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Cerebral palsy adolescent

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024824/body-mass-index-and-fitness-in-high-functioning-children-and-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy-what-happened-over-a-decade
#1
Maremka Zwinkels, Tim Takken, Thijs Ruyten, Anne Visser-Meily, Olaf Verschuren
BACKGROUND: In recent decades, improving fitness has become an important goal in rehabilitation medicine in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP). AIMS: To compare body mass index (BMI), performance-related fitness, and cardiorespiratory fitness of children with CP measured in 2014 with a comparable sample from 2004. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: In total, 25 high-functioning children with CP (i.e., GMFCS I-II) measured in 2004 (13 boys; mean age 13...
October 9, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018327/maternal-cigarette-smoke-exposure-worsens-neurological-outcomes-in-adolescent-offspring-with-hypoxic-ischemic-injury
#2
Yik L Chan, Sonia Saad, Rita Machaalani, Brian G Oliver, Bryce Vissel, Carol Pollock, Nicole M Jones, Hui Chen
Hypoxic-ischemic (HI) encephalopathy occurs in approximately 6 per 1000 term newborns leading to devastating neurological consequences, such as cerebral palsy and seizures. Maternal smoking is one of the prominent risk factors contributing to HI injury. Mitochondrial integrity plays a critical role in neural injury and repair during HI. We previously showed that maternal cigarette smoke exposure (SE) can reduce brain mitochondrial fission and autophagosome markers in male offspring. This was accompanied by increased brain cell apoptosis (active caspase-3) and DNA fragmentation (TUNEL staining)...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987966/how-available-to-european-children-and-young-people-with-cerebral-palsy-are-features-of-their-environment-that-they-need
#3
Sandra Martina Espín-Tello, Allan Colver
BACKGROUND: The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities requires accessibility to the physical and social environments. However, individuals with cerebral palsy (CP) have many difficulties in accessing the environment they need for functional independence and social inclusion. AIMS: To examine the availability of environmental features which children with CP need for optimal participation, and whether availability changed for them between ages 8-12 and 13-17 years...
October 4, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954047/comparative-study-on-gastrostomy-and-orally-nutrition-of-children-and-adolescents-with-tetraparesis-cerebral-palsy
#4
Thaisa Barboza Caselli, Elizete Aparecida Lomazi, Maria Augusta Santos Montenegro, Maria Angela Bellomo-Brandão
BACKGROUND: Gastrostomy tube feeding (GTF) is indicated for children with feeding difficulties due to tetraspastic cerebral palsy, although there are no definitive conclusions about the benefits of GTF. OBJECTIVE: To compare nutritional status and diet of pediatric patients with tetraparesis cerebral palsy who are fed by GTF with those fed orally (PO). METHODS: A transversal and descriptive study on 54 patients with spastic tetraparesis was held...
September 21, 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922852/magnesium-sulfate-prevents-neurochemical-and-long-term-behavioral-consequences-of-neonatal-excitotoxic-lesions-comparison-between-male-and-female-mice
#5
Ismaël Daher, Bérénice Le Dieu-Lugon, Nathalie Dourmap, Matthieu Lecuyer, Lauriane Ramet, Cathy Gomila, Jérôme Ausseil, Stéphane Marret, Philippe Leroux, Vincent Roy, Salah El Mestikawy, Stéphanie Daumas, Bruno Gonzalez, Isabelle Leroux-Nicollet, Carine Cleren
Magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) administration to mothers at risk of preterm delivery is proposed as a neuroprotective strategy against neurological alterations such as cerebral palsy in newborns. However, long-term beneficial or adverse effects of MgSO4 and sex-specific sensitivity remain to be investigated. We conducted behavioral and neurochemical studies of MgSO4 effects in males and females, from the perinatal period to adolescence in a mouse model of cerebral neonatal lesion. The lesion was produced in 5-day-old (P5) pups by ibotenate intracortical injection...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915908/advances-in-paediatrics-in-2016-current-practices-and-challenges-in-allergy-autoimmune-diseases-cardiology-endocrinology-gastroenterology-infectious-diseases-neonatology-nephrology-neurology-nutrition-pulmonology
#6
REVIEW
Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Silvia Montella, Sergio Bernasconi
This review reports main progresses in various pediatric issues published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics and in international journals in 2016. New insights in clinical features or complications of several disorders may be useful for our better understanding. They comprise severe asthma, changing features of lupus erythematosus from birth to adolescence, celiac disease, functional gastrointestinal disorders, Moebius syndrome, recurrent pneumonia. Risk factors for congenital heart defects, Kawasaki disease have been widely investigated...
