keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Oral boards

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914987/tetrabromobisphenol-a-activates-the-hepatic-interferon-pathway-in-rats
#1
J K Dunnick, D L Morgan, S A Elmore, K Gerrish, A Pandiri, T V Ton, K R Shockley, B A Merrick
Tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) is a widely used flame retardant in printed circuit boards, paper, and textiles. In a two-year study, TBBPA showed evidence of uterine tumors in female Wistar-Han rats and liver and colon tumors in B6C3F1 mice. In order to gain further insight into early gene and pathway changes leading to cancer, we exposed female Wistar Han rats to TBBPA at 0, 25, 250, or 1000mg/kg (oral gavage in corn oil, 5X/week) for 13 weeks. Because at the end of the TBBPA exposure period, there were no treatment-related effects on body weights, liver or uterus lesions, and liver and uterine organ weights were within 10% of controls, only the high dose animals were analyzed...
November 30, 2016: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913762/aspen-felanpe-clinical-guidelines-nutrition-support-of-adult-patients-with-enterocutaneous-fistula
#2
Vanessa J Kumpf, Jose Eduardo de Aguilar-Nascimento, Jose Ignacio Diaz-Pizarro Graf, Amber M Hall, Liam McKeever, Ezra Steiger, Marion F Winkler, Charlene W Compher
BACKGROUND: The management of patients with enterocutaneous fistula (ECF) requires an interdisciplinary approach and poses a significant challenge to physicians, wound/stoma care specialists, dietitians, pharmacists, and other nutrition clinicians. Guidelines for optimizing nutrition status in these patients are often vague, based on limited and dated clinical studies, and typically rely on individual institutional or clinician experience. Specific nutrient requirements, appropriate route of feeding, role of immune-enhancing formulas, and use of somatostatin analogues in the management of patients with ECF are not well defined...
December 2, 2016: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913659/formative-research-using-a-community-based-participatory-research-approach-to-develop-an-oral-health-intervention-for-migrant-mexican-families
#3
Tracy L Finlayson, Padideh Asgari, Lisa Hoffman, Ana Palomo-Zerfas, Martha Gonzalez, Nannette Stamm, Maria-Isabel Rocha, Arcela Nunez-Alvarez
Oral health is a leading unmet health need among migrant families. This article describes the 1-year, community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach employed to plan and develop a Líder Communitario (lay community health worker)-led educational intervention for Mexican migrant adult caregivers and their families in three underserved, remote communities in North San Diego County, California. Four partner organizations collaborated, reviewed existing oral health curricula, and sought extensive input on educational topics and research design from key informants, migrant caregivers, and Líderes Communitarios...
December 1, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884802/association-between-flexible-duty-hour-policies-and-general-surgery-resident-examination-performance-a-flexibility-in-duty-hour-requirement-for-surgical-trainees-first-trial-analysis
#4
Eddie Blay, D Brock Hewitt, Jeanette W Chung, Thomas Biester, James F Fiore, Allison R Dahlke, Christopher M Quinn, Frank R Lewis, Karl Y Bilimoria
BACKGROUND: Concerns persist about the effect of current duty hour reforms on resident educational outcomes. We investigated whether a flexible, less-restrictive duty hour policy (Flexible Policy) was associated with differential general surgery examination performance compared to current Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) duty hour policy (Standard Policy). STUDY DESIGN: We obtained examination scores on the American Board of Surgery (ABS) In-Training Examination (ABSITE), Qualifying Examination (QE, written boards), and Certifying Examination (CE, oral boards) for residents in 117 general surgery residency programs that participated in the Flexibility In Duty Hour Requirements for Surgical Trainees (FIRST) Trial...
November 8, 2016: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866725/common-attributes-of-high-low-performing-general-surgery-programs-as-they-relate-to-qe-ce-pass-rates
#5
Brittany Bankhead-Kendall, Eliza Slama, Michael S Truitt
PURPOSE: This comparative study aims to identify the differences between high and low performing programs as defined by their ABS board pass rates. METHODS: We identified programs in the top 5% (TP) and lower 5% (LP) for 1st time QE/CE pass rates during the study period with resident and program related variables. All data was pooled and analyzed. RESULTS: TP had more U.S. graduates, higher average USMLE Step 1/2 scores, and all residents took the exam within a year of graduation...
October 21, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824287/interview-with-david-j-brayden
#6
David J Brayden
David Brayden speaks to Hannah Makin, Commissioning Editor: David Brayden is a Full Professor (Advanced Drug Delivery) at the School of Veterinary Medicine, University College Dublin (UCD) and also a Fellow of the UCD Conway Institute. Following a PhD in Pharmacology at the University of Cambridge, UK (1989), and a postdoctoral research fellowship at Stanford University, CA, USA, he set up Elan Biotechnology Research's in vitro pharmacology laboratory in Dublin (1991). At Elan, he became a senior scientist and project manager of several of Elan's joint-venture drug delivery research collaborations with US biotech companies...
