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Oral boards

Baba Shankar Rao Garige, Srisailam Keshetti, Uma Maheshwara Rao Vattikuti
BACKGROUND: Galphimia glauca is an evergreen shrub found across peninsular India, belonging to family Malpighiaceae. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the in vivo depressant effects and muscle coordination activity of G. glauca stem methanol extract (GGSME). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The stem methanol extract was administered in Swiss albino mice in 1 day to study the central nervous system (CNS) depressant and muscle coordination activity employing animal models such as sodium pentobarbital-induced sleep test, hole-board test, open field test, pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-induced convulsions, picrotoxin-induced convulsions, grip strengthening test in mice, and Rota-rod test...
October 2016: Pharmacognosy Research
Kathryn L Butler, David A Hirsh, Emil R Petrusa, D Dante Yeh, Dana Stearns, David E Sloane, Jeffrey A Linder, Gaurab Basu, Lisa A Thompson, Marc A de Moya
OBJECTIVE: Optimal methods for medical student assessment in surgery remain elusive. Faculty- and housestaff-written evaluations constitute the chief means of student assessment in medical education. However, numerous studies show that this approach has poor specificity and a high degree of subjectivity. We hypothesized that an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) in the surgery clerkship would provide additional data on student performance that would confirm or augment other measures of assessment...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
Nicoleta Sinevici, Jeff O'sullivan
Oral Cancer (OC) is a subset of head and neck cancer (HNC) with an annual worldwide incidence of 275,000 cases. OC remains a significant burden worldwide in terms of diagnosis, treatment and prognosis. Despite desirable outcomes in early diagnosed OCs and treatment advances most OCs are detected in advanced stages. The 5-year survival rate of early-stage disease is ∼80% and that of late-stage disease is only ∼20%. Recurrence and chemoresistance from a treatment point of view and pain and disfiguration are important factors contributing to the high morbidity and mortality of OC...
October 2016: Oral Oncology
David Arsanious, Emmanuel Gage, Jonathon Koning, Mazin Sarhan, Gassan Chaiban, Mohammed Almualim, Joseph Atallah
BACKGROUND: One of the potential side effects with radiofrequency ablation (RFA) includes painful cutaneous dysesthesias and increased pain due to neuritis or neurogenic inflammation. This pain may require the prescription of opioids or non-opioid analgesics to control post-procedural pain and discomfort. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study is to compare post-procedural pain scores and post-procedural oral analgesic use in patients receiving continuous thermal radiofrequency ablation versus patients receiving pulsed dose radiofrequency immediately followed by continuous thermal radiofrequency ablation for zygopophaseal joint disease...
September 2016: Pain Physician
Benjamin Pradere, Benoit Peyronnet, Thomas Seisen, Zineddine Khene, Marina Ruggiero, Christophe Vaessen, Grégory Verhoest, Romain Mathieu, Morgan Roupret, Karim Bensalah
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of therapeutic anticoagulant or antiplatelet on the morbidity of robot assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN). MATERIAL AND METHODS: From 2011 to 2015, we retrospectively analysed a prospectively maintained institutional review board-approved database of RAPN from two academic departments of urology. We evaluated the occurrence of overall complications and hemorrhagic complications (pseudoaneurysm, arterio- venous fistula, hematoma, transfusion)...
September 23, 2016: Urology
Laura E Fischer, Mara Snyder, Sarah A Sullivan, Eugene F Foley, Jacob A Greenberg
BACKGROUND: To obtain board certification, the American Board of Surgery requires graduates of general surgery training programs to pass both the written qualifying examination (QE) and the oral certifying examination (CE). In 2015, the pass rates for the QE and CE were 80% and 77%, respectively. In the 2011-2012 academic year, the University of Wisconsin instituted a mandatory, faculty-led, monthly CE preparation educational program (CE prep) as a supplement to their existing annual mock oral examination...
October 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
Abbey L Fingeret, Tracey Arnell, John McNelis, Mindy Statter, Lisa Dresner, Warren Widmann
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine whether sequential participation in a multi-institutional mock oral examination affected the likelihood of passing the American Board of Surgery Certifying Examination (ABSCE) in first attempt. DESIGN: Residents from 3 academic medical centers were able to participate in a regional mock oral examination in the fall and spring of their fourth and fifth postgraduate year from 2011 to 2014. Candidate׳s highest composite score of all mock orals attempts was classified as risk for failure, intermediate, or likely to pass...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
John Hilton, Sasha Mazzarello, Dean Fergusson, Anil A Joy, Andrew Robinson, Angel Arnaout, Brian Hutton, Lisa Vandermeer, Mark Clemons
PURPOSE: The current clinical trials development and conduct process is cumbersome and expensive, with the majority of studies focusing on either the development of new agents or new indications for established agents. Unfortunately, research comparing standard-of-care interventions is rarely performed, leaving many important and practical patient-centered questions unanswered. Novel clinical trial methodologies and approaches are needed. METHODS: We have identified simple key components that, when combined, enhance the ability to both perform and increase accrual for studies that compare standard-of-care interventions...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Oncology Practice
Erin R McKnight, Andrea E Bonny, Hannah L H Lange, David M Kline, Mahmoud Abdel-Rasoul, Joseph R Gay, Steven C Matson
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the relationship between opioid prescribing practices and the prevalence of adolescent opioid misuse. OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationships between both opioid prescriptions filled by adolescents and adults and adolescents seeking treatment for opioid misuse in Ohio. METHODS: Analyses of large statewide databases from 2008 to 2012, including all 88 counties in Ohio. The Ohio Board of Pharmacy provided data regarding prescription opioids filled by adolescents (12-20 years, N = 50,030,820 doses) and adults (>20 years, N = 3,811,288,395 doses) by county of residence...
