim of the present study was to examine how executive functions are assessed in children and adolescents with Cerebral Palsy. Method: A systematic literature review was conducted using four bibliographic databases (WebScience, Scopus, PubMed, and Psycinfo), and only studies that evaluated at least one executive function were selected. Both the research and reporting of results were based on Cochrane's recommendations and PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis) guidelines...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444139/post-discharge-body-weight-and-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-among-very-low-birth-weight-infants-in-taiwan-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#18
Chung-Ting Hsu, Chao-Huei Chen, Ming-Chih Lin, Teh-Ming Wang, Ya-Chi Hsu
BACKGROUND: Premature infants are at high risk for developmental delay and cognitive dysfunction. Besides medical conditions, growth restriction is regarded as an important risk factor for cognitive and neurodevelopmental dysfunction throughout childhood and adolescence and even into adulthood. In this study, we analyzed the relationship between post-discharge body weight and psychomotor development using a nationwide dataset. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a nationwide cohort study conducted in Taiwan...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417569/evolution-of-self-care-and-functional-mobility-after-single-event-multilevel-surgery-in-children-and-adolescents-with-spastic-diplegic-cerebral-palsy
#19
Griet Dequeker, Anja Van Campenhout, Hilde Feys, Guy Molenaers
AIM: To explore the evolution of self-care and functional mobility after multilevel surgery in children and adolescents with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy and to identify factors affecting these outcomes. METHOD: Thirty-four participants (22 males, 12 females) were evaluated before surgery, and at 2 months, 6 months, 1 year, 18 months, and 2 years after surgery. Self-care was assessed with the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory Dutch edition. The Mobility Questionnaire47 (MobQues47) and Functional Mobility Scale (FMS) were used to measure functional mobility...
February 8, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405292/health-related-quality-of-life-of-children-and-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Rosalie Power, Catherine King, Mohammad Muhit, Eamin Heanoy, Claire Galea, Cheryl Jones, Nadia Badawi, Gulam Khandaker
AIM: To systematically review literature on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of children and adolescents (≤18yo) with cerebral palsy (CP) from low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) to identify trends in HRQoL and areas for future research. METHOD: We systematically reviewed six key bibliographic databases and two reviewers independently screened results. Peer-reviewed original articles examining HRQoL of children from LMICs were eligible. RESULTS: A total of 22 524 papers were identified, of which 16, from eight LMICs, were included...
February 6, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
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