November 8, 2016: Therapeutic Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811873/new-board-will-focus-on-child-oral-health
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 4, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806383/transplacental-passage-of-acetaminophen-in-term-pregnancy
#8
Joshua F Nitsche, Avinash S Patil, Loralie J Langman, Hannah J Penn, Douglas Derleth, William J Watson, Brian C Brost
Objective The objective of this study was to determine the maternal and fetal pharmacokinetic (PK) profiles of acetaminophen after administration of a therapeutic oral dose. Study Design After obtaining Institutional Review Board approval and their written informed consent, pregnant women were given a single oral dose (1,000 mg) of acetaminophen upon admission for scheduled cesarean delivery. Maternal venous blood and fetal cord blood were obtained at the time of delivery and acetaminophen levels were measured using gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy...
November 2, 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798039/integration-of-oral-health-into-primary-care-a-scoping-review-protocol
#9
Elham Emami, Hermina Harnagea, Felix Girard, Anne Charbonneau, René Voyer, Christophe Pierre Bedos, Martin Chartier, John Wootton, Yves Couturier
INTRODUCTION: Integrated care has been introduced as a means of improving health outcomes and access to care, and reducing the cost of healthcare. Despite its importance, the integration of oral health into primary care is still an emerging healthcare pathway. This scoping review protocol has been developed and funded by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research to provide an evidence-based synthesis on a primary oral healthcare approach and its effectiveness in improving oral health outcomes...
October 18, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798034/rationale-and-design-of-platelet-transfusions-in-haematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-the-path-pilot-study
#10
Jason Tay, David Allan, Sara Beattie, Christopher Bredeson, Dean Fergusson, Dawn Maze, Mitchell Sabloff, Kednapa Thavorn, Alan Tinmouth
INTRODUCTION: In patients with transient thrombocytopenia being treated with high-dose chemotherapy followed by stem cell rescue-haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), prophylactic transfusions are standard therapy to prevent bleeding. However, a recent multicentre trial suggests that prophylactic platelet transfusions in HSCT may not be necessary. Additionally, the potential overuse of platelet products places a burden on a scarce healthcare resource. Moreover, the benefit of prophylactic platelet transfusions to prevent clinically relevant haemorrhage is debatable...
October 24, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790577/hemostasis-and-post-operative-care-of-oral-surgical-wounds-by-hemcon-dental-dressing-in-patients-on-oral-anticoagulant-therapy-a-split-mouth-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#11
K R Ashok Kumar, Jambukeshwar Kumar, Jagadesh Sarvagna, Praveen Gadde, Shwetha Chikkaboriah
INTRODUCTION: Hemostasis is a fundamental management issue post-operatively in minor oral surgical procedures. To ensure safety and therapeutic efficacy in patients, under oral anti coagulant therapy, is complicated by necessity for frequent determination of prothrombin time or international normalised ratio. AIM: The aim of the study was to determine whether early hemostasis achieved by using Hemcon Dental Dressing (HDD) will affect post-operative care and surgical healing outcome in minor oral surgical procedures...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776098/single-dose-adductor-canal-block-with-local-infiltrative-analgesia-compared-with-local-infiltrate-analgesia-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#12
Antoun Nader, Mark C Kendall, David W Manning, Matthew Beal, Rohit Rahangdale, Robert Dekker, Gildasio S De Oliveira, Eric Kamenetsky, Robert J McCarthy
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A single-dose adductor canal block can provide postoperative analgesia for patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The purpose of this study was to assess postoperative opioid consumption after ultrasound-guided single-injection bupivacaine compared with saline adductor canal block for patients undergoing TKA. METHODS: After institutional review board approval, written informed consent was obtained from patients (>18 years old) undergoing elective TKA...
November 2016: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770304/involvement-of-monoaminergic-systems-in-anxiolytic-and-antidepressive-activities-of-the-standardized-extract-of-cocos-nucifera-l
#13
Eliane Brito Cortez Lima, Caren Nádia Soares de Sousa, Lucas Nascimento Meneses, Yuri Freitas E Silva Pereira, Natália Castelo Branco Matos, Rayanne Brito de Freitas, Nycole Brito Cortez Lima, Manoel Cláudio Azevedo Patrocínio, Luzia Kalyne Almeida Moreira Leal, Glauce Socorro Barros Viana, Silvânia Maria Mendes Vasconcelos
Extracts from the husk fiber of Cocos nucifera are used in folk medicine, but their actions on the central nervous system have not been studied. Here, the anxiolytic and antidepressant effects of the standardized hydroalcoholic extract of C. nucifera husk fiber (HECN) were evaluated. Male Swiss mice were treated with HECN (50, 100, or 200 mg/kg) 60 min before experiments involving the plus maze test, hole-board test, tail suspension test, and forced swimming test (FST). HECN was administered orally (p.o.) in acute and repeated-dose treatments...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695258/in-vivo-study-on-depressant-effects-and-muscle-coordination-activity-of-galphimia-glauca-stem-methanol-extract
#14
Baba Shankar Rao Garige, Srisailam Keshetti, Uma Maheshwara Rao Vattikuti
BACKGROUND: Galphimia glauca is an evergreen shrub found across peninsular India, belonging to family Malpighiaceae. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the in vivo depressant effects and muscle coordination activity of G. glauca stem methanol extract (GGSME). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The stem methanol extract was administered in Swiss albino mice in 1 day to study the central nervous system (CNS) depressant and muscle coordination activity employing animal models such as sodium pentobarbital-induced sleep test, hole-board test, open field test, pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-induced convulsions, picrotoxin-induced convulsions, grip strengthening test in mice, and Rota-rod test...
