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Andrographis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918484/drug-herb-interactions-in-the-elderly-patient-with-ibd-a-growing-concern
#1
REVIEW
Haider Rahman, Marina Kim, Galen Leung, Jesse A Green, Seymour Katz
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which includes conditions such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, is becoming more prevalent with the elderly being the fastest growing group. Parallel to this, there is an increasing interest in the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Nearly half of patients with IBD have used CAM at one time. The elderly patients, however, are burdened by comorbid conditions, polypharmacy, and altered functional status. With increasing use of complementary and alternative medicine in our elderly patients with IBD, it is vital for the provider to provide counsel on drug-herb potential interactions...
September 16, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916855/green-approach-for-synthesis-of-zinc-oxide-nanoparticles-from-andrographis-paniculata-leaf-extract-and-evaluation-of-their-antioxidant-anti-diabetic-and-anti-inflammatory-activities
#2
Govindasamy Rajakumar, Muthu Thiruvengadam, Govindarasu Mydhili, Thandapani Gomathi, Ill-Min Chung
Bio-mediated synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) was carried out by utilizing the reducing and capping potential of Andrographis paniculata leaf extract. The capped ZnO NPs were characterized using UV-Vis, XRD, FTIR, SEM, TEM and SAED analyses. FTIR analysis suggested the role of phenolic compounds, terpenoids, and proteins of A. paniculata leaf extract, in nucleation and stability of ZnO NPs. XRD pattern compared with the standard confirmed spectrum of zinc oxide particles formed in the present experiments were in the form of nanocrystals, as evidenced by the peaks at 2θ values...
September 15, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898904/the-protective-effect-of-the-ethanol-leaf-extract-of-andrographis-paniculata-on-cisplatin-induced-acute-kidney-injury-in-rats-through-nrf2-kim-1-signalling-pathway
#3
Bisi Olajumoke Adeoye, Ebunoluwa Racheal Asenuga, Ademola Adetokunbo Oyagbemi, Temidayo Olutayo Omobowale, Adeolu A Adedapo
The ethanol leaf extract of Andrographis paniculata was used to ameliorate the renal toxicity induced by cisplatin in 28 rats divided into four groups of seven rats per group. Group A received normal saline for the duration of the experiment. Group B animals were treated with cisplatin (10 mg/kg i.p) on day 1 and 3 days after received normal saline for the next 7 days while groups C and D animals also received 10 mg/kg dose of cisplatin on day 1 but after 3 days were then respectively treated with 200 and 400 mg/kg doses of the extract of Andrographis paniculata for the remaining 7 days through oral administration...
September 12, 2017: Drug Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889969/andrographolide-inhibits-influenza-a-virus-induced-inflammation-in-a-murine-model-through-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-jak-stat-signaling-pathway
#4
Yi Ding, Lizhu Chen, Wenjiao Wu, Jie Yang, Zifeng Yang, Shuwen Liu
Influenza viruses, the main cause of respiratory tract diseases, cause high morbidity and mortality in humans. Excessive inflammation in the lungs is proposed to be a hallmark for the severe influenza virus infection, especially influenza A virus infection. Strategies against inflammation induced by influenza A virus infection could be a potential anti-influenza therapy. Here, lethal dose of mouse-adapted H1N1 strain PR8A/PR/8/34 was inoculated C57BL/6 mice to detect the anti-influenza activity of andrographolide, the active component of traditional Chinese medicinal herb Andrographis paniculata, with or without influenza virus entry inhibitor CL-385319...
