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Cerebral palsy adolescent

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815571/functional-electrical-stimulation-of-the-ankle-dorsiflexors-during-walking-in-spastic-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Irene Moll, Johannes S H Vles, Dan L H M Soudant, Adhiambo M A Witlox, Heleen M Staal, Lucianne A W M Speth, Yvonne J M Janssen-Potten, Marcel Coenen, Suzanne M Koudijs, R Jeroen Vermeulen
AIM: To assess the effect of functional electrical stimulation (FES) of ankle dorsiflexors in children and adolescents with spastic cerebral palsy (CP) during walking. METHOD: A systematic review was performed using the American Academy of Cerebral Palsy and Developmental Medicine methodology and the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Six databases were searched for studies applying interventions to patients aged younger than 20 years...
August 17, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806590/how-multi-segmental-patterns-deviate-in-spastic-diplegia-from-typical-developed
#2
Matteo Zago, Chiarella Sforza, Alessia Bona, Veronica Cimolin, Pier Francesco Costici, Claudia Condoluci, Manuela Galli
BACKGROUND: The relationship between gait features and coordination in children with Cerebral Palsy is not sufficiently analyzed yet. Principal Component Analysis can help in understanding motion patterns decomposing movement into its fundamental components (Principal Movements). This study aims at quantitatively characterizing the functional connections between multi-joint gait patterns in Cerebral Palsy. METHODS: 65 children with spastic diplegia aged 10.6 (SD 3...
August 8, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798906/cerebral-sinovenous-thrombosis
#3
REVIEW
Rebecca Ichord
Cerebral sinovenous thrombosis (CSVT) is a rare but serious cerebrovascular disorder affecting children from the newborn period through childhood and adolescence. The incidence is estimated at 0.6/100,000/year, with 30-50% occurring in newborns. Causes are diverse and are highly age dependent. Acute systemic illness is the dominant risk factor among newborns. In childhood CSVT, acute infections of the head and neck such as mastoiditis are most common, followed by chronic underlying diseases such as nephrotic syndrome, cancer, and inflammatory bowel disease...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748578/exploring-quality-of-life-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy-and-intellectual-disability-what-are-the-important-domains-of-life
#4
E Davis, D Reddihough, N Murphy, A Epstein, S M Reid, A Whitehouse, K Williams, H Leonard, J Downs
BACKGROUND: Although it is estimated that half of all children with cerebral palsy also have comorbid intellectual disability, the domains of quality of life (QOL) important for these children are not well understood. The aim of this study was to identify important domains of QOL for these children and adolescents. METHODS: Due to the children's communication impairments, qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted with 18 parents. The children (9 males) had a median age of 12 (range 7 to 17) years at interview and nearly two thirds were classified as Gross Motor Function Classification System IV or V...
July 26, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744066/effects-of-robot-assisted-training-for-the-unaffected-arm-in-patients-with-hemiparetic-cerebral-palsy-a-proof-of-concept-pilot-study
#5
Alessandro Picelli, Elisabetta La Marchina, Antonella Vangelista, Elena Chemello, Angela Modenese, Marialuisa Gandolfi, Elisa Francesca Maria Ciceri, Alessandra Bucci, Giada Zoccatelli, Leopold Saltuari, Andreas Waldner, Alessio Baricich, Andrea Santamato, Nicola Smania
On a voluntary basis, 10 adolescents with hemiparesis due to cerebral palsy and 11 neurologically healthy control subjects participated in this proof-of-concept pilot study. The aim was to examine the effects of robot-assisted training for the unaffected arm in patients with hemiparetic cerebral palsy. Baseline comparison between the unaffected arm of the hemiparetic patients with cerebral palsy and the dominant arm of healthy control subjects showed significant differences on the Jebsen-Taylor Hand Function test and action planning ability tests...
2017: Behavioural Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723982/assessment-of-nutritional-status-of-children-and-adolescents-with-spastic-quadriplegic-cerebral-palsy
#6
Thaisa Barboza Caselli, Elizete Aparecida Lomazi, Maria Augusta Santos Montenegro, Maria Angela Bellomo-Brandão
BACKGROUND: Due to several factors, such as gastrointestinal's diseases and difficulty in feeding, children with Spastic Quadriplegic Cerebral Palsy tend to present nutritional deficits. OBJECTIVE: To assess the nutritional status of pediatric patients with Spastic Quadriplegic Cerebral Palsy according to reference curves for this population and with the measures of folds and circumferences, obtained by the upper arm circumference and triceps skin fold. METHODS: The data were obtained from: knee-height, estimated height, weight, upper arm circumference, and triceps skin fold...
