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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749556/andrographolide-affects-th1-th2-th17-responses-of-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-from-ulcerative-colitis-patients
#1
Qin Zhu, Peifen Zheng, Jianying Zhou, Xinyu Chen, Yuliang Feng, Weifeng Wang, Feng Zhou, Qiaona He
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic, idiopathic, inflammatory bowel disease of the colon. T cell responses have been associated with the pathology of UC. Andrographis paniculata (AP) extract has been previously reported as an effective treatment of UC. The present study aimed to explore the effects of andrographolide, the primary active component of AP, on the T cell responses of patients with UC. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were isolated from patients with UC and treated with various concentrations of andrographolide (0, 10, 20 and 30 µg/ml)...
May 8, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710865/screening-and-identification-for-immunological-active-components-from-andrographis-herba-using-macrophage-biospecific-extraction-coupled-with-uplc-q-tof-ms
#2
Yaqi Wang, Jiaojiao Jiao, Yuanzhen Yang, Ming Yang, Qin Zheng
The method of cell biospecific extraction coupled with UPLC/Q-TOF-MS has been developed as a tool for the screening and identification of potential immunological active components from Andrographis Herba (AH). In our study, a macrophage cell line (RAW264.7) was used to extract cell-combining compounds from the ethanol extract of AH. The cell binding system was then analyzed and identified by UPLC/Q-TOF-MS analysis. Finally, nine compounds, which could combine with macrophages, in an ethanol extract of AH were detected by comparing basic peak intensity (BPI) profiles of macrophages before and after treatment with AH...
April 30, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672044/andrographolide-antagonizes-tnf-%C3%AE-induced-il-8-via-inhibition-of-nadph-oxidase-ros-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-src-mapks-ap-1-axis-in-human-colorectal-cancer-hct116-cells
#3
Miaomiao Yuan, Wei Meng, Wenzhen Liao, Sen Lian
Andrographis paniculata Nees is used as a functional food in Japan, Korea, India and China. Andrographolide, a naturally occurring phytochemical identified in Andrographis paniculata, has been discovered to present anti-inflammatory and anticancer activities. Highly expressed of interleukin (IL-8) has been detected in colorectal cancer and is implicated in angiogenesis. However, the effect and molecular mechanisms of IL-8 expression by andrographolide remain obscure in human colorectal cancer cells. The present study was aimed to investigate the effects of andrographolide on TNF-α-induced IL-8 expression and its underlying mechanisms...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593773/sequencing-and-analysis-of-strobilanthes-cusia-nees-kuntze-chloroplast-genome-revealed-the-rare-simultaneous-contraction-and-expansion-of-the-inverted-repeat-region-in-angiosperm
#4
Haimei Chen, Junjie Shao, Hui Zhang, Mei Jiang, Linfang Huang, Zhao Zhang, Dan Yang, Molly He, Mostafa Ronaghi, Xi Luo, Botao Sun, Wuwei Wu, Chang Liu
Ban-Lan-Gen, the root tissues derived from several morphologically indistinguishable plant species, have been used widely in traditional Chinese medicines for numerous years. The identification of reliable markers to distinguish various source plant species is critical for the effective and safe use of products containing Ban-Lan-Gen. Here, we analyzed and characterized the complete chloroplast (cp) genome sequence of Strobilanthes cusia (Nees) Kuntze to identify high-resolution markers for the species determination of Southern Ban-Lan-Gen...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577460/gene-expression-profiling-reveals-the-plausible-mechanisms-underlying-the-antitumor-and-antimetastasis-effects-of-andrographis-paniculata-in-esophageal-cancer
#5
Lin Li, Grace Gar-Lee Yue, Julia Kin-Ming Lee, Eric Chun-Wai Wong, Kwok-Pui Fung, Jun Yu, Clara Bik-San Lau, Philip Wai-Yan Chiu
Esophageal cancer (EC) is a seriously invasive malignancy with high mortality and poor prognosis. Metastasis of EC is the major cause of mortality. Our studies previously demonstrated that a herbal medicine Andrographis paniculata (AP) significantly suppressed EC growth and metastasis in vitro and in vivo. However, the underlying mechanisms responsible for these effects have not yet been systematically elucidated. In this context, gene expression profiling of AP-treated squamous EC cells (EC-109) was performed to reveal the regulatory mechanisms of AP in antitumor and antimetastasis signaling pathways using gene expression microarray analysis...