October 2016: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692808/surgery-clerkship-evaluations-are-insufficient-for-clinical-skills-appraisal-the-value-of-a-medical-student-surgical-objective-structured-clinical-examination
#15
Kathryn L Butler, David A Hirsh, Emil R Petrusa, D Dante Yeh, Dana Stearns, David E Sloane, Jeffrey A Linder, Gaurab Basu, Lisa A Thompson, Marc A de Moya
OBJECTIVE: Optimal methods for medical student assessment in surgery remain elusive. Faculty- and housestaff-written evaluations constitute the chief means of student assessment in medical education. However, numerous studies show that this approach has poor specificity and a high degree of subjectivity. We hypothesized that an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) in the surgery clerkship would provide additional data on student performance that would confirm or augment other measures of assessment...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688099/oral-cancer-deregulated-molecular-events-and-their-use-as-biomarkers
#16
REVIEW
Nicoleta Sinevici, Jeff O'sullivan
Oral Cancer (OC) is a subset of head and neck cancer (HNC) with an annual worldwide incidence of 275,000 cases. OC remains a significant burden worldwide in terms of diagnosis, treatment and prognosis. Despite desirable outcomes in early diagnosed OCs and treatment advances most OCs are detected in advanced stages. The 5-year survival rate of early-stage disease is ∼80% and that of late-stage disease is only ∼20%. Recurrence and chemoresistance from a treatment point of view and pain and disfiguration are important factors contributing to the high morbidity and mortality of OC...
October 2016: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676664/pulsed-dose-radiofrequency-before-ablation-of-medial-branch-of-the-lumbar-dorsal-ramus-for-zygapophyseal-joint-pain-reduces-post-procedural-pain
#17
David Arsanious, Emmanuel Gage, Jonathon Koning, Mazin Sarhan, Gassan Chaiban, Mohammed Almualim, Joseph Atallah
BACKGROUND: One of the potential side effects with radiofrequency ablation (RFA) includes painful cutaneous dysesthesias and increased pain due to neuritis or neurogenic inflammation. This pain may require the prescription of opioids or non-opioid analgesics to control post-procedural pain and discomfort. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study is to compare post-procedural pain scores and post-procedural oral analgesic use in patients receiving continuous thermal radiofrequency ablation versus patients receiving pulsed dose radiofrequency immediately followed by continuous thermal radiofrequency ablation for zygopophaseal joint disease...
September 2016: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669654/impact-of-anticoagulant-and-antiplatelet-drugs-on-perioperative-outcomes-of-robotic-assisted-partial-nephrectomy
#18
Benjamin Pradere, Benoit Peyronnet, Thomas Seisen, Zineddine Khene, Marina Ruggiero, Christophe Vaessen, Grégory Verhoest, Romain Mathieu, Morgan Roupret, Karim Bensalah
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of therapeutic anticoagulant or antiplatelet on the morbidity of robot assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN). MATERIAL AND METHODS: From 2011 to 2015, we retrospectively analysed a prospectively maintained institutional review board-approved database of RAPN from two academic departments of urology. We evaluated the occurrence of overall complications and hemorrhagic complications (pseudoaneurysm, arterio- venous fistula, hematoma, transfusion)...
September 23, 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664877/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-a-mock-oral-educational-program
#19
Laura E Fischer, Mara Snyder, Sarah A Sullivan, Eugene F Foley, Jacob A Greenberg
BACKGROUND: To obtain board certification, the American Board of Surgery requires graduates of general surgery training programs to pass both the written qualifying examination (QE) and the oral certifying examination (CE). In 2015, the pass rates for the QE and CE were 80% and 77%, respectively. In the 2011-2012 academic year, the University of Wisconsin instituted a mandatory, faculty-led, monthly CE preparation educational program (CE prep) as a supplement to their existing annual mock oral examination...
October 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663083/sequential-participation-in-a-multi-institutional-mock-oral-examination-is-associated-with-improved-american-board-of-surgery-certifying-examination-first-time-pass-rate
#20
REVIEW
Abbey L Fingeret, Tracey Arnell, John McNelis, Mindy Statter, Lisa Dresner, Warren Widmann
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine whether sequential participation in a multi-institutional mock oral examination affected the likelihood of passing the American Board of Surgery Certifying Examination (ABSCE) in first attempt. DESIGN: Residents from 3 academic medical centers were able to participate in a regional mock oral examination in the fall and spring of their fourth and fifth postgraduate year from 2011 to 2014. Candidate׳s highest composite score of all mock orals attempts was classified as risk for failure, intermediate, or likely to pass...
November 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
keyword
keyword
57617
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"