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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226234/implementation-of-a-clinical-reasoning-course-in-the-internal-medicine-trimester-of-the-final-year-of-undergraduate-medical-training-and-its-effect-on-students-case-presentation-and-differential-diagnostic-skills
#1
Sigrid Harendza, Ingo Krenz, Andreas Klinge, Ulrike Wendt, Matthias Janneck
Background: Clinical reasoning, comprising the processes of clinical thinking, which form the basis of medical decisions, constitutes a central competence in the clinical routine on which diagnostic and therapeutic steps are based. In medical curricula in Germany, clinical reasoning is currently taught explicitly only to a small extend. Therefore, the aim of this project was to develop and implement a clinical reasoning course in the final year of undergraduate medical training. Project description: A clinical reasoning course with six learning units and 18 learning objectives was developed, which was taught by two to four instructors on the basis of 32 paper cases from the clinical practice of the instructors...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226230/new-paths-in-post-graduate-medical-training-in-general-practice-8-years-of-experience-with-the-pilot-project-verbundweiterbildungplus-baden-w%C3%A3-rttemberg
#2
Simon Schwill, Julia Magez, Stefanie Joos, Jost Steinhäuser, Thomas Ledig, Aline Rubik, Wilhelm Niebling, Joachim Szecsenyi, Elisabeth Flum
Background: In face of the looming shortage of general practitioners, primary healthcare providers and post-graduate training in general practice are increasingly becoming part of the political agenda in Germany. In 2009 the program "Verbundweiterbildung plus Baden-Württemberg" (VWB plus BW) was developed by the Competence Center for General Practice in Baden-Wuerttemberg to ensure primary healthcare in the future by enhancing the attractiveness of general medicine. This paper describes the experiences that have been gathered in developing a post-graduate training-program for physicians undergoing specialist training in general practice...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226228/seminar-program-for-postgraduate-specialty-training-in-general-practice-proposal-for-a-5-year-thematic-catalogue
#3
Susanne Sommer, Erika Baum, Julia Magez, Jean-Francois Chenot, Gesine Weckmann, Jost Steinhäuser, Susanne Heim, Dagmar Schneider, Stephan Fuchs
Introduction: In different German regions, seminar programs have been conducted for General practice residents. In each region, selection and teaching of learning content is conducted in a different manner. So far, no structured, standardized curriculum has been implemented nationwide. We have investigated, if the development of a common 5-year program of learning topics is conceivable between the different university departments of General practice in Germany. Method: The seminar program working group of the DEGAM (German College of General Practitioners and Family Physicians) has conducted an online survey based on information gathered via preliminary telephone conference (n=7; physicians with postgraduate teaching experience) among all German university departments of General Practice and two non-university teaching institutions, identified via the internet...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223514/need-for-integrative-thinking-to-fight-against-emerging-infectious-diseases-proceedings-of-the-5th-seminar-on-emerging-infectious-diseases-march-22-2016-%C3%A2-current-trends-and-proposals
#4
C Burdet, J-F Guégan, X Duval, M Le Tyrant, H Bergeron, J-C Manuguerra, J Raude, C Leport, P Zylberman
We present here the proceedings of the 5th seminar on emerging infectious diseases, held in Paris on March 22nd, 2016, with seven priority proposals that can be outlined as follows: encourage research on the prediction, screening and early detection of new risks of infection; develop research and surveillance concerning transmission of pathogens between animals and humans, with their reinforcement in particular in intertropical areas ("hot-spots") via public support; pursue aid development and support in these areas of prevention and training for local health personnel, and foster risk awareness in the population; ensure adapted patient care in order to promote adherence to treatment and to epidemic propagation reduction measures; develop greater awareness and better education among politicians and healthcare providers, in order to ensure more adapted response to new types of crises; modify the logic of governance, drawing from all available modes of communication and incorporating new information-sharing tools; develop economic research on the fight against emerging infectious diseases, taking into account specific driving factors in order to create a balance between preventive and curative approaches...
December 6, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214157/towards-a-global-initiative-for-fibrosis-treatment-gift
#5
Maria Molina-Molina, Alvar Agusti, Bruno Crestani, David A Schwartz, Melanie Königshoff, Rachel C Chambers, Toby M Maher, Rosa Faner, Ana Lucia Mora, Mauricio Rojas, Katerina M Antoniou, Jacobo Sellares
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive lung disease characterised by increased scarring of lung tissue. Despite the recent introduction of novel drugs that slow disease progression, IPF remains a deadly disease, and the benefits of these new drugs differ markedly between patients. Human diseases arise due to alterations in an almost limitless network of interconnected genes, proteins, metabolites, cells and tissues, in direct relationship with a continuously changing macro- or microenvironment...