July 6, 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660646/how-reliable-is-the-assisting-hand-assessment-for-adolescents-with-unilateral-cerebral-palsy
#7
Anne L Gordon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 29, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660621/changes-in-hip-abductor-moment-3-or-more-years-after-femoral-derotation-osteotomy-among-individuals-with-cerebral-palsy
#8
Elizabeth R Boyer, Tom F Novacheck, Michael H Schwartz
AIM: To examine the effect of femoral derotation osteotomy (FDO) on dimensionless hip abductor moment during gait in children with cerebral palsy. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data from independent ambulators within our database. Postoperative visits 1 year (short-term) and at least 3 years (mid-term) were analyzed. We estimated the coronal plane hip abductor moment arm based on musculoskeletal modeling that accounted for anteversion and hip rotation. RESULTS: There were 140 individuals with a short-term analysis (77 males, 63 females; age at surgery 9y 11mo [range 4y 5mo-17y 5mo]) and 29 with mid-term analysis (15 males, 14 females; age at surgery 8y 7mo [range 4y 5mo-13y 1mo])...
June 29, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654506/a-progressive-running-program-for-an-adolescent-with-cerebral-palsy
#9
Jessica Lewis
PURPOSE: To describe the physical therapy intervention and outcomes for a 20-week progressive running program. SUMMARY OF KEY POINTS: A 12-year-old boy with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy, Gross Motor Function Classification System level II, participated in a 20-week running program. The 6-minute walk test and the 88-item and 66-item versions of the Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM) were administered at baseline and program completion. After completion of the program, the participant exceeded thresholds for minimally clinically important differences on the GMFM-66 total score and GMFM-88 Dimension D and E scores...
July 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602046/exercise-interventions-for-cerebral-palsy
#10
REVIEW
Jennifer M Ryan, Elizabeth E Cassidy, Stephen G Noorduyn, Neil E O'Connell
BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy (CP) is a neurodevelopmental disorder resulting from an injury to the developing brain. It is the most common form of childhood disability with prevalence rates of between 1.5 and 3.8 per 1000 births reported worldwide. The primary impairments associated with CP include reduced muscle strength and reduced cardiorespiratory fitness, resulting in difficulties performing activities such as dressing, walking and negotiating stairs.Exercise is defined as a planned, structured and repetitive activity that aims to improve fitness, and it is a commonly used intervention for people with CP...
June 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600111/do-active-video-games-benefit-the-motor-skill-development-of-non-typically-developing-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Zoey E Page, Stephanie Barrington, Jacqueline Edwards, Lisa M Barnett
OBJECTIVES: The use of interactive video gaming, known as 'exergames' or 'active video games (AVG)' may provide an opportunity for motor skill development. Youth with non-typical patterns of development may have deficits in gross motor skill capacities and are therefore an intervention target. The aim was to determine the effectiveness of AVG use on motor skill development in non-typically developing children and adolescents. DESIGN: Review article. METHODS: The PRISMA protocol was used to conduct a systematic review of EBSCOhost, Embase, Gale Cengage, Informit, Ovid, ProQuest, PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science databases...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596080/physical-strain-a-new-perspective-on-walking-in-cerebral-palsy
#12
Astrid Cj Balemans, Eline Bolster, Merel-Anne Brehm, Annet J Dallmeijer
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP) were to 1) describe physical strain of walking, 2) describe the proportion of participants walking above the anaerobic threshold and 3) describe 4 phenotypes of physical strain of walking based on deviations in aerobic capacity and walking energy cost (EC). DESIGN: Cohort SETTING: Academic medical center PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-seven participants (13y5mo(4y0mo)) with CP (Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) levels I[n=13], II[N=17] and III[N=7]) and 20 typically developing participants (TD) (11y8mo(3y5mo))...
June 5, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591387/treatment-of-drooling-with-sublingual-atropine-sulfate-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Bruno L Scofano Dias, Alexandre R Fernandes, Heber de S Maia
Objective: To report the effect of sublingual atropine sulfate to treat drooling in children with cerebral palsy by comparing the results of the Drooling Impact Scale in a non-controlled open clinical trial. Results: Twenty-five children were assessed. The difference in the mean scores of the pre- and post-treatment scales reached statistical significance. There was a low frequency of side effects compared to studies with other anticholinergics. Conclusion: The use of sublingual atropine sulfate seems to be safe and there is a reduction in the Drooling Impact Scale score, which suggests efficacy in the treatment of drooling in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy...