September 7, 2017: Microbes and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878680/andrographolide-a-new-hope-in-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-metabolic-syndrome
#5
REVIEW
Muhammad T Islam
Recently, the use of plant-derived medicines is increasing interest in the prevention and treatment of a variety of disorders including metabolic syndromes. Metabolic syndrome is one of the major risk factors for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and incidence of mortality worldwide. Scientific evidence suggests that Andrographis paniculata and its derived components, especially andrographolide (AGL) and its analogs/derivatives have a broad spectrum of biological activities. This review aims to sketch the activity of AGL and its analogs/derivatives against the components of metabolic syndromes such as diabetes, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, and obesity...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870345/mechanism-of-antagonistic-effects-of-andrographis-paniculata-methanolic-extract-against-staphylococcus-aureus
#6
Roslinah Mohamad Hussain, Zayan Nabilah Rasyidah Abd Razak, Wan Mazlina Md Saad, Maimunah Mustakim
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of Andrographis paniculata (Burm.f.) Wall. Ex Nees (A. paniculata) on expressions and activities of catalase, superoxide dismutase and alkylhydroperoxide reductase C in Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) with respect to its survival in vitro. METHODS: Antioxidative property of methanolic leaves extract of A. paniculata (0.06 mg/mL). Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was determined by its ability to reduce hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) toxicity against S...
July 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863380/effect-of-two-andrographolide-derivatives-on-cellular-and-rodent-models-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#7
Erenius Toppo, S Sylvester Darvin, S Esakkimuthu, Mahesh Kumar Nayak, K Balakrishna, K Sivasankaran, P Pandikumar, S Ignacimuthu, N A Al-Dhabi
The prevalence of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) is increasing and there is an increasing interest in natural products to treat NAFLD. This study aimed to evaluate the hepatoprotective effect of andrographolide and two of its derivatives; in one the OH group at C-14 was removed and in the other OH groups at C-3 and C-19 were protected. Andrographolide (AN) was isolated from the aerial parts of Andrographis paniculata Wall. Isoandrographolide (IAN) and 3,19-acetonylidene andrographolide (ANA) were derivatized from AN...
August 29, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858244/andrographolide-suppresses-mv4-11-cell-proliferation-through-the-inhibition-of-flt3-signaling-fatty-acid-synthesis-and-cellular-iron-uptake
#8
Xiao Chen, Jianbin Zhang, Lixia Yuan, Yifei Lay, Yin Kwan Wong, Teck Kwang Lim, Chye Sun Ong, Qingsong Lin, Jigang Wang, Zichun Hua
Background: Andrographolide (ADR), the main active component of Andrographis paniculata, displays anticancer activity in various cancer cell lines, among which leukemia cell lines exhibit the highest sensitivity to ADR. In particular, ADR was also reported to have reduced drug resistance in multidrug resistant cell lines. However, the mechanism of action (MOA) of ADR's anticancer and anti-drug-resistance activities remain elusive. Methods: In this study, we used the MV4-11 cell line, a FLT3 positive acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell line that displays multidrug resistance, as our experimental system...
August 31, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822167/-european-union-regulatory-and-quality-requirements-for-botanical-drugs-and-their-implications-for-chinese-herbal-medicinal-products-development
#9
You-Ping Zhu
This paper introduces regulatory pathways and characteristic quality requirements for marketing authorization of herbal medicinal products in the European Union(EU), and the legal status and applications of "European Union list of herbal substances, preparations and combinations" and "European Union herbal monographs". Also introduced are Chinese herbs that have been granted the EU list entry, those with EU herbal monographs, and registered EU traditional herbal medicinal products with Chinese herbs as active ingredients...