September 16, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914445/the-prevalence-of-mental-health-disorders-and-symptoms-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Jenny Downs, Amanda Marie Blackmore, Amy Epstein, Rachel Skoss, Katherine Langdon, Peter Jacoby, Andrew J O Whitehouse, Helen Leonard, Peter W Rowe, Emma J Glasson
AIM: Mental health conditions and problems are often reported in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP). A systematic review was undertaken to describe their prevalence. METHOD: MEDLINE and PsycINFO databases from 1996 to 2016 were searched and reference lists of selected studies were reviewed. Studies were included if they reported point prevalence of mental health diagnoses or symptoms in a general population of children and/or adolescents with CP. Pooled prevalence for mental health symptoms was determined using a random effects meta-analysis...
September 15, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899888/protocol-for-a-systematic-review-of-instruments-for-the-assessment-of-quality-of-life-and-well-being-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy
#8
Christine Mpundu-Kaambwa, Gang Chen, Elisabeth Huynh, Remo Russo, Julie Ratcliffe
INTRODUCTION: Cerebral palsy is the most common cause of physical disability in children and adolescents and is associated with impairments that may reduce the quality of life (QOL) of this population. Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) can facilitate the assessment of the effect of disease and treatment on QOL, from a patient viewpoint. The purpose of this systematic review is to identify PROMs that are used to measure QOL and subjective well-being (SWB) outcomes in young people with cerebral palsy and to evaluate the suitability of these PROMs for application in economic evaluations within this population...
September 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898315/-morbimortality-associated-to-nutritional-status-and-feeding-path-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#9
M J Figueroa, C Rojas, S Barja
INTRODUCTION: Children and adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP) have a high prevalence of malnutrition associated to poor prognosis. For an adequate nutritional assessment, new growth curves (Brooks, 2011) are available, in which precise cut-off points in Weight/Age index correlate to increased morbidity and mortality rate. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate risk of hospitalization and death in patients with CP, according to nutritional risk (NR). PATIENTS AND METHOD: Observational and prospective cohort study of patients with CP in an outpatient referral center...
2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862491/eye-gaze-control-technology-for-children-adolescents-and-adults-with-cerebral-palsy-with-significant-physical-disability-findings-from-a-systematic-review
#10
Petra Karlsson, Abigail Allsop, Betty-Jean Dee-Price, Margaret Wallen
PURPOSE: The primary objective of this systematic review was to examine the effectiveness of eye-gaze control technology for facilitating communication across different social contexts for people with cerebral palsy and significant physical disability. METHODS: Systematic review. RESULTS: The search identified 756 potentially eligible articles, of which two, low level articles were eligible. One study reported positive results for achieving communication goals for children with cerebral palsy...
September 1, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854939/weight-supported-training-of-the-upper-extremity-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-motor-learning-study
#11
Jeffrey W Keller, Hubertus J A van Hedel
BACKGROUND: Novel neurorehabilitation technologies build upon treatment principles derived from motor learning studies. However, few studies have investigated motor learning with assistive devices in children and adolescents with Cerebral Palsy (CP). The aim of this study was to investigate whether children with CP who trained with weight support in a playful, virtual environment would improve upper extremity task performance (i.e. skill acquisition), transfer, and retention, three aspects that indicate whether motor learning might have occurred or not...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853616/low-cost-assistive-technology-to-support-educational-activities-for-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy
#12
Alan Patricio da Silva, Acary Souza Bulle Oliveira, Italla Maria Pinheiro Bezerra, Thaiany Pedrozo Campos Antunes, Blanca Elena Guerrero Daboin, Rodrigo Daminello Raimundo, Vagner Rogério Dos Santos, Luiz Carlos de Abreu
INTRODUCTION: The concept of assistive technology covers several areas of action; one of them is communication with the elaboration of accessible solutions to overcome daily difficulties. It contributes to the resumption of functional abilities, expanding and facilitating inclusion and independent living. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the usability of a low cost prototype device to support educational activities of adolescents with cerebral palsy. METHODS: A descriptive observational study...
August 30, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836807/health-self-management-transition-readiness-and-adaptive-behavior-in-persons-with-cerebral-palsy-or-myelomeningocele
#13
Seth Warschausky, Jacqueline N Kaufman, William Schutt, Michael Evitts, Edward A Hurvitz
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to examine the associations between generic and condition-specific health self-management and levels of adaptive behavior in 2 groups of transition-age youth with congenital neurodevelopmental conditions. METHOD: The sample included 43 adolescents/young adults diagnosed with cerebral palsy (CP) and 36 with spina bifida/myelomeningocele (SBM), ages 13-29, mean age 18.96 (4.77), 51.9% female. Health self-management was assessed with the Transition Readiness Assessment Questionnaire (TRAQ) completed by the child, and the Kennedy Krieger Independence Scales-Spina Bifida (KKIS-SB) completed by the parent/guardian...