May 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569523/mastery-motivation-and-executive-functions-as-predictors-of-adaptive-behavior-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cerebral-palsy-or-myelomeningocele
#14
Seth Warschausky, Jacqueline N Kaufman, Michael Evitts, William Schutt, Edward A Hurvitz
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: To examine mastery motivation and executive functions or behaviors as predictors of adaptive behavior in adolescents and young adults with congenital neurodevelopmental conditions. METHOD: Participants were 2 groups of adolescents and young adults, ages 13-29, including 43 with cerebral palsy and 36 with myelomeningocele living with a parent or caregiver. Participants completed measures of mastery motivation, executive functions or behaviors, and a measure of adaptive behavior...
June 1, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555755/reliability-of-the-assisting-hand-assessment-in-adolescents
#15
Annoek Louwers, Lena Krumlinde-Sundholm, Karin Boeschoten, Anita Beelen
AIM: To investigate the interrater and test-retest reliability of the Assisting Hand Assessment in adolescents (Ad-AHA) with cerebral palsy (CP) and to evaluate the alternate-form reliability of different test activities. METHOD: Participants were 112 adolescents with unilateral CP (60 males, 52 females; mean age 14y 5mo [standard deviation {SD} 2y 8mo], Manual Ability Classification System levels I-III). Reliability was evaluated using intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC), smallest detectable change (SDC), and Bland-Altman plots...
May 29, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553449/post-operative-hypertension-following-correction-of-flexion-deformity-of-the-knees-in-a-spastic-diplegic-child-a-case-report
#16
Mohan Vipin, D M Sujendra, V K Imthiaz, Hitesh-Shah
An adolescent boy with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy presented with crouch gait. He had bilateral severe flexion deformities of knees and hips. He was treated with single event multilevel surgery for the correction of deformities. Surgical procedures included bilateral adductor release, iliopsoas lengthening, bilateral femoral shortening and patella plication. Persistent hypertension was noted in the post-operative period. All causes of secondary hypertension were ruled out. Having persistent hypertension following the femoral shortening procedure is unusual...
November 2016: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511835/adcy5-related-movement-disorders-frequency-disease-course-and-phenotypic-variability-in-a-cohort-of-paediatric-patients
#17
Miryam Carecchio, Niccolò E Mencacci, Alessandro Iodice, Roser Pons, Celeste Panteghini, Giovanna Zorzi, Federica Zibordi, Anastasios Bonakis, Argyris Dinopoulos, Joseph Jankovic, Leonidas Stefanis, Kailash P Bhatia, Valentina Monti, Lea R'Bibo, Liana Veneziano, Barbara Garavaglia, Carlo Fusco, Nicholas Wood, Maria Stamelou, Nardo Nardocci
INTRODUCTION: ADCY5 mutations have been recently identified as an important cause of early-onset hyperkinetic movement disorders. The phenotypic spectrum associated with mutations in this gene is expanding. However, the ADCY5 mutational frequency in cohorts of paediatric patients with hyperkinetic movement disorders has not been evaluated. METHODS: We performed a screening of the entire ADCY5 coding sequence in 44 unrelated subjects with genetically undiagnosed childhood-onset hyperkinetic movement disorders, featuring chorea alone or in combination with myoclonus and dystonia...
August 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509631/improving-balance-mobility-and-dual-task-performance-in-an-adolescent-with-cerebral-palsy-a-case-report
#18
Sarah Fisher-Pipher, Lisa K Kenyon, Marci Westman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Improving functional mobility is often a desired outcome for adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP). Traditional neurorehabilitation approaches are frequently directed at impairments; however, improvements may not be carried over into functional mobility. The purpose of this case report was to describe the examination, intervention, and outcomes of a task-oriented physical therapy intervention program to improve dynamic balance, functional mobility, and dual-task performance in an adolescent with CP...
July 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509356/assessments-of-pain-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy-a-retrospective-population-based-registry-study
#19
Lena Westbom, Amanda Rimstedt, Eva Nordmark
AIM: To explore pain screening in CPUP, a follow-up surveillance programme for people with cerebral palsy (CP), specifically to describe reported pain prevalence, localizations, patterns of distribution; to compare with studies using psychometrically sound assessment instruments; and to assess agreement between pain documented in CPUP and medical records. METHOD: Registry study of a population with CP, born 1993 to 2008, living in Skåne, Sweden in 2013. Descriptive data, cross-tabulations, and chi-square tests to characterize and compare the study groups...
August 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494598/dental-trauma-in-italian-children-and-adolescents-with-special-health-care-needs-a-cross-sectional-retrospective-study
#20
S Bagattoni, A Sadotti, G D'Alessandro, G Piana
AIM: Dental trauma is a frequent finding in people with special health care needs. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of dental trauma in a sample of Italian children and adolescents with special health care needs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 556 medical and dental records of children and adolescents visited from January 2010 to March 2015 were examined. Information about medical diagnosis, gender, site and type of dental trauma (DT) were collected...
March 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
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