October 2017: ERJ Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206838/implementation-of-stroke-teams-and-simulation-training-shortened-process-times-in-a-regional-stroke-network-a-network-wide-prospective-trial
#6
Damla Tahtali, Ferdinand Bohmann, Natalia Kurka, Peter Rostek, Anelia Todorova-Rudolph, Martin Buchkremer, Mario Abruscato, Ann-Kathrin Hartmetz, Andrea Kuhlmann, Christian Henke, André Stegemann, Sanjay Menon, Björn Misselwitz, Anke Reihs, Stefan Weidauer, Sven Thonke, Uta Meyding-Lamadé, Oliver Singer, Helmuth Steinmetz, Waltraud Pfeilschifter
BACKGROUND: To meet the requirements imposed by the time-dependency of acute stroke therapies, it is necessary 1) to initiate structural and cultural changes in the breadth of stroke-ready hospitals and 2) to find new ways to train the personnel treating patients with acute stroke. We aimed to implement and validate a composite intervention of a stroke team algorithm and simulation-based stroke team training as an effective quality initiative in our regional interdisciplinary neurovascular network consisting of 7 stroke units...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206270/prevention-of-lateral-violence-in-nursing-through-education-the-bullying-awareness-seminar
#7
Monika Maya Wahi, Kechi C Iheduru-Anderson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204006/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-among-practitioners-regarding-epilepsy-in-bhutan-a-rural-and-a-remote-country
#8
Devender Bhalla
Purpose: Epilepsy is a major neurological disorder with many countries as scientifically silent and little-to-nothing known on various aspects of epilepsy. Methods: Taking background of a first multinational seminar on epilepsy in Bhutan and a short valid questionnaire pertaining to various aspects of epilepsy, before participation. Results: Large participation was achieved (76 out of 87 approached, 87.3%; 53.0% males). Based on the responses of 76...
October 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199260/-implementation-and-evaluation-of-genetic-testing-seminars-about-lifestyle-related-disease-prevention-in-pharmacy-insurance-the-need-for-cooperation-between-the-pharmacy-and-the-university-in-genetic-testing
#9
Kayo Ikeda, Mayu Kasuga, Toru Hosoi, Michiko Yoshii, Masanori Sugiyama, Aki Wako, Koichiro Ozawa
 A seminar titled "Implementation and evaluation of genetic testing of lifestyle-related disease genes" was held for pharmacists, medical clerks, and clerks of pharmacy insurance, with the aim of holding seminars led by pharmacists for the general public (including patients) in the future. The subject of the seminar was single nucleotide polymorphisms in obesity-related genes and alcohol metabolism-related genes. The purpose of the seminar was to contribute to the prevention of lifestyle-related diseases of the general public...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193701/perceived-infection-prevention-climate-and-its-predictors-among-nurses-in-saudi-arabia
#10
Paolo C Colet, Jonas Preposi Cruz, Gabby Cacho, Hikmet Al-Qubeilat, Shiela S Soriano, Charlie P Cruz
PURPOSE: This study investigated the staff nurses' perception of the infection prevention climate and its predictors in two hospitals. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study employing a convenience sample of 224 staff nurses at two general hospitals in Riyadh province. METHODS: The study utilized a two-part questionnaire that captures respondents' characteristics and the validated tool on Leading a Culture of Quality for Infection Prevention (LCQ-IP)...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191186/roles-and-responsibilities-of-clinical-ethics-committees-in-priority-setting
#11
Morten Magelssen, Ingrid Miljeteig, Reidar Pedersen, Reidun Førde
BACKGROUND: Fair prioritization of healthcare resources has been on the agenda for decades, but resource allocation dilemmas in clinical practice remain challenging. Can clinical ethics committees (CECs) be of help? The aim of the study was to explore whether and how CECs handle priority setting dilemmas and contribute to raising awareness of fairness concerns. METHOD: Descriptions of activities involving priority setting in annual reports from Norwegian CECs (2003-2015) were studied and categorized through qualitative content analysis...
December 1, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190158/integrating-interprofessional-education-and-cultural-competency-training-to-address-health-disparities
#12
Pearl Anna McElfish, Ramey Moore, Bill Buron, Jonell Hudson, Christopher R Long, Rachel S Purvis, Thomas K Schulz, Brett Rowland, T Scott Warmack
PROBLEM: Many U.S. medical schools have accreditation requirements for interprofessional education and training in cultural competency, yet few programs have developed programs to meet both of these requirements simultaneously. Furthermore, most training programs to address these requirements are broad in nature and do not focus on addressing health disparities. The lack of integration may reduce the students' ability to apply the knowledge learned. Innovative programs that combine these two learning objectives and focus on disenfranchised communities are needed to train the next generation of health professionals...