August 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830650/basics-of-bone-metabolism-and-osteoporosis-in-common-pediatric-neuromuscular-disabilities
#14
REVIEW
Evren Yaşar, Emre Adigüzel, Mutluay Arslan, Dennis J Matthews
Bone modeling is a process that starts with fetal life and continues during adolescence. Complex factors such as hormones, nutritional and environmental factors affect this process. In addition to these factors, physical conditioning and medications that have toxic effects on bony tissue should be carefully considered in patient follow-up. Osteoporosis is a significant problem in pediatric population because of ongoing growth and development of skeletal system. Two types of osteoporosis are primary and secondary types and children with neuromuscular disabilities constitute a major group with secondary osteoporosis...
August 10, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828549/postnatal-hypoxia-evokes-persistent-changes-within-the-male-rat-s-dopaminergic-system
#15
Michael J Decker, Karra A Jones, Glenda L Keating, David B Rye
PURPOSE: Hypoxic insults occurring during the perinatal period remain the leading cause of permanent brain impairment. Severe cognitive and motor dysfunction, as seen in cerebral palsy, will occur in 4-10% of post-hypoxic newborns. Subtle cognitive impairment, apparent in disorders of minimal brain dysfunction will occur in > 3 million post-hypoxic newborns. Analyses of post-hypoxic rodent brains reveal reduced extracellular levels of dopamine, a key neurotransmitter of vigilance, execute function, and behavior...
August 22, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815571/functional-electrical-stimulation-of-the-ankle-dorsiflexors-during-walking-in-spastic-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Irene Moll, Johannes S H Vles, Dan L H M Soudant, Adhiambo M A Witlox, Heleen M Staal, Lucianne A W M Speth, Yvonne J M Janssen-Potten, Marcel Coenen, Suzanne M Koudijs, R Jeroen Vermeulen
AIM: To assess the effect of functional electrical stimulation (FES) of ankle dorsiflexors in children and adolescents with spastic cerebral palsy (CP) during walking. METHOD: A systematic review was performed using the American Academy of Cerebral Palsy and Developmental Medicine methodology and the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Six databases were searched for studies applying interventions to patients aged younger than 20 years...
August 17, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806590/how-multi-segmental-patterns-deviate-in-spastic-diplegia-from-typical-developed
#17
Matteo Zago, Chiarella Sforza, Alessia Bona, Veronica Cimolin, Pier Francesco Costici, Claudia Condoluci, Manuela Galli
BACKGROUND: The relationship between gait features and coordination in children with Cerebral Palsy is not sufficiently analyzed yet. Principal Component Analysis can help in understanding motion patterns decomposing movement into its fundamental components (Principal Movements). This study aims at quantitatively characterizing the functional connections between multi-joint gait patterns in Cerebral Palsy. METHODS: 65 children with spastic diplegia aged 10.6 (SD 3...
August 8, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798906/cerebral-sinovenous-thrombosis
#18
REVIEW
Rebecca Ichord
Cerebral sinovenous thrombosis (CSVT) is a rare but serious cerebrovascular disorder affecting children from the newborn period through childhood and adolescence. The incidence is estimated at 0.6/100,000/year, with 30-50% occurring in newborns. Causes are diverse and are highly age dependent. Acute systemic illness is the dominant risk factor among newborns. In childhood CSVT, acute infections of the head and neck such as mastoiditis are most common, followed by chronic underlying diseases such as nephrotic syndrome, cancer, and inflammatory bowel disease...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748578/exploring-quality-of-life-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy-and-intellectual-disability-what-are-the-important-domains-of-life
#19
E Davis, D Reddihough, N Murphy, A Epstein, S M Reid, A Whitehouse, K Williams, H Leonard, J Downs
BACKGROUND: Although it is estimated that half of all children with cerebral palsy also have comorbid intellectual disability, the domains of quality of life (QOL) important for these children are not well understood. The aim of this study was to identify important domains of QOL for these children and adolescents. METHODS: Due to the children's communication impairments, qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted with 18 parents. The children (9 males) had a median age of 12 (range 7 to 17) years at interview and nearly two thirds were classified as Gross Motor Function Classification System IV or V...
July 26, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744066/effects-of-robot-assisted-training-for-the-unaffected-arm-in-patients-with-hemiparetic-cerebral-palsy-a-proof-of-concept-pilot-study
#20
Alessandro Picelli, Elisabetta La Marchina, Antonella Vangelista, Elena Chemello, Angela Modenese, Marialuisa Gandolfi, Elisa Francesca Maria Ciceri, Alessandra Bucci, Giada Zoccatelli, Leopold Saltuari, Andreas Waldner, Alessio Baricich, Andrea Santamato, Nicola Smania
On a voluntary basis, 10 adolescents with hemiparesis due to cerebral palsy and 11 neurologically healthy control subjects participated in this proof-of-concept pilot study. The aim was to examine the effects of robot-assisted training for the unaffected arm in patients with hemiparetic cerebral palsy. Baseline comparison between the unaffected arm of the hemiparetic patients with cerebral palsy and the dominant arm of healthy control subjects showed significant differences on the Jebsen-Taylor Hand Function test and action planning ability tests...
2017: Behavioural Neurology
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