June 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808386/in-vitro-inhibitory-effects-of-andrographis-paniculata-gynura-procumbens-ficus-deltoidea-and-curcuma-xanthorrhiza-extracts-and-constituents-on-human-liver-glucuronidation-activity
#10
Zulhilmi Husni, Sabariah Ismail, Mohd Halimhilmi Zulkiffli, Atiqah Afandi, Munirah Haron
BACKGROUND: Andrographis paniculata, Gynura procumbens, Ficus deltoidea and Curcuma xanthorrhiza are commonly consumed as herbal medicines. However their effects on human liver glucuronidation activity are not yet evaluated. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we evaluate the inhibitory Effects of Andrographis paniculata, Gynura procumbens, Ficus deltoidea and Curcuma xanthorrhiza extracts and their constituents on human liver glucuronidation activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Herbal extracts (aqueous, methanolic and ethanolic extracts) and their constituents were incubated with human liver microsomes with the addition of UDPGA to initiate the reaction...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807157/antiinflammatory-and-hepatoprotective-medicinal-herbs-as-potential-substitutes-for-bear-bile
#11
Sandra Appiah, Mike Revitt, Huw Jones, Milan Vu, Monique Simmonds, Celia Bell
Practitioners of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) commonly prescribe medicinal formulations relying on the purported synergism of a combination of plant species, sometimes incorporating animal parts and minerals. Bear bile, obtained from either wild or farmed bears, is a commonly used constituent of traditional medicine formulations. With several bear species now listed under Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora as threatened with extinction and with bear farming being actively campaigned against on ethical grounds, it is important to seek and promote alternatives to the use of bear bile as medicine...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783743/andrographis-paniculata-chu%C3%A4-n-x%C3%A4-n-li%C3%A3-n-for-symptomatic-relief-of-acute-respiratory-tract-infections-in-adults-and-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Xiao-Yang Hu, Ruo-Han Wu, Martin Logue, Clara Blondel, Lily Yuen Wan Lai, Beth Stuart, Andrew Flower, Yu-Tong Fei, Michael Moore, Jonathan Shepherd, Jian-Ping Liu, George Lewith
INTRODUCTION: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a substantial threat to public health. Safe and effective alternatives are required to reduce unnecessary antibiotic prescribing. Andrographis Paniculata (A. Paniculata, Chuān Xīn Lián) has traditionally been used in Indian and Chinese herbal medicine for cough, cold and influenza, suggesting a role in respiratory tract infections (RTIs). This systematic review aimed to evaluate the clinical effectiveness and safety of A. Paniculata for symptoms of acute RTIs (ARTIs)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755636/one-pot-three-steps-cascade-synthesis-of-novel-isoandrographolide-analogues-and-their-cytotoxic-activity
#13
Teerapich Kasemsuk, Pawinee Piyachaturawat, Rada Bunthawong, Uthaiwan Sirion, Kanoknetr Suksen, Apichart Suksamrarn, Rungnapha Saeeng
An efficient one-pot synthesis of novel andrographolide analogues is reported from a naturally occurring and abundant andrographolide isolated from aerial parts of Andrographis paniculata. Reactions in the one-pot proceed through a cascade epoxide ring opening by aniline derivatives/intramolecular ring closing and oxa-conjugate addition-elimination reactions. This methodology produces a new series of 17-amino-8-epi-isoandrographolide analogues in fair to excellent yields with high stereoselectivity using an economic and environmental procedure without base or catalyst at room temperature...
July 21, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745507/discovery-of-potent-orally-active-protease-activated-receptor-1-par1-antagonists-based-on-andrographolide
#14
Jun Liu, Bin Sun, Xiaoyu Zhao, Jie Xing, Yanhui Gao, Wenqiang Chang, Jianbo Ji, Hongbo Zheng, Changyi Cui, Aiguo Ji, Hongxiang Lou
Protease-activated receptor-1 (PAR1), a G-protein-coupled receptor, plays a critical role in thrombin-mediated platelet aggregation. It is regarded as a promising antithrombosis target that is unlikely to result in bleeding. Here, we describe the synthesis of a series of novel PAR1 antagonists by borrowing the chiral fragment of andrographolide, an easily accessible natural molecule from Andrographis paniculata, to produce natural product/synthesis hybrids. An in vitro PAR1 inhibition assay and an in vivo pharmacokinetic profile led to the identification of compound 39 as the best PAR1 inhibitor...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739368/andrographolide-induces-oxidative-stress-dependent-cell-death-in-unicellular-protozoan-parasite-trypanosoma-brucei
#15
Malabika Banerjee, Debaprasad Parai, Pranab Dhar, Manab Roy, Rajib Barik, Subrata Chattopadhyay, Samir Kumar Mukherjee
African sleeping sickness is a parasitic disease in humans and livestock caused by Trypanosoma brucei throughout sub-Saharan Africa. Absence of appropriate vaccines and prevalence of drug resistance proclaim that a new way of therapeutic interventions is essential against African trypanosomiasis. In the present study, we have looked into the effect of andrographolide (andro), a diterpenoid lactone from Andrographis paiculata on Trypanosoma brucei PRA 380. Although andro has been recognized as a promosing anti-cancer drug, its usefulness against Trypanosoma spp remained unexplored...