March 26, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560544/anti-cancer-labdane-diterpenoids-from-adventitious-roots-of-andrographis-paniculata-augmentation-of-production-prospect-endowed-with-pathway-gene-expression
#6
Sailendra Singh, Pallavi Pandey, Sumit Ghosh, Suchitra Banerjee
Andrographolide (AD) is the time-honoured pharmacologically active constituent of the traditionally renowned medicinal plant-Andrographis paniculata. Advancements in the target-oriented drug discovery process have further unravelled the immense therapeutic credibility of another unique molecule-neoandrographolide (NAD). The escalated market demand of these anti-cancer diterpenes is increasingly facing unrelenting hurdles of demand and supply disparity, attributable to their limited yield. Callus and adventitious root cultures were generated to explore their biosynthetic potentials which first time revealed NAD production along with AD...
March 20, 2018: Protoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552849/-cloning-and-functional-identification-of-a-new-nadph-cytochrome-p450-reductase-in-andrographis-paniculata
#7
Meng-Die Qi, Jian Wang, Xiao-Jing Ma, Quan Zhang, Fang-Fang Wang, Ying Kang, Hui-Xin Lin, Yong Liu
Andrographolide is a main active ingredient in traditional Chinese medicine Andrographis paniculata,with a variety of pharmacological activity,widely used in clinical practice. However its biosynthetic pathway has not been resolved. Cytochrome P450 reductase provides electrons for CYP450 and plays an important role in the CYP450 catalytic process. In this study,the coding sequence of A. paniculata CPR was screened and cloned by homologous alignment,named ApCPR4. The ApCPR4 protein was obtained by prokaryotic expression...
January 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552170/andrographolide-inhibits-proliferation-and-induces-cell-cycle-arrest-and-apoptosis-in-human-melanoma-cells
#8
Guo Liu, Haihan Chu
Andrographolide (Andro), a natural compound isolated from Andrographis paniculata , has been demonstrated to have anticancer efficacy in several types of tumors. In the present study, the anticancer effects and mechanism of Andro in human malignant melanoma were investigated. Cell viability analysis was performed using an MTT assay and the effect of Andro on the cell cycle and apoptosis of human malignant melanoma cells was determined by flow cytometry. Western blot analysis was performed to evaluate the protein expression levels of human malignant melanoma cells following treatment with Andro...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518743/andrographolide-suppresses-trif-dependent-signaling-of-toll-like-receptors-by-targeting-tbk1
#9
Ah-Yeon Kim, Hyun-Jin Shim, Hyeon-Myeong Shin, Yoo Jung Lee, Hyeonjeong Nam, Su Yeon Kim, Hyung-Sun Youn
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play a crucial role in danger recognition and induction of innate immune response against bacterial and viral infections. The TLR adaptor molecule, toll-interleukin-1 receptor domain-containing adapter inducing interferon-β (TRIF), facilitates TLR3 and TLR4 signaling, leading to the activation of the transcription factor, NF-κB and interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF3). Andrographolide, the active component of Andrographis paniculata, exerts anti-inflammatory effects; however, the principal molecular mechanisms remain unclear...
April 2018: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511440/andrographolide-presents-therapeutic-effect-on-ulcerative-colitis-through-the-inhibition-of-il-23-il-17-axis
#10
Qin Zhu, Peifen Zheng, Xinyu Chen, Feng Zhou, Qiaona He, Yuefeng Yang
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic and nonspecific intestinal inflammatory disease, which may increase the risk of colon cancer. Andrographolide is a main active component of Andrographis paniculata . The anti-inflammatory ability of andrographolide suggested its potential therapeutic effect against UC. In the present study, elevated serum concentrations of proinflammatory factors, including (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6 and IL-23, as well as increased percentages of Th17 cells (IL-17+CD4+ cells) in CD4+ cells were detected in UC patients compared to that in healthy donors...