November 30, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189987/lessons-learned-from-the-young-breast-cancer-survivorship-network
#13
Silvia Gisiger-Camata, Timiya S Nolan, Jacqueline B Vo, Jennifer R Bail, Kayla A Lewis, Karen Meneses
The Young Breast Cancer Survivors Network (Network) is an academic and community-based partnership dedicated to education, support, and networking. The Network used a multi-pronged approach via monthly support and networking, annual education seminars, website networking, and individual survivor consultation. Formative and summative evaluations were conducted using group survey and individual survivor interviews for monthly gatherings, annual education meetings, and individual consultation. Google Analytics was applied to evaluate website use...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189440/patient-safety-activity-under-the-social-insurance-medical-fee-schedule-in-japan-an-overview-of-the-2010-nationwide-survey
#14
Masahiro Hirose, Toshihiko Kawamura, Mikio Igawa, Yuichi Imanaka
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about patient safety performance under the social insurance medical fee schedule in Japan. The Health Ministry in Japan introduced the preferential patient safety countermeasure fee (PPSCF) to promote patient safety in 2006 and revised the PPSCF system in 2010. This study aims to address the patient safety performance status at hospitals implementing the PPSCF. METHODS: A nationwide questionnaire survey targeting 2674 hospitals with the PPSCF was performed in 2010 to 2011...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184837/effectiveness-of-an-oral-health-education-program-for-obstetrician-gynecologist-residents-at-tufts-medical-center
#15
Devina Shah, Lily Parsi, Sara Bagher, Matthew Finkelman, Cheen Loo
Aim and Objectives: To assess Tufts Medical Center obstetrician/gynecologist (OB/GYN) residents' knowledge, beliefs, and previous training in oral health and to assess the effect of an oral health educational seminar on their knowledge and beliefs. Materials and Methods: A preseminar questionnaire was distributed to the residents. The same questionnaire was distributed immediately after the seminar and 3 months later. SPSS Version 21 was used for the data analysis...
October 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176829/tobacco-industry-attempts-to-frame-smoking-as-a-disability-under-the-1990-americans-with-disabilities-act
#16
Yvette van der Eijk, Stanton A Glantz
Using the Truth Tobacco Industry Documents Library and Congressional records, we examined the tobacco industry's involvement with the 1990 Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). During legislative drafting of the ADA (1989-1990), the Tobacco Institute, the tobacco industry's lobbying and public relations arm at the time, worked with industry lawyers and civil rights groups to include smoking in the ADA's definition of "disability." Focus was on smoking as a perceived rather than actual disability so that tobacco companies could maintain that smoking is not addictive...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175884/epidemiology-of-obesity-and-overweight-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Sibhatu Biadgilign, Tennyson Mgutshini, Demewoz Haile, Bereket Gebremichael, Yonatan Moges, Kelemu Tilahun
INTRODUCTION: Globally, overweight and obesity were estimated to cause 3.4 million deaths, 3.9% of years of life lost and 3.8% of disability-adjusted life years in 2010. Despite the fact that obesity and overweight is a problem of high-income countries, low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), in particular urban settings of sub-Saharan African countries, face the challenge of an increasing trend. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis will be to determine the prevalence of obesity and overweight individuals in sub-Saharan Africa and to help guide policy planners in the decision-making process for the increase in non-communicable diseases in Africa...
November 25, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167142/creating-a-new-rural-pharmacy-workforce-development-and-implementation-of-the-rural-pharmacy-health-initiative
#18
Mollie Ashe Scott, Stephanie Kiser, Irene Park, Rebecca Grandy, Pamela U Joyner
PURPOSE: An innovative certificate program aimed at expanding the rural pharmacy workforce, increasing the number of pharmacists with expertise in rural practice, and improving healthcare outcomes in rural North Carolina is described. SUMMARY: Predicted shortages of primary care physicians and closures of critical access hospitals are expected to worsen existing health disparities. Experiential education in schools and colleges of pharmacy primarily takes place in academic medical centers and, unlike experiential education in medical schools, rarely emphasizes the provision of patient care in rural U...
December 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148145/development-of-undergraduate-gerodontology-courses-in-austria-germany-and-switzerland-2004-2014
#19
I Nitschke, M Neitzel, B A J Sobotta
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: In view of the demographic shift, undergraduate dental students should be prepared for growing numbers of older people and their specific needs. The study examines changes in undergraduate dental teaching in Austria, Germany and Switzerland between 2004 and 2014. METHODS: Questionnaires were mailed in 2004, 2009 and 2014 to all deans and all department heads of Austrian (n = 4), German (n = 30) and Swiss (n = 4) dental schools. RESULTS: Response rates were 51% for deans and 47% for heads of department...
November 17, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147033/socratic-seminar-with-data-a-strategy-to-support-student-discourse-and-understanding
#20
Joan Griswold, Loren Shaw, Maureen Munn
A Socratic seminar can be a powerful tool for increasing students' ability to analyze and interpret data. Most commonly used for text-based discussion, we found that using Socratic seminar to engage students with data contributes to student understanding by allowing them to reason through and process complex information as a group. This approach also provides teachers with insights about student misconceptions and understanding of concepts by listening to the student-driven discussion. This article reports on Socratic seminar in the context of a high school type 2 diabetes curriculum that explores gene and environment interactions...
August 2017: American Biology Teacher
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