September 19, 2016: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Atul B Shinagare, Erin Steele, Marta Braschi-Amirfarzan, Sree Harsha Tirumani, Nikhil H Ramaiya
Purpose To evaluate the effect and clinical importance of sunitinib on pancreatic volume in patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). Materials and Methods This retrospective study was approved by the institutional review board and compliant with HIPAA. The requirement to obtain informed consent was waived. The authors evaluated 65 patients with GIST treated with oral sunitinib and a control group of 30 patients with GIST who did not receive any therapy (mean age: 56 years [range, 29-75 years] vs 60 years [range, 27-78 years], respectively; P = ...
October 2016: Radiology
Tahira Assad, Rafeeq Alam Khan
Currently available anxiolytics cause numerous adverse effects and show craving and tolerance during long term treatment. Currently traditional medicines have been re-evaluated widely through work on various plant species. Numerous plants in traditional system show pharmacological activity with unlimited prospective for therapeutic use. Hence we planned to evaluate the effect of methanol extract of T. foenum-graecum L. seeds on anxiety, sedation and motor coordination in mice at different doses following 15 days of oral feeding...
September 17, 2016: Metabolic Brain Disease
Louis S Krane, Charles C Peyton, Michael A Olympio, Ashok K Hemal
OBJECTIVE: To perform a randomized control trial (RCT) assessing the effect of phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitor (PDE5i) used prior to hilar clamping during robot assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) for renoprotection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed an institutional review board approved, placebo controlled, double blinded RCT evaluating a single 100 mg oral dose of sildenafil immediately prior to RAPN. Primary end point was accrual, participation and retention of patients with secondary endpoints assessing post-operative renal functional outcomes and safety...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Michael B Gottschalk, William Carpenter, Elise Hiza, William Reisman, James Roberson
BACKGROUND: Despite extensive research regarding patient outcomes after operative fixation of humeral shaft fractures by means of open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) or intramedullary nailing (IMN), no current consensus exists regarding the optimal surgical treatment. The objective of this study was to compare IMN and plate fixation (ORIF) of humeral shaft fractures by using the American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery (ABOS) Part II operative database to analyze incidence rates, changes in management trends over time, early complications, and factors affecting the management choice...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
David A Holdsworth, Pete J Cox, Kieran Clarke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Hakan C Rundqvist, Mona Esbjörnsson, Olav Rooyackers, Apro William, Marcus Moberg, Ted Österlund, Eva Jansson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Kenichi Utano, Koichi Nagata, Tetsuro Honda, Toru Mitsushima, Takaaki Yasuda, Takashi Kato, Shoichi Horita, Michio Asano, Noritaka Oda, Kenichiro Majima, Yasutaka Kawamura, Michiaki Hirayama, Naoki Watanabe, Hidenori Kanazawa, Alan Kawarai Lefor, Hideharu Sugimoto
Purpose To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy and patient acceptance of reduced-laxative computed tomographic (CT) colonography without computer-aided detection (CAD) for the detection of colorectal polypoid and non-polypoid neoplasms in a population with a positive recent fecal immunochemical test (FIT). Materials and Methods Institutional review board approval and written informed consent were obtained. This multicenter prospective trial enrolled patients who had positive FIT results. Reduced-laxative CT colonography and colonoscopy were performed on the same day...
August 31, 2016: Radiology
F E Ucisik-Keser, T L Chi, Y Hamid, A Dinh, E Chang, D Z Ferson
BACKGROUND: Use of general anaesthesia or deep sedation during magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies leads to pharyngeal muscle relaxation, often resulting in snoring and subsequent vibrations with head micromotion. Given that MRI is very susceptible to motion, this causes artifacts and image quality degradation. The purpose of our study was to determine the effectiveness of different airway management techniques in overcoming micromotion-induced MRI artifacts. METHODS: After obtaining institutional review board approval, we conducted a retrospective study on the image quality of central nervous system MRI studies in nine patients who had serial MRIs under general anaesthesia...
September 2016: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Nancy A Hamming, Lanning B Kline, John C Keltner, James C Orcutt, Martha J Farber
The oral examination has been an integral part of certification by the American Board of Ophthalmology (ABO) since its founding in 1916. An overview is provided regarding the history, evolution, and application of new technology for the oral examination. This part of the certifying process allows the ABO to assess candidates for a variety of competencies, including communication skills and professionalism.
September 2016: Ophthalmology
Irene Tamí-Maury, Aditya J Wagh, Nathalie E Abou Khalil, Ellen R Gritz, Mark S Chambers
OBJECTIVE: To examine practices of dentists in Texas providing dental/oral care to cancer patients. METHOD: Dental providers in Texas were invited via email to participate in an exploratory cross-sectional study. A non-probability voluntary convenience sampling procedure was used to recruit the sample. The online, anonymous, self-reported survey included questions to capture demographics, type of dental practice, services provided, and number of cancer patients...
June 2016: Texas Dental Journal
Erica C Dun, Serena Wong, Nisha A Lakhi, Ceana H Nehzat
OBJECTIVE: To report the medical and surgical management of a rare case of recurrent moss-like endometriosis and associated hemorrhagic ascites. DESIGN: Video description of the case, demonstration of the surgical technique, discussion of the histology, and review of endometriosis-associated ascites. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENT(S): A 26-year-old nulliparous woman of Nigerian heritage with recurrent hemorrhagic ascites due to endometriosis...
August 16, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
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