2018: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495650/in-vitro-antimicrobial-activity-of-gel-containing-the-herbal-ball-extract-against-propionibacterium-acnes
#11
Chutima Jantarat, Pornpak Sirathanarun, Tatsanee Chuchue, Atthaphon Konpian, Gorawit Sukkua, Prutthicha Wongprasert
The herbal ball has been used as a Thai traditional medicine for relieving many diseases including acne. However, the application process of the herbal ball in practice is complicated and time consuming. The objective of this work was to utilize an herbal ball extract to formulate a gel to reach a more favorable use of the herbal ball for acne treatment. An herbal ball consisting of Andrographis paniculata , Centella asiatica , the Benchalokawichian remedy and the stem bark powder of Hesperethusa crenulata was prepared...
February 28, 2018: Scientia Pharmaceutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477305/a-metabolomic-approach-to-identify-anti-hepatocarcinogenic-compounds-from-plants-used-traditionally-in-the-treatment-of-liver-diseases
#12
François Chassagne, Mohamed Haddad, Aurélien Amiel, Chiobouaphong Phakeovilay, Chanthanom Manithip, Geneviève Bourdy, Eric Deharo, Guillaume Marti
Liver cancer is a major health burden in Southeast Asia, and most patients turn towards the use of medicinal plants to alleviate their symptoms. The aim of this work was to apply to Southeast Asian plants traditionally used to treat liver disorders, a successive ranking strategy based on a comprehensive review of the literature and metabolomic data in order to relate ethnopharmacological relevance to chemical entities of interest. We analyzed 45 publications resulting in a list of 378 plant species, and our point system based on the frequency of citation in the literature allowed the selection of 10 top ranked species for further collection and extraction...
February 23, 2018: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475585/regioselective-and-efficient-enzymatic-synthesis-of-antimicrobial-andrographolide-derivatives
#13
Harshal S Patil, Dipesh D Jadhav, Ajay Paul, Fayaj A Mulani, Shrikant J Karegaonkar, Hirekodathakallu V Thulasiram
Labdane diterpene andrographolide (1) is a major constituent of Andrographis paniculata and known to exhibit wide spectrum of biological activities. In this study, regioselective monoesters of (1) have been synthesized by using Amano lipase AK (Pseudomonas fluorescens) as a biocatalyst. Amano lipase AK was able to execute highly efficient esterification of hydroxyl group attached to C-14 carbon of (1) in presence of acyl donors. Among the various synthesized derivatives including two novel compounds such as andrographolide-14-propionate (3) and andrographolide-14-caproate (5) displayed antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus with low minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) 4 µg/mL and 16 µg/mL respectively...
April 1, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475099/andrographolide-derivative-cx-10-ameliorates-dextran-sulphate-sodium-induced-ulcerative-colitis-in-mice-involvement-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-mapk-signalling-pathways
#14
Zhenfang Gao, Cuicui Yu, Haiyue Liang, Xuekai Wang, Yue Liu, Xin Li, Kai Ji, Hui Xu, Mingyan Yang, Ke Liu, Dong Qi, Huaying Fan
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which is characterized by chronic intestinal inflammation and leads to an increased risk of colon cancer. There are many studies using phyto-ingredients as a novel approach for the treatment of UC. The plant Andrographis paniculata (Acanthaceae) is a safe and edible vegetable that has been extensively adopted in traditional Chinese medicine for conditions involving inflammation, and the most active phytochemical agent is andrographolide...
April 2018: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455732/morphological-and-chemical-studies-of-artificial-andrographis-paniculata-polyploids
#15
Qi-Qing Li, Jian Zhang, Ji-Hua Liu, Bo-Yang Yu
Andrographis paniculata (Burm. f.) Nees (AP) is commonly used for the treatment of many infectious diseases and has been cultivated widely in Asian countries, and has been included in United States Pharmacopoeia as a dietary supplement, but the cultivars of A. paniculata are not abundant due to its self-pollinated. With the aims to enrich AP resources and provide materials for after breeding we explored the polyploidy induction. Different explants, colchicine concentration, and treatment time were tested. After identification by flow cytometry, eleven polyploid plants with different morphologic traits were obtained...
February 2018: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436988/binding-studies-of-andrographolide-with-human-serum-albumin-molecular-docking-chromatographic-and-spectroscopic-studies
#16
Deepika Godugu, Karuna Rupula, Sashidhar Rao Beedu
Andrographolide, sourced from Andrographis paniculata, is an established therapeutic agent with variety of pharmacological properties in treatment of various diseases. The present study is designed to evaluate the interaction and binding affinity of andrographolide with HSA by docking and spectral studies. The docking study for screening the interaction of andrographolide with HSA protein was carried out using Auto Dock Vina software and the binding score of andrographolide was -8.7 kcal mol-1 and formed one hydrogen bond with Arg 218 residue of HSA in sub-domains IIA region...