July 21, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735448/inhibitory-effects-of-andrographolide-on-activated-macrophages-and-adjuvant-induced-arthritis
#16
Swati Gupta, Kamla Prasad Mishra, Shashi Bala Singh, Lilly Ganju
Andrographolide, a diterpenoid lactone obtained from plant Andrographis paniculata, is used in South Asian countries to relieve various inflammatory symptoms. To study the effects of this agent, the impact of andrographolide on production of inflammatory mediators were delineated in mouse peritoneal macrophages (PMϕ). Inflammatory mediators like nitric oxide (NO), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin-6 and related molecular mechanisms of andrographolide-mediated inhibition of enzymes/transcription factors were studied...
July 22, 2017: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731887/risk-of-anaphylaxis-in-complementary-and-alternative-medicine
#17
Natasha C Gunawardana
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use is widespread across the world. Patients with asthma and allergy regularly use CAM therapies. Allergic and anaphylactic reactions to CAM have been reported. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent attempts to regulate and monitor adverse reaction to these therapies have given us further insight into potential causes of severe allergic reactions. Several culprits identified including Andrographis paniculata, Echinacea species, bee products, Ginkgo biloba and Ginseng are discussed here...
July 20, 2017: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676833/andrographolide-inhibits-inflammatory-cytokines-secretion-in-lps-stimulated-raw264-7-cells-through-suppression-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-mapk-signaling-pathway
#18
Yu Li, Shengnan He, Jishun Tang, Nana Ding, Xiaoyan Chu, Lianping Cheng, Xuedong Ding, Ting Liang, Shibin Feng, Sajid Ur Rahman, Xichun Wang, Jinjie Wu
Andrographolide, the main active component extracted from Andrographis paniculata (Burm.f.) Wall. ex Nees, exerts anti-inflammatory effects; however, the principal molecular mechanisms remain unclear. The objective of this study was to investigate the molecular mechanisms of Andrographolide in modifying lipopolysaccharide- (LPS-) induced signaling pathway in RAW264.7 cells. An in vitro model of inflammation was induced by LPS in mouse RAW264.7 cells in the presence of Andrographolide. The concentration and expression levels of proinflammatory cytokines were determined by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), respectively...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652141/andrographolide-loaded-nanoparticles-for-brain-delivery-formulation-characterisation-and-in-vitro-permeability-using-hcmec-d3-cell-line
#19
Clizia Guccione, Mouhssin Oufir, Vieri Piazzini, Daniela Elisabeth Eigenmann, Evelyn Andrea Jähne, Volha Zabela, Maria Teresa Faleschini, Maria Camilla Bergonzi, Martin Smiesko, Matthias Hamburger, Anna Rita Bilia
Andrographolide (AG) is a major diterpenoid of the Asian medicinal plant Andrographis paniculata which has shown exciting pharmacological potential for the treatment of inflammation-related pathologies including neurodegenerative disorders. Conversely, the low bioavailability of AG still represents a limiting factor for its use. To overcome these limitations, AG was loaded into human serum albumin based nanoparticles (HSA NPs) and poly ethylcyanoacrylate nanoparticles (PECA NPs). HSA NPs were prepared by thermal (HSAT AG NPs) and chemical cross-linking (HSAC AG NPs), while PECA AG NPs were produced by emulsion-polymerization...
October 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651835/andrographolide-reduced-vegfa-expression-in-hepatoma-cancer-cells-by-inactivating-hif-1%C3%AE-the-involvement-of-jnk-and-mta1-hdca
#20
Liang Shi, Guoqing Zhang, Zhiyong Zheng, Bin Lu, Lili Ji
Andrographolide (Andro) is the main active compound in medicinal herb Andrographis paniculata Nees (Acanthaceae). Vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA), a key pro-angiogenic factor, contributes greatly to tumor growth. The purpose of this study is to observe the inhibition of Andro on VEGFA expression in hepatoma cancer cells and its engaged mechanism. Andro decreased mRNA and protein expression of VEGFA in hepatoma Hep3B and HepG2 cells. Andro also decreased hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha (HIF-1α) protein expression and its subsequent nuclear translocation...
June 23, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
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