February 11, 2018: Protein and Peptide Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408515/andrographolide-a-diterpene-lactone-from-andrographis-paniculata-and-its-therapeutic-promises-in-cancer
#17
Muhammad Torequl Islam, Eunüs S Ali, Shaikh Jamal Uddin, Md Amirul Islam, Subrata Shaw, Ishaq N Khan, Seyed Soheil Saeedi Saravi, Saheem Ahmad, Shahnawaz Rehman, Vijai Kumar Gupta, Mihnea-Alexandru Găman, Amelia Maria Găman, Santosh Yele, Asish Kumar Das, João Marcelo de Castro E Sousa, Sandra Maria Mendes de Moura Dantas, Hercília Maria Lins Rolim, Ana Amélia de Carvalho Melo-Cavalcante, Mohammad S Mubarak, Nagendra Sastry Yarla, Jamil A Shilpi, Siddhartha Kumar Mishra, Atanas G Atanasov, Mohammad Amjad Kamal
The diterpene lactone andrographolide, isolated from Andrographis paniculata, has been proven to possess several important protective biological activities, including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, antiseptic, antimicrobial, cytotoxic, hypolipidemic, cardioprotective, hepatoprotective, and neuroprotective effects. In addition, it has been reported to play a therapeutic role in the treatment of major human diseases, such as Parkinson's disease, rheumatoid arthritis, and colitis. This systematic review aims to highlight andrographolide as a promising agent in cancer treatment...
April 28, 2018: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385888/andrographolide-relieved-pathological-pain-generated-by-spared-nerve-injury-model-in-mice
#18
Huang-Chi Wang, Hsin-Sheng Tsay, Hui-Nung Shih, Yi-An Chen, Kai-Ming Chang, Dinesh Chandra Agrawal, Siendong Huang, Yi-Lo Lin, Meng-Jen Lee
CONTEXT: Andrographolide (Andro), found in large quantities in Andrographis paniculata Nees (Acanthaceae), is anti-inflammatory, especially in the central nervous system (CNS) glia. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to test Andro's ability to reduce allodynia in a spared nerve injury model. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Male 30 g BalbC mice were divided into four groups: (1) Sham-operated control (Sham-group); (2) nerve injured and treated with saline (Saline-group); (3) nerve injured and treated with Andro (Andro-group); (4) nerve injured and treated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) (NSAIDS-group)...
December 2018: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372338/screening-for-cytotoxic-chemical-constituents-from-justicia-procumbens-by-hplc-dad-esi-ms-and-nmr
#19
Bo Liu, Yanfang Yang, Hongbin Liu, Zhoutao Xie, Qun Li, Meng Deng, Fangping Li, Jingling Peng, Hezhen Wu
BACKGROUND: The Acanthaceae family is an important source of therapeutic drugs and ethno medicines. There are many famous medicinal plants from this family, such as Andrographis paniculata, Baphicacanthus cusia, and Dicliptera chinensis. Justicia procumbens (J. procumbens) is widely distributed in tropical and sub-tropical of the world. It has long been used in traditional Chinese medicine for cancer. The 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay showed the ethyl acetate extract of J...
January 25, 2018: Chemistry Central Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298513/andrographolide-inhibits-oxidized-ldl-induced-cholesterol-accumulation-and-foam-cell-formation-in-macrophages
#20
Hung-Chih Lin, Chong-Kuei Lii, Hui-Chun Chen, Ai-Hsuan Lin, Ya-Chen Yang, Haw-Wen Chen
oxLDL is involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerotic lesions through cholesterol accumulation in macrophage foam cells. Andrographolide, the bioactive component of Andrographis paniculata, possesses several biological activities such as anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, and anticancer functions. Scavenger receptors (SRs), including class A SR (SR-A) and CD36, are responsible for the internalization of oxLDL. In contrast, receptors for reverse cholesterol transport, including ABCA1 and ABCG1, mediate the efflux of cholesterol from macrophage foam cells...
2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
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